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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 766-774, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922889

ABSTRACT

Aa a characteristic medicinal plant in China, Gentiana rigescens Franch. has the function of protecting the liver and invigorating the spleen. At present, there are a few studies on the content determination method of characteristic components of G. rigescens, so it is necessary to establish a scientific and effective quality control method; In this study, The high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint of G. rigescens was established, based on literature reviewed and characteristic spectrum identified, the source range of G. rigescens quality marker (Q-marker) was screened. The effectiveness of the ingredients and the corresponding targets and pathways was analyzed through network pharmacology, and drew the diagram of ''component-target-pathway''. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of G. rigescens was performed by HPLC, and screen the main marker components leading to the differences between groups which were determined the Q-marker of G. rigescens; The literature and HPLC had determined that five iridoids were the main source of G. rigescens Q-marker. The network pharmacology (effectiveness) and qualitative and quantitative (detectability) analysis of G. rigescens from different producing areas confirmed that gentiopicroside, swertiamarin, and sweroside can be used as the main landmark components, and there were significant differences in their contents among different producing areas; The analysis of G. rigescens from different producing areas was carried out by network pharmacology and chemical fingerprints, it is confirmed can be used as potential Q-marker to provide sufficient theoretical basis for the quality control of G. rigescens in the later period.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929262

ABSTRACT

Chemical fractionation of the n-BuOH partition, which was generated from the EtOH extract of the flower buds of Tussilago farfara, afforded a series of polar constituents including four new sesquiterpenoids (1-4), one new sesquiterpenoid glucoside (5) and one known analogue (6) of the eudesmane type, as well as five known quinic acid derivatives (7-11). Structures of the new compounds were unambiguously characterized by detailed spectroscopic analyses, with their absolute configurations being established by X-ray crystallography, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculation and induced ECD experiments. The inhibitory effect of all the isolates against LPS-induced NO production in murine RAW264.7 macrophages was evaluated, with isochlorogenic acid A (7) showing significant inhibitory activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Flowers/chemistry , Glucosides/pharmacology , Mice , Sesquiterpenes/pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes, Eudesmane/pharmacology , Tussilago/chemistry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940540

ABSTRACT

Recurrent genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease induced by herpes simplex virus(HSV), mainly manifested as erythema, papules, vesicles, erosion, and exudation on the skin and mucosal membranes of the genital and anal area, accompanied by burning pain, or tingling. Factors leading to its recurrence are overworking, fever, alcohol consumption, infection, sexual activity, etc. At least 1 in 10 of the 15-49-year-old population are infected with herpes simplex virus-2. There is currently no available method to completely remove the herpes simplex virus and prevent its recurrence, and recurrence seriously affects the quality of life and psychological health of patients. According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the recurrence of genital herpes is mostly related to wind, dampness, heat, yin deficiency of liver and kidney, internal injuries due to emotional disorder, and dietary preference. TCM has advantages in reducing its recurrence rate. The lower energizer is closely related to skin diseases, and "lower energizer resembles drainage". Thus, the lower energizer is closely related to water and damp metabolism. Recurrent genital herpes occurs in the lower energizer and belongs to lower energizer diseases, and the fluid metabolism and qi movement in lower energizer are closely related to the occurrence of the disease. Based on thought of "lower energizer resembling drainage" and the clinical characteristics of recurrent genital herpes, this paper considered malfunction of lower energizer as its pathogenesis. Thus, smoothing the lower energizer according to the prevailing circumstances is particularly important and the treatment principle should be dispersing the pathogen from lower energizer without damaging yin. Zhulingtang (Treatise on Cold Damage and Miscellaneous Diseases) cures the difficulty in urination and thirst with desire to drink by smoothing the lower energizer. Thus, Zhulingtang was selected to treat recurrent genital herpes. This study is expected to provide a new idea for its clinical diagnosis and treatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935259

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the knowledge of influenza, pneumonia, herpes zoster and related vaccines, willingness to vaccinate under multiple payment scenarios, and corresponding risk factors among people over 50 years old in Minhang District of Shanghai. Methods: A total of 1 672 respondents aged 50-69 from 13 communities/towns in Minhang district of Shanghai were included in this study using a stratified random sampling strategy on December 2020. The knowledge of influenza, pneumonia, herpes zoster and vaccines was investigated using a questionnaire, and the differences in the willingness under multiple payment scenarios were determined using chi-square test. The consistency in the willingness under multiple payment scenarios was compared using Cohen's Kappa and the risk factors of the willingness was determined using ordinal logistic regression. Results: The average age of 1 672 respondents was (60.48±5.96) years old, including 777 (46.47%) males and 895 (53.53%) females. A total of 1 350 subjects (80.74%) had local household registration in Shanghai. The proportion of the willingness to vaccinate for themselves, spouses, and parents under any payment scenario was determined to be 80.6% (influenza vaccine), 81.5% (pneumonia vaccine), and 74.0% (herpes zoster vaccine). The willingness to vaccinate against influenza and pneumonia under multiple payment scenarios remained stable (Kappa value ≥0.6), while that against herpes zoster infection was inconsistent (Kappa value ≤0.35). Logistic regression analysis showed that respondents who had higher knowledge of influenza and influenza vaccine [OR (95%CI): 1.111 (1.054-1.170), 1.182 (1.126-1.240), respectively], aged 50-59 [1.305 (1.085-1.531)] and local household registration in Shanghai [1.372 (1.079-1.721)] had higher willingness to vaccinate against influenza, while males had lower willingness [0.733 (0.551-0.910)]. Respondents who had higher knowledge of pneumonia and pneumonia vaccine [OR (95%CI): 1.837 (1.152-2.517), 2.217 (1.541-2.893), respectively] had higher willingness to receive pneumonia vaccine. Respondents aged 50-59 [1.327 (1.059-1.537)] and with local household registration in Shanghai [2.497 (1.417-4.400)] were more likely to be vaccinated against herpes zoster, while those with middle school degree or below [0.664 (0.396-0.992)] and high school degree [0.559 (0.324-0.964)] were less likely to be vaccinated. Conclusion: Among people aged over 50 years old in Minhang district of Shanghai, the willingness to vaccinate for themselves, spouses, and parents against influenza, pneumonia and herpes zoster infection is quite different under multiple payment scenarios, especially for herpes zoster vaccine.


Subject(s)
Aged , China , Female , Herpes Zoster/prevention & control , Herpes Zoster Vaccine , Humans , Influenza Vaccines , Influenza, Human/prevention & control , Male , Middle Aged , Pneumonia/prevention & control , Vaccination
5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1437-1443, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911034

ABSTRACT

Cardiac senescence can change the structure and function of the heart and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.Cardiac senescence is not only closely related to telomere damage, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and autophagy, but also is regulated by non-coding RNA.Therefore, this article will give an overview of cardiac senescence and relative pathogenetic mechanisms, in order to provide new ideas for preventing and treating cardiac senescence and for achieving healthy and longevity.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922197

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Exposure to the ionizing radiation (IR) encountered outside the magnetic field of the Earth poses a persistent threat to the reproductive functions of astronauts. The potential effects of space IR on the circadian rhythms of male reproductive functions have not been well characterized so far.@*METHODS@#Here, we investigated the circadian effects of IR exposure (3 Gy X-rays) on reproductive functional markers in mouse testicular tissue and epididymis at regular intervals over a 24-h day. For each animal, epididymis was tested for sperm motility, and the testis tissue was used for daily sperm production (DSP), testosterone levels, and activities of testicular enzymes (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), and acid phosphatase (ACP)), and the clock genes mRNA expression such as Clock, Bmal1, Ror-α, Ror-β, or Ror-γ.@*RESULTS@#Mice exposed to IR exhibited a disruption in circadian rhythms of reproductive markers, as indicated by decreased sperm motility, increased daily sperm production (DSP), and reduced activities of testis enzymes such as G6PDH, SDH, LDH, and ACP. Moreover, IR exposure also decreased mRNA expression of five clock genes (Clock, Bmal1, Ror-α, Ror-β, or Ror-γ) in testis, with alteration in the rhythm parameters.@*CONCLUSION@#These findings suggested potential health effects of IR exposure on reproductive functions of male astronauts, in terms of both the daily overall level as well as the circadian rhythmicity.


Subject(s)
ARNTL Transcription Factors/genetics , Acid Phosphatase , Animals , CLOCK Proteins/genetics , Circadian Rhythm/radiation effects , Epididymis/radiation effects , Gene Expression/radiation effects , Genitalia, Male/radiation effects , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase , L-Iditol 2-Dehydrogenase , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Models, Animal , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 1/genetics , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 2/genetics , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 3/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Radiation Exposure , Radiation, Ionizing , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena/radiation effects , Sperm Motility/radiation effects , Spermatozoa/radiation effects , Testis/radiation effects
7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 385-392, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867725

ABSTRACT

TSCI have dyskinesia and sensory disturbance that can cause various life-threaten complications. The patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI), seriously affecting the quality of life of patients. Based on the epidemiology of TSCI and domestic and foreign literatures as well as expert investigations, this expert consensus reviews the definition, injury classification, rehabilitation assessment, rehabilitation strategies and rehabilitation measures of TSCI so as to provide early standardized rehabilitation treatment methods for TSCI.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781490

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase gene (ALOX5) rs2029253, rs2228064 and rs2228065 sites, 5-lipoxygenase activating protein gene (ALOX5AP) rs10507391, rs4769874 sites with the risk for genesis of adult myeloid leukemia.@*METHODS@#By the approval from the hospital ethics committee and the informed consent of participants. 150 patients with myeloid leukemia (ML) as ML group and 134 healthy people as the control group were selected. The genomic DNA was extracted from the samples. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) combined with directly sequencing, PCR-amplified products were applied to test the polymorphism of 5 sites in ALOX5 and ALOX5AP gene.@*RESULTS@#A allele frequencies of ALOX5 gene rs2029253 site in the ML group and the control group were 43.0% and 34.3%, respectively. And the G allele frequencies in the ML group and the control group were 57.0% and 65.7%, respectively. The genotype distributions of AA, AG and GG in ALOX5 gene rs2029253 site in the ML group were 32.2%, 21.5% and 46.3% respectively. That in the control group were 15.7%, 37.3% and 47.0% respectively. The genotype AA and A allele frequency of ALOX5 gene rs2029253 site were linked with the increased risk of myeloid leukemia (OR=2.26, 95% CI: 1.43-4.56, P<0.05; OR=1.44, 95% CI: 1.02-2.03, P<0.05). And the genotype AG and allele G reduced the susceptibility to myeloid leukemia (OR=0.46, 95% CI: 0.27-0.78, P<0.01; OR=0.69, 95% CI: 0.50-0.98, P<0.05), however, the polymorphisms of ALOX5 gene rs2228064 and rs2228065 site not correlated with the risk of myeloid leukemia (P>0.05). The A allele frequency of ALOX5AP gene rs10507391 site in the ML group and the control group were 30.7% and 36.2% respectirely. The genotype distribution rates of AA, AT and TT in ALOX5AP gene rs10507391 site in the ML group was 1.3%, 58.7% and 40.0% respectively, that in the control group were 9.7%, 53.0% and 37.3% respectively. The genotype AA of ALOX5AP gene rs10507391 site correlated with the decreased risk of myeloid leukemia (OR=0.13, 95% CI: 0.03-0.57, P<0.05), but the polymorphism of ALOX5AP gene rs4769874 site not correlated with the risk of myeloid leukemia (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The genotype AA, AG and allele A, G of ALOX5 rs2029253, as well as ALOX5AP rs10507391 may be correlate with the susceptibility to myeloid leukemia.

9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 104-110, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799402

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of ticagrelor on cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*Methods@#A total of 1 073 patients, who were diagnosed as coronary heart disease and underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) within 1 year after PCI, were enrolled from September 2017 to September 2019 in Peking University Third Hospital, including 309 patients in ticagrelor group and 764 patients in clopidogrel group. Clinical information, blood test results, echocardiographic parameters, cardiorespiratory fitness related parameters (including peak oxygen uptake (VO2), anaerobic threshold VO2, peak oxygen pulse (VO2/HR) and carbon dioxide ventilation equivalent (VE/VCO2) slope), coronary lesions and intervention information were obtained. Cardiopulmonary fitness related indexes were compared between the two groups, and the correlation between ticagrelor use and cardiopulmonary fitness related indexes was analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. Patients who underwent CPET within 1 month after PCI were included in the subgroup analysis.@*Results@#In ticagrelor group, the age was (60.3±10.3) years, and 253(81.9%) cases were male. The age of clopidogrel group was (60.6±10.0) years, and there were 608(79.6%) males. No significant differences were observed in peak VO2, anaerobic threshold VO2, and peak VO2/HR between the two groups (all P>0.05), but the VE/VCO2 slope was significantly higher in the ticagrelor group than in the clopidogrel group (30.075 (27.207, 33.603) vs. 28.853 (25.970, 32.336), P<0.001). Logistic regression analysis suggested that the peak VO2, anaerobic threshold VO2 and peak VO2/HR were not significantly correlated with the ticagrelor use (all P>0.05), while the VE/VCO2 slope was independently correlated with ticagrelor use (OR=1.098, 95%CI 1.032-1.168, P=0.003). Subgroup analysis of patients who underwent CPET within 1 month after PCI also indicated that no significant difference were observed in peak VO2, anaerobic threshold VO2, peak VO2/HR and VE/VCO2 slope between the two groups (all P>0.05). Logistic regression analysis suggested that the peak VO2, anaerobic threshold VO2 and peak VO2/HR were not significantly correlated with ticagrelor use (all P>0.05), while the VE/VCO2 slope was significantly correlated with ticagrelor use (OR=1.132, 95%CI 1.030-1.244, P=0.010).@*Conclusion@#Among coronary heart disease patients after PCI, treatment with clopidogrel does not result in significant decrease in exercise endurance as compared with patients treated with ticagrelor.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899348

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the outcomes and toxic effects of 5-day actinomycin D (Act-D) salvage therapy and to explore the predictors of Act-D resistance in patients with low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN)who failed 5-day methotrexate (MTX) chemotherapy. @*Methods@#This retrospective study analyzed patients with low-risk GTN administered Act-D salvage therapy after failing MTX chemotherapy at Women's Hospital, School of Medicine Zhejiang University between January 2000 and December 2015. The clinical parameters of these patients were collected and analyzed. @*Results@#The final analysis included 89 cases. Of these, 73 cases (82.02%) responded to salvage Act-D. The remaining 16 resistant cases were switched to etoposide, MTX, Act-D/ cyclophosphamide, and vincristine chemotherapy and achieved complete remission. Serum human chorionic gonadotrophin levels before Act-D salvage therapy (hCG Act-D )in the Act-Dresistant cases were significantly higher than those in the Act-D responders (median 605 vs.103 IU/L, p=0.009). However, the range of hCGAct-D values in Act-D responders was wider than that in Act-D-resistant cases (5.76–16,664 IU/L vs. 11.43–6,732 IU/L). Thus, assigning a general cut-off value was difficult considering the individual setting. Except for 2 cases requiring other salvage regimens due to Act-D toxicity, 97.80% of cases (89/91) tolerated the toxicity. During at least 1-year follow-up, the survival rate was 100.00% and no case developed recurrence. @*Conclusion@#Based on the good therapeutic effect and tolerable toxicity, we recommend Act-D salvage therapy for all patients with low-risk GTN who fail primary MTX chemotherapy.The higher serum hCG levels before Act-D salvage therapy may be associated with resistance to this treatment.

11.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 465-470, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862875

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in bone marrow fluid and peripheral blood of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its effect on the expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC).Methods:Fifty bone marrow fluid samples and 50 peripheral blood samples were collected from 50 patients with AML diagnosed in the First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province from October 2017 to January 2019, of which 17 patients were newly diagnosed, 26 patients were complete remission (CR), and 7 patients were partial remission (PR) or non-remission (NR). Fifty plasma samples from 50 healthy subjects and 50 bone marrow fluid samples from 50 patients with iron deficiency anemia were used as the controls. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the level of MIF protein in the samples, and the relationship between MIF expression level and clinicopathological characteristics of AML patients was analyzed. BM-MSC was successfully isolated and cultured from 42 bone marrow fluid samples of AML patients, the suitable samples for experiment were chosen and divided into BM-MSC control group (untreated BM-MSC), recombinant human macrophage migration inhibitory factor (rhMIF) group and rhMIF+ISO-1 group. ELISA and real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction were used to detect the expression level of IL-8 protein and mRNA in each BM-MSC group.Results:The expression levels of MIF protein in bone marrow fluid and plasma in AML group were (24.9±7.7) ng/ml and (60.5±12.1) ng/ml, the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.01), and those in control group were (5.3±2.6) ng/ml and (2.0±1.1) ng/ml, respectively, and there were statistical differences between the two groups (t values were 136.71, 33.97 and 17.58, all P < 0.01). MIF protein expression levels in bone marrow fluid and plasma of AML patients in newly diagnosed group and PR+NR group were higher than those in CR group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.01). MIF protein expression levels were higher in bone marrow fluid and plasma of patients with ≥60 years of age, peripheral blood white blood cell count ≥30×10 9/L and bone marrow myeloblast ratio > 0.50 (all P < 0.05), but the differences were not statistically significant between patients with different gender (both P > 0.05). The detection results of each BM-MSC group showed that rhMIF promoted the IL-8 expression in BM-MSC at the gene and protein levels, which could be inhibited by the MIF inhibitor ISO-1 (all P < 0.01). Conclusion:The increased expression levels of MIF in bone marrow fluid and plasma of patients with AML are associated with the disease progression, and rhMIF can promote the expression of IL-8 in BM-MSC.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify objective markers between the Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) and Parkinson′s disease (PD).Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed on 10 patients with MSA-P, 15 patients with PD, and 15 healthy control group during the period from August 2016 to February 2019 in Baoshan Branch of Shanghai First People′s Hospital.We combined the novel tract based spatial statistics (TBSS) and region of interest (ROI) analyses for the first time to investigate three groups with diffusion tensor imaging. By TBSS, we performed pairwise comparisons of mean diffusivity and fractional anisotropy (FA) maps. The clusters with significant differences between MSA-P and PD were used as ROIs for further analyses.Results:FA values in the left anterior thalamic radiation(ATR) (ROI values were 0.371(0.287-0.535), 0.472(0.390-0.594), 0.473(0.388-0.555); P values were 0.008, 0.008) and left superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF)(ROI values were 0.397(0.291-0.469), 0.456(0.338-0.560), 0.473(0.427-0.530); P values were 0.013,<0.001) were significantly decreased in MSA-P compared with PD or controls, and significantly correlated with clinical data(( r =-0.807, P =0.005),( r =-0.455, P =0.022)). Conclusion:Our findings indicate the abnormalities of left ATR and left SLF as specific biomarkers for differential diagnosis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features and outcome of neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in southwest Hubei, China.@*METHODS@#According to the Montreux definition of neonatal ARDS, a retrospective clinical epidemiological investigation was performed on the medical data of neonates with ARDS who were admitted to Department of Neonatology/Pediatrics in 17 level 2 or level 3 hospitals in southwest Hubei from January to December, 2017.@*RESULTS@#A total of 7 150 neonates were admitted to the 17 hospitals in southwest Hubei during 2017 and 66 (0.92%) were diagnosed with ARDS. Among the 66 neonates with ARDS, 23 (35%) had mild ARDS, 28 (42%) had moderate ARDS, and 15 (23%) had severe ARDS. The main primary diseases for neonatal ARDS were perinatal asphyxia in 23 neonates (35%), pneumonia in 18 neonates (27%), sepsis in 12 neonates (18%), and meconium aspiration syndrome in 10 neonates (15%). Among the 66 neonates with ARDS, 10 neonates (15%) were born to the mothers with an age of ≥35 years, 30 neonates (45%) suffered from intrauterine distress, 32 neonates (49%) had a 1-minute Apgar score of 0 to 7 points, 24 neonates (36%) had abnormal fetal heart monitoring results, and 21 neonates (32%) experienced meconium staining of amniotic fluid. Intraventricular hemorrhage was the most common comorbidity (12 neonates), followed by neonatal shock (9 neonates) and patent ductus arteriosus (8 neonates). All 66 neonates with ARDS were treated with mechanical ventilation in addition to the treatment for primary diseases. Among the 66 neonates with ARDS, 10 died, with a mortality rate of 15% (10/66), and 56 neonates were improved or cured, with a survival rate of 85% (56/66).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Neonatal ARDS in southwest Hubei is mostly mild or moderate. Perinatal asphyxia and infection may be the main causes of neonatal ARDS in this area. Intraventricular hemorrhage is the most common comorbidity. Neonates with ARDS tend to have a high survival rate after multimodality treatment.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Meconium Aspiration Syndrome , Pregnancy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827249

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of vertebral body stent (VBS) system and percutanous kyphoplasty (PKP) combined with zoledronic acid for the treatment of severely osteoporotic compression vertebral fractures (OVCFs).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 48 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures treated from December 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 13 males and 35 females, aged 55 to 92 years old with an average (71.2±10.5) years. All patients were treated with VBS system PKP surgery, and zoledronic acid injection was used for anti-osteoporosis treatment after operation. The VAS scores ODI, the height of diseasedvertebral lost were compared before operation, 3 d and half a year after operation, and whether there was re-fracture of diseased or adjacent vertevrae after operation was observed.@*RESULTS@#Before operation, 3 d and half a year after operation, VAS scores were 7.60±0.12, 3.00±0.46, 1.20±0.23, ODI were(82.00±0.32)%, (30.00±1.50) %, (18.00±0.16) %, the height of diseased vertebral lost were (12.00±0.43) mm, (3.00± 0.15) mm, (3.60±0.51) mm respectively. Postoperative VAS score, ODI, the height of diseased vertebral lost were obviously improved (0.05). All the 48 patients were followed up with an average time of (6.6±0.5) months. All the incisions healed at grade A after operation, and no re-fracture of diseased vertebrae or adjacent vertebrae was found at the final follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#VBS system and PKP combined with zoledronic acid in the treatment of OVCFs not only may effectively relieve the pain in the thoracolumbar back, improve the mobility of the thoracolumbar, but also can restore the height of the vertebral body to the maximum extent, and prevent the re-fracture of the affected vertebrae and adjacent vertebrae, which is worthy to spread in clinic.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Zoledronic Acid
15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 104-110, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941068

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of ticagrelor on cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 1 073 patients, who were diagnosed as coronary heart disease and underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) within 1 year after PCI, were enrolled from September 2017 to September 2019 in Peking University Third Hospital, including 309 patients in ticagrelor group and 764 patients in clopidogrel group. Clinical information, blood test results, echocardiographic parameters, cardiorespiratory fitness related parameters (including peak oxygen uptake (VO(2)), anaerobic threshold VO(2), peak oxygen pulse (VO(2)/HR) and carbon dioxide ventilation equivalent (VE/VCO(2)) slope), coronary lesions and intervention information were obtained. Cardiopulmonary fitness related indexes were compared between the two groups, and the correlation between ticagrelor use and cardiopulmonary fitness related indexes was analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. Patients who underwent CPET within 1 month after PCI were included in the subgroup analysis. Results: In ticagrelor group, the age was (60.3±10.3) years, and 253(81.9%) cases were male. The age of clopidogrel group was (60.6±10.0) years, and there were 608(79.6%) males. No significant differences were observed in peak VO(2), anaerobic threshold VO(2), and peak VO(2)/HR between the two groups (all P>0.05), but the VE/VCO(2) slope was significantly higher in the ticagrelor group than in the clopidogrel group (30.075 (27.207, 33.603) vs. 28.853 (25.970, 32.336), P<0.001). Logistic regression analysis suggested that the peak VO(2), anaerobic threshold VO(2) and peak VO(2)/HR were not significantly correlated with the ticagrelor use (all P>0.05), while the VE/VCO(2) slope was independently correlated with ticagrelor use (OR=1.098, 95%CI 1.032-1.168, P=0.003). Subgroup analysis of patients who underwent CPET within 1 month after PCI also indicated that no significant difference were observed in peak VO(2), anaerobic threshold VO(2), peak VO(2)/HR and VE/VCO(2) slope between the two groups (all P>0.05). Logistic regression analysis suggested that the peak VO(2), anaerobic threshold VO(2) and peak VO(2)/HR were not significantly correlated with ticagrelor use (all P>0.05), while the VE/VCO(2) slope was significantly correlated with ticagrelor use (OR=1.132, 95%CI 1.030-1.244, P=0.010). Conclusion: Among coronary heart disease patients after PCI, treatment with clopidogrel does not result in significant decrease in exercise endurance as compared with patients treated with ticagrelor.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Exercise Test , Female , Heart Failure , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Oxygen Consumption , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Ticagrelor
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891644

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the outcomes and toxic effects of 5-day actinomycin D (Act-D) salvage therapy and to explore the predictors of Act-D resistance in patients with low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN)who failed 5-day methotrexate (MTX) chemotherapy. @*Methods@#This retrospective study analyzed patients with low-risk GTN administered Act-D salvage therapy after failing MTX chemotherapy at Women's Hospital, School of Medicine Zhejiang University between January 2000 and December 2015. The clinical parameters of these patients were collected and analyzed. @*Results@#The final analysis included 89 cases. Of these, 73 cases (82.02%) responded to salvage Act-D. The remaining 16 resistant cases were switched to etoposide, MTX, Act-D/ cyclophosphamide, and vincristine chemotherapy and achieved complete remission. Serum human chorionic gonadotrophin levels before Act-D salvage therapy (hCG Act-D )in the Act-Dresistant cases were significantly higher than those in the Act-D responders (median 605 vs.103 IU/L, p=0.009). However, the range of hCGAct-D values in Act-D responders was wider than that in Act-D-resistant cases (5.76–16,664 IU/L vs. 11.43–6,732 IU/L). Thus, assigning a general cut-off value was difficult considering the individual setting. Except for 2 cases requiring other salvage regimens due to Act-D toxicity, 97.80% of cases (89/91) tolerated the toxicity. During at least 1-year follow-up, the survival rate was 100.00% and no case developed recurrence. @*Conclusion@#Based on the good therapeutic effect and tolerable toxicity, we recommend Act-D salvage therapy for all patients with low-risk GTN who fail primary MTX chemotherapy.The higher serum hCG levels before Act-D salvage therapy may be associated with resistance to this treatment.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776662

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence of neonatal asphyxia and possible contributing factors for the development of severe asphyxia in Hubei Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, China.@*METHODS@#A total of 16 hospitals in Hubei Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture were selected as research centers. A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 22 294 live births in these 16 hospitals from January to December, 2016 to investigate the incidence rate of neonatal asphyxia and possible contributing factors for the development of severe asphyxia.@*RESULTS@#Of the 22 294 neonates born alive, 733 (3.29%) were diagnosed with neonatal asphyxia, among whom 627 had mild asphyxia and 106 had severe asphyxia. The neonates with low maternal education level, maternal anemia during pregnancy, chorioamnionitis, abnormal amniotic fluid, abnormal umbilical cord, placenta previa, placental abruption, Tujia Minority, preterm birth, and low birth weight had a higher incidence of severe asphyxia (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The incidence rate of neonatal asphyxia in Hubei Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture is higher. Low maternal education level, maternal anemia during pregnancy, chorioamnionitis, abnormal amniotic fluid, abnormal umbilical cord, placenta previa, placental abruption, Tujia Minority, preterm birth, and low birth weight may be related to the development of severe neonatal asphyxia.


Subject(s)
Asphyxia Neonatorum , Epidemiology , China , Humans , Incidence , Infant, Newborn , Retrospective Studies
18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 621-626, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805442

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the control attempts of body weight and its related factors among overweight and obese adults in China.@*Methods@#Data was from the 2013 Chinese Chronic Diseases and Risk Factors Surveillance Program, which covered 302 surveillance sites. 179 570 adults, selected through multistage stratified cluster sampling method, were interviewed. Demographic characteristics and weight-control attempts were collected via face-to-face interview. BMI, waist circumstance and blood pressure were individually measured under physical examination. Venous blood samples were obtained and tested for FPG, OGTT-2h, TC, TG, LDL-C and HDL-C. A total of 87 545 overweight and obese patients were included in this study, with the exclusion of 152 patients having the missed critical information. Rates on weight control and attempts were analyzed, using the complex weighting on samples to represent the overall overweight and obese adults in China.@*Results@#The rate of weight-control attempts was 16.3% (95%CI: 14.9%-17.7%). Among all the 12 133 patients who had undergone weight-control measures, the proportions of different attempts were as follows: diet (40.9%, 95%CI: 38.4%-43.3%), combination of diet and physical activity (31.5%, 95%CI: 28.9%-34.0%), physical activity (22.8%, 95%CI: 21.0%-24.6%) and drug control (1.3%, 95%CI: 1.0%-1.7%). Factors as: being female (OR=1.26, 95%CI: 1.15-1.38), at younger age (18-44 years old, OR=1.51, 95%CI: 1.31-1.74), with high education levels (college degree or above, OR=4.52, 95%CI: 3.76-5.43), having high annual income (≥24 000 Yuan, OR=1.94, 95%CI: 1.63-2.30) etc., appeared as favorable factors for taking the measures vs. rural residency (OR=0.63, 95%CI: 0.55- 0.72) as the unfavorable one.@*Conclusion@#The rate of weight-control attempts appeared low among the overweight and obese adults who were affected by factors as age, education and income level. Personalized intervention measures should be carried out for people with different characteristics.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 412-416, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805002

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the epidemiological characteristics of imported acute infectious diseases between 2008 and 2017 in the border areas of Yunnan province.@*Methods@#All the cases occurred between January 2008 and December 2017 and related information was from the Chinese CDC infectious disease report information management system, according to definition of imported cases diagnosed by clinicians. Epidemiological characteristics of the imported cases of related information were gathered.@*Results@#A total of 13 157 imported acute infectious diseases were reported from the border areas of Yunnan province, which accounted for 6.03% (13 157/218 284) of the total number of acute infectious diseases in the same areas from 2008 to 2017. Malaria, dengue fever and hand-foot-mouth disease were accounted for 56.05% (7 374/13 157), 21.82% (2 871/13 157) and 4.62% (608/13 157), of all the case, respectively. The number of imported malaria cases decreased annually. However, dengue fever showed a sharp increase. Peaks of the epidemics appeared as: May for malaria and October for dengue fever. Male patients were accounting for the majority (73.22%, 9 634/13 157), so as the patients with Chinese nationality (54.91%, 7 225/13 157). The age distribution appeared as: 67.12% (8 829/13 157) for the 15-44 year olds and 19.26% (2 535/13 157) were children below 14 years of age. Proportions of occupation appeared as: farmers (45.23%, 5 596/13 157), migrant workers (21.30%, 2 802/13 157) and children living at home (11.12%, 1 463/13 157). Most of the imported cases were coming from Myanmar and appearing in the following three counties: Ruili city, Tengchong city, and Yingjiang of Yunnan province. Cities/counties that with number of imported cases more than 10% of the local reported cases, would include Ruili city, Tengchong city, Zhenkang county and Mangshi of Yunnan province.@*Conclusions@#Imported acute infectious disease was a serious public health problem in Yunnan province, 2008-2017. The main imported acute infectious diseases were malaria, dengue fever and hand-foot-mouth disease. The majority imported cases were accounting for Chinese, male, young adults and farmers. It is also important for immigration workers to carry out surveillance, prevention and control programs on infectious diseases when working in neighboring countries.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 284-289, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804866

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To estimate the prevalence of MS in elderly people aged ≥60 years and its related factors in China and provide scientific evidence for prevention and control of MS in the elderly.@*Methods@#Data used in this study were obtained from the 2013 Chinese Chronic Diseases and Risk Factor Surveillance Program. A total of 50 497 people aged ≥60 years were selected and interviewed through multistage stratified cluster sampling at 298 surveillance sites in 31 provinces. According to the Chinese MS diagnostic criteria proposed by the Chinese Medical Association Diabetes Branch in 2017, the prevalence rates of different MS forms were compared, and the main related factors were analyzed.@*Results@#The prevalence rate of MS was 36.9% (95%CI: 35.4-38.5). The prevalence rate was higher in urban area than in the rural area, higher in females than in males, higher in eastern area than in western area. The prevalence rate of MS in elderly people aged ≥70 years was lower than that in those aged 60-69 years. The rate in the elderly with higher education and income levels was higher than that in the elderly with lower socioeconomic level. The comparison of the prevalence of the five forms of MS in the elderly showed that hypertension had the highest prevalence rate (72.8%), followed by hyperglycemia (41.7%) and central obesity (37.6%). The prevalence rates of hypertriglyceridemia and low HDL-C were 25.8% and 17.5%. The risk for MS in women was 1.20 times higher than that in men. Age, gender, education level, living area and urban or rural residence were the main factors influencing the prevalence of MS. Smoking, drinking and physical activity levels were correlated with MS.@*Conclusions@#The risk for MS was higher in women than in men in China’s elderly population, and the risk was related to socioeconomic level and life behaviors. It is recommended to carry out lifestyle interventions, such as increasing exercise and having reasonable diet for the elderly patients with MS. Hypertension and diabetes patients also need to be treated with drugs to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality.

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