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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355256


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and age on sleep architecture and the therapeutic effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed 222 subjects undergoing polysomnography (PSG) for snoring, who received CPAP under PSG on the next day following the initial PSG. The sleep architecture of the subjects in different age groups and in groups with different severities of OSAHS was analyzed before and after adjustment for apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) or age. The sleep architecture and ventilation function of the patients with OSAHS were also analyzed after CPAP.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>N3 sleep showed the strongest correlation with AHI (r=-0.361), and REM sleep and wake after sleep onset (WASO) were the most strongly correlated with age (r=-0.211 and 0.216, respectively). The 4 age groups showed significant differences in sleep efficiency (P<0.001), N1 (P=0.015), N2 (P=0.013) and REM (P=0.030) sleeps, and WASO (P=0.001) but not in AHI (P=0.185). REM sleep decreased and WASO increased with an increasing age. The sleep efficiency and architecture were still significant different after adjustment for AHI. In 4 groups with different severity of OSAHS, N1, N2 and N3 sleeps were significant different after adjustment for age (P=0.011, 0.017, 0.001). In patients with moderate or severe OSAHS, N3 sleep increased with the increase of AHI. After CPAP for OSAHS, N1 and N2 sleeps significantly decreased, and N3 and REM sleeps increased (P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Between OSAHS and age, REM sleep and WTSO are more importantly affected by age, while OSAHS more strongly affects N3 sleep. CPAP can improve the sleep quality of patients with OSAHS.</p>

Age Factors , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Humans , Polysomnography , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep Stages , Snoring
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352346


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship of continuous positive airway pressure and pulmonary function in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), and formulate the prediction equation for the effective therapeutic pressure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In a retrospective cross-sectional study of 48 patients with established OSAHS, all the patients were carefully examined for their medical history, and overnight sleep monitoring was carried out to measure the sleep apnea-hypopnea index, mean oxygen saturation, minimum oxygen saturation, and oxygen drop index. The data of manual pressure titration (effective pressure) and pulmonary function tests (tidal volume, one second forced expiratory volume, central airway resistance, and peripheral airway resistance were collected for multiple linear regression analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The effective therapeutic pressure was not correlated with the indices of the pulmonary functions in the patients, but showed correlations with the neck circumference, abdominal circumference, apnea-hypopnea index, mean oxygen saturation, least oxygen saturation, and oxygen desaturation index. Multiple linear regression (α=0.05 test level) identified only oxygen desaturation index (P=0.012) and mean oxygen saturation (P=0.036) as the dependent variables of the effective therapeutic pressure. Linear regression analysis showed that the effective therapeutic pressure had a linear relationship with the oxygen drop index and mean oxygen saturation, and was inversely correlated with the mean oxygen saturation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In patients with OSAHS, the pulmonary function indices are not correlated with the effective therapeutic pressure. In the absence of manual pressure titration, the effective therapeutic pressure can be predicted using the prediction equation: effective therapy pressure = 24.262+0.044×oxygen desaturation index -0.19×average oxygen saturation.</p>

Adult , Aged , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Middle Aged , Polysomnography , Respiratory Function Tests , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Therapeutics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384775


Objective Screening OSAHS patients on pregnancy with Modified Epworth Sleepiness Scale( Epworth sleepiness scale,ESS)and to assess its effect. Methods 22 patients underwent the pregnancy,and pregnancy with OSAHS( mild in 23 cases,22 cases of moderate and severe in 19 cases)group were 64 people, By ESS and modified ESS score, EP and modified EP values was derived. The neck circumference ( NC), body mass index (BMI) was measured. Conduct of polysomnography ( PSG), apnea hypopnea index ( AHI ) and lowest oxygen saturation ( LSaO2 )ESS and modified ESS correlation with the AHI was analyzed and ROC curves was drawn. Results The EP value of pregnancy with mild OSAHS group has no significant difference between normal pregnancy group( P > 0.05) ;the rest of pregnancy OSAHS group modified EP, EP values and the normal pregnancy group were significantly different ( all P<0.05) ;modified EP, EP, NC, BMI values positively correlated with the AHI value, the correlation coefficient r were :0.876,0.748,0.671,0.670 ( all P < 0.001 ) ;modified EP, EP, NC, BM I of the A UC values were 0.901,0.819,0.750, 0.779; when the modified EP = 8.5, had higher sensitivity ( 84.4% ) and specificity ( 90.9% ).Conclusion Modified ESS on pregnancy OSAHS patients had better clinical value of screening.