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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1246-1261, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971764

ABSTRACT

As a neurological disorder in the brain, epilepsy is not only associated with abnormal synchronized discharging of neurons, but also inseparable from non-neuronal elements in the altered microenvironment. Anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) merely focusing on neuronal circuits frequently turn out deficient, which is necessitating comprehensive strategies of medications to cover over-exciting neurons, activated glial cells, oxidative stress and chronic inflammation synchronously. Therefore, we would report the design of a polymeric micelle drug delivery system that was functioned with brain targeting and cerebral microenvironment modulation. In brief, reactive oxygen species (ROS)-sensitive phenylboronic ester was conjugated with poly-ethylene glycol (PEG) to form amphiphilic copolymers. Additionally, dehydroascorbic acid (DHAA), an analogue of glucose, was applied to target glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) and facilitate micelle penetration across the blood‒brain barrier (BBB). A classic hydrophobic AED, lamotrigine (LTG), was encapsulated in the micelles via self-assembly. When administrated and transferred across the BBB, ROS-scavenging polymers were expected to integrate anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation and neuro-electric modulation into one strategy. Moreover, micelles would alter LTG distribution in vivo with improved efficacy. Overall, the combined anti-epileptic therapy might provide effective opinions on how to maximize neuroprotection during early epileptogenesis.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 298-314, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971689

ABSTRACT

Metastasis accounts for 90% of breast cancer deaths, where the lethality could be attributed to the poor drug accumulation at the metastatic loci. The tolerance to chemotherapy induced by breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) and their particular redox microenvironment further aggravate the therapeutic dilemma. To be specific, therapy-resistant BCSCs can differentiate into heterogeneous tumor cells constantly, and simultaneously dynamic maintenance of redox homeostasis promote tumor cells to retro-differentiate into stem-like state in response to cytotoxic chemotherapy. Herein, we develop a specifically-designed biomimic platform employing neutrophil membrane as shell to inherit a neutrophil-like tumor-targeting capability, and anchored chemotherapeutic and BCSCs-differentiating reagents with nitroimidazole (NI) to yield two hypoxia-responsive prodrugs, which could be encapsulated into a polymeric nitroimidazole core. The platform can actively target the lung metastasis sites of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), and release the escorted drugs upon being triggered by the hypoxia microenvironment. During the responsiveness, the differentiating agent could promote transferring BCSCs into non-BCSCs, and simultaneously the nitroimidazole moieties conjugated on the polymer and prodrugs could modulate the tumor microenvironment by depleting nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate hydrogen (NADPH) and amplifying intracellular oxidative stress to prevent tumor cells retro-differentiation into BCSCs. In combination, the BCSCs differentiation and tumor microenvironment modulation synergistically could enhance the chemotherapeutic cytotoxicity, and remarkably suppress tumor growth and lung metastasis. Hopefully, this work can provide a new insight in to comprehensively treat TNBC and lung metastasis using a versatile platform.

3.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 281-287, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992505

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical manifestations, pathogenesis,diagnosis and treatment of negative pressure hydrocephalus (NPH).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the 5 patients with NPH admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery, Tianjin Huanhu Hospital from January 2019 to December 2021. All of the patients underwent lumbar puncture and ventricular puncture to test the pressure. Three patients underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV), the outcome of the patients was observed.Results:The pressure of subarachnoid was not equal to intraventricular, and the pressure of intraventricular was negative. Cisternography showed cerebrospinal fluid circulation obstruction in all 5 cases. The symptoms of 1 patient were improved after external negative pressure drainage, 3 patients were improved after further ETV and 1 patient had pulmonary infection without further surgical treatment.Conclusion:With the obstruction of cerebrospinal fluid circulation, the pressure of lateral ventricle and subarachnoid is different, when the pressure of brain or subarachnoid drop, the ventricular expansion under the effect of pressure gradient, intraventricular pressure drop even for the negative pressure. CT cisternography provides strong evidence for the diagnosis of this disease. External ventricular drainage with negative pressure and ETV are effective treatment methods.

4.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 14-18, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the application value of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in the detection of pathogenic bacteria in brain abscesses.Methods:The data of patients with brain abscess in Tianjin Huanhu Hospital from January 2019 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent stereotaxic abscess puncture and drainage. According to the different methods of pathogen detection, they were divided into bacterial culture group (bacterial culture only) and mNGS group (bacterial culture with mNGS). The clinical symptoms, abscess site, bacterial culture and mNGS results, antibiotic application protocol and prognosis of the patients were analyzed. The bacterial detection results of the two groups were analyzed, and the antibiotic application and prognosis were compared. χ 2 test, exact probability method and Mann Whitney test were used to compare the difference between the two groups. Results:A total of 43 patients with brain abscess were enrolled, including 21 cases in bacterial culture group and 22 cases in mNGS group. The positive rate of bacteria culture group was 42.9% (9/21), the positive rate of bacteria culture group was 45.5% (10/22), and the positive rate of mNGS detection was 100% (22/22). Only 3 cases in the bacterial culture group could have a clear bacterial source, while 17 cases in the mNGS group could have a clear bacterial source according to the bacterial results, showing a significant statistical difference between the two groups (χ 2=19.69, P<0.001). The return time of bacterial culture was 7.0 (4.0,7.0) days, and the average return time of mNGS was 1.5 (1.5,1.5) days, the difference of bacterial return time between the two groups was statistically significant ( Z=0.00, P<0.001). The cost of antibiotic use in bacterial culture group was 24.00 (5.60,31.00) thousands yuan, and the cost of antibiotic use in mNGS group was 12.00 (2.10, 20.00) thousands yuan, and there was significant statistical difference between them ( Z=5.22, P=0.026). Conclusions:MNGS can quickly and accurately identify the types and sources of brain abscess pathogens, guide the clinical application of antibiotics more targeted, reduce the cost of antibiotic use, and is an effective method for the detection of brain abscess pathogenic bacteria.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 815-825, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978769

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the development of ophthalmic therapeutic drugs, the vitreous body, as a channel for the treatment of ophthalmic diseases, especially fundus diseases, has opened up a new therapeutic approach for various choroidal neovascular diseases, macular edema, uveitis and other diseases associated with fundus diseases, which is represented by wet age-related macular degeneration (wAMD). The drugs administered through the vitreous body mainly include ocular anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections, microplasmin and hormones. For this kind of ophthalmic products, there are no clear technical guidelines and norms for non-clinical research at home and abroad. This article combines review practices and cases of marketed products to sort out the research progress and considerations on non-clinical studies of ophthalmic drugs dosing through the ocular vitreous body, in order to provide references for the research and evaluation of such drugs.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2250-2258, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982825

ABSTRACT

Entinostat plus exemestane in hormone receptor-positive (HR+) advanced breast cancer (ABC) previously showed encouraging outcomes. This multicenter phase 3 trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of entinostat plus exemestane in Chinese patients with HR + ABC that relapsed/progressed after ≥1 endocrine therapy. Patients were randomized (2:1) to oral exemestane 25 mg/day plus entinostat (n = 235) or placebo (n = 119) 5 mg/week in 28-day cycles. The primary endpoint was the independent radiographic committee (IRC)-assessed progression-free survival (PFS). The median age was 52 (range, 28-75) years and 222 (62.7%) patients were postmenopausal. CDK4/6 inhibitors and fulvestrant were previously used in 23 (6.5%) and 92 (26.0%) patients, respectively. The baseline characteristics were comparable between the entinostat and placebo groups. The median PFS was 6.32 (95% CI, 5.30-9.11) and 3.72 (95% CI, 1.91-5.49) months in the entinostat and placebo groups (HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.58-0.98; P = 0.046), respectively. Grade ≥3 adverse events (AEs) occurred in 154 (65.5%) patients in the entinostat group versus 23 (19.3%) in the placebo group, and the most common grade ≥3 treatment-related AEs were neutropenia [103 (43.8%)], thrombocytopenia [20 (8.5%)], and leucopenia [15 (6.4%)]. Entinostat plus exemestane significantly improved PFS compared with exemestane, with generally manageable toxicities in HR + ABC (ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT03538171).

7.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 717-723, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958573

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to explore the feasibility and clinical value of monitoring the progression of early kidney injury in type 2 diabetic patients by assessment of the urinary C-terminal agrin fragment (uCAF) with enzymatic chemiluminescence immunoassay.Methods:A total of 251 patients with type 2 diabetes, who attended the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from October 2018 to March 2020, were included in this retrospective analysis. One hundred and fifty-six participants undergoing health check-up at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine in February 2021 served as controls. Basic clinical information, glycosylated hemoglobin type A 1c and serum creatinine values were recorded, and urine specimens were collected for urinary creatinine, urinary α 1 microglobulin(uα 1M), urinary immunoglobulin G (uIgG), urinary albumin, urinary N-Acetyl-B-D-glycosaminidase (uNAG) and uCAF measurements. Based on the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 251 patients were classified into G1~G5 stage groups with 116, 22, 28, 55 and 30 patients in each group. One hundred and sixty-six patients with early diabetic kidney disease (stage G1-G3) were divided into subgroups A1 (79), A2 (48) and A3 (39) according to the urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR), the uα1M levels were divided into uα1M subgroup 1 (83 cases), uα1M subgroup 2 (42 cases), and uα1M subgroup 3 (41 cases), and uIgG subgroup 1 (83 cases), uIgG subgroup 2 (42 cases), and uIgG subgroup 3 (41 cases) according to uIgG levels. The Spearman method was used to analyze the correlation between uCAF levels and eGFR, UACR, uα1M and uIgG levels. Results:(1) The linear range of the uCAF detected by enzymatic chemiluminescence immunoassay was 3.97-2 000.00 ng/ml, with a detection limit of 2.28 ng/ml, intra-batch coefficients of variation of 1.15% and 1.57%, inter-batch coefficients of variation of 1.63% and 5.78%, and a biological reference interval of <95.35 μg/g Cr. (2) The uCAF level and positive rate (UACR≥30 mg/g) increased with the decrease of eGFR from G1-G3, uCAF level was negatively correlated with eGFR value ( r=-0.543, P<0.000 1), and the positive rate increased from 24.14% (28/116) to 85.71% (24/28) from G1-G3. The uCAF level and positivity rate decreased with the decrease of eGFR from G4 to G5. uCAF level was positively correlated with eGFR value ( r=0.495, P<0.001), and the positivity rate decreased from 30.91% (17/55) to 23.33% (7/30) from G4 to G5. (3) In patients with early diabetic kidney disease, uCAF levels and positivity rates increased gradually with the increase of UACR. uCAF levels were positively correlated with UACR values ( r=0.602, P<0.001), and the uCAF positivity rate reached 21.52% (17/79) in the A1 subgroup. (4) uCAF level was positively correlated with uα1M and uIgG levels in patients with early diabetic kidney disease ( r=0.757, 0.596, both P<0.001). Conclusion:Analytical performance of enzyme chemiluminescence immunoassay for the detection of CAF is satisfactory and could be used a biomarker for monitoring damage and progression of early diabetic kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes.

8.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 671-676, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958570

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury is a common and severe clinical event, the morbidity and mortality of acute kidney injury are increasing steadily, which is related with heavy burden to the country and social economy. Early diagnosis and intervention could significantly reduce the occurrence and progression of acute kidney injury. Therefore, it is of particular importance to find sensitive, specific, and economic biomarkers for acute kidney injury. In recent years, efforts have been made on exploring proteins in blood and urine as biomarkers of acute kidney injury. Present review summarizes progress in this field based on results of recent basic and clinical research.

9.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 470-477, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958336

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic stricturotomy (EST) under balloon-assisted enteroscopy (BAE) in treatment of benign jejuno-ileal stenosis.Methods:From December 2015 to August 2021, at the Air Force Medical Center, 41 patients who were diagnosed with benign jejuno-ileal stenosis underwent BAE deep small bowel EST and/or surgery due to ineffective or ineffective drug treatment were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-one patients were treated with EST (EST group) and 20 patients were treated with surgery (surgery group). The etiology and follow-up time were analyzed, the general conditions (male proportion and age), the immediate technical success rate (the percentage of the stenosis that the enteroscope could pass through after EST in the total number of treated stenoses), the incidence of complications (including perforation, bleeding, etc.), the symptom remission rates at 3-month, 6-month, and 1-year after treatment (the percentage of patients with complete or partial remission in the total number of patients), cumulative symptom-free survival rate (no obstruction-related symptoms after EST or surgery till the last follow-up) and cumulative surgery-free survival rate of two groups were compared. Chi-square test, independent t-test, Fisher′s exact probability method and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used for statistical analysis. Results:The main etiology of stricture of EST group and surgery group was Crohn′s disease (71.4%, 15/21 and 60.0%, 12/20, respectively), and the median follow-up time was 12 months (6 to 46 months) and 45 months (14 to 73 months), respectively. There were no significant differences in male proportion, age, immediate technical success rate and incidence of complication between EST group and surgery group (57.1%, 12/21 vs. 65.0%, 13/20; (45.2±17.4) years old vs. (43.1±20.3) years old; 95.3%, 41/43 vs. 100.0%, 30/30; 26.9%, 7/26 vs. 10.0%, 2/20, all P>0.05). In the EST group, 9.5% (2/21) of the patients received surgery because of perforation during EST, 76.2% (16/21) of the patients did not need surgery after EST, and the median symptom-free survival time of patients without symptoms in EST group was 13.3 months. There was no significant difference in the symptom remission rate at 3-month after treatment between EST group and the surgery group (17/19 vs. 100.0%, 20/20, P>0.05). The symptom remission rate at 6-month and 1-year of EST group were lower than those of the surgery group (15/19 vs. 100.0%, 20/20; 8/11 vs. 100.0%, 20/20), and the differences were statistically significant (both were Fisher′s exact probability method, P=0.047 and 0.037). The cumulative symptom-free survival rates at 3-month, 6-month and 1-year of EST group and surgery group were 66.0% vs. 90.0%, 61.0% vs. 85.0% and 54.0% vs. 80.0%, respectively.The results of Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that there was no significant difference in the symptom-free survival curve between two groups ( P>0.05). The 3-month, 6-month and 1-year cumulative surgery-free survival rates after treatment in EST group were 90.0%, 81.0% and 73.0%, respectively. The 3-month, 6-month and 1-year cumulative surgery-free survival rates after treatment in surgery group were all 100.0%. Conclusion:EST under BAE is technically feasible, and safe in the treatment of benign jejuno-ileal stenosis, and can effectively relieve clinical obstruction symptoms and avoid or delay surgery in the short term.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 662-666, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957022

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the detection rates of using different MRI sequences and enhanced CT in colorectal cancer liver metastasis (CRLM).Methods:The imaging data of CRLM patients who were treated at Peking University Third Hospital from March 2018 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Sixty-six CRLM lesions with a maximum diameter ≤10 mm were selected. Different MRI sequences such as T 1 weighted imaging (T 1WI), T 2 weighted imaging (T 2WI), diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), dynamic enhanced phase of MRI (MR-Dyn), gadolinium-etoxybenzyl-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA), enhanced hepatobiliary phase of MRI (HBP) and CT enhancement phase (CT-Dyn) were reviewed independently to determine whether the target lesions were detected. The pathological results were used as the gold standard. Paired chi-square test was used to compare the detection rate of CRLM in each group. Results:Among the 66 liver metastases, 15, 31, 55, 21, 56 and 20 were detected by T 1WI, T 2WI, DWI, MR-Dyn, HBP and CT-Dyn, respectively. Their detection rates were 22.7%, 47.0%, 83.3%, 31.8%, 84.8% and 30.3%, respectively. The detection rates of HBP and DWI were higher than those of T 2WI, MR-Dyn, CT-Dyn and T 1WI, respectively (all P<0.05). The detection rate of T 2WI was higher than that of MR-Dyn, CT-Dyn and T 1WI (all P<0.05). The detection efficiencies of non-contrast MRI and Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI for CRLM were highly consistent ( Kappa=0.745). Conclusions:The detection rates of HBP, DWI and T 2WI for CRLM were high. Non-contrast MRI could replace Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI for detection of large CRLM.

11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 137-146, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928791

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The literature recommends that reduced dosage of CPT-11 should be applied in patients with UGT1A1 homozygous mutations, but the impact of UGT1A1 heterozygous mutations on the adverse reactions of CPT-11 is still not fully clear.@*METHODS@#A total of 107 patients with UGT1A1 heterozygous mutation or wild-type, who were treated with CPT-11 from January 2018 to September 2021 in Peking University Third Hospital, were retrospectively enrolled. The adverse reaction spectra of patients with UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*28 mutations were analyzed. Adverse reactions were evaluated according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) 5.0. The efficacy was evaluated according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1. The genotypes of UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*28 were detected by digital fluorescence molecular hybridization.@*RESULTS@#There were 43 patients with UGT1A1*6 heterozygous mutation, 26 patients with UGT1A1*28 heterozygous mutation, 8 patients with UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*28 double heterozygous mutations, 61 patients with heterozygous mutation at any gene locus of UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*28. Logistic regression analysis showed that the presence or absence of vomiting (P=0.013) and mucositis (P=0.005) was significantly correlated with heterozygous mutation of UGT1A1*28, and the severity of vomiting (P<0.001) and neutropenia (P=0.021) were significantly correlated with heterozygous mutation of UGT1A1*6. In colorectal cancer, UGT1A1*6 was significantly correlated to diarrhea (P=0.005), and the other adverse reactions spectrum was similar to that of the whole patient cohort, and efficacy and prognosis were similar between patients with different genotypes and patients treated with reduced CPT-11 dosage or not.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In clinical use, heterozygous mutations of UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*28 are related to the risk and severity of vomiting, diarrhea, neutropenia and mucositis in patients with Pan-tumor and colorectal cancer post CPT-11 therpy. In colorectal cancer, UGT1A1*6 is significantly related to diarrhea post CPT-11 use, efficacy and prognosis is not affected by various genotypes or CPT-11 dosage reduction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Camptothecin/therapeutic use , Glucuronosyltransferase/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Mutation , Polymorphism, Genetic , Retrospective Studies
12.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 814-820, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995417

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of combination of sufficient argon plasma coagulation(APC) cauterization and clipping in the treatment of colonic diverticular bleeding.Methods:From June 2018 to April 2022, the clinical data of patients were retrospectively analyzed, who visited Department of Gastroenterology of Air Force Medical Center due to overt gastrointestinal bleeding, and were confirmed or suspected to have colonic diverticular bleeding and received combination of sufficient APC cauterization and clipping treatment. The deadline for follow-up was September 30, 2022. During the follow-up after endoscopic treatment, the re-bleeding rate, hemoglobin level difference between the last follow-up and before treatment, wound healing under colonoscopy as well as the intraoperative and postoperative complications of patients were statistically analyzed. Descriptive analysis was used for statistical analysis.Results:A total of 15 patients were enrolled, including 13 males and 2 females, aged (60.8±14.8) years old. The course of the disease was 1 day to 13 years. A total of 145 colonic diverticula of 15 patients were treated under endoscopy. The median follow-up time was 14.5 months (5.3 to 49.5 months) months. Among the 15 patients, 12 patients received endoscopic therapy once and no bleeding occurred till the end of follow-up. Three patients suspected with diverticular bleeding received a second endoscopic treatment because of bleeding at the 12 days, 3 months and 8 months after the first treatment, respectively.No rebleeding occurred after the second endoscopic therapy till the end of follow-up. The re-bleeding rate of the first treatment was 3/15 and the re-bleeding rate of re-treatment was 0. At the end of follow-up, the hemoglobin concentration increased (35.9±26.3) g/L compared with that before the treatment. Two patients had perforation during operation and were closed with multiple titanium clips. There was no abdominal pain or other symptoms after operation. And the patients were discharged 3 and 4 days after treatment, respectively. Two patients suffered short-term postoperative wound bleeding and successful hemostasis was achieved after endoscopic treatment. One patient developed postoperative infection and the symptoms disappeared after anti-infection treatment.Conclusions:Combination of sufficient APC cauterization and titanium clipping is safe and effective in the treatment of colonic diverticular bleeding. For patients with dominant diverticular hemorrhage, or patients with recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding, if other etiology are excluded and colonic diverticular bleeding is highly suspected, the combination of sufficient APC cauterization and titanium clipping under endoscopy is feasible.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 188-199, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913163

ABSTRACT

The non-specific accumulation and release of drugs are the main factors affecting the therapeutic effect as well as causing toxic side effects of chemotherapeutic drugs. Nowadays, the application of nanotechnology and responsive drug release is an important strategy to improve the tumor-specific accumulation of drugs and reduce their side effects. In this study, an α-enolase targeted peptide (ETP)-modified polyethylene glycol poly-lysine block copolymer loaded with oxaliplatin prodrug was synthesized first, and then, polymer-coating Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared by phase transfer dialysis method to improve the blood circulation stability and tumor targeting of oxaliplatin. At the same time, the physicochemical properties, reductant-responsive drug release, cellular uptake, tumor targeting and other biological functions of ETP modified oxaliplatin-loaded Fe3O4 nanoparticles were studied in vitro and in vivo. First, the results of reductant-triggered drug release study showed that the drug-loaded nanoparticles could achieve rapid release of more than 80% of the prototype oxaliplatin within 3 h under the reduction conditions simulating the tumor cytoplasmic microenvironment. Secondly, the results of flow cytometry showed that the modification of ETP could increase the ratio of cellular uptake of drug-loaded nanoparticles in tumor cells, and the way that drug-loaded nanoparticles endocytosed by tumor cells were mainly through the energy-dependent and receptor protein and fossin-mediated endocytosis pathway. The animal procedures were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of School of Pharmacy of Fudan University. Moreover, the results of pharmacokinetic experiment showed that the area under the curve (AUC0-∞) of oxaliplatin could be significantly increased by nano-formulation which was about 5 times than that of free oxaliplatin. Besides, the pharmacokinetic results also showed that the drug-loaded Fe3O4 nanoparticles constructed by covalent linkage and chelation had good overall stability in vivo. Finally, the in vivo imaging results showed that ETP modification could increase tumor accumulation of drug-loaded nanoparticles, which would be conducive to the efficacy of oxaliplatin in tumor lesions. In summary, the oxaliplatin-loaded Fe3O4 nanoparticles with the capability of reductant-responsive drug release have good drug release characteristics, blood circulation stability and tumor targeting ability, and have the potential to improve the anti-tumor therapeutic effect of oxaliplatin.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2506-2521, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929382

ABSTRACT

Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) is primarily impaired in age-related macular degeneration (AMD), leading to progressive loss of photoreceptors and sometimes choroidal neovascularization (CNV). mTOR has been proposed as a promising therapeutic target, while the usage of its specific inhibitor, rapamycin, was greatly limited. To mediate the mTOR pathway in the retina by a noninvasive approach, we developed novel biomimetic nanocomplexes where rapamycin-loaded nanoparticles were coated with cell membrane derived from macrophages (termed as MRaNPs). Taking advantage of the macrophage-inherited property, intravenous injection of MRaNPs exhibited significantly enhanced accumulation in the CNV lesions, thereby increasing the local concentration of rapamycin. Consequently, MRaNPs effectively downregulated the mTOR pathway and attenuate angiogenesis in the eye. Particularly, MRaNPs also efficiently activated autophagy in the RPE, which was acknowledged to rescue RPE in response to deleterious stimuli. Overall, we design and prepare macrophage-disguised rapamycin nanocarriers and demonstrate the therapeutic advantages of employing biomimetic cell membrane materials for treatment of AMD.

15.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 630-634, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953842

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the bacterial community diversity in Dermatophagoides farinae. Methods Laboratory-cultured D. farinae was collected, and the composition of microbial communities was determined by sequence analyses of the V4 region in the bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) gene on an Illumina PE250 high-throughput sequencing platform. Following quality control and filtering of the raw sequence files, valid reads were obtained and subjected to operational taxonomic units (OTU) clustering and analysis of the composition of microbial communities and alpha diversity index using the Usearch software, Silva database, and Mothur software. Results A total of 187 616 valid reads were obtained, and 469 OTUs were clustered based on a sequence similarity of more than 97%. OTU annotation showed that the bacteria in D. farinae belonged to 26 phyla, 43 classes, 100 orders, 167 families and 284 genera. The bacteria in D. farinae were mainly annotated to five phyla of Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Bacteroidota, Actinobacteriota, and Acidobacteriota, with Proteobacteria as the dominant phylum, and mainly annotated to five dominant genera of Ralstonia, norank-f-Mitochondria, Staphylococcus and Sphingomonas, with Wolbachia identified in the non-dominant genus. Conclusions A high diversity is identified in the composition of the bacterial community in D. farinae, and there are differences in bacterial community diversity and abundance among D. farinae.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 24-32, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940284

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of Biejiajian Wan (BJJW) on transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of HepG2 cells, and explore its mechanism against EMT of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. MethodHepG2 cells were randomly divided into a blank group, a TGF-β1 model group (10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1), a low-dose BJJW group (10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1+0.55 g·kg-1 BJJW), a medium-dose BJJW group (10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1+1.1 g·kg-1 BJJW), a high-dose BJJW group (10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1+2.2 g·kg-1 BJJW), and a sorafenib group (10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1+0.03 g·kg-1 sorafenib). The EMT model was induced by 10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1 in HepG2 cells. After treatment with corresponding medicated serum, cell counting kit -8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect cell proliferation. Cell migration ability was detected by the Transwell assay and wound healing assay. The protein expression related to EMT and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway was detected by cell immunofluorescence assay and Western blot. ResultCompared with the blank group 4 days later, the TGF-β1 model group showed fusiform and loose cells with widened gap and antennae reaching out, decreased protein expression of E-cadherin (P<0.05), and increased protein expression of N-cadherin and vimentin (P<0.05), which indicated that the EMT model was properly induced in HepG2 cells by TGF-β1 stimulation for 4 days. After 48 hours of treatment with the corresponding medicated serum, each medication group showed inhibited proliferation of HepG2 cells that had undergone EMT, especially the low- and high-dose BJJW groups (P<0.01), and the medium-dose BJJW group showed increased E-cadherin protein expression (P<0.05) and decreased p-p65, N-cadherin, and vimentin protein expression (P<0.05), as compared with the TGF-β1 model group. As revealed by the transwell assay and wound healing assay, TGF-β1 enhanced the migration ability of HepG2 cells (P<0.05, P<0.01) compared with the results in the blank group, compared with the TGF-β1 model group, the medication groups showed inhibited migration ability of HepG2 cells (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the TGF-β1 model group promoted the expression of p65 and Snail into the nucleus. Compared with the TGF-β1 model group, the medication groups inhibited the expression of p65 and Snail into the nucleus. ConclusionBJJW may inhibit the EMT, proliferation, and migration of HepG2 cells induced by TGF-β1 by suppressing the NF-κB signaling pathway to exert an anti-hepatocellular carcinoma effect.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 884-889, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939705

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the molecular polymorphisms of CD36 among 58 blood donors with CD36 deficiency and compare with CD36 positive controls.@*METHODS@#A total of 58 donors with CD36 deficiency during a screening conducted in the laboratory from September 2019 to December 2020 were enrolled as the test group, including 39 males and 19 females, while 120 platelet donors with CD36 positive were randomly selected as the controls, including 76 males and 44 females. All of the subjects were Han nationality. The PCR-SBT method was used to detect coding region of CD36 gene, and molecular mutations were compared with those CD36 positive controls.@*RESULTS@#Among the 58 donors with CD36 deficiency, mutations appears in 32 individuals. The detection rate for type I was 71.43% (5/7), and type II was 51.92% (27/52), while among the 120 controls, mutations appears in 12 donors (10%). In the CD36 antigen-deficient donors, 16 variations were found, in which 329-330 del AC with the highest frequency accounted for 20.69%, followed by 1228-1239 del ATTGTGCCTATT(15.52%) and 1156 C>T(10.34%). Two variations, 198-205 del GATCTTTG and 220 C>T, led to premature termination of translation; four mutations, 329-330 del AC, 560 ins T, 1011-1049 39bp dupl and 1343-1344 ins TCTT, caused translation frame shift; 1228-1239 del ATTGTGCCTATT led to deletion of four amino acids (Ile-Val-Pro-Ile) at sites 410-413 of the peptide chain. The 1140 T>A and 1275 G>A were synonymous mutations, and the other 7 mutations resulted in the substitution of single nucleotide. The platelet expression in the donors of CD36 positive with 329-330 del AC or 1228-1239 del ATTGTGCCTATT mutation (heterozygote) was lower than those CD36 positive individuals without mutations (homozygote).@*CONCLUSION@#Multiple gene mutations in the CD36 coding region may cause CD36 deficiency, and the heterozygous individuals with mutations may lead to CD36 antigen reduction or deletion. Mutation is not detected in 44.83% of CD36 deficient individuals, there may be some other reasons for the CD36 antigen deficiency.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Blood Donors , Blood Platelet Disorders/metabolism , Blood Platelets/metabolism , CD36 Antigens/metabolism , Genetic Diseases, Inborn
18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 258-264, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928305

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#According to 73 patients with middle clavicle fracture treated conservatively, a new classification of middle clavicle fracture was proposed, and the clinical effect of plastic splint in the treatment of middle clavicle fracture was observed.@*METHODS@#Total 73 patients with middle clavicle fracture treated with plastic splint from September 2018 to August 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients were divided into 4 types according to the degree of fracture displacement. There were 16 cases of typeⅠ, including 7 males and 9 females, ranging in age from 18 to 37 years old, with a mean of (28.6±7.8) years old;12 cases of mild disease, 3 cases of moderate disease and 1 case of severe disease. There were 16 cases of type Ⅱ, including 6 males and 10 females, ranging in age from 25 to 49 years old, with a mean of (37.3±9.4) years old;5 cases of mild disease, 8 cases of moderate disease and 3 cases of severe disease. There were 7 cases of type Ⅲ, including 4 males and 3 females, ranging in age from 33 to 57 years old;2 cases of mild disease, 3 cases of moderate disease and 2 cases of severe disease. There were 34 cases of type Ⅳ, including 16 males and 18 females, ranging in age from 48 to 82 years old, with a mean of(66.4±14.9) years old;7 cases of mild disease, 17 cases of moderate disease and 10 cases of severe disease. All patients received plastic splint external fixation for 4 weeks. Visual analgue scale (VAS) and Constant-Murley shoulder scores before treatment and 1, 3 and 9 months after treatment were observed and recorded to evaluate the change of pain degree and shoulder function recovery before and after treatment. The patients' satisfaction with the appearance after treatment was recorded at the latest follow-up. The X-ray findings at the latest follow-up were used to judge whether the patient had fracture nonunion. And according to the fracture healing time and imaging findings, the excellent and good rate of clinical curative effect in patients with different types was obtained.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 9 to 11 months, with a mean of (9.8±0.7) months. The VAS scores of typeⅠ, typeⅡand type Ⅳ before treatment were 2.88±0.83, 3.67±0.80 and 6.92±1.71 respectively, which were decreased to 0.54±0.19, 0.77±0.25 and 1.18±0.17 respectively after 9 months of treatment. The Constant-Murley shoulder scores of typeⅠ, typeⅡand type Ⅳ were 65.81±2.09, 63.50±2.22 and 47.93±2.91 respectively before treatment, and increased to 88.56±2.11, 85.12±2.23 and 71.25±2.16 respectively after 9 months of treatment. Five patients were not satisfied with the appearance after treatment;6 patients had no obvious continuous callus passing through after 9 months of treatment, which was fracture nonunion.@*CONCLUSION@#The classification of middle clavicle fracture is more appropriate to the clinic, which has a certain clinical guiding significance for the selection of treatment methods and prognosis of middle clavicle fracture. Plastic splint is effective in the treatment of middle clavicle fracture without obvious displacement and overlapping displacement, and the incidence of complications is low. It can be popularized in clinic.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Plates , Clavicle/diagnostic imaging , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Plastics , Retrospective Studies , Splints
19.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 127-134, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888250

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify new genes that correlate with prognosis of clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC)

20.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 916-920, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912193

ABSTRACT

Data of 7 patients with complex benign esophageal strictures (CBESs) who underwent endoscopic longitudinal incision combined with local injection of bleomycin were retrospectively reviewed at Air Force Medical Center from August 2018 to November 2019.The length of preoperative esophageal stenosis was 4-14 cm and the minimum diameter of esophageal stenosis was 0.2-0.4 cm in 7 cases. The procedure was successful for all 7 patients.No adverse events occurred during 5-14 months of follow-up period.Restenosis and dysphagia occurred in 5 cases.The interval between the first endoscopic treatment and the recurrence of esophageal stenosis was 30-120 days.Among the 5 cases of recurrence, 4 cases remained unobstructed after 2 treatments and 1 case remained unobstructed after 4 treatments. The dysphagia scores of 7 patients were graded from 0 to 1 by the end of follow-up. Endoscopic longitudinal incision combined with bleomycin therapy in treatment of CBESs is safe and effective.

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