Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 337
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 77-88, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005256

ABSTRACT

In order to provide basic information for the utilization and development of famous classical formulas containing Bletillae Rhizoma, this article systematically analyzes the historical evolution of the name, origin, harvesting and processing of Bletillae Rhizoma by reviewing the ancient materia medica, prescription books, medical books and modern literature. The research results showed that Baiji(白及) was the main name, some scholars took Baiji(白芨) as its main name, and there were many other names such as Baiji(白给), Baigen(白根), Baiji(白苙). The mainstream source of Bletillae Rhizoma was the tubers of Bletilla striata, and drying, large, white, solid, root-free and skin removed completely were the good quality standards. With the promotion of wild to cultivated medicinal materials, there were certain differences between their traits, and the quality evaluation indexes should be adjusted accordingly. The origin of records in the past dynasties was widely distributed, with Guizhou and Sichuan having high production and good quality in modern times. The harvesting period is mostly in spring and autumn, and harvested in autumn was better. The processing and processing technology is relatively simple, and it was used fresh or powdered in past dynasties, while it is mainly sliced for raw use in modern times. Based on the results, it is suggested that the tubers of Bletilla striata of Orchidaceae should be used in the famous classical formulas, and it should be uniformly written as Baiji(白及). And if the original formula indicates the requirement of processing, it should be operated according to the requirement, if the requirement of processing is not indicated, it can be used in raw form as medicine.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 118-123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993061

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the levels of individual dose to radiation workers in Shandong province from 2016 to 2020, and to analyze the trends in their change in order to provide scientific basis for radiation workers′ health management.Methods:The experimental detection and quality control were carried out in compliance with the national standards Specifications for individual monitoring of occupational external exposure (GBZ 128-2019) and the Testing criteria of personnel dosimetry performance for external exposure (GBZ 207-2016). The result of the personal dose monitoring of occupational external exposure of all radiation workers monitored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 16 cities of Shandong province were retrospectively analyzed by using SPSS 23.0 software.Results:The total number of monitored workers were 25 523 with an average annual individual effective dose of 0.28 mSv. There were statistically significant differences among radiation workers in different years ( H= 2 815.91, P<0. 001). The average annual individual effective dose showed an upward trend followed by a downward trend. The average annual effective dose of 0.55 mSv for nuclear medicine radiation workers in medical applications was the highest, with statistically significant differences among different occupational radiation workers ( H=310.37, P<0.001). The average annual effective dose of 0.37 mSv for radioactivity logging workers in industrial applications was the highest, with statistically significant differences among different occupational radiation workers ( H=448.07, P<0. 001). The average annual effective dose to radiation workers in medical applications was higher than in industrial applications ( Z = -14.93, P<0.001). Conclusions:The average annual effective dose to nuclear medicine radiation workers in medical applications and logging radiation workers in industrial applications are relatively high. There would be a push to furthe improve workplace protection measures and strengthen the management and supervision of radiological workers.

3.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1216-1219, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991889

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the distributions of ABO and RhD blood groups by analyzing the basic data of blood group detection among voluntary blood donors in Huainan in 2021, to provide data support for blood recruitment, clinical use of blood, and emergency guarantee of rare groups of blood.Methods:ABO and RhD blood groups of 24 484 voluntary blood donors eligible for blood donation in 2021 were detected using the Metis150-8 automatic blood group analyzer, manual saline method, antihuman globulin method, and manual polybrene test. The blood group results were statistically analyzed.Results:Among 24 484 voluntary blood donors in Huainan in 2021, A blood group accounted for the highest proportion (7 463 cases, 30.48%), followed by O blood group (7 444 cases, 30.40%) and B blood group (7 056 cases, 28.82%), and the last was AB blood group (2 521 cases, 10.30%). A total of 143 cases of RhD-negative blood were detected, and the negative frequency of RhD was 0.58% (143/24 484). Among the RhD-negative blood samples, 43 cases of type A, 41 cases of type B, 46 cases of type O, and 13 cases of type AB were RhD-negative, accounting for 30.07%, 28.67%, 32.17%, and 9.09%, respectively. There was no statistical difference in the detection rate of Rh-negative blood among different ABO blood groups in Huainan ( χ2 = 0.36, P = 0.948). The ABO blood group distribution of voluntary blood donors in Huainan in 2021 was not identical to those of voluntary blood donors in Guangzhou, Yueyang, Xinjiang Bozhou, Zhangzhou, and Liuzhou. The proportion of type A blood donors in Yueyang was higher than those in other regions. The proportions of type B blood donors in Huainan, Xinjiang Bozhou, and Zhangzhou were higher than those in other regions. The proportion of type O blood donors in Liuzhou was higher than those in other regions. The proportions of type AB blood donors in Huainan and Xinjiang Bozhou were higher than those in other regions. Conclusion:The distributions of ABO and RhD blood groups among voluntary blood donors in Huainan region have certain regional characteristics. Central blood banks and medical institutions should reasonably store and supply blood according to the blood collection from voluntary blood donations and the needs of clinical transfusion, to prevent the occurrence of situations such as blood expiration and waste.

4.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 379-383, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991758

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the safety and effectiveness of superselective embolization of the uterine arteries in the treatment of uterine fibroids.Methods:The clinical data of 60 patients with uterine fibroids who were admitted to Zhejiang Veteran Hospital from February 2020 to February 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into a control group and an observation group ( n = 30/group) according to different surgical methods. The control group underwent conventional surgery. The observation group underwent superselective embolization of the uterine arteries. Uterine size, uterine fibroid size, postoperative hormone level, and complications were compared between the two groups. Results:There was no significant difference in total response rate between the observation and control groups [93.33 (28/30) vs. 83.33 (25/30), χ2 = 1.46, P > 0.05]. After surgery, serum estradiol, luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and progesterone levels in the observation group were (164.14 ± 19.97) ng/L, (2.43 ± 1.47) IU/L, (2.51 ± 1.14) IU/L, and (5.05 ± 0.43) μg/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than (190.23 ± 21.62) ng/L, (3.78 ± 1.63) IU/L, (3.94 ± 1.23) IU/L, (8.22 ± 1.35) μg/L in the control group ( t = 4.86, 3.37, 4.67, 12.25, all P < 0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [3.33% (1/30) vs. 20.00% (6/30), χ2 = 4.04, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Compared with conventional surgery, superselective embolization of the uterine arteries is more effective on uterine fibroids, better keep postoperative hormone level stable, and reduce or avoid short- and long-term complications. Therefore, superselective embolization of the uterine arteries for the treatment of uterine fibroids deserves the clinical promotion.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1172-1178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application effect of the blended teaching model of "pre-class synchronous small private online course (SPOC)+ flipped classroom+post-class knowledge expansion" in the theoretical teaching of biochemistry and molecular biology. Methods:A total of 951 students majoring in clinical medicine, preventive medicine, and pharmacy in the class of 2020 in Qiqihar Medical College were selected as teaching reform research group (experimental group), and their curriculum relied on the self-built massive open online course (MOOC) curriculum and the MOOC resources of Chinese universities to construct a blended teaching model; the reform methods such as small class grouping, case-based learning, and diversified examination were adopted to carry out theoretical flipped teaching activities with cross integration of cases and knowledge points as the main line. A total of 847 students majoring in clinical medicine, preventive medicine, and pharmacy in the class of 2019 were selected as control group, and the traditional teaching method was used for theoretical courses. The courses were evaluated by offline assessment and online assessment, and feedback information was collected through examination scores, questionnaire survey, and online voting. SPSS 20.0 was used for statistical analysis, and the t-test was used for comparison between groups. Results:The experimental group had a significantly higher total score of final examination than the control group [(92.12±3.88) vs. (86.73±5.27), P<0.05]. The questionnaire survey showed that the students in the experimental group showed a relatively high degree of satisfaction with the blended teaching reform, which increased their participation, experiencing, and sharing activities. The students majoring in clinical medicine in the class of 2020 believed that they had established clinical thinking ability (263, 92.61%) and become familiar with the clinical manifestations and pathogenesis of common diseases (262, 92.25%); the students majoring in preventive medicine in the class of 2020 believed that they had increased their awareness of serving the public (151, 93.21%) and developed the ability to teach and guide healthy living (148, 91.36%); the students majoring in pharmacy in the class of 2020 believed that they had mastered the mechanism of action of drugs for disease treatment (138, 93.24%) and understood the importance of rational drug use in clinical practice (135, 91.22%). Conclusion:The blended teaching model realizes student-centered teaching, stimulates the interest and initiative in learning, and improves learning outcome, thereby improving teaching quality to a certain extent.

6.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 563-589, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991166

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease(ASCVD)frequently results in sudden death and poses a serious threat to public health worldwide.The drugs approved for the prevention and treatment of ASCVD are usually used in combination but are inefficient owing to their side effects and single therapeutic targets.Therefore,the use of natural products in developing drugs for the prevention and treatment of ASCVD has received great scholarly attention.Andrographolide(AG)is a diterpenoid lactone compound extracted from Andrographis paniculata.In addition to its use in conditions such as sore throat,AG can be used to prevent and treat ASCVD.It is different from drugs that are commonly used in the prevention and treatment of ASCVD and can not only treat obesity,diabetes,hyperlipidaemia and ASCVD but also inhibit the pathological process of atherosclerosis(AS)including lipid accumulation,inflammation,oxidative stress and cellular abnormalities by regulating various targets and pathways.However,the pharmaco-logical mechanisms of AG underlying the prevention and treatment of ASCVD have not been corrobo-rated,which may hinder its clinical development and application.Therefore,this review summarizes the physiological and pathological mechanisms underlying the development of ASCVD and the in vivo and in vitro pharmacological effects of AG on the relative risk factors of AS and ASCVD.The findings support the use of the old pharmacological compound('old bottle')as a novel drug('novel wine')for the pre-vention and treatment of ASCVD.Additionally,this review summarizes studies on the availability as well as pharmaceutical and pharmacokinetic properties of AG,aiming to provide more information regarding the clinical application and further research and development of AG.

7.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 397-405, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981068

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to evaluate the clinical benefits of a vancomycin dosage strategy based on a serum trough concentration model in elderly patients.@*METHODS@#This prospective single-center, open-label, randomized controlled trial categorized 66 elderly patients with severe pneumonia into study and control groups. The control group received vancomycin using a regimen decided by the attending physician. Meanwhile, the study group received individualized vancomycin therapy with a dosing strategy based on a serum trough concentration model. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with serum trough concentrations reaching the target values. The secondary endpoints were clinical response, vancomycin treatment duration, and vancomycin-associated acute kidney injury (VA-AKI) occurrence.@*RESULTS@#All patients were at least 60 years old (median age = 81 years). The proportion of patients with target trough concentration achievement (≥ 15 mg/L) with the initial vancomycin regimen was significantly higher in the study group compared to the control group (75.8% vs. 42.4%, P = 0.006). Forty-five patients (68.2%) achieved clinical success, the median duration of vancomycin therapy was 10.0 days, and VA-AKI occurred in eight patients (12.1%). However, there were no significant differences in these parameters between the two groups. The model for predicting vancomycin trough concentrations was upgraded to: serum trough concentration (mg/L) = 17.194 - 0.104 × creatinine clearance rate (mL/min) + 0.313 × vancomycin daily dose [(mg/(kg∙d)].@*CONCLUSION@#A vancomycin dosage strategy based on a serum trough concentration model can improve the proportion of patients achieving target trough concentrations in elderly patients with severe pneumonia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Middle Aged , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Acute Kidney Injury/drug therapy , Pneumonia/drug therapy
8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 46-51, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971493

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether circular RNA circRSF1 regulates radiation-induced inflammatory phenotype of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) by binding to HuR protein and repressing its function.@*METHODS@#Human HSC cell line LX2 with HuR overexpression or knockdown was exposed to 8 Gy X-ray irradiation, and the changes in the expression of inflammatory factors (IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α) were detected by qRT-PCR. The expressions of IκBα and phosphorylation of NF-κB were detected with Western blotting. The binding of circRSF1 to HuR was verified by RNA pull-down assay and RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP). The expressions of inflammatory factors, IκBα and the phosphorylation of NF-κB were detected after modifying the interaction between circRSF1 and HuR.@*RESULTS@#Knockdown of HuR significantly up- regulated the expressions of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α, decreased IκBα expression and promoted NF-κB phosphorylation in irradiated LX2 cells, whereas overexpression of HuR produced the opposite changes (P < 0.05). Overexpression or knockdown of circRSF1 did not significantly affect the expression of HuR. RNA pull-down and RIP experiments confirmed the binding between circRSF1 and HuR. Overexpression of circRSF1 significantly reduced the binding of HuR to IκBα and down-regulated the expression of IκBα (P < 0.05). Overexpression of circRSF1 combined with HuR overexpression partially reversed the up-regulation of the inflammatory factors, down-regulated IκBα expression and increased phosphorylation of NFκB in LX2 cells, while the opposite effects were observed in cells with knockdown of both circRSF1 and HuR (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#circRSF1 reduces IκBα expression by binding to HuR to promote the activation of NF-κB pathway, thereby enhancing radiation- induced inflammatory phenotype of HSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatic Stellate Cells/radiation effects , Interleukin-6 , NF-kappa B , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha , Phenotype , RNA , RNA, Circular/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , ELAV-Like Protein 1/metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 140-150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973755

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the potential quality marker (Q-marker) of Tinosporae Radix associated with efficacy of "relieving sore throat" based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), multivariate statistical analysis (MSA), and network pharmacology. MethodUPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to identify the main chemical components in 18 batches of Tinosporae Radix. On this basis, principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were employed to screen out the main marker components that caused differences between groups. Moreover, network pharmacology technology was applied to predict the potential "sore throat-relieving" components, and the molecular docking between the common components resulting from MSA and network pharmacology and the core targets was carried out to verify the marker components. ResultA total of 17 compounds, including alkaloids, diterpenoid lactones, and sterols, were identified by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. Five main differential components were found by MSA: Columbamine, jatrorrhizine, palmatine, menisperine, and columbin. Network pharmacology analysis yielded six compounds: tetrahydropalmatine, palmatine, menisperine, fibleucin, neoechinulin A, and columbin which were selected as potential "sore throat-relieving" components of Tinosporae Radix. They may relieve sore throat by acting on interleukin-6, epidermal growth factor receptor, prostaglandin G/H synthase 2, matrix metalloproteinase-9, proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src and other targets, and regulating Hepatitis B, influenza A, human T-cell virus infection, human cytomegalovirus infection, coronavirus disease-2019, and other signaling pathways. The common active components in Tinosporae Radix resulting from MSA and network pharmacology analysis were palmatine, menisperine, and columbin, which had high binding affinity with six core targets and can be used as the Q-marker components of Tinosporae Radix in "relieving sore throat". ConclusionThis study predicts the "sore throat-relieving" Q-marker of Tinosporae Radix, which lays a basis for developing the quality standard of Tinosporae Radix based on the efficacy and improving the quality evaluation system of the medicinal.

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 416-420, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964240

ABSTRACT

Keratoconus is a chronic, non-inflammatory corneal disease, characterized by thinning of the corneal stroma and local corneal dilation with cone-shaped protrusion, and it usually leads to irregular astigmatism and myopia, posing great threat to eyesight. Corneal topography is the primary diagnostic tool for confirming keratoconus, while optical coherence tomography is now playing an increasingly important role in the diagnosis and treatment of keratoconus due to its ability of corneal sublayer imaging and superiority in repeatability, resolution, and data acquisition speed. This article discusses and reviews the clinical characteristics of keratoconus, the classification and characteristics of optical coherence tomography and its novel applications in the early diagnosis of keratoconus, contact lens fitting, corneal cross-linking therapy, and corneal transplantation; furthermore, progress in derivative technologies including optical coherence elastography, optical coherence tomography angiography, and polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography associated with keratoconus is included in this article. We hope our study will help to further exploit the role of optical coherence technology in clinical keratoconus management.

11.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 230-237, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970780

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of cell division cycle 42 (CDC42) on root development and its regulation on cell proliferation and migration in Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS). Methods: Trace the spatiotemporal expression of CDC42 in root development process [postnatal day 5 (P5), P7, P14] through immunofluorescence staining. Nine eight-week-old C57BL/6J male mice were randomly divided into 3 groups using a simple random sample method (n=3 in each group). P3 tooth germ was cultured in air-liquid system for 1 day and then transplanted to renal capsule each to observe tooth root development. The control group implanted tooth germ only. The phosphate buffered saline (PBS) group implanted tooth germ and gel beads soaked with PBS, while the ML141 group implanted tooth germ and gel beads soaked with CDC42 inhibitor (ML141). Cdc42 in HERS cells was inhibited via lentivirus transfection. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay and scratch assay were performed. The distribution of Golgi apparatus (GM130) and cytoskeleton (F-actin) in migrated cells were mapped via immunofluorescence staining. Results: CDC42 was expressed in epithelial cells of HERS, polarized ameloblasts and odontoblasts, as well as adjacent dental papilla and dental follicle cells during tooth root development. The root length of the ML141 group [(0.61±0.09) mm] was substantially shorter than that of control group [(1.03±0.19) mm, P=0.007] and PBS group [(0.98±0.10) mm, P=0.021] according to the data of renal capsule transplantation. After lentiviral transfection, the relative expression of Cdc42 in knockdown group (0.31±0.33) was significantly lower than that in control group (1.05±0.08) (t=15.38, P<0.001), demonstrating the knockdown efficiency closed to 70%. Cell viabilities were significantly inhibited in knockdown group (0.87±0.04, 0.96±0.10, 0.59±0.06, respectively) compared with those in control group (1.09±0.13, 1.55±0.32, 1.10±0.09, respectively) after 3, 4 and 5 days (t=3.16, P=0.016; t=4.23, P=0.002; t=5.08, P<0.01), and the cell proliferation ability in knockdown group [(1.65±0.64)%] also decreased than that in the control group [(4.02±1.12)%](t=5.21, P<0.001). In addition, the cell migration rates after 24 and 48 h [(45.1±4.2)%, (56.4±8.3)%] in knockdown group were obviously lower than those in the control group [(63.8±7.4)%, (80.2±7.8)%] (t=3.78, P=0.019; t=3.62, P=0.023). After Cdc42 was knocked down, Golgi apparatus distributed along the nucleus while behaved oriented in the control group. Conclusions: CDC42 plays an important role in the regulation of root length during root development, which may mediate root elongation by affecting the migration and proliferation of HERS cells.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1491-1497, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970620

ABSTRACT

By investigating the contamination status and predicting the exposure risk of mycotoxin in Coicis Semen, we aim to provide guidance for the safety supervision of Chinese medicinal materials and the formulation(revision) of mycotoxin limit standards. The content of 14 mycotoxins in the 100 Coicis Semen samples collected from five major markets of Chinese medicinal materials in China was determined by UPLC-MS/MS. The probability evaluation model based on Monte Carlo simulation method was established after Chi-square test and One-way ANOVA of the sample contamination data. Health risk assessment was performed on the basis of margin of exposure(MOE) and margin of safety(MOS). The results showed that zearalenone(ZEN), aflatoxin B_1(AFB_1), deoxynivalenol(DON), sterigmatocystin(ST), and aflatoxin B_2(AFB_2) in the Coicis Semen samples had the detection rates of 84%, 75%, 36%, 19%, and 18%, and the mean contamination levels of 117.42, 4.78, 61.16, 6.61, and 2.13 μg·kg~(-1), respectively. According to the limit standards in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition), AFB_1, AFs and ZEN exceeded the standards to certain extents, with the over-standard rates of 12.0%, 9.0%, and 6.0%, respectively. The exposure risks of Coicis Semen to AFB_1, AFB2, ST, DON, and ZEN were low, while 86% of the samples were contaminated with two or more toxins, which needs more attention. It is suggested that the research on the combined toxicity of different mycotoxins should be strengthened to accelerate the cumulative exposure assessment of mixed contaminations and the formulation(revision) of toxin limit standards.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mycotoxins/analysis , Coix , Aflatoxin B1/analysis , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Food Contamination/analysis , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 586-602, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970393

ABSTRACT

Autophagy is a highly conserved mechanism for material degradation and recycling in eukaryote cells, and plays important roles in growth, development, stress tolerance and immune responses. ATG10 plays a key role in autophagosome formation. To understand the function of ATG10 in soybean, two homologous GmATG10 genes, namely GmATG10a and GmATG10b, were silenced simultaneously by bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) induced gene silencing. The carbon starvation induced by dark treatment and Western blotting analysis of GmATG8 accumulation level indicated that concurrent silencing GmATG10a/10b resulted in the impairment of autophagy in soybean; disease resistance and kinase assays demonstrated that GmATG10a/10b participated in the immune responses by negatively regulating the activation of GmMPK3/6, indicating that GmATG10a/10b plays a negative regulatory role in immune response in soybean.


Subject(s)
Soybeans/genetics , Immunity
14.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1-7, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969286

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo obtain the prevalence of sarcopenia in middle-aged and elderly people in Urumqi based on the 2020 updated based on the 2020 updated Consensus Report 2019 of Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS2019), and to further explore the association between sarcopenia and metabolic syndrome (MS). MethodsA total of 1 438 middle-aged and elderly people (aged≥50 years) in Urumqi from July 2018 to January 2019 were selected as the research subjects. Data were collected by questionnaire survey, physical examination and laboratory test. Skeletal muscle mass,grip strength and 4 m walking speed were used to represent muscle mass, muscle strength and body function, respectively. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) was used to measure human body components. Based on the diagnostic criteria of sarcopenia recommended by AWGS2019, the prevalence of sarcopenia in people over 50 years old was obtained. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to explore the correlation between sarcopenia and MS in middle-aged and elderly people of different genders. ResultsThere were 194 patients with sarcopenia, with a prevalence of 13.49%. The prevalence was 15.56% in males and 12.12% in females. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of MS between male sarcopenia group (40.45%) and non-sarcopenia group (38.92%), while the prevalence of MS in female sarcopenia group (39.04%) was higher than that in non-sarcopenia group (27.56%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that sarcopenia was a related factor of MS. Compared with non-sarcopenia, the risk of MS in male sarcopenia group was higher (OR=2.11,95%CI: 1.15‒3.88 ). ConclusionSarcopenia increases the risk of MS in middle-aged and elderly people, with a greater risk in men. Fully understanding of sarcopenia is helpful to early identify high-risk groups of MS and prevent the occurrence of MS.

15.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 401-407, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981970

ABSTRACT

A boy, aged 16 months, attended the hospital due to head and facial erythema for 15 months and vulva erythema for 10 months with aggravation for 5 days. The boy developed perioral and periocular erythema in the neonatal period and had erythema and papules with desquamation and erosion in the neck, armpit, and trigone of vulva in infancy. Blood gas analysis showed metabolic acidosis; the analysis of amino acid and acylcarnitine profiles for inherited metabolic diseases and the analysis of organic acid in urine suggested multiple carboxylase deficiency; genetic testing showed a homozygous mutation of c.1522C>T(p.R508W) in the HLCS gene. Finally the boy was diagnosed with holocarboxylase synthetase deficiency and achieved a good clinical outcome after oral biotin treatment. This article analyzes the clinical data of a child with holocarboxylase synthetase deficiency and summarizes the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of this child, so as to provide ideas for clinicians to diagnose this rare disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Biotin/therapeutic use , Holocarboxylase Synthetase Deficiency/drug therapy , Homozygote , Mutation , Rare Diseases/drug therapy
16.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 482-487, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981620

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of Flow-through bridge anterolateral thigh flap transplantation in the treatment of complex calf soft tissue defects.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of the patients with complicated calf soft tissue defects, who were treated with Flow-through bridge anterolateral thigh flap (study group, 23 cases) or bridge anterolateral thigh flap (control group, 23 cases) between January 2008 and January 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. All complex calf soft tissue defects in the two groups were caused by trauma or osteomyelitis, and there was only one major blood vessel in the calf or no blood vessel anastomosed with the grafted skin flap. There was no significant difference between the two groups in general data such as gender, age, etiology, size of leg soft tissue defect, and time from injury to operation ( P>0.05). The lower extremity functional scale (LEFS) was used to evaluate the sufferred lower extremity function of the both groups after operation, and the peripheral blood circulation score of the healthy side was evaluated according to the Chinese Medical Association Hand Surgery Society's functional evaluation standard for replantation of amputated limbs. Weber's quantitative method was used to detect static 2-point discrimination (S2PD) to evaluate peripheral sensation of the healthy side, and the popliteal artery flow velocity, toenail capillary filling time, foot temperature, toe blood oxygen saturation of the healthy side, and the incidence of complications were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#No vascular or nerve injury occurred during operation. All flaps survived, and 1 case of partial flap necrosis occurred in both groups, which healed after free skin grafting. All patients were followed up 6 months to 8 years, with a median time of 26 months. The function of the sufferred limb of the two groups recovered satisfactorily, the blood supply of the flap was good, the texture was soft, and the appearance was fair. The incision in the donor site healed well with a linear scar, and the color of the skin graft area was similar. Only a rectangular scar could be seen in the skin donor area where have a satisfactory appearance. The blood supply of the distal limb of the healthy limb was good, and there was no obvious abnormality in color and skin temperature, and the blood supply of the limb was normal during activity. The popliteal artery flow velocity in the study group was significantly faster than that in the control group at 1 month after the pedicle was cut, and the foot temperature, toe blood oxygen saturation, S2PD, toenail capillary filling time, and peripheral blood circulation score were significantly better than those in the control group ( P<0.05). There were 8 cases of cold feet and 2 cases of numbness on the healthy side in the control group, while only 3 cases of cold feet occurred in the study group. The incidence of complications in the study group (13.04%) was significantly lower than that in the control group (43.47%) ( χ 2=3.860, P=0.049). There was no significant difference in LEFS score between the two groups at 6 months after operation ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Flow-through bridge anterolateral thigh flap can reduce postoperative complications of healthy feet and reduce the impact of surgery on blood supply and sensation of healthy feet. It is an effective method for repairing complex calf soft tissue defects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thigh/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Leg/surgery , Cicatrix/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Lower Extremity/surgery , Skin Transplantation/methods , Perforator Flap
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3281-3286, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981465

ABSTRACT

Pseudostellaria heterophylla in large-scale cultivation needs to apply pesticides to control diseases, and non-standard use of pesticide may cause excessive pesticide residues in medicinal materials, increasing the risk of clinical medication. To accurately monitor the residual pesticides, this paper investigated the drug use during the process of P. heterophylla disease prevention in 25 P. he-terophylla planting enterprises or individual households in Guizhou province. It was found that there were 8 common diseases in P. he-terophylla planting, including leaf spot, downy mildew, virus disease, root rot, dropping disease, purple feather disease, white silk disease, and damping-off disease. Twenty-three kinds of pesticides were used in disease control, mainly chemical synthetic pesticides, accounting for 78.3%, followed by biological pesticides and mineral pesticides, accounting for 13.0% and 8.7%, respectively. The disease prevention and control drugs were all low-toxic pesticides, and there were no varieties banned in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition). However, the pesticides used have not been registered on P. heterophylla, and the excessive use of drugs was serious. The present monitoring of pesticide residues in P. heterophylla is mainly based on traditional pesticides such as organochlorine, organophosphorus, and carbamate, which does not effectively cover the production of drugs and had certain safety risks. It is suggested to speed up the research and registration of drug use in the production of P. heterophylla, increase the use of biological pesticides, and further improve the monitoring indicators of pesticide residues in combination with the actual production of drugs, so as to promote the high-quality development of P. heterophylla industry.


Subject(s)
Biological Control Agents , Caryophyllaceae , Pesticide Residues , Pesticides , Plants, Medicinal
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2925-2930, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981424

ABSTRACT

Based on the data of 56 kinds of diseases and drug use in 100 kinds of cultivated Chinese herbal medicines, this paper used frequency analysis method to count the types of diseases and their drug use characteristics, and systematically analyzed the status of drug registration and monitoring standards for disease prevention and control of Chinese herbal medicines. The results showed that 14 diseases such as root rot, powdery mildew, and drooping disease were common in the production of Chinese herbal medicines. Among the 99 pesticides reported, 67.68% were chemically synthesized, 23.23% were biological pesticides, and 9.09% were mineral pesticides. Among the reported pesticides, 92.93% of them were low toxic, with relative safety. However, 70% of the production drugs were not registered in Chinese herbal medicines, and the phenomenon of overdose was serious. The current pesticide residue monitoring standards does not match well with production drugs in China. Although the matching degree between Maximum Residue Limit of Pesticide in Food Safety National Standard(GB 2763-2021) and production drugs is more than 50%, there are few varieties of Chinese herbal medicines covered. The matching degree between Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition), Green Industry Standard of Medicinal Plants and Preparations(WM/T2-2004), and production drugs is only 1.28%. It is suggested to speed up the research and registration of Chinese herbal medicine production and further improve the pesticide residue limit standard combined with the actual production, so as to promote the high-quality development of Chinese herbal medicine industry.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biological Control Agents , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pesticide Residues , Pesticides
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1851-1857, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981403

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to study the role of asparagine endopeptidase(AEP) gene in the biosynthesis mechanism of cyclic peptide compounds in Pseudostellaria heterophylla. The transcriptome database of P. heterophylla was systematically mined and screened, and an AEP gene, tentatively named PhAEP, was successfully cloned. The heterologous function verification by Nicotiana benthamiana showed that the expression of the gene played a role in the biosynthesis of heterophyllin A in P. heterophylla. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the cDNA of PhAEP was 1 488 bp in length, encoding 495 amino acids with a molecular weight of 54.72 kDa. The phylogenetic tree showed that the amino acid sequence encoded by PhAEP was highly similar to that of Butelase-1 in Clitoria ternatea, reaching 80%. The sequence homology and cyclase active site analysis revealed that the PhAEP enzyme may specifically hydrolyse the C-terminal Asn/Asp(Asx) site of the core peptide in the HA linear precursor peptide of P. heterophylla, thereby participating in the ring formation of the linear precursor peptide. The results of real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR) showed that the expression level of PhAEP was the highest in fruits, followed by in roots, and the lowest in leaves. The heterophyllin A of P. heterophylla was detected in N. benthamiana that co-expressed PrePhHA and PhAEP genes instantaneously. In this study, the PhAEP gene, a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of heterophyllin A in P. heterophylla, has been successfully cloned, which lays a foundation for further analysis of the molecular mechanism of PhAEP enzyme in the biosynthesis of heterophyllin A in P. heterophylla and has important significance for the study of synthetic biology of cyclic peptide compounds in P. heterophylla.


Subject(s)
Genes, vif , Phylogeny , Plant Leaves/genetics , Peptides, Cyclic , Cloning, Molecular , Caryophyllaceae/genetics
20.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 55-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994799

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics and therapeutic efficacy of central nervous system (CNS) aspergillosis.Methods:The clinical manifestations, laboratory examination, neuroimaging features, treatment and prognosis of 37 cases of CNS aspergillosis diagnosed and treated in the First Medical Center of People′s Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2000 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the correlation between intracranial lesions and paranasal sinus lesions, they were divided into two groups: rhino-cerebral aspergillosis (RA, n=21) group and cerebral aspergillosis (CA, n=16) group. Results:Only 16.2% (6/37) of CNS aspergillosis patients had a clear background of immunosuppression, but 35.1% (13/37) were complicated with diabetes. The most common clinical manifestations were headache (73.0%, 27/37), cranial nerve involvement (59.5%, 22/37) and fever (37.8%, 14/37). Cerebrospinal fluid characteristics included increased pressure (53.8%, 14/26), increased white blood cell count (46.7%, 14/30), decreased glucose (30.0%, 9/30), increased protein (70.0%, 21/30), and high positive results of the metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of pathogenic microorganism (7/10). Cranial magnetic resonance imaging showed that commonly involved sites were sinus, orbital apex, posterior orbit, cavernous sinus (43.2%, 16/37) and cerebral lobes (27.0%, 10/37). Treatment options included antifungal drugs alone (64.9%, 24/37), combination of drugs and surgery (27.0%, 10/37) and surgery alone (8.1%, 3/37). Compared with the CA group, RA group had fewer males [47.6% (10/21) vs 14/16, χ2=6.34, P=0.012] and older age [(54.2±19.4) years vs (38.4±18.4) years, t=2.50, P=0.017], and was more prone to headache [85.7% (18/21) vs 9/16, χ2=4.00, P=0.046) and cranial nerve involvement [81.0% (17/21) vs 5/16, χ 2=9.31, P=0.006]. The misdiagnosis rate of these patients in the early stage was 73.0% (27/37). A total of 29 patients (85.3%, 29/34) were treated with voriconazole successively, and the course of treatment was 3.0 (0.5, 10.4) months. Compared with salvage therapy, the mortality of primary therapy was lower (4/17 vs 9/12, χ2=7.54, P=0.006). All patients were followed up to December 2021, and 17 patients died, with a mortality rate of 45.9% (17/37). Conclusions:CNS aspergillosis may have no definite immunosuppressive background. Some of CNS aspergillosis patients are complicated with diabetes, and the clinical manifestations of the disease lack specificity, with high misdiagnosis rate in the early stage, no inflammatory changes in cerebrospinal fluid, and high positive rate of mNGS for pathogenic microorganism. Early and long-term application of voriconazole can significantly reduce the mortality rate.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL