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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928305

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#According to 73 patients with middle clavicle fracture treated conservatively, a new classification of middle clavicle fracture was proposed, and the clinical effect of plastic splint in the treatment of middle clavicle fracture was observed.@*METHODS@#Total 73 patients with middle clavicle fracture treated with plastic splint from September 2018 to August 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients were divided into 4 types according to the degree of fracture displacement. There were 16 cases of typeⅠ, including 7 males and 9 females, ranging in age from 18 to 37 years old, with a mean of (28.6±7.8) years old;12 cases of mild disease, 3 cases of moderate disease and 1 case of severe disease. There were 16 cases of type Ⅱ, including 6 males and 10 females, ranging in age from 25 to 49 years old, with a mean of (37.3±9.4) years old;5 cases of mild disease, 8 cases of moderate disease and 3 cases of severe disease. There were 7 cases of type Ⅲ, including 4 males and 3 females, ranging in age from 33 to 57 years old;2 cases of mild disease, 3 cases of moderate disease and 2 cases of severe disease. There were 34 cases of type Ⅳ, including 16 males and 18 females, ranging in age from 48 to 82 years old, with a mean of(66.4±14.9) years old;7 cases of mild disease, 17 cases of moderate disease and 10 cases of severe disease. All patients received plastic splint external fixation for 4 weeks. Visual analgue scale (VAS) and Constant-Murley shoulder scores before treatment and 1, 3 and 9 months after treatment were observed and recorded to evaluate the change of pain degree and shoulder function recovery before and after treatment. The patients' satisfaction with the appearance after treatment was recorded at the latest follow-up. The X-ray findings at the latest follow-up were used to judge whether the patient had fracture nonunion. And according to the fracture healing time and imaging findings, the excellent and good rate of clinical curative effect in patients with different types was obtained.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 9 to 11 months, with a mean of (9.8±0.7) months. The VAS scores of typeⅠ, typeⅡand type Ⅳ before treatment were 2.88±0.83, 3.67±0.80 and 6.92±1.71 respectively, which were decreased to 0.54±0.19, 0.77±0.25 and 1.18±0.17 respectively after 9 months of treatment. The Constant-Murley shoulder scores of typeⅠ, typeⅡand type Ⅳ were 65.81±2.09, 63.50±2.22 and 47.93±2.91 respectively before treatment, and increased to 88.56±2.11, 85.12±2.23 and 71.25±2.16 respectively after 9 months of treatment. Five patients were not satisfied with the appearance after treatment;6 patients had no obvious continuous callus passing through after 9 months of treatment, which was fracture nonunion.@*CONCLUSION@#The classification of middle clavicle fracture is more appropriate to the clinic, which has a certain clinical guiding significance for the selection of treatment methods and prognosis of middle clavicle fracture. Plastic splint is effective in the treatment of middle clavicle fracture without obvious displacement and overlapping displacement, and the incidence of complications is low. It can be popularized in clinic.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Plates , Clavicle/diagnostic imaging , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Plastics , Retrospective Studies , Splints , Young Adult
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928282

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between the changes of cervical curvature and atlantoaxial instability.@*METHODS@#The correlation between the changes of cervical curvature and atlantoaxial instability was retrospectively studied in 50 outpatients with abnormal cervical curvature (abnormal cervical curvature group) from January 2018 to December 2019. There were 24 males and 26 females in abnormal cervical curvature group, aged from 18 to 42 years old with an average of(30.62±5.83) years. And 53 patients with normal cervical curvature (normal cervical curvature group) during the same period were matched, including 23 males and 30 females, aged from 21 to 44 years with an average of(31.98±6.11) years. Cervical spine X-ray films of 103 patients were taken in lateral position and open mouth position. Cervical curvature and variance of bilateral lateral atlanto-dental space(VBLADS) were measured and recorded, Pearson correlation coefficient analysis was used to study the correlation between the changes of cervical curvature and atlantoaxial instability.@*RESULTS@#Atlantoaxial joint instability accounted for 39.6%(21/53) in normal cervical curvature group and 84.0%(42/50) in abnormal cervical curvature group. There was significant difference between two groups(P<0.01). VBLADS in abnormal cervical curvature group was (1.79±1.01) mm, which was significantly higher than that in normal cervical curvature group(0.55±0.75) mm(P<0.01). Pearson correlation coefficient analysis showed that the size of cervical curvature was negatively correlated with VBLADS.@*CONCLUSION@#Cervical curvature straightening and inverse arch are the cause of atlantoaxial instability, the smaller the cervical curvature, the more serious the atlantoaxial instability.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Atlanto-Axial Joint/diagnostic imaging , Cervical Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Female , Humans , Joint Instability/diagnostic imaging , Kyphosis , Male , Radiography , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912128

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an unnatural amino acid-labelled HiD-Hin47 fusion protein as a novel carrier.Methods:Twenty versions of the fusion protein were designed, each of which contained a different amino acid site replaced by an azide-bearing amino acid, N6-(2-azidoethoxy) (carbonyl)-L-Lysine (NAEK). These fusion proteins were constructed, expressed and purified, and the yield were evaluated by SDS-PAGE. Based on the highest protein yield, which was approximately 70% of the wild-type yield, the fusion protein with the unnatural amino acid in E677 site was selected. The pneumococcal polysaccharides of serotype 3 (F3) and serotype 6B (F6B) were coupled to the selected fusion protein through a "click" reaction. The conjugates were purified and compared in animal studies with other F3 and F6B conjugates that were coupled to CRM197, tetanus toxoid (TT) and HiD by conventional methods.Results:The immunogenicity of F3 conjugate using HiD-Hin47 as carrier (F3-HiD-Hin47) was slightly better than that of other F3 conjugates. F6B-HiD-Hin47 was significantly better than F6B-TT and F6B-HiD in terms of immunogenicity, but showed no significant difference with F6B-CRM197.Conclusions:NAEK-labelled HiD-Hin47 had the potential as a carrier for pneumococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccine and was worthy of further study.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912114

ABSTRACT

Objective:To express virus-like particles of poliovirus type 2 (PV2-VLP) in insect cells using a recombinant baculovirus expressing P1 and 3CD and to preliminarily evaluate its immunogenicity.Methods:Based on the codon preference of High 5 cells, the sequences of P1 gene and 3CD gene of PV2 were optimized and inserted into pUC57-Amp to construct pUC57-PV2-P1 and pUC57-PV2-3CD. UC57-PV2-P1s mutant that carried P1 gene mutation affecting thermostability was then constructed. Recombinant baculovirus strains of rBac-PV2-P1s-3CD and rBac-PV2-P1-3CD (wild type) were constructed using homologous recombination. The expression of target proteins was detected by Western blot. PV2-VLP was purified by ion exchange chromatography. The structure of VLP was observed under transmission electron microscopy to evaluate the assembly efficiency. The immunogenicity of PV2-VLP was assessed in a rat model.Results:The recombinant baculovirus with stable expression of P1s and 3CD proteins was successfully constructed. Western blot results showed that the yield of VLP was higher after thermostability mutation than that of the wild type. A three-dimensional structure with a diameter of about 30 nm was observed under electron microscopy, indicating that the VLP was successfully assembled. Animal experiment showed that the recombinant PV2-VLP had immunogenicity and could effectively induce the production of neutralizing antibodies.Conclusions:Effective VLP vaccines could be successfully prepared using the insect cell-baculovirus expression system, which provided reference for the development of polio VLP vaccine.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888344

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the risk factors of vertebral refracture after percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for osteoprotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs), and to provide reference for clinical prevention.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 228 OVCFs patients who met the inclusion criteria admitted from November 6, 2013 to December 14, 2018. There were 35 males and 193 females, with a male-to-female ratio of 3∶20, and aged 58 to 91 years with an average of (69.70±7.03) years. All patients were treated with PKP and had complete clinical data. According to whether refracture occurred after operation, they were divided into refracture group (24 cases) and non refracture group (204 cases). Factors that may be related to refracture (including gender, age, surgical segment, number of vertebral bodies in the surgical segment, whether combined with degenerative scoliosis, whether anti-osteoporosis treatment) were included in the univariate analyses, and the single factor analysis of statistically significant risk factors was carried out with multiple Logistic regression analysis to further clarify the independent risk factors for vertebral body refracture after PKP. Survival analysis was performed using the time of vertebral refracture after PKP as the end time of follow up, the occurrence of refracture after PKP as the endpoint event, and the presence or absence of degenerative lateral curvature as a variable factor.@*RESULTS@#All 228 patients were followed up for 1.8 to 63.6 months with an average of (28.8±15.6) months, and the refracture rate was 10.5%(24/228). There were statistically significant differences between two groups in age, number of operative vertebral bodies, whether combinedwith degenerative scoliosis and whether anti osteoporosis treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Combined scoliosis is an independent risk factor for refracture after OVCFs vertebroplasty, and it is also a possible high-risk factor for refracture after surgery.


Subject(s)
Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty/adverse effects , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebral Body
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883585

ABSTRACT

Objective:The clinical flow examination (CFE) scale was used to evaluate the effect of standardized residency training in the department of anesthesiology in West China Hospital of Sichuan University.Methods:Using the CFE scale, 98 students were tested three times consecutively, and then satisfaction surveys were conducted on the assessment tutors and students respectively. IBM SPSS software was used to test the reliability and validity of the CFE scale, and then the scores and satisfaction were statistically analyzed. SPSS 23.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:The CFE scale had high reliability and validity, and the results of 95 students were included for analysis. The 95 students had a very high rate of excellence in basic, professional and final grades. Except that the basic, professional and final overall scores of the female group were higher than those of the male group ( P < 0.05), the differences between the other groups were not statistically significant ( P > 0.05). Results of the CFE satisfaction survey showed that the satisfaction of students and instructors was 98.9% and 100%, respectively. Conclusion:CFE scale can be well used to evaluate the effect of standardized residency training, and the training effect of anesthesiology department in our hospital is good and basically homogeneous, while there is still room for further improvement.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879672

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#This research examined road traffic injury mortality and morbidity disparities across of country development status, and discussed the possibility of reducing country disparities by various actions to accelerate the pace of achieving Sustainable Development Goals target 3.6 - to halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents by 2020.@*METHODS@#Data for road traffic mortality, morbidity, and socio-demographic index (SDI) were extracted by country from the estimates of the Global Burden of Disease study, and the implementation of the three types of national actions (legislation, prioritized vehicle safety standards, and trauma-related post-crash care service) were extracted from the Global Status Report on Road Safety by World Health Organization. We fitted joinpoint regression analysis to identify and quantify the significant rate changes from 2011 to 2017.@*RESULTS@#Age-adjusted road traffic mortality decreased substantially for all the five SDI categories from 2011 to 2017 (by 7.52%-16.08%). Age-adjusted road traffic mortality decreased significantly as SDI increased in the study time period, while age-adjusted morbidity generally increased as SDI increased. Subgroup analysis by road user yielded similar results, but with two major differences during the study period of 2011 to 2017: (1) pedestrians in the high SDI countries experienced the lowest mortality (1.68-1.90 per 100,000 population) and morbidity (110.45-112.72 per 100,000 population for incidence and 487.48-491.24 per 100,000 population for prevalence), and (2) motor vehicle occupants in the high SDI countries had the lowest mortality (4.07-4.50 per 100,000 population) but the highest morbidity (428.74-467.78 per 100,000 population for incidence and 1025.70-1116.60 per 100,000 population for prevalence). Implementation of the three types of national actions remained nearly unchanged in all five SDI categories from 2011 to 2017 and was consistently stronger in the higher SDI countries than in the lower SDI countries. Lower income nations comprise the heaviest burden of global road traffic injuries and deaths.@*CONCLUSION@#Global road traffic deaths would decrease substantially if the large mortality disparities across country development status were reduced through full implementation of proven national actions including legislation and law enforcement, prioritized vehicle safety standards and trauma-related post-crash care services.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879194

ABSTRACT

The aim of the research was to evaluate the efficacy and safety associated with Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pills combined with conventional therapy for patients with coronary heart disease(CHD). We searched 8 electronic databases up to November 2020, including PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and SinoMed. Eligible studies were clinical trials of Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pills combined with conventional therapy used in the treatment of coronary heart disease(CHD). The Meta-analysis was performed using STATA 15 software. A total of 21 RCTs(n=2 186) were shortlisted for the Meta-analysis. The results of efficacy evaluation showed that the total effective rate of Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pills combined with conventional therapy was higher than that of conventional therapy of coronary heart disease(RR=1.20, 95%CI[1.15, 1.26], Z=8.63, P<0.001). Furthermore, Shexiang Tongxin Dripping Pills combined with conventional therapy had better effect on electrocardiogram efficacy(RR=1.24, 95%CI[1.16, 1.34], Z=5.98, P<0.001) and the number of angina attacks(SMD=-2.30, 95%CI[-3.47,-1.14], Z=3.88, P<0.001), the duration of angina attack(SMD=-2.31, 95%CI[-3.07,-1.55], Z=5.97, P<0.001), with lower levels of LDL-C(SMD=-0.73, 95%CI[-1.32,-0.14], Z=2.42, P=0.016), TC(SMD=-1.16, 95%CI[-1.35,-0.96], Z=11.56, P<0.001) and TG(SMD=-0.87, 95%CI[-1.06,-0.68], Z=8.97, P<0.001), and higher levels of HDL-C(SMD=0.87, 95%CI[0.02, 1.71], Z=2.00, P=0.045). The results of safety evaluation showed that the incidence of adverse reactions of Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pills combined with conventional therapy was lower than that of conventional therapy of coronary heart disease(RR=0.45, 95%CI[0.22, 0.91], Z=2.23, P=0.026). There were significant differences in the above outcome indexes between the two groups. After the Harbord method test, the total effective rate outcome index has publication bias, but the sensitivity analysis of the cut-and-fill method suggested that the result was stable. In general, limited by the quantity and quality of included literature, more high-quality studies are needed to further verify the conclusions of this study.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Electrocardiography , Humans
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879164

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the economics of Suhuang Zhike Capsules in the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(AECOPD) for inpatients. Based on the published clinical research data, cost-utility analysis was used in this study to evaluate the pharmacoeconomics of Suhuang Zhike Capsules in treatment of AECOPD inpatients from the perspective of medical insu-rance. The test group was treated with Suhuang Zhike Capsules combined with conventional Western medicine, and the control group was treated with conventional Western medicine alone. Treeage software was used to construct a pharmacoeconomic model and perform simulation analysis. The results showed that the cost and output of Suhuang Zhike Capsules combined with the conventional Western medicine were 60 010.18 yuan and 1.92 quality adjusted life year(QALYs), respectively in the simulated 3 years of disease treatment. The cost and output of the conventional Western medicine were 96 730.60 yuan and 1.90 QALYs respectively. Suhuang Zhike Capsules combined with conventional Western medicine required lower cost but achieved higher output, showing cost-utility advantages, so this drug combination was a plan with pharmacoeconomic advantages. The sensitivity analysis results showed that the conclusion was relatively stable. Based on the above results, it is believed that as compared with the conventional Western medicine, Suhuang Zhike Capsules combined with conventional Western medicine have lower cost and higher output for the treatment of AECOPD inpatients, and it is a treatment plan with pharmacoeconomic advantages.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Economics, Pharmaceutical , Humans , Inpatients , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879098

ABSTRACT

This research was to evaluate the economics of Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pills combined with conventional therapy for patients with coronary heart disease(CHD) in Chinese medical environment. From the perspective of medical insurance, a Markov model was established in this study based on the results of Meta-analysis comparing the effectiveness and safety of Shexiang Tongxin Dripping Pills combined with conventional treatment and conventional treatment alone. The experimental group was treated with She-xiang Tongxin Dropping Pills combined with conventional Western medicine treatment, while the control group was treated with conventional Western medicine treatment alone. The cost-utility analysis and sensitivity analysis were performed for the two regimens using Treeage pro. After 30 cycles of model simulation, according to the results of Markov model, the total cost and health output were CNY 237 795.73 and 16.36 QALYs(the quality adjusted life years, QALYs), respectively for Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pills combined with conventional Western medicine treatment, CNY 247 396.55 and 16.36 QALYs respectively for the conventional Western medicine treatment alone. Compared with the conventional treatment alone, the Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pills combined with conventional treatment had lower long-term cost and higher health output, with advantages of cost-utility and pharmacoeconomic advantages. The sensitivity analysis results showed that the conclusion was relatively stable. Based on the above results, it is considered that compared with the conventional Western medicine alone, Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pill combined with conventional Western medicine is a treatment regimen with pharmacoeconomic advantages for the treatment of CHD.


Subject(s)
Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Economics, Pharmaceutical , Female , Humans
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1589-1594, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922300

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the ABO / RhD blood type of infants younger than 6 months in different gestational age and month old with automatic microcolumn glass sphere and tube method, and compare the result of the two methods.@*METHODS@#The data of 896 samples of infants younger than 6 months from January 2018 to February 2019 was collected. The two methods were used to detect ABO/RhD blood type in all samples and compare the detection rate of ABO/RhD antigen and ABO reverse typing and agglutination intensity of the two methods.@*RESULTS@#Three hundred and eight cases of type A (34.4%), 281 cases of type B (31.4%), 210 cases of type O (23.4%), 97 cases of type AB (10.8%), and 896 positive cases of RhD blood type were detected out by two methods. There were no significant differences of ABO/RhD antigen agglutination intensity between two methods (P > 0.05). Except for type AB, the detection rate of ABO reverse typing in infants with type B was significantly higher than that with type A and type O (P < 0.05). The agglutination intensity of type A reverse cell was higher than type B reverse cell (P < 0.05). The fully automatic microcolumn glass sphere method exhibited higher detection rate of ABO reverse typing in the samples of type A and type O group and agglutination intensity of ABO reverse typing in all types as compared with the tube method (P < 0.05). The detection rate and agglutination intensity of ABO reverse typing in term group were significantly higher than those in preterm group (P < 0.05). The fully automatic microcolumn glass sphere method exhibited higher detection rate of ABO reverse typing and agglutination intensity compared with the tube method between two groups (P < 0.05). The detection rate and agglutination intensity of ABO reverse typing in group IV (4-6 months old) were significantly higher than those in groups I, II and III (young than 3 months old) (P < 0.05). The fully automatic microcolumn glass sphere method exhibited higher detection rate of ABO reverse typing in I, II, III groups and agglutination intensity of ABO reverse typing in the 4 groups compared with the tube method (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ABO / RhD blood group antigen can be accurated detected in majority of infants, but the detection rate of ABO antibody is related to gestational age and month age of infants. The detection rate and agglutination intensity of the fully automatic microcolumn glass sphere method in ABO reverse typing are higher than those of the tube method, especially for premature infants and children within 3 months old.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System , Blood Grouping and Crossmatching , Humans , Infant
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899369

ABSTRACT

Background@#Two randomized phase III trials (EORTC55971 and CHORUS) showed similar progression-free and overall survival in primary or interval debulking surgery in ovarian cancer, however both studies had limitations with lower rate of complete resection and lack of surgical qualifications for participating centers. There is no consensus on whether neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by interval debulking surgery (NACT-IDS) could be a preferred approach in the management of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) in the clinical practice. @*Methods@#The Asian SUNNY study is an open-label, multicenter, randomized controlled, phase III trial to compare the effect of primary debulking surgery (PDS) to NACT-IDS in stages IIIC and IV EOC, fallopian tube cancer (FTC) or primary peritoneal carcinoma (PPC).The hypothesis is that PDS enhances the survivorship when compared with NACT-IDS in advanced ovarian cancer. The primary objective is to clarify the role of PDS and NACT-IDS in the treatment of advanced ovarian cancer. Surgical quality assures include at least 50% of no gross residual (NGR) in PDS group in all centers and participating centers should be national cancer centers or designed ovarian cancer section or those with the experience participating surgical trials of ovarian cancer. Any participating center should be monitored evaluating the proportions of NGR by a training set. The aim of the surgery in both arms is maximal cytoreduction. Tumor burden of the disease is evaluated by diagnostic laparoscopy or positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan. Patients assigned to PDS group will undergo upfront maximal cytoreductive surgery within 3 weeks after biopsy, followed by 6 cycles of standard adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients assigned to NACT group will undergo 3 cycles of NACT-IDS, and subsequently 3 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy. The maximal time interval between IDS and the initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy is 8 weeks. Major inclusion criteria are pathologic confirmed stage IIIC and IV EOC, FTC or PPC; ECOG performance status of 0 to 2; ASA score of 1 to 2. Major exclusion criteria are non-epithelial tumors as well as borderline tumors; low-grade carcinoma; mucinous ovarian cancer. The sample size is 456 subjects. Primary endpoint is overall survival.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891665

ABSTRACT

Background@#Two randomized phase III trials (EORTC55971 and CHORUS) showed similar progression-free and overall survival in primary or interval debulking surgery in ovarian cancer, however both studies had limitations with lower rate of complete resection and lack of surgical qualifications for participating centers. There is no consensus on whether neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by interval debulking surgery (NACT-IDS) could be a preferred approach in the management of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) in the clinical practice. @*Methods@#The Asian SUNNY study is an open-label, multicenter, randomized controlled, phase III trial to compare the effect of primary debulking surgery (PDS) to NACT-IDS in stages IIIC and IV EOC, fallopian tube cancer (FTC) or primary peritoneal carcinoma (PPC).The hypothesis is that PDS enhances the survivorship when compared with NACT-IDS in advanced ovarian cancer. The primary objective is to clarify the role of PDS and NACT-IDS in the treatment of advanced ovarian cancer. Surgical quality assures include at least 50% of no gross residual (NGR) in PDS group in all centers and participating centers should be national cancer centers or designed ovarian cancer section or those with the experience participating surgical trials of ovarian cancer. Any participating center should be monitored evaluating the proportions of NGR by a training set. The aim of the surgery in both arms is maximal cytoreduction. Tumor burden of the disease is evaluated by diagnostic laparoscopy or positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan. Patients assigned to PDS group will undergo upfront maximal cytoreductive surgery within 3 weeks after biopsy, followed by 6 cycles of standard adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients assigned to NACT group will undergo 3 cycles of NACT-IDS, and subsequently 3 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy. The maximal time interval between IDS and the initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy is 8 weeks. Major inclusion criteria are pathologic confirmed stage IIIC and IV EOC, FTC or PPC; ECOG performance status of 0 to 2; ASA score of 1 to 2. Major exclusion criteria are non-epithelial tumors as well as borderline tumors; low-grade carcinoma; mucinous ovarian cancer. The sample size is 456 subjects. Primary endpoint is overall survival.

14.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834451

ABSTRACT

Background@#In China, secondary cytoreductive surgery (SCR) has been widely used in ovarian cancer (OC) over the past two decades. Although Gynecologic Oncology Group-0213 trial did not show its overall survival benefit in first relapsed patients, the questions on patient selection and effect of subsequent targeting therapy are still open. The preliminary data from our pre-SOC1 phase II study showed that selected patients with second relapse who never received SCR at recurrence may still benefit from surgery. Moreover, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPi) maintenance now has been a standard care for platinum sensitive relapsed OC. To our knowledge, no published or ongoing trial is trying to answer the question if patient can benefit from a potentially complete resection combined with PARPi maintenance in OC patients with secondary recurrence. @*Methods@#SOC-3 is a multi-center, open, randomized, controlled, phase II trial of SCR followed by chemotherapy and niraparib maintenance vs chemotherapy and niraparib maintenance in patients with platinum-sensitive second relapsed OC who never received SCR at recurrence. To guarantee surgical quality, if the sites had no experience of participating in any OC-related surgical trials, the number of recurrent lesions evaluated by central-reviewed positron emission tomography–computed tomography image shouldn't be more than 3. Eligible patients are randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either SCR followed by 6 cyclesof platinum-based chemotherapy and niraparib maintenance or 6 cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy and niraparib maintenance alone. Patients who undergo at least 4 cycles of chemotherapy and must be, in the opinion of the investigator, without disease progression, will be assigned niraparib maintenance. Major inclusion criteria are secondary relapsed OC with a platinum-free interval of no less than 6 months and a possibly complete resection. Major exclusion criteria are borderline tumors and non-epithelial ovarian malignancies, received debulking surgery at recurrence and impossible to complete resection. The sample size is 96 patients. Primary endpoint is 12-month non-progression rate.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829111

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of the first domestic ACYW135 meningococcal conjugate vaccine and a control vaccine named AC group meningococcal conjugate vaccine for 3 months (90-119 days) infants. From February 2017 to June 2018, a randomized, blinded, and similar vaccine-controlled clinical trial design was adopted at the Henan Vaccine Clinical Research Base. The subjects were 3 months old healthy infants, a total of 720, based on a 1∶1 ratio. The random allocation table for entry was randomly assigned to the experimental group and the control group. According to the 3, 4, and 5 month-old vaccination procedures, the subjects were vaccinated with test vaccine (ACYW135 group meningococcal conjugate vaccine) and control vaccine (group A group C meningococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccine), of which 720 were given the first dose, 696 were given the second dose (test group: 346; control group: 350), and 692 were given the third dose (test group: 344; Control group: 348). The overall adverse reaction rate of the test vaccine was 21.90% (230 cases), which was lower than the 32.04% (339 cases) of the control vaccine (0.05). Group Y and W135 was 88.17% (298 cases), 99.41% (336 cases), respectively. The GMT results showed that the test vaccine group A was 56.24, the control vaccine was 57.43 (>0.05); the group C test vaccine (43.53) was higher than the control group (27.28) (<0.001). The group Y and W135 are 89.22 and 140.66, respectively. Among them, the proportion of the group C GMT antibody ≥ 1∶128 for test vaccine (31.07%, 105 cases) was higher than the control vaccine (16.22%, 55 cases) (<0.001). ACYW135 group meningococcal conjugate vaccine has more safety and immunogenicity after application to 3 month old infants.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Bacterial , Humans , Infant , Meningococcal Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Vaccines, Conjugate
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828382

ABSTRACT

To clarify the difference of soil moisture characteristics between mixed broad leaf-conifer forest soil and artificial cultivation of Notopterygium incisum, the HYPROP system and the dew point potential meter were used to determine soil water retention curves(SWRC) for samples of two horizons(i.e. 2-7 cm, 10-15 cm). The basic physical and chemical properties of soil and its water characteristic parameters were also determined. The result showed as fllows:①The bulk density of mixed coniferous-broad leaf forest soil was between 0.33 and 0.52 g·cm~(-3), significantly lower than the corresponding value of field soil(1.01-1.18 g·cm~(-3))(P<0.05), While the organic matter content was significantly higher than the corresponding value of field soil(P<0.05). ②The saturated water content(θ_s), field water holding capacity(θ_(FC)) and Water that can be effectively utilized by plants(θ_(PAC)) of mixed coniferous-broadleaved forest soil were significantly higher than the corresponding value of field soil(P<0.05), while the retained water content(θ_r) value that cannot be effectively utilized by plants was significantly lower than that of field soil(P<0.05). ③The values of structural porosity(0.13-0.24 cm~3·cm~(-3)) and Matrix porosity(0.34-0.44 cm~3·cm~(-3)) of mixed coniferous-broadleaved forest soil were higher than the corresponding values of field soil. Therefore, with low bulk density and high content of organic matter, mixed coniferous-broadleaved forest soil can store more water in soil in the form of effective water to meet the needs of plants for water, thus possibly forming high quality medicinal materials of Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix. In conclusion, the results of this study can provide theoretical basis guidance for soil structure improvement and water management to form high quality medicinal materials in the artificial cultivation of N. incisum.


Subject(s)
Apiaceae , China , Forests , Soil , Tracheophyta , Water
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812929

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the spatio-temporal characteristics of Oncomelania hupensis snails along the Danyang section of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal and the Danyang-Jintan-Liyang Canal, so as to provide scientific evidence for the dynamic assessment of the risk of snail spread in this region. Methods O. hupensis snail status was collected in the plain regions with waterway networks in the study area from 2012 to 2017. The spatio-temporal variations of snail distribution were investigated along the Danyang section of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal and the Danyang-Jintan-Liyang Canal using buffer zone analysis, spatial autocorrelation, hotspot analysis and standard deviational ellipse with the geographical information system (GIS) tools. Results The number of snail habitats showed a tendency towards a rise in the study area from 2012 to 2017, and snail habitats were predominantly distributed in the 1 000 m long buffer zone of the Danyang-Jintan-Liyang Canal, notably along the Jiuqu River at the junction between the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal and the Danyang-Jintan-Liyang Canal. The distribution of snail habitats appeared spatial autocorrelations in 2014, 2016 and 2017, and the hotspot areas were mainly identified at the junction between the Danyang-Jintan-Liyang Canal and the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal. In addition, the overall distribution of snail habitats was located in the northeastern-southwestern part of the study aera, and gradually shifted to the southern and northern parts with the time. Conclusions The spatial distribution of O. hupensis snails is complex along the Danyang section of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal and the Danyang-Jintan-Liyang Canal, and there is a risk of snail spread from the upper reaches to the lower reaches, where snail control needs to be intensified.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869922

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of high versus low positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) for lung-protective ventilation strategies through a meta analysis.Methods:Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EBSCO, Embase, Medline, CNKI, Wanfang data and VIP data were searched from inception to July 15, 2019 for prospective randomized controlled trials involving comparing the effects of ventilation with different levels of PEEP for lung-protective ventilation strategies during operation.Evaluation indexes included: incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications and other complications, and incidence of intraoperative hypotension.After two reviewers independently identified the literature and conducted data extraction and quality evaluation, RevMan 5.3 software was used to analyze the data.Results:Eight prospective randomized controlled trials involving 3 324 participants were included.Compared with low PEEP group, no significant change was found in the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications and other complications ( P>0.05), and the incidence of intraoperative hypotension was significantly increased in high PEEP group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The effect of lung-protective ventilation strategy with high PEEP is not superior to that with low PEEP.

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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 720-725, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867771

ABSTRACT

Objective:To Analyze the risk factors and prognosis of patients with hyperfibrinolysis after severe trauma.Methods:A prospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of severe trauma patients whose injury severity score (ISS)≥16 points admitted to First People's Hospital of Taicang from October 2017 to December 2018. Blood clot dissolution rate parameter (LY30) ≥3% was diagnosed as hyperfibrinolysis. The patients were divided into hyperfibrinolysis group ( n=27) and non-hyperfibrinolysis group ( n=27). Data were collected including patients' general information, hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), platelet count (PLT), fibrinogen (Fg), lactic acid value and thrombelastograghy (TEG). Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to identify risk factors of hyperfibrinolysis after severe trauma. Prognostic indicators and K-M survival curve of the patients were analyzed. Results:(1) A total of 142 patients with severe trauma were enrolled. There were 101 males and 41 females, aged 45-65 years (mean, 56 years). The incidence of hyperfibrinolysis was 14.8%. (2) Univariate analysis showed that ISS, abbreviated injury scale (AIS) ratio of pelvic limbs ≥3 points, shock index (SI) ratio >1, temperature, PLT, Fg and lactic acid value were correlated with the occurrence of hyperfibrinolysis after severe trauma ( P<0.05). (3) Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that PLT ( OR=1.035), ISS ( OR=0.898) and lactate acid value ( OR=0.735) were independent risk factors for hyperfibrinolysis after severe trauma ( P<0.05 or 0.01). (4) Hyperfibrinolysis group required more massive transfusion (38.1% vs. 2.5%), were more prone to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) (90.5% vs. 48.8%), and had a higher 24-hour mortality (47.6% vs. 8.3%), when compared with non-hyperfibrinolysis group ( P<0.01). K-M survival curve indicated that the median survival time in hyperfibrinolysis group after trauma was 1.33 days ( IQR, 0.40-17.20 days). Conclusions:The incidence of hyperfibrinolysis after severe trauma is low. ISS, PLT and lactic acid value are the independent risk factors for hyperfibrinolysis after severe trauma. Patients with severe post-traumatic hyperfibrinolysis are characterized by high probabilities of massive transfusion and MODS, short survival time and high early mortality.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863859

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common disease faced by clinicians. Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) has a high mortality rate, so early identification of patients who may develop into SAP is of great significance for guiding treatment. Machine learning is a multi-layer representational learning algorithm that analyzes and obtains laws from existing data and uses these laws to make predictions on unknown data. This study established an SAP prediction scoring system based on machine learning, which can predict the SAP risk of patients within 24 hours. The prediction accuracy rate is as high as 87.36% and AUC 94.11%. The model can better assist clinical decision-making and treatment, and guide doctors to make relevant interventions earlier.

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