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1.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1104-1109, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998236

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo develop a bilateral rehabilitation robot motion assistance strategy based on admittance control, so that rehabilitation physicians can assist patients in rehabilitation training through remote teaching. MethodsA bilateral remote rehabilitation platform with upper limb terminal traction was constructed. Based on the velocity admittance control, the interactive movement between the master robot and the rehabilitation physician was realized, and the position information transmission of the master-slave robot was realized through the communication framework built. The slave robot received the position coordinates of the main robot, and drove the patient to carry out rehabilitation exercises under the attitude admittance controller. ResultsThe robot could drive the patient to accurately track the trajectory of the doctor's teaching in real time, and improve the safety and compliance of the training and human-computer interaction. ConclusionBy introducing two admittance controllers, the trajectory of the physician's end can be accurately tracked when driving the patient's movement from the robotic arm, which effectively avoids the discomfort of the patient's arm in process of rehabilitation.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 466-470, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994064

ABSTRACT

Fumarate hydratasedeficient renal cell carcinoma(FH-RCC)is s a rare and highly aggressive and metastatic form of renal cell carcinoma. Clinical diagnosis is relatively challenging, and there is a lack of recognized systemic treatment options. Therefore, in clinical practice, it is necessary to have a deeper understanding of this disease and fully integrate family history, imaging findings, and pathological manifestations for clinical identification, and genetic testing shoule be conducted when necessary. Improved patient prognosis can be achieved through the selection of appropriate curative surgery or systemic treatment strategies.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 226-232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992701

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effects of adjustable traction skin stretchers used in repair of wounds at the lower leg, foot and ankle.Methods:A retrospective study was performed to analyze the clinical data of 56 patients who had been treated for skin defects at the lower leg, foot and ankle from August 2016 to September 2022 at The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Honghui Hospital, Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University Medical College, The First Affiliated Hospital of Henan Polytechnic University, and Yunnan Zhongde Orthopedic Hospital. There were 35 males and 21 females, aged (39.9±18.7) years. There were 43 traumatic wounds, 3 burns, 6 inflammatory wounds, 3 relief incisions due to osteofascial compartment syndrome, and 1 scar. The areas of skin defect ranged from 2.5 cm × 2.0 cm to 20.0 cm × 10.0 cm. The duration of wounds was (8.6±7.8) d. All the wounds were repaired with adjustable traction skin stretchers. The row-hook type of skin stretchers was used in 28 cases, the single-rod type in 20 cases, the single-rod type combined with an external fixator in 5 cases, and a combination of the row-hook type and the single-rod type in 3 cases.The time for wound traction closure, color of wound skin margin, skin swelling around the wound, functional recovery of affected limb and complications were recorded.Results:The time from skin stretching to wound closure was (7.8±3.8) d in the 56 patients. The color of wound skin edge after stretching was normal in 16 cases, dark red in 38 cases, and dark in 2 cases; the skin swelling around the wound was degree 1 in 21 cases, degree 2 in 33 cases, and degree 3 in 2 cases. The 56 patients were followed up for (8.9±4.1) months. Primary wound closure was achieved in 48 patients, and secondary wound closure in 8 patients after repair with an autologous skin graft. Partial skin necrosis occurred due to tension blisters after skin stretching in 2 patients, one of whom was repaired with an autologous skin graft and the other of whom by dressing change. Deep bone infection recurred in 2 patients whose wounds healed after their bone defects were repaired using Ilizarov technique of bone transfer. In the 56 patients, the muscle strength of the lower extremity beyond the wound was recovered to normal, and the range of motion of the joints adjacent to the wound also recovered to normal.Conclusion:In repair of wounds at the lower leg, foot and ankle, adjustable traction skin stretchers can lead to fine clinical effects and limited complications, because the stretchers can control the tension of skin digitally and precisely.

4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 513-520, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984683

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognosis of mildly or severely symptomatic patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (OHCM) who underwent alcohol septal ablation (ASA). Methods: This retrospective study cohort consisted of patients with OHCM who received ASA treatment in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from March 2001 to August 2021. These patients were divided into mildly and severely symptomatic groups according to the severity of clinical symptoms. Long-term follow-up was conducted, and the following data were collected: duration of follow-up, postoperatire treatment, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification, arrhythmia events and pacemaker implantation, echocardiographic parameters, and cause of death. Overall survival and survival free from OHCM-related death were observed, and the improvement of clinical symptoms and resting left ventricular outflow tract gradient (LVOTG) and the incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation were evaluated. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to determine and compare the cumulative survival rates of the different groups. Cox regression analysis models were used to determine predictors of clinical events. Results: A total of 189 OHCM patients were included in this study, including 68 in the mildly symptomatic group and 121 in the severely symptomatic group. The median follow-up of the study was 6.0 (2.7, 10.6) years. There was no statistical difference in overall survival between the mildly symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year overall survival were 97.0% and 94.4%, respectively) and the severely symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year overall survival were 94.2% and 83.9%, respectively, P=0.405); there was also no statistical difference in survival free from OHCM-related death between the mildly symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year survival free from HCM-related death were 97.0% and 94.4%, respectively) and the severely symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year survival free from HCM-related death were 95.2% and 92.6%, respectively, P=0.846). In the mildly symptomatic group, NYHA classification was improved after ASA (P<0.001), among which 37 patients (54.4%) were in NYHA class Ⅰ, and the resting left ventricular outflow tract gradient (LVOTG) decreased from 67.6 (42.7, 90.1) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to 24.4 (11.7, 35.6) mmHg (P<0.001). In severely symptomatic group, NYHA classification was also improved post ASA (P<0.001), among which 96 patients (79.3%) improved by at least one NYHA classification, and the resting LVOTG decreased from 69.6 (38.4, 96.1) mmHg to 19.0 (10.6, 39.8) mmHg (P<0.001). The incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation was similar between the mildly and severely symptomatic groups (10.2% vs. 13.3%, P=0.565). Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that age was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in OHCM patients post ASA (HR=1.068, 95%CI 1.002-1.139, P=0.042). Conclusions: Among patients with OHCM treated with ASA, overall survival and survival free from HCM-related death were similar between mildly symptomatic group and severely symptomatic group. ASA therapy can effectively relieve resting LVOTG and improve clinical symptoms in mildly or severely symptomatic patients with OHCM. Age was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in OHCM patients post ASA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Atrial Fibrillation , Heart Septum/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery
5.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 212-220, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989341

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the patterns of intercellular communication in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) by single-cell nuclear transcriptome sequencing.Methods:Bilateral asymmetrical lesions mouth orbicular muscle of two patients with FSHD and mouth orbicular muscle of two healthy patients were selected. Six samples were obtained, and were divided into control group, mild group and severe group. The normal orbicularis muscle sample was collected from 2 healthy individuals (the control group). The muscle samples in the mild group were from two patients with relatively normal muscle sides, and the samples in the severe group were from two patients with more severe muscle damage sides. Single-cell nuclear transcriptome sequencing was performed on all cells of the three groups. Reduced dimension clustering and cell definition were performed to identify differentially expressed genes and enrichment pathways. Intercellular communication patterns among major cell types and key signaling pathways were explored by cellular communication analysis.Results:Differential gene expression analysis of FSHD bilateral muscle samples identified 46 functionally differentially expressed genes associated with the disease in different cell types, related to apoptosis, oxidative stress, immune inflammation, and muscle function. Intercellular communication was generally increased in the severe group. Fibro-adipogenic progenitors (FAPs) and macrophages are important signaling sources in the abnormal muscle microenvironment of FSHD and are closely associated with disease progression. There are six unique signaling pathways in the mild group, including bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), CXC motif chemokine ligand (CXCL), adhesion G protein-coupled receptor E5 (ADGRE5), interleukin-16 (IL-16), and wingless-type MMTV integration site family (WNT) signaling pathways. These signaling pathways are mainly involved in the interaction between macrophages, FAPs, and adipocytes and may be involved in the regulation of fat deposition and fibrosis changes in the diseased muscle.Conclusions:Single-cell nuclear transcriptome sequencing provides a relatively comprehensive pattern of intercellular communication between key cell types in FSHD, providing an appropriate reference for understanding the intercellular regulatory mechanisms of the FSHD muscle microenvironment.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1049-1058, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978766

ABSTRACT

Sirolimus self-microemulsion-mesoporous silicon sustained release tablets were prepared in order to improve the dissolution of the insoluble drug sirolimus and reduce its side effects. Firstly, sirolimus self-microemulsion was prepared and cured with mesoporous silicon. Secondly, the suitable excipients were selected according to the appearance, hardness and in vitro release rate. The sustained-release tablets with hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) as skeleton material were prepared by powder direct pressing method, and the formulation was optimized by central composite design-response surface method to investigate the drug release in vitro. Finally, the pharmacokinetics was carried out in beagle dogs using the commercial sirolimus tablets as references. The final formulation of sustained-release tablets is as follows: 162 mg of sirolimus self-microemulsion-mesoporous silica (1∶1, w/w), 80 mg of HPMC K4M and 80 mg of carboxymethyl starch sodium, the microcrystalline cellulose is 168 mg. The results of in vitro release test showed that the self-made sustained-release tablets released slowly within 12 h, which conformed to the Ritger-Peppas model. The in vivo test results showed that compared with the commercial sirolimus tablets, the Cmax of the sustained-release tablets decreased by 49.47%, the Tmax of the sustained-release tablets was prolonged by 5.1 times, and the relative bioavailability was 105.81%. Sirolimus self-microemulsion-mesoporous silicon sustained-release tablets have good sustained-release effects in vitro and in vivo, which provides a reference for the solubilization of other insoluble drugs and the research and development of sustained-release preparations. Animal experiments and welfare processes were reviewed and approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of the 900TH Hospital of the Joint Logistics support Force.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1611-1618, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978718

ABSTRACT

A quantitative analysis method for six principal active constituents (acubin, geniposidic acid, chlorogenic acid, pinoresinol di-O-glucopyranoside, geniposide, and pinoresinol 4-O-glucopyranoside) of crude Eucommiae Cortex (EC) and its salt-processed product extracts was developed to investigate and compare their pharmacokinetic behaviors in adenine-induced renal fibrotic rats in vivo. UHPLC-QqQ-MS/MS technology was employed. Scan was conducted in negative ion mode and quantitative determination was carried out by MRM paired ion. The established method was fully validated by specificity, linearity, precision, accuracy, stability, recovery, and matrix effect, and the results of methodological investigation met the requirements of biological sample analysis. Then, a quick, sensitive, and accurate method was successfully established, which could simultaneously measure the contents of six active constituents of crude and salt-processed EC extracts in rat plasma. After a single administration to renal fibrotic rats of crude EC and its salt-processed product extracts, the plasma concentration of each constituent at different time points was measured, the pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated and the concentration time curves were structured. The experiment was approved by the experimental animal ethics committee from Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine (No. 202103A008). The results showed that compared to the crude Eucommiae Cortex group, the tmax of aucubin, pinoresinol di-O-glucopyranoside, geniposide, and pinoresinol 4-O-glucopyranoside in the salt-processed Eucommiae Cortex group rat plasma were significantly lower than those in the crude group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01); the Cmax and AUC0-48 h of chlorogenic acid, the Cmax, AUC0-48 h and AUC0-∞ of pinoresinol di-O-glucopyranoside, and the Cmax of geniposide and pinoresinol 4-O-glucopyranoside were significantly higher than those in the crude group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Our investigation found that compared to crude Eucommiae Cortex, a variety of active ingredients could play a role of quick effect with higher peak blood concentration and bioavailability after oral administration of salt-processed Eucommiae Cortex, which were consistent with the traditional Chinese medicine theory of "salt-processing enhancing drug into kidney meridian", providing an experimental basis for the selection of quality control indexes and the in-depth study of processing mechanisms and metabolic rules in vivo of Eucommiae Cortex and its salt-processed product.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1790-1801, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978652

ABSTRACT

Plasma metabolomics based on UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS technique was developed for profiling the mechanism on attenuating hepatic fibrosis of Bupleuri Radix (BR) and Paeoniae Radix Alba (PRA) before and after vinegar-processing and compatibility, and to screen potential pharmacodynamic substances by spectrum-effect correlation method in this study. Firstly, SD rats with CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis were used as an in vivo model. The blood and tissue samples were collected for the analyses of pharmacodynamic indexes and plasma metabolomics after six weeks’ administration of BR, vinegar-processed BR (VPBR), PRA, vinegar-processed PRA (VPPRA), BR-PRA herb-pair, and VPBR-VPPRA herb-pair. The experiment was approved by the experimental animal ethics committee from Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine (No.202103A002). The results of pharmacodynamics indicated that the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT, P < 0.01), aspartate aminotransferase (AST, P < 0.01), and hydroxyproline (HYP, P < 0.01) were decreased significantly, while the level of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px, P < 0.05) was increased obviously after administration of all treatment groups. Next, UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was performed to characterize the endogenous metabolites. A total of 20 differential endogenous metabolites related to the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis were identified in positive and negative ion modes, mainly involving five metabolic pathways of retinol metabolism, glycerol phospholipid metabolism, glyceride metabolism, fatty acid biosynthesis, and arachidonic acid metabolism. Meanwhile, a concept named correction rate was introduced to evaluate the back-regulation effects of all treatment groups on differential metabolites, and 10 differential metabolites were corrected by all treatment groups. The correction effects of the vinegar-processed herb groups were better than those of the crude ones, and the correction effects of the herb-pair groups were better than those of the single ones. Interestingly, the best correction effect was found in the VPBR-VPPRA herb-pair group, which further verified the efficacy improvement through vinegar-processing and compatibility. Partial least square method and VIP analysis combined with spectrum-effect correlation were applied for screening pharmacodynamic markers, and 38 ingredients with higher correlation with four classical pharmacodynamic indexes (ALT, AST, HYP, and GSH-Px) were identified as pharmacodynamic markers of the anti-hepatic fibrosis effects of BR and PRA before and after vinegar-processing and compatibility. The results of the investigation could not only lay a foundation for clarifying the pharmacodynamic materials and mechanism of vinegar-processing and compatibility of BR and PRA in the treatment of hepatic fibrosis as well as provide a theoretical basis for demonstrating the scientific connotation of processing and compatibility, but also provide a reference for further drug design and development of BR and PRA in clinic.

9.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 595-603, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981092

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To improve the understanding of the virome and bacterial microbiome in the wildlife rescue station of Poyang Lake, China.@*METHODS@#Ten smear samples were collected in March 2019. Metagenomic sequencing was performed to delineate bacterial and viral diversity. Taxonomic analysis was performed using the Kraken2 and Bracken methods. A maximum-likelihood tree was constructed based on the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) region of picornavirus.@*RESULTS@#We identified 363 bacterial and 6 viral families. A significant difference in microbial and viral abundance was found between samples S01-S09 and S10. In S01-S09, members of Flavobacteriia and Gammaproteobacteria were the most prevalent, while in S10, the most prevalent bacteria class was Actinomycetia. Among S01-S09, members of Myoviridae and Herelleviridae were the most prevalent, while the dominant virus family of S10 was Picornaviridae. The full genome of the pigeon mesivirus-like virus (NC-BM-233) was recovered from S10 and contained an open reading frame of 8,124 nt. It showed the best hit to the pigeon mesivirus 2 polyprotein, with 84.10% amino acid identity. Phylogenetic analysis showed that RdRp clustered into Megrivirus B.@*CONCLUSION@#This study provides an initial assessment of the bacteria and viruses in the cage-smeared samples, broadens our knowledge of viral and bacterial diversity, and is a way to discover potential pathogens in wild birds.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Wild/genetics , Lakes , Phylogeny , Picornaviridae/genetics , Viruses/genetics , China , Metagenomics , Genome, Viral
10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 101-107, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969812

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prognosis impact of adjuvant trastuzumab treatment on human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) positive early breast cancer patients. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted, HER-2-positive T1N0M0 stage breast cancer patients who underwent surgery in the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from January 2010 to December 2019 were divided into treatment group and control group according to whether they were treated with trastuzumab or not. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to balance the confounding bias caused by differences in baseline characteristics between the two groups. Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the risk factors affecting disease-free survival (DFS). The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the 3- and 5-year DFS and overall survival (OS) rates of the two groups before and after PSM. Results: There were 291 patients with HER-2 positive T1N0M0 stage breast cancer, including 21 cases in T1a (7.2%), 61 cases in T1b (21.0%), and 209 cases in T1c (71.8%). Before PSM, there were 132 cases in the treatment group and 159 cases in the control group, the 5-year DFS rate was 88.5%, and the 5-year OS rate was 91.5%. After PSM, there were 103 cases in the treatment group and 103 cases in the control group, the 5-year DFS rate was 86.0%, and the 5-year OS rate was 88.5%. Before PSM, there were significant differences in tumor size, histological grade, vascular invasion, Ki-67 index, postoperative chemotherapy or not and radiotherapy between the treatment group and the control group (P<0.05). After PSM, there were no significant difference in clinicopathological features between the treatment group and the control group (P>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that histological grade (HR=2.927, 95 CI: 1.476, 5.805; P=0.002), vascular invasion (HR=3.410, 95 CI: 1.170, 9.940; P=0.025), menstrual status (HR=3.692, 95 CI: 1.021, 13.344, P=0.046), and chemotherapy (HR=0.238, 95 CI: 0.079, 0.720; P=0.011) were independent factors affecting DFS. After PSM, the 5-year DFS rate of the treatment group was 89.2%, while that of the control group was 83.5%(P=0.237). The 5-year OS rate of the treatment group was 96.1%, while that of the control group was 84.7%(P=0.036). Conclusion: Postoperative targeted therapy with trastuzumab can reduce the risk of recurrence and metastasis in patients with HER-2-positive T1N0M0 stage breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Trastuzumab/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Staging , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Receptor, ErbB-2/metabolism , Prognosis , Disease-Free Survival
11.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 137-142, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970990

ABSTRACT

Selective dorsal neurotomy (SDN) is a surgical treatment for primary premature ejaculation (PE), but there is still no standard surgical procedure for selecting the branches of the dorsal penile nerves to be removed. We performed this study to explore the value of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) of the penile sensory-evoked potential (PSEP) for standard surgical procedures in SDN. One hundred and twenty primary PE patients undergoing SDN were selected as the PE group and 120 non-PE patients were selected as the normal group. The PSEP was monitored and compared between the two groups under both natural and general anesthesia (GA) states. In addition, patients in the PE group were randomly divided into the IONM group and the non-IONM group. During SDN surgery, PSEP parameters of the IONM group were recorded and analyzed. The differences in PE-related outcome measurements between the perioperative period and 3 months' postoperation were compared for the PE patients, and the differences in effectiveness and complications between the IONM group and the non-IONM group were compared. The results showed that the average latency of the PSEP in the PE group was shorter than that in the normal group under both natural and GA states (P < 0.001). Three months after surgery, the significant effective rates in the IONM and non-IONM groups were 63.6% and 34.0%, respectively (P < 0.01), and the difference in complications between the two groups was significant (P < 0.05). IONM might be useful in improving the short-term therapeutic effectiveness and reducing the complications of SDN.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Premature Ejaculation/surgery , Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring/methods , Prospective Studies , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Penis/surgery , Retrospective Studies
12.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1104-1111, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955230

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) imaging in preoperative evaluating perineural invasion (PNI) of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).Methods:The prospective study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 63 ESCC patients who underwent IVIM imaging before surgery in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University & Henan Cancer Hospital from January 2016 to April 2019 were selected. Patients underwent routine magnetic resonance imaging scan and IVIM sequence examination. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), true diffusion coefficient (D), pseudodiffusion coefficient (D*) and pseudodiffusion fraction (f) values were measured. Observation indicators: (1) situations of enrolled patients; (2) IVIM examination of PNI of ESCC and its diagnostic efficiency. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3) or M(range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Wilcoxon rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. The interclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate cosistency of results. The receiver operating characrteristic curve was used to evaluate diagnostic efficiency. Results:(1) Situations of enrolled patients. A total of 63 patients were selected for eligibility. There were 41 males and 22 females, aged 60(range, 43?74)years. Of the 63 ESCC patients, 17 cases had PNI and 46 cases had no PNI. Cases with well differentiated tumor, moderate differentiated tumor or low differentiated tumor, cases in stage T1, T2, T3, T4 of infiltra-tion depth, cases with or without lymph node metastasis were 0, 6, 11, 0, 3, 13, 1, 15, 2 in patients with PNI, versus 6, 24, 16, 1, 22, 23, 0, 12, 34 in patients without PNI, showing significant differences between them ( Z=?2.32, ?2.49, χ2=19.58, P<0.05). (2) IVIM examination of PNI of ESCC and its diagnostic efficiency. The ADC, D, D*, f values were (2.21±0.33)×10 ?3 mm 2/s, (1.46±0.31)×10 ?3 mm 2/s, 32.50 (15.55,46.75)×10 ?3 mm 2/s, (0.34±0.09)×10 ?3 mm 2/s in patients with PNI, versus (2.45±0.45)×10 ?3 mm 2/s, (1.72±0.38)×10 ?3 mm 2/s, 34.85(23.43,51.20)×10 ?3 mm 2/s, (0.42±0.13)×10 ?3 mm 2/s in patients without PNI, showing significant differences in the ADC, D and f values between them ( t=?2.03, ?2.52, ?2.34, P<0.05) and no significant difference in the D* value between them ( Z=?0.84, P>0.05). The cosistency of ADC, D, D* and f values in the 63 ESCC patients measured by 2 radiologists was good, with the ICC as 0.96, 0.92, 0.89 and 0.95. The receiver operating characrteristic curve demons-trated the best cut-off value of ADC, D and f values were 2.50×10 ?3 mm 2/s, 1.68×10 ?3 mm 2/s and 0.41, with the areas under the curve as 0.67 (95% confidence interval as 0.54?0.79), 0.70 (95% confidence interval as 0.58?0.81) and 0.69 (95% confidence interval as 0.57?0.80), respectively. The combina-tion of D and f value for diagnosing PNI of ESCC had the area under the curve as 0.74 (95% confidence interval as 0.62?0.84), with the cut-off value as 0.20, sensitivity and specificity as 94.1% and 56.5%. Conclusions:IVIM parameters D and f values can evaluate and predict the PNI of ESCC preopera-tively. The combination of D and f values can further improve the diagnostic efficiency.

13.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 110-115, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933957

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of foraging exercise (FE) on the behavior of rats with post-stroke depression (PSD) and the expression of 5-Hydroxytryptamine 1A (5-HT1A) receptor and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) in their frontal lobes.Methods:Thirty-six healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into an ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) group, a PSD group and a PSD+ FE (FE) group, each of 12. The right middle cerebral artery of each was occluded using the thread occlusion method with 1.5h of ischemia. In the PSD and FE groups, mild stimulation was administered at unpredictable intervals over 3 weeks beginning 1 week after the successful modeling. The rats in the I/R group were raised in a group. Those in the PSD group were raised in individual cages. Those in the FE group were raised in a single cage and foraged freely for a total of 4 weeks. Four and eight weeks after the modeling, the body weights were measured, and the open field, social interaction (SIT) and sugar preference tests were administered to all of the groups. Four weeks later, all of the rats were sacrificed and their brains were sliced and stained. The expression of 5-HT1A receptor and TGF-β1 in the frontal lobe was detected using western blotting.Results:One week after modeling, there was no significant difference in average body weight or the average behavioral scores among the three groups. After four weeks the PSD and FE groups had significantly lower average body weight than the I/R group, fewer counts of rearing and grid crossing, longer SIT latency, less interaction time and lower average sugar preference (all significant differences). After eight weeks the average body weight had increased in each group. SIT latency had shortened and interaction time had increased in the FE group, and the rearing and grid crossing counts and sugar preference had increased in the PSD and FE groups. At that point the FE group had significantly greater average body weight than the PSD group, more counts of rearing and grid crossing, shorter SIT latency, increased interaction time, and greater sugar preference. The ratio of residual brain volume in the right hemisphere of the PSD and FE groups was significantly lower on average than in the I/R group. However, there was no significant difference in the right residual brain volume ratio between the PSD and FE groups. Staining revealed that the pathological changes in the frontal lobes of the FE group had been significantly relieved compared with the PSD group. Eight weeks after the operation the increases in average 5-HT 1A receptor and TGF-β1 levels in the FE group were significantly greater than in the PSD group.Conclusion:Foraging can relieve the depressive symptoms of rats modeling post-stoke depression. The mechanism may be related to alleviating the pathological damage and increasing the expression of 5-HT1AR and TGF-β1 in the frontal lobe. Early chronic stress may increase the volume of cerebral infarction, at least in rats.

14.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 119-126, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984106

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To examine the effect of improving diatom DNA extraction by glass bead - vortex oscillation method.@*METHODS@#The DNeasy PowerSoil Pro kit was used as control, two plant DNA extraction kits with different principles (New Plant genomic DNA extraction kit and Plant DNA Isolation kit) and one whole blood DNA extraction kit (whole blood genomic DNA extraction kit) were selected to extract diatom DNA from lung tissue and water sample of the same drowning case. The combination of mass ratio of glass beads with different sizes and vortex oscillation time was designed, and the optimal DNA extraction conditions were selected with the addition of glass beads oscillation. The extracted products of the conventional group and the modified group were directly electrophoretic and detected by diatom specific PCR. Finally, all the extracts were quantified by qPCR, and the Ct values of different groups were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#When the frequency of vortex oscillation was 3 000 r/min, the optimal combination of DNA extraction was vortex oscillation for 4 min, and the mass ratio of large glass beads to small glass beads was 1∶1. The DNeasy PowerSoil Pro kit was used as a reference, and the Ct value of 10 mL water sample was greater than that of 0.5 g tissue. The Ct values of the other three kits used for plant DNA extraction decreased after the glass beads-vortex oscillation method was used, and the Ct values of the tissues before and after the improvement were statistically significant (P<0.05). The whole blood genomic DNA extraction kit used in this study could successfully extract diatom DNA, the extraction of water samples was close to DNeasy PowerSoil Pro kit, after the modified method was applied to tissue samples, the difference in Ct value was statistically significant (P<0.05). However, when the three kits were used to extract diatom DNA from water samples, Ct values before and after the improvement were only statistically significant in New Plant genomic DNA extraction kit group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The improved glass bead-vortex oscillation method can improve the extraction efficiency of diatom DNA from forensic materials, especially from tissue samples, by plant and blood DNA extraction kits.


Subject(s)
DNA, Plant/genetics , Diatoms/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Water
15.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 367-372, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932612

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of preoperative and postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapies in the treatment of stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ A gastric cancer patients who underwent D2 lymphadenectomy with R0 resection. Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of patients with stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ A gastric cancer who underwent D2 lymphadenectomy with R0 resection in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2012 to 2019. Among these patients, 25 received preoperative chemoradiotherapy (group A) and 22 received postoperative chemoradiotherapy (group B). The disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), local recurrence rate, distant metastasis rate, and adverse reactions were compared between both groups. The total dose, single dose, fractions, and duration of radiotherapy for all the patients were 45-50.4 Gy, 1.8-2.0 Gy, 25-28 fractions, and 5-6 weeks, respectively. The target areas were delineated in accordance with the ASTRO and EORTC-ROG guidelines. Results:There was no statistical difference in clinical baseline characteristics between the two groups. The median follow-up was 48 months (3-72 months). The 1-year OS of group A was significantly higher than that of group B (92% vs. 54.5%, χ2= 5.68, P = 0.017). The 3-year OS and DFS of the two groups were 56% vs. 40.9% ( P> 0.05) and 51.4% vs. 31.8% ( P> 0.05), respectively. There was no significant difference in the local recurrence rate between both groups ( P> 0.05), but the distant metastasis rate of group A was significantly lower than that of group B ( χ2= 6.01, P = 0.014). There was no significant difference in digestive side effects and myelosuppression between both groups ( P> 0.05). Conclusions:For patients with stageⅢ-Ⅳ A gastric cancer after D2 lymphadenectomy with R0 resection, the preoperative and postoperative chemoradiotherapies yield similar efficacy and safety. However, compared to postoperative chemoradiotherapy, preoperative chemoradiotherapy improves the 1-year OS and reduces the distant metastasis rate.

16.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 2-9, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931893

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of foraging exercise (FE) on depressive-like behaviors and expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) in hippocampus of rats with ischemic stroke after chronic stress.Methods:The right middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model was used in 30 male adult clean grade SD rats by suture method.According to the body weight, rats were evenly divided into stroke group ( n=10) and chronic unpredictable mild stimulation (CUMS) group ( n=20). Rats of CUMS group received stress induction 1 week after operation and lasted for 3 weeks. Then, according to random number generator of SPSS 24.0 software, the depression rats were divided into post-stroke depression (PSD) group( n=10) and FE groups ( n=10). The FE group received free FE intervention for 4 weeks. Body weight, water maze test, novelty inhibition feeding test (NSFT) and sucrose preference test (SPT) were performed at the end of the 1st, 4th and 8th week, respectively. The expression of TGF-β1 in hippocampus was detected by Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot (WB), and the levels of TGF-β1 and TNF-α in serum were detected by ELISA. SPSS 24.0 software was used for statistical analysis. The behavioral data were compared by two factor repeated measurement analysis of variance. One way ANOVA was used for comparison among groups, and LSD test was used for further pairwise comparison. Results:(1) The interaction between group and time had statistical significance on body weight, latency and food intake of NSFT and sucrose preference index(SPI) ( F=2.936-12.098, all P<0.05). After 4 weeks, compared with the stroke group((343.80±19.34)g, (12.10±6.97)s, (0.75±0.09)%), the body weight((307.80±17.23)g, (305.30±24.39)g), and SPI((0.52±0.06)%, (0.53±0.07)%) of PSD group and FE group were lower and the NSFT latency((21.70±7.02)s, (22.40±0.84)s) was longer (all P<0.05). After 8 weeks, SPI in FE group was higher than that in PSD group ( P=0.045). There were significant differences in body weight of three groups, NSFT latency and SPI of PSD group and FE group, and food intake of stroke and FE group ( F=8.478-196.548, all P<0.05). There was no interaction between group and time in the water maze test. Main effect of time ( P=0.034) and main effect of group ( P<0.01) had statistical significance on escape latency. The escape latency after 4 weeks was longer than that after 1 week ( P=0.003). The latency of PSD group was longer than that of stroke group ( P=0.005), and latency of FE group was shorter than that of the PSD group ( P<0.01). The main effect of group had statistical significance in the number of crossing quadrant ( P<0.01). The number of crossing quadrant of FE group was less than that of PSD group ( P<0.01). (2) Immunohistoche mistry staining showed that compared with the stroke group, the expression of TGF-β1 was down-regulated in 3 areas of hippocampus of PSD group (CA1, CA3 and DG) ( t=5.449-9.353, all P<0.01). Compared with stroke group, the expression of TGF-β1 of CA1 ( t=7.433, P<0.01) in FE group was down-regulated, but was up-regulated in CA3 ( t=3.342, P<0.05) of FE group. Compared with the PSD group, the expression of TGF-β1 was up-regulated in CA3 and DG of FE group ( t=7.811, 8.790, both P<0.01). (3) Western blot results: Compared with stroke group, the expression of TGF-β1 in hippocampus of PSD group was down-regulated ( t=3.255, P<0.01). Compared with the PSD group, the expression of TGF-β1 in hippocampus of FE group was up-regulated ( t=2.906, P<0.05). (4) ELISA detection showed that compared with the stroke group, the levels of TGF-β1 decreased ( t=2.224, P<0.05), but TNF-α increased ( t=6.127, P<0.01) in PSD group.Compared with the PSD group, the expression of TGF-β1 in FE group increased significantly ( t=4.417, P<0.01). Conclusion:Foraging exercise can improve the depressive behavior symptoms of ischemic stroke rats after chronic stress, and its mechanism may be related to the increasing expression of TGF-β1, which can alleviate the inflammatory reaction in hippocampus.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 721-725, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957032

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features and prognosis of liver perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasms (PEComa).Methods:The clinical data of 12 patients with liver PEComa diagnosed by pathology at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi 'an Jiaotong University from October 2011 to November 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 1 male and 11 females, with a median age of 44 (range 20 to 63) years old. The clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, imaging features, treatment methods, postoperative pathological features and treatment outcomes of these patients were collected and analysed. Postoperative follow-up by telephone or patient's follow-up records.Results:Among the 12 patients with hepatic PEComa, 8 patients (66.7%) were asymptomatic and 11 patients (91.7%) had a single lesion. All patients underwent surgical treatment, including local tumor resection in 10 patients (83.3%) and extended hemihepatectomy in 2 patients (16.7%). Enhanced CT showed the lesion to be a quasi-round homogeneous low-density mass, enhanced in arterial phase with hepatic artery branches in the lesion, and decrease in enhancement degrees in portal vein phase and delayed phase. Postoperative pathology of the lesions in all the 12 patients was benign. Immunohistochemical results showed that the positive rates of melanoma cell markers HMB45, Melan-A and smooth muscle actin were 100.0%(12/12), 83.3%(10/12) and 91.7%(11/12) respectively. The median follow-up period was 27 months, and no recurrence or metastasis was found.Conclusion:Hepatic PEComa occurred commonly in women with obscure symptoms. The lesion was mainly single and it had no correlation with hepatitis. It is easily confused with primary liver cancer and liver metastasis on medical imagings. PEComa expressed markers of both melanocyte and smooth muscle cell, and radical surgical resection resulted in good results.

18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 357-360, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928324

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore feasibility of closed reduction technique under monitoring of C-arm and three screws in the fixation of abduction and insertion femoral neck fracture.@*METHODS@#Seventeen patients with abduction and insertion femoral neck fracture operated from January 2014 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 10 males and 7 females, aged from 21 to 59(42.09±7.30) years old. According to preoperative X-ray and CT data, angle of retroversion and abduction displacement of femoral head were determined. Two 2 mm diameter Kirschner wires crossed and gently knocked into the bone of the acetabular roof from outside and front of femoral head. The proximal fracture segment was fixed on the acetabulum. Under the monitoring of C-arm, lower limb (distal fracture segment) was gradually rotated inward and retracted against direction of fracture displacement, three cannulated screws were used for internal fixation after anatomical reduction of the distal fracture end and the proximal fracture end. Garden index was evaluated, postoperative complications were observed, and Harris functional score was performed.@*RESULTS@#All 17 cases of femoral neck fracture with abduction and insertion were successfully completed closed reduction and internal fixation. The operation time was 36 to 68(43.87±7.63) min and intraoperative bleeding was 15 to 50(28.36±5.93) ml. The quality of fracture reduction was evaluated by garden index during operation. There were 12 cases of anatomical reduction, 5 cases of acceptable reduction, and no cases of unsuccessful reduction were changed to open reduction. 17 cases were followed up for 3 to 41(27.5±8.4) months. There were no complications such as femoral head necrosis, fracture nonunion, hip impingement and femoral neck shortening. MR examination showed no femoral head necrosis and articular cartilage injury. Two years after operation, Harris score of hip joint was excellent in 13 cases and good in 4 cases.@*CONCLUSION@#Closed reduction and three screws internal fixation can obtain good anatomical reduction rate and therapeutic effect in the treatment of abduction and insertion femoral neck fracture.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Wires , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 90-94, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the method and clinical effect of modified Chevron osteotomy of the distal end of the first metatarsal in the treatment of moderate and severe hallux valgus.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to January 2019, 28 patients(30 feet) with moderate and severe hallux valgus were treated with modified Chevron osteotomy combined with lateral soft tissue release of the first metatarsophalangeal joint, including 2 males (2 feet) and 26 females (28 feet). The age ranged from 35 to 74 (57.3±9.3) years;10 feet on the left, 16 feet on the right, 2 cases on both sides(4 feet);the course of disease was 3 to 12 (9.32±3.89) years. The changes of hallux valgus angle(HVA), intermetatarsal angle(IMA) between the first and second metatarsals and distal metatarsal articular angle(DMAA) of the first metatarsal were measured and compared before and 6 months after operation. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) thumb joint scoring system was used to evaluate the curative effect.@*RESULTS@#All 28 patients were followed up for 8 to 16 (11.28±3.42) months. The incision healed well in all patients, and there were no complications such as incision infection and metatarsal head necrosis. The healing time of osteotomy site was 6 to 10(7.12±1.34) weeks. Preoperative HVA, IMA, DMAA and AOFAS were (36.06±6.02) °, (21.78±4.16) °, (8.21±2.65) ° and (52.90±10.97) respectively, at six months after operation, they were (8.87±2.46) °, (11.66±2.84) °, (3.65±1.00) ° and (87.45±10.55) respectively, there was significant difference between preoperative and 6 months after operation(P<0.05). At 6 months after operation, AOFAS score was excellent in 20 feet, good in 7 feet and poor in 3 feet. Among the 3 patients with poor scores, 2 were excellent after revision, and 1 was significantly improved after using custom insoles.@*CONCLUSION@#Modified Chevron can effectively correct HVA, IMA and DMAA and improve functional recovery. The modified Chevron osteotomy increases the moving distance and the contact of the osteotomy surface. It can be fixed with multiple screws, has strong correction ability, and can exercise early. It is one of the optional methods for the treatment of moderate and severe hallux valgus.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Metatarsophalangeal Joint/surgery , Osteotomy , Radiography , Treatment Outcome
20.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 683-692, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921319

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To find the different electrophoretic profiles of prion protein in carcinous and individual pericarcinous tissues in lysates of gastric, colon, liver, lung, thyroid, and laryngeal cancers.@*Methods@#Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blot were used to test the amounts and electrophoretic patterns of total PrP and the tolerance of PK (protease K) digestion among six various cancer tissue types.@*Results@#A mass of PrP signals with a large molecular weight were identified in the homogenates of peripheral tissues. The amounts and electrophoretic patterns of total PrP did not differ significantly between carcinous and pericarcinous tissues. PrPs in all types of the tested cancer samples were PK sensitive but showed diversity in the tolerance of PK digestion among various tissue types.@*Conclusions@#The study revealed that the included electrophoretic patterns of carcinous and pericarcinous tissues were almost similar. Unlike PrP-specific immunohistochemical assay, evaluation of PrP electrophoretic patterns in the peripheral organs and tissues by Western blot does not reflect tumor malignancy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cricetinae , Humans , Blotting, Western , Brain , Brain Chemistry , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Neoplasms/chemistry , Prion Proteins/analysis
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