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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To use the high performance liquid chromatography method to determine the content of formononetin in Jinji Pills and by using atomic absorption spectrophotometry,method to determine the harmful elements of heavy metal in Jinji Pills in orer to provide the scientific foundation for improving its quality standards and safety evaluation. Methods:Use Waters XBridge? C18 column (4.6 mm × 250 mm, 5 μm), set mobile phase at acetonitrile-1% phosphoric acid solution (27:73), flow rate 1.0 ml/min, column temperature 30 ℃, detection wavelength 249 nm, column temperature 30 ℃; Lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) was detected by graphite furnace method; arsenic (As) was detected by cold steam series graphite furnace method; copper (Cu) was detected by flame method; mercury (Hg) was detected by cold steam method.Results:The formononetin had a good linear relationship between 0.02-2.01 μg, the recovery rate was 98.5%, RSD was 1.53%. Lead (Pb) recovery rate was 103.6%, cadmium (Cd) recovery rate was 95.7%, arsenic (As) recovery rate was 92.4%, mercury (Hg) recovery rate was 104.9%, copper (Cu) recovery rate was 112.5%. Conclusion:This method is of accuracy, specificity, high sensitivity and good reproducibility, which could provide strong evidence for quality improvement and safety use of Jinji pill.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887477

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of @*METHODS@#A total of 60 children with intellectual disability were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the control group, rehabilitation training and routine acupuncture were adopted, 30 min each time, once a day, 6 times a week for 3 months. On the base of the treatment as the control group, @*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the scores of DQ and ADL and the serum levels of DA, NE, 5-HT after treatment were increased (@*CONCLUSION@#On the base of rehabilitation training and routine acupuncture,


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Child , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Needles , Neurotransmitter Agents , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882663

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of blood ammonia in the evaluation of the prognosis of septic patients in the emergency department and to compare its value with mortality in emergency department sepsis (MEDS) score.Methods:A retrospective clinical study was conducted to septic patients who were diagnosed in the Emergency Department of West China Hospital of Sichuan University from June 2017 to May 2018, and met the diagnostic criteria established by the diagnostic criteria of the American College of Chest Physicians/Society of Critical Care Medicine in 2001. The subjects who had other diseases that affected blood ammonia level and were lost to follow-up were excluded. MEDS scores were collected, and the survival status of patients was followed up by telephone. The independent samples t test was used to compare the differences between the two groups, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to assess the accuracy of the prediction of sepsis mortality, and the logistic regression model was used to explore the value of the combined use of blood ammonia and MEDS score.Results:Eighty subjects were finally included in the study and divided into the 1-week survival group ( n=52), 1-week death group ( n=28); 4-week survival group ( n=37), 4-week death group ( n=43); 12-week survival group ( n=33), 12-week death group ( n=47); 1-year survival group ( n=32), and 1-year death group ( n=48). There was no statistical difference in the demographic characteristics of subjects between the groups. The average blood ammonia level of all the subjects who died was higher than that of the patients who survived in the same period [(116.57 ± 85.33) μmol/L vs (77.63 ± 35.82) μmol/L, (108.53 ± 73.00) μmol/L vs (71.19 ± 32.53) μmol/L, (106.74 ± 71.59) μmol/L vs (69.21 ± 28.84) μmol/L, (105.77 ± 71.14) μmol/L vs (69.50 ± 29.25) μmol/L, P<0.05]. Based on death after one week, four weeks, twelve weeks and one year, the area under ROC curve (AUC) of blood ammonia was 0.668 (95% CI: 0.542-0.793, P=0.014), 0.706 (95% CI: 0.593-0.819, P=0.002), 0.705 (95% CI: 0.592-0.818, P=0.002), and 0.697 (95% CI: 0.582-0.811, P=0.003), respectively. Compared with the use of blood ammonia, lactic acid or MEDS score alone, the combined use of blood ammonia and MEDS score increased the accuracy of prognosis evaluation in sepstic patients ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Blood ammonia has a high value in predicting the short-term and 1-year prognosis of septic patients in the emergency department. The combined use of blood ammonia and MEDS score can further improve its predictive value.

4.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 681-693, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893888

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Heart failure (HF) poses substantial economic burden, primarily driven by high hospitalization and mortality rates. This study aimed to understand the economic burden of HF in 4 Asian countries under varying healthcare systems. @*Methods@#This was a non-interventional, retrospective study conducted in South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and Malaysia through medical chart review. Eligible patients included those who had either ≥1 hospitalization or ≥2 outpatient visits from January 1st to December 31st, 2014, and at least one year of follow-up. Resource use and direct healthcare costs (adjusted to 2015 USD) of HF were assessed. HF costs for subgroups stratified by age and sex were assessed. @*Results@#A total of 568 patients were recruited from South Korea (n=200), Taiwan (n=200), Thailand (n=100) and Malaysia (n=68). The proportion of patients hospitalized ranged from 20.0% to 93.5% (South Korea 20.0%, Thailand 49.0%, Malaysia 70.6%, and Taiwan 93.5%).The overall annual HF cost per patient was $2,357, $4,513, $3,513 and $1,443 in South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, and Malaysia, respectively; hospitalized HF care costs were $10,714, $4,790, $7,181 and $1,776, respectively. The length of stay was more than 12.2 days except in Malaysia. No specific trend was observed in subgroup analysis. @*Conclusions@#In Asia, HF poses significant economic burden and hospitalization has emerged as the major cost driver among healthcare costs. A streamlined treatment strategy reducing hospitalization rate can minimize the economic burden.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1972-1976, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922234

ABSTRACT

There are more than 150 types of chemical modifications in RNA, mainly methylation, which are widely distributed in all kinds of RNA, including messenger RNA, transfer RNA, ribosomal RNA, non-coding small RNA and long non-coding RNA. In recent years, the identification of RNA methylation modification enzymes and the development of high-throughput sequencing technology at transcriptome level laid a foundation for revealing the expression and function of genes regulated by chemical modification of RNA. In this review, the most recent advances of RNA methylation, especially N6-methyladenosine (m


Subject(s)
Adenosine/metabolism , Hematopoiesis , Humans , Methylation , RNA/metabolism
6.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 681-693, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901592

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Heart failure (HF) poses substantial economic burden, primarily driven by high hospitalization and mortality rates. This study aimed to understand the economic burden of HF in 4 Asian countries under varying healthcare systems. @*Methods@#This was a non-interventional, retrospective study conducted in South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and Malaysia through medical chart review. Eligible patients included those who had either ≥1 hospitalization or ≥2 outpatient visits from January 1st to December 31st, 2014, and at least one year of follow-up. Resource use and direct healthcare costs (adjusted to 2015 USD) of HF were assessed. HF costs for subgroups stratified by age and sex were assessed. @*Results@#A total of 568 patients were recruited from South Korea (n=200), Taiwan (n=200), Thailand (n=100) and Malaysia (n=68). The proportion of patients hospitalized ranged from 20.0% to 93.5% (South Korea 20.0%, Thailand 49.0%, Malaysia 70.6%, and Taiwan 93.5%).The overall annual HF cost per patient was $2,357, $4,513, $3,513 and $1,443 in South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, and Malaysia, respectively; hospitalized HF care costs were $10,714, $4,790, $7,181 and $1,776, respectively. The length of stay was more than 12.2 days except in Malaysia. No specific trend was observed in subgroup analysis. @*Conclusions@#In Asia, HF poses significant economic burden and hospitalization has emerged as the major cost driver among healthcare costs. A streamlined treatment strategy reducing hospitalization rate can minimize the economic burden.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 369-373,378, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867263

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value in cerebral blood perfusion status of dynamic susceptibility contrast enhanced perfusion weighted imaging (DSC-PWI) in ischemic cerebrovascular disease (ICVD).Methods:Retrospective analysis of 31 cases ICVD head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and DSC-PWI image in clinical diagnosis, and selectively analyze parameters including relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF), relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV), mean transit time (MTT) and time to peak (TTP) for generalize its characteristics.Results:31 cases of ICVD, 16 cases hypoperfusion, rCBF decreased significantly, rCBV decreased, MTT and TTP prolonged, include 7 cases of large vessel disease and 5 cases of small vessel disease. The collateral circulation formed 9 cases, including 3 cases with good compensation, rCBF normal, rCBV normal, MTT and TTP prolonged, 6 cases with bad compensation, rCBF decreased, rCBV normal or increased, MTT and TTP prolonged. The blood reperfusion in 3 cases, rCBF normal or slightly increased, rCBV increased, MTT shortened or normal, and TTP shortened. The excessive perfusion in 3 cases, rCBF significantly increased and rCBV significantly increased, with MTT and TTP shortened.Conclusions:DSC-PWI can reliably reflect the perfusion state and collateral circulation compensation of ICVD, so as to guide the selection of clinical treatment program and significantly improve the prognosis of patients.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1349-1356, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827113

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of PDGFRα stromal cells derived SCF on hematopoiesis of adult mice.@*METHODS@#Pdgfrα-CreER; R26-tdTomato mice model was constructed, and the proportion and distribution of PDGFRα cells in the liver, spleen, lung, kidney and bone marrow were analyzed by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. Then the Pdgfrα-CreER; Scf mice model was further constructed, the Scf in PDGFRα was knocked out specifically, the effect of Scf-knocked out in PDGFRα stromal cells in the propitiation of HSPCs in the bone marrow was analyzed by flow cytometry. The effect of SCF on the proportion on number of peripheral blood cells in mice was analyzed by whole blood analyzer.@*RESULTS@#After Scf was knocked out in PDGFRα stromal cells, the propitiation and number of LKS- cell, LKS+ cell, HSC, MPP1, MKP, PreGM, PreMegE, and CFU-E in the bone marrow of mice was decreased, as well as in the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin concentration of peripheral blood. However, Scf knocked out from PDGFRα cells showed no effect on the hematopoiesis in spleen.@*CONCLUSION@#specific knocked out of Scf in PDGFRα stromal cells in adult mice can decrease the proportion of HSPCs in the bone marrow and the number of red blood cells in peripheral blood, and finally lead to anemia in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Hematopoiesis , Mice , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha , Stem Cell Factor
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797366

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the characteristics of patients visiting emergency department by different ways of transportation.@*Methods@#The medical information of 23 039 patients visiting emergency department from January 2017 to December 2017 was obtained through the Hospital Information System (HIS). There were 20 856 patients visiting emergency arranged by themselves (self-visiting group), and 2 183 patients sent by ambulance (ambulance group). The characteristics of two groups were compared.@*Results@#The proportion of young patients in the self-visit group was the highest (45.97%, 9 587/20 856), and the proportion of elderly patients in the ambulance group was the highest (40.04%, 874/2 183). Throughout the year, the number of patients who came to the hospital by themselves was the highest in the summer, that by ambulance was the highest in the winter, while that was the lowest in spring for both groups. There was no significant fluctuation in the number of patients who came to the hospital during the week. In the self-visited group, the daily peak hours were 18:00-02:00 at night and the ambulance group were 10:00-18:00. The number of visits for top 5 system diseases were trauma, digestive system, other diseases, respiratory system and urinary system diseases in self-visiting group; and were nervous system, trauma, digestive system, respiratory system and circulatory system diseases in ambulance group. The hospitalization rates of self-visiting group and ambulance group were 14.41% (3 006/20 856) and 76.64% (1 564/2 183), respectively.@*Conclusion@#The emergency patients with different visiting modes have different characteristics. The information would be useful for rationally allocate emergency resources, optimize the treatment process, improve the emergency capacity and ensure the safety of patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791868

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characteristics of patients visiting emergency department by different ways of transportation.Methods The medical information of 23 039 patients visiting emergency department from January 2017 to December 2017 was obtained through the Hospital Information System (HIS).There were 20 856 patients visiting emergency arranged by themselves (self-visiting group),and 2 183 patients sent by ambulance (ambulance group).The characteristics of two groups were compared.Results The proportion of young patients in the self-visit group was the highest (45.97%,9 587/20 856),and the proportion of elderly patients in the ambulance group was the highest (40.04%,874/2 183).Throughout the year,the number of patients who came to the hospital by themselves was the highest in the summer,that by ambulance was the highest in the winter,while that was the lowest in spring for both groups.There was no significant fluctuation in the number of patients who came to the hospital during the week.In the self-visited group,the daily peak hours were 18:00-02:00 at night and the ambulance group were 10:00-18:00.The number of visits for top 5 system diseases were trauma,digestive system,other diseases,respiratory system and urinary system diseases in self-visiting group;and were nervous system,trauma,digestive system,respiratory system and circulatory system diseases in ambulance group.The hospitalization rates of self-visiting group and ambulance group were 14.41% (3 006/20 856) and 76.64% (1 564/2 183),respectively.Conclusion The emergency patients with different visiting modes have different characteristics.The information would be useful for rationally allocate emergency resources,optimize the treatment process,improve the emergency capacity and ensure the safety of patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756264

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the differences of endoscopic submucosal dissection ( ESD ) for colorectal tumors of different diameters. Methods Data of 210 cases which were treated with ESD for colorectal tumors at the Endoscopy Center, the Seventh Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from October 2012 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The lesions were divided into two groups according to different diameters (≥4. 0 cm group and <4. 0 cm group) for comparative analysis of related factors. Results The mean procedure time of ESD for 210 colorectal tumor cases was 50. 3±42. 7 min and the mean size of lesions was 7. 98 ± 10. 84 cm2 . En bloc resection rate was 91. 4%, R0 resection rate was 90. 5%, and the curative resection rate was 88. 6%. Perforation rate was 5. 2% (11/210), and the late hemorrhage rate was 0. 5% (1/210). Compared with lesions < 4. 0 cm, those ≥ 4. 0 cm required longer resection time (79. 63±53. 91 min VS 35. 28±24. 99 min, P<0. 001); and the lesions were mainly located in the rectum ( 61. 97%) . LSTs were mainly mixed granular/nongranular type ( 54. 93%);en bloc resection rate, complete resection rate and curative resection rate of the tumors≥4. 0 cm were all lower than those of tumors < 4. 0 cm. The difference in complete resection rate was statistically significant ( 85. 92% VS 94. 24%;P=0. 041) . The perforation rate ( 7. 04%) was higher in≥4. 0 cm group, but the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusions ESD of colorectal tumors of diameters ≥ 4. 0 cm requires longer time with higher operation risk. Additionally, physicians should be more careful with non-rectal lesions.

12.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1081-1085, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752496

ABSTRACT

Objective Toinvestigatethechangesofiron,fatandwatercontentinspleentissuesforacutepancreatitis(AP).Methods Atotal of44patientswithAP(experimentalgroup)and21healthysubjects(controlgroup)wererecruitedinthisstudy.RoutineupperabdominalMR scansandIDEAL-IQsequencescanwereperformed.TheR2?,Water,FatandFFvaluesofspleenwererespectivelymeasuredinthe experimentalgroupandcontrolgroup,andthedataofthetwogroupswereanalyzedstatistically.Results TheR2?value(P=0.011),Water value(P=0.003)andFatvalue(P=0.022)ofspleenintheexperimentalgroupandthecontrolgrouphadsignificantdifferences, whiletheFFvalue(P=0.861)didn’t.TherewerenosignificantdifferencesinR2?,WaterandFatvaluesinthemild,moderateand severeAP (P>0.05).aswellasintheyounggroup (14-44yearsold),themiddle-agedgroup (45-59yearsold)andtheelderly group (≥60yearsold)inAP (P>0.05).Conclusion APcanleadtothechangesofirondeposition,fatandwatercontentinspleen tissue,andIDEAL-IQtechnologycanquantitativelyevaluatethechangeofthem.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742705

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce a method of adjusting the coefficient of thermal expansion of dental zirconia ceramic, which contributing to reduce the chipping of the veneering porcelain caused by the mismatch of the expansion coefficients of zirconia and veneering porcelain. Methods Upcera Zr O2/Zr2WP2O12composite ceramic was synthesized by solid-state reaction method.XRD, DIL and SEM were used to test and analyze the composite samples and mechanical properties of the composite samples were investigated too.Results The expansion coefficients of Upcera Zr O2/Zr2WP2O12composites decreased with the mass fraction of the negative thermal expansion material■age of Zr2WP2O12was 2%, the mechanical properties of the Upcera Zr O2/Zr2WP2O12composites were best and close to Upcera Zr O2, without any statistical significance (P>0.05).And its expansion coefficient was 9.6×10-6/℃, between the expansion coefficients of zirconia and veneering porcelain. Conclusion The negative thermal expansion material Zr2WP2O12can adjust the expansion coefficient of Upcera Zr O2effectively.And the expansion coefficient of Upcera Zr O2/Zr2WP2O12composite is between the expansion coefficients of zirconia and veneering porcelain.Mechanical properties of Upcera Zr O2/Zr2WP2O12composite can meet the clinical requirements.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779439

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim is to analyze the spatial-temporal correlation of dysentery incidence in 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China from 2004 to 2016, and to predict the short-term incidence of dysentery in China. Methods Data about the incidence of dysentery from 2004 to 2016 was collected. Arcgis and Geoda were used to create visualized grading maps and analyze spatial correlation. The auto-regressive integrated moving average model (ARIMA)was used to predict the incidence of dysentery in 2017 and evaluate the prediction accuracy of the model. Results The incidence of dysentery in China declined with each passing year from 2004 to 2016. The incidence of dysentery in the western region was significantly higher than the eastern region, except high incidence rate in Beijing and Tianjin. There was no significantly global correlation in the incidence rate, but there was local aggregation. Qinghai had turned from high-level aggregation to low-level accumulation. Inner Mongolia and Shanxi had changed from no local aggregation to low-high accumulation. Shaanxi has long been high-high, and the southeast coastal areas had been low-low accumulation for a long time. The optimal model ARIMA (1,0,0) (2,1,1)12 was established to predict the incidence of dysentery, and the prediction results were roughly consistent with the observations. Conclusion The incidence of dysentery from 2004 to 2016 is not spatially mobile but clustered. The incidence of dysentery in Beijing, Tianjin, Shaanxi and most of the western regions is severe. The ARIMA model is suitable for forecasting the incidence of short-term dysentery. And our analysis may help prevent and control the incidence of dysentery in China.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816120

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: A multicenter survey is conducted to study the application,the long-term effect and safety of hydroxychloroquine(HCQ)in the treatment of rheumatic diseases in Suzhou. METHODS: Retrospectively collect the data of outpatients and inpatients from Rheumatology Department of four general hospitals in Suzhou(the First Affiliated Hospital of Suzhou University, and Suzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the First People's Hospital of Kunshan, the First People's Hospital of Changshu)from June 2017 to July 2018. A special questionnaire was used to collect data on general information, diagnosis, methods and courses in the use of hydroxychloro-quine, duration, efficacy and compliance, combined medication, adverse reactions of ophthalmology and other systems, and the use of hydroxychloroquine(HCQ)during pregnancy.Result Totally there were 856 cases, including 68 males(7.9%)and 788 females(92.1%).Classification of diseases: 147 cases of RA(including secondary SS of RA), 425 cases of SLE,12 cases of APS, 167 cases of PSS,104 cases of others, and 1 case of overlap syndrome(RA with SLE)The treatment course of HCQ: minimum 0.5 years, maximum 22.75 years, with an average of 3.59(SD=3.08)years.Dosage: 0.2 g/day in 604 cases, 0.4 g/day in 424 cases, 193 cases of using 0.4 and 0.2 successively, and 21 in other cases;721 cases used continuously. There were adverse reactions in 183 cases(7 males and 176 females), which were distributed in 30 cases of RA, 105 cases of SLE, 2 cases of APS, 31 cases of SS and 15 other cases. Ophthalmological adverse reactions occurred in 70 cases, with positive correlation in 4 cases. Ophthalmological examination: 121 cases(14.1%)every year;68 cases(7.9%)every two years. There were 92 cases of adverse skin reactions, with 8 cases of positive correlation. Other systems had few adverse reactions and there was no positive correlation. Continuous medication, combination of anti-rheumatic drugs and adverse reactions were associated, and continuous medication or combination of anti-rheumatic drugs were significantly associated with adverse reactions in ophthalmology and skin, respectively. The adverse reactions of ophthalmology were related to the course of treatment, and the adverse reactions of fundus increased after taking medicine for more than 7 years.There were 37 pregnancies and HCQ was used in 17 cases throughout pregnancy, and only 1 case had non-drug-related neonatal defects. CONCLUSION: HCQ is mainly used in the treatment of SLE, SS, RA and APS in Rheumatology Department in Suzhou. HCQ medication is standardized, but ophthalmic follow-up monitoring is not. Adverse reactions are mainly in skin and ophthalmology. Continuous medication and combination of antirheumatic drugs are associated factors of adverse reactions.Long-term treatment with HCQ is safe and well-toleratrd.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815694

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the correlation between depression severity and neurocognitive function in patients with late-onset depression .@*Methods@#The patients with late-onset depression treated in Jinhua Second hospital from February 2015 to December 2017 were assigned into the mild,moderate and severe groups according to the severity of depression assessed by the Hamilton Depression Scale-17(HAMD-17). At the same time,some healthy persons were selected as the control group. Wisconsin Card Sorting Test(WCST),Verbal Fluency Test(VFT)and Stroop Test were carried out,and the scores of these tests were compared in the four groups. The correlations of WCST, VFT, Stroop Test and HAMD-17 scores were analyzed .@*Results@# There were 32,28,35 and 35 subjects involved in the mild,moderate,severe and control group,respectively. The subjects of the mild group,moderate group and severe group had more total errors,perseverative responses and perseverative errors than the control group,and less percent conceptual level responses than the control group (all P<0.05). The total errors,perseverative responses,perseverative errors and percent perseverative errors increased and the percent conceptual level responses decreased gradually with the severity of depression(all P<0.05). The correct numbers of Stroop-consistent group and VFT in the severe group were less than those in the control,mild and moderate group(all P<0.05),which was significantly different between the mild,moderate and control group (P>0.05). The HAMD-17 scores were negatively correlated with the correct numbers of Stroop congruent group(r=-0.448,P<0.001)and VFT(r=-0.401,P<0.001),and were positively correlated with perseverative responses in the WCST(r=0.784,P<0.001) .@*Conclusion@#The neurocognitive impairment in patients with late-onset depression aggravated with the severity of depression.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774315

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of bone marrow vascular niche in the development of MLL-AF9 acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Transplantation experiments were performed to establish non-radiated MLL-AF9 AML model; the half-bone immunofluorescence staining and tile-scan imaging of two-photon confocal microscopy were used to obtain the data of 3 main bone marrow niche cells; flow cytometry analysis was performed to characterize leukemia cells in different anatomical sites.@*RESULTS@#In the early stage of MLL-AF9 AML, the proportion of leukemia cells in the metaphysis of the femur was significantly higher than that in the diaphysis. The detection of apoptosis and proliferation rate of leukemia cells showed that the percentage of leukemia cells in metaphysis significantly decreased, and the proliferation (S/G/M phase) was also significantly more active. These different features of leukemia cells may relate with different bone marrow microenvironment. The image data of 3 major components of bone marrow niche (endothelial cells, endosteum, megakaryocytes) showed different distribution of blood vessels in metaphysis and diaphysis. Furtherly comparing the spatial distance between leukemia cells and endothelial cells, endosteum, megakaryocytes indicated that leukemia cells are closer to the blood vessels, suggesting the important role of blood vessels in the development of leukemia. Glucose uptake assays and intracellular ROS detection showed that the supportive role of blood vessels for leukemia cells did not related with nutrient metabolism pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#The vascular niche plays an important role in the development of leukemia, and does not relate with the transport of nutrients and the elimination of metabolic waste, instead, which may relate with perivascular cytokines or other vascular functions.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Apoptosis , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1701-1705, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775662

ABSTRACT

Abstract  B cell maturation antigen (BCMA) is an ideal target for precise treatment due to its highly selective expression on malignant myeloma cells. This review summarizes briefly the advances in the latest research progress on biological activity of BCMA, its significance as a biomarker and immunotherapy direcited against BCMA, such as bispecific antibodies, antibody drug conjugates, chimeric antigen receptor T cell therapy against mature B cell antigens.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Differentiation, B-Lymphocyte , B-Cell Maturation Antigen , B-Lymphocytes , Humans , Immunotherapy , Multiple Myeloma , Therapeutics , T-Lymphocytes
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811782

ABSTRACT

@#To explore the effects of extract of selenium-enriched Astragalus membranaceus(ESAM)on insulin resistance(IR)in streptozotocin(STZ)diabetic rats. In this study, type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM)was established; ESAM and pioglitazone were used to intervene T2DM model rats; the general condition of rats in each group was observed, and body weight and fasting blood glucose(FBG)were recorded before modeling and after modeling. At the end of the fourth week, the blood and liver tissues of each group were collected. The total cholesterol(CHOL), triglyceride(TG), high-density lipoprotein(HDL), low-density lipoprotein(LDL)in blood were detected by biochemical detector; ELISA was used to detected content changes of blood fasting insulin(FINS), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-6(IL-6), C-reactive protein(CRP), interleukin-1β(IL-1β); Western blotting was used for the detection of insulin receptor substrate protein 1(IRS1), phosphorylated IRS1(p-IRS1), nuclear factor κB inhibitor kinase β(IKKβ), phosphorylated IKKβ(p-IKKβ), c -Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK), phosphorylated JNK(p-JNK)protein changes. Results showed that compared with the blank group, the body weight of the model group was significantly decreased. FBG, CHOL, TG, LDL, TNF-α, IL-6, CRP, IL-1β in the blood and p-IRS1, p-IKKβ, p-JNK in the liver was increased significantly; after intervention, pioglitazone, ESAM can reverse the body weight of the model rats and the changes of the above cytokines and proteins. In conclusion, ESAM can reduce the expression of inflammatory cytokines in T2DM rats, inhibit the increase of free fatty acids(FFA), decrease the activation of IKKβ and JNK phosphorylation in surrounding tissues, activate insulin pathway and improve the IR effect of T2DM.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807141

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy and side effects of cyberknife therapy in the treatment of retroperitoneal lymph node metastatic tumor.@*Methods@#Among the 81 patients presenting with postoperative retroperitoneal lymph node metastases, 33 cases suffered from abdominal pain or low back pain, 7 had unilateral hydronephrosis and ureteral dilatation, and 8 developed unilateral or bilateral lower limb swelling. Using stereotactic radiotherapy with a cyberknife, DT was delivered at 33-45 Gy/3-6 F. The improvement of symptoms, objective tumor response rate, and irradiation-induced side effects were observed.@*Results@#At 4 weeks after treatment, pain and swelling of the lower extremities were completely mitigated, and hydronephrosis was fully healed in all patients. Enhanced CT or MRI was performed every 2 to 3 months. After 6-month follow-up, the complete response (CR) rate was calculated as 77%(62/81), 21%(17/81) for the partial response (PR) rate, 3%(2/81) for the stable disease (SD) rate and the effective rate (CR+ PR) was 98%.No case progressed. The main side effect was intestinal injury, including grade 1 in 16%(13/81), grade 2 in 9%(7/81). Multivariate analysis demonstrated the CR rate was not correlated with the type of the primary tumor or the size of the tumor (P>0.05), but was significantly associated with the distance of>0.5 cm between the tumor and intestine and the BED (α/β=10)>70 Gy of the tumor irradiation (P<0.01). The incidence of irradiation-related side effects was correlated with the maximum diameter of tumor>5 cm and the distance of<0.5 cm between the tumor and intestine (P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Cyberknife is an efficacious and safe approach in the treatment of retroperitoneal lymph node metastatic tumors.

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