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1.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1133-1142, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015635

ABSTRACT

The FRUITFULL (FUL) gene belongs to the AP1/ FUL subfamily of the plant MADS-box family and has functions in regulating flowering time, floral meristem differentiation and fruit development. PfFUL gene sequence was derived from the perilla transcriptome data, and the basic physicochemical properties of PfFUL were analyzed by bioinformatics methods. Evolutionary relationships of PfFUL with other species of FUL were analyzed by phylogenetic tree. Plant expression vector 35S::PfFUL was constructed and used to transform wild type Col-0 and mutant ful-7 Arabidopsis to obtain overexpression 35S::PfFUL/ Col-0 and complemented mutation 35S::PfFUL / ful-7 plants respectively. Comparative phenotypic analysis was performed to preliminarily clarify the function of PfFUL gene in plant flowering and fruit development. The functions of the PfFUL gene during flowering and angular fruit development of the plants were initially clarified. The CDS of PfFUL gene is 738 bp and encodes 245 amino acids. Phylogenetic tree showed that the perilla PfFUL was closely related to Solanum lycopersicum, Salvia splendens and Salvia hispanica, but far related to Arabidopsis thaliana, Nicotiana tabacum and Vitis vinifera. Compared to Col-0 and ful-7, the transgenic plants showed early flowering (P0. 05), and the amount of wrinkled seed was significantly reduced (P<0. 01). In addition, phenotypic observations revealed that the transgenic plants also exhibited increased internode length and narrowed and curled cauline leaves. In conclusion, this study confirmed that the PfFUL gene regulates early flowering and fruit development in plants and participates in nutritional growth.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1143-1152, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015628

ABSTRACT

ω-3-Fatty acid desaturase 8 (FAD8), as a dehydrogenase enzyme, plays a key role in the transformation of saturated fatty acids into unsaturated fatty acids, which is helpful to enhance the freezing tolerance of plants. However, it remains unclear whether the expression level of FAD8 in Perilla frutescens is regulated by low temperature. Based on transcriptome data, the FAD8 gene was cloned, characterized and then successfully expressed in tobacco Nicotiana tabacum. The gene was designated as PfFAD8 and has a full-length coding sequence of 1 317 bp coding for 438 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 50 kD and a theoretical isoelectric point of 9. 13. Our research indicated that the expression of PfFAD8 in Perilla frutescens was increased under the freezing stress. To further confirm this result, a 35S::PfFAD8 vector were constructed and transformed into N. tabacum by Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. Transgenic tobacco leaves that over-expressed the PfFAD8 gene exhibited significantly higher unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) such as linoleic (C18:2) and palmitic acid (C16:0) content and advanced freezing tolerance. Moreover, PfFAD8 overexpression in transgenic tobacco leaves increases malondialdehyde (MDA) and proline (PRO) content, and enhances defense enzymes activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) to some extent under the cold condition, which might prevent the decline of UFA. Taken together, PfFAD8 overexpression in Perilla frutescens might be involved in the desaturation process of lipids leading to increased membrane stability and/ or induction of other genes related to freezing tolerance by octadecanoid pathway or lipid peroxidation products. Thus, PfFAD8 overexpression could be useful in the production of freeze-tolerant varieties of N. tabacum.

3.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 425-433, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015193

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of MLLT1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)and its impact on the tumor immune microenvironment. Methods Multivariate Cox regression analysis and tumor gene analysis tools such as GEPIA and UALCAN were used to explore the expression of the MLLT1 gene and its prognostic significance in different tumors. Real-time PCR, Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry were used to investigate the differential expression of MLLT1 between HCC tumor tissue and normal tissue. MTT assay and cell cycle analysis were performed to assess the effect of MLLT1 knockdown on cell proliferation and cell cycle. The correlation between MLLT1 and immune cells, as well as immune infiltrates in the tumor microenvironment, and their correlation with immune neoantigens, immune checkpoints, tumor mutation burden, and microsatellite instability were also explored. Results The MLLT1 gene was found to be aberrantly expressed in various solid tumors including HCC, and its high expression was associated with poor prognosis in HCC. Knockdown of MLLT1 inhibited HCC cell proliferation and blocked the cell cycle. High expression of MLLT1 was found to affect the content of multiple immune cells, including CD4

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 366-372, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013865

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of JiChuanjian(JCJ)on the Yang deficiency constipation based on Ca

5.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 590-603, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011417

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Echinococcus multilocularis on the phenotypic transformations of glucose metabolism, polarization types and inflammatory responses in macrophages, so as to provide insights into elucidation of echinococcosis pathogenesis. Methods Bone marrow cells were isolated from C57BL/6J mice at ages of 6 to 8 weeks, and induced into bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) with mouse macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), which served as controls (BMDMs-M0). BMDMs-M0 induced M2 macrophages by interleukin-4 for 24 hours served as the IL-4 induction group, and BMDMs-M0 co-cultured with 2.4 ng/mL E. multilocularis cystic fluid (CF) served as the BMDM-CF co-culture group, while BMDMs-M0 co-cultured with E. multilocularis protoscolex (PSC) at a ratio of 500:1 served as the BMDM-PSC co-culture group. The types of polarization of BMDMs co-cultured with E. multilocularis CF and PSC were analyzed using flow cytometry, and the expression of macrophage markers, inflammatory factors, and glucose metabolism-related enzymes was quantified using fluorescent quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and Western blotting assays. Results There were significant differences among the four groups in terms of Arginase-1 (Arg1) (F = 1 457.00, P < 0.000 1), macrophages-derived C-C motif chemokine 22 (Ccl22) (F = 22 203.00, P < 0.000 1), resistin-like α (Retnla) (F = 151.90, P < 0.000 1), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) (F = 107.80, P < 0.001), hexokinase (HK) (F = 9 389.00, P < 0.000 1), pyruvate kinase (PK) (F = 641.40, P < 0.001), phosphofructokinase 1 (PFK1) (F = 43.97, P < 0.01), glucokinase (GK) (F = 432.50, P < 0.000 1), pyruvate dehydrogenase kinases1 (PDK1) (F = 737.30, P < 0.000 1), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) (F = 3 632.00, P < 0.000 1), glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) (F = 532.40, P < 0.000 1), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) (F = 460.00, P < 0.000 1), citrate synthase (CS) (F = 5 642.00, P < 0.01), glycogen synthase1 (GYS1) (F = 273.30, P < 0.000 1), IL-6 (F = 1 823.00, P < 0.000 1), IL-10 (F = 291.70, P < 0.000 1), IL-1β (F = 986.60, P < 0.000 1), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α (F = 334.80, P < 0.000 1) and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β mRNA expression (F = 163.30, P < 0.001). The proportion of M2 macrophages was significantly higher than that of M1 macrophages in the BMDM-PSC co-culture group [(22.87% ±1.48%) vs. (1.70% ±0.17%); t = 24.61, P < 0.001], and the proportion of M2 macrophages was significantly higher than that of M1 macrophages in the BMDM-CF co-culture group [(20.07% ±0.64%) vs. (1.93% ±0.25%); t = 45.73, P < 0.001]. The mRNA expression of M2 macrophages markers Arg1, Ccl22 and Retnla was significantly higher in the BMDM-CF and BMDM-PSC co-culture groups than in the control group (all P values < 0.01), and no significant difference was seen in the mRNA expression of the M1 macrophage marker iNOS among the three groups (P > 0.05), while qPCR assay quantified higher mRNA expression of key glycolytic enzymes HK, PK and PFK, as well as inflammatory factors IL-10, IL-1β, TNF-α and TGF-β in the BMDM-CF and BMDM-PSC co-culture groups than in the control group (all P values < 0.01). Western blotting assay determined higher HK, PK and PFK protein expression in the BMDM-PSC co-culture group than in the control group (all P values < 0.05), and qPCR quantified higher GLUT1, GAPDH and IL-6 mRNA expression in the BMDM-CF co-culture group than in the control group (all P values < 0.05), while higher HK, PK and PFK protein and mRNA expression (all P values < 0.01), as well as lower IL-6 and TNF-α and higher TGF-β mRNA expression (both P values < 0.05) was detected in the IL-4 induction group than in the control group. Glycolytic stress test showed no significant difference in the extracellular acidification rate (ECAR) of mouse BMDM among the control group, IL-4 induction group and BMDM-PSC co-culture group (F = 124.4, P < 0.05), and a higher ECAR was seen in the BMDM-PSC co-culture group and a lower ECAR was found in the IL-4 induction group than in the control group (both P values < 0.05). Conclusions Treatment of E. multilocularis CF or PSC mainly causes polarization of BMDM into M2 macrophages, and phenotypic transformation of glucose metabolism into high-energy and high-glycolytic metabolism, and affects inflammatory responses in BMDM.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 4748-4764, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011204

ABSTRACT

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and aggressive malignant brain tumor in adults and is poorly controlled. Previous studies have shown that both macrophages and angiogenesis play significant roles in GBM progression, and co-targeting of CSF1R and VEGFR is likely to be an effective strategy for GBM treatment. Therefore, this study developed a novel and selective inhibitor of CSF1R and VEGFR, SYHA1813, possessing potent antitumor activity against GBM. SYHA1813 inhibited VEGFR and CSF1R kinase activities with high potency and selectivity and thus blocked the cell viability of HUVECs and macrophages and exhibited anti-angiogenetic effects both in vitro and in vivo. SYHA1813 also displayed potent in vivo antitumor activity against GBM in immune-competent and immune-deficient mouse models, including temozolomide (TMZ) insensitive tumors. Notably, SYHA1813 could penetrate the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and prolong the survival time of mice bearing intracranial GBM xenografts. Moreover, SYHA1813 treatment resulted in a synergistic antitumor efficacy in combination with the PD-1 antibody. As a clinical proof of concept, SYHA1813 achieved confirmed responses in patients with recurrent GBM in an ongoing first-in-human phase I trial. The data of this study support the rationale for an ongoing phase I clinical study (ChiCTR2100045380).

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2715-2726, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999026

ABSTRACT

As a natural product with a long history of medicinal use, parthenolide has aroused great interest of chemists and biologists. Existing studies have shown that it has anti-inflammatory, antitumor and other pharmacological activities, and also revealed its action on NF-κB signaling pathway, DNMT1 enzyme and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. But its biological targets remain to be elucidated systematically. Proteolysis Targeting Chimeras (PROTAC) provides a new strategy for target discovery of natural products, which can be used to explore the panorama of protein changes in cells through proteomic investigation, so as to analyze their potential targets. Based on this idea, current study designed and synthesized 20 parthenolide-derived degraders. After measured their antitumor activity in vitro, selected compounds were carried out the proteomic experiment. Finally, 139 down-regulated differentially expressed proteins were identified and the discovery of parthenolide interacting protein was preliminarily explored.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2657-2662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998823

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the survival and adverse reactions of patients with unresectable cholangiocarcinoma after stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). MethodsA total of 27 patients with unresectable solitary cholangiocarcinoma without metastasis who underwent SBRT in The Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from February 2012 to July 2020 were enrolled. The prescribed dose to planning target volume was 42-60 Gy in 5-8 fractions, with 5-11 Gy/fraction. Among these patients, five patients were also treated with chemotherapy and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization. The 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month overall survival (OS) rates, progression-free survival (PFS) rates, and local control (LC) rates were used as the assessment indices for treatment outcome; Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v.4.03 was used to evaluate adverse reactions; the Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate OS, PFS, and LC rates. ResultsThe median follow-up time was 17 months. For all 27 patients, the 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month OS rates were 100%, 88%, 57.5%, and 47.9%, respectively; the 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month PFS rates were 74.1%, 58.6%, 47.9%, and 35.9%, respectively; the 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month LC rates were 96.3%, 91.9%, 84.8%, and 76.4%, respectively. No grade 3 or above toxic reactions were observed. Five patients were diagnosed with radiation-induced liver injury, but there was no death due to radiation-induced liver injury. ConclusionSBRT is safe and effective in the treatment of unresectable cholangiocarcinoma, with relatively high survival rate, PFS rate, and LC rate and low toxicity, and therefore, SBRT can be used as an alternative treatment method for patients with cholangiocarcinoma who are not candidates for surgery.

9.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1240-1249, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998747

ABSTRACT

Background Subways are typical congregate settings and may facilitate aerosol transmission of viruses. However, quantified transmission probability estimates are lacking. Purpose To model spread and diffusion of respiratory aerosols in subways by simulation and calculation of infection probabilities. Methods The internal environment of carriages of Shanghai Metro Line 10 was used to establish a study scene. The movement of tiny particles was simulated using the turbulent model. Trend analysis of infection probabilities and viral quantum doses was conducted in a closed subway carriage scene by a quantum emission-infection probability model. Results Under a typical twelve-vent air conditioning configuration, respiratory droplet aerosols within a subway carriage dispersed rapidly throughout various regions due to airflow, with limited short-term diffusion to other carriages. Concurrently, owing to the uncertainty of airflow patterns, the airflow might circulate and converge within carriages, causing delayed outward dispersion or hindered dispersion of droplet aerosols upon entry into these zones. Passengers boarding the carriage could exacerbate the formation of these zones. When the air conditioning system functioned adequately (air exchange rate=23.21 h−1), the probability of a virus carrier transmitting the virus to other passengers within the same carriage via aerosol transmission was approximately 3.8%. However, in the event of air conditioning system failure (air exchange rate=0.5 h−1), this probability escalated dramatically to 30%. Furthermore, a super-spreader (with virus spreading exceeding 90% of the average) elevated the infection probability to 14.9%. Additionally, due to the complexity of turbulence within the carriage, if local diffusion occurred in 1/2 zones of a carriage, the anticipated infection probability would increase to 8.9%, or during the morning or evening rush hours leading to elevated aerosol concentrations, the infection probability would rise to 4.7%. The subway transmission probability for common coronaviruses diminished to as low as 0.9%. Conclusion Combined computational fluid dynamics and infection probability analysis reveals that in the prevalent twelve-vent air conditioning configurations, despite being a major transportation hub with substantial spatial-temporal overlap, the internal space of subway carriages exhibits a certain level of resistance to virus aerosol transmission owing to built-in ventilation capabilities. However, turbulence and passenger positioning may lead to localized hovering of droplet aerosols, thereby increase the risk of virus transmission. Furthermore, super-spreaders, poor operational status of built-in air conditioning system, and high passenger volume at morning or evening peak hours exert profound effects on virus transmission and infection probability.

10.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 383-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997251

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the epidemic status of imported malaria and national malaria control program in China, so as to provide insights into post-elimination malaria surveillance. Methods All data pertaining to imported malaria cases were collected from Anhui Province, Hubei Province, Henan Province, Zhejiang Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region during the period from January 1, 2018 through December 31, 2021. The number of malaria cases, species of malaria parasites, country where malaria parasite were infected, diagnosis and treatment after returning to China, and response were compared before (from January 1, 2018 to January 22, 2020) and after the COVID-19 pandemic (from January 23, 2020 to December 31, 2021). Results A total of 2 054 imported malaria cases were reported in Anhui Province, Hubei Province, Henan Province, Zhejiang Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region during the period from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2021, and there were 1 722 cases and 332 cases reported before and after the COVID-19 pandemic, respectively. All cases were reported within one day after definitive diagnosis. The annual mean number of reported malaria cases reduced by 79.30% in Anhui Province, Hubei Province, Henan Province, Zhejiang Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region after the COVID-19 pandemic (171 cases) than before the pandemic (826 cases), and the number of monthly reported malaria cases significantly reduced in Anhui Province, Hubei Province, Henan Province, Zhejiang Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region since February 2020. There was a significant difference in the constituent ratio of species of malaria parasites among the imported malaria cases in Anhui Province, Hubei Province, Henan Province, Zhejiang Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region before and after the COVID-19 pandemic (χ2 = 146.70, P < 0.05), and P. falciparum malaria was predominant before the COVID-19 pandemic (72.30%), while P. ovale malaria (44.28%) was predominant after the COVID-19 pandemic, followed by P. falciparum malaria (37.65%). There was a significant difference in the constituent ratio of country where malaria parasites were infected among imported malaria cases in Anhui Province, Hubei Province, Henan Province, Zhejiang Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region before and after the COVID-19 pandemic (χ2 = 13.83, P < 0.05), and the proportion of malaria cases that acquired Plasmodium infections in western Africa reduced after the COVID-19 pandemic that before the pandemic (44.13% vs. 37.95%; χ2 = 4.34, P < 0.05), while the proportion of malaria cases that acquired Plasmodium infections in eastern Africa increased after the COVID-19 pandemic that before the pandemic (9.58% vs. 15.36%; χ2 = 9.88, P = 0.02). The proportion of completing case investigation within 3 days was significantly lower after the COVID-19 pandemic than before the pandemic (96.69% vs. 98.32%; χ2= 3.87, P < 0.05), while the proportion of finishing foci investigation and response within 7 days was significantly higher after the COVID-19 pandemic than before the pandemic (100.00% vs. 98.43%; χ2 = 3.95, P < 0.05). Conclusions The number of imported malaria cases remarkably reduced in Anhui Province, Hubei Province, Henan Province, Zhejiang Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China during the COVID-19 pandemic, with a decreased proportion of completing case investigations within 3 days. The sensitivity of the malaria surveillance-response system requires to be improved to prevent the risk of secondary transmission of malaria due to the sharp increase in the number of imported malaria cases following the change of the COVID-19 containment policy.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2339-2343, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the mechanism of Qingre huashi decoction in the treatment of gastric cancer by intervening in miRNA-155 and inhibiting Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. METHODS Thirty nude mice were randomly divided into model group, control group (0.004 g/kg cisplatin+0.02 g/kg fluorouracil), overexpression group, Qingre huashi prescription low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups (2.71, 5.43, 10.86 g/kg), with 5 mice in each group. The overexpression group was inoculated with miRNA-155 AGS cell line, and the other groups were inoculated with AGS cells to induce tumor-bearing gastric cancer model. The control group was given relevant medicine intraperitoneally, and other groups were given relevant medicine or normal saline intragastrically, once a day, for 3 consecutive weeks. The weight of tumor tissue in nude mice was determined; the pathological morphology of tumor tissue was observed; the miRNA-155 expression, mRNA and protein expressions of Wnt7, β-catenin and T- cell factor-4(TCF-4) in tumor tissue were detected. RESULTS Compared with the model group, the tumor weights of nude mice in the control group, the overexpression group and Qingre huashi decoction high-dose group were significantly reduced (P<0.05); mRNA and protein expressions of Wnt7, β -catenin and TCF-4 were significantly decreased (P<0.05), while miRNA-155 expression was increased significantly (P<0.05). Tumor cells exhibited varying degrees of loose arrangement, shallow nuclear staining, and necrotic foci. CONCLUSIONS Qingre huashi decoction can inhibit the protein and mRNA expressions of Wnt7, β-catenin and TCF-4 in Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by up-regulating miRNA-155, thus inhibiting the tumor growth of tumor-bearing nude mice.

12.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 419-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996250

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and adverse reactions of image-guided hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy (Ig-HypoRT) conbined with contralateral esophageal protection in treatment of patients with unresectable stage Ⅲ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:The clinical data of 45 patients with unresectable stage Ⅲ NSCLC who were admitted to Xuzhou Cancer Hospital from January 2016 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients received induction chemotherapy with a platinum-based dual-drug combination regimen, followed by Ig-HypoRT with a total dose of tumor of 60-63 Gy/12- 18 times at 3.5-5.0 Gy/time. Contralateral esophagus was delineated as an organ at risk during radiotherapy, limiting V 45 Gy≤1.8 cc and V 55 Gy ≤0.4 cc. Patients' efficacy, survival and the occurrence of adverse reactions were observed. Results:Among 45 patients, there were 9 cases of complete remission, 31 cases of partial remission, 4 cases of stable disease and 1 case of disease progression, and the effective rate was 88.8% (40/45). The median follow-up time was 34 months, 45 patients had a median overall survival (OS) time of 25.0 months (95% CI 21.7-28.8 months), with 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates of 78.9%, 56.8% and 47.7%, respectively; the median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 18.5 months (95% CI 15.0-22.0 months), with 1-, 2- and 3-year PFS rates of 59.8%, 32.6% and 18.6%, respectively. The 3-year local recurrence rate was 9% (4/45). The incidence of grade 1-2 radioactive esophagitis was 80% (36/45); the incidence of grade 1-2 chest pain was 20% (9/45). The incidence of grade 3-4 adverse reactions were 13% (6/45), including 7% (3/45) of grade 3 pulmonary atelectasis, 4% (2/45) of grade 3 radioactive pneumonia, and 2% (1/45) of grade 4 hemoptysis. Conclusions:Ig-HypoRT combined with contralateral esophageal protection for unresectable stage Ⅲ NSCLC can improve survival rate and reduce esophageal adverse reactions of patients.

13.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 353-360, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996238

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen the differentially expressed genes (DEG) related to inflammatory response associated with the prognosis of colon cancer based on the bioinformatics approach, and to construct and validate a prognostic model for colon cancer.Methods:RNA sequencing and clinical data of 472 colon cancer patients and normal colon tissues of 41 healthy people were retrieved from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Gene expression related to prognosis of colon cancer and clinical data were retrieved from the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) database. The retrieval time was all from the establishment of library to November 2022. A total of 200 genes associated with inflammatory response obtained from the Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) database were compared with the RNA sequencing gene dataset of colon cancer and normal colon tissues obtained from the TCGA database, and then DEG associated with inflammatory response were obtained. The prognosis-related DEG in the TCGA database were analyzed by using Cox proportional risk model, and the inflammatory response-related DEG were intersected with the prognosis-related DEG to obtain the prognosis-related inflammatory response-related DEG. The prognostic model of colon cancer was constructed by using LASSO Cox regression. Risk scores were calculated, and colon cancer patients in the TCGA database were divided into two groups of low risk (< the median value) and high risk (≥the median value) according to the median value of risk scores. Principal component analysis (PCA) was performed on patients in both groups, and survival analysis was performed by using Kaplan-Meier method. The efficacy of risk score in predicting the overall survival (OS) of colon cancer patients in the TCGA database was analyzed based on the R software timeROC program package. Clinical data from the ICGC database were applied to externally validate the constructed prognostic model, and patients with colon cancer in the ICGC database were classified into high and low risk groups based on the median risk score of patients with colon cancer in the TCGA database. By using R software, single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGESA), immunophenotyping difference analysis, immune microenvironment correlation analysis, and immune checkpoint gene difference analysis of immune cells and immune function were performed for prognosis-related inflammation response-related DEG in the TCGA database.Results:A total of 60 inflammatory response-related DEG and 12 prognosis-related DEG were obtained; and 6 prognosis-related inflammatory response-related DEG (CCL24, GP1BA, SLC4A4, SRI, SPHK1, TIMP1) were obtained by taking the intersection set. LASSO Cox regression analysis showed that a prognostic model for colon cancer was constructed based on 6 prognosis-related inflammatory response-related DEG, and the risk score was calculated as = -0.113×CCL24+0.568×GP1BA+ (-0.375)×SLC4A4+(-0.051)×SRI+0.287×SPHK1+0.345×TIMP1. PCA results showed that patients with colon cancer could be better classified into 2 clusters. The OS in the high-risk group was worse than that in the low-risk group in the TCGA database ( P < 0.001); the area of the curve (AUC) of the prognostic risk score for predicting the OS rates of 1-year, 3-year, 5-year was 0.701, 0.685, and 0.675, respectively. The OS of the low-risk group was better than that of the high-risk group in the ICGC database; AUC of the prognostic risk score for predicting the OS rates of 1-year, 2-year, 3-year was 0.760, 0.788, and 0.743, respectively. ssGSEA analysis showed that the level of immune cell infiltration in the high-risk group in the TCGA database was high, especially the scores of activated dendritic cells, macrophages, neutrophils, plasmacytoid dendritic cells, T helper cells, and follicular helper T cells in the high-risk group were higher than those in the low-risk group, while the score of helper T cells 2 (Th2) in the high-risk group was lower compared with that in the low-risk group (all P < 0.05); in terms of immune function, the high-risk group had higher scores of antigen-presenting cell (APC) co-inhibition, APC co-stimulation, immune checkpoint, human leukocyte antigen (HLA), promotion of inflammation, parainflammation, T-cell stimulation, type Ⅰ interferon (IFN) response, and type ⅡIFN response scores compared with those in the low-risk group (all P < 0.05). The results of immunophenotyping analysis showed that IFN-γ-dominant type (C2) had the highest inflammatory response score, and the differences were statistically significant when compared with trauma healing type (C1) and inflammatory response type (C3), respectively (all P < 0.05). Immune microenvironment stromal cells and immune cells were all positively correlated with prognostic risk scores ( r values were 0.35 and 0.21, respectively, both P < 0.01). The results of immune checkpoint difference analysis showed there was a statistically significant difference in programmed-death receptor ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression level between high-risk group and low-risk group ( P = 0.002), and PD-L1 expression level was positively correlated with prognostic risk score ( r = 0.23, P < 0.01). Conclusions:Inflammatory response-related genes may play an important role in tumor immunity of colon cancer and can be used in the prognostic analysis and immunotherapy of colon cancer patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 70-75, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995478

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of an "ABC" three line perforator locating method in design and harvest of free anterolateral perforator flap of calf.Methods:Between March 2021 and November 2021, 42 patients with 62 wounds on hand and foot were treated in the Department of Hand Surgery, Suzhou Ruihua Orthopaedic Hospital. The "ABC" three line perforator locating method was applied to determine the location and source of perforating branch before operation and to guide the design and harvest of flap during operation in wound reconstruction. Among the 42 patients, 24 had the injury of single digit, 7 had the injuries with 2 digits, 4 with 3 digits, 1 with 4 digits, 1 of the first web, 1 in the wrist, 2 of the great toe, 1 of second toe and 1 in dorsal foot. The sizes of soft tissue defect were 1.5 cm×2.0 cm-3.0 cm×14.0 cm. The sizes of the flaps were 2.0 cm×2.5 cm-3.5 cm×15.0 cm. All donor sites were sutured directly. In the follow-up, sensations of flaps were evaluated following the sensory function evaluation standard of British Medical Research Council(BMRC), and the recovery of the donor and recipient sites was evaluated by the flap comprehensive evaluation scale. Regular follow-up were scheduled at outpatient clinic.Results:A total of 162 perforators were located before operation. There were 95 perforating branches being explored in the operation, of which 5 patients had 1 extra perforating branch than that located before surgery. Seventy-six perforating branches were found consistent with preoperative localisation, with a coincidence rate of 84.4%(76/90). Sixty-four perforating branches were found consistent with the preoperative source with an accuracy rate of 84.2%(64/76). All the 62 flaps survived without a vascular compromise. Follow-up lasted for 6-10(mean 7.1) months. The colour and texture of the flaps were excellent. The flaps were thin and wear-resistant. The sensory function of the flaps was evaluated at S 1-S 3 by BMRC. Comprehensive evaluation scale of flap was excellent in 38 patients and good in 4 patients. Conclusion:"ABC" three line perforator locating method in design of free anterolateral calf flap is a feasible and an ideal auxiliary method in surgical practice. It combines anatomical knowledge, clinical experience and Doppler ultrasound localisation as well as accurately guides the location and source prediction of perforator before surgery.

15.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 178-182, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994559

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the safety and efficacy of aortic banding in the treatment of refractory endoleaks after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR).Methods:The clinical and follow-up data of 10 patients with refractory endoleaks EVAR undergoing aortic banding at Peking University People's Hospital from Jun 2019 to Aprl 2022 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The aortic banding was indicated for type Ⅰ endoleak in 6 patients, type Ⅱ endoleak in 3 patients and internal tension in 1 patient with persistent aneurysm enlargement or rupture. The surgical procedure was based on laparotomy. The proximal aortic neck was exposed and re-fixation with artificial strip to prevent bleeding. The surgical procedures was successful in all the 10 cases without residual endoleak or re-bleeding. The post-operative contrast-enhanced ultrasonography revealed neither new-onset endoleak nor occlusion of stent-grafts. Perioperative complications included one case of delayed wound healing and one case of incomplete ileus. No perioperative deaths occurred. Midterm follow-up was achieved in 10 patients with a mean follow-up time of 13 months. No recurrence of endoleak was found. One patient underwent endovascular repair for independent thoracic aortic aneurysm 6 months after surgery. There were no other aorta-related secondary surgeries or aortic-related deaths.Conclusion:Aortic banding for refractory endoleaks after EVAR is minimally invasive and reliable. It can effectively eliminate the refractory endoleaks, and reduce the risks of aortic-related secondary surgery or death.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 316-321, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993814

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the predictive value of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin(NGAL)in high-risk elderly patients with acute kidney injury(AKI).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to collect 183 patients over 65 years old in the Department of Geriatrics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2018 to October 2019.The patients were combined with at least one risk factor.The diagnostic effect of NGAL for AKI prediction in high-risk patients was evaluated.According to the initial serum creatinine(SCr)and basic glomerular filtration rate(eGFR), the patients were divided into chronic kidney disease(CKD)group and non-CKD group.The optimal diagnostic threshold for A-on-C is determined by determining the area under the subject curve(AuROC). Univariate and independent predictors multivariate regression analysis was used to assess the risk of AKI.Results:The serum NGAL(NGAL)level in AKI group was higher than that in non-AKI group[702.5 μg/L(499.2, 813.2) vs.233.9 μg/L(147.2, 315.7), Z=8.002, P<0.001]. In CKD patients, serum NGAL in AKI group was higher than that in non-AKI group[1033 μg/L(845.5, 1447) vs.288.2 μg/L(221.4, 423.3), Z=4.867, P<0.001]. In all patients, model 3 with four variables showed better AKI prediction ability than model 0, 1 and 2( R2=0.743, P<0.001). In the CKD group, the AuROC of serum NGAL for AKI prediction was larger than that of CYS-C group, whereas in the non-CKD group, the AuROC of serum NGAL for AKI prediction was smaller than that of CYS-C group. Conclusions:Serum NGAL may serve as a useful biomarker for AKI prediction in AKI high-risk elderly patients.Especially in patients with CKD, Serum NGAL has a better predictive value for AKI than traditional indicators.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 506-511, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993222

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of chemoradiotherapy and surgery in cervical esophageal cancer (CEC).Methods:Data of 459 patients with CEC from 2004 to 2017 were collected and retrospectively analyzed from the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) database of National Cancer Institute (US). All patients were divided into the chemoradiotherapy group ( n=379) and surgery group ( n=80) according to the treatment methods. Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method and survival curve was drawn. Multivariate survival analysis was conducted by Cox proportional hazards regression model. The death rate of different causes between two groups was calculated by cumulative incidence function (CIF). The differences of death rate between two groups were evaluated by Fine-Gray competing risk model. By analyzing the clinical characteristics and survival of CEC patients, the overall survival (OS) was compared between the surgery and chemoradiotherapy groups. Results:The 2- and 5-year survival rates in the chemoradiotherapy group were 43.1% and 22.4%, while those of the surgical group were 46.8% and 26.0%, respectively. No significant difference was observed in the OS between the chemoradiotherapy and surgery groups ( P=0.750). Cox multivariate analysis showed that treatment (surgery group vs. chemoradiotherapy group) was not an independent prognostic factor for OS. Based on the results of competing risk analysis, the risk of esophageal cancer-specific death in the chemoradiotherapy group was higher than that in the surgery group, and the difference was statistically significant between two groups ( P<0.001). The risk of other cause-specific death in the chemoradiotherapy group was lower than that in the surgery group ( P<0.001). The proportion of patients who died of oral, oropharyngeal, hypopharyngeal and laryngeal diseases in the surgery group was significantly higher than that in the chemoradiotherapy group(all P<0.001). Conclusions:No significant difference is observed in the OS of CEC patients treated with chemoradiotherapy or surgery. In the surgery group, the risk of esophageal cancer-specific death is lower, whereas the risk of other cause-specific death is higher compared with those in the chemoradiotherapy group.

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Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 400-406, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993206

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of hippocampal avoidance whole-brain irradiation with simultaneous integrated boost in the treatment of brain metastases of lung cancer.Methods:Forty lung cancer patients with brain metastases who received whole-brain radiotherapy with simultaneous integrated boost and hippocampal avoidance in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2014 to 2020 were enrolled in this study. Brain MRI, survival follow-up and evaluation of side effects were performed before radiotherapy and at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after radiotherapy, respectively. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and changes in cognitive function were analyzed. Continuous data were described as Mean ± SD. Categorical data were described by frequency and composition ratio or percentage. Survival analysis was conducted by Kaplan-Meier method. Influencing factors of survival were identified by univariate and multivariate Cox's regression analyses.Results:A total of 40 patients were enrolled in the study. The median follow-up time was 14.2 months and the median OS, PFS and intracranial PFS of all patients were 14.8 months, 6.7 months and 14.8 months, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that male gender and newly diagnosed stage Ⅳ disease were associated with worse OS and PFS, respectively. The Hopkins verbal learning test-revised (HVLT-R) scores at baseline and 1, 3 and 6 months after radiotherapy were 21.94±2.99, 20.88±3.12, 20.03±3.14, and 19.78±2.98, respectively. The HVLT-R score at 6 months after radiotherapy was decreased by approximately 9.8% compared with the baseline. No grade 3 or above toxic and side effect occurred in the entire cohort.Conclusion:Hippocampal avoidance whole-brain irradiation with simultaneous integrated boost is a safe and effective treatment for brain metastases of lung cancer, which is expected to reduce the impact of radiotherapy on cognitive function.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 86-90, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993156

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the malignant tumor with the highest mortality rate in the world. Radiotherapy plays an important role in the comprehensive treatment of lung cancer. With the continuous advancement of radiotherapy technology and equipment, it has become one of the effective therapeutic options for lung cancer. In recent years, artificial intelligence technology has developed rapidly and has been widely applied in clinical practice, especially in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer imaging. The image database can be obtained by sorting and summarizing the images, which can be used in clinical work and scientific research. In this article, the application of artificial intelligence in lung cancer radiotherapy imaging and lung cancer imaging database was reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the construction of artificial intelligence radiotherapy imaging database for lung cancer.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 161-170, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992695

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether the antibacterial copper sulfide (CuS)/graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets composite film can promote angiogenesis and osteogenesis in vitro. Methods:GO and CuS/GO nanosheets were synthesized and mixed into polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) hydrogel films. The study was conducted in 4 groups: PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC/CuS/GO, PVA/CMC (only PVA/CMC-based film) and blank control (no material). The PVA/CMC, PVA/CMC/GO and PVA/CMC/CuS/GO films were characterized by electron scanning microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometer. The biocompatibility of different films (PVA/CMC/CuS/GO films with concentrations of CuS/GO nanotablets of 0, 50, 100, 200, 400, and 800 μ g/mL) was evaluated by CCK-8, live/dead cell staining, and hemolysis test. The angiogenesis was evaluated by cell migration and tube forming test in vitro. Alkaline phosphatase and alizarin red staining were used to evaluate osteogenesis in vitro, and the expression of osteogenic genes was measured by immunofluorescence staining and RT-qPCR. In addition, the bacterial plate counting method and bacteriostatic circle method were used to evaluate the antibacterial activity of films. Results:In the PVA/CMC/GO and PVA/CMC/CuS/GO groups, the surface of the PVA/CMC-based film was smooth and flat whereas the nanosheets composite films were irregularly flaky and convex. The biosafety experiments showed that the PVA/CMC-based film composited with GO or CuS/GO nanosheets at the concentration of 100 μg/mL had good biocompatibility. The results of angiogenesis in vitro showed that the migration ratio of HUVEC cells in the PVA/CMC/CuS/GO group was significantly better than those in the PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC and control groups ( P<0.001). In the experiment of tube forming area and length, the PVA/CMC/CuS/GO group was significantly better than the PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC and control groups ( P<0.001). The osteogenic differentiation in vitro displayed that the alkaline phosphatase and alizarin red staining of MC3T3-E1 cells in the PVA/CMC/CuS/GO group were significantly better than those in the PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC and control groups ( P<0.001). In addition, the fluorescence intensity of immunofluorescence staining in alkaline phosphatase and type Ⅰcollagen on MC3T3-E1 cells, and the mRNA expression levels of osteogenic related genes including alkaline phosphatase, bone morphogenetic protein 2, osteocalcin and osteopontin in the PVA/CMC/CuS/GO group were significantly higher than those in the PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC and control groups ( P<0.001). The antibacterial assay showed that the PVA/CMC/CuS/GO group had a significantly greater antibacterial activity and a significantly larger inhibition zone against Gram-positive bacteria and Gram-negative bacteria than the PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC and control groups ( P< 0.001). Conclusions:PVA/CMC films composited with GO or CuS/GO nanosheets demonstrate ideal biocompatibility and antibacterial properties which promote angiogenesis and osteogenic differentiation in vitro. In particular, antibacterial PVA/CMC/CuS/GO composite films with the coupling function of angiogenesis and osteogenesis are expected to provide a new strategy for infectious bone defects.

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