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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 271-280, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005277

ABSTRACT

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, recurrent, inflammatory, and pruritus skin disease caused by multiple internal and external factors, ranking first in the global burden of skin diseases. Due to the adverse reactions and high costs of conventional treatments and biologics, the development of natural products has attracted much attention. The nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway is a key pathway for inhibiting inflammation and modulating immunity. This paper summarizes the pharmacological effects and molecular mechanisms of natural products such as flavonoids, alkaloids, phenols, terpenoids, coumarins, glycosides, and anthraquinones via NF-κB signaling pathway, aiming to provide guidance for the development of natural products. Basic studies have shown that natural products have high safety and efficacy. Oral or topical administration of natural products can regulate the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1)/receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE), and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) signaling pathways to exert anti-inflammatory, anti-allergy, antioxidant activities, thus reversing the pathological changes of AD. However, it is worth noting that the clinical application of natural products is still insufficient, and more rigorous clinical trials are still needed to verify their effects. The basic experiments and clinical evidence prove that natural products may play a role in alleviating AD, which provide a basis for evaluating the functioning mechanism of natural active substances and enrich the candidates for the development of potential drugs.

2.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 1092-1096, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005947

ABSTRACT

In the past, the use of neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer did not exhibit survival benefits and was not recommended by the practicing guidelines. In recent years, with the emergence of novel hormonal therapeutics such as Abiraterone, Enzalutamide, Apalutamide and Darolutamide, the interest for neoadjuvant therapy has been reignited. Here, we summarize the four categories of neoadjuvant therapy with new hormonal agents, and discuss how to evaluate the efficacy and explore the molecular mechanism after neoadjuvant therapy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 570-574, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994231

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of edaravone on the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB) signaling pathway in the hippocampus of aged rats with postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD).Methods:Sixty SPF healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 20 months, weighing 650-700 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=15 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), POCD group (group P), edaravone group (group E) and ERK inhibitor group (group I). The rats received laparotomy under 3% sevoflurane anesthesia to prepare POCD model in P, E and I groups. Edaravone 3 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 30 min before operation in E and I groups, ERK inhibitor PD98059 0.3 mg/kg was injected via the tail vein in group I. The open field test was performed at 3 days after operation to evaluate the spontaneous activity of rats, then Morris water maze test was performed to evaluate the cognitive function of rats on 3-7 days after operation. The rats were sacrificed after the end of Morris water maze test, and hippocampal tissues were obtained for determination of the expression of phosphorylated ERK (p-ERK), phosphorylated CREB (p-CREB), synaptophysin and postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD-95) (by Western blot) and dendrite length and density of dendrites in hippocampal CA1 area (using Golgi staining). Results:Compared with group C, the escape latency was significantly prolonged after operation, the number of crossing the original platform was reduced, the expression of p-ERK, p-CREB, synaptophysin and PSD-95 was down-regulated, and the dendritic length and density of hippocampal neurons were reduced in group P ( P<0.05). Compared with group P, the escape latency was significantly shortened, the number of crossing the original platform was increased, the expression of p-ERK, p-CREB, synaptophysin and PSD-95 was up-regulated, and the dendritic length and density of hippocampal neurons were increased in group E ( P<0.05). Compared with group E, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, the number of crossing the original platform was reduced, the expression of p-ERK, p-CREB, synaptophysin and PSD-95 was down-regulated, the dendritic length of hippocampal neurons was shortened, and the density of hippocampal neurons was decreased in group I( P<0.05). Conclusions:The mechanism by which edaravone improves POCD may be related to activating ERK/CREB signaling pathway and changing synaptic plasticity in hippocampal CA1 region in aged rats.

4.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 432-436, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994210

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/serine threonine protein kinase (Akt)/mammalian rapamycin target protein (mTOR) signaling pathway in edaravone-induced reduction of postoperative cognitive dysfunction in aged rats.Methods:Sixty healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 20 months, weighing 600-700 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=15 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), operation group (group O), edaravone group (group E) and PI3K inhibitor LY294002 group (group LY). The rats received laparotomy under 3% sevoflurane anesthesia in O, E and LY groups. Edaravone 3 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 30 min before operation in E and LY groups, and LY294002 0.3 mg/kg was simultaneously injected via the tail vein in group LY. Open field test was performed at 3 days after surgery to evaluate the spontaneous activity of rats, then Morris water maze test was performed to evaluate the cognitive function of rats. The rats were sacrificed after the end of behavioral experiment to isolate hippocampal tissues for determination of the expression of phosphorylated PI3K (p-PI3K), phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR), synaptophysin (SYP) and postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD 95) (by Western blot ) and dendrite length in hippocampal CA1 area (using Golgi staining). The density of dendrites was calculated. Results:There were no statistically significant differences in exercise speed, distance, and time of staying at the center between the four groups ( P>0.05). Compared with group C, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, the number of crossing the original platform was reduced, the expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, p-mTOR, SYP and PSD-95 was down-regulated, the dendritic length of neurons in hippocampal CA1 region was shortened, and the density of neurons in hippocampal CA1 region was decreased in group O ( P<0.05). Compared with group O, the escape latency was significantly shortened, the number of crossing the original platform was increased, the expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, p-mTOR, SYP and PSD-95 was up-regulated, the dendritic length of neurons in hippocampal CA1 region was prolonged, and the density of neurons in hippocampal CA1 region was increased in group E ( P<0.05). Compared with group E, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, the number of crossing the original platform was reduced, the expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, p-mTOR, SYP and PSD-95 was down-regulated, and the dendritic length of neurons in hippocampal CA1 region was shortened, and the density of neurons in hippocampal CA1 region was decreased in group LY ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The mechanism by which edaravone reduces postoperative cognitive dysfunction is related to activating PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and improving synaptic plasticity in aged rats.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 381-382, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994044

ABSTRACT

Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy is the first line treatment for complete staghorn calculi, but there are risks such as renal function damage, bleeding, and infection. A case of complete staghorn calculi 8.3 cm×4.5 cm and mean CT value of 1 321 HU was reported. Urine culture suggested proteus mirabilis infection. The patient was given sensitive antibiotics for 3 days, and was treated with one session of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic lithotripsy with intelligent control of renal pelvic pressure. KUB on the first postoperative day showed residual stones of 1.0 cm×0.5 cm. There were no complications.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 42-46, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993969

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of modified "double flaps" pyeloplasty and traditional dismembered pyeloplasty in the treatment of special types of hydronephrosis with small pelvis and long proximal ureteral stricture in children.Methods:The data of 39 children with special types of hydronephrosis treated in Seventh Medical Center, General Hospital of PLA from June 2018 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 33 were boys and 6 were girls. The median age of the patients was 12.0(4.5, 63.5) months. Nine of them had left hydronephrosis and four children had right hydronephrosis. These patients with small pelvis existed the characteristics that the anteroposterior diameter of pelvis was smaller than 2.5 cm and these patients existed the symptom of hematuria, flank pain or recurrent urinary tract infection with the imaging revealing ureteral obstruction. The length of proximal ureteral stenosis ranged from 2.0 to 4.0 cm. Among 39 cases, 19 cases were operated with modified "double flaps" pyeloplasty, which was the modified "double flaps" pyeloplasty group. 20 cases were operated with traditional Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty, which was traditional pyeloplasty group. The technique of modified "double flaps" pyeloplasty mainly included that the renal pelvis was cut into double flaps, the inferior flap was anastomosed with the spatulated ureter and the superior was covered, so that the length and caliber of the ureter were partial extended. The median age of two groups were 12.0 (6.0, 44.0) months and 12.0 (4.8, 62.8) months respectively, the anterior and posterior diameter of renal pelvis were (2.8±0.8)cm and (2.6±0.6)cm respectively, and split renal function were (36.7±5.1)% and (36.0±6.8)% respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in above parameters between the two groups( P>0.05). The clinical efficacy of the two groups were compared by collecting and comparing the operation related data and postoperative follow-up data. Results:The operation of 39 children in this study was successfully completed without conversion to open surgery.The operation time of "double flap" pyeloplasty group and traditional pyeloplasty group were (142.6±9.6) min and (124.5±8.6) min respectively, and the intraoperative anastomosis time were (56.1±7.2) min and (47.6±4.8) min respectively. There were significant difference in operation time and intraoperative anastomosis time between the two groups( P<0.05). Thirty-nine children were followed up normally without loss. The mean follow-up time was (27.7±2.5) months after surgery. In the "double flaps" pyeloplasty group, 2 cases suffered with fever who were diagnosed as urinary tract infection and improved after antibiotic treatment. In the traditional pyeloplasty group, 2 cases suffered with fever who were diagnosed as urinary tract infection and improved after antibiotic treatment. Two children had flank pain during follow-up to more than one year and the examination revealed that the anteroposterior diameter of the renal pelvis gradually increased. So surgery were performed again and the two children recovered. There were no significant differences in complication rate (2/19 and 4/20) and short-term surgical success rate(19/19 and 18/20) between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The operation time and anastomosis time of the modified "double flap" technique for treating hydronephrosis are longer than those of the traditional method. But in the treatment of special types of hydronephrosis with small renal pelvis or long proximal ureteral stricture, it may have application prospects in reducing complications.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 479-483, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984647

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the incidence of bloodstream infections, pathogen distribution, and antibiotic resistance profile in patients with hematological malignancies. Methods: From January 2018 to December 2021, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics, pathogen distribution, and antibiotic resistance profiles of patients with malignant hematological diseases and bloodstream infections in the Department of Hematology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University. Results: A total of 582 incidences of bloodstream infections occurred in 22,717 inpatients. From 2018 to 2021, the incidence rates of bloodstream infections were 2.79%, 2.99%, 2.79%, and 2.02%, respectively. Five hundred ninety-nine types of bacteria were recovered from blood cultures, with 487 (81.3%) gram-negative bacteria, such as Klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Eighty-one (13.5%) were gram-positive bacteria, primarily Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Enterococcus faecium, whereas the remaining 31 (5.2%) were fungi. Enterobacteriaceae resistance to carbapenems, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone sodium/sulbactam, and tigecycline were 11.0%, 15.3%, 15.4%, and 3.3%, with a descending trend year on year. Non-fermenters tolerated piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone sodium/sulbactam, and quinolones at 29.6%, 13.3%, and 21.7%, respectively. However, only two gram-positive bacteria isolates were shown to be resistant to glycopeptide antibiotics. Conclusions: Bloodstream pathogens in hematological malignancies were broadly dispersed, most of which were gram-negative bacteria. Antibiotic resistance rates vary greatly between species. Our research serves as a valuable resource for the selection of empirical antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteremia/epidemiology , Cefoperazone , Sulbactam , Retrospective Studies , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Hematologic Neoplasms , Sepsis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Piperacillin, Tazobactam Drug Combination , Escherichia coli
8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 751-755, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973995

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the potential categories of harmful behaviors of college students in Wuling Mountain Area and its relationship with campus bullying, so as to provide a theoretical basis for promoting the development of college students physical and mental health.@*Methods@#The stratified random cluster sampling method was used to select 3 042 college students from six universities in Wuling Mountain Area from October to December, 2022. The "Chinese Youth Health Related/Risk Behaviors Questionnaire" (University Edition) compiled by the National Youth Health Related/Risk Behaviors Survey Group was used to investigate the health risk behaviors. The potential category analysis method was used to analyze the food preference, insecurity, fighting, loneliness, depression, insomnia, heartbreak, suicidal ideation, smoking, drinking, game addiction, Internet addiction of health risk behaviors were used to further analyze the relationship between different categories and campus bullying by using multi category Logistic regression method.@*Results@#College students in Wuling Mountain Area were classified into low risk group of category 1 (44.2%), category 2 (5.4%) substance dependent group, category 3(50.4%) emotional disorder group. The distribution of potential categories of health risk behaviors among college students was statistically significant by gender( χ 2=31.44, 11.69, P < 0.05 ). Logistic regression analysis showed that after controlling demographic variables, campus bullying was the risk factor of category 3 emotional disorder group( OR =1.88, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#bullying. Colleges and universities should attach great importance to the occurrence of campus bullying, formulate intervention programs for different categories of health hazard behaviors, and promote the healthy development of college students physical and mental health.

9.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 360-364, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982749

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of posterior nasal neurectomy(PNN) with pharyngeal neurectomy (PN) on chronic sinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP)complicated with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR). Methods:83 patients with perennial allergic rhinitis combined with chronic group-wide sinusitis with nasal polyps who attended our hospital from July 2020 to July 2021 were selected. All patients underwent conventional functional endoscopic sinusitis surgery(FESS)+ nasal polypectomy. Patients were divided according to whether they underwent PNN+PN. 38 cases in the experimental group underwent FESS combined with PNN+PN; 44 cases in the control group underwent conventional FESS alone. All patients underwent the VAS, RQLQ, and MLK before treatment, and at 6 months and 1 year after surgery. Meanwhile, other relevant data were collected and the preoperative and postoperative follow-up data were collected and analyzed to assess the differences between the two groups. Results:The total postoperative follow-up period was 1 year. The recurrence rate of nasal polyps at 1 year postoperatively and the nasal congestion VAS score at 6 months postoperatively were not statistically significant in the two groups(P>0.05). However, the patients in the experimental group had statistically significantly lower effusion and sneezing VAS scores, MLK endoscopy scores and RQLQ scores at 6 months and 1 year postoperatively, and nasal congestion VAS scores at 1 year postoperatively compared to the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion:For patients with perennial AR complicated with CRSwNP, the combination of the PNN+PN in FESS can significantly improve the short-term curative effect, and PNN+PN is a safe and effective surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasal Polyps/surgery , Rhinitis, Allergic/surgery , Sinusitis/surgery , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial , Endoscopy , Denervation , Chronic Disease , Rhinitis/complications
10.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 415-421, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991032

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and prognostic factors of Neodymium doped: Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Nd:YAG ) laser combined with Erbium:Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Er:YAG) laser assisted subgingival scaling root planing (SRP) in the treatment of periodontitis.Methods:A prospective research method was adopted. A total of 66 patients with periodontitis treated in Hebei Chest Hospital from August 2018 to August 2020 were selected and divided into experimental group and control group according to the random number table method, with 33 cases in each group. The control group was treated with SRP, and the experimental group received Er:YAG laser curettage combined with root surface leveling on the basis of SRP, and irradiated the periodontal pocket with Nd:YAG laser. The changes of periodontal clinical indicators and cytokine levels in gingival crevicular fluid were examined before treatment, 4 weeks and 12 weeks after treatment. The patients were divided into PD<3 mm group and PD ≥ 3 mm group according to the probing depth (PD) of periodontal pocket after 12 weeks of treatment, the clinical data of the two groups were compared and analyzed, and the Logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze the risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with periodontitis after laser treatment.Results:After 4 and 12 weeks of treatment, the PD, clinical attachment loss (CAL), sulcus bleeding index (SBI) and plaque index (PLI) of the two groups were significantly lower than those before treatment ( P<0.05), and the PD, CAL, SBI and PLI in experimental group were significantly lower than those in control group, after 4 weeks of treatment: (3.36 ± 0.21) mm vs. (3.91 ± 0.39) mm, (4.14 ± 0.67) mm vs. (4.75 ± 0.73) mm, (1.83 ± 0.20) scores vs. (2.58 ± 0.17) scores, (1.29 ± 0.24) scores vs. (1.61 ± 0.52) scores; after 12 weeks of treatment: (3.04 ± 0.28) mm vs. (3.66 ± 0.54) mm, (3.91 ± 0.47) mm vs. (4.68 ± 0.66) mm, (0.88 ± 0.06) scores vs. (1.35 ± 0.14) scores, (1.05 ± 0.31) scores vs. (1.57 ± 0.56) scores, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). After 12 weeks of treatment, the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in gingival crevicular fluid in experimental group were significantly decreased compared with those in control group: (2.95 ± 0.19) μg/L vs. (4.32 ± 0.84) μg/L, (2.63 ± 0.82) μg/L vs. (3.58 ± 0.51) μg/L, (12.42 ± 1.19) μg/L vs. (13.26 ± 0.68) μg/L, (4.15 ± 1.12) ng/L vs. (5.36 ± 0.42) ng/L, (2.65 ± 0.08) ng/L vs. (4.12 ± 0.19) ng/L, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05), while the level of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) was significantly increased compared with that in control group: (51.35 ± 8.95) ng/L vs. (44.90 ± 5.84) ng/L, and the differences between the groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the clinical indexes PD, SBI, PLI, IL-6, IL-8, TNF- α, MMP-8, IL-1β and crown root ratio of gingival crevicular fluid were all the risk factors for prognosis of periodontitis treated with dual wavelength laser ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Nd:YAG laser combined with Er:YAG laser assisted SRP can obtain good curative effect in the treatment of periodontitis. Periodontal clinical indexes PD, SBI, PLI, gingival crevicular fluid IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α, MMP-8, IL-1β level and crown root ratio were independent risk factors for the prognosis of periodontitis treated with dual wavelength laser.

11.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 128-132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970833

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The relationship between the distal screws and the wrist articular surface was assessed by the additional lateral oblique fluoroscopic view during the operation, and the dorsal tangential view of the wrist was used to observe whether the distal screw penetrated the dorsal cortex, so as to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the volar locking plate in the treatment of distal radius fractures.@*METHODS@#From January 2020 to June 2021, 45 cases of fresh distal radius fractures were treated using the volar Henry's approach, including 20 males and 25 females, aged from 32 to 75 years old with an average of (52.4±8.1) years old. During the operation, they were divided into 2 groups according to the different intraoperative fluoroscopic views:the control group of 20 cases, treated with standard anteroposterior and lateral fluoroscopic view;25 cases in the observation group, additional lateral oblique fluoroscopic view and dorsal tangential view of the wrist were taken. The wrist joint function score and postoperative complications were evaluated at 6 weeks, 3 and 6 months after operation between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All 45 patients were followed up and the duration ranged from 6 to 14 months, with an average of (10.8±1.7) months, all patients achieved bone union and the incision healed well. The incidence of postoperative complications in the observation group was lower than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). In terms of Gartland-Werley score of wrist joint function, the score of wrist function in the observation group was (4.58±1.31) at 6 weeks, (2.98±0.63) at 3 months and (1.95±0.65) at 6 months post-operatively, which were better than those in the control group (6.32±1.96) at 6 weeks, (3.63±0.76) at 3 months and (2.43±0.73) at 6 months. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). In the observation group, 7/25 cases(28%) were found to have screw penetration during the operation by additional lateral oblique and dorsal tangential radiograph fluoroscopic views of wrist.@*CONCLUSION@#The addition of lateral oblique and dorsal tangential during the operation could improve the accuracy of distal screw placement, reduce postoperative complications, and achieve early functional exercise.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Wrist Fractures , Radius Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fluoroscopy/methods , Bone Plates , Postoperative Complications
12.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 889-894, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995340

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the development and application of gastrointestinal endoscopy technology in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region from 2016 to 2020, and the impact of the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic on gastrointestinal endoscopy screening and lesion detection rate of medical institutions.Methods:Data of gastroscopy and colonoscopy cases from 26 cooperative institutions in BTH Region Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Medical Association from January 2016 to December 2020 were collected by questionnaire. The number of gastrointestinal endoscopy, the detection of main lesions (including upper gastrointestinal malignant tumors, early gastric cancer and colon cancer), and the number of endoscopic treatment were retrospectively analyzed by year.Results:From 2016 to 2019, the number of gastroscopy and colonoscopy showed a yearly increasing trend with an annual growth rate of over 10%. Compared with 2019, the number of gastroscopy and colonoscopy decreased by 10.86% and 8.29%, respectively, in 2020 due to the impact of the epidemic. The annual detection rates of upper gastrointestinal malignant tumors, early gastric cancer and colon cancer were on a rise, from 7.22%, 1.49% and 8.98% in 2016 to 9.87%, 2.71% and 12.04% in 2020, respectively. The number of gastroscopic mucosal resection, submucosal dissection and colonoscopic endoscopic submucosal dissection increased yearly, from 2 132, 300 and 217 cases in 2016 to 5 466, 872 and 560 cases in 2020, respectively.Conclusion:The Medical Association has promoted the expansion of endoscopic screening and the application of endoscopic treatment techniques, resulting in a continuous increase in the endoscopy detection rate and early cancer diagnosis rate in the BTH region. The sharp decrease of gastrointestinal endoscopy procedures and the increase in the lesion detection rate in 2020 reflect the impact of epidemic COVID-19 on detection of gastrointestinal cancers.

13.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 30-35, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934131

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of mucosal vascular pattern (MVP) in colonic epithelial proliferation of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) under narrow-band imaging (NBI) colonoscopy.Methods:From December 1, 2012 to January 31, 2015, 42 patients with UC visiting Peking Union Medical College Hospital and receiving NBI colonoscopy were selected. The images of 119 colorectal lesions of all the patients under the conventional white light and NBI endoscopy were collected and at least one biopsy of each lesion was obtained for histological assessment. All the endoscopic images were randomly allocated to one endoscopist (associated chief physician) for the MVP and the Mayo endoscopic score (MES) assessment. The degree of mucosal inflammation was graded from 0 to 4 according to the histological colitis score. The degree and distribution of Ki-67 expression were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining. Student-Newman-Keuls (SNK)- q test and Spearman rank correlation analysis were used for statistical analysis. Results:Under NBI colonoscopy, the MVP of patients with UC was divided into clear type, obscure type and absent type. According to the morphology of mucosal glandular duct, the absent type was divided into crypt opening subtype and villous subtype. There was a positive correlation between MVP under NBI mode and the MES under white light mode ( r=0.80, P<0.001). The Ki-67 staining indexes of MVP obscure type, absent type, crypt opening subtype and villous subtype of absent type were all higher than that of MVP clear type (30.3±12.8, 45.9±12.5, 45.5±12.1 and 46.3±13.1 vs. 15.6±7.3), and the differences were statistically significant (SNK- q test, all P<0.001); and the Ki-67 staining indexes of MVP absent type, crypt opening subtype and villous subtype of MVP absent type were all higher than that of MVP obscure type, and the differences were statistically significant (SNK- q test, all P<0.001). There was a positive correlation between the MVP type under NBI colonoscopy and the distribution of Ki-67 expression ( r=0.49, P<0.001). The Ki-67 staining indexes of inflammation grade 2, 3 and 4 were higher than that of grade 1 (28.8±10.9, 40.2±11.6 and 49.5±10.3 vs. 17.1±8.4), and the difference was statistically significant (SNK- q test, all P<0.001); the Ki-67 staining indexes of inflammation grade 3 and 4 were higher than that of grade 2, and Ki-67 staining index of inflammation grade 4 was higher than that of grade 3, and the differences were statistically significant (SNK- q test, all P<0.001). The distribution of Ki-67 expression was positively correlated with the degree of histological inflammation ( r=0.56, P<0.001). Conclusions:The MVP under NBI colonoscopy may indirectly predict the colonic epithelial proliferation of patients with UC, which may be closely related to the degree of mucosal inflammation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 301-302, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933218

ABSTRACT

Three children with Skene duct cyst were presented in this article. By reviewing literature, in pediatric population, Skene duct cycts mostly occur in newborns and conservative therapy is the first choice in this group.In contrast, it is extremely rare between the ages of 1 and 12, and surgical excised is the preferred therapy because of having a similar pathogenesis to adults.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 62-66, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical features and treatment strategy of congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistula.Methods:A total of 7 cases with congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistula were repaired by surgery between January 2006 and February 2019 in Affiliated Children’s Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University. The median age was 30 (18-92) months. All of cases had a intact prepucs and a normal external urethal meatus located at the tip of glans. Fistula located at subcoronal culus in 2 cases, midshaft in 3 cases, penioscrotal region in 1 case, scrotum in 1 case, respectively.Defect longitudinal diameter was 0.5-1.5cm. Associated anomalies including division of scrotum in 3 cases, penile chordee in 2 cases, urethral meatus stenosis in 1 case, right hydrocele in 1 case. Six cases had underwent one-stage fistula repair incluing Duplay procedure in 4 cases(case 1, 2, 4 and 6), Onlay preputial flap in 1 case(case 3), TIP repair with dorsal plication for straightening and urethrotomy in 1 case(case 5). Case 7 had underwent a two-stage repair, which received Duckett flap repair with urethrostomy simultaneously at the base of the penis, and the defect was closed in second procedure. All of neourethras were reinforced by soft tissues from different places.Results:Of 6 cases with one-stage repair, the catheter was removed 10-14 days after surgery in 5 cases. Removal of the catheter was delayed until 3 weeks in case 3 because of poor wound healing. Case 7 received Duckett flap repair with urethrostomy in the initial surgery, who recovered uneventfully and was resolved during the second operation. No recurrence, urethral stricture or chordee occurence were noted in all after a 1-8 years followup period.Conclusions:Congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistula have a high overall success rate.Duplay could be applied to cases without penile curvature, and well-developed urethral plate. Onlay or TIP is more suitable for cases with narrow urethral plate. The principle of hypospadias repair should be followed for those cases with severe penile curvature.

16.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 262-266, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931608

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of gradual decompression in the treatment of severe traumatic brain injury and its effects on the improvement of intracranial pressure.Methods:The clinical data of 120 patients with severe traumatic brain injury who received treatment in the General Hospital of Taiyuan Iron and Steel (Group) Co., Ltd. from January 2015 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The included patients were divided into decompressive craniectomy group (control group, n = 64) and gradual decompression group ( n = 56). Intracranial pressure was compared between the two groups at different time points (before surgery, during the surgery, immediately after surgery, 3 and 6 months after surgery). The patient's self-care ability, coma degree, and neurological deficits pre-surgery and 6 months after surgery were evaluated in each group. The incidence of complications throughout the surgery and within 6 months after surgery was calculated to evaluate the quality of life. Results:There was no significant difference in intracranial pressure pre-surgery between the two groups ( P > 0.05). Intracranial pressure in the gradual decompression group was (30.74 ± 2.51) mmHg, (25.11 ± 2.06) mmHg, (21.34 ± 2.01) mmHg, and (16.74 ± 1.54) mmHg respectively during the surgery, immediately after surgery, and 3 and 6 months after surgery, which was significantly lower than that in the control group [(34.31 ± 3.06) mmHg, (30.64 ± 2.57) mmHg, (26.33 ± 2.35) mmHg, (22.64 ± 1.95) mmHg, t = 12.88, 19.03, 12.40, 18.20, all P < 0.001]. There were no significant differences in scores of the Modified Barthel Index (MBI), the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) pre-surgery between the two groups (all P > 0.05). At 6 months after surgery, the MBI and GCS scores increased and the NIHSS score decreased in each group. There were significant differences in the NIHSS, MBI, and GCS scores between the two groups ( t = 7.61, 6.26, 13.07, all P < 0.001). During the surgery and 6 months after surgery, the incidences of cerebral infarction, delayed cerebral hematoma, and acute encephalocele were significantly lower in the gradual decompression group than in the control group ( χ2 = 4.23, 4.35, 4.83, all P < 0.05). The Generic Quality of Life Inventory-74 Questionnaire scores in environment, psychological health, social relationship, and psychological health domains were significantly higher in the gradual decompression group than in the control group ( t = 8.16, 9.80, 8.68, 7.76, all P < 0.001) Conclusion:This study is the first to analyze the feasibility of gradual decompression for the treatment of severe traumatic brain injury in terms of intracranial pressure, quality of life, and short- and medium-term complications. Findings from this study confirm that gradual decompression can effectively lower intracranial pressure of patients with severe traumatic brain injury, improve neurological function, reduce complications, and improve patients' self-care ability and quality of life.

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 621-627, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) in differentiating between autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and pancreatic cancer (PC).Methods:Data of 133 patients with AIP and 113 patients with PC who underwent EUS because of obstructive jaundice at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2013 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed in the study, and were randomly divided into either a derivation sample or a validation sample using 1∶1 allocation according to the random number. In the derivation sample, 10 EUS characteristics were used to construct a prediction model to distinguish between AIP and PC, in which predictors were identified by multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis and predictive efficacy was evaluated by receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis. The predictive efficacy was assessed in the validation sample. In view of the subjectivity in the judgment of diffuse/focal hypoechogenicity, 2 prediction models were designed in order to avoid bias.Results:By multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis, diffuse hypoechogenicity ( OR=591.0, 95% CI: 98.8->999.9, P<0.001) and vessel involvement ( OR=11.9, 95% CI: 1.4-260.2, P=0.023) were identified as statistically significant predictors for distinguishing AIP from PC. EUS characteristics excluding diffuse/focal hypoechogenicity were stepped by logistic regression, which showed that hyperechoic foci/strands ( OR=177.3, 95% CI: 18.7->999.9, P<0.001), pancreatic duct dilation ( OR=60.5, 95% CI: 6.2->999.9, P=0.004), bile duct wall thickening ( OR=35.4, 95% CI: 3.7->999.9, P=0.009), lymphadenopathy ( OR=16.8, 95% CI: 1.7-475.2, P=0.038) and vessel involvement ( OR=22.7, 95% CI: 2.0-725.7, P=0.028) were statistically significant predictors to distinguish the two diseases. Both prediction models were built in the derivation sample, with area under the ROC curve of 0.995 and 0.979 respectively. In the validation sample, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of both prediction models were all >90% by using the optimal cutoff value. Even for discrimination between focal AIP and PC, sensitivity and accuracy of both models were >90%, and specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were all >85%. Conclusion:The 2 prediction models have good differential predictive value, and EUS is a useful tool to differentiate between AIP and PC.

18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1454-1458, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955688

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the results of blind evaluation of dissertation of three-year doctors and eight-year medical doctors, and to explore the improvement measures of eight-year program education.Methods:The data analysis method was manipulated. A total of 47 eight-year doctoral and 88 three-year doctoral dissertations submitted by the first clinical college of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in 2020 were selected as the research material. SPSS 17.0 was used to perform Chi-square test to compare the itemized evaluation opinions of the dissertation, Spearman test was used to analyze the correlation between the defense opinions, itemized evaluation opinions and the overall evaluation.Results:The gap between eight-year and three-year doctoral dissertation is mainly manifested in innovation and research value ( χ2=9.10, P=0.003), topic and review ( χ2=5.70, P=0.017), while there is no significant difference in the overall assessment and oral defense suggestion. The main influencing factor of dissertation defense suggestion for both doctors was the dissertation standardization (eight-year: r s=0.53, P<0.001; three-year: r s=0.45, P<0.001). The evaluation results of eight-year doctor dissertation were closely related to basic knowledge and scientific research ability ( r s=0.74, P<0.001). Conclusion:There is no significant difference between eight-year doctors and full-time doctors in research attitude. But there was a certain gap in scientific research and innovation ability among them. It is suggested to clarify the teaching objectives, formulate and refine the evaluation system of dissertations, and strengthen the cultivation of scientific research interest and academic belief of eight-year study program.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 204-213, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940404

ABSTRACT

This scoping review aimed to summarize the application information and clinical studies of oral Chinese patent medicines. The oral Chinese patent medicines in treating lung cancer were screened out by searching pf the drug directory, related guidelines, and medical information websites. The data including functions, application, ingredients, and prices of these medicines were collected. Six public databases were searched with the time interval of establishment to August 22, 2021 for collection of the clinical studies of oral Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of lung cancer. The expert consensuses, systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, non-randomized controlled trials, and non-controlled trials were selected for analysis. A total of 104 oral Chinese patent medicines were screened out, including 31 capsules, 16 granules, 20 oral liquids, 17 tablets, 17 pills, and 3 ointments, in which altogether 198 herbal medicines were involved. The single-dose prices of 2, 36, and 66 medicines were > CNY 100, CNY 10-100, and < CNY 10, respectively. There were 410 clinical studies associated with 48 oral Chinese patent medicines, which were published from 1986 to 2021. These publications included 1 expert consensus, 21 systematic reviews, 277 randomized controlled trials, 87 non-randomized controlled trials, and 24 non-controlled trials. In the clinical studies, the Chinese patent medicines were usually applied in combination with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The evaluation of primary outcomes focused on 9 indicators including clinical efficacy, quality of life, and incidence of side effects. In conclusion, the oral Chinese patent medicines demonstrated significant advantages in the treatment of lung cancer, and the relevant clinical trials were increasing year by year, with multiple outcome indicators being evaluated. More comprehensive and standardized clinical studies need to be designed for oral Chinese patent medicines in treating lung cancer in the future.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2461-2470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937057

ABSTRACT

Rocuronium bromide is an acetylcholine N2 receptor antagonist, which can be used as an auxiliary drug for general anesthesia. It has been reported that rocuronium has two possible metabolic pathways: N-dealkylation and O-deacetylation, which are mainly taken up by liver and excreted by bile in the form of primary drugs. In this paper, the metabolites of rocuronium in human bile were detected by UHPLC-QE-orbitrap-MS, thirteen metabolites were detected, including eleven phase I metabolites and two phase II metabolites, eleven of which had not been previously reported. At the same time, HEK293 cells overexpressing transporter were used to explore the transmembrane transport mechanism of rocuronium, the results showed that rocuronium was the substrate of MATE1, OCT1, OATP1B1 and OATP1B3. The above research results enrich the metabolic pathway of rocuronium in vivo, and put forward the possible transport mechanism of liver uptake and bile excretion, which can better guide the accurate and safe clinical drug application. The collection of human bile samples in this study was approved by the ethics committee of Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Approval Number: 2019-775-130-01).

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