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Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 598-603, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496768


Objective To evaluate the usefulness of the short-segment nerve conduction studies (SSCSs,inching test) of the peroneal nerve across the fibular head in order to diagnose and localize the site of entrapment of the nerve.Methods Fifty-four patients with suspected peroneal nerve palsy and 30 controls were studied.The symptoms all occurred in unilateral leg,involving 25 left legs and 29 right legs.Both long segment motor nerve conduction studies (LSMCs) and SSCSs were performed in all patients and controls.SSCSs were obtained at 2 cm intervals,starting 6 cm proximal (P6,P4 and P2) and 4 cm distal (D2 and D4) ending to the fibular head prominence (P).Results When nerve conduction of the entire 10 cm segment across the fibular head was tested by the conventional method,only 40 showed reduction in amplitude or slowing of motor conduction velocity or both.However,with SSCSs,54 peroneal nerves were all discovered abnormal.The results of comparison of conventional methods suggested that there were significant differences in conduction velocity between the fibular head-Ankle segment and the knee-fibular head segment in the case group,the latter ((33.63 ± 9.29) m/s) being slower than the former ((47.92 ± 4.04) m/s;t =9.776,P =0.000),while there was no obvious abnormality in the control group.The results of the control group detected by SSCSs showed that there was no significant difference between the left and right sides of the mean amplitude of the stimulation points and the mean time of segmental nerve conduction.Therefore,we set the exception criteria as the segmental nerve conduction time is longer than the corresponding control group (i + 2 s),and the CMAP amplitude of proximal stimulation point decreased by more than 20% than the adjacent distal segment.In accordance with this standard,we found that the lesions were located in P6 to P4 in 2/54 (3.7%) legs,P4 to P2 in 4/54 (7.4%) legs,P2 to P in 43/54 (79.6%) legs,P to D2 in 12/54 (22.2%) legs,D2 to D4 in 3/54 (5.6%) legs,respectively.Consequently,the P2 to P segment was most vulnerable to damage.Conclusions SSCSs are more sensitive in detecting the entrapment of the peroneal nerve across the fibular head than the LSMCs.SSCSs could precisely localize the entrapment lesions,might be a useful tool especially for the detection of mild entrapment which has normal LSMCs findings of the peroneal nerve across the fibular head.

Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 613-615, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427437


ObjectiveTo evaluate reliability and psychiatric clinical value of quantum resonance spectrometer (QRS) application in depression symptoms detection.MethodsThe psychiatric symptoms of 97 cases respectively obtained from QRS test and psychiatrist check were performed comparative analysis.The detecting order and checking order was under an order of go to see doctor random.ResultsSensitivity and negative predictive value of QRS were 100% same as psychiatrists'examination in eating disorders; also specificity and positive predictive were 100% in depressed mood,will weaken and sleep disorders.Kappa values were all greater than 0.8 of QRS in slow thinking,depressed mood,will weaken and other symptoms.The AUC of ROC line were all greater than 0.9 of QRS in slow thinking,depressed mood,will weaken,et al.11 symptoms.ConclusionQRS could be used as secondary depression diagnostic tools,provide a new basis for clinical diagnosis.