Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 68
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 397-402, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884432

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze risk factors for the rupture of basilar tip aneurysms (BTA) using morphological parameters assessed on CTA.Methods:The clinical data and CTA imaging characteristics of 62 patients with BTA from March 2016 to November 2020 in Huanhu Hospital of Tianjin were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into un-rupture ( n=44) and rupture ( n=18) groups according to whether the BTA ruptured. The morphological parameters of aneurysms were measured and recorded. The number, shape and orientation of aneurysms were analyzed by χ 2 test between the two groups. The length (H max), height (H p), neck width (N D), aspect ratio (AR), size ratio (SR), angle of aneurysms (AA), flow angle (FA), basilar vessel angle (BVA), the angle between the proximal long axis of bilateral posterior cerebral artery P1 segment (P1-P1 angle), the angle between the proximal long axis of bilateral superior cerebellar arteries and bifurcation angle (the sum of the angle between the basilar artery and the bilateral posterior cerebral arteries) were analyzed by independent-sample t test between the two groups. On the basis of univariate analysis, logistic regression was used to identify the independent risk factors for BTA rupture. ROC curve analysis was further performed. Results:BTA with irregular shape was more likely to break (χ 2=5.412, P<0.05). The H max[(4.18±2.11)mm], N D [(3.06±1.75)mm], P1-P1 angle (148°±18°) in the rupture group were smaller than those in the un-rupture group [(6.38±2.21)mm, (5.20±1.59)mm, 178°±25°], with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). While AR (1.19±0.13), BVA (82°±11°), and bifurcation angle (212°±18°) in the rupture group were larger than those in the un-rupture group (1.05±0.18, 70°±10°, 181°±27°), with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). The logistic regression analysis showed that the shape of aneurysms (β=4.878, OR=11.418, P=0.019), BVA (β=0.165, OR=1.177, P=0.043), and P1-P1 angle (β=-0.223, OR=1.080, P=0.029) were independent risk factors for BTA rupture. The ROC curve analysis showed that the cut-off value of BVA and P1-P1 angle to predict the BTA rupture were 76.7° and 158.5°, and area under curve (AUC) were 0.79 and 0.86, respectively. The AUC of combined BVA with P1-P1 angle was 0.89. Conclusion:The shape of aneurysms, BVA and P1-P1 angle are independent risk factors for BTA rupture. BTA are prone to rupture when the shape of aneurysm is irregular, BVA>76.7 ° and P1-P1 angle<158.5 °.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910613

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the imaging features of spontaneous rupture of primary liver cancer (PLC) and to study the high-risk factors associated with tumor rupture.Methods:From September 2016 to August 2020, 81 patients who developed spontaneous rupture of PLC at the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University were included into this study. A control group of 81 patients with tumors located on the periphery of the liver but without rupture treated in the same period were selected by matching the two groups with age, sex and BCLC staging. The clinical data and CT imaging characteristics including tumor location, extent, size, and morphology of the two groups of patients were compared retrospectively between groups.Multivariate logistics regression was used to analyze.Results:A total of 81 patients were included in the case group, including 72 males and 9 females, aged (53.69±10.34) years. The control group included 81 patients, 64 males and 17 females, aged (54.78±9.04) years. The main risk factors for spontaneous rupture of PLC included in this study were cirrhosis, tumor close to diaphragm, biolobar distribution, portal vein obstruction, tumor diameter >10 cm, invasion of liver capsule (arc-to-chord ratio>1) and tumor protrusion ≥25% ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that cirrhosis ( OR=2.796, 95% CI: 1.721-10.834), portal vein obstruction ( OR=3.586, 95% CI: 1.272-10.107) and tumor protrusion (≥25%) ( OR=2.831, 95% CI: 1.668-22.210) were independent predictive factors of spontaneous rupture of PLC. Conclusion:Tumor protrusion≥25%, cirrhosis and portal vein obstruction were closely related to spontaneous rupture of PLC. They were independent risk factors in predicting rupture of primary liver cancer.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910582

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of clinical data and MRI image features in predicting and analyzing the degree of differentiation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 180 patients with surgical outcomes of HCC from March 2015 to June 2019 in the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)、aspartate aminotransferase (AST)、D-dimer、clinical stage、tumor length、apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC)、enhancement types and so on the clinical and imaging data of the poorly differentiated and non-differentiated HCC were compared and analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression was used to predict independent risk factors for poorly differentiated HCC.Results:Of the 180 HCC patients, 121 were moderately and highly differentiated, and 59 were poorly differentiated. Univariate analysis showed that the patient’s age, gender, AFP, AST, D-dimer level, clinical stage, Child-Pugh score, tumor length, whether the capsule was complete, tumor apparent diffusion coefficient, the maximum level ADC value, enhancement type with HCC differentiation degree were correlated(all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the patients' gender ( OR=4.524, P<0.05), clinical stage ( OR=5.598, P<0.05), D-dimer ( OR=8.576, P<0.05), HCC diameter ( OR=0.498, P<0.05), enhancement types ( OR=2.988, P<0.05), tumour ADC value ( OR=0.059, P<0.05) were independent of poorly differentiated HCC risk factor. Conclusion:MRI image features can be used as an effective indicator to predict the degree of HCC differentiation before surgery. It is more valuable to accurately predict the degree of HCC combined with D-dimer and AFP value.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880857

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) become a heavy burden of public health, with approximately 300 000 newly diagnosed cases and 145 000 deaths worldwide per year. Nucleotide metabolism fuel DNA replication and RNA synthesis, which is indispensable for cell proliferation. But how tumor cells orchestrate nucleotide metabolic enzymes to support their rapid growth is largely unknown. Here we show that expression of pyrimidine metabolic enzyme dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) is upregulated in OSCC tissues, compared to non-cancerous adjacent tissues. Enhanced expression of DHODH is correlated with a shortened patient survival time. Inhibition of DHODH by either shRNA or selective inhibitors impairs proliferation of OSCC cells and growth of tumor xenograft. Further, loss of functional DHODH imped de novo pyrimidine synthesis, and disrupt mitochondrial respiration probably through destabilizing the MICOS complex. Mechanistic study shows that transcriptional factor SOX2 plays an important role in the upregulation of DHODH in OSCC. Our findings add to the knowledge of how cancer cells co-opt nucleotide metabolism to support their rapid growth, and thereby highlight DHODH as a potential prognostic and therapeutic target for OSCC treatment.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Proliferation , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-CH Group Donors , SOXB1 Transcription Factors , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the radiation doses from head and chest CT examinations of children in Ningxia, and provide basic data for the optimization of CT radiation doses to children of different ages.Methods:By using stratified cluster sampling method , the dose parameters on head and chest CT scanning, CTDI vol and DLP for the children under 15 years old were sampled within 1-2 weeks from hospitals at different levels in different regions of Ningxia for the calculation of effective doses. The 75th percentile (P75) of CTDI vol and DLP was compared with those recommended by other countries. All children included four age groups: up to 1 year old, 1 to 5 years, 6 to 10 years, 11 to 15 years. Results:There were 39 hospitals and 47 CT scanners in this survey, and 1 134 head scanning and 636 chest scanning were investigating. The 75th percentile (P75) of CTDI vol and DLP for head scanning were 44.2 mGy and 456.2 mGy·cm for those up to 1 year old; 57.2 mGy and 659.6 mGy·cm for 1 to 5 years old, 61.1 mGy and 668.7 mGy·cm for 6-10 years old, and 63.6 mGy and 849.3 mGy·cm for 11-15 years old, respectively. The 75th percentile (P75) of CTDI vol and DLP for chest scanning were 5.0 mGy and 89.2 mGy·cm for those up to 1 year old, 5.9 mGy and 124.8 mGy·cm for 1 to 5 years old, 6.0 mGy and 167.9 mGy·cm for 6 to 10 years, and 7.1 mGy and 235.0 mGy·cm for 11 to 15 years old, respectively. Conclusions:The chest CT radiation dose to children in Ningxia is close to the reported values, but the head CT radiation dose is relatively high in all age groups, especially in infants. The optimization and regulation of head CT radiation doses to children in Ningxia should be strengthened. It is high time to increase dose awareness for pediatricians and radiologists and raise awareness of radiation-related risks.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868402

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the optimization of CT urography imaging parameters and the control measures of radiation dose to patients with different body mass index.Methods A total of 133 patients who were required to undergo CT urography were prospectively selected in terms of three different types of CT urography scan;firstly,conventional parameter scan (120 kV,CARE Dose4D);secondly,low kV scan (BMI ≤ 22.9 ∶ 80 kV,22.9 < BMI < 30 ∶ 100 kV,BMI ≥ 30 ∶ 120 kV,CARE Dose4D)and thirdly,low mAs scan (120 kV,40% reduction in mAs on CARE Dose4D).Noise,signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of all images were measured as objective evaluation indicators of image quality.The subjective evaluation of the images was performed by two radiologists who had been working for more than five years using a double-blind method and a 5-score system evaluation.The effective dose values (CTDIvol,DLP,E) in each group were measured.Results Patients' effective dose was decreased by 77.7% in 80 kV group and 38.3% in 100 kV group,with a statistical difference between the two groups (Z =-3.330,-5.559,P<0.05).There was a statistically significant difference in renal cortex noise,SNR,CNR and ureteral noise between the 80 kV scan and the routine scan (Z =-3.705-2.392,P<0.05),but no significant difference in ureteral SNR,CNR and renal pelvis noise,SNR,CNR (P> 0.05).There was a statistically significant difference in renal cortex noise and SNR between the 100 kV scan group and the routine scan group (Z =-5.096,-3.566,P< 0.05),but no statistical difference in renal cortex CNR,renal pelvis and ureteral noise,SNR,CNR (Z =-5.086,-5.912,-2.842,P>0.05).The effective dose from low mAs scan in the three types of patients was decreased by 38.3%,32.0%,and 34.7%,respectively,with a statistical difference between them (P <0.05).There was no significant difference in noise,SNR,and CNR between renal cortex,renal pelvis and ureter (P>0.05) besides ureteral CNR in the 22.9 < BMI < 30 group (Z =-2.587,P<0.05).The subjective evaluation scores of all images were greater than 3 points.Conclusions In this study,the scan method for low kV and low mAs used for patients with different body mass index can effectively reduce the radiation dose to patients and meet the requirements of clinical diagnosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798782

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the optimization of CT urography imaging parameters and the control measures of radiation dose to patients with different body mass index.@*Methods@#A total of 133 patients who were required to undergo CT urography were prospectively selected in terms of three different types of CT urography scan; firstly, conventional parameter scan (120 kV, CARE Dose4D); secondly, low kV scan (BMI ≤ 22.9∶80 kV, 22.9 < BMI < 30∶100 kV, BMI ≥ 30∶120 kV, CARE Dose4D) and thirdly, low mAs scan (120 kV, 40% reduction in mAs on CARE Dose4D). Noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of all images were measured as objective evaluation indicators of image quality. The subjective evaluation of the images was performed by two radiologists who had been working for more than five years using a double-blind method and a 5-score system evaluation. The effective dose values (CTDIvol, DLP, E) in each group were measured.@*Results@#Patients′ effective dose was decreased by 77.7% in 80 kV group and 38.3% in 100 kV group, with a statistical difference between the two groups (Z=-3.330, -5.559, P<0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in renal cortex noise, SNR, CNR and ureteral noise between the 80 kV scan and the routine scan (Z=-3.705-2.392, P<0.05), but no significant difference in ureteral SNR, CNR and renal pelvis noise, SNR, CNR (P>0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in renal cortex noise and SNR between the 100 kV scan group and the routine scan group (Z=-5.096, -3.566, P<0.05), but no statistical difference in renal cortex CNR, renal pelvis and ureteral noise, SNR, CNR(Z=-5.086, -5.912, -2.842, P>0.05). The effective dose from low mAs scan in the three types of patients was decreased by 38.3%, 32.0%, and 34.7%, respectively, with a statistical difference between them (P <0.05). There was no significant difference in noise, SNR, and CNR between renal cortex, renal pelvis and ureter (P>0.05) besides ureteral CNR in the 22.9 < BMI < 30 group (Z=-2.587, P<0.05). The subjective evaluation scores of all images were greater than 3 points.@*Conclusions@#In this study, the scan method for low kV and low mAs used for patients with different body mass index can effectively reduce the radiation dose to patients and meet the requirements of clinical diagnosis.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 463-472, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815832

ABSTRACT

"Kidney essence" is a profound concept in the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. But its biological basis is unknown until now, resulting in the therapeutic effects of traditional Chinese drugs on reinforcing kidney for supplementing essence hard to be evaluated. This study aimed, to explore the potential biological basis and mechanism of traditional Chinese drugs of reinforcing kidney for supplementing essence on diseases related to deficiency of kidney essence through network pharmacology analysis on the intersection of targets of drugs and diseases. The targets for ingredients in Rehmanniae radix praeparata (RRP), Polygoni multiflori radix praeparata (PMRP) and Polygonati rhizome (PR) were gathered from TCMSP and TCMID database. Osteoporosis, Alzheimer's disease, anemia, infertility and oligospermia targets were collected from OMIM and DisGeNET database. Drug-compound-target-disease (DCTD) network was established with Cytoscape 3.6.1 software, then Clue GO and DAVID database was used to acquire the annotation about GO terms and signaling pathways. Natural aging mice, an acknowledged syndrome model of deficiency of kidney essence, and RRP were used to verify the predictive targets by Western blot analysis. All animal experiments were conducted in accordance with the international guidelines and regulations for the care and use of animals. DCTD network showed that the intersection of drugs and diseases included 175 common targets. After topology analysis, 71 key were screened out targets which were associated with GO annotation exhibited that biological processes (including transcription regulation, RNA metabolism regulation, and DNA-dependent transcription regulation), cell composition (including nuclear lumen, organelle lumen, and membrane closure lumen), molecular function (including transcription regulation, transcription factor activity, and enzyme binding), and signaling pathway (including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1), erythropoietin (EPO) and other signaling pathways. In natural aging mice, the expressions of HIF-1α, growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (GRB2), MAPK3, signal transducer and activator of transcription 5A (STAT5A), transcription factor AP-1 (JUN) and proto-oncogene c-Fos (FOS) in EPO pathway were significantly decreased. RRP significantly reversed the decrease of the above targets. Above all, these results indicated that the therapeutic effects of traditional Chinese drugs of reinforcing kidney for supplementing essence on deficiency of kidney essence may be related to the regulation of nuclear transcriptional activity and EPO signaling pathway.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805579

ABSTRACT

To investigate the current status of postgraduates training in public health and preventive medicine in China. In this study, a questionnaire survey was conducted among directors of enrollment and teaching in 22 universities with postgraduate admission qualifications in corresponding disciplines nationwide. In 2016, full-time postgraduates were mainly academic masters. In addition to the graduate entrance examination, the common enrollment mode in colleges was to enroll a high qualified student with recommendations from relevant experts or institutions and an exemption from entrance examination (20/22). The emphasis on training contents between academic and public health master was different. Currently, the scale of public health postgraduate enrollment in public health and preventive medicine in China is stable, and the training program is reasonable, but there is an issue of monotonous model and uneven distribution of enrollment.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805095

ABSTRACT

In order to understand the status of the cultivation of the masters of public health (MPH) in colleges in China and improve the cultivation model, an electronic questionnaire survey were conducted among 22 schools of public health in colleges. The result showed that the size and the enrolment scale of Chinese MPH students were relatively small, and the training objectives were still unclear. There was no obvious difference between the curriculum setting for MPH and academic master degree. The practical skill-oriented courses and emergency response ability of public health practice were insufficient. The cultivation model of MPH should be improved in future.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776028

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics of autoimmune disease with dual seropositive antibodies of leucine-rich glioma inactivated 1(LGI1)and contactin-associated protein 2(Caspr2).Methods The clinical data of seven patients with dual seropositive LGI1 and Caspr2 antibodies who were admitted to the Neurology Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from July 2014 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.Results Central,peripheral and autonomic nervous systems were all involved in the seven cases;100%(7/7)presented with insomnia,myokymia,neuropahic pain and hyperhydrosis;71%(5/7)showed memory decline or psychiatric and behavioral symptoms;57%(4/7)had urinary hesitation or constipation;and 43%(3/7)had seizure.Electromyography showed 100%(6/6) of the patients had prolonged afterdischarges following normal M waves and/or abnormal spontaneous firing.Electroencephalography revealed slow waves or basic rhythm slowing in 71%(5/7)of patients.Electrocardiography showed sinus tachycardia,axis deviation,and prolonged QT intervals in 71%(5/7)of patients.One patient died from arrhythmia before immunotherapy.One died from pulmonary infection after immunotherapy.Improvement with immunotherapy was documented in the other five cases.No relapse was noted during the 1-2-year follow-up.Conclusions Autoimmune disease with dual seropositive antibodies of LGI1 and Caspr2 can diffusely affect the central,peripheral,and autonomic nervous systems.The possibility of this disease should be considered in patients with acute and subacute onset of neuropsychiatric symptoms,especially in patients with accompanying insomnia,myokymia,and hyperhydrosis.


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , Blood , Autoimmune Diseases , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Membrane Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802146

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the overall quality characteristics of Zhenqi Fuzheng granules (ZQFZ),which were composed of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and Astragali Radix and collected from different manufacturers (their final preparations included two types,contained sugar and sugar free) by established HPLC methods,in order to propose an appropriate quality-control strategy for promoting the quality control specification of ZQFZ.Method: The quantification of the 6 components (rhodioloside,calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside,specnuezhenide,ononin,calycosin and astragaloside IV) were performed on a C18 column with two chromatographic systems.Chromatographic system Ⅰ:methanol and water were adopted as mobile phase with gradient elution,the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1,and optimum detection waves were at 224,250 and 275 nm respectively.Chromatographic system Ⅱ:methanol and water (80:20) were adopted as mobile phase with gradient elution at the flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1,and the detector parameters were set as follows:the drift tube temperature was 75℃,and the carrier gas flow rate was 1.5 L·min-1.Both column temperatures were at 30℃.All of the 80 batches of ZQFZ from different manufacturers were determined and analyzed.Result: All of the six markers could be detected in 80 batches of ZQFZ,but their contents were quite different.The results of the one-way ANOVA showed significant differences between manufacturer 4 and other three manufacturers in sugar-containing preparations (P PConclusion: It is of great significance to increase relevant quality control markers of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus in ZQFZ,such as rhodioloside and specnuezhenide,for standardizing production and improving quality level.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810869

ABSTRACT

In order to underst and the status of health emergency personnel training development and raising coping measures, electronic questionnaire surveys were conducted among 22 colleges and universities in different region of China. The result showed that colleges universities in China invested less in the training of emergency personnel. It is different and emphasized particularly for the cultivation of emergency professional ability among different types of public health students. Universities and employer hold relative evaluation of students′ emergency professional ability with distinct regional differences.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755919

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively evaluate the diagnostic value of blood oxygen leveldependent (BOLD) MRI in the diagnosis of different degrees of liver warm ischemia-reperfusion injury (WIRI) in rabbits and evaluate the intervention effect of liposomal prostaglandin E1 (Lipo-PGE1).Methods Seventy healthy adult New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into sham -operated group (A0),thermal ischemic groups (A1~A3) and intervention groups (A4~A6).All experimental rabbits were scanned by routine MR and BOLD MRI after 6-hour reperfusion.R2* images were calculated by two radiologists.The levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT),asparate aminotransferase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were examined.And liver pathological sectioning was performed.All data were processed by one-way,Spearman's correlation and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses.Results The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was 0.805 of two measurements suggesting that the repeatability of the outcome was decent.R2* values among sham-operated,thermal ischemia and intervention groups were statistically significant (P<0.05).R2 * values in sham-operated and ischemia groups were statistically significant (P<0.05).As warm ischemia time elapsed,R2* value showed a rising trend.R2* values in sham-operated and intervention groups were statistically significant (P<0.05).R2* values of sham-operated group at the same timepoint of thermal ischemia and intervention groups were statistically significant (P<0.05).Under the same ischemic time,R2* values of intervention groups were smaller than those of thermal ischemia groups.With the prolongation of ischemia time,reduction of R2* values became more pronounced.However,it did not reach the level of A0 group.R2* values were significantly positively correlated with ALT,AST and LDH (r>0.5,P<0.05).ROC analysis indicated that R2* had an excellent diagnostic performance.Conclusions BOLD MRI may be applied for noninvasive assessment of liver ischemia-reperfusion injury in different degrees.Lipo-PGE1 alleviates ischemia -reperfusion injury and BOLD MRI can evaluate the relieving degree of Lipo-PGE1.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 357-363, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754930

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the value of diffusion and perfusion properties of early renal allografts with intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and arterial spin labeling (ASL) MR imaging. Methods Seventy‐six renal allograft recipients were included from May 2014 to December 2015 in First Center Hospital of Tianjin in this prospective study. All subjects underwent conventional, IVIM and ASL MRI. Recipients were divided into 3 groups based on the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and chronic kidney disease: group 1, recipients with good allograft function (eGFR≥60 ml·min-1·1.73 m-2,n=44); group 2, recipients with mild to moderate impaired allograft function (30 ml·min-1·1.73 m-2≤eGFR<60 ml·min-1· 1.73 m-2,n=19); group 3, recipients with severe impaired allograft function (eGFR<30 ml·min-1·1.73 m-2, n=13). Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), pure diffusion coefficient (ADCslow), pseudo‐diffusion coefficient (ADCfast), perfusion fraction (PF), renal blood flow (RBF) in the cortex and medullar were measured. A paired t‐test was used to test the difference of cortical or medullary index values between the cortex and medulla in three groups. One‐way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and least significant difference (LSD) were used to test the difference of the index values among three groups. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to evaluate the correlation of all index values with eGFR. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was performed to assess the diagnostic efficacy of using IVIM and ASL index values to discriminate different renal functions. The ROC curve and binary logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the diagnostic efficacy of using IVIM and ASL alone or a combination of them to distinguish allografts with different renal functions. Results ADC, ADCslow, ADCfast values between cortex and medulla were significantly different in group 1 and 3, as well as PF in group 1 (P<0.05). ADC, ADCslow, ADCfast, PF, RBF in the cortex and ADC, PF in the medulla were significant different between group 2 and 1 (P<0.05);except PF in the medulla in group 3, other index values were significant different between group 3 and 2 (P<0.05).All index values exhibited a correlation with renal function as determined by eGFR for recipients(r were 0.603, 0.590,0.604,0.457,0.552,0.552,0.579,0.425,0.673 respectivily, P<0.01). ADC, ADCslow, ADCfast, PF, RBF in the cortex and ADC in the medulla showed a relatively high diagnostic efficacy to discriminate renal allografts with different functions. Cortical ADC showed a better diagnostic efficacy(Z=2.699,P=0.007) than cortical ADCslow when distinguishing group 1 from 2.The combination of IVIM and ASL MRI showed a better diagnostic efficacy to distinguish group 1 from 2 than IVIM and ASL MRI alone, with an AUC of 0.969, a sensitivity of 100.0% and a specificity of 93.2% (P<0.05). Conclusions IVIM and ASL MRI can evaluate the diffusion and perfusion properties of renal allografts. A combination of IVIM and ASL MRI can better distinguish different functional allografts.

16.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 267-282, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757999

ABSTRACT

Irreversible destruction of bronchi and alveoli can lead to multiple incurable lung diseases. Identifying lung stem/progenitor cells with regenerative capacity and utilizing them to reconstruct functional tissue is one of the biggest hopes to reverse the damage and cure such diseases. Here we showed that a rare population of SOX9 basal cells (BCs) located at airway epithelium rugae can regenerate adult human lung. Human SOX9 BCs can be readily isolated by bronchoscopic brushing and indefinitely expanded in feeder-free condition. Expanded human SOX9 BCs can give rise to alveolar and bronchiolar epithelium after being transplanted into injured mouse lung, with air-blood exchange system reconstructed and recipient's lung function improved. Manipulation of lung microenvironment with Pirfenidone to suppress TGF-β signaling could further boost the transplantation efficiency. Moreover, we conducted the first autologous SOX9 BCs transplantation clinical trial in two bronchiectasis patients. Lung tissue repair and pulmonary function enhancement was observed in patients 3-12 months after cell transplantation. Altogether our current work indicated that functional adult human lung structure can be reconstituted by orthotopic transplantation of tissue-specific stem/progenitor cells, which could be translated into a mature regenerative therapeutic strategy in near future.


Subject(s)
Bronchiectasis , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Pulmonary Alveoli , Cell Biology , Metabolism , SOX9 Transcription Factor , Genetics , Metabolism , Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism
17.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 452-456, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707957

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) and arterial spin labeling (ASL) MRI in the early diagnosis of renal allograft dysfunction. Methods A total of 53 patients with allograft kidney transplantation from December 2014 to April 2017 in Tianjin First Center Hospital were prospectively collected. In all cases, the serum creatinine value was detected, and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated. All patients were divided into three groups according to the eGFR. There were three groups;continuous renal transplant function group (group A, 19 cases), short term allograft dysfunction group (group B, 17 cases), and continuous renal function damage group (group C, 17 cases). Fifty-three patients were examined by BOLD and ASL MRI at 10 to 14 days after operation. Twenty one patients were reviewed by BOLD and ASL MRI at 10 to 13 weeks after operation (A, B and C group were 7, 6, 8 cases). The values of renal cortex R2* (R2*=1/T2*), renal medullary R2* and renal cortical renal blood flow (RBF) were measured in each group. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the differences of eGFR and BOLD, ASL index (renal cortex R2*, renal medulla R2*, renal cortex RBF value) after the first post renal transplant among the 3 groups. Correlations between BOLD and ASL index with eGFR index in the first post renal transplant were assessed by using Pearson correlation analysis. The efficacy of BOLD and ASL in the differential diagnosis of continuous renal transplant function group and short term allograft dysfunction group by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC). Paired samples t test was used to compare the differences of eGFR, BOLD and ASL indexes for the baseline and follow-up. Results The differences of eGFR, cortical R2*value, medullary R2*value and cortical RBF value were statistically significant between the 3 groups (P<0.05). The transplanted kidney medullary R2* value and cortical RBF value were positively correlated with eGFR (r values were 0.553, 0.687; P<0.01). There was no correlation between transplanted kidney renal cortex R2*value and eGFR value (P>0.05). The area under ROC was 0.776 for the renal medullary R2*in the diagnosis of continuous renal transplant function group and the short term allograft dysfunction group;with the threshold of 24.5, the sensitivity of diagnosis of renal allograft short term allograft dysfunction was 58.8%, specificity was 84.2%;the area under ROC for renal cortex RBF was 0.881, with the threshold of less than 277 ml·100 g-1·min-1, the sensitivity was 70.6%, specificity was 89.4%. During follow-up, eGFR, cortical R2*and medullary R2*in group A remained stable, while the renal cortex RBF value went slightly higher, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The cortical R2* values in group B remained stable, eGFR, renal medulla R2* and renal cortex RBF decreased, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). The values of eGFR and R2*in group C remained stable, while the renal medullary R2* value and cortex R2* value increased slightly, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusions This study shows that BOLD and ASL MRI can longitudinally monitor the functional status of the transplanted kidney and detect the abnormality of renal allograft function early. CRBF value shows high diagnostic value.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300393

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical features of children with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis with normal or abnormal cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings via a comparative analysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 33 children with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. The clinical features and prognosis were compared between the children with normal and abnormal cranial MRI findings.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the 33 children with anti-NMDAR encephalitis, the most common initial symptoms were seizures (61%) and involuntary movement (61%), followed by language disorder (54%), mental and behavioral abnormalities (52%), and disturbance of consciousness (30%). All children had positive anti-NMDAR antibody in the cerebrospinal fluid, and 29 children (88%) had positive serum antibody. Of all the children, 15 (46%) had increased leukocytes in the cerebrospinal fluid, 3 (9%) had an increase in protein, and 29 (88%) had positive oligoclonal band; 26 children (79%) had electroencephalographic abnormalities (epileptic wave, slow wave, or a combination of these two types of waves). One child experienced respiratory failure. One child was found to have germinoma in the sellar region during follow-up. Of all the 33 children, 13 (39%) had abnormal cranial MRI findings, with hypointensity or isointensity on T1W1 and hyperintensity on T2WI and T2-FLAIR; 2 children had dural enhancement. As for the location of lesion, 5 children (38%) had lesions in the temporal lobe, 3 (23%) in the frontal lobe, 3 (23%) in the basal ganglia, 2 (15%) in the parietal lobe, 2 (15%) in the occipital lobe, 2 (15%) in the brainstem, 1 (8%) in the thalamus, and 1 (8%) in the cerebellum. Among the 13 children with abnormal cranial MRI findings, 5 (38%) had lesions mainly in the grey matter and 8 (62%) had lesions mainly in the white matter. Compared with the children with normal cranial MRI findings, the children with abnormal cranial MRI findings had significantly higher proportion of children with prodromal infection, incidence rate of disturbance of consciousness, probability of recurrence, Glasgow score, incidence rate of increased leukocytes in the cerebrospinal fluid, and application rate of second-line treatment (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Children with anti-NMDAR encephalitis and abnormal cranial MRI findings have certain clinical features, which may provide guidance for the evaluation of disease conditions and the selection of diagnostic and treatment measures.</p>

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687375

ABSTRACT

To establish a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for simultaneous determination of four alkaloids(arecoline, guvacoline, arecaidine, and guvacine) in Arecae Pericarpium (AP) and Arecae Semen (AS), and compare the contents of these four alkaloids between different medicinal parts. The chromatographic conditions were as follows:Welch SCX(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm)column, with acetonitrile-0.2% phosphoric acid solution (adjusted to pH 3.85-3.90 with ammonium hydroxide) at 50:50 as the mobile phase, at a flow rate of 0.5 mL·min⁻¹. The column temperature was set at 35 °C, and the detection wavelength was 215 nm. The results of content determination in 7 batches of AS and 10 batches of AP showed that, the contents of 4 alkaloids in AS (arecaidine 0.020%-0.045%, guvacine 0.031%-0.086%, arecoline 0.194%-0.346%, and guvacoline 0.065%-0.094%) were generally higher than those in AP (arecaidine 0.10%-0.032%, guvacine 0.006%-0.029% arecoline 0.00%-0.070%, and guvacoline 0.00%-0.020%), and most of the APs had no arecoline and arecaidine at all in fruit peel. The above results indicated that different alkaloids can be used to distinguish the different medicinal parts of Arera catechu. Arecoline, guvacoline, arecaidine, and guvacine can be used as the quality control markers of AS, while for AP, only arecaidine and guvacine were needed.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687371

ABSTRACT

To establish the HPLC fingerprint and determine five index components (loganic acid, chlorogenic acid, loganin, sweroside and asperosaponin Ⅵ) of Zishen Yutai pills by high performance liquid chromatography, and provide a scientific basis for its quality control. The fingerprint chromatogram was analysed by the chromatographic fingerprint similarity evaluation system for tradition Chinese medicine (2012), fifteen common peaks were obtained at the wavelength of 254 nm. Different batches of Zishen Yutai pills showed a similarity of above 0.90 in HPLC fingerprint profiles. For the quantitive analysis method, The separation of five components showed good regression (>0.999 2) with linear ranges, and the mean recoveries were in the range of 97.62%-101.9%, with the RSD (=9) less than 3%. The established fingerprint and quantitative analysis methods are highly specific, simple and accurate, which can reflect the quality of Zishen Yutai pills more comprehensively, and can be used for its quality control.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL