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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1452-1458, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924743

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of isorhyncophylline on hippocampal endogenous metabolites in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) by 1H NMR metabolomics and molecular docking. Twelve SHR were randomly divided into a model group and a treatment group. Six Wistar-Kyoto rats were selected as a control group. The rats in the treatment group were administered isorhyncophylline (0.3 mg·kg-1) while the rats in the other two groups were treated with the same amount of sterilized saline solution. Animal experiment was authorized by the Ethics Committee of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. SDUTCM20210721002). Hippocampal tissues were removed after administration for 8 weeks and assayed by 1H NMR based metabolomics technology combined with a pattern recognition method to find characteristic metabolites, and the metabolic targets were retrieved from the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes database. Molecular docking technology was used to evaluate binding of isorhyncophylline to the core targets. The results of a principal components analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) showed a clear cluster of samples among three groups. There were seven differentially altered metabolites, and glucose metabolism and glutamate metabolism were the principal related pathways. Molecular docking indicated that isorhyncophylline had good binding properties with nine key candidate target proteins. According to the above research results, isorhyncophylline can influence energy metabolism and glutamate metabolism in the hippocampus.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 333-337, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923099

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore relationship between screen time and myopia in children aged 11-14 years in China.@*Methods@#The data were extracted from "National Nutrition and Health Systematic Survey and Application for 0-18 Years Old Children". A total of 12 397 children aged 11-14 years old from 14 provinces and 28 districts/counties in seven regions of China were surveyed by using multi stage stratified random sampling method. Daily screen time and visual acuity information were collected through a questionnaire.@*Results@#The myopia rate of 11-14 years old children in China was 45.0%, among which the rate of girls was higher than that of boys, and the rate of urban was higher than that of rural, and it increased with age ( χ 2=178.82,79.25, 495.96 , P <0.01). The daily screen time median of 12 397 children was 40.0 minutes, with boys(40.0 min) longer than girls( 35.0 min ) and urban children(40 min) longer than rural children(33.0 min) ( χ 2=20.86,102.68, P <0.01). The myopia rate of boys ( 42.5 %) with daily screen time greater than or equal to 60 minutes was higher than that of boys (36.4%) with daily screen time less than 60 minutes, and the myopia rate of girls (55.6%) with daily screen time greater than or equal to 60 minutes was higher than that of girls (48.0%)( χ 2=23.62,34.15, P <0.01). After adjusting for age, gender, region, time of medium and high intensity physical activity, intake of sugary food and sugary beverages, daily sleep time, multivariable Logistic regression model showed that girls with daily screen time greater than or equal to 60 minutes ( OR=1.14, 95%CI =1.03-1.27) had a higher risk of myopia than those with less than 60 minutes. After adjusting for confounding factors, there was no correlation between daily screen time and the degree of myopia in boys or girls( P >0.05).@*Conclusion@#Daily screen time greater than or equal to 60 minutes may be a risk factor for myopia in girls aged 11 to 14 years old. Given the complexity of the factors that affect vision, researches are needed to examine the relationship between screen time and myopia.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 757-764, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878064

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become the third-leading cause of death worldwide, which is a severe economic burden to the healthcare system. Chronic bronchitis is the most common condition that contributes to COPD, both locally and systemically. Neutrophilic inflammation predominates in the COPD airway wall and lumen. Logically, repression of neutrophilia is an essential fashion to COPD treatment. However, currently available anti-neutrophilic therapies provide little benefit in COPD patients and may have serious side effects. Thus, there is an urgent need to explore an effective and safe anti-neutrophilic approach that might delay progression of the disease. Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin (Siglec)-9 is a member of the Siglec cell surface immunoglobulin family. It is noteworthy that Siglec-9 is highly expressed on human neutrophils and monocytes. Ligation of Siglec-9 by chemical compounds or synthetic ligands induced apoptosis and autophagic-like cell death in human neutrophils. Furthermore, administration of antibody to Siglec-E, mouse functional ortholog of Siglec-9, restrained recruitment and activation of neutrophils in mouse models of airway inflammation in vivo. Given the critical role that neutrophils play in chronic bronchitis and emphysema, targeting Siglec-9 could be beneficial for the treatment of COPD, asthma, fibrosis, and related chronic inflammatory lung diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Asthma , Humans , Lung , Mice , N-Acetylneuraminic Acid , Neutrophils , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Sialic Acid Binding Immunoglobulin-like Lectins
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of cephalosporin combined with morinidazole in the prevention of surgical site infection (SSI) for gastrointestinal fistula.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 107 patients with gastrointestinal fistula who undergoing selective digestive tract reconstruction surgery in General Hospital of Eastern Theater Command from January to December 2017 were collected. There were 76 males and 31 females, aged from 18 to 79 years, with a median age of 46 years. Of 107 patients, 43 cases receiving cephalosporin for prevention of SSI were allocated into cephalosporin monotherapy group, 64 cases receiving cephalosporin combined with morinidazole were allocated into combination therapy group, respectively. Observation indicators: (1) incidence of SSI; (2) stratification; (3) pathogen culture results of SSI; (4) adverse drug reaction; (5) follow-up. Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect other complications of patients. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Results:(1) Incidence of SSI: 29 of 107 patients had postoperative SSI, including 15 cases with superficial SSI, 7 cases with deep SSI, and 7 cases with organ/space SSI. There were 18 cases of cephalosporin monotherapy group with SSI, including 7 cases with superficial SSI, 5 cases with deep SSI, and 6 cases with organ/space SSI. The above indicators were 11, 8, 2, 1 of combination therapy group, respectively. There was a significant difference in the overall SSI between the two groups ( χ2=7.925, P<0.05). There was also a significant difference in the organ/space SSI between the two groups ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the superficial SSI between the two groups ( χ2=0.305, P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the deep SSI between the two groups ( P>0.05). (2) Stratification: there were 10 cases and 33 cases with type Ⅱ incision and type Ⅲ incision in the 43 cases of cephalosporin monotherapy therapy group, respectively. The above indicators were 11 and 53 in the combination group, respectively. For the type Ⅱ incision, 1 patient of cephalosporin monotherapy group had SSI, and 2 cases of combination therapy group had SSI, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). For the type Ⅲ incision, 17 patient of cephalosporin monotherapy group had SSI, and 9 cases of combina-tion therapy group had SSI, showing a significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=11.499, P<0.05). (3) Pathogen culture results of SSI: of 29 patients with SSI, 21 were positive for bacterial culture, including 12 cases with single bacterial infection, 9 cases with mixed infection of multi-bacteria. A total of 33 strains were cultured. (4) Adverse drug reaction: there was no adverse drug reaction in the 107 patients. (5) Follow-up: 107 patients were followed up for 30 days after surgery. No complication occurred in the 107 patients. Conclusion:Cephalosporin combined with morini-dazole can be used to prevent the SSI for patients with gastrointestinal fistula.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912642

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical method and clinical outcome of using nasal septal cartilage combined with auricular cartilage for management of nasal tip shape.Methods:A clinical study was conducted from April 2014 to June 2019, in which we managed nasal tip shape with nasal septal cartilage and auricular cartilage, and these materials were used as septal extension graft, spreader graft and cap graft. In total, 622 patients (28 males, 594 females; age from 18 to 42 years, mean age 27.47 years) were assessed for eligibility.Results:The follow-up period was from 6 months to 6 years. Nasal shape of all 622 patients was improved significantly after the operation. The nasal tip was natural and round, and there were no complications such as damage of nasal septum mucosa, exposure of prosthesis and infection of surgical site. Only 12 patients were found downward rotation of nasal tip, and 610 patients achieved satisfactory aesthetic results.Conclusions:Using septal cartilage combined with auricular cartilage is a safe, effective and suitable method for management of nasal tip shape.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911584

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of lymphatic fistula after radical gastric cancer operation.Methods:We retrospectively analyze the clinicopathological data of gastric cancer patients who underwent radical surgery from May, 2019 to May, 2020 at the Third Department of Surgery, Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, and analyze the risk factors impacting postoperative lymphatic leakage,for the establishment of the risk prediction scoring model.Results:A total of 487 patients with gastric cancer underwent radical gastrectomy, of which 32 patients (6.6%) had lymphatic leakage . Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that hypoproteinemia before surgery (95% CI: 1.222-7.357, P=0.016), the lesion is located in the cardia-fundus of the stomach (95% CI: 1.117-6.788, P=0.028),stage T3-T4 (95% CI: 1.149-25.676, P=0.033), operation time ≥4 h (95% CI: 1.469-11.480, P=0.007), combined organ resection (95% CI: 1.106-12.886, P=0.034), D2+ lymph node dissection (95% CI: 1.969-11.510, P=0.001), anemia (95% CI: 1.271-9.392, P=0.015) were an independent risk factors. Equation based on multi-factor Logistic regression: logit( P)=-9.624+1.098×X 1+1.013×X 2+1.692×X 3+1.413×X 4+1.328×X 5+1.560×X 6+1.240×X 7 was estaslished, using Hosmer. Lemeshow test detects the goodness of fit of the regression equation ( P=0.348). The area under the ROC curve was 0.856 (95% CI: 0.787-0.926, P<0.001); the probability of lymphatic leakage when scores ≥4 points was 14.1%, when scores <4 points ,the probability of leakage was 2.5%. Conclusion:A risk prediction scoring model for lymphatic leakage after radical gastrectomy, can identify patients with high risk after surgery

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 970-973, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of early enteral nutrition in patients with severe traumatic brain injury requiring exploratory abdominal surgery.Methods:The clinical data of 104 patients with severe traumatic brain injury requiring exploratory abdominal surgery treated in the PLA Army 72th Group Military Hospital from January 2016 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 47 patients were given early enteral nutrition (24-48 hr) as the observation group, and 57 patients were given delayed enteral nutrition (>48 hr), as the control group. The levels of hemoglobin, albumin, prealbumin, total bilirubin, alanine transaminase, C-reactive protein, white blood cells, postoperative infectious complications and clinical outcomes were compared between the two groups on the 1st, 7th and 14th days after surgery.Results:On the 14th day after operation, the prealbumin level of the observation group was higher than that of the control group, and the leukocyte level of the observation group was lower than that of the control group, with statistical significance ( P=0.020, P=0.013). The hospital stay and hospitalization costs of the observation group were lower than those of the control group ( P=0.017, P=0.032). The incidence of pulmonary infection in the observation group was 10.6%, which was lower than 29.8% in the control group ( P=0.017). Conclusions:Early postoperative enteral nutrition in patients with severe traumatic brain injury requiring exploratory abdominal surgery can significantly improve the nutritional status of patients, reduce the incidence of pulmonary infection, the hospital stay and the hospitalization cost.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879849

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the role and mechanism of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) in mouse neuronal development.@*METHODS@#The mice with Synapsin1-Cre recombinase were bred with @*RESULTS@#The mice with @*CONCLUSIONS@#Deletion of


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Histone Deacetylase 1/genetics , Histone Deacetylase 2 , Histone Deacetylases/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , Mice , Neurons/metabolism , Signal Transduction
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846274

ABSTRACT

Objective: To make a distinction between Ludisia discolor and its relatives genus in molecular level, SCoT markers were employed to assess the genetic relationship and construct the DNA fingerprint. Methods: Orthogonal design method were carried out to optimize the suitable SCoT-PCR reaction system based on five factors. The optimum annealing temperature and SCoT primers were also screened. The 12 germplasm resources were used as materials, the screened primers were selected to analyze the genetic relationship of 12 materials. POPGENE was used to calculate the genetic diversity, NTSYS was performed to analyze cluster, and DNA map was constructed. Results: The optimized SCoT-PCR reaction system was constructed and a total of 12 rich bands were screened out as the primers of SCoT molecular marker with polymorphism ratio of 98.98%. According to Nei's genetic similarity coefficient, a total of 12 materials were divided into three cluster when coefficient was 0.45. Goodyera schlechtendaliana was in category I with seven L. discolor lines, indicating that these samples had close relationship. In category II, there were three samples came from Anoectochilus roxburghii. Moreover, a green L. discolor sample was alone clustered into category III. The DNA fingerprint map by the SC8 primer could identify the 12 materials. Conclusion: There are rich genetic diversities in 12 samples of L. discolor and its relatives genus, and the construction of DNA fingerprint map provides a theoretical basis for the identification of L. discolor and its relatives genus, which were tested in this study.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870529

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate multislices helical CT (MSCT) on the efficacy and prognosis of preoperative treatment for locally advanced gastric stromal tumors(GIST).Methods:From Oct 2012 to Oct 2014 at the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University 30 patients received MSCT before and after preoperative imatinib treatment to measure the changes of the GIST longest diameter, CT value and tumor volume of the primary lesion. The correlation of Choi score, tumor volume reduction rate and histological efficacy evaluation were analyzed. ROC curve was drew. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves, and the overall survival rates under the new classification were calculated.Results:The median time for preoperative treatment was 8 (4 to 14) months. Postoperative pathology showed 4 cases (13%) with mild effects and 3 cases (10%) with low effects. Seventeen cases (57%) with moderate effect and 6 cases (20%) with high effect. Choi score was moderately correlated with histological efficacy evaluation ( R=0.512, P<0.05), and tumor volume reduction rate was strongly correlated with histological efficacy evaluation results ( R=0.620, P<0.05). When the tumor volume reduction rate of 45.83% was used as the effective threshold, the AUC under the ROC curve was the largest, and the sensitivity and specificity were 87.0% and 85.7%, respectively. The 5-year overall survival rate of 30 patients was 87%. According to the new volume grading standard, the 5-year survival rates of the effective group and the ineffective group were 95% and 67% ( P<0.05) , respectively . Conclusion:MSCT measurement of Choi score and tumor volume reduction rate can evaluate the efficacy of preoperative treatment in patients with locally advanced GIST, and tumor volume measurement standards also have certain value in prognosis perdiction.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870500

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the exfoliative value of multi-slice CT (MSCT) on conversion therapy of gastric cancer patients with positive evaluation cytology (P 0CY 1) . Methods:A total of 36 P 0CY 1 gastric cancer patients receiving conversion therapy in a prospective, single-center, phase Ⅱ clinical trial were enrolled. MSCT examinations were performed before and after conversion therapy. Its solid tumor efficacy evaluation criteria (response evaluation criteria in solid tumors, Recist) 1.1 score and tumor volume reduction rate were evaluated. The Spearman correlation test was used to analyze the correlation between Recist 1.1 score and tumor volume reduction rate and the results of conversion therapy. The ROC curve was used to determine the defined value of the volume reduction rate to identify the effectiveness of conversion therapy, and formulate new grading standards. Results:According to the conversion of free cancer cells in the abdominal cavity , 15 of 36 patients had successful conversion therapy and 21 had failed. The rate of tumor volume reduction in the successful and failed conversion groups was 44.38%±37.86% and -54.96%±156.92%, respectively( P=0.016). The Recist 1.1 score was moderate correlated with the results of conversion therapy ( R=0.540, P=0.001), and the rate of tumor volume reduction was significantly correlated with the results of conversion therapy ( R=0.657, P<0.001). When the tumor volume reduction rate of 26.27% was used as the effective threshold for evaluating conversion therapy, the AUC under the ROC curve was the largest, and the sensitivity and specificity were 80.0% and 85.7%, respectively. Conclusion:Both the MSCT-measured Recist 1.1 score and the tumor volume reduction rate can be used to evaluate the efficacy of conversion therapy in patients with pure exfoliated cytology-positive gastric cancer, and CT tumor volume measurement significantly correlates with conversion therapy results.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1520-1523, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867433

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the relationship between hemoglobin variability and serum albumin in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, and analyze the related factors.Methods:110 MHD patients who met the inclusion criteria in the hemodialysis center of Chancheng District Central Hospital of Foshan City were selected. The basic clinical data, biochemical indexes and hemoglobin variation related indexes were collected. The patients were divided into group 1 (normal albumin group ≥35 g/L) and groups 2 (low albumin group <35 g/L) according to serum albumin level.Results:⑴ Compared with group 1 (normal albumin group), the body mass index (BMI), serum creatinine and transferrin saturation in group 2 (low albumin group) were significantly decreased [(20.78±3.45)kg/m 2 vs (22.87±3.91)kg/m 2; (913.06±175.05)μmol/L vs (1 039.20±285.43)μmol/L; (24.83±14.36)% vs (30.39±10.38)%, P<0.05]. However, there was no significant difference in age, gender, dialysis age, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), ferritin, erythropoietin dosage, iron supplement way, vascular access, urea nitrogen, kt/V between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). ⑵ Compared with group 1, the group 2 had lower mean hemoglobin value, fewer times of reaching the standard, lower hemoglobin minimum value and larger hemoglobin coefficient of variation ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in hemoglobin standard deviation and maximum hemoglobin ( P>0.05). ⑶ Pearson correlation analysis showed that serum albumin was positively correlated with mean hemoglobin, times of reaching the standard and minimum hemoglobin ( r=0.401, 0.378, 0.200, P<0.05), and negatively correlated with coefficient of variation of hemoglobin ( r=-0.237, P=0.013). Conclusions:Maintenance hemodialysis patients with hypoalbuminemia have lower level of hemoglobin and greater coefficient of hemoglobin variability.Improving nutritional state maybe increase hemoglobin level and decrease coefficient of hemoglobin variability.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 805-809, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867323

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnosis and treatment for intra-abdominal fistula in China, and to explore the prognostic factors.Methods:A multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted based on the Registration System of Chinese Gastrointestinal Fistula and Intra-Abdominal Infections to collect the clinical data of patients with intra-abdominal fistula from 18 medical centers from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018, including basic information, medical records and prognosis.Results:A total of 106 patients were enrolled in this study, including 57 males and 49 females, with an average age of (48.0±17.8)years. The most common type of intra-abdominal fistula was entero-vesical fistula (34.0%), followed by entero-vaginal fistula (31.1%), entero-enteric fistula (26.4%) and multiple fistula (8.5%). The direct causes of intra-abdominal fistula were mainly surgical operation (66.0%), followed by spontaneous fistula due to Crohn′s disease (18.9%), radiation intestinal injury (11.3%), and 4 cases (3.8%) of unknown reasons. During the whole treatment, 95 patients received nutritional support therapy, mainly EN+ PN (75.8%). Finally, 86 patients (81.1%) received surgical treatment, with a healing rate of 95.3%. After surgery, 8.1% of patients developed surgical site infections (SSI), and 10.5% had a relapse of fistula. 20 patients (18.9%) were treated conservatively, with a self-healing rate of 80.0%. The overall mortality rate was 8.5%, and the highest mortality (15.2%) was found in entero-enteric fistula. Statistical analysis showed that the age ( t=-4.664, P<0.001), leucocyte level ( U=663.000, P=0.010), sepsis ( P=0.002) and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) ( P=0.019) were higher in the death group than those in the healing group. Multivariate analysis suggested that advanced age ( OR=1.073, 95% CI: 1.008-1.141, P=0.026) and complications of sepsis ( OR=11.806, 95% CI: 1.064-131.048, P=0.044) were independent risk factors of the death for patients with intra-abdominal fistula. Conclusions:The overall mortality rate of intra-abdominal fistula is still high, and malignant tumor is the most common primary disease. Advanced age and sepsis are independent risk factors for death in patients with intra-abdominal fistula.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 810-814, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867320

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of duodenal lateral fistula (DLF), and to explore the high-risk factors affecting its prognosis, so as to improve its treatment outcome.Methods:The regression study was conducted based on the database of the Registration System of Chinese Gastrointestinal Fistula and Intra-Abdominal Infections. DLF patients who were hospitalized from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018 and had complete clinical data in the database were selected as the research object. The clinical data included patient gender, age, length of hospital stay, hospitalization costs, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, underlying diseases, primary diseases, direct causes of DLF, complications, treatment and outcomes.Results:A total of 142 patients with DLF were enrolled, including 97 males and 45 females, with a median age of 54 years. The top three primary diseases of DLF were gastrointestinal ulcers and perforations in 33 cases (23.2%), biliary tract disease in 27 cases (19.0%), and trauma in 24 cases (16.9%). There were 117 cases (82.4%) with single DLF, and 25 cases (17.6%) were combined with other fistula. Among the 142 patients, 127 were healed (49 by surgery and 78 self-healing) and 15 (10.6%) died. 14 cases (9.9%) underwent percutaneous catheter drainage, and 18 cases underwent laparotomy drainage. Univariate prognostic analysis showed that advanced age (≥60 years old) (χ 2=6.891, P=0.009), primary diseases as gastrointestinal ulcers/perforations (χ 2=8.515, P=0.004), combined with other fistula (χ 2=5.798, P=0.016), malnutrition (χ 2=5.595, P=0.018), pulmonary infection (χ 2=12.449, P<0.001), hemorrhage (χ 2=6.466, P=0.011), multiple organ dysfunction syndrome(MODS ) (χ 2=37.258, P<0.001), underwent laparotomy drainage (χ 2=6.466, P=0.011) were associated with mortality. Multivariate prognostic analysis confirmed that age ≥60 years old ( OR=44.375, 95% CI: 2.676-735.822, P=0.008), combined with other fistula ( OR=16.54, 95% CI: 1.744-156.913, P=0.015) and MODS ( OR=238.447, 95% CI: 9.496-5 987.78, P=0.001) were independent risk factors of the death for DLF patients. Conclusions:The mortality rate of DLF is still relatively high. Iatrogenic duodenal injury (surgical operation, endoscopic treatment) is the main direct cause of fistula. Advanced age, combined with other fistula and MODS significantly increases the risk of death of patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866778

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of lung ultrasound score (LUS) on predicting weaning outcome in patients with intro-abdominal infection (IAI) undergoing mechanical ventilation.Methods:Patients with IAI undergoing mechanical ventilation admitted to Research Institute of General Surgery of East War Zone Hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) of the First People's Hospital of Lianyungang from January to December in 2018 were included. The patients who satisfied weaning criteria were enrolled in the weaning process, which included spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) and extubation. They were divided into SBT success group and SBT failure group according to whether passed 120-minute SBT or not. LUS scores before and after SBT were compared between the two groups. The patients in the SBT success group were extubated, and they were divided into successful extubation group and failed extubation group for sub-group analysis according to whether re-intubation was needed in 48 hours after extubation. LUS score before extubation (at the end of SBT) and 48 hours after extubation (48 hours after extubation in the successful extubation group or before re-intubation in the failed extubation group) were compared. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of LUS score before SBT for SBT failure and LUS score before extubation for the failure.Results:A total of 76 patients with IAI undergoing mechanical ventilation were included. Twenty-three patients had duration of mechanical ventilation less than 48 hours, severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), tracheotomy or automatic discharge were excluded, and 53 patients were enrolled. SBT was failed in 9 patients, and successfully performed in 44 patients, of whom 23 patients with successful extubation, and 21 with failed extubation. The LUS scores before and after SBT in the SBT failure group were significantly higher than those in the SBT success group (before SBT: 13.22±1.99 vs. 10.79±1.64, t = -3.911, P = 0.000; after SBT: 19.00±1.12 vs. 13.41±1.86, t = -8.665, P = 0.000). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under ROC curve (AUC) of LUS score before SBT for predicting SBT failure was 0.82 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.67-0.98, P = 0.002]. When the optimum cut-off value was 12.5, the sensitivity was 66.7%, and the specificity was 84.1%. Sub-group analysis showed that the LUS scores before and after extubation in the failed extubation group were significantly higher than those in the successful extubation group (before extubation: 14.19±1.60 vs. 12.69±1.81, t = -2.881, P = 0.006; after extubation: 16.42±1.59 vs. 12.78±1.54, t = -7.710, P = 0.000). ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC of LUS score before extubation for predicting the failure was 0.81 (95% CI was 0.69-0.92, P = 0.000). When the optimum cut-off value was 13.5, the sensitivity was 80.0%, and the specificity was 65.2%. Conclusion:LUS score can effectively predict SBT outcome, risk of re-intubation after extubation in patients with IAI undergoing mechanical ventilation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 311-313, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879645

ABSTRACT

Intra-abdominal infection (IAI) is a deadly condition in which the outcome is associated with urgent diagnosis, assessment and management, including fluid resuscitation, antibiotic administration while obtaining further laboratory results, attaining precise measurements of hemodynamic status, and pursuing source control. This last item makes abdominal sepsis a unique treatment challenge. Delayed or inadequate source control is an independent predictor of poor outcomes and recognizing source control failure is often difficult or impossible. Further complicating issue in the debate is surrounding the timing, adequacy, and procedures of source control. This review evaluated and summarized the current approach and challenges in IAI management, which are the future research directions.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Drainage , Fluid Therapy , Hemodynamics , Humans , Intraabdominal Infections/therapy , Laparoscopy , Laparotomy , Prognosis , Sepsis
17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1239-1248, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803101

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes,and the complications of staged minimally invasive surgery for adult degenerative scoliosis, comparing with that of the conventional open surgery.@*Methods@#From Jun 2013 to Jun 2017, a total of 42 cases of degenerative scoliosis underwent surgical treatment. Among which, 23 cases underwent staged minimally invasive surgery(MIS group) and 19 cases underwent posterior open surgery(open group). The intra-operative bleeding, and operation time were recorded.The clinical outcomes were assessed using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for low back pain and leg pain.The radiological outcome was evaluated with Cobb angles and sagittal balance parameters (Sagittal Vertical Axis (SVA), Pelvic Incidence (PI)-Lumbar Lordosis (LL), Pelvic Tilt (PT)). The occurrence of complications was recorded.@*Results@#The baseline demographic features of both groups (gender, age, medical comorbidity, etc.) were similar.The mean follow-up period for both groups was more than 2 years.The intraoperative bleeding in the MIS group 405.7±144.8 ml was significantly lower than that in the open group (2 005.3±728.4 ml, t=10.31, P<0.001); The total operation time 414.3±63.0 min of MIS group was significantly longer than that of the open group (304.2±51.8 min, t=6.10, P<0.001), but the operating time of each stage was shorter than the open group. The VAS score for back pain and leg pain,the ODI scores were significantly improved after surgery for both group, there was no significant difference between the two groups, but the low back pain and function in MIS group were better than the open group. The parameters of the coronal and sagittal deformity were significantly improved in both groups, correction of coronal deformity in MIS groupwassignificantly superior to the open group (F=12.02, P=0.001), there was no significant difference in sagittal balance correction between the two groups. The overall complication rate (63.2%) was slightly higher in the open group than in the MIS group (34.8%) without significant difference(χ2=3.36, P=0.07). The incidence of major complications in the open group was significantly higher than that in the MIS group (P=0.014).@*Conclusion@#Staged minimally invasive surgery can significantly relieve the patient's pain, improve functionand the coronal and sagittal balance of the patient, the early clinical and radiological outcomes were comparable to the open surgery; Minimally invasive surgery may significantly reduce the amount of bleeding and major complications. Minimally invasive surgery is safe and effective for carefully selected patients with degenerative scoliosis.However, the long-term outcomes of minimally invasive surgery remains to be followed up.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801343

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the diagnosis and treatment for enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) in China, and to explore the prognostic factors of ECF.@*Methods@#A multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted based on the Registration System of Chinese Gastrointestinal Fistula and Intra-Abdominal Infections to collect the clinical data of ECF patients from 54 medical centers in 22 provinces/municipalities from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018. The clinical data included patient gender, age, length of hospital stay, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, underlying diseases, primary diseases, direct causes of ECF, location and type of ECF, complications, treatment and outcomes. All medical records were carefully filled in by the attending physicians, and then re-examined by more than two specialists. The diagnosis of ECF was based on the clinical manifestations, laboratory/imaging findings and intraoperative exploration.@*Results@#A total of 1521 patients with ECF were enrolled, including 1099 males and 422 females, with a median age of 55 years. The top three primary diseases of ECF were malignant tumors in 626 cases (41.2%, including 540 gastrointestinal tumors, accounting for 86.3% of malignant tumors), gastrointestinal ulcers and perforations in 202 cases (13.3%), and trauma in 157 cases (10.3%). The direct causes of ECF were mainly surgical operation in 1194 cases (78.5%), followed by trauma in 156 (10.3%), spontaneous fistula due to Crohn′s disease in 92 (6.0%), radiation intestinal injury in 41 (2.7%), severe pancreatitis in 20 (1.3%), endoscopic treatment in 13 (0.9%) and 5 cases (0.3%) of unknown reasons. All the patients were divided into three groups: 1350 cases (88.7%) with simple ECF, 150 (9.9%) with multiple ECF, and 21 (1.4%) with combined internal fistula. Among the patients with simple ECF, 438 cases (28.8%) were jejuno-ileal fistula, 313 (20.6%) colon fistula, 170 (11.2%) rectal fistula, 111 (7.3%) duodenal fistula, 76 (5.0%) ileocecal fistula, 65 (4.3%) ileocolic anastomotic fistula, 55 (3.6%) duodenal stump fistula, 36 (2.4%) gastrointestinal anastomotic fistula, 36 (2.4%) esophagogastric/esophagojejunal anastomotic fistula, 29 (1.9%) gastric fistula and 21 (1.4%) cholangiopancreatiointestinal. Among all the simple ECF patients, 991 were tubular fistula and 359 were labial fistula. A total of 1146 patients finished the treatment, of whom 1061 (92.6%) were healed (586 by surgery and 475 self-healing) and 85 (7.4%) died. A total of 1043 patients (91.0%) received nutritional support therapy, and 77 (6.7%) received fistuloclysis. Infectious source control procedures were applied to 1042 patients, including 711 (62.0%) with active lavage and drainage and 331 (28.9%) with passive drainage. Among them, 841 patients (73.4%) underwent minimally invasive procedures of infectious source control (replacement of drainage tube through sinus tract, puncture drainage, etc.), 201 (17.5%) underwent laparotomy drainage, while 104 (9.1%) did not undergo any drainage measures. A total of 610 patients (53.2%) received definitive operation, 24 patients died within postoperative 30-day with mortality of 3.9% (24/610), 69 (11.3%) developed surgical site infection (SSI), and 24 (3.9%) had a relapse of fistula. The highest cure rate was achieved in ileocecal fistula (100%), followed by rectal fistula (96.2%, 128/133) and duodenal stump fistula (95.7%,44/46). The highest mortality was found in combined internal fistula (3/12) and no death in ileocecal fistula. Univariate prognostic analysis showed that primary diseases as Crohn′s disease (χ2=6.570, P=0.010) and appendicitis/appendiceal abscess (P=0.012), intestinal fistula combining with internal fistula (χ2=5.460, P=0.019), multiple ECF (χ2=7.135, P=0.008), esophagogastric / esophagojejunal anastomotic fistula (χ2=9.501, P=0.002), ECF at ileocecal junction (P=0.012), non-drainage/passive drainage before the diagnosis of intestinal fistula (χ2=9.688, P=0.008), non-drainage/passive drainage after the diagnosis of intestinal fistula (χ2=9.711, P=0.008), complicating with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) (χ2=179.699, P<0.001), sepsis (χ2=211.851, P<0.001), hemorrhage (χ2=85.300, P<0.001), pulmonary infection (χ2=60.096, P<0.001), catheter-associated infection (χ2=10.617, P=0.001) and malnutrition (χ2=21.199, P<0.001) were associated with mortality. Multivariate prognostic analysis cofirmed that sepsis (OR=7.103, 95%CI:3.694-13.657, P<0.001), complicating with MODS (OR=5.018, 95%CI:2.170-11.604, P<0.001), and hemorrhage (OR=4.703, 95%CI: 2.300-9.618, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of the death for ECF patients. Meanwhile, active lavage and drainage after the definite ECF diagnosis was the protective factor (OR=0.223, 95%CI: 0.067-0.745, P=0.015).@*Conclusions@#The overall mortality of ECF is still high. Surgical operation is the most common cause of ECF. Complications e.g. sepsis, MODS, hemorrhage, and catheter-associated infection, are the main causes of death. Active lavage and drainage is important to improve the prognosis of ECF.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753314

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical significance of lymph node metastasis-related indexes in evaluating the prognosis of initially treated stage N2b colorectal cancer. Methods Two hundred and six patients with initially treated stage N2b colorectal cancer in Shenzhen People′s Hospital from January 2009 to November 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent radical resection of colorectal cancer. The correlation between lymph node metastasis-related indexes and postoperative 5-year overall survival rate was analyzed, including number of negative lymph nodes, number of positive lymph nodes, lymph nodes ratio (LNR), log odds of positive lymph nodes (LODDS). Results The postoperative 5-year overall survival rate was 54.4% (112/206), and the postoperative 5-year recurrence-free survival rate was 48.1% (99/206). Univariate analysis result showed that angioma thrombus or nerve invasion, T stage, postoperative adjuvant therapy, number of positive lymph nodes, number of negative lymph nodes, LNR and LODDS were significantly correlated with the postoperative 5-year overall survival rate (P<0.01 or <0.05). Multivariate analysis result showed that number of negative lymph nodes, number of positive lymph nodes, LNR and LODDS were independent risk factors of postoperative the 5-year overall survival rate ( RR=2.371, 2.295, 2.758 and 2.671; 95% CI 1.598 to 3.485, 1.556 to 3.360, 1.880 to 4.058 and 1.814 to 3.915; P<0.01). The areas under curve of negative lymph nodes, number of positive lymph nodes LNR and LODDS in predicting postoperative the 5-year overall survival rate were 0.668, 0.657, 0.692 and 0.684, and there was no statistical difference (P>0.05). Conclusions The number of negative lymph nodes, number of positive lymph nodes, LNR and LODDS in initially treated stage N2b colorectal cancer patients are independent prognostic factors.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763140

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Studies suggest that regular use of metformin may decrease cancer mortality. We investigated the association between diabetes medication use and cancer survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study includes 633 breast, 890 colorectal, 824 lung, and 543 gastric cancer cases identified from participants of two population-based cohort studies in Shanghai. Information on diabetes medication use was obtained by linking to electronic medical records. The associations between diabetes medication use (metformin, sulfonylureas, and insulin) and overall and cancer-specific survival were evaluated using time-dependent Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: After adjustment for clinical characteristics and treatment factors, use of metformin was associated with better overall survival among colorectal cancer patients (hazards ratio [HR], 0.55; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.34 to 0.88) and for all four types of cancer combined (HR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.57 to 0.98). Ever use of insulin was associated with worse survival for all cancer types combined (HR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.57 to 2.29) and for the four cancer types individually. Similar associations were seen for diabetic patients. Sulfonylureas use was associated with worse overall survival for breast or gastric cancer (HR, 2.87; 95% CI, 1.22 to 6.80 and HR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.09 to 3.84, respectively) among diabetic patients. Similar association patterns were observed between diabetes medication use and cancer-specific survival. CONCLUSION: Metformin was associated with improved survival among colorectal cancer cases, while insulin use was associated with worse survival among patients of four major cancers. Further investigation on the topic is needed given the potential translational impact of these findings.


Subject(s)
Breast , Cohort Studies , Colorectal Neoplasms , Electronic Health Records , Humans , Insulin , Lung , Metformin , Mortality , Proportional Hazards Models , Stomach Neoplasms
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