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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 214-224, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005436

ABSTRACT

Based on UPLC-Q-orbitrap-MS and biological network analysis tools, the mechanism of Xihuang Pill in improving hyperplasia of mammary glands was systematically analyzed. The rat model of hyperplasia of mammary glands was established by intramuscular injection of estradiol benzoate and progesterone. LC-MS tissue metabolomics was used to explore the key metabolites and metabolic pathways of Xihuang Pill in improving hyperplasia of mammary glands in rat. The network analysis of the key metabolites regulated by Xihuang Pill was carried out by integrating biological network analysis tools, focusing on the key metabolic pathways, and exploring the potential targets of Xihuang Pill to improve hyperplasia of mammary glands. Compared with the control group, there were significant differences in the content of 49 differential metabolites in the tissues of the model group (P < 0.05). Xihuang Pills could significantly call back 17 metabolites such as L-alanine, threonine, indole-3-carboxylic aldehyde, lysine, arginine, alanylleucine, glycyltyrosine, γ-glutamyl leucine, vitamin B3, serine leucine, threonine leucine, isoleucine glutamic acid, γ-glutamyl tyrosine, decanoyl-L-carnitine, uric acid, leucylleucine, S-adenosyl-methionine. Further network analysis and literature research on the key metabolites regulated by Xihuang Pills showed that the AGE-RAGE signaling pathway may be one of the important pathways for Xihuang Pills to improve hyperplasia of mammary glands. STAT3, MAPK1, EGFR, CASP3, CASP8, PRKCA and JUN in the AGE-RAGE signaling pathway may be potential targets for Xihuang Pills to improve hyperplasia of mammary glands. The animal experiment operations involved in this paper follow the provisions of the Animal Ethics Committee of Gansu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and pass the ethical review of animal experiments (approval number: 2022-705).

2.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 139-143, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971286

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the safety and efficacy of Neuroform Atlas stent used in treatment of unruptured wide-neck intracranial aneurysms.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 62 patients with unruptured wide-neck intracranial aneurysms undergoing Neuroform Atlas stent-assisted coiling from August 2020 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 64 aneurysms in those 62 patients. Among them, 25 aneurysms were located at the bifurcation of M1 segment on middle cerebral artery, 16 at the anterior communicating artery, 10 at the C7 segment of internal carotid artery, 5 at the C6 segment of internal carotid artery, 4 at the apex of basilar artery, 3 at the A3 segment of anterior cerebral artery, and 1 at the M2 segment of middle cerebral artery. All the patients underwent Neuroform Atlas stent-assisted coiling, including 49 patients with single stent assisted coiling and 15 patients with dual stents assisted coiling (14"Y"style and 1"X"style). After the procedure, the immediate DSA was performed to evaluate the status of aneurysm occlusion and the parent artery patency. The clinical follow-up was performed 3 months after the operation and evaluated based on the modified Rankin Scale(mRS).DSA image was reviewed at 6 months after operation and Raymond grading scale was used to assess the status of aneurysm occlusion and the parent artery patency.@*RESULTS@#A total of 62 patients with 64 aneurysms were all achieved technical success(100%).The immediate post-procedural Raymond scale was assessed, including Raymond Ⅰ in 57 aneurysms(89.1%, 57/64), Raymond Ⅱ in 6 aneurysms(9.3%, 6/64) and Raymond Ⅲ in 1 aneurysm(1.6%, 1/64). The peri-procedural complications rate was 4.8%(3/62), 2 patients developed intraoperative thrombosis and 1 patient suffered from local subarachnoid hemorrhage. Among them, 55 patients obtained 3 months clinical follow-up after operation and all the patients had good outcomes (mRS≤2), 50 patients with 52 aneurysms were followed up with DSA 6 months after operation, including Raymond Ⅰ in 45 aneurysms(86.5%, 45/52), Raymond Ⅱ in 4 aneurysms(7.7%, 4/52) and Raymond Ⅲ in 3 aneurysms(5.8%, 3/52).@*CONCLUSION@#Neuroform Atlas stent for the treatment of unruptured wide-neck intracranial aneurysms has high safety and good efficacy, and has its advantages over other traditional stents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Stents/adverse effects , Cerebral Angiography
3.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 45-52, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971148

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the family rehabilitation model for children with scar contracture after hand burns and observe its efficacy. Methods: A retrospective non-randomized controlled study was conducted. From March 2020 to March 2021, 30 children with scar contracture after deep partial-thickness to full-thickness burns of hands, who met the inclusion criteria, were hospitalized in the Burn Center of PLA of the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University. According to the rehabilitation model adopted, 18 children (23 affected hands) were included in a group mainly treated by family rehabilitation (hereinafter referred to as family rehabilitation group), and 12 children (15 affected hands) were included in another group mainly treated by hospital rehabilitation (hereinafter referred to as hospital rehabilitation group). In the former group, there were 11 males and 7 females, aged (4.8±2.1) years, who began rehabilitation treatment (3.1±0.8) d after wound healing; in the latter group, there were 7 males and 5 females, aged (4.6±2.1) years, who began rehabilitation treatment (2.8±0.7) d after wound healing. The children in hospital rehabilitation group mainly received active and passive rehabilitation training in the hospital, supplemented by independent rehabilitation training after returning home; after 1-2 weeks of active and passive rehabilitation training in the hospital, the children in family rehabilitation group received active and passive rehabilitation training at home under the guidance of rehabilitation therapists through WeChat platform. Both groups of children were treated for 6 months. During the treatment, they wore pressure gloves and used hand flexion training belts and finger splitting braces. Before treatment and after 6 months of treatment, the modified Vancouver scar scale, the total active movement of the hand method, and Carroll quantitative test of upper extremity function were used to score/rate the scar of the affected hand (with the difference of scar score between before treatment and after treatment being calculated), the joint range of motion (with excellent and good ratio being calculated), and the function of the affected limb, respectively. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, equivalence test, Fisher's exact probability test, and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: The differences of scar scores of the affected hands of children in family rehabilitation group and hospital rehabilitation group between after 6 months of treatment and those before treatment were 3.0 (2.0, 7.0) and 3.0 (2.0, 8.0) respectively (with 95% confidence interval of 2.37-5.38 and 1.95-5.91). The 95% confidence interval of the difference between the differences of the two groups was -2.43-2.21, which was within the equivalent boundary value of -3-3 (P<0.05). The excellent and good ratios of joint range of motion of the affected hand of children in family rehabilitation group and hospital rehabilitation group were 3/23 and 2/15 respectively before treatment, and 15/23 and 12/15 respectively after 6 months of treatment. The ratings of joint range of motion of the affected hand of children in family rehabilitation group and hospital rehabilitation group after 6 months of treatment were significantly higher than those before treatment (with Z values of 3.58 and 2.30, respectively, P<0.05), but the ratings of joint range of motion of the affected hand between the two groups were similar before treatment and after 6 months of treatment (with Z values of 0.39 and 0.55, respectively, P>0.05). The functional ratings of the affected limbs of children in family rehabilitation group and hospital rehabilitation group after 6 months of treatment were significantly higher than those before treatment (with Z values of 3.98 and 3.51, respectively, P<0.05), but the functional ratings of the affected limbs between the two groups were similar before treatment and after 6 months of treatment (with Z values of 1.27 and 0.38, respectively, P>0.05). Conclusions: The WeChat platform assisted rehabilitation treatment with mainly family rehabilitation, combined with hand flexion and extension brace can effectively reduce the scarring after children's hand burns, improve the joint range of motion of the affected hands, and promote the recovery of affected limb function. The effect is similar to that of hospital-based rehabilitation providing an optional rehabilitation, treatment method for children who cannot continue to receive treatment in hospital.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Cicatrix/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing , Hand Injuries/rehabilitation , Wrist Injuries , Contracture/etiology , Burns/complications
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 292-299, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970465

ABSTRACT

Caused by endocrine disorder, hyperplasia of mammary glands(HMG) tends to occur in the young with increasing incidence, putting patients at the risk of cancer and threatening the health of women. Therefore, the prevention and treatment of HMG is attracting more and more attention. Amid the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), many scholars have found that Chinese patent medicine has unique advantages and huge potential in treatment of endocrine disorder. Particularly, Chinese patent medicine with the function of blood-activating and mass-dissipating, such as Xiaojin Pills and Xiaozheng Pills, has been commonly used in clinical treatment of HMG, which features multiple targets, obvious efficacy, small side effect, and ease of taking and carrying around. Clinical studies have found that the combination of Chinese patent medicine with other medicine can not only improve the efficacy and relieve symptoms such as hyperplasia and pain but also reduce the toxic and side effects of western medicine. Therefore, based on precious pharmacological research and clinical research, this study reviewed the mechanisms of blood-activating mass-dissipating Chinese patent medicine alone and in combination with other medicine, such as regulating levels of in vivo hormones and receptors, promoting apoptosis, inhibiting angiogenesis, improving hemorheology indexes, enhancing immunity, and boosting antioxidant ability. In addition, limitations and problems were summarized. Thereby, this study is expected to lay a theoretical basis for the further study and clinical application of blood-activating mass-dissipating Chinese patent medicine alone or in combination with other medicine against HMG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Hyperplasia/drug therapy , Nonprescription Drugs , Mammary Glands, Human/pathology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Hemorheology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 328-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986856

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Rotarex catheter system in treating femoropopliteal artery stenosis accompanied with thrombosis.@*METHODS@#From Jun. 2017 to Dec. 2019, the clinical data of 32 femoropopliteal artery stenosis accompanied with thrombosis cases treated with Rotarex catheter system were retrospectively analyzed. There were 23 males and 9 females aged from 50 to 89 years and the mean age was (70.7±10.3) years. Six cases had acute course of disease (≤2 weeks), 17 cases had subacute course of disease (>2 weeks, ≤3 months), and 9 cases had chronic course of disease (>3 months). Mean lesion length was (23.4±13.7) cm, mean occlusion length was (19.9±13.3) cm, and in-stent occlusion 7 cases. The superficial femoral artery (SFA) was involved in 13 cases, the popliteal artery (PA) was involved in 8 cases, and both SFA and PA were involved in the other 11 cases. All the cases were treated with Rotarex catheter system. When necessary, suction with large lumen catheter was enabled. Residual stenosis was treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). Drug-coated balloon (DCB) was only used in patients with financial status, and stent was used only when it was necessary. Heparin was used for 24 h after procedures, and after that, antiplatelet agents were used. Doppler ultrasonography was taken during the followed-up.@*RESULTS@#Technical success was 100%, and mean procedure time was (107.4±21.5) min. 8F (1F≈0.33 mm) and 6F Rotarex catheter were used in 27 and 5 cases respectively. In 27 cases, forward flow was obtained immediately after debulking with Rotarex catheter, and in the other 5 cases, suction with large lumen catheters were used. PTA was used in all 32 cases. DCB were used in 8 cases, of which 4 were used in in-stent stenosis. Twelve cases were implanted stents. There were no perioperative deaths. The only one procedure related complication was distal embolism. We took out the thrombus with guiding catheter. In all cases, mean hospital stay were (4.6±1.5) d. The ankle brachial index increased from 0.32±0.15 to 0.86±0.10 after treatment (t=-16.847, P < 0.001). The Rutherford stages decreased significantly (Z=-4.518, P < 0.001). All the patients were followed up for 6.0-36.0 months, and the median time was 16.0 months. 2 cases stopped antiplatelet agents, which resulted in acute thrombosis. Another percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy and PTA were taken in one of them. Two cases died of cardiovascular disease during the follow-up, and no amputation was observed. Target lesion restenosis occurred in 7 cases during the follow-up, and target lesion revascularization (TLR) was taken in two of them.@*CONCLUSION@#In treating femoropopliteal artery stenosis accompanied with thrombosis, Rotarex catheter can remove thrombus effectively, and that can expose underlying lesions and reduce stent use and complications rates. It is a safe and effective method.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Femoral Artery/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Constriction, Pathologic , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Treatment Outcome , Thrombosis , Catheters
6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 561-563, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986170

ABSTRACT

Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a clinical syndrome of acute decompensation accompanied by organ failure that occurs on the basis of chronic liver disease and has a high short-term mortality rate. Currently, there are still differences in relation to the definition of ACLF; thus, baseline characteristics and dynamic changes are important bases for clinical decision-making in patients with liver transplantation and others. The basic strategies for treating ACLF currently include internal medicine treatment, artificial liver support systems, and liver transplantation. Multidisciplinary active collaborative management throughout the whole course is of great significance for further improving the survival rate in patients with ACLF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver Transplantation , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/complications , Survival Rate , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Prognosis
7.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 321-326, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992936

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of different dosages of new drugs in the treatment of PsA by using network meta-analysis.Methods:Three medical databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library) were searched for the studies that compared the efficacy and safety of 4 new drugs (secukinumab, ixekizumab, apremilast, tofacitinib) with different dosages in the treatment of PsA. Data from included studies were analyzed by Stata 15.0.Results:A total of 16 RCTs were included. The results of the network meta-analysis showed that: (1) Among the overall patients, in terms of ACR20 response rate, the larger the surface under the cumulative ranking (SUCRA), the more effective it is. Secukinumab 300 mg Q4W(96.1%) had the best efficacy, followed by ixekizumab 80 mg Q4W(79.0%), ixekizumab 80 mg Q2W(75.1%), secukinumab 150 mg Q4W(73.2%), apremilast 30 mg BID(50.6%), apremilast 20 mg BID(38.6%), tofacitinib 5 mg BID(18.1%), tofacitinib 10 mg BID(17.7%) and placebo(2.0%). (2) In terms of PASI75 response rate, the larger the area under the SUCRA curve, the more effective it is. Ixekizumab 80 mg Q4W(96.1%) had the best efficacy, followed by ixekizumab 80 mg Q2W(88.7%), secukinumab 300 mg Q4W(75.6%), secukinumab 150 mg Q4W(63.3%), apremilast 30 mg BID(44.5%), apremilast 20 mg BID(38.4%), tofacitinib 10 mg BID(30.0%), tofacitinib 5 mg BID(12.5%) and placebo(1.0%). (3) Among the overall patients, in terms of safety, the smaller the area under the SUCRA curve, the higher the safety it is. Secukinumab 300 mg Q4W (17.3%) has the best safety. (4) The results of subgroup analysis showed that in terms of ACR20 response rate, ixekizumab 80 mg Q2W(85.3%) had the best efficacy in bDMARDs-na?ve patients, while in bDMARDs-IR patients, secukinumab 300 mg Q4W(83.9%) had the best efficacy.Conclusion:Among all patients, secukinumab 300 mg Q4W is the best in terms of ACR20 response rate and safety, but ixekizumab 80 mg Q4W is more effective in improving PsA lesions comparing yo other drugs.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2635-2642, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998820

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of MELD 3.0, MELD, and MELD-Na scores in assessing the 90-day prognosis of patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) through a comparative study. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 605 patients with ACLF who were treated in Tianjin Third Central Hospital, The Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, and Beijing YouAn Hospital from November 2012 to June 2019, and according to the 90-day follow-up results after admission, they were divided into survival group with 392 patients and death group with 213 patients. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the area under the ROC curve (AUC), net reclassification improvement (NRI), integrated discrimination improvement (IDI), and decision curve analysis (DCA) curve were used to investigate the value of MELD 3.0, MELD, and MELD-Na scores at baseline, day 3, week 1, and week 2 in predicting the prognosis of the disease. ResultsAt day 3 and week 1, MELD 3.0 score had an AUC of 0.775 and 0.808, respectively, with a better AUC than MELD score (P<0.05). At day 3, week 1, and week 2, MELD 3.0 score showed an NRI of 0.125, 0.100, and 0.081, respectively, compared with MELD in predicting the prognosis of ACLF patients, as well as an NRI of 0.093, 0.140, and 0.204, respectively, compared with MELD-Na score in predicting prognosis. At baseline, day 3, week 1, and week 2, MELD 3.0 showed an IDI of 0.011, 0.025, 0.017, and 0.013, respectively, compared with MELD in predicting the prognosis of ACLF patients. At day 3 and week 2, MELD 3.0 showed an IDI of 0.027 and 0.038, respectively, compared with MELD-Na in predicting the prognosis of ACLF patients. All the above NRIs and IDIs were >0, indicating a positive improvement (all P<0.05). DCA curves showed that MELD 3.0 was superior to MELD at day 3 and was significantly superior to MELD-Na at week 2. There was no significant difference in the ability of the three scores in predicting the prognosis of ACLF patients with different types, and there was also no significant difference in the ability of the three scores in predicting the prognosis of ACLF patients with the etiology of HBV infection, alcohol, or HBV infection combined with alcohol, while MELD 3.0 was superior to MELD for ACLF patients with other etiologies (P<0.05). ConclusionMELD 3.0 score is better than MELD and MELD-Na scores in predicting the 90-day survival of patients with ACLF, but with limited superiority.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2301-2306, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998295

ABSTRACT

Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a common clinical syndrome of severe liver disease characterized by a high short-term mortality rate in clinical practice. Therefore, early and accurate evaluation of the prognosis of ACLF patients is of great significance for making clinical decisions and improving prognosis. This article reviews the recent research advances in markers for the prognostic evaluation of ACLF, in order to improve the existing prognostic evaluation system, assist clinicians in providing timely and appropriate clinical intervention, and further reduce the mortality rate of patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 149-153, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996051

ABSTRACT

Thanks to the support of relevant national policies since 2018, Internet hospitals in China had developed rapidly. The authors sorted out the current situation of Internet hospital management and construction in China through policy document search and literature search, and found such loopholes as lack of unified supervision and process supervision, barriers between online and offline one-stop services, obsolete information interoperability and network security technology, and poor doctor-patient satisfaction and treatment efficiency. It is recommended to establish a provincial-level standardized supervision and evaluation system, explore an integrated online and offline medical service system, improve the hospital informationized operation guarantee system, promote the improvement of doctor-patient communication satisfaction system, and further promote the development of Internet hospitals in China.

11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 347-351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920883

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the level of glycosylated albumin (GA) in liver cirrhosis patients with different Child-Pugh classes and its application value in predicting liver function. Methods A total of 486 patients with liver cirrhosis who were hospitalized in Tianjin Third Central Hospital from January 1 to December 31, 2019, were enrolled, among whom 227 patients had liver cirrhosis without diabetes and 259 patients had liver cirrhosis with diabetes. The patients were divided into groups according to Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score, and fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, and percentage of GA (GA%) were measured. The Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between three groups, and the Dwass-Steel-Critchlow-Fligner test was used for further comparison between two groups. Scatter plots and fitting curves were plotted for CTP score and GA% to evaluate the association between them and calculate the cut-off value. Results For the cirrhosis patients without diabetes, there were significant differences between the patients with different Child-Pugh classes in GA% ( χ 2 =24.809, P < 0.001), fasting blood glucose ( χ 2 =11.899, P =0.003), and glycosylated hemoglobin ( χ 2 =13.607, P =0.001); further pairwise comparison showed that there was a significant difference in GA% between Child-Pugh class A/B liver cirrhosis patients without diabetes and Child-Pugh class C liver cirrhosis patients ( P < 0.05), Child-Pugh class A patients had a significantly higher level of fasting blood glucose than Child-Pugh class B patients ( P < 0.05), and Child-Pugh class A patients had a significantly higher level of glycosylated hemoglobin than Child-Pugh class B/C patients ( P < 0.05). For the patients with liver cirrhosis and diabetes, there were significant differences between the patients with different Child-Pugh classes in GA% ( χ 2 =10.734, P =0.005) and fasting blood glucose ( χ 2 =16.295, P < 0.001); further pairwise comparison showed that Child-Pugh class C liver cirrhosis patients with diabetes had a significantly lower GA% than Child-Pugh class A/B patients ( P < 0.05) and Child-Pugh class A patients had a significantly lower fasting blood glucose level than Child-Pugh class B patients ( P < 0.05). The fitting curve showed that GA% increased with the increase in CTP score in the liver cirrhosis patients without diabetes, reached the highest value at the CTP score of 6.5, and then started to decrease, with the lower value at the CTP score of 11.5, which showed a curvilinear relationship; in the liver cirrhosis patients with diabetes, GA% first increased and then decreased with the increase in CTP score, with a cut-off value of 8. Conclusion GA% first increases and then decreases along with the progression of liver cirrhosis. There is a significant difference in GA between liver cirrhosis patients with different Child-Pugh classes, suggesting that the reduction in GA is closely associated with liver function decompensation in end-stage liver cirrhosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 266-275, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936004

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of exosomes from human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) on pulmonary vascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) injury in septic mice and its mechanism. Methods: The experimental research method was adopted. The primary ADSCs were isolated and cultured from the discarded fresh adipose tissue of 3 patients (female, 10-25 years old), who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University undergoing abdominal surgery, and the cell morphology was observed by inverted phase contrast microscope on the 5th day. The expressions of CD29, CD34, CD44, CD45, CD73, and CD90 of ADSCs in the third passage were detected by flow cytometry. The third to the fifth passage of ADSCs were collected, and their exosomes from the cell supernatant were obtained by differential ultracentrifugation, and the shape, particle size, and the protein expressions of CD9, CD63, tumor susceptibility gene 101 (TSG101), and β-actin of exosomes were detected, respectively, by transmission electron microscopy, nano-particle tracking analysis and Western blotting. Twenty-four adult male BALB/c mice were adopted and were divided into normal control group, caecal ligation perforation (CLP) alone group, and CLP+ADSC-exosome group with each group of 8 according to random number table (the same grouping method below) and were treated accordingly. At 24 h after operation, tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β) levels of mice serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and lung tissue morphology of mice was detected by hematoxylin-eosin and myeloperoxidase staining, and the expression of 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) of mouse lung cells was detected by immunofluorescence method. Primary PMVECs were obtained from 1-month-old C57 mice regardless gender by tissue block method. The expression of CD31 of PMVECs was detected by immunofluorescence and flow cytometry. The third passage of PMVECs was co-cultured with ADSCs derived exosomes for 12 h, and the phagocytosis of exosomes by PMVECs was detected by PKH26 kit. The third passage of PMVECs were adopted and were divided into blank control group, macrophage supernatant alone group, and macrophage supernatant+ADSC-exosome group, with 3 wells in each group, which were treated accordingly. After 24 h, the content of reactive oxygen species in cells was detected by flow cytometry, the expression of 8-OHdG in cells was detected by immunofluorescence, and Transwell assay was used to determine the permeability of cell monolayer. The number of samples in above were all 3. Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance and least significant difference t test. Results: The primary ADSCs were isolated and cultured to day 5, growing densely in a spindle shape with a typical swirl-like. The percentages of CD29, CD44, CD73 and CD90 positive cells of ADSCs in the third passage were all >90%, and the percentages of CD34 and CD45 positive cells were <5%. Exosomes derived from ADSCs of the third to fifth passages showed a typical double-cavity disc-like structure with an average particle size of 103 nm, and the protein expressions of CD9, CD63 and TSG101 of exosomes were positive, while the protein expression of β-actin of exosomes was negative. At 24 h after operation, compared with those in normal control group, both the levels of TNF-α and IL-1β of mice serum in CLP alone group were significantly increased (with t values of 28.76 and 29.69, respectively, P<0.01); compared with those in CLP alone group, both the content of TNF-α and IL-1β of mice serum in CLP+ADSC-exosome group was significantly decreased (with t values of 9.90 and 4.76, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). At 24 h after surgery, the pulmonary tissue structure of mice in normal control group was clear and complete without inflammatory cell infiltration; compared with those in normal control group, the pulmonary tissue edema and inflammatory cell infiltration of mice in CLP alone group were more obvious; compared with those in CLP alone group, the pulmonary tissue edema and inflammatory cell infiltration of mice in CLP+ADSC-exosome group were significantly reduced. At 24 h after operation, endothelial cells in lung tissues of mice in 3 groups showed positive expression of CD31; compared with that in normal control group, the fluorescence intensity of 8-OHdG positive cells of the lung tissues of mice in CLP alone group was significantly increased, and compared with that in CLP alone group, the fluorescence intensity of 8-OHdG positive cells in the lung tissues of mice in CLP+ADSC-exosome group was significantly decreased. The PMVECs in the 3rd passage showed CD31 positive expression by immunofluorescence, and the result of flow cytometry showed that CD31 positive cells accounted for 99.5%. At 12 h after co-culture, ADSC-derived exosomes were successfully phagocytose by PMVECs and entered its cytoplasm. At 12 h after culture of the third passage of PMVECs, compared with that in blank control group, the fluorescence intensity of reactive oxygen species of PMVECs in macrophage supernatant alone group was significantly increased (t=15.73, P<0.01); compared with that in macrophage supernatant alone group, the fluorescence intensity of reactive oxygen species of PMVECs in macrophage supernatant+ADSC-exosome group was significantly decreased (t=4.72, P<0.01). At 12 h after culture of the third passage of PMVECs, and the 8-OHdG positive fluorescence intensity of PMVECs in macrophage supernatant alone group was significantly increased; and compared with that in blank control group, the 8-OHdG positive fluorescence intensity of PMVECs in macrophage+ADSC-exosome supernatant group was between blank control group and macrophage supernatant alone group. At 12 h after culture of the third passage PMVECs, compared with that in blank control group, the permeability of PMVECs monolayer in macrophage supernatant alone group was significantly increased (t=6.34, P<0.01); compared with that in macrophage supernatant alone group, the permeability of PMVECs monolayer cells in macrophage supernatant+ADSC-exosome group was significantly decreased (t=2.93, P<0.05). Conclusions: Exosomes derived from ADSCs can ameliorate oxidative damage in mouse lung tissue, decrease the level of reactive oxygen species, 8-OHdG expression, and permeability of PMVECs induced by macrophage supernatant.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Exosomes/metabolism , Lung Injury/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Sepsis/pathology
13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 30-37, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935905

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the changes of serum uric acid levels and clinical characteristic in patients with chronic hepatitis C combined with hyperuricemia after direct antiviral agents (DAA) therapy. Methods: A prospective cohort study was used to investigate the risk of hyperuricemia in patients with chronic hepatitis C who received DAA treatment to obtain sustained virological response. The changes and factors influencing serum uric acid levels after 12 weeks of DAA treatment were observed. Comparisons between groups were performed using χ (2) test or Fisher's exact test, analysis of variance, Student's t test, or the non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test. Serum uric acid (SUA) changes, liver and kidney function indexes before and after treatment were compared by repeated measurement and paired t-test. Uric acid reduction was defined as a decrease in SUA from baseline at 12 weeks after treatment. Rates of change in eGFR, aspartate aminotransferase/platelet ratio, alanine aminotransferase and controlled attenuation parameter were defined from baseline (baseline to 12 weeks after treatment). Binary logistic regression analysis was used to compare the risk factors and factors influencing high and low uric acid level. Results: 161 cases with chronic hepatitis C who received DAA treatment were included, of which 19.3% patients were hyperuricemic. eGFR < 60 ml/(min·1.73 m(2)) and body mass index were independent risk factors for hyperuricemia in patients with chronic hepatitis C (eGFR: OR = 0.123, P = 0.002; body mass index: OR = 1.220, P = 0.002). SUA levels was changed significantly before treatment, at the end of treatment and at 12 weeks after treatment (327.96 vs. 320.76 vs. 314.92, F = 3.272, P = 0.042). At 12 weeks after treatment, SUA, liver stiffness, alanine aminotransferase and control attenuation parameters were all significantly lower than baseline (P < 0.05). The rate of increase in eGFR from baseline and the rate of decrease in controlled attenuation parameter during treatment were the factors influencing SUA reduction (eGFR: OR = 5124, P = 0.000; controlled attenuation index: OR = 0.010, P = 0.039). Conclusion: In chronic hepatitis C, reduced eGFR and body mass index are the risk factors for the development of hyperuricemia and a significant reduction in serum uric acid levels after DAA treatment can eradicate the virus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Hyperuricemia/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Uric Acid
14.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 364-377, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929267

ABSTRACT

Ma-Mu-Ran Antidiarrheal Capsules (MMRAC) is traditional Chinese medicine that has been used to treat diarrhea caused by acute enteritis (AE) and bacillary dysentery in Xinjiang (China) for many years. However, the potential therapeutic mechanism of MMRAC for AE and its regulatory mechanism on host metabolism is unclear. This study used fecal metabolomics profiling with GC/MS and 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis to explore the potential regulatory mechanisms of MMRAC on a dextran sulfate sodium salt (DSS)-induced mouse model of AE. Fecal metabolomics-based analyses were performed to detect the differentially expressed metabolites and metabolic pathways. The 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis was used to assess the altered gut microbes at the genus level and for functional prediction. Moreover, Pearson correlation analysis was used to integrate differentially expressed metabolites and altered bacterial genera. The results revealed that six intestinal bacteria and seven metabolites mediated metabolic disorders (i.e., metabolism of amino acid, carbohydrate, cofactors and vitamins, and lipid) in AE mice. Besides, ten altered microbes mediated the differential expression of eight metabolites and regulated these metabolisms after MMRAC administration. Overall, these findings demonstrate that AE is associated with metabolic disorders and microbial dysbiosis. Further, we present that MMRAC exerts protective effects against AE by improving host metabolism through the intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antidiarrheals/pharmacology , Capsules , Enteritis/genetics , Feces/microbiology , Genes, rRNA , Metabolomics , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2400-2408, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928119

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine has unique advantages in the treatment of degenerative bone and joint diseases, and its widely used in clinical practice. In recent years, many scholars have conducted a large number of basic studies on the delay of intervertebral disc degeneration by herbal compound and monomeric components from different perspectives. In order to further elucidate its mechanism of action, this paper summarizes the in vivo and in vitro experimental studies conducted at the level of both herbal compound and single components, respectively, in order to provide references for the basic research on the treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration by Chinese medicine. A summary shows that commonly used herbal compound prescriptions include both classical prescriptions such as Duhuo Jisheng Decoction, as well as clinical experience prescriptions such as Yiqi Huoxue Recipe. Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix, and Eucommiae Cortex were used most frequently. Tonic for deficiency and blood stasis activators were used most frequently. The most utilized monomeric components include icariin, ginsenoside Re, salvianolic acid B and aucubin. The main molecular mechanisms by which herbal compound and monomeric components delay of lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration include improving the intervertebral disc microenvironment, promoting the synthesis of aggregated proteoglycans and type Ⅱ collagen in the intervertebral disc, reducing the degradation of the extracellular matrix, and inhibiting apoptosis in the nucleus pulposus cells, etc. The main signaling pathways involved include Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, MAPK-related signaling pathway, mTOR signaling pathway, Fas/FasL signaling pathway, PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway, NF-κB signaling pathway, JAK/STAT signaling pathway, and hedgehog signaling pathway, etc.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Hedgehog Proteins/metabolism , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/metabolism , Nucleus Pulposus/metabolism , Wnt Signaling Pathway
16.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 699-702, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922984

ABSTRACT

Intestinal flora imbalance plays a certain role in the development and progression of liver cancer, while probiotics have a certain impact on liver cancer, both of which are the focus of clinical research. This article introduces the mechanism of action of intestinal flora imbalance in the pathogenesis of liver cancer and the preventive effect of probiotics against liver cancer. Intestinal flora imbalance can participate in the pathological process of liver cancer by activating Toll-like receptor 4, regulating the level of metabolites, producing endotoxin, and inducing bacterial translocation and intestinal bacterial overgrowth, while probiotics can effectively prevent liver cancer by maintaining enterohepatic circulation, enhancing immune function, promoting the reproduction of intestinal probiotics, and reducing the toxicity of carcinogens, which can be further studied as the focus of subsequent liver cancer prevention in clinical practice.

17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1403-1406, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954760

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effectiveness of modified Sugita and modified Shiraki in the treatment of severely concealed penis in children.Methods:A retrospective study was carried out on 72 children with congenital severely concealed penis, who were treated in the Department of Urology, Xuzhou Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University from September 2016 to June 2021.Among them, 32 cases were treated with modified Sugita (modified Sugita group) and 40 cases were treated with modified Shiraki (modified Shiraki group). There was no significant difference in the age, body mass and body mass index between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). The operation time, increased length of the exposed part of the penis after operation, score of parental satisfaction half a year after operation (obtained by using the Likert scale) and postoperative complications (classified according to the modified Clavien-Dindo classification) were compared between the 2 groups.Measurement data comparison between groups were performed by t test, counting data were analyzed by Chi- square test. Results:The operative time of the modified Sugita group and the modified Shiraki group were (50.00±8.03) min and (40.30±9.27) min, respectively.The operative time was significantly different between 2 groups ( t=4.107, P<0.05). The increased length of the exposed part of the penis after operation was (1.80±0.30) cm in the modified Sugita group and (1.90±0.33) cm in the modified Shiraki group, and no significant difference was found between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Six months after operation, the parental satisfaction score was (4.60±0.56) points in the modified Sugita group and (4.60±0.59) points in the modified Shiraki group.There was no significant difference in the parental satisfaction score between 2 groups ( P>0.05). In 72 cases, only 5 cases had grade Ⅰ complications.Postoperative complications were also not significantly different between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:After treating severely concealed penis in children with modified Sugita and modified Shiraki, the penis has a good appearance.These two surgeries have high parental satisfaction and low complications.They are easy to implement in clinical practice.The operation time of modified Shiraki is shorter than that of modified Sugita.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1403-1406, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954743

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effectiveness of modified Sugita and modified Shiraki in the treatment of severely concealed penis in children.Methods:A retrospective study was carried out on 72 children with congenital severely concealed penis, who were treated in the Department of Urology, Xuzhou Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University from September 2016 to June 2021.Among them, 32 cases were treated with modified Sugita (modified Sugita group) and 40 cases were treated with modified Shiraki (modified Shiraki group). There was no significant difference in the age, body mass and body mass index between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). The operation time, increased length of the exposed part of the penis after operation, score of parental satisfaction half a year after operation (obtained by using the Likert scale) and postoperative complications (classified according to the modified Clavien-Dindo classification) were compared between the 2 groups.Measurement data comparison between groups were performed by t test, counting data were analyzed by Chi- square test. Results:The operative time of the modified Sugita group and the modified Shiraki group were (50.00±8.03) min and (40.30±9.27) min, respectively.The operative time was significantly different between 2 groups ( t=4.107, P<0.05). The increased length of the exposed part of the penis after operation was (1.80±0.30) cm in the modified Sugita group and (1.90±0.33) cm in the modified Shiraki group, and no significant difference was found between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Six months after operation, the parental satisfaction score was (4.60±0.56) points in the modified Sugita group and (4.60±0.59) points in the modified Shiraki group.There was no significant difference in the parental satisfaction score between 2 groups ( P>0.05). In 72 cases, only 5 cases had grade Ⅰ complications.Postoperative complications were also not significantly different between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:After treating severely concealed penis in children with modified Sugita and modified Shiraki, the penis has a good appearance.These two surgeries have high parental satisfaction and low complications.They are easy to implement in clinical practice.The operation time of modified Shiraki is shorter than that of modified Sugita.

19.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 407-411, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942368

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize the species of invasive Pomacea snails that were discovered for the first time in Shandong Province. Methods Pomacea snails samples were collected in the field of Jining City, Shandong Province on October 2021 for morphological identification. Pomacea snails were randomly sampled and genomic DNA was extracted from foot muscle tissues of Pomacea snails for multiplex PCR amplification. The PCR amplification product was sequenced. Then, the sequence was aligned and a phylogenetic tree was created using the software MegAlign 7.1.0. In addition, Angiostongylus cantonensis infection was detected in Pomacea snails with the lung microscopy. Results A total of 104 living Pomacea snails were collected, and all were characterized as Pomacea spp. based on morphological features. Of 12 randomly selected adult Pomacea snails, multiplex PCR assay and sequencing identified eleven snails as P. canaliculata and one as P. maculata. No A. cantonensis infection was detected in 104 Pomacea snails. Conclusion This is the first report of invasive Pomacea snails in Shandong Province, where P. canaliculata and P. maculata are found.

20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 683-690, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940975

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of compound analgesia on ultra-pulsed fractional carbon dioxide laser (UFCL) treatment of post-burn hypertrophic s in children. Methods: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. From April 2018 to March 2020, 169 pediatric patients with post-burn hypertrophic s admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University were randomly divided into general anesthesia alone group (39 cases, 19 males and 20 females, aged 35 (21, 48) months), general anesthesia+lidocaine group (41 cases, 23 males and 18 females, aged 42 (22, 68) months), general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group (41 cases, 25 males and 16 females, aged 38 (26, 52) months), and three-drug combination group with general anesthesia + lidocaine+ibuprofen suppository (48 cases, 25 males and 23 females, aged 42 (25, 60) months), and the pediatric patients in each group were treated with corresponding analgesic regimens when UFCL was used to treat s, and the pediatric patients were given comprehensive care throughout the treatment process. The pain degree of pediatric patients scar was evaluated by facial expression,legs,activity,cry,and consolability (FLACC) of children's pain behavior scale at 0 (immediately), 1, 2, and 4 h after awakening from the first anesthesia, respectively. At 4 h after awakening from the first anesthesia of postoperative pain assessment, the self-made analgesia satisfaction questionnaire was used to evaluate the satisfaction for the analgesic effect of the pediatric patients or their families, and the satisfaction rate was calculated. Within 2 h after the first operation, the occurrences of adverse reactions of the pediatric patients, such as nausea and vomiting, headache, dizziness, drowsiness, etc, were observed and recorded. Before the first treatment and 1 month after the last treatment, the Vancouver scar scale (VSS) was used to evaluate the pediatric patients scar, and the difference value between the two was calculated. Data were statistically analyzed with least significant difference test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, chi-square test and Fisher's exact probability test. Results: At 0 h after awakening from the first anesthesia, the FLACC scores of pediatric patients in general anesthesia+lidocaine group, general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group and three-drug combination group were significantly lower than those in general anesthesia alone group (P<0.01). The FLACC scores of the pediatric patients in anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group and three-drug combination group were significantly lower than that in general anesthesia+lidocaine group (P<0.01), and the FLACC score of the pediatric patients in three-drug combination group was significantly lower than that in general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group (P<0.01). At 1 and 2 h after awakening from the first anesthesia, the FLACC scores of pediatric patients in general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group and three-drug combination group were both significantly lower than those in general anesthesia alone group and general anesthesia+lidocaine group (P<0.01), and the FLACC score of the pediatric patients in three-drug combination group was significantly lower than that in general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group (P<0.01). At 4 h after awakening from the first anesthesia, the FLACC scores of the pediatric patients in general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group and three-drug combination group were significantly lower than those in general anesthesia alone group and general anesthesia+lidocaine group (P<0.01). At 4 h after awakening from the first anesthesia, the satisfactions rate with the analgesic effect in the four groups of pediatric patients or their families were 79.49% (31/39), 85.37% (35/41), 87.80% (36/41), and 97.92% (47/48), respectively. The satisfaction rate of the pediatric patients in three-drug combination group was significantly higher than those in general anesthesia alone group, general anesthesia+lidocaine group, general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group. Within 2 h after the first operation, there was no significant difference in the overall comparison of adverse reactions such as nausea and vomiting, headache, dizziness, and drowsiness of pediatric patients among the 4 groups (P>0.05). The VSS scores of pediatric patients before the first treatment, 1 month after the last treatment, and and the difference value between the two in the 4 groups were not significantly different (P>0.05). Conclusions: Three-drug combination for analgesia has a good effect in the treatment of hypertrophic scars after burn in pediatric patients with UFCL. Pediatric patients or their families are highly satisfied with the effect, and the treatment effect and incidence of adverse reactions are similar to other analgesic regimens, so it is recommended to be promoted in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Analgesia , Analgesics , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/pathology , Dizziness/drug therapy , Headache/drug therapy , Ibuprofen/therapeutic use , Lasers, Gas/therapeutic use , Lidocaine , Nausea/drug therapy , Pain/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Vomiting/drug therapy
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