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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 765-780, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011276

ABSTRACT

A major challenge facing photodynamic therapy (PDT) is that the activity of the immune-induced infiltrating CD8+ T cells is subject to the regulatory T lymphocytes (Tregs), leaving the tumor at risk of recurrence and metastasis after the initial ablation. To augment the antitumor response and reprogram the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME), a supramolecular photodynamic nanoparticle (DACss) is constructed by the host-guest interaction between demethylcantharidin-conjugated β-cyclodextrin (DMC-CD) and amantadine-terminated disulfide-conjugated FFVLGGGC peptide with chlorin e6 decoration (Ad-ss-pep-Ce6) to achieve intelligent delivery of photosensitizer and immunomodulator for breast cancer treatment. The acid-labile β-carboxamide bond of DMC-CD is hydrolyzed in response to the acidic TME, resulting in the localized release of DMC and subsequent inhibition of Tregs. The guest molecule Ad-ss-pep-Ce6 can be cleaved by a high level of intracellular GSH, reducing photosensitizer toxicity and increasing photosensitizer retention in the tumor. With a significant increase in the CTL/Treg ratio, the combination of Ce6-based PDT and DMC-mediated immunomodulation adequately achieved spatiotemporal regulation and remodeling of the TME, as well as improved primary tumor and in situ lung metastasis suppression with the aid of PD-1 antibody.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 350-364, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011241

ABSTRACT

Recent clinical studies have shown that mutation of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) gene in cancer cells may be associated with immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) and poor response to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy. Therefore, efficiently restoring PTEN gene expression in cancer cells is critical to improving the responding rate to ICB therapy. Here, we screened an adeno-associated virus (AAV) capsid for efficient PTEN gene delivery into B16F10 tumor cells. We demonstrated that intratumorally injected AAV6-PTEN successfully restored the tumor cell PTEN gene expression and effectively inhibited tumor progression by inducing tumor cell immunogenic cell death (ICD) and increasing immune cell infiltration. Moreover, we developed an anti-PD-1 loaded phospholipid-based phase separation gel (PPSG), which formed an in situ depot and sustainably release anti-PD-1 drugs within 42 days in vivo. In order to effectively inhibit the recurrence of melanoma, we further applied a triple therapy based on AAV6-PTEN, PPSG@anti-PD-1 and CpG, and showed that this triple therapy strategy enhanced the synergistic antitumor immune effect and also induced robust immune memory, which completely rejected tumor recurrence. We anticipate that this triple therapy could be used as a new tumor combination therapy with stronger immune activation capacity and tumor inhibition efficacy.

3.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 2-2, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010715

ABSTRACT

The human oral microbiome harbors one of the most diverse microbial communities in the human body, playing critical roles in oral and systemic health. Recent technological innovations are propelling the characterization and manipulation of oral microbiota. High-throughput sequencing enables comprehensive taxonomic and functional profiling of oral microbiomes. New long-read platforms improve genome assembly from complex samples. Single-cell genomics provides insights into uncultured taxa. Advanced imaging modalities including fluorescence, mass spectrometry, and Raman spectroscopy have enabled the visualization of the spatial organization and interactions of oral microbes with increasing resolution. Fluorescence techniques link phylogenetic identity with localization. Mass spectrometry imaging reveals metabolic niches and activities while Raman spectroscopy generates rapid biomolecular fingerprints for classification. Culturomics facilitates the isolation and cultivation of novel fastidious oral taxa using high-throughput approaches. Ongoing integration of these technologies holds the promise of transforming our understanding of oral microbiome assembly, gene expression, metabolites, microenvironments, virulence mechanisms, and microbe-host interfaces in the context of health and disease. However, significant knowledge gaps persist regarding community origins, developmental trajectories, homeostasis versus dysbiosis triggers, functional biomarkers, and strategies to deliberately reshape the oral microbiome for therapeutic benefit. The convergence of sequencing, imaging, cultureomics, synthetic systems, and biomimetic models will provide unprecedented insights into the oral microbiome and offer opportunities to predict, prevent, diagnose, and treat associated oral diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phylogeny , Biomimetics , Dysbiosis , Homeostasis , Mass Spectrometry
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3471-3488, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011111

ABSTRACT

As known, the benefits of photothermal therapy (PTT) are greatly limited by the heat tolerance of cancer cells resulting from overexpressed heat shock proteins (HSPs). Then HSPs further trigger the formation of stress granules (SGs) that regulate protein expression and cell viability under various stress conditions. Inhibition of SG formation can sensitize tumor cells to PTT. Herein, we developed PEGylated pH (low) insertion peptide (PEG-pHLIP)-modified hollow copper sulfide nanoparticles (HCuS NPs) encapsulating the SG inhibitor ISRIB, with the phase-change material lauric acid (LA) as a gate-keeper, to construct a pH-driven and NIR photo-responsive controlled smart drug delivery system (IL@H-PP). The nanomedicine could specifically target slightly acidic tumor sites. Upon irradiation, IL@H-PP realized PTT, and the light-controlled release of ISRIB could effectively inhibit the formation of PTT-induced SG to sensitize tumor cells to PTT, thereby increasing the antitumor effect and inducing potent immunogenic cell death (ICD). Moreover, IL@H-PP could promote the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), repolarizing them towards the M1 phenotype and remodeling the immunosuppressive microenvironment. In vitro/vivo results revealed the potential of PTT combined with SG inhibitors, which provides a new paradigm for antitumor and anti-metastases.

5.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 135-138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979180

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the screening results of spinal problems in children and adolescents aged 6-18 years and the influencing factors of scoliosis to provide reference for the prevention of spinal problems in children and adolescents. Methods Stratified cluster random sampling was used to screen the prevalence of scoliosis among kindergarten to senior high school students in Shiyan city, and a questionnaire survey was conducted among subjects or parents. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors affecting the occurrence of scoliosis. Results A total of 1 674 children and adolescents were investigated, and 113 cases of scoliosis were detected, with a detection rate of 6.75%. The probability of scoliosis was 1.92% (13/678), 5.35% (28/523) and 17.76% (72/473) in elementary school, junior high school and senior high school students, respectively. The detection rate of scoliosis gradually increased with the increase of education level (χ2 for trend = 5.272, P 12 h (63.72%), daily electronic product use time > 2 h (67.26%), high physical activity > 1 time/d (42.48%) in the past 7 d, and daily outdoor activity time ≤ 2 h (62.83%) were higher than those in the group without scoliosis (P 12 hours (OR=3.258 , 95% CI: 2.562-11.247), daily electronic product use time>2 hours (OR=2.619, 95% CI: 1.935-5.508) , Heavy physical activity in the past 7 days (OR=1.724, 95% CI: 1.347-2.966) , Daily outdoor activity ≤2 h(OR=1.830,95% CI: 1.463-3.103)is a risk factor for scoliosis in children and adolescents (P<0.05). Conclusions The occurrence of scoliosis in children and adolescents is related to gender, nutritional status, and learning habits, and it is necessary to strengthen the screening of high-risk groups in order to reduce the occurrence of scoliosis.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2176-2187, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982833

ABSTRACT

Intelligent responsive drug delivery system opens up new avenues for realizing safer and more effective combination immunotherapy. Herein, a kind of tumor cascade-targeted responsive liposome (NLG919@Lip-pep1) is developed by conjugating polypeptide inhibitor of PD-1 signal pathway (AUNP-12), which is also a targeted peptide that conjugated with liposome carrier through matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) cleavable peptide (GPLGVRGD). This targeted liposome is prepared through a mature preparation process, and indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) inhibitor NLG919 was encapsulated into it. Moreover, mediated by the enhanced permeability and retention effect (EPR effect) and AUNP-12, NLG919@Lip-pep1 first targets the cells that highly express PD-L1 in tumor tissues. At the same time, the over-expressed MMP-2 in the tumor site triggers the dissociation of AUNP-12, thus realizing the precise block of PD-1 signal pathway, and restoring the activity of T cells. The exposure of secondary targeting module II VRGDC-NLG919@Lip mediated tumor cells targeting, and further relieved the immunosuppressive microenvironment. Overall, this study offers a potentially appealing paradigm of a high efficiency, low toxicity, and simple intelligent responsive drug delivery system for targeted drug delivery in breast cancer, which can effectively rescue and activate the body's anti-tumor immune response and furthermore achieve effective treatment of metastatic breast cancer.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 36-42, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970233

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the outcomes including major complications and prognosis of extremely preterm infants with gestational age ≤25+6 weeks. Methods: The cross-sectional study enrolled 233 extremely preterm infants with gestational age ≤25+6 weeks who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology of Shenzhen Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital from January 2015 to December 2021. The clinical data including perinatal factors, treatments, complications, and prognosis were extracted and analyzed. These extremely preterm infants were also grouped according to gestational age and year of admission to further analyze their survival rate, major complications, causes of death, and long-term outcomes. The comparisons between the groups were performed with Chi-square test and Kruskal-Wallis. Results: Among these 233 extremely preterm infants, 134 (57.5%) were males and 99 (42.5%) females. The gestational age was (24.6±0.9) weeks, the birth weight was 710.0 (605.0,784.5) g, and the overall survival rate was 61.8% (144/233). Among the surviving extremely preterm infants, the earliest gestational age was 22+2 weeks and the lowest birth weight was 390 g. There were 17.6% (41/233) of extremely preterm infants had treatment withdrawn and were discharged in line with the will of guardians. Among the rest 192 extremely preterm infants managed with aggressive treatments, 14 (7.3%) died in hospital and 34 (17.7%) had treatment withdrawn later due to severe complications. Of the 192 extremely preterm infants, 144 (75.0%) survived, and the survival rate increased year by year (χ2=26.28, P<0.001) while the mortality decreased year by year (χ2=14.09, P=0.027). Among the survivors, 20.8%(30/144) had no major complications, and the incidence of complications was also negatively related with the gestational age (χ2=7.24, P=0.044), and the length of invasive ventilation was negatively related to the gestational age (χ2=29.14, P<0.001). In the group of less than 23+6 weeks, all extremely preterm infants had one or more major complications. The follow-up were completed in 122 infants and revealed that delayed motor development, language retardation, and hearing and vision impairment accounted for 17.2% (21/122), 8.2% (10/122) and 17.2% (21/122), respectively. Conclusions: Extremely preterm infants with gestational age ≤25+6 weeks are difficult to treat, but the survival rate of infants undergoing aggressive treatments increases year by year. Although the prevalence of major complications is still high, most extremely preterm infants have acceptable prognosis during follow-up.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Birth Weight , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Premature , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 849-853, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994777

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with spontaneous low intracranial pressure (SIH).Methods:The study is a retrospective series. The clinical data of patients with SIH who visited Beijing Hospital from May 2017 to March 2022, including gender, age, symptoms, signs, imaging findings, treatment and outcome, were collected and their clinical characteristics were analyzed.Results:Finally, 8 patients with SIH, 6 females and 2 males, aged (33.5±7.3) years, were included. There were 6 cases of acute onset, 1 case of subacute onset, and 1 case of chronic onset. Four cases had pre-onset triggers, 3 cases were exertional and 1 case was exercise. All 8 cases had orthostatic headache. Three cases were accompanied by neck pain. Six cases were accompanied by autonomic dysfunction, 1 case with blurred vision and neck resistance, and 1 case with tinnitus in both ears. There were no obvious abnormalities in blood routine, liver and kidney function, electrolytes, and coagulation function in 8 cases. The results of the lumbar puncture showed that the cerebrospinal fluid pressure was≤60 mmH 2O(1 mmH 2O=0.009 8 kPa) in 7 cases, and 2 cases were so low that they were undetectable. One patient had normal cerebrospinal fluid pressure (90 mmH 2O). The routine results of cerebrospinal fluid showed 4 cases of an increased number of red blood cells and 2 cases of leukocytosis. The biochemical results of cerebrospinal fluid in all 8 cases were normal. All 8 patients underwent non-contrast MRI scan of the head, and 6 cases found abnormalities, including 2 cases of subdural hematoma, 1 case of subarachnoid hemorrhage, 1 case of brain tissue sinking, and 3 cases of intracranial venous sinus dilation (including 1 case with subdural hematoma). All 8 patients underwent MRI enhancement scan of the head, and 5 patients showed diffuse dural enhancement. Three patients underwent digital subtraction angiography myelogram and computed tomography myelogram, and 2 cases found dural cerebrospinal fluid leakage. One patient underwent magnetic resonance water imaging and no cerebrospinal fluid leakage was found. Eight patients were followed up for 38.5 (10.3, 63.0) months, after conservative treatment, 6 cases of headache relief or disappearance, 1 case relapsed and was admitted 1 week after discharge, non-targeted epidural blood patching (EBP) did not relapse, 1 case underwent non-targeted EBP after conservative treatment failure, headache relief, recurrence after 2 months, thoracic spine 3-4 space targeted EBP, headache disappeared, did not recur. Conclusions:The present study indicate that SIH prevalence in young age is common, the main symptom is orthostatic headache, accommodated with multiple clinical symptoms with various imaging abnormalities. Most patients with SIH can be treated conservatively, if the effect is not good, non-targeted or targeted EBP is feasible.

9.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 710-714, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994758

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze risk factors for unfavorable outcomes after recanalization of large vessel occlusion (LVO) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods:Patients with AIS-LVO who underwent recanalization treatment (including intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular intervention) at the Stroke Unit of Beijing Hospital from August 2018 to January 2022 were consecutively enrolled. According to the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at 90-day follow-up after recanalization treatment, participants were classified as unfavorable outcomes (mRS>2) and favorable outcomes (mRS≤2). Baseline clinical data of enrolled patients was collected, and step-wise multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent risk factors for unfavorable outcomes after recanalization in AIS-LVO patients.Results:A total of 212 AIS-LVO patients were enrolled, including 86 females (41.35%), with an average age of 72.9 years. There were 75 patients in the favorable outcome group and 137 patients in the unfavorable outcome group. Compared with the favorable outcome group, the unfavorable outcome group had a higher average age, a higher proportion of females and patients with atrial fibrillation, higher baseline NIHSS, higher systolic blood pressure, and higher blood creatinine and D-dimer levels (all P<0.05). After adjusting for age and atrial fibrillation as confounding factors, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that female ( OR=2.859, 95% CI: 1.202-6.799, P=0.018), higher baseline NIHSS ( OR=14.417, 95% CI: 6.269-33.158, P<0.001), higher pre-treatment systolic blood pressure ( OR=1.034, 95% CI: 1.015-1.054, P=0.001), higher emergency blood creatinine level ( OR=1.378, 95% CI: 1.105-1.719, P=0.005), and higher D-dimer level ( OR=3.594, 95% CI: 1.290-10.014, P=0.014) were independent risk factors for unfavorable outcomes after recanalization treatment in patients with AIS-LVO. Conclusion:Female, higher NIHSS, higher systolic blood pressure, higher blood creatinine level and D-dimer level are independent risk factors for unfavorable functional outcomes at 90 days after recanalization treatment of large vessel occlusion in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

10.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 480-485, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994732

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the long-term follow-up results and the risk factors of bleeding among very elderly patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).Methods:A total of 177 patients with NVAF admitted in Beijing Hospital from January 2016 to July 2016 were enrolled in the study, including 107 very elderly patients (aged≥80 years) and 70 elderly patients (aged 65-80 years). The demographic information, comorbid diseases, lifestyles, antithrombotic therapy, thromboembolism risks, bleeding risks, and medical history were documented. Patients were followed up for 5 years and the events of death, thromboembolism, bleeding and major bleeding were recorded.Results:There was no significant difference in the incidence of thromboembolic events between the two groups (15.9%(17/107) vs. 14.3%(10/70), P>0.05). The proportions of bleeding events and severe bleeding events in the very elderly group were higher than those in the elderly group (45.8%(49/107) vs.10.0%(7/70), 14.0%(15/107) vs. 1.4%(1/70), both P<0.05). According to the bleeding events during follow-up, very elderly patients were divided into bleeding group ( n=49) and non-bleeding group ( n=58). Compared with the non-bleeding group, patients in the bleeding group had an older age, a higher proportion of chronic cardiac insufficiency, chronic kidney disease, malignant tumor, bleeding history and higher bleeding risk score (HAS-BLED score) (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that age, HAS-BLED score, history of bleeding, and complicated malignant tumor were independent risk factors for bleeding events in very elderly patients with NVAF (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Very elderly patients with NVAF have a similar risk of thromboembolism compared with the younger elderly, but have significantly higher risk of the bleeding and major bleeding. Age, HAS-BLED score, bleeding history, and malignant tumor are independent risk factors for bleeding events in very elderly NVAF patients.

11.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1126-1133, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986640

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects and mechanisms of molecular targeted drug combination on multi-driven proliferation hepatocellular carcinoma SK-Hep-1 cells. Methods Four molecular targeted drugs (HG6-64-1, Dasatinib, Crizotinib, and Sunitinib) were used to treat SK-Hep-1 cells, and the monophasic kinetic analysis curve and two-phase analysis curve were drawn. Western blot analysis was used to detect the effects of the above drugs on key signaling pathways in SK-Hep-1 cells. MTT assay was used to detect the effects of the above drugs and their combination on the proliferation of SK-Hep-1 cells. Results Compared with the monophasic kinetic analysis curve, the biphase analysis curve could better fit the effects of molecular targeted drugs on SK-Hep-1 cells, which predicted that the combination of HG6-64-1, Dasatinib, and MK-2206 could effectively inhibit the proliferation of SK-Hep-1 cells. Conclusion Two-phase kinetic analysis can quantitatively describe the response of multi-driven proliferation hepatocellular carcinoma SK-Hep-1 cells to molecular targeted therapy. The combination of HG6-64-1, Dasatinib, and MK-2206 is a potential drug combination for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.

12.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 474-480, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To confirm the efficacy and safety of cinepazide maleate injection in acute ischemic stroke patients with obvious motor function deficit.Methods:This study is a subgroup analysis of multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase Ⅳ clinical trial. A total 812 patients of acute ischemic stroke with obvious limb motor deficit [motor function of limbs score in National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) ≥4] were enrolled in this subgroup analysis. Patients received either cinepazide maleate injection or placebo. The treatment period was 14 days and follow-up was 90 days. The efficacy endpoints included the proportions of patients with a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score ≤2, mRS score ≤1 and Barthel Index <95 on day 90. Safety was evaluated by recording all adverse events, monitoring vital signs, laboratory parameters and electrocardiogram.Results:A total of 732 patients were involved in the final efficacy analysis (361 in cinepazide maleate group and 371 in control group). The baseline limb motor function score of NIHSS was 5.23±1.43 in the cinepazide maleate group whereas 5.20±1.36 in the control group. Logistic regression analysis showed that following treatment for 90 days, the proportion of patients with a mRS score ≤2 was significantly higher in the cinepazide maleate group than in the control group [56.0% (202/361) vs 44.2% (164/371), OR=0.60, 95% CI 0.44-0.82, P=0.002]. The proportion of patients with a mRS score ≤1 was higher in the cinepazide maleate group than in the control group [43.3% (139/361) vs 35.2% (118/371), OR=0.69, 95% CI 0.50-0.97, P=0.031]. The proportion of patients with a Barthel Index <95 on day 90 was significantly lower in the cinepazide maleate group than in the control group [45.2% (145/361) vs 55.2% (185/371), OR=0.64, 95% CI 0.46-0.88, P=0.007]. During the treatment and follow-up period, the incidence of the most common adverse events in the cinepazide maleate group was 50.4% (199/395). Constipation and abnormal liver function were more common, but there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups. Conclusion:Cinepazide maleate injection is superior to placebo in improving neurological function and activities of daily living, reducing disability, and promoting functional recovery and safe in patients with acute ischemic stroke with obvious limb motor deficit.

13.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 916-920, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957662

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the blood pressure change in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and hypertension treated with cinepazide maleate injection.Methods:This was a subgroup analysis of post-marketing clinical confirmation study of cinepazide maleate injection for acute ischemic stroke: a randomized, double-blinded, multicenter, placebo-parallel controlled trial, which conducted in China from August 2016 to February 2019. Eligible patients fulfilled the inclusive criteria of acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke with National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores of 7-25. The primary endpoints were mean blood pressure of AIS patients treated with cinepazide maleate or control, which were assessed during the treatment period (14 days), and the proportion of the patients with normal blood pressure was analyzed after the treatment period. Furthermore, a subgroup analysis was performed to investigate a possible effect of the history of hypertension on outcomes.Results:This analysis included 809 patients with hypertension. There was no significant difference in patients blood pressure and the proportion of patients with normal blood pressure (60.5% vs. 59.0%, P>0.05) between cinepazide maleate group and control group. Conclusion:Administration of cinepazide maleate injection does not affect the management of clinical blood pressure in patients with AIS.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 604-609, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873789

ABSTRACT

After entering the physiological environment, proteins and other biomolecules bind to the nanoparticles' surface, called protein corona. The corona establishes a new bio-interface that affects its physicochemical properties and biological behaviors. Variations in types and contents of human plasma proteins during the different physiological states can substantially change the composition and effects of the corona. With folic acid (FA)-modified polylactic acid-polyglycolic acid copolymer (PLGA) nanoparticles, the formation of protein coronas and their influence on the targeting capability are studied in healthy and ovarian human plasma. All human plasma samples were collected at the Peking University Third Hospital and this study protocol has been approved by Peking University Third Hospital Medical Science Research Ethics Committee (2019-409-1). Dynamic light scattering measurements demonstrated a 10-40 nm increase in their size distributions and a 30 mV decreased in their absolute zeta-potential since protein corona-coated PLGA-PEG and PLGA-FA were formed. The SDS-PAGE analysis showed the composition of the protein coronas from ovarian and healthy plasma in PLGA-FA were markedly distinct, particularly for proteins with molecular weight of 45, 110 and >180 kDa. Flow cytometry indicated that the absorption of ovarian plasma in PLGA-FA led to a lower cellular uptake by SKOV3 cells. Our results suggest that in vitro formed ovarian plasma protein corona could shield targeting molecules and reduced receptor-mediated internalization. The results of this pilot study will provide evidence of the effectiveness of active targeting nanoparticles under pathologic conditions. Additionally, the protein corona in different diseases is emerging as a key point; thus, a comprehensive understanding could accelerate clinical translation of functionalized nanoparticles.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 410-415, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888635

ABSTRACT

Biodegradable vascular stents have better biocompatibility than drug-eluting stents. The blood vessels are rebuilt and degraded after normal physiological functions are restored. Due to it will not stay in the body for a long time and the patients don't need taking anti-rejection drugs all the time, it becomes the focus of attention in the treatment of coronary heart disease. This article introduced the development history of biodegradable stents and reviewed the research status of several different materials of vascular stents (animals or humans)


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Absorbable Implants , Drug-Eluting Stents , Stents
16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 522-527, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884449

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility and the application values of quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) for the assessment of meniscal injury and in distinguishing meniscus degeneration and tears.Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 70 patients suspected of meniscus injury and scheduled for arthroscopy in Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University from November 2019 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Thirty age-and sex-matched healthy subjects were also examined as controls. All subjects received knee joint QSM and routine MR imaging. According to the results of arthroscopy, the patients was divided into meniscus degeneration and meniscus tear groups, respectively. The conventional MR was evaluated by two radiologists. The meniscus injury area was delineated on the original QSM magnitude images (the central area of the posterior corner of the lateral meniscus was selected in the healthy controls) and mapped to the corresponding QSM maps, and the magnetic susceptibility values were measured. Kruskal-Wallis H test was used to analyze the magnetic sensitivity values of meniscal degeneration, meniscal tear and healthy control groups; and Bonferroni was used to correct the pairwise comparison. ROC curve was established to evaluate the threshold and efficacy of magnetic susceptibility value in the diagnosis of meniscal tear. The results were compared with those of conventional MRI. Results:The magnetic susceptibility values of meniscus of healthy controls, meniscal degeneration and meniscal tear groups were (0.035±0.016)ppm, -0.031(-0.040,-0.005)ppm, and(-0.122±0.115)ppm, respectively, with significant difference found among the three groups (χ2=44.419, P<0.05). The magnetic susceptibility values of meniscus of healthy controls was significantly higher than those of meniscus degeneration patients and meniscus tear patients (χ2=-23.843, -48.253, P<0.05). The magnetic susceptibility values of meniscus of meniscus tear group was significant lower than those of meniscus degeneration group (χ2=-24.410, P<0.05). Taking magnetic susceptibility values of -0.062 5 ppm as threshold, the area under the ROC curve for the diagnosis of meniscal tears was 0.949, with the sensitivity as 87% and the specificity as 100%. The sensitivity and specificity of conventional MRI in the diagnosis of meniscal tears were 86.8% and 87.5%, respectively. Conclusion:QSM can quantitatively evaluate meniscus injury and can be used as an effective supplement method to conventional MRI, which is helpful to improve the diagnosis of meniscus tear.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 534-539, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884443

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the preventive efficacy of pirfenidone in esophageal stent-related restenosis and the related underlying mechanisms.Methods:Twenty-four rats underwent esophageal stent placement were included in this study. The rats were randomly assigned to three groups, with 8 rats in each group. The three groups were set to receive placebo, 150 mg/kg pirfenidone and 300 mg/kg pirfenidone daily by oral administration for 28 days, respectively. Twenty-eight days after stent placement, the stented esophagi were harvested for histological examinations. The number of epithelial layers, the thickness of submucosal fibrosis, the percentage of granulation tissue area, the degree of inflammatory cell infiltration, the degree of collagen deposition, and the α-SMA staining scores were evaluated. One-way ANOVA was performed for the statistical comparison of the number of epithelial layers, the degree of inflammatory cell infiltration, the degree of collagen deposition and the α-SMA staining scores among these three groups. The Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of the thickness of submucosal fibrosis and the percentage of granulation tissue area among the three groups. Results:Gross pathological findings showed that both pirfenidone groups had significantly less luminal fibrotic tissue formation and restenosis than placebo group. The percentage of granulation tissue areas in placebo group, 150 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg pirfenidone groups were 57.23%±25.68%, 21.80%±6.65% and 12.18%±6.37%, respectively. Both pirfenidone groups showed significantly less granulation tissue areas than placebo group ( P<0.01). The degree of inflammatory cell infiltration, the degree of collagen deposition and the α-SMA staining scores were 3.28±0.55, 3.38±0.63 and 2.75±0.38 in placebo group, 2.30±0.46, 2.36±0.58 and 2.00±0.42 in 150 mg/kg pirfenidone group, and 1.86±0.38, 1.91±0.41 and 1.57±0.28 in 300 mg/kg pirfenidone group, respectively. Both pirfenidone groups showed significantly less inflammatory cell infiltration, collagen deposition and α-SMA staining scores than placebo group ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Pirfenidone can suppress esophageal stent-related restenosis in rats by significantly inhibiting inflammation, myofibroblast activation and proliferation, and fibrotic tissue formation.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 415-419, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of DWI with background suppression (DWIBS) in evaluating the injury of the low limb nerves in patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS).Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 30 patients with GBS and 30 healthy volunteers matched with their age and gender in Zibo Central Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received lower limb nerve electrophysiological examination and all subjects received lower limb nerve DWIBS examination one week later. The display of tibial nerve and common peroneal nerve after DWIBS image reconstruction in normal volunteers and GBS patients was scored by two senior radiologists. Kappa consistency test was used to analyze the consistency of the two senior radiologists′ scores. One-way ANOVA was used to compare the motor nerve conduction velocity (MCV) and motor nerve conduction amplitudes of tibial nerve and common peroneal nerve in patients with GBS among different DWIBS scores. Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between DWIBS tibial nerve and common peroneal nerve scores and electrophysiological parameters in patients with GBS.Results:In the DWIBS images of 30 healthy volunteers, 60 tibial nerves and common peroneal nerves showed clear, sharp edges, good signal intensity, uniformity, and the scores were 4. The consistency between the two radiologists was good (Kappa value=1.0). In the 60 tibial nerves and common peroneal nerves of 30 GBS patients, 53 tibial nerves and 52 common peroneal nerves showed abnormal changes in varying degrees, including blurred edges, distortions, difficulty in recognition, and weakened signal strength, etc. The consistency between the two readers was good (Kappa value=0.879,0.863,respectively.).With the decrease of DWIBS score, the MCV and motor nerve conduction amplitude values of tibial nerves and common peroneal nervesin GBS patients decreased, and the differences between the score groups were statistically significant ( P<0.01). The scores of tibial nerves and common peroneal nerves in DWIBS were positively correlated with MCV ( r=0.83, 0.84, respectively, P<0.05) and motor nerve conduction amplitude ( r=0.81, 0.79, respectively, P<0.05). Conclusion:DWIBS could provide a three dimensional visualization of tibial nerves and common peroneal nerves, and evaluate the disorders of peripheral nerves in patients with GBS. There has correlation between the scores of tibial nerves and common peroneal nerves in DWIBS with electrophysiology parameters.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 835-847, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881172

ABSTRACT

Localized delivery, comparing to systemic drug administration, offers a unique alternative to enhance efficacy, lower dosage, and minimize systemic tissue toxicity by releasing therapeutics locally and specifically to the site of interests. Herein, a localized drug delivery platform ("plum‒pudding" structure) with controlled release and long-acting features is developed through an injectable hydrogel ("pudding") crosslinked

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 146-151, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780560

ABSTRACT

Melanoma is a malignant tumor with a high degree of malignancy. The incidence of melanoma keeps increasing annually. In this study, a melanoma targeted hyaluronic acid (HA) nanogel was synthesized via crosslinking of thiolated HA with terminally functionalized F127-TPGS mixed micelles. Its stability in vitro was evaluated by the average particle size, and the cytotoxicity of the nanogel was investigated by in vitro cell based assays. Next, cell uptake studies were performed to quantitatively and qualitatively investigate the uptake of the nanogels in B16F10 cells. A small sized nanogel with a diameter of 30 nm was synthesized, which was proven to be minimally cytotoxic against both 3T3 or B16F10 cells. Compared with 3T3 cells with low levels of CD44, B16F10 cells with high levels of CD44 showed significantly higher cell uptake efficiency (P<0.05).

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