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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912888

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of acupuncture on serum peptide YY (PYY) and nesfatin-1 in obese patients with insulin resistance. Methods: Ninety-eight obese patients with insulin resistance were divided into a control group and an observation group by the random number table method, with 49 cases in each group. The control group received exercise and dietary interventions, and the observation group received additional acupuncture treatment to the exercise and dietary interventions. The body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage, fasting insulin (FINS), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), and serum PYY and nesfatin-1 levels were compared before and after treatment. The efficacy was evaluated after treatment. Results: The total effective rate was significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the BMI, body fat percentage, and serum TG and TC levels decreased significantly in both groups (P<0.05), and were significantly lower in the observation group than those in the control group (P<0.05). The FINS, FPG, HOMA-IR, and serum PYY and nesfatin-1 levels of the control group were not significantly changed after treatment (P>0.05). The FINS, FPG and HOMA-IR of the observation group decreased significantly after treatment (P<0.05), and were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The serum PYY and nesfatin-1 levels of the observation group increased significantly after treatment (P<0.05), and were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Based on exercise and dietary interventions, acupuncture is effective for obese patients with insulin resistance. It can reduce the BMI, body fat percentage, blood lipids, blood glucose, and serum insulin levels and improve insulin resistance. The action may be associated with the up-regulation of serum PYY and nesfatin-1.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912872

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of acupuncture plus MOTOmed intelligent motor training in treating children with spastic cerebral palsy, and analyze the effects on lower limb motor function, intelligence development level, immune function and cerebral hemodynamics.Methods: A total of 42 children with spastic cerebral palsy were selected as the observation objects, and enrolled into the observation group. Another 42 cases treated in the same period were selected as the control group. Both groups received MOTOmed intelligent motor training, and the observation group was given additional acupuncture therapy, and the control group was given additional conventional rehabilitation treatment. After 2 consecutive treatment courses, the psychomotor development index (PDI) and mental development index (MDI) of Children's Developmental Center of China (CDCC) scale, the scores of gross motor function measure (GMFM) scale and modified Ashworth scale (MAS), and the changes in CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and CD4+/CD8+ were observed. The peak systolic velocity (PSV) and mean flow velocity (MFV) of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA), middle cerebral artery (MCA) and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) were observed and measured. The clinical efficacy was evaluated. Results: Compared with the same group before treatment, the scores of GMFM, PDI and MDI, levels of CD3+, CD4+ and CD4+/CD8+, PSV and MFV levels of ACA, MCA and PCA in both groups were significantly increased after treatment (all P<0.05), while the CD8+ level had no significant change (both P>0.05). After treatment, the total effective rate of lower limb spasm in the observation group was 90.5%, significantly higher than 71.4% in the control group (P<0.05). The scores of GMFM, PDI and MDI, the levels of CD3+ and CD4+, PSV and MFV, and the levels of ACA, MCA and PCA in the observation group were all significantly higher than those in the control group (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the CD8+ level and CD4+/CD8+ between the groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion: Acupuncture plus MOTOmed intelligent motor training has a better clinical efficacy than conventional rehabilitation plus MOTOmed intelligent motor training in treating children with spastic cerebral palsy, and is also superior in improving lower limb motor function and the level of intellectual development. And the mechanism may be related to the improvement of cerebral hemodynamics.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 991-995, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910953

ABSTRACT

Objective:To quantitatively evaluate the left ventricular circumferential and longitudinal strain after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI)in elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction(AMI)using speckle-tracking imaging(STI)on echocardiography.Methods:A prospective case-control study was conducted on 47 elderly patients diagnosed with ST-elevation AMI and undergoing percutaneous coronary interference(PCI)in our hospital from August 2017 to June 2020 as PCI-study group.The 35 normal subjects matched for age and sex were as a normal-control group.The longitudinal peak systolic strain(LPSS)and circumferential peak systolic strain(CPSS)were measured using STI at one week and three months after PCI in the two groups.Results:The values of LPSS and CPSS were apical segment > middle segment > basal segment, which was the similar between LPSS and CPSS.Compared with normal-control group, AMI-PCI group showed that CPSS and LPSS in each segment were significantly reduced at 1 week and 3 months after operation.Compared with the control group, all the CPSS and LPSS values were significantly decreased in AMI group at one week after PCI(-12.3±2.7)% vs.(-22.5±1.7)%( t=19.62, P<0.01); (-12.9±3.2)% vs.(-23.1±2.6)%( t=15.43, P<0.01). Both LPSS and CPSS values were improved at a certain extent at three months after PCI compared with AMI group at one week after PCI.The complete CPSS and LPSS values were significantly increased in AMI group at three months after PCI compared with one week after PCI(-16.8±2.6)% vs.(-12.3±2.7)%, ( t=8.23, P<0.01); (-17.0±3.3)% vs.(-12.9±3.2)%( t=6.11, P<0.01). But, there were still significant differences compared with the NC group(-16.8±2.6)% vs.(-22.5±1.7)%( t=11.29, P<0.01); (-17.0±3.3)% vs.(-23.1±2.6)%( t=9.04, P<0.01). Conclusions:The longitudinal and circumferential strain of left ventricle were severely damaged in elderly patients with AMI.The speckle-tracking imaging technique can be used to quantitatively evaluate the left ventricular strain and its improved situation after PCI in elderly AMI patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910032

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare reconstruction of acromioclavicular ligament versus internal fixation of acromioclavicular joint with clavicle hook plate in the treatment of Rockwood Ⅲ-Ⅴ acromioclavicular dislocation by reconstruction of coracoclavicular ligament with suture anchor.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 56 patients who had been treated for Rockwood Ⅲ-Ⅴ acromioclavicular dislocation from January 2015 to June 2019 at Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University (Qingdao). Of them, 26 were treated by reconstruction of coracoclavicular ligament with suture anchor plus reconstruction of acromioclavicular ligament (reconstruction group) and 30 by reconstruction of coracoclavicular ligament with suture anchor plus internal fixation of acromioclavicular joint with clavicle hook plate (plate group). The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, Constant-Murley score and Subjective Shoulder Rating System (SSRS) score at the last follow-up, and complications.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there were no significant differences between them in the baseline data before operation ( P>0.05). The reconstruction group was followed up for 6 to 15 months (average, 7.9 months) while the plate group for 7 to 18 months (average, 11.3 months). The average operation time was (79.9±12.6) min for the reconstruction group and (69.1±8.5) min for the plate group, showing a significant difference ( P<0.05). No significant difference was found between the 2 groups in the intraoperative blood loss [(68.5±19.1) mL versus (65.0±16.6) mL] ( P>0.05). The differences were statistically significant between the 2 groups in Constant-Murley score (87.9±3.4 for the reconstruction group versus 91.9±3.5 for the plate group) and in SSRS score (85.1±4.1 for the reconstruction group versus 88.6±3.0 for the plate group) ( P<0.05). All the wounds healed well in the reconstruction group except for one patient who reported numbness around the wound which disappeared spontaneously 3 months postoperation. In the plate group, incision infection occurred in 2 cases, the redness and swelling in one which responded to dressing change 3 weeks later and numbness around the incision in one which was recovered 5 months after operation. Conclusions:Both surgical procedures can achieve good to excellent clinical outcomes. Although reconstruction of both acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular ligaments takes more operation time, it may lead to better Constant-Murley and SSRS scores and fewer complications, and spare secondary operation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 573-578, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909055

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the epidemic characteristics and influential factors of brucellosis patients in Laizhou, Shandong Province, and to provide scientific basis for prevention and control of brucellosis.Methods:Retrospective analysis was conducted to collect the surveillance data and epidemiological investigation results of confirmed cases of brucellosis in Laizhou from 2016 to 2019 through the "Infectious Disease Report Information Management System of the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System". The general situation, epidemiological characteristics, and clinical characteristics of brucellosis were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology. Using the case-control study method, 81 confirmed cases of brucellosis and 162 healthy people in the same area, same gender and same age as confirmed cases were selected to analyze the influential factors of brucellosis.Results:Totally 222 cases of brucellosis had been reported in Laizhou, with an average annual incidence of 6.57/100 000. The onset age of brucellosis was mainly from 45 to 59 years old, accounting for 46.40% (103/222); male-to-female ratio was 2.42 ∶ 1.00 (157 ∶ 65); the occupation distribution was mainly farmer, accounting for 95.95% (213/222). The onset time of brucellosis was mainly from March to July, accounting for 58.11% (129/222). Cases of brucellosis were reported in 17 townships (streets) of Laizhou, and the top five townships were Zhuqiao, Shahe, Tushan, Chengguo and Yidao towns in order of incidence. Among 222 cases of brucellosis, the shortest interval from onset to diagnosis was 5 d, the longest was 36 d, and the median was 11 d. The main clinical manifestations of the patients were fever (89.19%, 198/222), fatigue (80.63%, 179/222), joint muscle soreness (72.97%, 162/222), and a few accompanied by liver, spleen and testis enlargement. The logistic regression analysis showed that contact with urine, feces and other excrements of diseased animals [odds ratio ( OR) = 6.244, 95% confidence interval ( CI): 1.609 - 24.231] and family members suffering from brucellosis ( OR = 16.363, 95% CI: 2.250 - 119.023) were risk factors of brucellosis. Conclusions:The incidence of brucellosis is mainly among 45 - 59 middle-aged farmers in Laizhou and the incidence peaks in spring and summer. Direct contact with excrements of diseased animals and family members suffering from brucellosis are the risk factors of brucellosis. Health departments should carry out health education and behavioral intervention for farmers in the season and areas with high incidence of brucellosis, so as to improve personal awareness of protection.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907758

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influence of factors before initiation of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) on the prognosis of patients, so as to explore the intervention timing and improvement strategy of ECPR.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 29 patients who underwent ECPR in the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan Normal University (Hunan people's Hospital)from July 2018 to April 2021. Patients were divided into the survival group ( n = 13) and death group ( n = 16) according to whether they survived at discharge. The duration of conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCPR), initial heart rate before ECPR, the ratio of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA), and the ratio of transported cases outside the hospital were compared between the two groups. According to different CCPR time, the patients were divided into the ≤45 min group, 45-60 min group and >60 min group to compare the hospital survival and sustained return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) rate . According to the location of cardiac arrest, the patients from emergency department and other department were divided to compare the survival of IHCA. Results:The total survival rate was 44.83%, the average duration of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was 114 (33.5, 142.5) h, and the average duration of CCPR time was 60 (44.5, 80) min. The duration of ECMO was longer in the survival group than in the death group ( P = 0.001). The duration of CCPR (the time from CPR to ECMO) in the survival group was significantly shorter than that in the death group ( P = 0.010). Patients with defibrillatory rhythm had higher hospital survival rate ( P = 0.010). OHCA patients had higher mortality than IHCA patients ( P = 0.020). Mortality of patients transferred from other hospitals was higher ( P = 0.025). Hospital survival and ROSC decreased in turn by CCPR duration ≤ 45 min, 45-60 min, and > 60 min ( P = 0.001). The location of CA occurrence had no impact on the hospital survival rate of IHCA patients ( P=0.54). Conclusions:Hospital survival of ECPR is higher than that of CCPR. ECPR is effective for refractory cardiac arrest. The prognosis of ECPR is significantly related to the duration of CCPR, initial heart rate, and location of CA. Education and team training should be strengthened to improve the survival rate of ECPR.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907747

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of levosimendan on coronary microembolization (CME)-induced myocardial injury and LOX-1/p38MAPK pathway.Methods:Microspheres were injected into coronary anterior descending branch to construct swine CME model, swine was given levosimendan by continuous intravenous drip for 24 h before modeling, and myocardial-specific overexpression of lectin-like oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor 1 (LOX-1) was achieved through coronary artery injection of adeno-associated virus (AAVs) at 2 weeks before modeling. Then, echocardiography was used to measure cardiac function; HE staining and HBFP staining were used to observe the pathological changes of myocardium and myocardial microinfarction area, respectively; ELISA was used to detect the serum level of cTnI; TUNLE staining was used to detect cardiomyocyte apoptotic index; the LOX-1, Bax, caspase-3 p12, Bcl-2, and p-p38 MAPK protein in myocardial tissue was observed by immunofluorescence method.Results:Compared to the sham group, the LVEF, LVFS, and CO value in the CME group were decreased, while the LVEDd value was increased significantly (all P<0.05); the area of myocardial micro-infarction, serum cTnI level and cardiomyocyte apoptotic rate in the CME group were increased significantly (all P<0.05); the protein levels of Bax, caspase-3 p12, LOX-1, and p-p38 MAPK were increased significantly, while the Bcl-2 level was decreased significantly ( P<0.05). Levosimendan pretreatment significantly improved cardiac dysfunction, reduced the area of myocardial micro-infarction and serum cTnI level, alleviated cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and significantly reduced the LOX-1 and p-p38 MAPK protein expression levels following CME (all P<0.05); while pretreatment with levosimendan and LOX-1 overexpression AAVs simultaneously abolished the effects of pretreatment with levosimendan alone (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Levosimendan alleviates CME-induced myocardial injury through inhibiting cardiomyocyte apoptosis mediated by LOX-1/p38 MAPK signaling pathway.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905317

ABSTRACT

Whirlpool hydrotherapy regulates the threshold through mechanical and thermal effect, promotes blood circulation, increases tissue malleability, and raises pain threshold, to relieve pain. Whirlpool can relieve osteoarthritis pain and improve joint stiffness, relieve myofascial pain and anxiety symptoms, relieve delayed-onset muscle soreness, reduce the sensitivity of pain after delivery. Combined with other physical therapy, it also significantly improves the swelling, pain and spasm of shoulder-hand syndrome. The main mechanism of whirlpool associates with improving the physiological environment of the local tissue, such as increasing the permeability of the vessel, to accelerate the metabolism of the pain media, reduce the nociceptive stimulation on the peripheral receptors; promoting the produce of analgesic substance; regulating the autonomic nervous system and pain gate. However, the specific treatment parameters are different in the studies, which need to be standardized.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2767-2771, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904781

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for the determination of pyrrotinib concentration in plasma ,and apply it in clinic. METHODS :After precipitated with methanol ,the plasma sample was determined by LC-MS/MS using imatinib as internal standard. The determination was performed on Ultimate AQ-C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of methanol (containing 0.1% formic acid )and water (containing 0.1% formic acid )(gradient elution )at the flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. The column temperature was 40 ℃,and the sample size was 5 µL. The ion source was electrospray ionization source ,and the positive ion scanning was carried out in multiple reaction mode. The ion pairs for quantitative analysis were m/z 583.4→138.3(pyrrotinib)and m/z 494.5→ 393.4(internal standard ),respectively. Thirty breast cancer patients taking pyrrotinib were collected from the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University during Jun.-Nov. 2020 to determine their steady-state trough concentrations of pyrrotinib after a week of treatment. RESULTS :The linear range of pyrrotinib were 5-300 ng/mL(r=0.999 3). The lower limit of quantification was 5 ng/mL. RSDs of intra-day and inter-day were not higher than 9.30%,and relative errors (REs)ranged -6.70%-5.04%. REs of stability tests were in the range of -1.92%-5.42%. The extraction method ,matrix effect and residual effect did not affect the quantitative analysis of the substance to be tested. The steady-state trough concentrations of pyrrotinib were 32.6-82.8 ng/mL,with an average plasma concentration of 53.8 ng/mL;there was about 2.54 fold individual difference. CONCLUSIONS :Established LC-MS/MS method is simple ,sensitive and accurate ,and can be used for the plasma concentration monitoring of pyrrotinib in breast cancer patient.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921790

ABSTRACT

Cambodia is rich in medicinal plant resources. One hundred and thirty-three medicinal material samples, including the hole herb, root, stem/branch, leaf, flower, fruit, seed, and resin, were collected from the Orussey Herbal Market in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, and then authenticated by ITS and psbA-trnH. A total of 46 samples were identified based on ITS sequences, belonging to 24 families, 40 genera, and 42 species. A total of 100 samples were identified by psbA-trnH sequences to belong to 42 families, 77 genera, and 84 species. A total of 103 samples were identified by two DNA barcodes. According to the morphological characteristics of the medicinal materials, 120 samples classified into 50 species, 86 genera, and 86 families were identified, and the majority of them were from Zingiberaceae, Fabaceae, and Acanthaceae. Such samples have been commonly used in traditional Cambodian medicine, Ayurvedic medicine, Unani medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, and ethnomedicine, but different medical systems focus on different functional aspects of the same medicinal material. The results of this study have demonstrated that DNA barcoding has a significant advantage in identifying herbal products, and this study has provided basic data for understanding the traditional medicinal materials used in Cambodia.


Subject(s)
Cambodia , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , DNA, Plant/genetics , Humans , Plant Leaves , Plants, Medicinal/genetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921672

ABSTRACT

Dirigent(DIR) proteins are involved in the biosynthesis of lignin, lignans, and gossypol in plants and respond to biotic and abiotic stresses. Based on the full-length transcriptome of Schisandra chinensis, bioinformatics methods were used to preliminarily identify the DIR gene family and analyze the physico-chemical properties, subcellular localization, conserved motifs, phylogeny, and expression patterns of the proteins. The results showed that a total of 34 DIR genes were screened and the encoded proteins were 156-387 aa. The physico-chemical properties of the proteins were different and the secondary structure was mainly random coil. Half of the DIR proteins were located in chloroplast, while the others in extracellular region, endoplasmic reticulum, cytoplasm, etc. Phylogenetic analysis of DIR proteins from S. chinensis and the other 8 species such as Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa, and Glycine max demonstrated that all DIR proteins were clustered into 5 subfamilies and that DIR proteins from S. chinensis were in 4 subfamilies. DIR-a subfamily has the unique structure of 8 β-sheets, as verified by multiple sequence alignment. Finally, through the analysis of the transcriptome of S. chinensis fruit at different development stages, the expression pattern of DIR was clarified. Combined with the accumulation of lignans in fruits at different stages, DIR might be related to the synthesis of lignans in S. chinensis. This study lays a theoretical basis for exploring the biological functions of DIR genes and elucidating the biosynthesis pathway of lignans in S. chinensis.


Subject(s)
Fruit/genetics , Lignans/analysis , Phylogeny , Schisandra , Sequence Alignment
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3890-3904, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921474

ABSTRACT

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats -associated protein (CRISPR/Cas) has been developed as a precise, efficient, affordable and sensitive nucleic acid detection tool due to its efficient targeted binding ability and programmability. At present, biosensors based on CRISPR-Cas system have shown excellent performance in the detection of nucleic acid of pathogens, which has attracted widespread attention, and is expected to replace the conventional detection methods. This review summarizes the latest research progress of biosensors based on CRISPR/Cas system for detecting nucleic acid of pathogens.


Subject(s)
Biosensing Techniques , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Nucleic Acids/genetics
13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 940-952, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921299

ABSTRACT

NG2-glia are a major type of glial cells that are widely distributed in the central nervous system (CNS). Under physiological conditions, they mainly differentiate into oligodendrocytes and contribute to the myelination of axons, so they are generally called oligodendrocyte progenitor cells. Emerging evidence suggests that NG2-glia not only act as the precursors of oligodendrocytes but also possess many other biological properties and functions. For example, NG2-glia can form synapse with neurons and participate in energy metabolism and immune regulation. Under pathological conditions, NG2-glia can also differentiate into astrocytes, Schwann cells and even neurons, which are involved in CNS injury and repair. Therefore, a deeper understanding of the biological characteristics and functions of NG2-glia under physiological and pathological conditions will be helpful for the treatment of CNS injury and disease. This article reviews the recent advances in the biological characteristics and functions of NG2-glia.


Subject(s)
Astrocytes , Central Nervous System , Neuroglia , Neurons , Oligodendroglia
14.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 687-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904551

ABSTRACT

With the maturity of surgical techniques, the success rate of liver transplantation has been gradually increased. However, the establishment of long-term immune tolerance after operation still faces multiple challenges. Kupffer cells are tissue-resident macrophages, which could reside in the liver and polarize into different directions following liver transplantation, forming M1 Kupffer cells and M2 Kupffer cells. M1 Kupffer cells have pro-inflammatory function, whereas M2 Kupffer cells possess immunoregulatory function. It contributes to the establishment of immune tolerance by inhibiting the quantity and function of M1 Kupffer cells, or enhancing the quantity and function of M2 Kupffer cells. The polarization of Kupffer cells is regulated by many cytokines and signals, which provides an opportunity for therapies to establish immune tolerance of liver transplantation by interfering Kupffer polarization. In this article, the relationship between Kupffer cell polarization and immune tolerance of liver transplantation, and the mechanism of Kupffer cell polarization were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for establishing immune tolerance of liver transplantation.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881243

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To quest the risk factors of poor prognoses in children with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) during perioperative period and evaluate its clinical application values. Methods    A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 119 children who underwent one-stage correction of TOF in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from September 2016 to January 2019. The cohort includes 75 males and 44 females, with ages ranging from 3.2-137.1 (13.2±1.4) months and weights ranging from 4.6-21.0 (8.3±0.2) kg. Perioperative poor prognosis was defined as duration of mechanically assisted ventilation >48 h or secondary intubation, vasoactive-inotropic score (VIS) within 48 h >40, postoperative length of stay >14 d, and the occurrence of the major adverse events. Major adverse events were defined as early death, malignant arrhythmia, low cardiac output syndrome, non-fatal cardiac arrest, postoperative reintervention, diaphragm paralysis, and other clinical complications. Univariate and multivariate logistic analyses were used to analyze the correlation between risk factors and poor prognoses. Results    There was 1 perioperative death, and 9 with major adverse events. Variables selected by Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) included 2 preoperative variables (McGoon index, aortic root diameter index) and 4 intra-operative variables [left-right direction of bicuspid pulmonary valve, total length of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) incision index, pulmonary valve with commissurotomy, and minimum temperature in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)]. Univariate and multivariate logistic analyses were used to the above factors, respectively. The variables with statistical significance (P≤0.05) were McGoon index, aortic root diameter index, left-right direction of bicuspid pulmonary valve, and minimum temperature in CPB. A nomogram was established based on the above factors, and the results showed that the left-right direction of bicuspid pulmonary valve was more risky than the tricuspid pulmonary valve and the anterior-posterior direction of bicuspid pulmonary valve. The lower the McGoon index, the higher aortic root diameter, and the lower temperature in CPB, the higher risk of poor prognostic events in children with TOF. Conclusion    The left-right direction of the pulmonary bicuspid valve has a higher risk of poor prognosis than the tricuspid pulmonary valve and the anterior-posterior direction of bicuspid pulmonary valve. With the smaller McGoon index and the larger aortic root diameter, the risk of poor prognoses in children with TOF is higher. The temperature in CPB being lower than medium-low temperature obviously relates to the high incidence of poor prognostic events, which can be used as an auxiliary reference standard for decision-making in pediatric TOF surgery in the future.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878730

ABSTRACT

In eukaryote cells,transcription from genome DNA is a key process of gene expression.The transcription products contain not only messenger RNAs that code proteins,but also various types of non-coding RNAs.During transcription,some of the gene loci produce more than one kind of RNA molecule,including coding RNAs and more often non-coding RNAs.These gene loci that generate several kinds of RNA molecules are named supergenes.According to the transcription pattern,supergenes are divided into three types,known as types Ⅰ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ.In this review,we summarize the transcription pattern of each type of supergene,and exposit the role of these genes in cells.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression , RNA, Messenger
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1998-2009, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887777

ABSTRACT

Aromatic compounds make up a large part of fragrances and are traditionally produced by chemical synthesis and direct extraction from plants. Chemical synthesis depends on petroleum resources and has disadvantages such as causing environment pollutions and harsh reaction conditions. Due to the low content of aromatic compounds in plants and the low yield of direct extraction, plant extractions require large amounts of plant resources that occupy arable land. In recent years, with the development of metabolic engineering and synthetic biology, microbial synthesis of aromatic compounds from renewable resources has become a promising alternative approach to traditional methods. This review describes the research progress on the synthesis of aromatic fragrances by model microorganisms such as Escherichia coli or yeast, including the synthesis of vanillin through shikimic acid pathway and the synthesis of raspberry ketone through polyketide pathway. Moreover, this review highlights the elucidation of native biosynthesis pathways, the construction of synthetic pathways and metabolic regulation for the production of aromatic fragrances by microbial fermentation.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Metabolic Engineering , Odorants , Shikimic Acid , Synthetic Biology
18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2039-2043, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886591

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explore the new management model of Good Clinical Practice (GCP)trial drug dispensing . METHODS:Base on the relevant experience of Pharmacy Intravenous Admixture Services (PIVAS)in daytime chemotherapy center(“daytime PIVAS ”for short )of our hospital ,the nodes and other matters needing attention were discussed in the workflow of confirmation and development of drug dispensing tasks for clinical trials. RESULTS :After the successful approval of the new clinical trial ,the supervisor of the sponsor and the principal investigator should first confirm whether the drugs involved in the project needed to be centrally dispensed in the daytime PIVAS ,and then submitted the relevant data to PIVAS for filing. Daytime PIVAS pharmacists could participate in trial drug dispensing of relevant projects only after starting training and authorization. After the doctor issued the medical order for the subjects in the hospital information system ,the research nurse took the drugs out of the GCP pharmacy and handed them to the daytime PIVAS drug receiving window. After receiving the drugs ,the pharmacist would check the dispensing ,and then the preparation pharmacist trained and authorized by the project team would mix and dispense the drugs. The reviewed pharmacist would check and label the prepared infusion. In addition ,daytime PIVAS would regularly summarize the feedback information on the trial drug dispensing and fund management in all links of dispensing process ,so as to improve the standardization of the process. CONCLUSIONS :Daytime PIVAS for clinical trial drug can arrange batches more rationally,ensure smooth and orderly infusion ,and meet different drug stability requirements ,which can improve trial drug dispensing management and further promote the development of drug clinical trial projects in China.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885805

ABSTRACT

Objective:To review the experience of closure of the left-main-bronchial stump fistula using endoscopic liner cutter staplers through the right thoracic approach and I stage or staged treatment for the left pyothorax.Methods:6 patients with the left-main-bronchial stump fistula after left pneumonectomy combined with pyothorax were treated by closing the left-main-bronchial stump using endoscopic liner cutter staplers through the right thoracic approach, and pleura was used to cover the distal and proximal incisional margin of the stump respectively. The thoracic T-tube drainage was used in the I stage or staged treatment for the left pyothorax.Results:All patients were survived without recurrence of the bronchopleural fistula. 4 patients were observed to have no recurrence of pyothorax when 1 patient had recurrence of pyothorax and was treated with intermittent T-tube drainage.1 patient operated with left-thoracic fenestration in the past was treated with drainage waiting for secondary operation.Conclusion:The right thoracic approach seemed to be a safer and more effective method than the transsternal transpericardial approach in cases with the left-main-bronchial stump fistula combined with pyothorax. The use of endoscopic liner cutter staplers reduced the risk of bleeding, infection and recurrence of fistula. The T-tube drainage in the I stage or staged treatment for the left pyothorax was considered to be an easier way for treatment.

20.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 196-200, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily evaluate the effect of tension stimulation on the biological activity of and expression of fibrosis marker genes in keloid fibroblasts (KD-Fbs) .Methods:Three patients who were diagnosed with keloids and received surgical treatment were collected from the Department of Dermatology, Tangdu Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University from January to March 2017. Human KD-Fbs were isolated from resected keloid tissues, and subjected to primary culture. The third- to sixth-passage KD-Fbs were divided into tension group and control group to be cultured in the tension-based chamber and control chamber respectively, and subjected to tension stimulation and normal culture respectively. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay was performed to assess the proliferative activity of KD-Fbs after 1-, 2-, 3- and 4-day culture, and the scratch assay to evaluate the migratory ability of KD-Fbs after 1- and 2-day culture. After 48-hour treatment, real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot analysis were performed to determine the mRNA and protein expression of fibrosis markers type Ⅰ collagen, fibronectin and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in KD-Fbs respectively. Two-independent-sample t test was used for comparisons between 2 groups. Results:CCK8 assay showed that the proliferative activity of KD-Fbs was significantly higher in the tension group than in the control group after 1-, 2-, 3- and 4-day culture ( t=3.05, 7.00, 16.65, 15.19, respectively, all P< 0.05) . After 1- and 2-day culture, the scratch assay showed that the migration rate of KD-Fbs was significantly higher in the tension group (48.65%±3.96%, 100.00%, respectively) than in the control group (9.36%±1.14%, 50.35%±4.23%, t=16.53, 20.35, respectively, both P< 0.01) . Real-time quantitative PCR showed that the mRNA expression of type Ⅰ collagen, fibronectin and α-SMA was significantly higher in the tension group (3.04±0.20, 2.16±0.10, 3.76±0.24, respectively) than in the control group (1.00; t=17.57, 21.01, 20.25, respectively, all P< 0.01) . As Western blot analysis revealed, changes in the protein expression of the 3 fibrosis markers were consistent with their mRNA expression changes (all P< 0.05) . Conclusion:Tension may participate in the fibrosis in keloids by promoting the expression of fibrosis marker genes, and enhancing the proliferative and migratory ability of KD-Fbs.

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