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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879059

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Ginkgo Leaf Tablets(GLT) in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction(ACI). Seven databases both at home and abroad were systematically retrieved from their establishment to March 2020. The data of the included studies were extracted after review and screening. The quality of the included studies was assessed with the Cochrane risk bias assessment tool, and then the included studies were put into Meta-analysis by RevMan 5.3 to evaluate the total cli-nical efficiency, neurological function score, blood lipids and incidence of adverse reactions in treatment of ACI by GLT. Finally, the GRADE system was adopted to evaluate the evidence quality of each outcome indicator and form recommendations. Ten studies involving 886 participants were included, all of which were of low quality. Meta-analysis results showed that,(1)in terms of the total clinical efficiency, GLT+Western medicine was superior to Western medicine alone(RR_(NDS)=1.20, 95%CI[1.06, 1.36], P=0.005; RR_(NIHSS)=1.35, 95%CI[1.09, 1.69], P=0.007), and there was no statistical difference between GLT+Xuesaitong Injection+Wes-tern medicine and Xuesaitong Injection+Western medicine(RR=1.16, 95%CI[1.00, 1.35], P=0.05).(2)In terms of improving neurological function score, GLT+Western medicine was superior to Western medicine alone(MD_(NIHSS[moderate(severe)])=-1.55, 95%CI[-2.22,-0.88], P<0.000 01; MD_(NIHSS(severe))=-7.51, 95%CI[-8.00,-7.02], P<0.000 01; MD_(NDS)=-1.36, 95%CI[-2.39,-0.33], P=0.01), and GLT+Danshen Injection+Western medicine was superior to Danshen Injection+Western medicine(MD_(NDS)=-3.09, 95%CI[-3.84,-2.34], P<0.000 01).(3)In terms of regulating blood lipids, GLT+Western medicine was superior to Wes-tern medicine alone(MD_(TC)=-1.40, 95%CI[-2.13,-0.66], P=0.000 2; MD_(TG)=-1.29, 95%CI[-1.86,-0.73], P<0.000 01; MD_(LDL-C)=-1.48, 95%CI[-2.91,-0.04], P=0.04; MD_(HDL-C)=0.07, 95%CI[0.02, 0.12], P=0.009).(4)In terms of incidence of adverse reactions, there was no statistical difference between GLT+Western medicine and Western medicine alone(RR=0.63, 95%CI[0.30, 1.32], P=0.22). The results of the evaluation showed that the evidence level of each outcome indicator was low, and the recommendation was at weak level. In conclusion, GLT+Western medicine could improve the total clinical efficiency, neurological function score, and blood lipid status, with a low incidence of adverse reactions. However, due to the small amount of included stu-dies, low study quality and low level of evidence, it is expected to carry out clinical studies with standardized design and large sample size in the future to further investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of GLT in the treatment of ACI.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Ginkgo biloba , Humans , Plant Leaves , Tablets , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878940

ABSTRACT

Based on the clinical characteristics of chronic atrophic gastritis in traditional Chinese and Western medicine, the domestic and foreign relevant literature reports and animal models of chronic atrophic as well as the clinical diagnostic indicators of traditional Chinese and western medicine, chronic atrophic gastritis evaluation standard was summarized to evaluate and analyze the coincidence degree of clinical symptoms of the existing chronic atrophic gastritis animal models. The statistical results found that modeling methods with a higher coincidence degree with the existing chronic atrophic gastritis animal models are disease and syndrome combination mode-ling, surgical modeling, multifactor comprehensive modeling and MNNG modeling. Although the animal models were reproduced by such methods as etiology, pathogenesis and disease and syndrome combination similar to those of human beings, there is still a big gap with the natural disease state. Further in-depth studies and improvement shall be made in clinical practice in the hope to provide refe-rence for clinical practice and experimental studies of chronic atrophic gastritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastritis, Atrophic , Humans , Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Models, Animal
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1087-1092, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878125

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Normal tension glaucoma (NTG) is a less pressure-dependent type of glaucoma with characteristic optic neuropathy. Recently, the biomechanical mechanism has been thought to account for glaucomatous optic neuropathy to some degree. We intended to compare dynamic corneal response parameters (DCRs) among patients with primary open-angle glaucoma with normal tension or hypertension and controls. The correlations between DCRs and known risk factors for glaucoma were also analyzed.@*METHODS@#In this cross-sectional study, 49 NTG subjects, 45 hypertension glaucoma (HTG) subjects, and 50 control subjects were enrolled. We compared the differences in DCRs using corneal visualization Scheimpflug technology among the NTG, HTG, and control groups. We also analyzed the correlations between DCRs and known risk factors for glaucoma (eg, central corneal thickness [CCT], intraocular pressure [IOP], etc).@*RESULTS@#The maximum inverse concave radius (NTG: 0.18 [0.17, 0.20] mm-1; control: 0.17 [0.16, 0.18] mm-1; P = 0.033), deformation amplitude ratio of 2 mm (DAR 2 mm, NTG: 4.87 [4.33, 5.39]; control: 4.37 [4.07, 4.88]; P  0.05). In the univariate and multivariate analyses, some of the DCRs, such as IR, were negatively correlated with CCT and IOP, whereas SP-A1 was positively correlated with CCT and IOP.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The cornea was more deformable in NTG than in HTG or controls. There were no significant differences in corneal deformability between HTG and controls. The cornea was more deformable with the thinner cornea and lower IOP.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Cornea , Cross-Sectional Studies , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Humans , Hypertension , Intraocular Pressure , Low Tension Glaucoma
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882034

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of intestinal protozoan infections among rural children in Henan Province. Methods A total of 104 survey sites were sampled from 35 counties (cities) in Henan Province using the stratified cluster sampling method to investigate the prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections among rural children from 2014 to 2015. The trophozoites and cysts of intestinal protozoa were identified using the iodine staining method and the physiological saline direct smear method (one detection for one stool sample). The prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections was compared among rural children with different characteristics, and the factors affecting intestinal protozoan infections among rural children were identified. Results The overall prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections was 0.60% (40/6 771) among rural children in Henan Province from 2014 to 2015. There were 7 species of intestinal protozoa identified, and there was no species-specific prevalence (χ2 = 37.732, P = 0.000). No significant differences were found in prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections among rural children in terms of gender (χ2 = 1.793, P = 0.181), age (χ2 = 1.443, P = 0.486), occupation (χ2 = 0.219, P = 0.896) or ecological region (χ2 = 1.700, P = 0.637). In addition, terrain (χ2 = 2.311, P = 0.510), economic level (χ2 = 4.322, P = 0.229), source of drinking water (χ2 = 0.731, P = 0.393), eating raw vegetables (χ2 = 1.134, P = 0.287) and deworming (χ2 = 1.089, P = 0.297) had no remarkable effects on the prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections among rural children in Henan Province; however, the prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections varied significantly among rural children living in regions with different coverage of non-harmless toilets (χ2 = 10.050, P = 0.018). Conclusion The prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections is low among rural children in Henan Province.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882029

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effectiveness of a new health education pathway for echinococcosis control among primary school students in regions highly prevalent for echinococcosis in China. Methods Six primary schools were randomly selected from echinococcosis hyper-endemic regions, with 13 classes assigned to the intervention group and 9 to the control group, and all students in these 21 classes were recruited as the study subjects. Echinococcosis health education was performed through the pathway of assessing the current status-strengthening the building of teaching resources-focusing on practices in the intervention group, while routine health education was given in the control group. A questionnaire survey was performed to assess the score of echinococcosis control knowledge (including theoretical knowledge score and mean daily practical capability score) before and after the health education interventions to evaluate the effectiveness of this new health education pathway for echinococcosis control. Results The mean score of echinococcosis control knowledge was 68.86 ± 18.70 points at baseline, with the mean theoretical knowledge score of 40.97 ± 10.75 points, and the mean daily practical capability score of 27.89 ± 12.50 points. Clustering analysis showed three types of populations, including “unsatisfactory”, “learn and apply creatively”, and “rote learning”, which accounted for 24.62% (240/975), 45.74% (446/975) and 29.64% (289/975), respectively. The mean score of echinococcosis control knowledge was 81.08 ± 18.15 points in the intervention group during the final assessment, with the mean theoretical knowledge score of 43.65 ± 9.40 points, and the mean daily practical capability score of 37.43 ± 12.22 points, and both were significantly higher relative to baseline (t = −4.201 and −15.202, both P values < 0.01). The mean score of echinococcosis control knowledge was comparable between at baseline (70.55 ± 19.46 points) and final assessment (71.74 ± 19.37 points) in the control group (t = −0.87, P > 0.05). Conclusions The awareness of echinococcosis control knowledge is fair among primary school students in echinococcosis hyper-endemic regions; however, the capability of combining theoretical learning and practices requires to be improved. The health education mode based on the pathway of assessing the current status-strengthening the building of teaching resources-focusing on practices seems to remarkably improve the understanding of echinococcosis control knowledge among primary school students in echinococcosis hyper-endemic regions.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1466-1472, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881283

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the co rrelation of the chro maticity value of Schizonepeta tenuifolia charcoal of different processing time(0-40 min,similarly herein after)with multiple indicators ,and to reveal the quality change law of S. tenuifolia charcoal during processing and confirm the terminal time. METHODS :The contents of ethanol-soluble extracts from S. tenuifolia charcoal decoction pieces of different processing time were determined. UPLC fingerprint of S. tenuifolia decoction pieces and S. tenuifolia charcoal decoction pieces of different processing time were established ,and the similarity evaluation was also conducted. The chromatographic peaks were confirmed by comparison with substance control. The same UPLC conditions were used to determine the contents of index components (hesperidin,rosmarinic acid ,menthone)in S. tenuifolia charcoal decoction pieces of different processing time. The colorimetric method was used to measure the chromaticity value of S. tenuifolia charcoal decoction pieces of different processing time. Meanwhile ,sample of processing 0 min was used as a control to calculate the total color value (E)and the total color difference value (ΔE). Pearson correlation analysis ,cluster analysis and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA)were performed on the ethanol-soluble extracts ,index component contents ,chromatographic peak area and chromaticity value. The terminal time of processing S. tenuifolia charcoal was conf irmed,and validation test was also conducted. RESULTS :With the extension of processing time , the content of ethanol-soluble extract in S. tenuifolia charcoal qq.com decoction pieces gradually decreased. A total of 17 chromato- graphic peaks were identified in 12 batches of S. tenuifolia decoction piece ,and its si milarity with the control fingerprint was greater than 0.9. 21 chromatographic peaks were identified in S. tenuifolia charcoal decoction pieces of different processing time,and its similarity with the chromatogram of sample of processing 0 min decreased with the processing time ,and the similarity after 18 min was lower than 0.9. The chromatographic peak 9 was hesperidin ,peak 10 was rosmarinic acid and peak 17 was menthone. The determination of content and chromaticity value showed that with the extension of processing time ,the contents of hesperidin ,rosmarinic acid and menthone decreased gradually ;the color L,b and E values of S. tenuifolia charcoal decoction piece powder decreased gradually ,and the a and ΔE values increased gradually. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the contents of ethanol-soluble extract ,hesperidin,rosmarinic acid and menthone ,the peak areas of 15 chromatographic peaks (peak 2,7-15,17-21)were significantly positively correlated with E value(P<0.01);the peak areas of 5 chromatographic peaks (peak 1,3-6)were significantly negatively correlated with E value(P<0.01),but peak area of peak 16 was not related to E value(P> 0.05). Results of cluster analysis showed that S. tenuifolia charcoal decoction pieces of different processing time were divided into 2 categories;the first category was processed for 0-16 min,and the second category was processed for 18-40 min. The results of OPLS-DA showed that the VIP values of peak 6 area(2.800 75),L value(2.327 54),peak 3 area(1.793 39),b value(1.735 78) and peak 5 area(1.244 04)were greater than 1. The final processing time of S. tenuifolia charcoal was 18 min. The results of validation experiment showed that the L,a and b values of S. tenuifolia charcoal decoction piece were 20.22-22.00,4.44-7.67, 9.78-13.00,and ΔE were 13.50-14.12,respectively. CONCLUSIONS :The chromaticity value of S. tenuifolia charcoal decoction pieces of different processing time is closely related to the contents of ethanol-soluble extract ,hesperidin,rosmarinic acid , menthone and the area of 20 chromatographic peaks. It is suggested that the terminal time of processing S. tenuifolia is 18 min.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880166

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of hematocrit (HCT) on the parameters of thromboelastography (TEG) in healthy adults, so as to judge coagulation and fibrinolysis more accurately.@*METHODS@#Three hundred and ninety-three healthy adults examined in Chengdu 363 Hospital Affiliated to Southwest Medical University from May 2018 to May 2019 were selected. HCT and TEG were detected at the same time. The differences of TEG parameters between the high HCT group and the low HCT group were compared. The correlation between HCT and TEG parameters was analyzed. The differences of TEG parameters between the healthy adults in Plateau and plain areas were compared.@*RESULTS@#Among the parameters of TEG, R and K in high HCT group were significantly higher, and Angle, MA and CI were significantly lower than those in low HCT group, which showed statistically significance (P0.05). R and K positively correlated with HCT (r=0.112, 0.517, P=0.027, 0.000), and Angle, MA and CI negatively correlated with HCT (r=-0.490, -0.408, -0.414, P=0.000). LY30 and EPL not correlated with HCT (P>0.05). HCT in plateau area was significantly higher than that in plain area (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The difference of HCT may affect the values of R, K, Angle, MA and CI in TEG parameters. R and K positively correlate with HCT, while Angle, MA and CI negatively correlate with HCT. It is suggested that a suitable TEG reference range for the local population should be established, in plateau area especially K, Angle, MA and CI, which will be more conducive to the accurate evaluation of patients' coagulation and fibrinolysis status.


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Coagulation , Hematocrit , Humans , Reference Values , Thrombelastography
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect and analyze coagulation related indexes and genotypes of a patient with congenital fibrinogen deficiency and his family members, and to investigate the possible molecular pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#Four peripheral blood samples (proband and 3 family members) were collected and the prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), fibrinogen (Fg), D-Dimer and eight coagulation factor indicators were detected. All exons and flanking sequences of the FGA, FGB, and FGG genes encoding the three peptide chains of fibrinogen were sequenced and analyzed by bioinformatics.@*RESULTS@#Among the eight coagulation factors of the proband and the elder sister, F Ⅴ and F Ⅷ were slightly higher, TT was significantly prolonged, and Fg was significantly reduced. Sequencing results showed that c.901C>T heterozygous mutation existed in the FGG gene. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the mutation changed the original protein structure and reduced the number of hydrogen bonds.@*CONCLUSION@#The fibrinogen gamma chain c.901C>T heterozygous mutation is the main cause of congenital fibrinogen deficiency in this family. This mutation is reported for the first time at home and abroad.


Subject(s)
Afibrinogenemia/genetics , Aged , Fibrinogen/genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876228

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and estimate the possibility of early control in Shanghai if COVID-19 had begun in Shanghai. Methods Comparison was made in the processes of early control between H7N9 avian influenza in Shanghai in 2013 and COVID-19 in Wuhan in 2019.The early incidence data of Korean COVID-19 was simulated and analyzed to predict whether the medical resources needed in Shanghai were available. Results If it had occurred in Shanghai, it would have taken 22 days from the first case to the government′s emergency response.It was estimated that there would have been 602-763 patients with cumulative onset and onset after incubation period.At least 500 beds of infectious diseases could have been allocated in Shanghai in case of emergency.Through adding beds and resources reallocation in the whole city, patients could have been fully admitted and treated. Conclusion If COVID-19 epidemic had occurred in Shanghai, it′s early control would have been possible though there might have difficulties.

10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(12): e9487, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132506

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the association between serum non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) and cognitive dysfunction risk in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). This cross-sectional study enrolled 583 AIS patients. Biochemical markers and lipid profile were collected after admission. AIS patients were classified into high group (non-HDL-C ≥3.4 mM) and normal group (non-HDL-C <3.4 mM). Mini-Mental State Examination scale (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment scale (MoCA), Activities of Daily Living (ADL) scale, Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), and Hamilton Depression scale 21 version (HAMD-21) were applied on the third day after admission. Compared with the control group, patients of the high group had higher body mass index and higher frequency of intracranial artery stenosis, and exhibited higher levels of non-HDL-C, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, homocysteine, fasting blood glucose, and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (all P<0.05). Compared with the control group, patients of the high group had significantly lower MMSE and MoCA scores (MMSE: 26.01±4.17 vs 23.12±4.73, P<0.001; MoCA: 22.28±5.28 vs 20.25±5.87, P<0.001) and higher scores on the NPI and HAMD-21 (both P<0.001). MMSE (r=-0.306, P<0.001) and MoCA scores (r=-0.251, P<0.001) were negatively associated with non-HDL-C level. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that non-HDL-C level (OR=1.361, 95%CI: 1.059-1.729, P=0.016) was independently associated with the presence of cognitive dysfunction after adjusting for confounding factors. High serum non-HDL-C level might significantly increase the risk of cognitive dysfunction after AIS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Brain Ischemia/complications , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Activities of Daily Living , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Ischemic Stroke/complications , Cholesterol, HDL
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781485

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mutation rate and distribution of Homo sapiens neuroblastoma RAS viral oncogene homolog (NRAS) gene in the patients with acute myeloid leukemia.@*METHODS@#The genomic DNA of bone marrow was screened by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing for NRAS mutations. At the same time, the mutations of ASXL1, DNMT3A, TET2, CEBPA, FLT3, IDH2, NPM1 and c-KIT genes were also detected to analyze the relation with NRAS mutations.@*RESULTS@#A total of 11 NRAS mutations were found in 108 patients with initial acute myeloid leukemia and the mutation rate was 10.2%, including 6 cases of G12D, 3 cases of G13D, and 2 cases of G61K. In the mutation group, the peripheral blood leukocyte count was higher (P<0.05), more likely to occur in the M subtype, and the M subtype was mutually exclusive (P<0.05). Moreover, the mutant group was more likely to express CD13 than the non-mutation group (P<0.05), while no statistic difference was found in age, gender, hemoglobin level, platelet count, lactate dehydrogenase level, bone marrow blast, cytogenetics, complete remission rate and overall survival (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The mutation of NRAS gene has no effect on the prognosis of AML patients.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 132-135, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777813

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate effects of Qing Mang Yi Hao in the treatment of toxic optic atrophy.<p>METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 7 patients(13 eyes)suffered from toxic optic atrophy in Department of Ophthalmology, Dongfang Hospital Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, who were diagnosed as liver stagnation and blood deficiency and treated with Qing Mang Yi Hao formula. The formula treatments patients received were varying from 1 to 12 courses, and the clinical follow-up unequally lasted from 6-24mo. Then the formula clinical efficacy was comprehensively evaluated by comparing their visual acuity, visual field, visual evoked potential(VEP)and retinal nerve fiber layer(RNFL)thickness before and after treatment.<p>RESULTS: Seven cases(13 eyes)consisted of 5 ethambutol-induced optic neuropathy cases(10 eyes), 1 alcohol toxic neuropathy case(1 eye)and 1 rabies vaccine toxic neuropathy case(2 eyes). OCT showed the RNFL thicknesses on nasal and temporal quadrants were significantly thin at their first visits and the tendency of decreasing was noticed on each quadrant of RNFL thickness at the last follow-up. However, the visual acuity of 7 cases(13 eyes)had varying improvements: ≥0.1 4 eyes(31%), 0.06-<0.1 2 eyes(15%), 0.04-<0.06 1 eyes(8%), 0.01-<0.04 4 eyes(31%), no improvements 2 eyes(15%). The total efficacy rate of Qing Mang Yi Hao formula was 64%(27% significant).<p>CONCLUSION: Qing Mang Yi Hao could improve visual function, delay the progressive optic atrophy of TON, thus plays a significant role in optic neuroprotection.

13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1007-1010, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829062

ABSTRACT

Combined with the material characteristics of acupuncture needle, new connection technology and injection moulding technology, and through mechanical test, a new type of magnetic joint for electroacupuncture instrument, with regular appearance and simple manufacturing process, is developed, which can be connected with acupuncture needle in close range. This joint is composed of the inner magnet joint and the outer joint protective sleeve. The new conductive adhesive is used to simplify the manufacturing process. Its advantages include connection with acupuncture needle by magnetic force, being convenient to store when idle and easy to switch to the working state, and quick disconnection in case of emergency. This joint is connected safely and firmly with acupuncture needle by magnetic force, which shortens the operation time, improves the working efficiency, and effectively solves the problems existing in the crocodile clip connector.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829051

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (hi-HSCT) HLA-matched sibling donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (MSD-HSCT) and post-remission chemotherapy (PR-CT) in treatment of intermediate risk acute myeloid leukemia with negative for FLT3-ITD, NPM1 or biallelic CEBPA mutation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with intermediate risk NPM1/non-CEBPA/FLT3-ITD AML from October 2009 to May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The overall survival rate of the patients treated with PR-CT, MSD-HSCT or hi-HSCT was 63.7%, 71.7%, 75.5%, respectively (P<0.05); the disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 52.8%, 67.1%, 71.3% respectively (P<0.001); the cumulative incidence of relapse was 24.7%, 16.9%, 14.4% respectively (P<0.05); the non-relapse mortality was 26.2%, 17.3%, 14.4% reapectively (P>0.05). The analysis of transplantation, related adverse events showed that II-IV grade of aGVHD in the MSD-HSCT group and hi-HSCT group was 48.9% and 45.6% respectively (P>0.05); the extensive cGVHD event was 21.6% and 8.8% (P<0.05) respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The efficiency of hi-HSCT and MSD-HSCT is superior to that of PR-CT for treatment of patients with intermediate risk NPM1/non-CEBPA/FLT3-ITD AML after CR1, there is no statistically significant difference in the efficiency of consolidatorg treatment and the transplantation-related mortality between hi-HSCT and MSD-HSCT.


Subject(s)
CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827540

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aims to explore factors affecting the dental aesthetic social psychology of patients with skeletal malocclusion and to measure the relationship between the objective orthodontic requirements and the subjective treatment requirements of patients. This work provides a reference for doctors to measure patients' orthodontic treatment needs.@*METHODS@#Adult patients with skeletal malocclusion were chosen as the research object. Questionnaire survey was used to analyze factors influencing the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics questionnaire (PIDAQ), index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN), and Eysenck personality questionnaire-revised short scale for Chinese (EPQ-RSC). The relationship among PIDAQ, IOTN, EPQ-RSC, and treatment options was also evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Seventy-two valid questionnaires were collected from adult patients with skeletal malocclusion. 1) The PIDAQ scores significantly differed among different occupations (P0.05). People with low educational level were more likely to receive surgery if their psychosocial impacts of dental aes-thetics were serious. 5) The score of psychoticism scale of EPQ-RSC and the educa-tional level had a mutual influence on the PIDAQ score (P<0.01). Moreover, the neuroticism scale and AC self-assessment scores had a mutual influence on the PIDAQ score (P<0.05). However, this study did not find a correlation between personality traits and treatment options.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Many factors, such as personal natural conditions, subjective aesthetic evaluation of teeth, and psychosocial impacts of dental aesthetics, affect patients' treatment options. Personality characteristics can play a certain role in dental aesthetics social psychology.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Esthetics, Dental , Humans , Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need , Male , Malocclusion , Psychology, Social , Quality of Life , Self Concept , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1006-1011, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827170

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of soluble B7-H3 (sB7-H3) in patients with secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH).@*METHODS@#The plasma samples of 85 newly diagnosed sHLH patients from December 2012 to April 2018 were collected. The patients were divided into lymphoma-related HLH(LHLH)group and infection-related HLH(IHLH)group. The expression of sB7-H3 in plasma was detected by ELISA, and the clinical data were collected for analysis. Fifteen healthy people were chosen as control group.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of sB7-H3 in lymphoma-related HLH and infection-related HLH group significant increased as compared with the control group, (P<0.05), and the expression level of sB7-H3 in lymphoma-related HLH group was significant higher than that in infection-related HLH group [(35.75± 9.90) vs (28.70±8.95) ng/ml)] (P<0.001). There were no significant statistical difference in the expression of some clinical factors (including age, fever, splenomegaly, ANC, Plt, FIB, calcium ion, serum albumin, LDH, serum ferritin, sCD25) in lymphoma-related HLH and infection-related HLH group (P>0.05). The evaluation of expression and significance of sB7-H3 in sHLH by using ROC curve, showed that the area under ROC curve comparison of patients in lymphoma-related HLH group and infection-related HLH group was 0.718 (95% CI 0.610-0.810) (P=0.0002), and predicting the sensitivity and specificity of the lymphoma-related HLH patients were 77.36% and 59.38%, respectively. The best cut-off value of patients in sB7-H3 was 29.81 ng/ml, the overall survival time of sB7-H3 high-expression group (≥29.81 ng/ml) was significant shorter than that in low-expression group (<29.81 ng/ml) (24 vs 440 d) (P<0.001). The clinical factors affecting the survival status of sHLH patients were neutrophils, albumin, serum ferritin, serum calcium ions and sB7-H3 levels.@*CONCLUSION@#sB7-H3 associates with poor prognosis of sHLH patients, and may be involved in disease progression.


Subject(s)
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Lymphoma , ROC Curve
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1019-1024, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827168

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of combined infusion of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) on lung injury after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).@*METHODS@#The experiment was divided into normal control group, irradiation group, bone marrow cell transplantation group (BMT group), BMT+EPC group, BMT+MSC group and BMT+EPC+MSC group. The model of HSCT was established, on the 30th day after transplantation, the mice were sacrificed. Then lung tissue was taken for testing. The mRNA expression levels of VEGF, IL-18, IL-12b were detected by RT-PCR, and protein expression level of NLRP3 was detected by Western blot. The expression of MPO and CD146 was observed by immunohistochemistry assay.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of VEGF gene in BMT+EPC+MSC group was significantly higher than that in other groups (P<0.01). The expression level of IL-18 and IL-12b gene was the highest in BMT group and the lowest in BMT+EPC+MSC group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). HSCT could increase the expression of NLRP3 protein, and the BMT+EPC+MSC could significantly reduce the level of NLRP3 protein in lung cells, tending to normal. Compared with normal tissues, the BMT+EPC+MSC could improve the lung tissue structure more effectively, the expression of MPO positive cells was lower, and the expression of VEGF positive cells was higher.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combined infusion of MSC and EPC can promote capillary regeneration, alleviate inflammation and promote lung repair after HSCT, which is superior to single EPC or MSC infusion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Endothelial Progenitor Cells , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Lung Injury , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
18.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 655-661, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826915

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement is a common driver gene of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Ceritinib is a second-generation ALK inhibitor, which can bring survival benefits to ALK-positive metastatic NSCLC. However, few studies focus on the safety and efficacy of ceritinib in China. Therefore, this study intends to investigate the safety and preliminary efficacy of ceritinib 450 mg with meals in Chinese patients with ALK-positive NSCLC through a real world study.@*METHODS@#From October 2018 to December 2019, patients with ALK-positive NSCLC from 8 medical centers in Sichuan province were recruited in this study. All of these participants received ceritinib 450 mg/d with food. The basic characteristics, adverse effects (AEs) and responses were collected and analyzed in order to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ceritinib.@*RESULTS@#A total of 109 patients were included in this study. Data cutoff was January 23, 2020. The median duration of treatment exposure was 5.87 mon (range: 0.4 mon-15.7 mon). Total AEs were reported in 98 (89.9%) of 109 patients and grade 3 or 4 AEs were reported in 22.9% of patients. Most common AEs (mainly grade 1 or 2) were diarrhea (60.6%), elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(38.5%) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(37.6%). As of data cutoff, 45 patients discontinued ceritinib. The overall response rate (ORR) was 37.6% (95%CI: 28.5%-47.4%) and disease control rate (DCR) was 86.2% (95%CI: 78.3%-92.1%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The treatment of ceritinib 450 mg with food for Chinese ALK-positive NSCLC patients had a good safety profile and favorable DCR in real-world setting. However, this conclusion needs to be further verified by large sample, prospective trials.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826674

ABSTRACT

Based on the internationally-recognized Consolidated Standards for Reporting of Trials (CONSORT) statement and Standards for Reporting Interventions in Controlled Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA), the reported quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture for cancer pain during last 10 years were evaluated. The RCTs of acupuncture for cancer pain were searched by computer. The English databases included PubMed and EMbase while the Chinese databases included CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and SinoMed. The publication date of the literature was from March 2009 to March 2019. As a result, 22 Chinese RCTs and 13 English RCTs were included. According to the CONSORT statement, among the Chinese studies, 1 RCT reported primary and secondary outcomes, 8 RCTs reported randomization, none of RCTs reported allocation concealment and blind method, and 4 RCTs reported baseline data; among the English studies, 8 RCTs reported primary and secondary outcomes, 8 RCTs reported randomization, 6 RCTs reported described allocation concealment, 7 RCTs reported blind method, and 13 RCTs reported baseline data. According to the STRICTA statement, among the Chinese studies, 17 RCTs reported the name of acupoints, 6 RCTs reported depth of insertion, 17 RCTs reported acupuncture response sought, and none of RCTs reported the qualifications of acupuncturists; among the English studies, 12 RCTs reported the name of acupoints, 7 RCTs reported depth of insertion, 8 RCTs reported acupuncture response sought, and 7 RCTs reported the qualifications of acupuncturists. The Chinese RCTs have more detailed description of acupuncture intervention and theory, but not enough attention is paid to methodological description such as randomization, blindness, data analysis. On the other hand, the English RCTs have better description of methodology, but the description of theory and details of acupuncture is relatively weak. It is concluded that more efforts were needed to further improve the clinical trial design according to the CONSORT statement and STRICTA statement to improve the quality of clinical evidence.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Cancer Pain , Therapeutics , Humans , Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reference Standards
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826634

ABSTRACT

The rule and characteristics of clinical acupoint selection were explored in treatment of puerperal insufficient lactation with acupuncture and moxibustion. The clinical articles on the treatment of puerperal insufficient lactation with acupuncture and moxibustion were retrieved from the databases of CNKI, VIP and Wanfang from the date of establishment to June 1, 2019. The articles were screened in accordance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The prescriptions of acupuncture and moxibustion were extracted and normalized. Using Microsoft Excel 2016 software, the use frequency, meridians involved and acupoint distributions were analyzed. Using SPSS Statistics 21.0 software, the cluster and factor analyses were conducted. Totally, 102 articles were included,108 acupoint prescriptions were extracted, 65 acupoitns were designed and the total use frequency was 654 times. The top three acupoints used in treatment of puerperal insufficient lactation were Danzhong (CV 17), Rugen (ST 18) and Shaoze (SI 1). The most frequently involved meridians were the stomach meridian, the conception vessel, the small intestine meridian and the liver meridian. The acupoints were mainly distributed in the chest and four extremities. It was showed in cluster analysis that Rugen (ST 18), Shaoze (SI 1), Zusanli (ST 36) and Danzhong (CV 17) represent 3 clusters and a total of 7 common factors were extracted. The acupoint selection is based on syndrome differentiation in treatment of puerperal insufficient lactation with acupuncture and moxibustion, of which, the local acupoints are predominated and the distal acupoints are combined.

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