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1.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 239-257, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929163

ABSTRACT

Studies on diabetes have long been hampered by a lack of authentic disease models that, ideally, should be unlimited and able to recapitulate the abnormalities involved in the development, structure, and function of human pancreatic islets under pathological conditions. Stem cell-based islet organoids faithfully recapitulate islet development in vitro and provide large amounts of three-dimensional functional islet biomimetic materials with a morphological structure and cellular composition similar to those of native islets. Thus, islet organoids hold great promise for modeling islet development and function, deciphering the mechanisms underlying the onset of diabetes, providing an in vitro human organ model for infection of viruses such as SARS-CoV-2, and contributing to drug screening and autologous islet transplantation. However, the currently established islet organoids are generally immature compared with native islets, and further efforts should be made to improve the heterogeneity and functionality of islet organoids, making it an authentic and informative disease model for diabetes. Here, we review the advances and challenges in the generation of islet organoids, focusing on human pluripotent stem cell-derived islet organoids, and the potential applications of islet organoids as disease models and regenerative therapies for diabetes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Humans , Islets of Langerhans , Organoids , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936101

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the functional outcomes and postoperative complications of Cheng's GIRAFFE reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy. Methods: A descriptive case series study was conducted. Clinical data of 100 patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction who underwent Cheng's GIRAFFE reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy in Cancer Hospital of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (64 cases), Zhejiang Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine (24 cases), Lishui Central Hospital (10 cases), Huzhou Central Hospital (1 case) and Ningbo Lihuili Hospital (1 case) from September 2017 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Of 100 patients, 64 were males and 36 were females; the mean age was (61.3 ± 11.1) years and the BMI was (22.7±11.1) kg/m(2). For TNM stage, 68 patients were stage IA, 24 were stage IIA and 8 were stage IIB. Postoperative functional results and postoperative complications of radical gastrectomy with Giraffe reconstruction were analyzed and summarized. Gastroesophageal reflux disease questionnaire (RDQ) score and postoperative endoscopy were used to evaluate the occurrence of reflux esophagitis and its grade (grade N, grade A, grade B, grade C, and grade D from mild to severe reflux). The continuous data conforming to normal distribution were expressed as (mean ± standard deviation), and those with skewed distribution were presented as median (Q1, Q3). Results: All the 100 patients successfully completed R0 resection, including 77 patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery and 23 patients undergoing laparotomy. The Giraffe anastomosis time was (38.6±14.0) min; the blood loss was (73.0±18.4) ml; the postoperative hospital stay was 9.5 (8.2, 13.0) d; the hospitalization cost was (6.0±0.3) ten thousand yuan. Fourteen cases developed perioperative complications (14.0%), including 7 cases of pleural effusion or pneumonia, 3 cases of anastomotic leakage, 2 cases of gastric emptying disorder, 1 case of gastrointestinal hemorrhage and 1 case of anastomotic stenosis, who were all improved and discharged after symptomatic management. Patients were followed up for (33.3±1.6) months. Eight patients were found to have reflux symptoms by RDQ scale six months after surgery, and 11 patients (11/100,11.0%) were found to have reflux esophagitis by gastroscopy, including 6 in grade A, 3 in grade B, and 2 in grade C. All the patients could control their reflux symptoms with behavioral guidance or oral PPIs. Conclusion: Cheng's GIRAFFE reconstruction has good anti-reflux efficacy and gastric emptying function; it can be one of the choices of reconstruction methods after proximal gastrectomy.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Aged , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagitis, Peptic/etiology , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Female , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastroesophageal Reflux/etiology , Humans , Laparoscopy , Male , Middle Aged , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933979

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any therapeutic effect of repeated transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on rats modeling neuropathic pain and explore possible mechanisms.Methods:Forty adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a normal group ( n=10), a sham operation group ( n=10), a treatment group ( n=10) and a sham treatment group ( n=10). A model of chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve was established in the latter two groups. Fourteen days after the modeling, the treatment group was given tDCS for 8 consecutive days, while the sham treatment group received sham stimulation, and the other 2 groups did not receive any intervention. Von Frey and hotplate tests were used to test the rats′ pain thresholds 1 day before, as well as 14 and 22 days after the surgery (i.e., 8 days after the end of the treatment). Spinal cord tissue samples were taken to detect the protein expressions of N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor 2B, gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor types A (GABA a-R) and B (GABA b-R) using western blotting. Results:On the 14th day after the operation the average 50% MWT and WTL values of the sham treatment and treatment groups had decreased significantly compared with the sham operation group. By the 22nd day the average 50% MWT and WTL values of the treatment group were significantly higher than those of the sham treatment group, but there was no significant change in the treatment group′s average WTL between the 21st and 22nd days. On the 22nd day after the operation the average NR2B-NMDA-R level of the sham treatment group were significantly higher than that of the sham operation group, while the average GABA a-R and GABA b-R levels were significantly lower. At the same time point the treatment group′s average NR2B-NMDA-R level had decreased significantly compared to the sham treatment group, while the average GABA a-R level had increased significantly. There was no significant difference in average GABA b-R level between the treatment group and the sham treatment group at that point. On the 22nd day there was also no significant difference in the average NR2B-NMDA-R level between the treatment group and the sham operation group. Conclusions:Repeated tDCS can effectively relieve neuropathic pain. The relief of hyperalgesia is more significant than that of mechanical allodynia. A possible mechanism may be the down-regulation of spinal NR2B-NMDA-R to normal levels and modest up-regulation of GABA a-R.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 362-367, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933233

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation of intratumoral fibrosis with the prognosis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).Methods:The correlation of the transcriptional expression of the primary collagen with the prognosis in ccRCC was evaluated using the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, including 530 ccRCC patients with complete information. Of them, 344 cases were male, 186 cases were female. The age of 264 cases was ≤ 60 years, and the age of 266 cases was > 60 years. The pathology grade of 241 patients was G 1-2 grade, and the pathology of 281 cases were G 3-4 grade, 8 cases were undetermined grade. There were 322 cases with AJCC stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ and 205 cases with AJCC stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, and 3 cases with undetermined stage. There were 420 cases in M 0 and 78 cases in M 1, and 32 cases without distant metastases information. Furthermore, the paraffin sections of 158 non-cystic ccRCC patients confirmed by pathology from November 2005 to November 2017 were further used to evaluate the level of collagen of ccRCC and the status of the pseudocapsule by the Masson staining, Sirius red staining and multicolor immunofluorescence staining of collagen Ⅰ and collagen Ⅲ. Of them, 112 cases were male, 46 cases were female. There were 100 cases with age ≤ 60 years, and 58 cases with age > 60 years. The pathology grade of 111 cases were G 1-2, and the pathology grade of 47 cases were G 3-4. There were 144 cases with AJCC stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ, 14 cases with AJCC stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ. Kaplan-Meier survival curve were used to analyze the relationship between tumor collagen parameters and the overall survival prognosis of patients with ccRCC. Results:The transcriptome results of the TCGA database indicated that the expression level of COL1A1 in ccRCC tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent normal tissues ( P<0.001). The high expression of collagen suggested a worse overall survival prognosis ( HR=1.165, P=0.002). In addition, the high ratio of COL1A1/COL3A1 indicated a worse overall survival prognosis ( HR=1.901, P<0.001) compared with the low ratio. We further confirmed that the abundance of collagen in tumor was significantly increased compared with the normal adjacent tissues by the Masson staining [41.0 (14.0-75.0) vs.15.0 (3.0-57.0), P<0.001] and the Sirius red staining [42.5 (10.0-90.0) vs.10.0 (2.5-60.0), P<0.001] on 30 ccRCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues. Based on the Masson staining, we found that high collagen abundance in tumor tissue was associated with more G 3-4 grade of tumor compared with low collagen abundance (38.5% vs.21.3%, OR=2.316, 95% CI 1.146-4.681, P=0.023). Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that higher collagen abundance was associated with a worse overall survival prognosis in ccRCC ( HR=2.630, P=0.007). However, incomplete fibrous pseudocapsule was associated with a worse overall survival prognosis ( HR=11.140, P<0.001). Conclusions:In ccRCC, intratumoral collagen fiber level was overexpressed. High intratumoral collagen level and incomplete fibrous pseudocapsule may indicate a poor overall survival prognosis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 350-354, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933231

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the association between warm ischemia time (WIT) and renal function in patients undergoing laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.Methods:A total of 344 patients treated with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in Peking University People’s Hospital were included. There were 240 males (69.8%) and 104 females (30.2%) with a median age of 57 (23-89) years.The median BMI was 25.6 (16.7-36.0) kg/m 2.213 cases (61.9%) were associated with hypertension.There were 66 (19.2%) patients with diabetes mellitus. There were 92 cases (26.7%) with smoking history. The median preoperative creatinine was 73 (32-170) μmol/L. The median preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 95 (33-142) ml/(min·1.73m 2). The maximum diameter of the tumor was 2.5 (7-9) cm.314 (91.3%) patients with renal cancer stage T 1. All patients underwent warm ischemia during the operation. The patients were divided into three groups for analysis. Restricted cubic spline regression analysis was used to assess the association between WIT as a continuous variable and percentage change of eGFR. Analysis of covariance was used to compare postoperative eGFR among the three groups, and to adjust for preoperative eGFR and tumor diameter. Results:There were statistically significant differences in the percentage change of postoperative eGFR ( P=0.009) and tumor diameter ( P<0.001) among the three groups. Restricted cubic spline regression analysis showed that with the prolongation of WIT, the percentage change of postoperative eGFR gradually decreased, and the curve began to stabilize after 30 minutes (R 2=0.044, P=0.015). The results of covariance analysis showed that after adjusting for baseline preoperative eGFR and tumor size, the effect of WIT on postoperative eGFR was significantly different among the three groups ( F=3.864, P=0.022). The postoperative eGFR in the WIT<20 min group was significantly higher than that in 20 min≤WIT<30 min group( P=0.009) and WIT≥30 min group( P=0.017). There was no significant difference in postoperative eGFR between the two groups with longer WIT( P=0.806). Conclusions:In partial nephrectomy, patients with WIT less than 20 minutes had higher postoperative eGFR levels than those with WIT greater than 20 minutes. However, when WIT exceeded 20 minutes, prolonged ischemia time did not lead to further decline in renal function.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 455-462, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932854

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the long-term outcomes of posterior release, reduction, fixation, and fusion for irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD).Methods:Between January 2005 and June 2016, a total of 31 patients with irreducible AAD who had received posterior approach surgery were included. Among them, there were 13 males and 18 females, the average age was 39.1±13.5 years (range 9-72 years). The clinical data of the eligible individuals were collected and analyzed. Neck disability index (NDI) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores were recorded to evaluate the recovery of neck and neurological functions. The atlantodental interval (ADI), clivus-canal angle (CCA), and cervico-medullary angle (CMA) were measured to evaluate the reduction of AAD. C 0-C 2 angle and C 2-C 7 angle were measured to evaluate the recovery of cervical alignment. For individuals with basilar invagination, the distances from the tip of odontoid process to Chamberlain line and Wackenheim line were measured to assess the reduction in the vertical direction. The duration of bony fusion and complications were also analyzed. Results:The mean follow-up period was 82.7±26.4 months (range 61-170 months). In terms of functional scores, the NDI dropped from 43.41%±11.60% before surgery to 12.19%±6.97% at the six months follow-up, and 9.45%±7.51% at the last follow-up ( F=89.56, P<0.001). The JOA increased from 9.48±2.41 points before surgery to 14.71±1.42 points at the six months follow-up, and 14.97±1.47 points at the last follow-up ( F=52.89, P<0.001). Regarding the horizontal and vertical dislocations, the ADI decreased from 9.16±2.32 mm before surgery to 1.39±1.04 mm at the six months follow-up, and 1.29±1.08 mm at the last follow-up ( F=189.61, P<0.001). The distance from the tip of odontoid process to Chamberlain line decreased from 11.15±4.35 mm before surgery to 2.03±2.83 mm at the six months follow-up, and 2.15±3.02 mm at the last follow-up ( F=37.58, P<0.001). The distance from the tip of odontoid process to Wackenheim line reduced from 6.81±2.57 mm before surgery to -2.23±1.58 mm at the six months follow-up, and -2.27±1.58 mm at the last follow-up ( F=122.16, P<0.001). For the amelioration of the compression on medulla and spinal cord, the CCA increased from 113.68°±12.67° before surgery to 143.39°±7.38° at the six months follow-up, and 142.39°±7.13° at the last follow-up ( F=67.13, P<0.001). The CMA increased from 115.71°±13.69° before operation to 145.58°±10.78° at the last follow-up ( F=41.44, P<0.001). Regarding the curvature of the cervical spine, the C 0-C 2 angle recovered from 1.94°±15.82° before surgery to 14.84°±6.45° at the last follow-up ( F=11.97, P<0.001), and the C 2-C 7 angle ameliorated from 27.26°±8.49° before operation to 19.26°±5.44° at the last follow-up ( F=11.13, P<0.001). Bony fusion was achieved in all cases, the fusion time was 9.71±2.55 months (range 5-15 months). A total of five complications occurred in the cases (two cerebrospinal fluid leakages, one deep infection, one transient neurologic deficit, and one dysphagia). They were all cured with corresponding treatments. In the last follow-up, none of the cases developed failure of internal fixation or re-dislocation. Conclusion:Posterior approach release, reduction, fixation and fusion technique is a safe and efficient surgical strategy with favorable long-term follow-up outcomes for irreducible AAD.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930989

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of early essential newborn care (EENC) on breastfeeding and health outcomes of infants within 3 months of age.Methods:From September 2017 to September 2018, a prospective non-randomized controlled experimental study were carried out in 8 Women & Children's Hospital in Sichuan Province, including 1 municipal hospital and 3 county (district) hospitals as the intervention group and the other 1 municipal hospital and 3 county (district) hospitals as the control group. The intervention group received EENC and the control group received routine newborn care. Clinical data were collected after delivery and at the age of 1- and 3-month, including breastfeeding method, umbilical cord separation time, pneumonia, sepsis and diarrhea. Health outcome of the two groups were compared. The data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0.Results:There are 91.1% (278/305) of the newborns in the intervention group completed their first breastfeeding before their first mother-baby skin contact, compared with 33.3% (36/108) in the control group ( P<0.001). Exclusive breastfeeding rate before discharge in the intervention group was higher than the control group [(74.5% (228/306) vs. 55.0% (177/322), P<0.001]. The incidences of re-hospitalization and referred to other hospitals due to illness was lower in intervention group than the control group within 1 month of age [7.0% (19/272) vs. 13.3% (37/278), P=0.014]; Umbilical cord separation time in the intervention group was earlier than the control group [(8.3±2.9) d vs. (10.5±3.3) d, P<0.001]; No significant differences existed in the incidences of umbilical cord infection, pneumonia and diarrhea between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incidence of diarrhea in intervention group was higher than that the control group at 3 months of age ( P<0.05); No significant differences existed in the incidences of pneumonia and re-hospitalization and referred to other hospitals due to illness between the two groups ( P>0.05). There was no sepsis case in the two groups. Conclusions:EENC may improve exclusive breastfeeding rate before discharge, reduce the incidences of referral/hospitalization within 1 month and shorten the umbilical cord separation time without causing more infections.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of circular RNA circOMA1 in children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to investigate the effect and mechanism of circOMA1 on the cell proliferation and apoptosis of human acute monocytic leukemia cells (THP-1).Methods:Bone marrow samples of 14 children with AML at the initial diagnosis and after complete remission were collected as the initial diagnosis group and remission group, and bone marrow samples from 10 children without tumor or malignant blood disease in the same hospital and the same period were enrolled as the control group.Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to detect the expression of circOMA1, miR-145 and myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (MYC) mRNA in clinical AML samples and THP-1 cell line.The cells transfected with THP-1 were divided into groups, the cells transfected with circOMA1 alone (circOMA1 high expression group) were transfected with pcDNA3.1 empty vector cells as control (pcDNA3.1 control group); the cells co transfected with circOMA1 and miR-145 (circOMA1+ miR-145 group) were treated with pcDNA3.1 and miR-NC co transfected cells were used as control (pcDNA3.1+ miR-NC group, circOMA1+ miR-NC group). Cell counting kit (CCK8) was adopted to detect the effects of circOMA1 and miR-145 on the cell proliferation of THP-1.The effects of circOMA1 and miR-145 on cell apoptosis of THP-1 were detected using flow cytometry, and the effects of circOMA1 and miR-145 on MYC protein expression was detected via Western blot.The comparison between groups was analyzed by independent sample t-test or paired sample t-test, and the correlation was analyzed by Pearson correlation. Results:The expression of circOMA1 in the initial diagnosis group(4.408±3.607) was significantly increased compared with that in the control group (0.998±0.560) ( t=2.946, P<0.01); the expression of circOMA1 in remission group(1.582±0.950) was significantly decreased compared with that in the initial diagnosis group( t= 3.628, P<0.01). The THP-1 cell experiments showed that compared to the pcDNA3.1 control group, the expression of miR-145 in the circOMA1 high expression group decreased ( t= 4.21, P<0.05), cell proliferation was enhanced at 72 h and 96 h ( t=5.46, 7.40, all P<0.05), apoptosis was inhibited( t=6.44, P<0.01). The expression of MYC protein in circOMA1+ miR-NC group was higher than that of pcDNA3.1+ miR-NC group( t=5.72, P<0.01), the expression of MYC protein in circOMA1+ miR-145 group was lower than that in circOMA1+ miR-NC group ( t=4.56, P<0.05); at 72 h and 96 h, the cell proliferation level of circOMA1+ miR-NC group was higher than that of pcDNA3.1+ miR-NC group ( t=5.77, 7.30, all P<0.05), the level of cell proliferation in circOMA1+ miR-145 group was lower than that in circOMA1+ miR-NC group ( t=4.66, 6.17, all P<0.05); the apoptosis rate of circOMA1+ miR-145 group was higher than that of circOMA1+ miR-NC group ( t=4.25, P<0.05). circOMA1 expression was negatively correlated with miR-145 expression ( r=-0.62, P=0.016) and positively correlated with MYC gene expression ( r=0.64, P=0.013) in clinical samples. Conclusions:circOMA1 is highly expressed in children with AML, and can promote AML cell proliferation and inhibit apoptosis through miR-145/MYC pathway, which provides a basis for AML therapy and diagnosis.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 597-601, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920731

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To s tudy the improvement effects of sinapic acid on Aβ42-induced injury of PC 12 cells and the mechanism. METHODS PC12 cells were divided into five groups :control group ,model group ,sinapic acid group ,phosphoinositide- 3-kinase(PI3K)inhibitor group and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)inhibitor group. Each inhibitor group was added with LY 294002 and U 0126(10 μmol/L)for 1 h;except for control group ,other four groups were treated with 2 μmol/L Aβ42 for 24 h to replicate the Alzheimer ’s disease cell model ;except for control group and model group ,other three groups were added with 100 μmol/L sinapic acid respectively. After 24 hours of continuous culture ,survival rate of PC 12 cells was detected and the morphology of PC 12 cells was observed. The content of Aβ42,mRNA expression of cAMP response element binding protein (CREB),protein expression of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP),protein kinase A (PKA),CREB signaling pathway and phosphorylated CREB (p-CREB)were detected. RESULTS After treated with sinapic acid ,the survival rate of PC 12 cells,mRNA expression of CREB and protein expressions of cAMP ,PKA and p-CREB were increased significantly (P<0.05),while the content of Aβ42 was decreased significantly (P<0.05);cell morphology was significantly improved and synapses increased. After intervened with PI 3K and ERK inhibitors ,the survival rate of PC 12 cells,above mRNA and protein expressions were reversed significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01);cell morphology was irregular ,the fragments increased ,and the synaptic connections decreased. CONCLUSIONS Sinapic acid can improve the survival rate of PC 12 cells injured by A β 42,improve cell (No.2021-KYYWF-0349) morphology and decrease the content of Aβ42,the mechanism of which may be associated with promoting the gene transcription of CREB , and activating cAMP/PKA/CREB signaling pathway.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927880

ABSTRACT

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a common lethal urological cancer,the distant metastasis of which is the leading cause of death.Although targeted agents have remarkably improved the overall prognosis of RCC patients,nearly all the patients eventually acquire therapeutic resistance.With the advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors,immunotherapy based on tumor microenvironment (TME) has shown a broad scope in clinical application.The deepening understanding of TME leads to the changes of therapeutic strategies for advanced RCC,and the combination of targeted therapy and immunotherapy is exhibiting a promising prospect.Herein,we reviewed the TME characteristics,candidate predictive biomarkers,and possible targets for future development of drugs against RCC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Renal Cell/therapy , Female , Humans , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors , Immunotherapy , Kidney Neoplasms/therapy , Male , Tumor Microenvironment
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927656

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to examine the sleep arrangements and soothing methods and to assess their associations with sleep problems among children aged < 3 years in China.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2019 from six provinces in China. A total of 1,195 caregivers of children aged 0-35 months were included in the study. Data on sleep arrangements, soothing methods, and sleep problems (i.e., frequent night awakenings and difficulty falling asleep) were assessed using the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire. The reasons for bed-sharing in sleep arrangements were recorded using a self-designed questionnaire.@*Results@#The bed-sharing practice was very prevalent at any age, which ranged from 69.9% to 78.3%. Most infants fell asleep while feeding or being rocked/held before age 12 months. By age 35 months, 62.4% of the children fell asleep in bed near parents. The most common reasons for bed-sharing were breastfeeding/feeding and convenience. Parental involvement when falling asleep was significantly related with frequent night awakenings and difficulty falling asleep. No association was found between bed-sharing and sleep.@*Conclusion@#Bed-sharing and parental involvement were very common among Chinese children aged < 3 years. Children who fall asleep with parental involvement were more likely to have sleep problems.


Subject(s)
Asians , Beds , Child, Preschool , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant Behavior , Infant, Newborn , Male , Sleep/physiology , Sleep Hygiene , Sleep Wake Disorders , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927628

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aims to investigate the association of metabolic phenotypes that are jointly determined by body mass index (BMI) or fat mass percentage and metabolic health status with the ten-year risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among Chinese adults.@*METHODS@#Data were obtained from a cross-sectional study. BMI and body fat mass percentage (FMP) combined with the metabolic status were used to define metabolic phenotypes. Multiple linear regression and logistic regression were used to examine the effects of metabolic phenotypes on CVD risk.@*RESULTS@#A total of 13,239 adults aged 34-75 years were included in this study. Compared with the metabolically healthy non-obese (MHNO) phenotype, the metabolically unhealthy non-obese (MUNO) and metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) phenotypes defined by BMI showed a higher CVD risk [odds ratio, OR (95% confidence interval, CI): 2.34 (1.89-2.89), 3.45 (2.50-4.75), respectively], after adjusting for the covariates. The MUNO and MUO phenotypes defined by FMP showed a higher CVD risk [ OR (95% CI): 2.31 (1.85-2.88), 2.63 (1.98-3.48), respectively] than the MHNO phenotype. The metabolically healthy obese phenotype, regardless of being defined by BMI or FMP, showed no CVD risk compared with the MHNO phenotype.@*CONCLUSION@#General obesity without central obesity does not increase CVD risk in metabolically healthy individuals. FMP might be a more meaningful factor for the evaluation of the association of obesity with CVD risk. Obesity and metabolic status have a synergistic effect on CVD risk.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue/anatomy & histology , Adult , Aged , Body Mass Index , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Metabolic Diseases/etiology , Middle Aged , Obesity/complications , Phenotype , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884690

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy and surgical indications of Y type osteotomy in the treatment of post-tuberculous thoracolumbar severe angular kyphosis.Methods:From March 2012 to June 2018, 36 patients with post-tuberculous thoracolumbar severe angular kyphosis were treated with Y type osteotomy, including 22 males and 14 females, aged 23.6±5.7 years (range, 7-57 years). The parietal vertebrae of kyphosis were located in the upper thoracic vertebra in 3 cases, the thoracic vertebra in 11 cases, the thoracolumbar segment in 17 cases, and the lumbar vertebra in 5 cases. The Cobb angle of kyphosis before the operation was 92.8°±23.3° (range, 60°-147°). The visual analogue scale (VAS), American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) neurological function grade, and Kirkaldy-Willis function score were used to evaluate the clinical effect. The imaging evaluation indexes were interbody kyphosis angle and spinal bone fusion.Results:The operation was successful in all the 36 patients. The operation time was 210 ±25.9 min (range, 180-270 min), the intraoperative blood loss was 520 ±110 ml (range, 400-800 ml), and the postoperative follow-up time was 26.38±1.75 months (range, 22-30 months). The postoperative kyphosis Cobb angle was corrected to 16.5°±7.7° (range, 5°-35°), which was significantly improved compared with that before operation( t=25.438, P<0.01), and the correction rate was 82.2%. At the last follow-up, the kyphosis angle was 16.5°±7.1° (range, 6°-32°), which was not significantly different from that after the operation. The preoperative VAS score was 7.3±1.8 (range, 3-9), and the postoperative VAS score was 2.4±0.8 (range, 1-3), while the improvement rate was 67.1%. At the last follow-up, it was 1.1±0.6 (range, 0-2), and the improvement rate was 85.0%. According to the Kirkaldy-Willis functional score, the results were excellent in 25 cases, good in 8 cases, and fair in 3 cases at the last follow-up, with an excellent and good rate of 91.7%. Before the operation, 9 cases were accompanied by neurological dysfunction (ASIA grade: grade C in 2 cases, grade D in 7 cases). At the last follow-up, all the 9 patients recovered to grade E. During the operation, the electrophysiological nerve monitoring was abnormal in 2 patients, and the awakening test was negative in 1 case. In another patient, neuroelectrophysiological monitoring after posterior column osteotomy showed a decrease in bilateral sensory and motor function. There was no compression around the spinal cord in the osteotomy area, so the operating bed was gradually folded and partially restored to kyphosis and temporarily fixed with double rods. Neuroelectrophysiological monitoring suggested the recovery of nerve function. The awakening test showed that the nerve function of both lower limbs recovered close to the preoperative state, and further osteotomy and internal fixation was performed 2 weeks later. The nerve function of both lower limbs returned to normal after 3 months. After the operation, one patient's muscle strength of the lower limbs decreased from grade 5 to grade 3, and the sensory function was normal. After symptomatic support treatment such as neurotrophic drugs, it returned to normal 2 weeks later. 1 case developed delayed neurological dysfunction 1 year after the operation. Neurotrophic drugs and rehabilitation treatment improved it. The sinus of the incision was formed in one case 3 months after the operation and healed after debridement and suture. Conclusion:Y typeosteotomyis a safe and effective method for patients with post-tuberculous thoracolumbar severe angular kyphosis. Compared with traditional osteotomy, anterior support bone grafting can be avoided, and spinal shortening can be reduced.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879103

ABSTRACT

Dendrobium huoshanense is a precious medicinal plant belonging to Dendrobium of Orchidaceae. It is a special medicinal material and extremely scarce in Huoshan county, Anhui province. At present, D. huoshanense has been greatly protected, which also makes it possible to industrialize relying on tissue culture and artificial cultivation technology. Three main planting methods were utilized for cultivating D. huoshanense including facility cultivation, under forest cultivation and simulative habitat cultivation. Firstly, the three cultivation modes and technical characteristics of D. huoshanense were compared and analyzed, and it was found that the ecological environment of D. huoshanense cultivated in the simulated environment was closer to that of wild D. huoshanense. Secondly, based on comparing the characters and quality of three cultivation modes, the results showed that the shape of D. huoshanense cultivated in simulated environment was more similar to that of "grasshopper thigh" recorded in Bencao Jing Jizhu, and its quality was better than that of facilities and under forest cultivation. The comprehensive benefit comparison of three modes showed that the simulated cultivation had high income, the lowest input-output ratio and significant economic benefit. The quality of cultivated D. huoshanense was further evaluated from four aspects of "excellent environment" "excellent shape" "high quality" "excellent effect", which summarized the comprehensive advantages of simulative habitat cultivation of D. huoshanense as follows: the original habitat and site environment of simulated wild D. huoshanense, the closer shape to the wild, the more content of main medicinal components, and higher economic benefit and better efficacy. The quality of D. huoshanense was improved by the use of simulative habitat cultivation, which has practical significance to guide its large-scale cultivation.


Subject(s)
Dendrobium , Ecosystem , Forests , Plants, Medicinal
15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1459-1466, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910736

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the application and clinical efficacy of one-stage unilateral or bilateral fenestration, debridement, interbody fusion combined with posterior internal fixation for the treatment of lumbosacral brucellosis spondylitis.Methods:All patients with lumbosacral brucellosis spondylitis were retrospectively analyzed, who underwent fenestration, debridement, interbody fusion combined with posterior internal fixation from June 2013 to June 2019. A total of 48 patients were enrolled in this study. According to the surgical method, they were divided into two groups. Unilateral fenestration group: 27 cases of one-stage posterior unilateral fenestration, debridement, interbody fusion combined with posterior internal fixation were performed, 21 males and 6 females, aged 23-71 years; Bilateral fenestration group: 21 cases of one-stage posterior bilateral fenestration, debridement, interbody fusion combined with posterior internal fixation were performed, aged 26-58 years. There were 16 males and 5 females. The preoperative and postoperative clinical symptoms, neurological function, C-reactive protein, the surgery duration time, the blood loss, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were observed. The internal fixation device was evaluated for looseness or fracture by imaging examination. The Bridwell classification criteria were used to evaluate the bone graft fusion. Postoperative complications were also assessed.Results:All patients completed the operation successfully, and the diseased tissues were sent for pathological examination during the operation, and all of them were diagnosed as brucellosis. All patients were followed up for 12-48 months (mean 23.7 ±6.3 months). C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association Scores (JOA) were significantly improved in both groups at different time points after operation. There was no significant difference in the general condition before operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The mean operation time and mean blood loss were 120.5±34.1 min and 214.4±150.2 ml, in the unilateral fenestration group; 187.1±30.3 min and 455.8±250.5 ml in the bilateral fenestration group; and the difference was significant ( t=8.123, t=2.962, P<0.05) . The postoperative lumbar and leg pain were significantly relieved. There was no significant difference in C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, VAS, ODI and JOA scores between the two groups at the same time point. In the bilateral fenestration group, one patient developed incision infection half a month after the operation, who underwent debridement and drainage, and finally cured. There was no significant difference in the time of bone graft fusion between the two groups ( t=0.542, P>0.05). At the last follow-up, all the patients were completely fused. Conclusion:Unilateral or bilateral fenestration, debridement and bone graft fusion and internal fixation for the treatment of lumbosacral brucellosis spondylitis can achieve good clinical results, and the former has the advantages of short operation time and low cost.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 892-902, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910671

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of the correction rate of the proximal thoracic curve and main thoracic curve on postoperative shoulder balance in patients with Lenke1 type idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).Methods:Data of 50 patients with AIS who received posterior spinal deformity correction surgery from January 2013 to January 2020 and were followed up for more than 6 months were retrospectively analyzed, including 12 males and 38 females. The median age was 15 years (14,16) years (range 13 to 18 years). According to the clavicle angle (CA) absolute value >2° and 2.5° and 3° for shoulder imbalances standard, the patients were divided into the postoperative shoulder balance group and shoulder imbalance group. Main thoracic curve Cobb angle, proximal thoracic curve Cobb angle and clavicle angle (CA) were measured preoperative, postoperative and at the last follow-up, and the flexibility of proximal thoracic curve, the flexibility of main thoracic curve, correction rate of proximal thoracic curve, correction rate of the main thoracic curve and other indicators were calculated. Univariate analysis was conducted on the shoulder balance group's related indicators and the shoulder imbalance group, and correlation analysis was conducted with the postoperative shoulder balance and the last follow-up shoulder balance. Multivariate binary logistic regression was performed on statistically significant univariate factors to determine independent risk factors for postoperative shoulder imbalance and the last follow-up shoulder imbalance.Results:The median follow-up time of 50 patients was 18 months (11, 24) months (range 6-36 months). According to the three criteria of shoulder balance, the postoperative correction rate of the proximal thoracic curve in the shoulder imbalance group was significantly lower than that in the shoulder balance group. Under the standard of shoulder imbalance with CA absolute value >2° and 2.5°, there were significant differences in the postoperative correction rate of the main thoracic curve, and the postoperative correction rate of the main thoracic curve in the shoulder balance group was higher than that in the shoulder imbalance group. No matter which shoulder imbalance criteria were used, the postoperative correction rate of the proximal thoracic curve, the correction rate of the main thoracic curve, and the ratio of the correction rate of the main thoracic curve to the proximal thoracic curve was found to be correlated with the postoperative shoulder balance. Only in the group of CA absolute >3°, no correlation was found between the postoperative correction rate of the main thoracic curve and postoperative shoulder balance. The correlation between the correction rate of the proximal thoracic curve and shoulder balance was more significant in the three groups ( P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that the postoperative correction rate of the proximal thoracic curve was an independent protective factor of postoperative shoulder balance ( P<0.05). A better postoperative shoulder balance can be obtained when the main thoracic curve/proximal thoracic curve correction rate was less than 1.5. However, at the last follow-up, no correlation was found between the correction rate and shoulder balance in all three groups. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative CA was a risk factor for the last follow-up shoulder imbalance. Conclusion:IIn patients with Lenke1 type AIS, the correction rate of the proximal thoracic curve, the correction rate of the main thoracic curve, and their ratio were correlated with postoperative shoulder balance. The matching of the amount of correction of the proximal thoracic curve and main thoracic curve can ensure postoperative shoulder balance, and the amount of correction of the proximal thoracic curve may be a protective factor of postoperative shoulder balance. However, for long-term shoulder balance, the effect of the proximal thoracic curve and main thoracic curve correction rate is not obvious. In contrast, compensatory factors such as proximal thoracic cure aggravation, torso tilt, and lumbar curve aggravation mayaffect.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910364

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective effect of α-lipoic acid (LA) on radiation damage of mice cochlear ribbon synapses.Methods:Mice were divided into five groups: control group, radiation 3 d group, radiation 3 d+ LA group, radiation 14 d group and radiation 14 d+ LA group. The radiation groups were irradiated with 16 Gy, the radiation+ LA groups were given LA once a day after radiation, the control group was given the same amount of normal saline. The auditory brainstem response (ABR) of mice were measured before irradiation and sacrifice. The number of ribbon synapses were observed with immunofluorescently labeled protein ctBP2. Western blot assay was performed to obtain the semi-quantitative expression levels of otoferlin and AP-2 protein.Results:Compared with the control group, the ABR threshold of radiation groups were significantly higher ( P<0.05) with the highest value at 14 d after irradiation ( P<0.05), and the ABR threshold of the radiation+ LA groups were significantly lower ( P<0.05). The ABR threshold shifts of 12 kHz, 24 kHz at 3 d and 14 d groups had no significant difference with 8 kHz threshold shift ( P>0.05). The 32 kHz threshold shift was significantly higher than 8 kHz threshold shift ( t=-2.38, -5.48, P<0.05). The number of ribbon synapses in the radiation groups was significantly lower than that of control group ( P<0.05), with the lowest value in the radiation 14 d group. LA treatment increased the ABR value significantly ( P<0.05). AP-2 and otoferlin protein levels were significantly reduced after irradiation, especially in the radiation 14 d groups, and they were increased by the LA treatment. Conclusions:LA has protective effect on the ribbon synapses of cochlear hair cells.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) in China by using random forest algorithm, and to evaluate the predictive effect of each risk factor on UI.Methods:A baseline survey with a multistage stratified cluster sampling design was conducted between February 2014 and January 2016, and followed up by telephone from June to December 2018. A total of 55 477 adult women from six provinces of China participated the survey. According to the ratio of 1:1, under sampling method was used to randomly select the same number of women as UI from the non UI women. The data were randomly divided into training set and verification set according to 7:3. The training set was used to establish the random forest model, which including the candidate variables with P<0.2 in univariate analysis, and the verification set was used to verify the predictive effects. Results:A total of 30 658 patients (55.26%, 30 658/55 477) completed the follow-up, the median follow-up time was 3.7 years. Among the 24 985 women without UI at baseline, 1 757 (7.03%, 1 757/24 985) had UI at followed up, including 1 117 (4.47%, 1 117/24 985) with stress UI, 243 (0.97%, 243/24 985) with urgency UI and 397 (1.59%, 397/24 985) with mixed UI. When fixed the number of features as 2 and the number of random trees as 300 in the random forest model, the out of bag error rate estimation was the lowest; with such parameter settings, the classification accuracy was 64.3%, the sensitivity was 64.2%, and the specificity was 64.4%. The top10 predictive UI factors that screening by the variable importance measure in random forest model were obtained as follows: age, parity, delivery pattern, body mass index (BMI), menopause, history of diabetes, education level, history of pelvic surgery, regions, and marital status.Conclusion:We identified the top10 predictive UI factors that screening by the variable importance in random forest model as follows: age, parity, delivery pattern, BMI, menopause, history of diabetes, education level, history of pelvic surgery, regions, and marital status.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 200-205, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878027

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It has been a global trend that increasing complications related to pelvic floor surgeries have been reported over time. The current study aimed to outline the development of Chinese pelvic floor surgeries related to pelvic organ prolapse (POP) over the past 14 years and investigate the potential influence of enhanced monitoring conducted by the Chinese Association of Urogynecology since 2011.@*METHODS@#A total of 44,594 women with POP who underwent pelvic floor surgeries between October 1, 2004 and September 30, 2018 were included from 22 tertiary academic medical centers. The data were reported voluntarily and obtained from a database. We compared the proportion of each procedure in the 7 years before and 7 years after September 30, 2011. The data were analyzed by performing Z test (one-sided).@*RESULTS@#The number of different procedures during October 1, 2011-September 30, 2018 was more than twice that during October 1, 2004-September 30, 2011. Regarding pelvic floor surgeries related to POP, the rate of synthetic mesh procedures increased from 38.1% (5298/13,906) during October 1, 2004-September 30, 2011 to 46.0% (14,107/30,688) during October 1, 2011-September 30, 2018, whereas the rate of non-mesh procedures decreased from 61.9% (8608/13,906) to 54.0% (16,581/30,688) (Z = 15.53, P < 0.001). Regarding synthetic mesh surgeries related to POP, the rates of transvaginal placement of surgical mesh (TVM) procedures decreased from 94.1% (4983/5298) to 82.2% (11,603/14,107) (Z = 20.79, P < 0.001), but the rate of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) procedures increased from 5.9% (315/5298) to 17.8% (2504/14,107).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rate of synthetic mesh procedures increased while that of non-mesh procedures decreased significantly. The rate of TVM procedures decreased while the rate of LSC procedures increased significantly.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT03620565, https://register.clinicaltrials.gov.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Humans , Pelvic Floor/surgery , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Vagina
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877551

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical therapeutic effect of fire needling stripping after local anesthesia, simple fire needling and liquid nitrogen cryotherapy on verruca vulgaris.@*METHODS@#A total of 900 patients with verruca vulgaris were randomized into a fire needling stripping group (300 cases, 2 cases dropped off), a fire needling group (300 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a liquid nitrogen cryotherapy group (300 cases, 5 cases dropped off). After local anesthesia of compound lidocaine cream, fire needling therapy was adopted, and the necrotic tissue of verruca was stripped in the fire needling stripping group. Simple fire needling therapy was adopted in the fire needling group, without local anesthesia and stripping. Liquid nitrogen cryotherapy was adopted in the liquid nitrogen cryotherapy group. The treatment was given once a week, and totally 3 weeks were required in the 3 groups. The skin lesion scores of number, area, thickness, color, pruritus, isomorphism and the level of T lymphocyte (CD@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the skin lesion scores were decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#Fire needling stripping after local anesthesia can effectively treat the verruca vulgaris, improve the skin lesion and immunity, its therapeutic effect is superior to simple fire needling and liquid nitrogen cryotherapy.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Local , Cryotherapy , Humans , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Warts/therapy
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