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Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 137-141, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883680


Objective:To understand the plague epidemic characteristics in the natural foci of the Qilian Mountains-A-erh-chin Mountains Himalayan marmot plague in Gansu Province, and to provide scientific basis for innovative prevention and control of the plague in combination with local conditions. Methods:A retrospective study was used to collect the monitoring data of the natural foci of plague in Gansu Province from 2011 to 2018 (from the epidemic surveillance files of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Gansu Province and direct network reporting information). Descriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze the plague epidemic characteristics of natural foci of the Qilian Mountains-A-erh-chin Mountains Himalayan marmot plague in Gansu Province from 2011 to 2018, including the distribution of host animals, pathogenic and serological testing of the plague bacteria, and the epidemic characteristics of human plague. Results:From 2011 to 2018, the total average marmot density in the natural foci of the Qilian Mountains-A-erh-chin Mountains Himalayan marmot plague in Gansu Province was 0.21/hm 2, of which Tianzhu County had the highest average marmot density of 0.58/hm 2, and Jiayuguan City had the lowest average marmot density of 0.01/hm 2. A total of 381 strains of Yersinia pestis were isolated in the foci, of which 4 were isolated from human corpses, 298 were host animals, and 79 were infectious vectors. Among them, the top 3 counties (cities) of isolated strains were Aksai County (38.85%, 148 strains), Subei County (31.50%, 120 strains) and Yumen City (16.27%, 62 strains). A total of 6 860 marmot serum, 1 769 dog serum were tested, the F1 antibody positive rates were 2.70% (185/6 860), 8.42% (149/1 769); and the F1 antigen positive rate of 814 animal materials was 4.30% (35/814), respectively. There were 4 times of human plague, 4 cases occurred and 4 cases died; 3 times occurred in Subei County and 1 time in Yumen City. The onset months were July, September, November and December. Active contact with infected animals such as shepherd dogs was the main route of infection, and migrant herders were the key occupation population. Conclusions:The animal epidemic situation in the natural foci of the Qilian Mountains-A-erh-chin Mountains Himalayan marmot plague in Gansu Province is active, and the plague presents different epidemic states in different regions. The prevention and control measures should be taken according to local conditions and guided by classification to strictly prevent the occurrence and transmission of the plague.

Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 513-516,534, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618026


We studied Yersinia infection and carriage in shepherd dog on the natural foci of Marmota himalayana plague and investigated the substitution or antagonism relationship among three pathogenic Yersinia in nature,providing a novel approach for prevention and control of plague.Blood sample and rectal swab specimens from shepherd dogs were collected.Rectal swab specimens were detected and isolated for Y.enterocolitican and Y.pseudotuberculosis.IHA was used to measure the positive rate of F1 antibody.Results showed that among 88,94,70 and 64 serum specimens respectively from Akesai,Subei,Sunan,and Tianzhu,IHA positive rates were 31.82%,32.98%,2.86% and 1.56% separately.A total of 236 anal swab specimens of shepherd dog were collected,among which one Y.kristensenii strain and 2 non-pathogenic Y.enterocolitica strain were recovered from Akesai and Subei respectively,where plague was violently prevalent in animals.All the results indicate that shepherd dogs in natural foci of M.himalayana plague where plague in animals are prevalent with non-pathogenic Y.enterocolitica,is an evidence of antagonism relationship in three pathogenic Yersinia.

Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 802-805, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668723


Objective To apply the DNA barcoding technology for identification of rodent animals and to establish a rodent animal DNA barcode database in Gansu Province.Methods A total of 54 rodent animals were detected.DNA barcoding technology was used to analyze the DNA mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase subunit Ⅰ (CO Ⅰ) gene sequence in Gansu Province.Results The intra-specific genetic distance was 0-2% while the interspecific distance ranged from 18% to 30%.Eight major clusters were apparently showed on a Neighbor joining tree.Conclusion DNA barcoding technology could overcome the shortcomings of the morphological identification,so it could be used to identify the rodent animals and has important implications for disease control and prevention in the natural focus of Gansu Province.