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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888635

ABSTRACT

Biodegradable vascular stents have better biocompatibility than drug-eluting stents. The blood vessels are rebuilt and degraded after normal physiological functions are restored. Due to it will not stay in the body for a long time and the patients don't need taking anti-rejection drugs all the time, it becomes the focus of attention in the treatment of coronary heart disease. This article introduced the development history of biodegradable stents and reviewed the research status of several different materials of vascular stents (animals or humans)


Subject(s)
Absorbable Implants , Animals , Drug-Eluting Stents , Humans , Stents
2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 522-527, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884449

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility and the application values of quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) for the assessment of meniscal injury and in distinguishing meniscus degeneration and tears.Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 70 patients suspected of meniscus injury and scheduled for arthroscopy in Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University from November 2019 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Thirty age-and sex-matched healthy subjects were also examined as controls. All subjects received knee joint QSM and routine MR imaging. According to the results of arthroscopy, the patients was divided into meniscus degeneration and meniscus tear groups, respectively. The conventional MR was evaluated by two radiologists. The meniscus injury area was delineated on the original QSM magnitude images (the central area of the posterior corner of the lateral meniscus was selected in the healthy controls) and mapped to the corresponding QSM maps, and the magnetic susceptibility values were measured. Kruskal-Wallis H test was used to analyze the magnetic sensitivity values of meniscal degeneration, meniscal tear and healthy control groups; and Bonferroni was used to correct the pairwise comparison. ROC curve was established to evaluate the threshold and efficacy of magnetic susceptibility value in the diagnosis of meniscal tear. The results were compared with those of conventional MRI. Results:The magnetic susceptibility values of meniscus of healthy controls, meniscal degeneration and meniscal tear groups were (0.035±0.016)ppm, -0.031(-0.040,-0.005)ppm, and(-0.122±0.115)ppm, respectively, with significant difference found among the three groups (χ2=44.419, P<0.05). The magnetic susceptibility values of meniscus of healthy controls was significantly higher than those of meniscus degeneration patients and meniscus tear patients (χ2=-23.843, -48.253, P<0.05). The magnetic susceptibility values of meniscus of meniscus tear group was significant lower than those of meniscus degeneration group (χ2=-24.410, P<0.05). Taking magnetic susceptibility values of -0.062 5 ppm as threshold, the area under the ROC curve for the diagnosis of meniscal tears was 0.949, with the sensitivity as 87% and the specificity as 100%. The sensitivity and specificity of conventional MRI in the diagnosis of meniscal tears were 86.8% and 87.5%, respectively. Conclusion:QSM can quantitatively evaluate meniscus injury and can be used as an effective supplement method to conventional MRI, which is helpful to improve the diagnosis of meniscus tear.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 534-539, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884443

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the preventive efficacy of pirfenidone in esophageal stent-related restenosis and the related underlying mechanisms.Methods:Twenty-four rats underwent esophageal stent placement were included in this study. The rats were randomly assigned to three groups, with 8 rats in each group. The three groups were set to receive placebo, 150 mg/kg pirfenidone and 300 mg/kg pirfenidone daily by oral administration for 28 days, respectively. Twenty-eight days after stent placement, the stented esophagi were harvested for histological examinations. The number of epithelial layers, the thickness of submucosal fibrosis, the percentage of granulation tissue area, the degree of inflammatory cell infiltration, the degree of collagen deposition, and the α-SMA staining scores were evaluated. One-way ANOVA was performed for the statistical comparison of the number of epithelial layers, the degree of inflammatory cell infiltration, the degree of collagen deposition and the α-SMA staining scores among these three groups. The Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of the thickness of submucosal fibrosis and the percentage of granulation tissue area among the three groups. Results:Gross pathological findings showed that both pirfenidone groups had significantly less luminal fibrotic tissue formation and restenosis than placebo group. The percentage of granulation tissue areas in placebo group, 150 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg pirfenidone groups were 57.23%±25.68%, 21.80%±6.65% and 12.18%±6.37%, respectively. Both pirfenidone groups showed significantly less granulation tissue areas than placebo group ( P<0.01). The degree of inflammatory cell infiltration, the degree of collagen deposition and the α-SMA staining scores were 3.28±0.55, 3.38±0.63 and 2.75±0.38 in placebo group, 2.30±0.46, 2.36±0.58 and 2.00±0.42 in 150 mg/kg pirfenidone group, and 1.86±0.38, 1.91±0.41 and 1.57±0.28 in 300 mg/kg pirfenidone group, respectively. Both pirfenidone groups showed significantly less inflammatory cell infiltration, collagen deposition and α-SMA staining scores than placebo group ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Pirfenidone can suppress esophageal stent-related restenosis in rats by significantly inhibiting inflammation, myofibroblast activation and proliferation, and fibrotic tissue formation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 415-419, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of DWI with background suppression (DWIBS) in evaluating the injury of the low limb nerves in patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS).Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 30 patients with GBS and 30 healthy volunteers matched with their age and gender in Zibo Central Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received lower limb nerve electrophysiological examination and all subjects received lower limb nerve DWIBS examination one week later. The display of tibial nerve and common peroneal nerve after DWIBS image reconstruction in normal volunteers and GBS patients was scored by two senior radiologists. Kappa consistency test was used to analyze the consistency of the two senior radiologists′ scores. One-way ANOVA was used to compare the motor nerve conduction velocity (MCV) and motor nerve conduction amplitudes of tibial nerve and common peroneal nerve in patients with GBS among different DWIBS scores. Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between DWIBS tibial nerve and common peroneal nerve scores and electrophysiological parameters in patients with GBS.Results:In the DWIBS images of 30 healthy volunteers, 60 tibial nerves and common peroneal nerves showed clear, sharp edges, good signal intensity, uniformity, and the scores were 4. The consistency between the two radiologists was good (Kappa value=1.0). In the 60 tibial nerves and common peroneal nerves of 30 GBS patients, 53 tibial nerves and 52 common peroneal nerves showed abnormal changes in varying degrees, including blurred edges, distortions, difficulty in recognition, and weakened signal strength, etc. The consistency between the two readers was good (Kappa value=0.879,0.863,respectively.).With the decrease of DWIBS score, the MCV and motor nerve conduction amplitude values of tibial nerves and common peroneal nervesin GBS patients decreased, and the differences between the score groups were statistically significant ( P<0.01). The scores of tibial nerves and common peroneal nerves in DWIBS were positively correlated with MCV ( r=0.83, 0.84, respectively, P<0.05) and motor nerve conduction amplitude ( r=0.81, 0.79, respectively, P<0.05). Conclusion:DWIBS could provide a three dimensional visualization of tibial nerves and common peroneal nerves, and evaluate the disorders of peripheral nerves in patients with GBS. There has correlation between the scores of tibial nerves and common peroneal nerves in DWIBS with electrophysiology parameters.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 835-847, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881172

ABSTRACT

Localized delivery, comparing to systemic drug administration, offers a unique alternative to enhance efficacy, lower dosage, and minimize systemic tissue toxicity by releasing therapeutics locally and specifically to the site of interests. Herein, a localized drug delivery platform ("plum‒pudding" structure) with controlled release and long-acting features is developed through an injectable hydrogel ("pudding") crosslinked

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 604-609, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873789

ABSTRACT

After entering the physiological environment, proteins and other biomolecules bind to the nanoparticles' surface, called protein corona. The corona establishes a new bio-interface that affects its physicochemical properties and biological behaviors. Variations in types and contents of human plasma proteins during the different physiological states can substantially change the composition and effects of the corona. With folic acid (FA)-modified polylactic acid-polyglycolic acid copolymer (PLGA) nanoparticles, the formation of protein coronas and their influence on the targeting capability are studied in healthy and ovarian human plasma. All human plasma samples were collected at the Peking University Third Hospital and this study protocol has been approved by Peking University Third Hospital Medical Science Research Ethics Committee (2019-409-1). Dynamic light scattering measurements demonstrated a 10-40 nm increase in their size distributions and a 30 mV decreased in their absolute zeta-potential since protein corona-coated PLGA-PEG and PLGA-FA were formed. The SDS-PAGE analysis showed the composition of the protein coronas from ovarian and healthy plasma in PLGA-FA were markedly distinct, particularly for proteins with molecular weight of 45, 110 and >180 kDa. Flow cytometry indicated that the absorption of ovarian plasma in PLGA-FA led to a lower cellular uptake by SKOV3 cells. Our results suggest that in vitro formed ovarian plasma protein corona could shield targeting molecules and reduced receptor-mediated internalization. The results of this pilot study will provide evidence of the effectiveness of active targeting nanoparticles under pathologic conditions. Additionally, the protein corona in different diseases is emerging as a key point; thus, a comprehensive understanding could accelerate clinical translation of functionalized nanoparticles.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828963

ABSTRACT

The oral microbial community is widely regarded as a latent reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes. This study assessed the molecular epidemiology, susceptibility profile, and resistance mechanisms of 35 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE) strains isolated from the dental plaque of a healthy human population. Broth microdilution minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) revealed that all the isolates were nonsusceptible to oxacillin and penicillin G. Most of them were also resistant to trimethoprim (65.7%) and erythromycin (54.3%). The resistance to multiple antibiotics was found to be largely due to the acquisition of plasmid-borne genes. The mecA and dfrA genes were found in all the isolates, mostly dfrG (80%), aacA-aphD (20%), aadD (28.6%), aphA3 (22.9%), msrA (5.7%), and the ermC gene (14.3%). Classical mutational mechanisms found in these isolates were mainly efflux pumps such as qacA (31.4%), qacC (25.7%), tetK (17.1%), and norA (8.6%). Multilocus sequence type analysis revealed that sequence type 59 (ST59) strains comprised 71.43% of the typed isolates, and the eBURST algorithm clustered STs into the clonal complex 2-II(CC2-II). The staphyloccoccal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) type results showed that 25 (71.43%) were assigned to type IV. Moreover, 88.66% of the isolates were found to harbor six or more biofilm-associated genes. The aap, atlE, embp, sdrF, and IS256 genes were detected in all 35 isolates. This research demonstrates that biofilm-positive multiple-antibiotic-resistant ST59-SCCmec IV S. epidermidis strains exist in the dental plaque of healthy people and may be a potential risk for the transmission of antibiotic resistance.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Dental Plaque , Microbiology , Female , Humans , Methicillin , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Staphylococcal Infections , Diagnosis , Staphylococcus epidermidis
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828477

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To early differentiate between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and adult mycoplasma pneumonia with chest CT scan.@*METHODS@#Twenty-six patients with COVID-19 and 21 patients with adult mycoplasma pneumonia confirmed with RT-PCR test were enrolled from Zibo First Hospital and Lanshan People's Hospital during December 1st 2019 and March 14th 2020. The early chest CT manifestations were analyzed and compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The interstitial changes with ground glass density shadow (GGO) were similar in two groups during first chest CT examination (>0.05). There were more lung lobes involved on the first chest CT in COVID-19 patients, which were mostly distributed in the dorsal outer zone (23/26, 88.5%), and nearly half of them (12/26, 46.2%) were accompanied by crazy-paving sign; while the lesions in adult mycoplasma pneumonia patients were mostly distributed along the bronchi, and the bronchial wall was thickened (19/21, 90.5%), accompanied with tree buds / fog signs (19/21, 90.5%). The above CT signs were significantly different between the two kinds of pneumonia (all <0.01). COVID-19 had a longer course compared with mycoplasma pneumonia, the disease peaks of COVID-19 patients was on day (10.5±3.8), while the disease on CT was almost absorbed on day (7.9±2.2) in adult mycoplasma pneumonia. The length of hospital stay in COVID-19 patients was significantly longer than that of mycoplasma pneumonia patients [(19.5±4.3) d vs (7.9±2.2) d, <0.01].@*CONCLUSIONS@#The lesions of adult mycoplasma pneumonia are mostly distributed along the bronchi with tree buds/fog signs, while the lesions of COVID-19 are mainly distributed in the dorsal outer zone accompanied by crazy-paving sign, which can early distinguish two diseases.


Subject(s)
Adult , Betacoronavirus , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Reference Standards , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Lung , Diagnostic Imaging , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Diagnostic Imaging , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
9.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 790-797, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870887

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the efficacy and safety of cinepazide maleate injection in the treatment of patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods:A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase Ⅳ clinical trial, led by Peking Union Medical College Hospital, was conducted in 65 Hospitals in China. The efficacy of cinepazide maleate injection in patients with acute anterior circulation cerebral infarction with onset time of ≤48 hours, 7≤National Institute of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) score ≤25 was assessed from August 2016 to February 2019, using the proportion of modified Rankin scale (mRS) score≤1 and Barthel index (BI) score≤95 on day 14 as efficacy endpoint. The patients were divided into treatment group who were treated with cinepazide maleate injection and control group who were treated with placebo.Results:A total 937 patients were involved in the final efficacy analysis (466 in treatment group and 471 in control group). The proportion of subjects with mRS score≤1 on day 14 after treatment were higher in the treatment group than that in the control group (102/466(21.89%) vs76/471(16.14%)). Logistic regression analysis showed that patients treated with cinepazide maleate were significantly more likely to have a favorable outcome (mRS score≤1) than patients treated with placebo on day 14 ( OR=0.677, 95% CI 0.484-0.948 , P=0.023), and patients treated with cinepazide maleate were more likely to reach independence in activities of daily living (Barthel Index ≥95) than those treated with placebo on day 14 (125/466(26.82%) vs 91/471(19.32%); OR=0.632, 95% CI0.459-0.869, P=0.005). The rate of adverse events was similar between the treatment and control groups. Conclusion:The 14-day treatment with cinepazide maleate injection could reduce the degree of disability whereas did not increase the risk of adverse events.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 364-367, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870822

ABSTRACT

Leucine rich glioma inactivated 1 (LGI1) is a protein which is identified as the target involving in autoimmune encephalitis. Seizures and cognitive declines are two main symptoms of LGI1-antibody encephalitis. However, autonomic dysfunction symptoms are not prominent as seizures and cognitive defection and are easily overlooked by physicians. We reported a case with LGI1-antibody encephalitis whose onset symptoms were autonomic dysfunction including sweating, orthostatic hypotension. The features of this case was described in detail and the related literatures were reviewed in order to enhance the knowledge of the disease.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870613

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the efficacy of revascularization in oldest-old patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods:The clinical data of AIS patients receiving recanalization therapy in Beijing Hospital from January 2010 to July 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Among 141 patients, there were 34 cases aged ≥80 years (oldest-old group) and 107 cases aged<80 years (old group).The clinical characteristics and outcomes of two groups were analyzed and compared.Results:The proportions of patients with atrial fibrillation and coronary heart disease in oldest-old group were high than those in the old group [61.8% (21/34) vs. 33.6%(36/107), χ 2=8.47, P<0.01; 58.8% (20/34) vs. 32.7% (35/107), P<0.01, respectively]; while there were no significant differences in other risk factors between two groups ( P>0.05). The National Institute of Health Stroke Scale Score (NIHSS) was higher in the oldest-old group than that in old group [16 (13,21) vs. 11 (6,16), Z=3.74, P<0.01]. In the etiological classification, cardiogenic embolism was the main cause in the oldest-old group (58.8%, 20/34), while large artery atherosclerosis was the main cause in the old group (46.7%, 50/107, χ 2=12.11, P<0.01). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the methods of recanalization [intravenous thrombolysis were 35.3% (12/34) and 48.6% (52/107); endovascular therapy were 52.9% (18/34) and 36.4% (39/107), bridging therapy were 11.8% (4/34) and 15.0% (16/107), respectively; χ 2=2.93, P=0.23] and the time from onset to treatment [195(154, 269) min vs. 215 (153,280)min, Z=1.03, P>0.05]. The 3-month independent (modified Rankin score ≤2) rate was lower in the oldest-old group than that in the old group [35.3% (12/34) vs. 56.1%(60/107), χ 2=4.46, P<0.05). The 3-month mortality was higher in the oldest-old group than that in the old group [29.4% (10/34) vs. 8.4%(9/107), χ 2=9.76, P<0.01]. There was a tendency of increased incidence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH) in the oldest-old patients compared to the old patients [11.8% (4/34) vs. 7.5% (8/107), P>0.05]. Conclusion:The conditions of AIS patients aged ≥80 years are more serious than those of patients aged<80 years, with higher mortality and lower functional improvement rate after recanalization treatment.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 146-151, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780560

ABSTRACT

Melanoma is a malignant tumor with a high degree of malignancy. The incidence of melanoma keeps increasing annually. In this study, a melanoma targeted hyaluronic acid (HA) nanogel was synthesized via crosslinking of thiolated HA with terminally functionalized F127-TPGS mixed micelles. Its stability in vitro was evaluated by the average particle size, and the cytotoxicity of the nanogel was investigated by in vitro cell based assays. Next, cell uptake studies were performed to quantitatively and qualitatively investigate the uptake of the nanogels in B16F10 cells. A small sized nanogel with a diameter of 30 nm was synthesized, which was proven to be minimally cytotoxic against both 3T3 or B16F10 cells. Compared with 3T3 cells with low levels of CD44, B16F10 cells with high levels of CD44 showed significantly higher cell uptake efficiency (P<0.05).

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798580

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the efficacy of revascularization in oldest-old patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).@*Methods@#The clinical data of AIS patients receiving recanalization therapy in Beijing Hospital from January 2010 to July 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Among 141 patients, there were 34 cases aged ≥80 years (oldest-old group) and 107 cases aged<80 years (old group).The clinical characteristics and outcomes of two groups were analyzed and compared.@*Results@#The proportions of patients with atrial fibrillation and coronary heart disease in oldest-old group were high than those in the old group [61.8% (21/34) vs. 33.6%(36/107), χ2=8.47, P<0.01; 58.8% (20/34) vs. 32.7% (35/107), P<0.01, respectively]; while there were no significant differences in other risk factors between two groups (P>0.05). The National Institute of Health Stroke Scale Score (NIHSS) was higher in the oldest-old group than that in old group [16 (13,21) vs. 11 (6,16), Z=3.74, P<0.01]. In the etiological classification, cardiogenic embolism was the main cause in the oldest-old group (58.8%, 20/34), while large artery atherosclerosis was the main cause in the old group (46.7%, 50/107, χ2=12.11, P<0.01). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the methods of recanalization [intravenous thrombolysis were 35.3% (12/34) and 48.6% (52/107); endovascular therapy were 52.9% (18/34) and 36.4% (39/107), bridging therapy were 11.8% (4/34) and 15.0% (16/107), respectively; χ2=2.93,P=0.23] and the time from onset to treatment [195(154, 269) min vs. 215 (153,280)min, Z=1.03, P>0.05]. The 3-month independent (modified Rankin score ≤2) rate was lower in the oldest-old group than that in the old group [35.3% (12/34) vs. 56.1%(60/107), χ2=4.46, P<0.05). The 3-month mortality was higher in the oldest-old group than that in the old group [29.4% (10/34) vs. 8.4%(9/107), χ2=9.76, P<0.01]. There was a tendency of increased incidence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH) in the oldest-old patients compared to the old patients [11.8% (4/34) vs. 7.5% (8/107), P>0.05].@*Conclusion@#The conditions of AIS patients aged ≥80 years are more serious than those of patients aged<80 years, with higher mortality and lower functional improvement rate after recanalization treatment.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 408-412, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869399

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between atherosclerotic plaque characteristics of the middle cerebral artery(MCA)and acute cerebral ischemic symptoms by using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging(HR-MRI).Methods:A retrospective analysis of clinical and imaging data was performed in 136 patients[100 males, aged(60.8±11.4)years]with MCA atherosclerotic plaque who underwent HR-MRI.Patients were divided into the acute symptomatic group(n=73)and the non-acute asymptomatic group(n=63)according to whether the patients had acute ischemic symptoms in the MCA territory within two weeks.The basic demographic characteristics, clinical risk factors, MCA plaque enhancement, maximum plaque length, maximum wall thickness, ratio of maximum plaque length to maximum wall thickness and luminal stenosis were compared between the two groups.Binary Logistic regression was used to estimate the association between MCA plaque characteristics and acute ischemic symptoms in the corresponding vascular territory.Results:Compared with the non-acute symptomatic group, the acute symptomatic group had a greater prevalence of diabetes mellitus(50.7% or 30/73 vs. 30.2% or 19/63, χ2=5.882, P=0.015), a higher occurrence of enhanced plaques(87.7 % or 64/73 vs.46.0% or 29/63, χ2=27.118, P<0.001), greater maximum plaque length[(6.7±3.7 mm) vs.(4.9±2.3)mm, t=-3.330, P=0.001], greater maximum wall thickness[(1.5±0.8)mm vs.(1.0±1.0)mm, t=-2.231, P=0.027]and more severe luminal stenosis[(66.4±31.3)% vs. (30.7±25.3) %, t=-7.354, P<0.001]. Logistic regression analysis showed that MCA enhanced plaque( OR=4.492, 95% CI: 1.762-11.449, P=0.002)and luminal stenosis( OR=1.032, 95% CI: 1.018-1.047, P<0.001)were independently associated with acute ischemic symptoms. Conclusions:Compared with luminal stenosis, MCA enhanced plaque has a stronger correlation with acute ischemic symptoms and significant plaque enhancement may be an important indication of its instability.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1056-1060, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868375

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic effect of percutaneous intranodal lymphography in patient with chylous leakage.Methods:The clinical data of percutaneous intranodal lymphography in patients with chylous leakage from January 2019 to November 2019 in Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 8 patients (5 males and 3 females, median age 64 years old) were enrolled. Four patients were iatrogenic chylothorax, 3 patients iatrogenic chyloperitoneum, and 1 patient chyloperitoneum with unknown cause. All 8 patients were received inguinal lymph nodes puncture under ultrasound guidance, and contrast agent iodinated oil was injected for lymphography. The procedure complications were recorded and the follow-up data were collected for efficacy assessment.Results:The percutaneous intranodal lymphography was successfully performed in all patients (8/8). The median amount of iodinated oil used was 17.5 ml; the median operation time was 88 min, without complications found during the procedure. The results of percutaneous intranodal lymphography was positive in 5/8 cases, of which chylothorax and chyloperitoneum was 4/4 and 1/4, respectively. Four cases with chylothorax showed contrast extravasation at different level of thoracic duct, and 1 case after pancreatic cancer resection showed contrast extravasation at L3-4 level. The chylous leakage was treated in 5 patients (5/8) during and resolved after percutaneous intranodal lymphography, with 3 chylothorax and 2 chyloperitoneum cases, respectively.Conclusion:Percutaneous intranodal lymphography is a safe and effective lymphography method for the diagnosis of chylous leakage, and also has application values in the treatment of chylous leakage.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 456-459, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868302

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the feasibility of prenatal MRI in evaluating fetal auricle developmental malformation and atresia of external auditory canal.Methods:Fifteen pregnant women (aged from 22 to 40 years old, mean age 31.3±5.2 years old) with fetal external ear developmental malformation suspected by ultrasound underwent MR scanning between November 2017 and May 2019. All of them were singleton. The gestational age ranged from 23 weeks to 35 weeks, with an average of (27.5±3.5) weeks. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MRI and ultrasound in the diagnosis of fetal auricle malformation and atresia of external auditory canal were calculated and compared, using postnatal follow-up as the gold standard. Fisher exact test was used to compare the efficacy of MRI and ultrasound in diagnosing atresia of external auditory canal.Results:A total of 30 fetal external ears were detected in 15 fetuses, without auricle absence. Totally 19 external ears with developmental malformation were confirmed by postnatal follow-up, including 19 ears with auricle malformation and 15 ears with external auditory canal atresia. The accuracy of MRI and ultrasound in the diagnosis of auricle malformation was both 100% (19/19). For the diagnosis of external auditory canal atresia, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MRI and ultrasound were 93.3% (14/15), 75.0% (3/4), 89.5% (17/19) and 33.3% (5/15), 25.0% (1/4), 31.6% (6/19), respectively. The sensitivity and accuracy of MRI in the diagnosis of atresia of external auditory canal were significantly higher than those of ultrasound, with statistically significant difference ( P=0.004, 0.001). Conclusion:MRI plays an important role in the diagnosis of fetal external ear developmental malformation, which can be used as an effective supplement to ultrasound, especially for the diagnosis of external auditory atresia.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 235-240, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868272

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate alterations of periventricular pseudocysts (PVPC) on MRI before and after birth, and to assess the prognosis.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the data of 67 cases that were diagnosed with PVPC on prenatal MRI, of which 24 cases were lost to follow-up, 2 died after birth. A total of 41 surviving fetuses were included in this prognosis study. The gestational ages in this group were between 23 and 39 weeks, with an average of (33±3) weeks.All the subjects underwent brain MRI examinations and Gesell Developmental Scale (GDS) testing between 0-3 years of age. According to the location of cysts and with or without other intracranial and extracranial malformations (dilated ventricles orcerebella medulla, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, TORCH virus infection, corporal hypoplasia, chromosomal malformations and nodular sclerosis) , the patients were divided into four groups: isolated connatal cysts, connatal cysts with additional findings,isolated subependymal pseudocysts, and subependymal pseudocysts with additional findings.The MR images were independently reviewed by two radiologists blinded to the clinical information. Intraclass correlation efficient (ICC) was used to analyze the consistency between the two reviewers.Chi-square test was used to compare the location of cysts (single/bilateral), the number of cyst cavities (single/multi-chamber), and other abnormalities in the connatal cyst group and subependymal cyst group. The mean anteroposterior diameter and mean height of cysts between the connatal cyst group and subependymal cyst group were compared by independent sample t-test.The ANOVA test was used to compare the differences in GDS outcomes among the groups. Multiple comparisons were conducted using the LSD test. Results:Inter-observer agreements between the two radiologists were good for the collected data (all ICC>0.75). Eleven isolated connatal cysts and 7 connatal cysts with additional findings became smaller or disappeared, and all had good prognosis. Of the 14 isolated subependymal cysts, 12 became smaller or disappeared, 2 had no change in size, and 13 had good prognosis. The subependymal cysts with additional findings group included 9 cases: 6 became smaller or disappeared, only 3 showed no apparent changes, and 7 had an abnormal outcome. Subependymal cysts with additional findings were significantly reduced and patients demonstrated significant differences compared with the those with isolated subependymal cysts in the development quotients (DQ) of adaptability, large movements, fine movements, personal social interaction, and language DQ ( P all<0.05). DQ between patients with isolated connatal cysts and isolated subependymal cysts was comparable ( P all>0.05). When associated with additional findings, connatal cysts and subependymal cysts could induce significant different DQ outcome ( P all<0.05). Conclusions:Isolated PVPC usually become smaller or disappeared and have a benign presentation after birth, whereas patients with subependymal cysts with additional findings usually have a poor prognosis. Connatal cysts usually have a good prognosis.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 575-589, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774967

ABSTRACT

Due to the critical correlation between inflammation and carcinogenesis, a therapeutic candidate with anti-inflammatory activity may find application in cancer therapy. Here, we report the therapeutic efficacy of celastrol as a promising candidate compound for treatment of pancreatic carcinoma naïve neutrophil membrane-coated poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether--poly(lactic--glycolic acid) (PEG-PLGA) nanoparticles. Neutrophil membrane-coated nanoparticles (NNPs) are well demonstrated to overcome the blood pancreas barrier to achieve pancreas-specific drug delivery . Using tumor-bearing mice xenograft model, NNPs showed selective accumulations at the tumor site following systemic administration as compared to nanoparticles without neutrophil membrane coating. In both orthotopic and ectopic tumor models, celastrol-loaded NNPs demonstrated greatly enhanced tumor inhibition which significantly prolonged the survival of tumor bearing mice and minimizing liver metastases. Overall, these results suggest that celastrol-loaded NNPs represent a viable and effective treatment option for pancreatic carcinoma.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1965-1973, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802778

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Recent studies have shown the important influence of various micro factors on the general biological activity and function of endothelial cells (ECs). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiogenin (ANG) are classic micro factors that promote proliferation, differentiation, and migration of ECs. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms and related pathways of these micro factors remain the focus of current research.@*Data sources@#An extensive search was undertaken in the PubMed database by using keywords including "micro factors" and "endothelial cell." This search covered relevant research articles published between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2018.@*Study selection@#Original articles, reviews, and other articles were searched and reviewed for content on micro factors of ECs. Results: VEGF and ANG have critical functions in the occurrence, development, and status of the physiological pathology of ECs. Other EC-associated micro factors include interleukin 10, tumor protein P53, nuclear factor kappa B subunit, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor. The results of Gene Ontology analysis revealed that variations were mainly enriched in positive regulation of transcription by the RNA polymerase II promoter, cellular response to lipopolysaccharides, negative regulation of apoptotic processes, external side of the plasma membrane, cytoplasm, extracellular regions, cytokine activity, growth factor activity, and identical protein binding. The results of the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis revealed that micro factors were predominantly enriched in inflammatory diseases.@*Conclusions@#In summary, the main mediators, factors, or genes associated with ECs include VEGF and ANG. The effect of micro factors on ECs is complex and multifaceted. This review summarizes the correlation between ECs and several micro factors.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755987

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy of different vascular recanalization methods for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Methods The clinical data of AIS patients receiving vascular recanalization therapy in Beijing Hospital from January 2010 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Among 141 AIS patients, 64 received intravenous thrombolysis (IVT group), 57 received endovascular treatment (EVT group) and 20 received intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular treatment (IVT+EVT group). The efficacy and safety of therapy were compared among three groups. Results There were no significant differences in the risk factors of cerebrovascular diseases among 3 groups (P>0.05). The National Institute of Health Stroke Scale(NIHSS) scores [M(Q1,Q3)] of patients in the IVT group, EVT group and IVT+EVT group were 9.5 (6.0, 15.0), 15.0 (9.0,19.0) and 14.0(8.3,17.0), respectively (Z=7.19, P<0.05). The time from onset to treatment in the three groups was 205.0 (156.3, 254.3) min, 260.0 (170.0, 401.5) min, and 137.5 (90.3, 137.5) min, respectively (Z=22.83, P<0.01). The proportion of large arteries occlusion was lower in IVT group (32.8%, 21/64), compared with EVT group (86.0%, 49/57) and IVT+EVT group (95.0%, 19/20) (χ2=46.77, P<0.01). The proportion of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage in IVT group was lower than EVT and IVT+EVT group [1.6% (1/64) vs. 15.8% (9/57) and 10.0% (2/20), χ2=8.36, P<0.05]. The favorable outcome rates in IVT, EVT and IVT+EVT groups at the 90 d (mRS score≤2) were 57.8% (37/64), 45.6% (26/57) and 40.0%(8/20), respectively (χ2=2.79, P=0.24). The fatality rates in three groups were 10.9% (7/64), 19.3% (11/57) and 5.0% (1/20), respectively (χ2=2.84, P=0.21). Conclusions Intravenous thrombolysis, endovascular therapy and bridging therapy have similar effects on the prognosis of AIS. Mild severity of AIS patients are more likely to benefit from intravenous thrombolysis. AIS patients with severe disease are usually combined with large artery occlusion, and more suitable for endovascular treatment and bridging treatment.

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