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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888308

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the results of percutaneous core needle biopsy for bone tumors in upper limbs with pathologic fracture and to find the possible factors that could impact the results.@*METHODS@#The including criteria for this study was the patients who had received percutaneous core needle biopsy and definitive surgery, whose tumor was located at upper limb with pathologic fracture. From January 2015 to December 2019, seventy-seven patients were enrolled. There were 55 males and 22 females. The median age was 27 years old (range:5 to 88 years old). The tumor located at humerus in 67 cases, radius in 8 cases and ulna in 2 cases. If the pathologic diagnosis of core needle biopsy was the same with the definitive surgery, it was defined as "correct". If the pathologic diagnosis of biopsy for benign or malignant was right but the exact diagnostic name was not the same with definitive surgery, it was defined as "supportive". If the pathologic diagnosis of biopsy for benign or malignant was not correct, it was defined as "wrong". We retrospectively analyzed the accuracy and impact factors for core needle biopsy.@*RESULTS@#The result was "correct" in 63 cases(81.8%), "supportive" in 14 cases(18.2%), and "wrong" in 0 cases. We analyzed the gender, age, location, fracture displacement, the destroyed type for bone tumor, soft tissue mass, fluid area in the tumor as the factors. The results showed the rate for "correct" was significantly higher when the tumor had soft tissue mass (@*CONCLUSION@#The accuracy of percutaneous core needle biopsy for upper limb bone tumor with pathologic is high and acceptable. The biopsy chosen the soft tissue mass area can increase the accuracy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Bone Neoplasms , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fractures, Spontaneous , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Soft Tissue Neoplasms , Upper Extremity , Young Adult
2.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 438-440, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885236

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess clinical efficacy of micro-punch combined with electron beam radiation for the treatment of keloids on the lower jaw.Methods:Clinical data were collected from 36 patients with keloids on the lower jaw, who received micro-punch combined with electron beam radiation at Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University from January 2018 to January 2019, and analyzed retrospectively. There were 16 males and 20 females, with an average age of 23.80 years and a median disease duration of 32 months. The severity of keloids was evaluated before and 12 months after operation. A paired t test was used to compare keloid severity scores before and after treatment. Results:All of the 36 patients experienced primary wound healing. The keloid severity score was 7.11 ± 1.46 before operation, and significantly decreased to 2.33 ± 0.47 at 12 months after operation ( t=13.85, P=0.008) . Twelve months after the treatment, 15 patients were cured, 17 showed marked improvement, and 4 showed no response or experienced recurrence within 12 months after treatment, with a response rate of 88.89%. Conclusion:Micro-punch combined with electron beam radiation is effective for the treatment of keloids on the lower jaw.

3.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 289-293, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885214

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinicopathological characteristics of trauma-related melanoma and their relationship with the prognosis of patients.Methods:Clinical data were collected from 87 cases of trauma-related melanomas in Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University from 2009 to 2020, and their clinicopathological characteristics were retrospectively analyzed. Mann-Whitney test was used to analyze the difference in Breslow thickness of tumors between patients of different ages or genders; Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the time from trauma to the notice of melanoma and Breslow thickness, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Log-Rank test were employed to analyze the relationship between clinicopathological characteristics of melanoma and the prognosis of patients; Cox regression model was used to analyze risk factors for survival duration of patients with trauma-related melanoma.Results:Among the 87 patients with trauma-related melanoma, 47 (54.02%) were males and 40 (45.98%) were females. Among them, melanoma occurred in 50 (57.47%) cases after sharp injuries, and in 37 (42.53%) after blunt injuries. In addition, 31 (35.63%) cases presented with primary lesions on the hands, and 48 (55.17%) on the feet. The Breslow thickness of the primary tumors was significantly higher in the group aged > 55 years than in the group aged ≤ 55 years ( U= 623.500, P= 0.010) , but there was no significant difference between patients of different genders ( P= 0.138) . The time from trauma to the notice of melanoma was negatively correlated with the Breslow thickness of tumors ( r=-0.203, P= 0.037) . The age of patients, Breslow thickness of tumors, Ki67 proliferation index and genetic background of tumor significantly affect the survival duration of patients with trauma-related melanoma ( P= 0.011, 0.031, 0.002 and 0.031, respectively) ; the gender, type of trauma and ulceration of tumor mass did not significantly affect the survival duration of patients ( P= 0.618, 0.114 and 0.379, respectively) . Cox regression model analysis showed that the Ki67 proliferation index and Breslow thickness were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of trauma-related melanoma (risk ratio [ RR] and 95% confidence interval [ CI] were 1.946 (1.234, 4.217) and 1.839 (1.014, 3.332) , P= 0.039 and 0.045, respectively) . Conclusion:The Breslow thickness of trauma-related melanoma is related to the age of patients and time from trauma to the notice of melanoma; the age, Breslow thickness of tumors, Ki67 proliferation index and genetic background of tumor all affect the survival duration of patients with melanoma, and Ki67 proliferation index and Breslow thickness are independent risk factors affecting prognosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885079

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and outcome of novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19)patients with different body mass index (BMI), and to provide the basis for disease assessment and prognosis.Methods:The clinical data of 541 patients with COVID-19 diagnosed in Xiaogan Hospital Affiliated to Wuhan University of Science and Technology from January 16 to March 28, 2020 were collected. The patients were divided into normal weight group, overweight group, and obesity group according to BMI. The clinical characteristics and outcomes of the three groups were compared. The correlation between BMI and clinical classification was analyzed by ordinal logistic regression.Results:There were 288 cases (53.23%) in normal weight group, 193 cases (35.67%) in overweight group, and 60 cases (11.09%) in obesity group. Compared with normal weight group, overweight and obesity groups displayed higher proportion of hypertension, with increased levels of white blood cells, neutrophils, C reactive protein, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, and triglyceride in laboratory test results, and higher proportion of severe and critical illness ( P<0.05 or P<0.01). After adjusting for age, gender, and underlying diseases, regression analysis showed that higher BMI predicted more severe clinical classification ( OR=1.079, 95% CI 1.010-1.154). Conclusion:In COVID-19 patients, overweight and obese patients are more likely to develop into severe and critical illness, suggesting that obesity may be an important risk factor affecting the clinical outcome of COVID-19.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881059

ABSTRACT

Gualou-Xiebai-Banxia decoction has a long history of medical use for treating cardiovascular diseases in China. In this study, we investigated the protective effect and underlying mechanisms GXB in type II diabetes with acute myocardial ischemia (T2DM-AMI) rats. We hypothesized that GXB may display its protective effect on T2DM-AMI by reducing endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) apoptosisviaactivating PI3K (phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase)/Akt (serine/threonine protein kinase B)/eNOS (endothelial nitric oxide synthase) signaling. Rats were challenged with a high-fat diet and intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin to induce a model of type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and coronary ligation to induce acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Changes in metabolites were assessed via enzyme-linked immunoassay and biochemical examination. The number and apoptosis rate of EPCs in peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometry. Target mRNAs and proteins in EPCs were analyzed by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. The results demonstrated that GXB treatment decreased T2DM-AMI-associated changes in plasma fasting blood glucose, muscular enzymes, and blood lipids, and reduced oxidative stress. Furthermore, EPC apoptosis was increased in T2DM-AMI rats and was associated with decreased mRNA and protein levels of PI3K, Akt, and eNOS compared to the controls. Conversely, T2DM-AMI rats treated with GXB exhibited more circulating EPCs and downregulated levels of cell apoptosis, combined with increased mRNA and protein levels of PI3K, Akt, and eNOS compared to those of untreated T2DM-AMI rats. Our study showed that GXB treatment mitigated EPC apoptosis and promoted PI3K/Akt/eNOS signaling in T2DM-AMI rats.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921355

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to present a major challenge to public health. Vaccine development requires an understanding of the kinetics of neutralizing antibody (NAb) responses to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).@*Methods@#In total, 605 serum samples from 125 COVID-19 patients (from January 1 to March 14, 2020) varying in age, sex, severity of symptoms, and presence of underlying diseases were collected, and antibody titers were measured using a micro-neutralization assay with wild-type SARS-CoV-2.@*Results@#NAbs were detectable approximately 10 days post-onset (dpo) of symptoms and peaked at approximately 20 dpo. The NAb levels were slightly higher in young males and severe cases, while no significant difference was observed for the other classifications. In follow-up cases, the NAb titer had increased or stabilized in 18 cases, whereas it had decreased in 26 cases, and in one case NAbs were undetectable at the end of our observation. Although a decreasing trend in NAb titer was observed in many cases, the NAb level was generally still protective.@*Conclusion@#We demonstrated that NAb levels vary among all categories of COVID-19 patients. Long-term studies are needed to determine the longevity and protective efficiency of NAbs induced by SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Neutralizing/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , COVID-19/immunology , Female , Humans , Kinetics , Male , Middle Aged , Neutralization Tests , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2597-2602, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921209

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data can be fused to identify the tumor boundaries. This enables surgeons to set close but tumor-free surgical margins and excise the tumor more precisely. This study aimed to report our experience in performing computer navigation-aided joint-preserving resection and custom-made endoprosthesis reconstruction to treat bone sarcoma in the diaphysis and metaphysis of the femur and tibia.@*METHODS@#Between September 2008 and December 2015, 24 patients with bone sarcomas underwent surgical resection and joint-sparing reconstruction under image-guided computer navigation. The cohort comprised 16 males and eight females with a median age of 19.5 years (range: 12-48 years). The tumor location was the femoral diaphysis in three patients, distal femur in 19, and proximal tibia in two. The tumors were osteosarcoma (n = 15), chondrosarcoma (n = 3), Ewing sarcoma (n = 3), and other sarcomas (n = 3). We created a pre-operative plan for each patient using navigation system software and performed navigation-aided resection before reconstructing the defect with a custom-made prosthesis with extracortical plate fixation.@*RESULTS@#Pathological examination verified that all resected specimens had appropriate surgical margins. The median distance from the tumor resection margin to the joint was 30 mm (range: 13-80 mm). The median follow-up duration was 62.5 months (range: 24-134 months). Of the 24 patients, 21 remain disease free, one is alive with disease, and two died of the disease. One patient developed local recurrence. Complications requiring additional surgical procedures occurred in six patients, including one with wound hematoma, one with delayed wound healing, one with superficial infection, one with deep infection, and two with mechanical failure of the prosthesis. The mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society score at the final follow-up was 91% (range: 80%-100%). The 5- and 10-year implant survival rates were 91.3% and 79.9%, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Computer navigation-aided joint-preserving resection and custom-made endoprosthesis reconstruction with extracortical plate fixation is a reliable surgical treatment option for bone sarcoma in the diaphysis and metaphysis of the femur and tibia.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Computers , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Osteosarcoma , Prostheses and Implants , Sarcoma , Young Adult
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905982

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint and multi-component determination for the substance benchmark of Yiweitang, and to evaluate its quality in combination with chemical pattern recognition method. Method:Fifteen batches of substance benchmark of Yiweitang were prepared, the "Chinese medicine chromatographic fingerprint similarity evaluation system" (2012 edition) was used to calculate similarity. Cluster analysis, principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis were employed to handle the common peaks for evaluating the quality difference among 15 batches of the substance benchmark. The contents of catalpol, verbascoside and methylophiopogonanone A were determined with mobile phase system of acetonitrile-phosphoric acid solution at detection wavelengths of 210 nm and 334 nm. Result:There were 22 common peaks in HPLC fingerprint of the substance benchmark, among them, peaks 1, 9, 12, 14-17, 19 and 20 belonged to Rehmanniae Radix, peaks 3, 4, 6, 7 and 21 belonged to Glehniae Radix, peaks 5 and 22 belonged to Ophiopogonis Radix, peaks 2 and 18 belonged to Polygonati Odorati Rhiaoma, peak 8 was the common peak of Ophiopogonis Radix and Rehmanniae Radix, peak 10 was shared by Ophiopogonis Radix, Polygonati Odorati Rhiaoma<italic> </italic>and<italic> </italic>Rehmanniae Radix, peak 11 was the common peak of these four herbs, and peak 13 was shared by Polygonati Odorati Rhiaoma and Rehmanniae Radix. The similarities between HPLC fingerprints of 15 batches of the substance benchmark and the control fingerprint were all >0.90, the samples could be divided into four categories by three chemical pattern recognition methods. Quantitative analysis showed that the contents of catalpol, verbascoside and methylophiopogonanone A among 15 batches of samples ranged from 0.37% to 1.14%, 0.002% to 0.054% and 0.016% to 0.079%, respectively. Conclusion:The established fingerprint and determination for the substance benchmark of Yiweitang have good separation and high accuracy, which reflect the overall chemical composition characteristics of Yiweitang, and can provide experimental basis for the further development and quality control of the compound preparations of this famous classical formula.

9.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 777-784, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911520

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore surgical treatment strategies and prognosis of early-stage nail apparatus melanoma.Methods:A total of 115 patients with early-stage nail apparatus melanoma receiving surgical treatment were collected from Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University from July 2011 to December 2019, and surgical treatment strategies and outcomes were analyzed retrospectively.Results:According to the modified ABCDEF criteria and clinical manifestations (such as deformation of the nail plate, ulcers, nodules) , 73 patients with early-stage nail apparatus melanoma received extended surgical resection based on the resection principles of melanoma in situ, 22 based on the resection principles of stage I and II melanoma, 20 based on the resection principles of stage I and II melanoma with invasion risks. During the follow-up period of 6 months to 9 years, there was no recurrence of the primary tumors in any patients; no abnormalities were observed by the ultrasound examination of lymph nodes in 101 patients; metastases occurred in 2 patients receiving finger amputation, 1 of whom died; 12 patients were lost to follow-up. Conclusion:To select extended surgical resection strategies for early-stage nail apparatus melanoma based on clinical manifestations, can ensure adequate treatment and preserve the normal function of the extremities to the greatest extent without recurrence of the primary tumors.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 527-529, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911484

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare clinical efficacy and safety of microwave thermotherapy versus microneedling in the treatment of axillary bromhidrosis.Methods:From May 2018 to March 2019, 116 patients with different degrees of axillary bromhidrosis were collected from Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, including 56 treated with microwave thermotherapy by using a miraDry device, and 60 treated with microneedling by using a BodyTite device. These patients were followed up for 12 months after treatment, and clinical efficacy, complications and recurrence rate were evaluated.Results:After 12 months of follow-up, no significant difference in the response and recurrence rates were observed between the microwave group (94.64%[53 cases], 5.36%[3 cases], respectively) and microneedling group (93.33%[56 cases], 6.67%[4 cases], respectively; both χ2=0.088, P=0.767) . However, the incidence of postoperative complications was significantly lower in the microwave group (0) than in the microneedling group (6.67%, including 2 cases of skin burns and 2 cases of scars; χ2=3.867, P=0.049) . Conclusion:In the treatment of axillary bromhidrosis, microwave thermotherapy showed equivalent clinical efficacy with lower incidence of complications compared with microneedling.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862710

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::Evaluate the effects of Danhong injection for perioperative percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on cardiac function and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). <b>Method::Computer retrieving CNKI, Wanfang database, VIP database, PubMed, CBM, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, gathering Danhong injection in percutaneous coronary intervention perioperative application in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction clinic trials. The Cochrane risk evaluation is adopted to improve the quality of literature evaluation, with Revman 5.3 software for Meta-analysis. <b>Result::Participants included in 12 clinic trials contains a total of 1 131 patients, including 569 patients in Danhong treatment and 562 patients in control group. The results showed that compared with conventional treatment, Danhong injection treated patients had LVEF increased obviously [mean difference (MD)=6.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) (4.91, 8.34), <italic>P</italic><0.000 01], the number of TIMI class 3 patients significantly increased[relative risk (RR)=0.22, 95%CI(0.12, 0.41), <italic>P</italic><0.000 01], and BNP levels significantly decreased [MD=151.86, 95%CI (-247.00, -56.72), <italic>P</italic>=0.002]. <b>Conclusion::Danhong injection can improve the function of acute myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870219

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare clinical efficacy and safety of microwave therapy versus suction -curettage through small incisions in the treatment of axillary osmidrosis.Methods Totally,60 patients with axillary osmidrosis were enrolled from Department of Dermatology,Xijing Hospital,Fourth Military Medical University from January 2017 to February 2018.Every patient received miraDry microwave therapy on the left axillary (microwave therapy group) and suction-curettage through small incisions on the right axillary (suction-curettage group),and operation duration was recorded.After follow-up of half a year,clinical efficacy and complications were compared between the two groups.Results After 6-month follow-up,no significant differences were observed in the response rate or recurrence rate between the microwave therapy group (93.33%[56/60],6.67%[4/60] respectively) and suction-curettage group (96.67% [58/60],3.33% [2/60] respectively;both P > 0.05).However,the incidence rate of postoperative complications was significantly lower in the microwave therapy group (0) than in the suction-curettage group (6.67% [4/60],x2 =4.138,P =0.042).Conclusion Compared with suction-curettage through small incisions,microwave therapy has advantages of being non-invasive and less postoperative complications.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868777

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the role of Th17 cells proportions and the cytokines levels in the diagnosis and treatment of acute pancreatitis (AP).Methods Patients with AP (n =82) treated in our hospital between August 2017 and August 2018 were divided into the mild AP group (MAP,n =36),the moderately severe AP group (MSAP,n =26) and the severe AP group (SAP,n =20).Twenty-five healthy subjects were chosen as the control group.The proportions of Th17 cells and the levels of cytokines including IL-17,IL-21,IL-22 and IL-23 in peripheral blood from the four groups were analyzed.The APACHE Ⅱ and Ranson scores were used to evaluate the illness severity.Spearman correlation analysis was conducted to detect the correlation between the Th17 cells,cytokines,and inflammatory factor,APACHE Ⅱ and Ranson scores.Results Compared with the control group,the proportion of Th17 cells and the levels of IL-17,IL-21,IL-22 and IL-23 in the peripheral blood of MAP,MSAP and SAP groups were significantly increased (SAP > MSAP > MAP,P < 0.05).The levels of inflammatory cytokines IL-6,IL-8 and TNF-α,and the scores of APACHE Ⅱ and Ranson in the SAP group were significantly higher than those in the MSAP group and MAP group (P < 0.05).The proportion of Th17 cells and their cytokine levels were positively correlated with IL-6,IL-8,TNF-o,APACHE Ⅱ and Ranson scores.The levels of Th17 cytokines returned to normal in AP patients after treatment.Conclusion Th17 cells and the cytokines have certain clinical significance in evaluating early inflammatory response,severity of illness,and therapeutic effect in AP patients.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798965

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare clinical efficacy and safety of microwave therapy versus suction-curettage through small incisions in the treatment of axillary osmidrosis.@*Methods@#Totally, 60 patients with axillary osmidrosis were enrolled from Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University from January 2017 to February 2018. Every patient received miraDry microwave therapy on the left axillary (microwave therapy group) and suction-curettage through small incisions on the right axillary (suction-curettage group) , and operation duration was recorded. After follow-up of half a year, clinical efficacy and complications were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#After 6-month follow-up, no significant differences were observed in the response rate or recurrence rate between the microwave therapy group (93.33%[56/60], 6.67%[4/60] respectively) and suction-curettage group (96.67% [58/60], 3.33% [2/60] respectively; both P > 0.05) . However, the incidence rate of postoperative complications was significantly lower in the microwave therapy group (0) than in the suction-curettage group (6.67% [4/60], χ2 = 4.138, P = 0.042) .@*Conclusion@#Compared with suction-curettage through small incisions, microwave therapy has advantages of being non-invasive and less postoperative complications.

15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1949-1954, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781513

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes of mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW) and platelet associated antibodies (PAIg) in children with acute immune thrombocytopenic purpura (aITP), and to explore the diagnostic value of MPV, PDW, PAIg and their combination for megakaryocyte dysmaturity in aITP children.@*METHODS@#Plt count, MPV and PDW of 36 aITP children were measured by using Sysmex XN automatic blood cell analyzer, and 33 children with acquired thrombocytopenic purpura (ATP) without megakaryocyte dysmaturity. The expression of PAIg was detected by flow cytometry, and the number and classification of megakaryocytes in the bone marrow were performed by marrow cytology. The diagnostic significances of MPV, PDW, PAIg and their combination as well as the sensitivity and specificity for megakaryocytes dysmaturity in aITP were assessed through calculating the area under ROC curve (AUC), after determining the influence of each parameters on the megakaryocyte dysmaturity by Logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#MPV, PDW and PAIg of aITP children were significantly higher than those of the ATP children (P<0.05), while the Plt count and number of thromocytogenic megakaryocytes per area (1.5 cm×3 cm) were less than those of the controls (P<0.05). Count of RBC and WBC, percentages of neutrophil granulocytes and lymphocydes in aITP were similar to those in the controls(P>0.05). The results of Logistic regression showed that Plt count, MPV, PDW and PAIg were the factors influencing megakaryocyte dysmaturity in aITP children, and the regression model has a high statistical significance (χ=65.491,P=0.001) and r square (R=0.713). The AUC of the combined detection of Plt count, MPV, PDW and PAIg was 0.863, which was much higher than that of Plt count, MPV, PDW, PAIg individually or in pairs. The sensitivity and specificity of the combined detection were 79.167% and 89.697%, which were higher than those of Plt count, MPV, PDW, PAIg individually or in pairs.@*CONCLUSION@#The diagnostic significance of MPV and PDW for megakaryocyte dysmaturity in aITP are insufficient, but the diagnostic efficacy can be improved by combined examination with PAIg.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Blood Platelets , Child , Humans , Mean Platelet Volume , Megakaryocytes , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Diagnosis
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1959-1964, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774680

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Nickel-induced allergic contact dermatitis (Ni-ACD) is a global health problem. More detailed knowledge on the skin uptake of haptens is required. This study aimed to investigate the penetration process and distribution of nickel in skin tissues with late phase and early phase of Ni-ACD to understand the mechanisms of metal allergy.@*METHODS@#Forty Hartley guinea pigs were divided into four groups according to the NiSO4 sensitizing concentration and the NiSO4 challenged concentration: the 5% NiSO4-group, 5% to 10% (sensitization-challenge; late phase group); 10% NiSO4-group, 10% to 10% (sensitization-challenge; early-phase group); and the positive and negative controls. Pathological biopsies were performed on each group. The depth profile of nickel element concentration in the skin of guinea pigs was detected by synchrotron radiation micro X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (SR-μ-XRF) and micro X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (μ-XANES).@*RESULTS@#In each section, the nickel element concentration in both the 5% NiSO4-group and 10% NiSO4-group was significantly higher than that in the negative control group. In the upper 300-μm section of skin for the early phase group, the nickel element concentration was significantly higher than that in the lower section of skin. In deeper sections (>200 μm) of skin, the concentration of nickel in the early phase group was approximately equal to that in the late phase group. The curve of the late phase group was flat, which means that the nickel element concentration was distributed uniformly by SR-μ-XRF. According to the XANES data for the 10% NiSO4 metal salt solution, structural changes occurred in the skin model sample, indicating that nickel was not present in the Ni aqueous ionic state but in the nickel-binding protein.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study showed that the distribution of the nickel element concentration in ACD skin tissue was different between the early phase and late phase groups. The nickel element was not present in the Ni aqueous ionic state but bound with certain proteins to form a complex in the stratum corneum in ACD model tissue.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756550

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of radiofrequency lipolysis combined with line-ar lifting in fine lipolysis ,facial rejuvenation and treatment of common complications .Methods From February 2016 to October 2018 ,237 patients were treated by radiofrequency lipolysis combined with linear lifting .According to the patient's face shape ,skin laxity and fat accumulation ,the thickness of fat was measured by B-mode ultrasonography before operation ,and the operative plan was formulated after sufficient communication with the patients .Then ,we marked the range of lipolysis ,the orienta-tion of serrated line and the position of puncture point ,followed by the adjustment of the treatment parameters .Subsequently ,we placed FaceTite handle after swelling anesthesia ,moving slowly and fixing the treatment point ,as well as monitoring the temperature and swelling status of the skin .Im-mediately after the completion of lipolysis ,the treatment area of skin was ice compressed ,with the trocar needles inserted and serrated lines introduced for linear lifting operation .Neck-jaw sleeves were put on after operation .Results 237 patients had different degrees of post-operative edema ,of which the period ranged from 2 to 7 days .168 patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months ,and 8 patients had subcutaneous sclerosis that then gradually disappeared within 2 months after operation .Folliculitis occurred in 5 cases of scalp puncture ,and recovered after topical antibiotics .Facial skin relaxation and sagging ,fat accumulation ,facial shape ,pouch and wrinkles of 160 patients were improved in varying degrees ,and the outcomes of facial rejuvenation were obvious .However ,the self-reported treatment outcomes of 7 patients were not obvious .One patient was reported that the sagging of the skin after sacrificial lipolysis was worse than before ;48 patients underwent autologous fat transplantation ,botu-linum toxin injection ,hot pull ,E-light ,and water-light injection during the follow-up period ,and were not included in the evaluation of efficacy ;21 patients were lost to follow-up .Conclusions Radio-frequency lipolysis combined with linear lifting is an effective method for facial rejuvenation ,and it has obvious effect in fining lipolysis and facial rejuvenation by avoiding the disadvantage of single approach . Post-operative edema should be controlled and avoided to improve patients'satisfaction .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755564

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of mitochondrial calcium uniporter ( MCU) in mitoph-agy in SH-SY5Y cells subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation and restoration (OGD∕R). Methods SH-SY5Y cells were cultured in vitro, seeded in 96-well plates at a density of 2×105cells∕ml, and randomly di-vided into 4 groups (n=6 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), group OGD∕R, OGD∕R plus MCU inhibitor group ( group OGD∕R + Ru360) and MCU inhibitor group ( group Ru360) . Cells were cultured in normal culture medium in group C. Cells were subjected to O2-glucose dep-rivation for 6 h followed by restoration of O2-glucose supply for 24 h in group OGD∕R. In group OGD∕R+Ru360, Ru360 at a final concentration of 10 μmol∕L was added at 30 min before O2-glucose deprivation, and the other treatments were similar to those previously described in group OGD∕R. Ru360 was added at a final concentration of 10 μmol∕L, and 30 min later cells were cultured under normoxic conditions in group Ru360. At 24 h of restoration of O2-glucose supply, cell counting kit-8 assay was used to detect the cell survival rate, JC-1 assay was used to detect mitochondrial membrane potential ( MMP ) , the ultrastructure of cells was observed with a transmission electron microscope, and the expression of p62, Tom20 and Bec-lin-1 was detected by Western blot. Results Compared with group C, no significant change was found in each parameter in group Ru360 ( P>0. 05) , the cell survival rate and MMP were significantly decreased, the expression of Tom20 and p62 was down-regulated, Beclin-1 expression was up-regulated (P<0. 01), the mitochondria swelled, and mitochondrial autophagosomes were increased in group OGD∕R. Compared with group OGD∕R, the cell survival rate and MMP were significantly increased, the expression of Tom20 and p62 was up-regulated, Beclin-1 expression was down-regulated (P<0. 01), the mitochondrial mor-phology kept well, and mitochondrial autophagosomes were decreased. Conclusion MCU is involved in the process of mitophagy in SH-SY5Y cells subjected to OGD∕R.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744570

ABSTRACT

Urodynamics is able to reproduce the patient's lower urinary tract symptoms and to explain patient's bladder problems objectively. Currently, the most commonly used urodynamic manometry catheter is water filled catherters, which is widely recognized due to its economic and healthy advantages. However, air bubbles and patient's activities can affect the quality and speed of signal transduction, interfering the explanation of the pressure results. The air-filled catheters are easy to operate, and the measures are unaffected by air bubbles and patient's activities, which have gradually begun to be used in urodynamic study in some areas. However, there are several differences between them in terms of fluid mechanics principle, zero set and detailed operations which directly and indirectly lead to the different pressure results. The researches on air-filled catheters at home and abroad are still not perfect. This article gave a detailed comparison between them based on the present studies from the following aspects: the essential structure, the developing history, the fluid mechanics principle, the zero pressure point setting, the frequency response, the cystometrogram, the urethral pressure profile, the conversion algorithm, and the urinary tract infection after the investigation, etc.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1959-1964, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802777

ABSTRACT

Background@#Nickel-induced allergic contact dermatitis (Ni-ACD) is a global health problem. More detailed knowledge on the skin uptake of haptens is required. This study aimed to investigate the penetration process and distribution of nickel in skin tissues with late phase and early phase of Ni-ACD to understand the mechanisms of metal allergy.@*Methods@#Forty Hartley guinea pigs were divided into four groups according to the NiSO4 sensitizing concentration and the NiSO4 challenged concentration: the 5% NiSO4-group, 5% to 10% (sensitization-challenge; late phase group); 10% NiSO4-group, 10% to 10% (sensitization-challenge; early-phase group); and the positive and negative controls. Pathological biopsies were performed on each group. The depth profile of nickel element concentration in the skin of guinea pigs was detected by synchrotron radiation micro X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (SR-μ-XRF) and micro X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (μ-XANES).@*Results@#In each section, the nickel element concentration in both the 5% NiSO4-group and 10% NiSO4-group was significantly higher than that in the negative control group. In the upper 300-μm section of skin for the early phase group, the nickel element concentration was significantly higher than that in the lower section of skin. In deeper sections (<200 μm) of skin, the concentration of nickel in the early phase group was approximately equal to that in the late phase group. The curve of the late phase group was flat, which means that the nickel element concentration was distributed uniformly by SR-μ-XRF. According to the XANES data for the 10% NiSO4 metal salt solution, structural changes occurred in the skin model sample, indicating that nickel was not present in the Ni2+ aqueous ionic state but in the nickel-binding protein.@*Conclusions@#This study showed that the distribution of the nickel element concentration in ACD skin tissue was different between the early phase and late phase groups. The nickel element was not present in the Ni2+ aqueous ionic state but bound with certain proteins to form a complex in the stratum corneum in ACD model tissue.

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