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1.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 330-335, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970211

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic surgery for gallbladder carcinoma. Methods: The data of 197 gallbladder carcinoma patients admitted at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2012 and September 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 86 males and 111 females,with age of (64.4±9.8)years(range:35 to 89 years). Patients were divided into laparoscopic group(n=53) and open group(n=144) according to different surgical methods. The general information of the two groups were matched by propensity score matching,and the clinical data and prognosis were compared between the two groups. Categorical variables were analyzed using χ2 test or Fisher's exact test,as appropriate. Continuous variables with and without normal distribution were analyzed using t-test and Mann-Whitney U test,respectively. Kaplan-Meier curves with Log-rank test were used to analyze the cumulative survival rates. Results: Forty-eight pairs of patients were matched successfully. There was no difference in general information,cholecystolithiasis,partial hepatectomy,and tumor stage between two groups(all P>0.05). The laparoscopic group had shorter operation time(t=-3.987,P<0.01),less bleeding(Z=-4.862,P<0.01),shorter total(Z=-5.009,P<0.01) and postoperative(Z=-5.412,P<0.01) hospital stay. Seventeen patients had postoperative complications. According to the Clavien-Dindo system,there were 4,11,1,and 1 patient with grade Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲa,and Ⅲb,respectively. All complications were improved after active treatment. After a median follow-up of 24(36) months(range:3 to 130 months),56 patients(58.3%) survived without tumor,7 patients(7.3%) survived with tumor,and 33 patients(34.4%) died. According to the Kaplan-Meier curves,there was no significant difference between laparoscopic and open groups in disease free(χ2=0.399,P=0.528) and overall(χ2=0.672,P=0.412) survival rates. Conclusions: The laparoscopic surgery is safe and effective in selected patients with gallbladder carcinoma. It can reduce surgical trauma and enhance patient recovery without increasing complication. Its prognosis is similar to that of open surgery.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3612-3622, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981492

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to analyze the effect of Bletilla striata polysaccharide(BSP) on endogenous metabolites in serum of tumor-bearing mice treated with 5-fluorouracil(5-FU) by untargeted metabolomics techniques and explore the mechanism of BSP in alleviating the toxic and side effects induced by 5-FU. Male BALB/C mice were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a 5-FU group, and a 5-FU + BSP group, with eight mice in each group. Mouse colon cancer cells(CT26) were transplanted into the mice except for those in the normal group to construct the tumor-bearing mouse model by subcutaneous injection, and 5-FU chemotherapy and BSP treatment were carried out from the second day of modeling. The changes in body weight, diarrhea, and white blood cell count in the peripheral blood were recorded. The mice were sacrificed and sampled when the tumor weight of mice in the model group reached approximately 1 g. TUNEL staining was used to detect the cell apoptosis in the small intestine of each group. The proportions of hematopoietic stem cells and myeloid progenitor cells in bone marrow were measured by flow cytometry. Five serum samples were selected randomly from each group for untargeted metabolomics analysis. The results showed that BSP was not effective in inhibiting colon cancer in mice, but diarrhea, leukopenia, and weight loss caused by 5-FU chemotherapy were significantly improved after BSP intervention. In addition, apoptotic cells decreased in the small intestinal tissues and the percentages of hematopoietic stem cells and myeloid progenitor cells in bone marrow were significantly higher after BSP treatment. Metabolomics results showed that the toxic and side effects of 5-FU resulted in significant decrease in 29 metabolites and significant increase in 22 metabolites in mouse serum. Among them, 19 disordered metabolites showed a return to normal levels in the 5-FU+BSP group. The results of pathway enrichment indicated that metabolic pathways mainly involved pyrimidine metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and steroid hormone biosynthesis. Therefore, BSP may ameliorate the toxic and side effects of 5-FU in the intestinal tract and bone marrow presumably by regulating nucleotide synthesis, inflammatory damage, and hormone production.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Diarrhea , Fluorouracil/adverse effects , Hormones , Metabolomics , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Polysaccharides/pharmacology
3.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 743-748, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003594

ABSTRACT

@#The in vitro release is an important index to evaluate the quality of liposome formulation.Currently, there is no evaluation method for the in vitro release of liposome in pharmacopoeia of various countries, which leads to the lack of unified standard and safety guarantee for the quality evaluation of liposome formulation.Taking the self-made paclitaxel derivative liposomes as an example, the paddle membrane binding method established by optimizing external release conditions was used to simulate the complete release of paclitaxel derivative drugs in 12 hours under physiological conditions.The results showed that using 0.5% SDS-HEPES as the release medium and a dialysis bag with a molecular weight cutoff of 1 000 kD to release the liposome solution met the requirements and had discrimination ability, providing a reference for the development of drug-loaded liposomes release methods in vitro.

4.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 71-77, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928782

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Immunoneoadjuvant therapy opens a new prospect for local advanced lung cancer. The aim of our study was to explore the safety and feasibility of robotic-assisted bronchial sleeve resection in patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy.@*METHODS@#Data of 13 patients with locally advanced NSCLC that underwent bronchial sleeve resection after neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy during August 2020 and February 2021 were retrospectively included. According to the surgical methods, patients were divided into thoracotomy bronchial sleeve resection (TBSR) group and robot-assisted bronchial sleeve resection (RABSR) group. Oncology, intraoperative, and postoperative data in the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The two groups of patients operated smoothly, the postoperative pathology confirmed that all the tumor lesions achieved R0 resection, and RABSR group no patient was transferred to thoracotomy during surgery. Partial remission (PR) rate and major pathological remissions (MPR) rate of patients in the TBSR group were 71.43% and 42.86%, respectively. Complete pathological response (pCR) was 28.57%. They were 66.67%, 50.00% and 33.33% in RABSR group, respectively. There were no significant differences in operative duration, number of lymph nodes dissected, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage time and postoperative hospital stay between the two groups, but the bronchial anastomosis time of RABSR group was relatively short. Both groups of patients had a good prognosis. Successfully discharged from the hospital and post-operative 90-d mortality rate was 0.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In patients with locally advanced central NSCLC after neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy can achieve the tumor reduction, tumor stage decline and increase the R0 resection rate, bronchial sleeve resection is safe and feasible. Under the premise of following the two principles of surgical safety and realizing the tumor R0 resection, robot-assisted bronchial sleeve resection can be preferred.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Pneumonectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Thoracotomy , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 372-377, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935613

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in perioperative management of patients with gallbladder carcinoma. Methods: The data of the patients with gallbladder carcinoma admitted at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2017 and December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 69 males(42.1%) and 95 females(57.9%),with age of (64.0±10.3) years(range:37 to 89 years). Patients were divided into ERAS group(n=53) and normal group(n=111) according to whether they were treated with ERAS measures during the perioperative period.The basic characteristics of the two groups were matched by propensity score matching,and then the perioperative information was compared between the two groups. Categorical variables were presented as absolute numbers or frequencies. Differences between study groups were analyzed using χ2 test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, or Mann-Whitney U test, as appropriate. Results: Each group had 45 patients after propensity score matching with well-balanced basic characteristics. There was no difference in basic characteristics, operation time,bleeding,complication,and hospitalization expenses between two groups(all P>0.05). Compared with the normal group,time of ambulation (M(IQR)) (1(1) day vs. 2(2) days;Z=-3.839,P<0.01),postoperative anal exhaust time (2(1) days vs. 3(1) days;Z=-3.013,P=0.003),feeding time(2(1) days vs. 2(1) days;Z=-3.647,P<0.01),postoperative (5(2) days vs. 7(4) days;Z=-3.984,P<0.01) and total(8(4) days vs. 13(6) days;Z=-3.605,P<0.01) hospitalization time were shorter in ERAS group. Postoperative complications occurred in 12 patients. According to the Clavien-Dindo classification,6,4,and 2 patients were classified as grade Ⅰ,Ⅱ,and Ⅲa,respectively. Conclusion: The ERAS measures is safe and effective for perioperative management of patients with gallbladder carcinoma, enhancing patient recovery and shortening hospitalization time without increasing complication or hospitalization cost.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 910-916, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors for the development of gall-stone in population of Beijing.Methods:The retrospective cross-sectional survey was conducted. From November 2016 to September 2020, patients living in Beijing (registered residence in Beijing ≥12 months) who visited the biliary outpatient of Department of General Surgery of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences for the first time were recruited to participate as respondents. The survey was conducted by the questionnaire survey on correlation between dietary habits and incidence of gallstones, in which the information of gender, age, body mass index (BMI), gallstone status, metabolic indicators (hypercholesterolemia, history of diabetes mellitus, reproductive times for female, menopause status of female, duration of menopause for female, history of weight loss), dietary indicators (dietary mix of meat and vegetable dishes, times of coffee intake per month, times of alcohol consumption per month, times of greasy diet intake per month, times of breakfast skipping per week, average overnight fasting time of breakfast skipping, times of supper skipping per week, average overnight fasting time of supper skipping), family history of gallstones, lifestyle indicators (times of staying up late per month, average overnight fasting time when staying up late, daily sedentary time, weekly physical activity score). Observation indicators: (1) results of questionnaire survey; (2) analysis of influencing factors for the occurrence of gallstone. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3). Count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percentages. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using the Logistic regression model. Results:(1) Results of questionnaire survey. A total of 1 036 questionnaires were distributed, and 1 004 complete questionnaires were recovered. Of the 1 004 patients who completed the questionnaire survey, there were 329 males and 675 females, aged (44±12)years. The BMI of 1 004 patients was (24±3)kg/m 2. Of the 1 004 patients, there were 659 cases with a history of cholecystolithiasis and 345 cases without. (2) Analysis of influencing factors for the occurrence of gallstone. Results of univariate analysis showed that age, history of diabetes mellitus, history of weight loss, times of coffee intake per month, times of greasy diet intake per month, family history of gallstone and daily sedentary time were related factors for the development of gallstone in 1 004 patients ( odds ratio=1.03, 2.26, 1.74, 1.01, 1.01, 2.22, 1.06, 95% confidence intervals as 1.02?1.05, 1.09?5.18, 1.22?2.53, 1.00?1.03, 1.00?1.01, 1.60?3.11, 1.01?1.11, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that age, history of diabetes mellitus, history of weight loss, times of greasy diet intake per month, family history of gallstone and daily sedentary time were independent influencing factors for the development of gallstone in 1 004 patients ( odds ratio=1.03, 2.26, 1.82, 1.01, 2.22, 1.06, 95% confidence intervals as 1.02?1.05, 1.11?5.13, 1.28?2.62, 1.00?1.02,1.60?3.09, 1.01?1.12, P<0.05). Conclusion:Age, history of diabetes mellitus, history of weight loss, times of greasy diet intake per month, family history of gallstone and daily sedentary time are independent influencing factors for the development of gallstone in population of Beijing.

7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 340-345, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935872

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore and analyze the correlation between labial gingival morphology and alveolar bone morphology of maxillary anterior teeth in patients with posterior dental implant, so as to provide reference basis for restoration design and esthetic reconstruction of anterior teeth. Methods: Sixty-four patients [24 males, 40 females (25.6±3.3) years old] who planned to receive posterior dental implant restoration were recruited randomly with the inclusion and exclusion criteria in Department of Prosthodontics, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University from May 2020 to May 2021. According to the visibility of periodontal probe through gingival margin, the subjects were divided into thin and thick gingival biotypes, including 29 cases of thin biotype and 35 cases of thick biotype. The 3Shape software was used to perform oral scanning, and cone beam CT (CBCT) was taken for each patient. Geomagic and Mimics software were used to measure and record the labial crown width and length, gingival papilla height, gingival angle, bone papilla height and bone margin angle of maxillary anterior teeth. Results: The crown width length ratios of maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors and canines were 0.85±0.08, 0.80±0.08 and 0.86±0.09 (F=10.71, P<0.01). The height of gingival papilla between maxillary central incisors, between central incisors and lateral incisors, between lateral incisors and canines were (3.93±0.86), (3.47±0.84) and (3.38±0.91) mm respectively (F=7.44, P<0.01), and the height of corresponding bone papilla were (3.44±0.88), (3.12±0.75) and (2.72±0.63) mm respectively (F=14.26, P<0.01). The gingival margin angles of maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors and canines were 88.3°±7.7°, 84.7°±8.9° and 81.2°±6.6° (F=13.15, P<0.01), and the bone margin angles were 103.2°±13.1°, 99.5°±11.2° and 110.6°±13.0° (F=13.25, P<0.01). The crown width length ratio (0.81±0.08), gingival margin angle (82.2°±7.4°) and bone margin angle (99.4°±12.9°) of thin gingival subjects were significantly lower than those of thick gingival subjects (0.85±0.09, 86.5°±8.6°, 108.5°±11.4°) (t=-2.79, 3.63, 5.20, P<0.01). The height of gingival papilla [(3.93±0.81) mm] and bone papilla [(3.43±0.80) mm] in thin gingival subjects were significantly lower than those in thick gingival subjects [(3.34±0.84) and (2.85±0.71) mm, respectively] (t=-4.89, -5.36, P<0.01). The height of labial gingival papilla of upper anterior teeth was positively correlated with that of bone papilla in all patients (r=0.66, P<0.01); the ratio of crown width to length of upper anterior teeth was positively correlated with the angle of bone margin (r=0.42, P<0.01); the height of anterior gingival papilla was negatively correlated with the angle of bone margin (r=-0.58, P<0.01), and the height of bone papilla was negatively correlated with the angle of bone margin (r=-0.82, P<0.01). Conclusions: The crown shape, gingival shape and alveolar bone shape of maxillary anterior teeth were different in different tooth positions. Patients with different periodontal phenotypes had different crown width length ratio, gingival papilla height, bone papilla height, gingival margin angle, and bone margin angle.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dental Implants , Esthetics, Dental , Gingiva/anatomy & histology , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Crown
8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 85-90, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935833

ABSTRACT

Objective: To measure the labial gingival thickness and bone lamella thickness in the maxillary anterior area using digital method, and to analyze the correlation between the two, so as to provide a reference for esthetic restoration and implantation treatment of the upper anterior area. Methods: Fifty-seven patients [23 males, 34 females, (25.8±4.5) years old] who planned to receive posterior dental implant restoration were recruited randomly with the inclusion and exclusion criteria in Department of Prosthodontics, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University from May 2020 to October 2020. The 3Shape software was used to perform oral scanning, and cone beam CT (CBCT) was taken for each patient. The image data was fitted and registered by the 3Shape software. The gingival thickness at 2 mm below the gingival margin, bone thickness and gingival thickness at 2 and, 4 mm below the crest of the labial alveolar crest in maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors and canines, were measured. Results: The gingival thickness at 2 mm below the gingival margin of maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors and canines was (1.42±0.21), (1.19±0.17) and (1.23±0.20) mm respectively (F=12.47, P<0.001). The gingival thickness at 2 mm below gingival margin and 4 mm below crest of residual ridge in the male patients were (1.31±0.21) and (0.67±0.22) mm, and those in the female patients were (1.26±0.22) and (0.58±0.19) mm respectively, and there were statistically significant differences in the gingival thickness between the "2 mm below gingival margin" group and the "4 mm below crest of residual ridge" group (t=2.01 and 3.97, P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between gingival thickness and alveolar bone thickness at 2 mm and 4 mm below the crest of residual ridge in maxillary anterior region, and the correlation coefficients (r) were 0.387 and 0.344 respectively (P<0.05). Conclusions: Gingival thickness of maxillary anterior area is related to the tooth position and gender. The gingival thickness of men is greater than that of women.The gingival thickness at 2 and 4 mm below the crest of the alveolar crest is positively correlated with the thickness of the alveolar bone.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Esthetics, Dental , Gingiva/diagnostic imaging , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 21-25, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933141

ABSTRACT

To investigate the comprehensive clinical effect of early application of novel endocrine therapy combined with docetaxel for high-risk hormone-sensitive prostate cancer. A 62 year old patient was admitted due in April 2020, presented with numbness and weakness in both lower limbs for 10 days. Multiple bone metastases including thoracic vertebra and sternum was found by thoracic magnetic resonance imaging. Total resection of T5 vertebral tumor, spinal canal decompression were performed. Bone metastases was confirmed by postoperative pathological examination, and the tumor that meets clinical diagnostic criteria for prostate acinar adenocarcinoma. The post-operative PSA was 960.602 ng/ml. Based on history, imaging, pathological and serological findings, the diagnosis of high-risk metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC), with high tumor burden was considered. The clinical stage was T 4N 1M 1. After treatment with novel endocrine therapy (enzalutamide+ androgen deprivation therapy, 3 months) combined with docetaxel(75mg/m 2, once every 3 weeks, plus prednisone 5mg, twice daily, for 4 circles), the patient’s symptoms had improved and the lesion was found to be smaller. Novel endocrine therapy combined with docetaxel can effectively suppress disease progression. The most common adverse effects include hot flushes, fatigue, headache, and hematologic toxicity (anemia, thrombocytopenia, and neutropenia) were not observed in this case. This case exemplifies novel endocrine therapy combined with DTX therapy may be one of the effective treatment options for high-risk metastatic hormone sensitive prostate cancer.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 876-882, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908448

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological features and treatment strategies of intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 40 patients with IPNB who were admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from August 2000 to April 2020 were collected. There were 19 males and 21 females,aged (60±14) years. Patients underwent preoperative imaging examination and blood test for evaluation of tumor location, range and resectability. The treatment strategies of patients depended on preoperative examination and their own willingness. Observation indicators: (1) preoperative examinations and tests; (2) treatment; (3) pathological examination; (4) follow-up. Follow-up using outpatient examination, telephone interview and online diagnosis was performed to detect tumor recurrence and survival of patients up to April 2021. Count data were represented as absolute numbers and percentages. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the cumulative survival rate and draw survivla curve. Results:(1) Preoperative examinations and tests: 40 patients received preoperative imaging examination and blood test. Of 40 patients, 33 cases underwent abdominal ultrasonography, 31 cases underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) examina-tion, 21 cases underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), 15 cases underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), 8 cases underwent position emission tomography CT examination, 6 cases underwent endoscopic ultrasonography; some patients underwent multiple examinations. The main imaging features of IPNB were bile duct dilatation, and intraluminal tumor. Enhanced CT scan showed tumor reinforcement. Preoperative blood tests showed of the 40 patients, 21 cases with abnormal liver function, 17 cases with increased bilirubin, 9 cases with increased carcinoembryonic antigen, and 24 cases with increased CA19-9. (2) Treatment: 35 of 40 patients underwent surgery, 5 patients underwent ERCP and biopsy and didn′t undergo surgery based on their willings. Of 35 patients with surgeries,20 cases underwent hemihepatectomy or lobectomy, 8 cases underwent pancreatico-duodenectomy, 7 cases underwent bile duct tumor resection. The operation time was (262±91)minutes, and volume of intraoperative blood loss was 300 mL(range, 50?2 000 mL). Postopera-tive complications occurred in 6 of 35 patients, including 3 cases with Grade Ⅰ complications and 3 cases with Grade Ⅱ complication according to Clavien-Dindo classi-fication system. (3) Pathological examination: 40 patients were diagnosed as IPNB by pathological examinations. There were 19 and 21 patients with extrahepatic and intrahepatic lesions, respectively. There were 20 benign lesions (15 cases of low or intermediate-grade intraepithelial neoplasia and 5 cases of high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia) and 20 malignant lesions of invasive carcinoma. There were 18 cases with mucus secretion and 22 cases without mucus secretion or information. Five of 35 patients with surgeries had positive margin and the rest of 30 patients had negative margin. A total of 154 lymph nodes were dissected in 21 patients, including 3 positive lymph nodes. (4) Follow-up: 35 of 40 patients were followed up for (53±35)months. Seventeen of 35 patients survived without tumor, and 3 patients survived with tumor of which the time to tumor recurrence were 12, 17, 37 months. Fifteen patients died, with the time interval to death of (30±19)months. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year cumulative survival rates of 35 patients were 88.6%, 73.6%, and 50.7%, respectively.Conclusions:IPNB is rare, with the main imaging features as bile duct dilatation, and intraluminal tumor. The tumor is reinforce-ment after enhanced scan. Surgery is the main treatment for IPNB and lymph node metastasis is rare.

11.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 402-405, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887872

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of surgical site infection(SSI)following conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy and to analyze the related risk factors. Methods The clinical data of 179 patients who had experienced conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2014 to August 2019 were analyzed retrospectively.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the associations between clinical variables and SSI. Results The incidence of SSI was 19.0%(34/179)after conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy.The multivariable analysis demonstrated that preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP)(


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholecystectomy , Laparoscopy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology
12.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 199-203, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867601

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic efficacies of computed tomography (CT), clinical manifestations and 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) nucleic acid test results for the screening and diagnosis of novel coronavirus pneumonia.Methods:The clinical data of suspected cases with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) visited fever clinic or stayed in emergency room of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from January 23 to February 9, 2020 were collected. Totally 274 cases who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled. Four screening schemes including chest CT screening, scoring, chest CT and scoring series screening, chest CT and scoring parallel screening were designed. The statistical analysis was performed by using chi-square test. The sensitivities, specificities and the areas under the receiver operator characteristic curve of the four screening schemes were calculated, and the diagnostic efficacies were evaluated.Results:Among the 274 cases, 93.80%(257/274) presented with typical clinical symptoms, 47.81%(131/274) had epidemiological history, and the blood routine examination results of 45.26%(124/274) cases met the positive criteria of the scoring , and chest CT results of 43.07%(118/274) cases met the positive criteria of chest CT screening. The 2019-nCoV nucleic acid test positive rate of cases with epidemiological history was 30.53%(40/131), which was higher than that of cases without epidemiological history (9.09%(13/143)), and that of cases with typical imaging performance on chest CT was 40.68%(48/118), which was higher than cases without typical imaging performance (3.21%(5/156)). The differences between the above groups were both statistically significant ( χ2=20.150、60.468, respectively, both P<0.01). The positive rates of viral nucleic acid detection in cases with positive findings of chest CT screening, scoring, series screening, and parallel screening were 40.68%(48/118), 23.74%(47/198), 44.68%(42/94) and 23.87%(53/222), respectively, while those in cases with negative findings of the four screening schemes were 3.20%(5/156), 7.89%(6/76), 6.11%(11/180) and 0(0/52), respectively. The positive rates of the four screening schemes were all significantly different from that of viral nucleic acid detection ( κ=0.402, 0.100, 0.431, 0.106, all P<0.01). The chest CT screening method had a sensitivity of 90.57%and a specificity of 68.33%, and an area under the operating characteristic curve of the subject was 0.794, which had higher diagnostic value than those of the other three screening schemes. Conclusions:For the screening and diagnosis of COVID-19 cases, epidemiological history, positive 2019-nCoV nucleic acid test with ≥2 typical clinical manifestations have highly diagnostic value. On the basis of the preliminary screening of chest CT examination, flexible analysis of the diagnostic results could improve the diagnostic value of each detection method.

13.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 617-620, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871671

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness and safety of transcatheter closure of atrial septum defect(ASD) in adults using echocardiography as the only imaging tool.Methods:From April 2017 to August 2019, 118 patients with congenital atrial septum defect were treated by cardiac surgery in Zhongshan Hospital affiliated to Fudan University. There were 31 males and 87 females, aged 15-72 years old[mean(40.3±15.3) years old]. 117 cases of atrial septum defect were secondary foramen and 1 case was residual shunt after repair of atrial septum defect by transthoracic echocardiography. The patients with tricuspid insufficiency and pulmonary hypertension were followed up by transesophageal echocardiography.Results:The transcatheter closure of atrial septum defect(ASD) was successfully performed in 114 patients. 3 patients were successfully treated with right fourth intercostal small incision atrial defect occlusion due to the coaxial problem of occlusive device and atrial defect. One patient underwent repair of atrial septum defect during the correction of right ventricular injury. The selected size of occluder ranged from 12 mm to 38 mm. One case of ethmoidal orifice was successfully blocked with double occlusive device. There was no occlusive device displacement, no obvious residual shunt, peripheral vascular injury and other complications occurred in successful occlusive patients. 110 patients were directly transferred back to the general ward after extubation. The postoperative hospital stay was(2.3±1.1) days and the total hospitalization time was(4.5±1.7) days. There were 7 patients with tricuspid regurgitation above mild to moderate before operation, and 6 patients with tricuspid regurgitation decreased to mild regurgitation after occlusion. One month after operation, the pulmonary artery pressure of 51 patients with moderate and severe pulmonary hypertension decreased from(50.4±11.4)mmHg to(38.9±12.9) mmHg( P<0.05). The occlusive device was well fixed and no residual shunt was found. Conclusion:Transesophageal echocardiography guided transcatheter closure of atrial septum defect is not only safe and effective in adult cardiac surgery, but also can avoid radiation and contrast agent injury.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 843-847, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796355

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between serum C1q and tumor necrosis factor related protein 6(CTRP6) level and insulin resistance in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).@*Methods@#A total of 167 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM in the outpatient department of our hospital were recruited from April 2016 to March 2017 and 165 subjects with normal glucose tolerance were used as the control group. The concentrations of CTRP6, interleukin 6 (IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were determined by ELISA.@*Results@#Circulating CTRP6 level was significantly higher in T2DM group than that in control group [(652.54±132.57) vs (521.28±119.93)μg/L, P<0.01] after adjusting age and body mass index (BMI). Overweight/obese subjects revealed higher CTRP6 levels compared with those in lean individuals. In addition, circulating CTRP6 level was positively correlated with BMI, waist circumference, fasting plasma glucose, postprandial 2h plasma glucose, HbA1C, fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), triglyceride (TG), IL-6, MCP-1, highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and TNF-α, while it was inversely correlated with high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol(P<0.01). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that TG, HOMA-IR, and IL-6 were independent factors for CTRP6 level. After adjusting for potential confounders, CTRP6 remained an independent risk factor for T2DM. Trend test showed that the increase in CTRP6 level was significantly linear with the occurrence of T2DM. The analysis of receiver operating characteristic curves revealed that the area under the curve for circulating CTRP6 to predict T2DM was 0.730.@*Conclusions@#CTRP6 may be associated with insulin resistance.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 843-847, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791725

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between serum C1q and tumor necrosis factor related protein 6 ( CTRP6 ) level and insulin resistance in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods A total of 167 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM in the outpatient department of our hospital were recruited from April 2016 to March 2017 and 165 subjects with normal glucose tolerance were used as the control group. The concentrations of CTRP6, interleukin 6 (IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 ( MCP-1), and tumor necrosis factor a( TNF-α) were determined by ELISA. Results Circulating CTRP6 level was significantly higher in T2DM group than that in control group [(652.54 ± 132.57) vs ( 521.28 ± 119.93) μg/L, P<0.01] after adjusting age and body mass index (BMI). Overweight/obese subjects revealed much higher CTRP6 levels compared with those in lean individuals. In addition, circulating CTRP6 level was positively correlated with BMI, waist circumference, fasting plasma glucose, postprandial 2h plasma glucose, HbA1C, fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index ( HOMA-IR), triglyceride ( TG), IL-6, MCP-1, highly sensitive C-reactive protein ( hs-CRP ), and TNF-α, while it was inversely correlated with high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol ( P<0.01). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that TG, HOMA-IR, and IL-6 were independent factors for CTRP6 level. After adjusting for potential confounders, CTRP6 remains an independent risk factor for T2DM. Trend detection showed that the increase in CTRP6 level was significantly linear with the occurrence of T2DM. The analysis of receiver operating characteristic curves revealed that the area under the curve for circulating CTRP6 to predict T2DM was 0.730. Conclusions CTRP6 may be associated with insulin resistance.

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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 601-604, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755371

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Objective To summarize the treatment decision-making strategy and its long-term efficacy for advanced elderly patients with severe valvular heart disease and clear indications for surgery.Methods Clinical data of 196 patients aged 75 years and older firmly diagnosed as severe valvular heart diseases were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were divided into the surgical group (a mean age of 77.4±2.0 years,n=126)and the conservative group(a mean age of 80.5±5.0 years,n =70).Factors affecting therapeutic decision-making were analyzed,and the differences in a long-term survival were compared between the two groups.Results The most common reason for choosing conservative treatment was the recommendation of the doctor giving a preliminary diagnosis and worrying about the high-risk surgery for the patients(62.9%,44/70).Only 26(37.1%)patients in the conservative group were evaluated by cardiac surgeons,among whom 12 (17.1%)patients were considered to have surgical contraindications,and 14 (20.0%) patients themselves or their family members chose conservative treatment for the fear of surgical risks.Patients in the operation group were mainly from the outpatient department of cardiac surgery,and only 8 (6.3 %)cases were referred from department of internal medicine.Logistic regression analysis showed that female,chronic renal insufficiency,advanced age,pneumonia and emergency hospital admissions were independent predictors for the conservative option(P <0.01),while patients with isolated aortic valve disease tended to receive surgical treatment.Overall 5-year survival was higher in the surgical group than in the conservative group (76.4% vs.39.9%,P < 0.01).Cox regression analysis disclosed that the conservative treatment option was the single risk factor for long-term survival in all series.Conclusions Many factors affect the process of therapeutic decision-making for patients with severe valvular heart diseases,and a multidisciplinary collaboration is the best way for the optimal treatment strategy for those patients.

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Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 75-79, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805914

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Objective@#To study the intracellular location and characteristic of SFTSV NP protein in different phases using mini singlet oxygen generator (miniSOG) labeling technique.@*Methods@#MiniSOG is a recently-invented genetically-encoded tag for EM. MiniSOG-fused SFTSV NP (NPSOG) gene was cloned by PCR, and inserted into pcDNA3.0 plasmid to form pTPL-NPSOG, which was used to transfect 293 cells. The transfected cells of different phases were fixed in 2.5% glutaraldehyde in situ, stained with DAB through the photooxidation activity of miniSOG, and used to prepare ultrathin sections. Intracellular location and characteristic of SFTSV NP protein in different phases were studied by observing the sections under transmission electron microscope.@*Results@#After transfecting the plasmid with NPSOG to 293 cells, NP protein was expressed in cytoplasm and peri nucleus, and gradually aggregated, which connected with endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus to form larger volume and irregular inclusion bodies in cytoplasm. No obvious subcellular structure changes were found.@*Conclusions@#The SFTSV nucleoprotein can be expressed separately to form inclusion bodies without the assistance of other viral proteins. The formation of inclusion bodies requires the directional movement and aggregation of a certain number of NP proteins, which may involve the interaction of NP protein and host organelles during this period.

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Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 335-338,343, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711783

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Objective The aim of the study is to evaluate the early and long-term outcomes of mitral valve repair for degenerative mitral regurgitation.Methods From January 2003 to December 2015,clinical profiles of 1 903 patients with degenerative mitral regurgitation who underwent mitral valve repair at our institution were analyzed retrospectively.There were 1 312 males (68.9 %) and 591 females (31.1%) the mean age was (54.2 ± 13.1) years.Early and long-term outcomes were summarized and risk factors for adverse events were assessed.Results There were 35 in-hospital deaths(1.8%) and in-hospital mortality for isolated mitral valve repair was 0.9% (10/1 163).Perioperative complications included central nerve system complications(0.7%),respiratory failure requiring tracheotomy(1.8%),acute renal injury requiring hemodialysis(1.2%) and reoperation for bleeding(0.7 %).NYHA function class Ⅲ-Ⅳ (OR =3.65),atrial fibrillation (OR =2.85) and ejection fraction <0.6(OR =2.34) were identified as independent risk factors for in-hospital mortality.12 years over follow-up,overall survival,freedom from reoperation for mitral valve and freedom from recurrent moderate/severe regurgitation were 85% 、91% and 75%,respectively.Age > 60 years(HR =7.43),preoperative stroke(HR =6.51),ejection fraction < 0.6 (HR =3.87),left ventricular end-systolic dimension > 40 mm (HR =3.98) and pulmonary systolic pressure > 50 mmHg (1 mmHg =0.133 kPa) (HR =2.85) were independent predictive factors for late death.Ejection fraction < 0.6 (HR =4.01),left ventricular end-diastolic dimension > 60 mm(HR =1.88),leaflet lesion involving anterior leaflet (HR =2.40) and residue mild regurgitation(HR =4.17) were independent predictors for late recurrent regurgitation.Leaflet lesion involving anterior leaflet(HR =2.40) and residue mild regurgitation (HR =3.35) were independent predictor for late reoperation for mitral valve.Conclusion Mitral valve repair is safe and effective in degenerative mitral regurgitation.Early surgical intervention for asymptomatic patients with preserved left ventricular function before onset of atrial fibrillation and pulmonary artery hypertension is associated with decreased incidence of adverse events and improved long-term outcomes.Early surgical intervention should be restricted in experienced high-volume centers.

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Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 17-21, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711712

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Objective The aim of the study was to compare the early and mid-term outcomes of isolate mitral valve repair through minimal invasive and median sternotomy approach .Methods From July 2009 to December 2015, 329 patients under-went minimal invasive isolated mitral valve repair through right thoracic approach at our institution .The mean age was(48 ±14) years(15-78 years), 202 patients(61.4%) were male and 137 patients(41.6%) were in NYHA class Ⅲ-Ⅳ.570 patients underwent isolate mitral valve repair through median sternotomy in the same period .Propensity score matching identify 248 pa-tient pairs with similar preoperative characteristics .Early and mid-term outcomes were compared between propensity-matched groups.Results After propensity matching, the mean cardiopulmonary bypass time[(91 ±27)min vs.(76 ±27)min, P<0.05] and aorta cross clamp time[(52 ±18)min vs.(43 ±15)min, P<0.05] were significantly longer in minimal invasive group.24 hours drainage volume was significantly less[(353 ±329)ml vs.(446 ±356)ml, P <0.05] and patients need transfusion was significantly fewer(22.2% vs 31.5%, P<0.05) in minimal invasive group.Incidence of stroke, poor wound healing, renal failure requiring hemodialysis and tracheotomy were similar between the two groups(P>0.05).There were two in-hospital death in minimal invasive group(respiratory failure) and median sternotomy group(low cardiac output syndrome), respectively.Follow-up was 91% complete and the mean follow-up time was(28 ±21) months(3-89 months).At 7 year after surgery, overall survival were 99%and 100%(P>0.05) in minimal invasive group and median sternotomy group, respective-ly.Freedom from reoperation were 100% and 95%(P>0.05) and freedom from recurrent mitral regurgitation were 95% and 90%(P>0.05).Conclusion Minimal invasive mitral valve repair was safe, effective and provide equivalent mid-term out-comes compared to median sternotomy approach .Minimal invasive surgery provided cosmetic benefits , decreased postoperative trauma.As the accumulation of clinical experience, complex repair is feasible through minimal invasive surgery.Adoption of minimal invasive surgery will increase the acceptance of early intervention strategy among asymptomatic MR patients and thus improve late outcomes and life quality .

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Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 236-244, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737195

ABSTRACT

Melatonin has been reported to inhibit hepatic fibrosis and the mechanism may be correlated to its anti-oxidant effect.Nevertheless,the mechanism is not completely identified.This study was conducted to investigate the effects of melatonin on TGF-β1/Smad signaling pathway in liver fibrosis in rats.The liver fibrosis model was made by the subcutaneous injection of CCl4.The liver pathology changes were detected using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and Van Gieson (VG) staining.Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activities were measured with an autoanalyzer.Glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities and levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydroxyproline (Hyp) in liver were evaluated by spectrophotometry.Expression levels of TGF-β1,Smad2/3,phosphorylated Smad2/3 (p-Smad2/3) and Smad7 in liver were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis.Results showed that melatonin suppressed CC14-induced liver fibrosis,along with an improvement in histological changes,significant decreases in pathologic grading sores and obvious decreases in Hyp levels in liver.Melatonin improved liver function indicated by decreased serum ALT and AST activities.In addition,melatonin exerted its anti-oxidant effects,as supported by decreased MDA levels and increased GPx activities in liver.Furthermore,melatonin inhibited TGF-β1/Smad pathway,as evidenced by decreased TGF-β1,Smad2/3 and p-Smad2/3 expression and increased Smad7 expression in liver.In conclusion,melatonin may suppress CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats via inhibiting TGF-β1/Smad pathway.It is possible for melatonin to be a potential reagent to treat and cure liver fibrosis.

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