Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 522
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920822

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize our experience in the treatment of esophageal foreign bodies. Methods    A retrospective analysis of 149 patients of esophageal foreign bodies in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from December 2011 to May 2019 was carried out, including 75 (50.3%) females and 74 (49.7%) males with an average age of 57 (2-85) years. Results    There were 146 patients confirmed by endoscopy, and 3 patients were not found foreign body. Among the confirmed patients, 127 patients were removed by gastroscope and 19 patients were treated by operation. Esophageal foreign bodies are mainly related to the types of food. Jujube seed is the most common food foreign body in the northwest China. The injury rate of mucosal was 47.54% within 48 hours. The complication rate of taking out the foreign body after 48 hours was 100.0%. The success rate by endoscopy decreased (P=0.005), if the foreign body combined perforation. There was no statistical difference between the neck and other parts when using ultra-fine gastroscope (P=0.157). Conclusion    The sharper the foreign body is, the easier the perforation is. The earlier the foreign body is removed, the less complications are. The size of the foreign body determines the difficulty of endoscopic removal. Gastroscopy is the first choice for diagnosis and treatment, especially ultra-fine gastroscopy, and the foreign bodies that cannot be removed by endoscopy need surgical treatment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913063

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the roles of inducible costimulatory molecules (ICOS) and related cytokines in the immune regulation of Echinococcus granulosus infections in mice. Methods Eighty BALB/c mice (weight 18–22 g) were divided into the control and infection groups, of 40 animals in each group. E. granulosus infection was modeled in mice by intraperitoneal injection of 10 000 protoscoleces per mouse. Serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and peripheral interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-10 levels were measured 2, 8, 30, 60, 180 days post-infection. Mouse liver specimens were excised for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunostaining, and ICOS expression was quantified in mouse liver specimens using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay. Results There were no significant differences in serum ALT (F = 12.082, P < 0.05), AST (F = 6.347, P < 0.05) or ALP levels (F = 52.186, P < 0.05) in mice 2, 8, 30, 60 and 180 days post-infection with E. granulosus. The serum ALT levels were significantly higher in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(61.72 ± 9.89) vs. (50.65 ± 4.67)U/L, P < 0.05] and 30 days post-infection [(80.61 ± 23.71)vs.(67.75 ± 9.79)U/L, P < 0.05], and the serum ALT levels were significantly higher in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(181.06 ± 60.61) vs.(115.58 ± 17.66)U/L, P < 0.05] and 180 days post-infection [(137.84 ± 29.01) vs. (108.05 ± 10.33) U/L, P < 0.05], while greater serum ALP levels were measured in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(162.90 ± 21.04)vs.(64.54 ± 5.99)U/L, P < 0.05], 8[(176.36 ± 24.56) vs. (62.70 ± 9.21)U/L, P < 0.05] and 30 days post-infection [(138.86 ± 13.59) vs. (58.60 ± 5.28) U/L, P < 0.05]. A few inflammatory cells were seen in mouse liver in the infection group 30 days post-infection, and no apparent changes were found in the mouse hepatic structure 60 days post-infection. On day 180 post-infection, a large number of epithelium-like cells presented fibrotic growth in mouse liver in the cyst-infiltrating regions, with cuticula formation seen, and plenty of red cells were present in lesions and hepatocyte space. Positive ICOS expression was detected in mouse liver in the infection group, with ICOS-positive cells predominantly seen in the cytoplasm of the hepatocyte, and the ICOS expression increased over time. The relative ICOS mRNA expression was 2.732 ± 0.094 on day 180 post-infection, which was significantly greater than that on day 2 postinfection (0.746 ± 0.049). There were no significant differences in serum IL-4 or IL-10 levels at different time points after E. granulosus infections, while the serum IL-4 and IL-10 levels peaked in the infection group 180 days and 60 days post-infection, respectively. Higher serum IL-4 levels were measured in the infection group than in the control group 8 [(22.50 ± 3.24) vs. (5.82 ± 0.49) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 30 [(15.49 ± 4.73) vs. (5.10 ± 1.38) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 60 [(36.93 ± 6.14) vs. (4.13 ± 1.19) pg/mL, P < 0.05] and 180 days post-infection [(198.35 ± 0.70) vs. (4.19 ± 0.98) pg/mL, P < 0.05], and higher IL-10 levels were measured in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(4.84 ± 1.91) vs. (2.11 ± 1.03) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 8 [(44.72 ± 14.63) vs. (3.16 ± 0.60) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 30 [(25.47 ± 8.00) vs. (3.83 ± 1.87) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 60 [(187.16 ± 60.44) vs. (3.69 ± 1.05) pg/mL, P < 0.05] and 180 days post-infection [(85.40 ± 7.15) vs. (3.25 ± 0.93) pg/mL, P < 0.05]. Conclusions High ICOS expression is present in the liver of mice with E. granulosus infections. The positive ICOS expression and immune activation levels increase with the time of E. granulosus infections, leading to aggravation of hepatocyte injury caused by inflammation.

3.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 551-561, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888745

ABSTRACT

Glioma is the most common lethal tumor of the human brain. The median survival of patients with primary World Health Organization grade IV glioma is only 14.6 months. The World Health Organization classification of tumors of the central nervous system categorized gliomas into lower-grade gliomas and glioblastomas. Unlike primary glioblastoma that usually develop de novo in the elderly, secondary glioblastoma enriched with an isocitrate dehydrogenase mutant typically progresses from lower-grade glioma within 5-10 years from the time of diagnosis. Based on various evolutional trajectories brought on by clonal and subclonal alterations, the evolution patterns of glioma vary according to different theories. Some important features distinguish the normal brain from other tissues, e.g., the composition of the microenvironment around the tumor cells, the presence of the blood-brain barrier, and others. The underlying mechanism of glioma recurrence and evolution patterns of glioma are different from those of other types of cancer. Several studies correlated tumor recurrence with tumor heterogeneity and the immune microenvironment. However, the detailed reasons for the progression and recurrence of glioma remain controversial. In this review, we introduce the different mechanisms involved in glioma progression, including tumor heterogeneity, the tumor microenvironment and drug resistance, and their pre-clinical implements in clinical trials. This review aimed to provide new insights into further clinical strategies for the treatment of patients with recurrent and secondary glioma.


Subject(s)
Aged , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Drug Resistance , Glioblastoma , Glioma/genetics , Humans , Mutation , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy , Tumor Microenvironment
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888082

ABSTRACT

In this study, emotional stress-induced herpes simplex virus type 1(HSV-1) susceptibility model was employed to simu-late the pathological state of " depression-induced liver fire", and the protection effect of Qingre Xiaoyanning(QX) in clearing liver fire was investigated. BALB/c mice were randomly divided into a normal group, a HSV-1 group, a restraint stress + HSV-1 group,low-(0. 658 g·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(1. 316 g·kg~(-1)) QX groups, and an acyclovir group. Except for the normal group and the HSV-1 group, the mice in other groups received daily restraint stress for 6 h from day 3 of medication. On day 9 of medication, mice were anesthetized by isoflurane and infected intranasally with HSV-1. Survival rate, weight change, encephalitis symptoms, and eye injury of mice were recorded for 14 d after virus infection. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and immunohistochemical staining were used to detect pathological changes and HSV-1 antigen distribution. Plaque assay was performed to detect the titer of HSV-1. The protein ex-pression of ICP27 in the mouse brain was detected by Western blot. The experimental results showed that QX could increase the survival rate of HSV-1-infected mice loaded with emotional stress(P<0. 001), reduce the titer of HSV-1 in the mouse brain(P<0. 01), relieve brain inflammation(P<0. 05) and eye injury(P<0. 05), down-regulate the expression of ICP27 related to HSV-1(P<0. 05), and decrease the distribution of HSV-1 antigen in the mouse brain. The results demonstrated that QX significantly reduced the susceptibility to HSV-1 induced by emotional stress, which is expected to provide a theoretical basis for the treatment and preven-tion of HSV-1 infection and promote the clinical development and application of Chinese medicine effective in clearing liver fire.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Herpes Simplex , Herpesvirus 1, Human , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Psychological Distress
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886862

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the therapeutic effect and safety of irreversible electroporation (IRE) ablation technique on esophageal cancer. Methods    An ECM830 electroporator was used for IRE treatment on esophageal cancer cells EC109 and KYSE30. According to the different electric field intensity, five groups were assigned: a control group, a 500 V/cm group, a 1 000 V/cm group, a 1 500 V/cm group, and a 2 000 V/cm group. After 24 h, methyl thiazolyltetrazolium (MTT) was used to detect the cell proliferation of each group. Western blotting was performed to evaluate the expression of apoptosis proteins in cells before or after IRE treatment. Eight healthy BALB/c nude mice were equally divided into two groups: a control group (n=4) and an IRE group (n=4). EC109 was used to establish subcutaneous transplantation tumors and subsequently the mice in the IRE group were treated with flat electrode. The weight and volume of tumors were measured after 14 days. Ten healthy New Zealand white rabbits were equally divided into two groups: a control group (n=5) and an IRE group (n=5). After exposing the abdominal cavity, the abdominal esophagus of the IRE group was treated with flat electrode. Seven days later, the esophagus was extracted for HE and Masson staining. Results    When the electric field intensity was low (500 V/cm), there was no change in esophageal cancer cells proliferation after IRE treatment compared to the control group (EC109: P=0.385, KYSE30: P=0.600). With the increase of electric field intensity, the influence of IRE on the proliferation of esophageal cancer cell gradually increased. When it reached 2 000 V/cm, there was basically no cell viability after IRE treatment (P<0.001). The results of Western blotting showed that the expression of cleaved caspase-3 increased after IRE treatment (P<0.01). Animal experiments indicated that the weight and volume of tumors in nude mice reduced (P<0.05) and the growth of tumors was slowed down after IRE treatment. In addition, the parenchymal cells of rabbit esophagus were largely damaged, while interstitial tissues such as fibers were well preserved. Conclusion    IRE ablation has the potential to inhibit the proliferation of esophageal cancer cell and slow down the tumor growth.What’s more, it is safe for the esophagus.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885526

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and pathogenic mutations of propionic acidemia.Methods:Clinical data of two patients with propionic acidemia admitted to the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from May 2017 to June 2018 were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of the patients and their parents. Inherited disease panel based on Ion Torrent semiconductor sequencing technology was performed to detect gene mutations, and those with suspected pathogenic mutations were verified by Sanger sequencing. Descriptive statistical analysis was used for data analysis.Results:Case 1 was suspected of sepsis and admitted to the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Nanjing Medical University due to "drowsiness and milk rejection" on the second day after birth. Tandem mass spectrometry suggested the level of propionyl carnitine and its ratios to acetylcarnitine and free carnitine were increased. Urine gas chromatography-mass spectrometry showed elevated 3-hydroxypropionic acid and methylcitric acid. Genetic analysis revealed that the infant carried c.331C>T (p.R111X)/c.1228C>T (p.R410W) compound heterozygous mutations in the PCCB gene. The infant was diagnosed with propionic acidemia and treated with a special diet with an L-Carnitine supplement but died of sudden coma and vomiting without precipitating factors at three months of age. Case 2 presented with sudden vomiting, drowsiness, and anergia on the admission at five-months old. Tandem mass spectrometry showed increased propionyl carnitine level and its ratios. Compound heterozygous mutations of c.146delG (p.G49EfsX16)/c.1253C>T (p.A418V) in the PCCB gene were identified in the patient, of which c.146delG (p.G49EfsX16) was a de novo mutation and was evaluated as a pathogenic mutation. The patient was on a special diet with an L-Carnitine supplement, but with disobedience. Followed up to the age of three years and eight months, the child was severely underdeveloped. Conclusions:Neonates with clinically suspected sepsis may have propionic acidemia, and tandem mass spectrometry and genetic testing should be performed as soon as possible to confirm or rule out the diagnosis. Further investigations on the pathogenesis and function of the new mutation are still needed.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 40-47, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884415

ABSTRACT

Objective:To probe the diagnostic performance of the combined evaluation of stenosis and plaque characteristics based on coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in identification of myocardial ischemic lesions, using the invasive coronary angiography (ICA)-based fractional flow reserve (FFR) as the gold standard.Methods:From November 2018 to March 2020, the patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease and scheduled for ICA at 5 clinical trials centers were enrolled in this study. All the patients underwent CCTA, ICA and FFR in turn in one week. The luminal stenosis and plaque characteristics were measured and assessed including plaque burden, volume ratios of calcification and non-calcification, lesion length and CT vulnerable features. All culprit vessels were divided into FFR≤0.8 and FFR>0.8 groups, and the parameters of plaque characteristics were compared. The correlation of ischemic lesions with CCTA stenosis and plaque characteristics was analyzed by the logistic regression analysis. The ROC curve was used to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of CCTA stenosis rate and plaque characteristics, meanwhile the area under curve (AUC) of each parameter was compared by Delong test.Results:Three hundred and sixty-six culprit vessels in 317 patients were analyzed in this study (169 vessels in ischemia group and 197 in nonischemia group). The plaque burden [34.3% (30.3%, 38.8%) vs. 32.4% (28.5%, 37.9%); Z=-2.622, P=0.009], proportion of CT vulnerable features [26.9% (45/169) vs.11.7% (23/197); χ 2=15.311, P<0.001] and lesion length [22.1 (14.4, 35.0) mm vs. 17.6 (11.0, 26.0) mm; Z=-4.388, P<0.001] in FFR≤0.8 group were higher than those in FFR>0.8 group. The results of logistic regression analysis revealed that CCTA stenosis, lesion length, and CT vulnerable features were significant predictors for myocardial ischemia (OR values: 3.794, 2.461, 1.027; P<0.001, P=0.002, P=0.002). The diagnostic performance of CCTA ≥50% stenosis alone in identification of ischemic lesions was low (AUC=0.625). When it combined high-risk plaque characteristics and lesion length, the AUC was improved to 0.714 with a statistical significance. Conclusions:CCTA stenosis, lesion length, and CT vulnerable features are major predictors in identification of myocardial ischemic lesions, and the combination will significantly improve the diagnostic performance of CCTA ≥50% stenosis.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1386-1389, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882098

ABSTRACT

@#Retinopathy of prematurity(ROP)is an avoidable and controllable oculopathy of blindness and low vision in children. Screening is the premise and a key measure for early detection, intervention and treatment. It is of great significance to reducing the blindness rate and visual impairment of children. The main of this review is to review the current situation on screening and morbidity of ROP in China, and to provide reference for preventive and treatment of ROP.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881246

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the clinical outcomes of larynx-preserving limited resection with total thoracic esophagectomy and gastric pull-up reconstruction for the treatment of cervical esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) without tumor involvement of the larynx and hypopharynx compared with the upper thoracic ESCC. Methods    Retrospective and comparative analysis of consecutive patients with cervical and upper thoracic ESCC who underwent R0 surgical resection from 2006 to 2011 in our center was performed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the patients’ survival. Results    In total, 44 pairs of patients, including 71 males and 17 females with an average age of 60.66±8.49 years were enrolled in the study after propensity score matching. The baseline characteristics of the two groups of patients were well balanced. There was no statistical difference in the operation time (P=0.100), blood loss (P=0.685), mortality rate in 30 days (P=1.000), total complication rate (P=0.829), cervical anastomosis leakage (P=0.816), mechanical ventilation (P=1.000), normal oral diet within 15 days (P=0.822) and anastomosis recurrence rate (P=0.676) between the two groups. Survival analysis showed that there was no statistical difference in survival time between the cervical group [31.83 (95%CI 8.65-55.02) months] and upper thoracic group [37.73 (95%CI 25.29-50.18) months, P=0.533]. The 5-year survival rates were 32.6% and 42.1%, respectively. Conclusion    Larynx-preserving limited resection  with total thoracic esophagectomy and gastric pull-up reconstruction for the treatment of cervical ESCC without involvement of the larynx and hypopharynx may result in a similar clinical outcome to upper thoracic ESCC.

10.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 141-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880252

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Perioperative treatment has become an increasingly important aspect of the management of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Small-scale clinical studies performed in recent years have shown improvements in the major pathological remission rate after neoadjuvant therapy, suggesting that it will soon become an important part of NSCLC treatment. Nevertheless, neoadjuvant immunotherapy may be accompanied by serious adverse reactions that lead to delay or cancelation of surgery, additional illness, and even death, and have therefore attracted much attention. The purpose of the clinical recommendations is to form a diagnosis and treatment plan suitable for the current domestic medical situation for the immune-related adverse event (irAE).@*METHODS@#This recommendation is composed of experts in thoracic surgery, oncologists, thoracic medicine and irAE related departments (gastroenterology, respirology, cardiology, infectious medicine, hematology, endocrinology, rheumatology, neurology, dermatology, emergency section) to jointly complete the formulation. Experts make full reference to the irAE guidelines, large-scale clinical research data published by thoracic surgery, and the clinical experience of domestic doctors and publicly published cases, and repeated discussions in multiple disciplines to form this recommendation for perioperative irAE.@*RESULTS@#This clinical recommendation covers the whole process of prevention, evaluation, examination, treatment and monitoring related to irAE, so as to guide the clinical work comprehensively and effectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Perioperative irAE management is an important part of immune perioperative treatment of lung cancer. With the continuous development of immune perioperative treatment, more research is needed in the future to optimize the diagnosis and treatment of perioperative irAE.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 584-589, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873673

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effect of isofla vaspidicacid PB (called PB for short )on the biofilm adhesion and the gene expression of ergosterol metabolism related enzymes in Trichophyton rubrum . METHODS :M38-A2 method was adopted to determine MIC of PB to T. rubrum . MTT assay was used to screen the biolfilm condition and initial adhesion period of T. rubrum . The effects of different concentrations of PB (40,80,160 µg/mL)on the adhesion duration of T. rubrum (growth control group without PB was set up ,similarly hereinafter )were evaluated and the adhesion rate was calculated by using XTT assay ;the effects of different concentrations of PB (20,40,80 µg/mL)on the biofilm formation of T. rubrum at different initial adhesion periods (3,5,9 h)were observed and the adhesion rate was calculated by using XTT assay combined with inverted microscope ;qRT-PCR method was used to detect the effects of PB (320 µg/mL)on the mRNA expression of ergosterol metabolism related enzyme gene ERG6 and ERG11 in biofilm of T. rubrum . RESULTS :MIC of PB to T. rubrum was 20 µg/mL. The biofilm of T. rubrum in RPMI-1640 medium containing 10% FBS was the most metabolism activity at 6 h of initial adhesion. Compared with growth control group ,after treated with different concentrations of PB ,adhesion rate and mRNA expression of ERG6 and ERG11 in biofilm were decreased significantly (P<0.01). Hyphae decreased or even disappeared ,and the adhesion inhibition rate (at 5 and 9 h of initial adhesion )increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :PB can inhibit the adhesion of T. rubrum and reduce the hyphae ;the mechanism may be associated with the inhibition of the biofilm adhesion and mRNA expression of ergosterol metabolism related enzyme gene ERG6 and ERG11.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873542

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the safety and feasibility of laryngeal mask general anesthesia as a replacement of tracheal intubation general anesthesia in the "three-port" thoracoscopic thymectomy via subxiphoid and subcostal arch for thymoma patients without myasthenia. Methods    From January 2018 to June 2019, clinical data of patients with thymoma who underwent the novel "three-port" operation in our institution were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups according to the anesthesia methods, including a tracheal intubation general anesthesia group and a laryngeal mask general anesthesia group. There were 70 patients in the tracheal intubation general anesthesia group, including 42 males and 28 females, with an average age of 45.83±15.89 years. There were 39 patients in the laryngeal mask general anesthesia group, including 26 males and 13 females, with an average age of 43.31±15.64 years. The clinical data of the two groups were compared. Results    The baseline characteristics of the patients in the two groups were well balanced (P>0.05). No massive bleeding, conversion to thoracotomy, postoperative myasthenia or death occurred in those patients. No patient with laryngeal mask anesthesia had a conversion to tracheal intubation anesthesia during the operation. There was no significant difference in the operation time, intraoperative bleeding, intraoperative maximum partial pressure of CO2, lowest partial pressure of oxygen and anesthesia effect score between the two groups (P>0.05). There was also no statistical difference in postoperative aspiration, gastrointestinal discomfort, length of hospital stay, pain score and patient satisfaction degree between the two groups (P>0.05). However, the anesthesia time before operation and the time of awake after anesthesia in the laryngeal mask anesthesia group were significantly shorter than those in the tracheal intubation general anesthesia group (P<0.05), and the incidence of transient arrhythmia, laryngeal discomfort and hoarseness in the laryngeal mask general anesthesia group was significantly lower than that in the tracheal intubation general anesthesia group (P<0.05). Conclusion    The "three-port" thoracoscopic thymectomy via subxiphoid and subcostal arch under laryngeal mask general anesthesia is safe and feasible in the treatment of thymoma without myasthenia, and can be recommended routinely.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879094

ABSTRACT

This article aims to investigate the ameliorative effect of Linderae Radix ethanol extract on hyperlipidemia rats induced by high-fat diet and to explore its possible mechanism from the perspective of reverse cholesterol transport(RCT). SD rats were divided into normal group, model group, atorvastatin group, Linderae Radix ethanol extract(LREE) of high, medium, low dose groups. Except for the normal group, the other groups were fed with a high-fat diet to establish hyperlipidemia rat models; the normal group and the model group were given pure water, while each administration group was given corresponding drugs by gavage once a day for five weeks. Serum total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-c), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol(LDL-c), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) levels were measured by automatic blood biochemistry analyzer; the contents of TC, TG, total bile acid(TBA) in liver and TC and TBA in feces of rats were detected by enzyme colorimetry. HE staining was used to observe the liver tissue lesions; immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of ATP-binding cassette G8(ABCG8) in small intestine; Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma/aerfa(PPARγ/α), liver X receptor-α(LXRα), ATP-binding cassette A1(ABCA1) pathway protein and scavenger receptor class B type Ⅰ(SR-BⅠ) in liver. The results showed that LREE could effectively reduce serum and liver TC, TG levels, serum LDL-c levels and AST activity, and increase HDL-c levels, but did not significant improve ALT activity and liver index; HE staining results showed that LREE could reduce liver lipid deposition and inflammatory cell infiltration. In addition, LREE also increased the contents of fecal TC and TBA, and up-regulated the protein expressions of ABCG8 in small intestine and PPARγ/α, SR-BⅠ, LXRα, and ABCA1 in liver. LREE served as a positive role on hyperlipidemia model rats induced by high-fat diet, which might be related to the regulation of RCT, the promotion of the conversion of cholesterol to the liver and bile acids, and the intestinal excretion of cholesterol and bile acids. RCT regulation might be a potential mechanism of LREE against hyperlipidemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biological Transport , Cholesterol/metabolism , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Hyperlipidemias/metabolism , Liver/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Triglycerides/metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878429

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the effects of antimicrobial peptide GH12 designed @*METHODS@#The cariogenic three-species biofilm consis-ted of the cariogenic @*RESULTS@#The biomass and density of the cariogenic three-species biofilm treated with GH12 decreased compared with those of the control. The number of @*CONCLUSIONS@#GH12 can reduce the number of


Subject(s)
Biofilms , Dental Caries , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Pore Forming Cytotoxic Proteins , Streptococcus mutans
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2398-2402, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921130

ABSTRACT

The demand for acquiring different languages has increased with increasing globalization. However, knowledge of the modification of the new language in the neural language network remains insufficient. Although many details of language function have been detected based on the awake intra-operative mapping results, the language neural network of the bilingual or multilingual remains unclear, which raises difficulties in clinical practice to preserve patients' full language ability in neurosurgery. In this review, we present a summary of the current findings regarding the structure of the language network and its evolution as the number of acquired languages increased in glioma patients. We then discuss a new insight into the awake intra-operative mapping protocol to reduce surgical risks during the preservation of language function in multilingual patients with glioma.


Subject(s)
Brain Mapping , Brain Neoplasms/surgery , Glioma/surgery , Humans , Language , Multilingualism
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1283-1290, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921046

ABSTRACT

By searching the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture and moxibustion from CNKI since its inception date to december 31 of 2019, the development status and hot trend of RCTs of acupuncture and moxibustion in China were summarized. The CiteSpace and VOSviewer software were used to perform keyword co-occurrence analysis, clustering analysis, time-zone analysis and citation-burst analysis, and visual map was drawn. As a result, a total of 60 995 articles were included, which were published in 1027 academic journals with 1787 keywords. The publication date was from 1975 to 2019. During the past 45 years, the publications of RCTs on acupuncture and moxibustion had shown an overall growth trend with characteristics of the times. The RCTs of manual acupuncture ranked the top, and its proportion of publications every 5 years was stable in the past 30 years. Since 1994, the hot words such as electroacupuncture, warming needling, auricular point sticking and various acupoint therapies had emerged; meanwhile, the spectrum of diseases had broadened, and an evolutionary trend corresponding to therapies and disease systems had been formed. In recent decade, the RCTs using moxibustion therapy have increased significantly, and the hot words such as "sub-health" "winter diseases being treated in summer" and "acupoint application/ moxibustion during the dog days" had indicated that acupuncture clinical research was further inclined to the field of chronic disease prevention and health services, which was in line with social development and the needs of the times.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2854-2858, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906651

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the toxicity mechanism of yunacotine-induced arrhythmia in rats. METHODS :Totally 32 rats were randomly divided by random number table method into normal control group ,yunacotine low-dose and high-dose groups (0.09,0.14 mg/kg),aconitine group (positive control ,0.88 mg/kg),with 8 rats in each group. Administration groups were given the corresponding drugs once a day ,and normal control group was given the constant volume of normal saline ,for consecutive 7 d. After last intragastric administration ,the changes of electrocardiogram (ECG) were observed. The contents of adenosine triphosphate(ATP)in myocardial tissue and Ca 2+ in myocardial cells ,the activities of Na +-K+-ATPase and Ca 2+-Mg2+-ATPase as well as the protein expression of ranolidine receptor 2(RyR2)and Ca 2+-ATPase(SERCA2)in myocardial tissue were determined. RESULTS:Compared with normal control group ,time limit of QRS wave and QTc intervals of rats were prolonged significantly in yunaconitine low-dose group (P<0.01). The content of Ca 2 + in myocardial cells , the ATP contents , the activities of Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase and Na +-K+-ATPase as well as the protein expression of SERCA 2 in myocardial tissue were reduced significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The heart rate of rats in yunaconitine high-dose group and aconitine group were increased significantly (P< 0.05 or P<0.01),and time limit of QRS wave and QTc intervals were significantly prolonged (P<0.01);the content of Ca 2+ in myocardial cells was increased significantly (P<0.01);ATP content ,the activities of Ca 2+-Mg2+-ATPase and Na +-K+-ATPase,and protein expression of RyR 2 and SERCA 2 in myocardial tissue were decreased significantly (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS : Yunaconitine can induce arrhythmia in rats ,the mechanism of which may be associated with Ca 2+ overload that resulted from reducing the activities of Na +-K+-ATPase and Ca 2+-Mg2+-ATPase and down-regulating the expression of related calcium transporter RyR2 and SERCA 2.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906025

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of modified Ditantang combined with acupuncture in the treatment of dysphagia after apoplexy (DAS) syndrome of phlegm and blood stasis blocking collaterals. Method:One hundred and eight patients were randomly divided into control group (54 cases) and observation group (54 cases) by number table. Both groups underwent nutritional management,rehabilitation training and acupuncture. Patients in control group additionally took Tongluo Huatan capsules, 3 granules/time, 3 times/day, while patients in observation received modified Ditantang. Both groups had two weeks of treatment. The Kubota's drinking water test, swallowing contrast examination (VFSS), and standard swallowing function assessment (SSA) were conducted. Swallowing disorder specific quality of life scale (SWAL-QOL) and sputum collateral stasis syndrome were scored before and after treatment. The levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), nerve growth factor (NGF) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) before and after treatment. The occurrence of pneumonia, malnutrition, dehydration and aspiration were then recorded. Result:The clinical effective rate was (47/49) 95.92%in the observation group, higher than (41/50) 82.00% in the control group's (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.854,<italic>P</italic><0.05). The grade of Kubota's drinking water test in observation group was lower than that in the control group(<italic>Z</italic>=2.211,<italic>P</italic><0.05). VFSS swallowing dysfunction in observation group was lighter than that in control group(Z=1.969,<italic>P</italic><0.05). The scores of Kubota's drinking water test, SSA and phlegm and blood stasis blocking collateral syndrome in the observation group were all lower than those in the control group(<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the VFSS score was higher than that in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The swallowing symptom score, other symptom scores and total SWAL-QOL scores of the observation group were higher than those of the control group(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The levels of BDNF and NGF in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), but the NSE level was lower than that in the control group(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The complication rate in the observation group was (6/49)12.24%, which was lower than (15/50)30.00% in the control group(<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.668,<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:On the basis of nutrition management and rehabilitation training, modified Ditantang combined with acupuncture can reduce the risk of dysphagia and aspiration, improve the degree of neurological deficits, improve the quality of life, and reduce complications in treatment of DAS syndrome of phlegm and blood stasis, with significant clinical efficacy.

19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 29-40, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875605

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of liver transplantation (LT) and liver resection (LR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) and to investigate risk factors affecting prognosis. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 94 HCC patients with PVTT type I (segmental PVTT) and PVTT type II (lobar PVTT) were involved and divided into LR (n=47) and LT groups (n=47). Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared before and after inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW). Prognostic factors for RFS and OS were explored. @*Results@#Two treatment groups were well-balanced using IPTW. In the entire cohort, LT provided a better prognosis than LR. Among patients with PVTT type I, RFS was better with LT (p=0.039); OS was not different significantly between LT and LR (p=0.093). In subgroup analysis of PVTT type I patients with α-fetoprotein (AFP) levels >200 ng/mL, LT elicited significantly longer median RFS (18.0 months vs. 2.1 months, p=0.022) and relatively longer median OS time (23.6 months vs. 9.8 months, p=0.065). Among patients with PVTT type II, no significant differences in RFS and OS were found between LT and LR (p=0.115 and 0.335, respectively). Multivariate analyses showed treatment allocation (LR), tumor size (>5 cm), AFP and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels to be risk factors of RFS and treatment allocation (LR), AFP and AST as risk factors for OS. @*Conclusion@#LT appeared to afford a better prognosis for HCC with PVTT type I than LR, especially in patients with AFP levels >200 ng/mL.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880668

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The prevalence of asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in China is lower than that in European and American countries and the study about the characteristics of asymptomatic PHPT was rare in China. This study aims to explore the characteristics of asymptomatic PHPT.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 150 patients with PHPT confirmed by operation and pathological examination were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were assigned into a symptomatic PHPT group (@*RESULTS@#The proportion of adenomas was higher than that of adenocarcinoma in the asymptomatic PHPT group. The proportion of the first diagnosis due to hypercalcemia found via biochemical examination in the asymptomatic PHPT group was higher than that in the symptomatic PHPT group (76.92% vs 25.81%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Only a minority of PHPT patients are asymptomatic. Compared with the symptomatic PHPT patients, the primary cause of diagnosis is hypercalcemia, the duration of diagnosis and the diameter of parathyroid gland are shorter, the levels of serum calcium, and PTH are lower, the proportion of adenomas, vitamin D, and the BMD of L


Subject(s)
Calcium , China/epidemiology , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/epidemiology , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Hormone , Retrospective Studies
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL