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1.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 868-876, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985489

ABSTRACT

Objective: This article investigated the clinical characteristics and distribution of drug resistance mutation sites in HBV RT region of hepatitis B infected patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis was made on 1 948 patients with HBV infection, who had been tested for NAs resistance mutation and had a medical history of NAs in the Laboratory Department of the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from January 2020 to December 2021. Basic clinical information and drug resistance related mutation information were recorded. Meanwhile, the serological index data of hepatitis B were collected. Drug resistance gene mutant group and non-mutated group were grouped according to whether the drug resistance genes had a mutation in HBV RT region, and the clinical characteristics and genotype distribution of the two groups were statistically analyzed. The pattern of drug resistance gene mutation, number of mutation sites, drug resistance type and mutation of NAs resistance-related sites were analyzed in 917 patients with drug resistance gene mutation in HBV RT region. χ2 Inspection was used for counting data. Meanwhile, two independent samples t-test and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used for measurement data. Results: Among the 1 948 patients with chronic HBV infection, 917 patients had drug resistance gene mutation in RT region (47.07%). The proportion of patients with acute hepatitis B and CHB in HBV RT resistance gene mutant group was lower than that in the non-mutated group, while the proportion of patients with HBV-related cirrhosis was higher than that in the non-mutated group, these differences were statistically significant. Compared with the non-mutated group in HBV RT region, the age, the positive rates of HBeAg and HBV DNA, and HBV DNA load of these patients were increased in drug resistance gene mutant group, these differences were statistically significant. Genotypes of patients in both groups were dominated by C, followed by B and D. The proportion of patients with genotype C in HBV RT drug resistance gene mutant group was higher than that of non-mutated group, the difference was statistically significant. There were 53 gene mutation patterns in 917 patients with drug resistance gene mutation in HBV RT region, and the main pattern was rtL180M+rtM204V+rtS202G (9.70%). The mutation sites were dominated by 3 (20.74%). There were 5 types of drug resistance, LAM+Ldt (21.25%) was the most. Among the 18 sites that were clearly associated with LAM, ADV, ETV and Ldt resistance in the HBV RT region, 14 sites were mutated, and the most common mutation sites were rtL180M, rtM204V, rtM204 and rtS202G. what's more, the proportion of patients with NAs drug resistance was LAM>Ldt>ETV>ADV. Conclusion: In order to prevent adverse consequences of this study such as disease recurrence or disease progression caused by HBV drug resistance, HBV infected patients, who have long-term use of NAs antiviral therapy, should monitor the level of HBV DNA and drug resistance genes in HBV RT region in order to optimize the treatment plan in time or guide individualized treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Mutation , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , Lamivudine/therapeutic use
2.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 183-186, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981922

ABSTRACT

For the treatment of an intertrochanteric fracture combined with femoral head necrosis in middle-age patients, it has been controversial whether to perform fracture reduction and fixation first then total hip replacement, or direct total hip replacement. We present a rare case of 53-year-old male patient suffered from bilateral intertrochanteric fracture caused by a road traffic injury. The patient had a history of femoral head necrosis for eight years, and the Harris score was 30. We performed total hip replacement with prolonged biologic shank prostheses for primary repair. One year after the surgery, nearly full range of motion was achieved without instability (active flexion angle of 110°, extension angle of 20°, adduction angle of 40°, abduction angle of 40°, internal rotation angle of 25°, and external rotation angle of 40°). The Harris score was 85. For the middle-aged patient with unstable intertrochanteric fractures and osteonecrosis of the femoral head, we can choose primary repair for concurrent bilateral intertrochanteric fracture and femoral head necrosis with prolonged shank biologic total hip replacement.


Subject(s)
Male , Middle Aged , Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Femur Head/surgery , Femur Head Necrosis/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Hip Fractures/surgery , Biological Products , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
3.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 178-184, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907001

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The antibacterial properties and bonding strength of 3M orthodontic adhesive resin modified by chlorhexidine acetate (CHA) composite mesoporous silica were investigated.@*Methods@# CHA with different mass fractions was encapsulated in mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) (denoted CHA@MSNs). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to characterize the samples. The 3M Z350XT flow resin was divided into 4 groups: group A: 3M+CHA@MSNs (0%); group B: 3M+CHA@MSNs (3%); group C: 3M+CHA@MSNs (5%); and group D: 3M+CHA@MSNs (6.4%), with mass scores of 0%, 3%, 5%, and 6.4%, respectively. The shear strength of the modified adhesive was tested by a universal electronic material testing machine, the adhesive residue was observed by a 10 × magnifying glass, and the adhesive Remnant index (ARI) was calculated. The four groups of modified adhesives were cultured with Streptococcus mutans. The OD540 value of the bacterial solution was measured by a spectrophotometer, and the amount of plaque attachment was observed by scanning electron microscopy to evaluate the antibacterial performance of the adhesives.@*Results@#Infrared spectroscopic analysis of CHA@MSNs showed that CHA was successfully loaded onto MSNs. Under scanning electron microscopy, it could be seen that, after Cha was combined with MSNs, the structure of MSNs changed, as the boundary was fuzzy and aggregated into a layered structure. A comparison of shear strength revealed a statistically significant difference between the groups containing CHA@MSNs and the groups without CHA@MSNs (P<0.05). The value of the shear strength in group D decreased the most, while there was no statistically significant difference between group B and group C (P > 0.05). There was no statistical significance across all groups (P > 0.05), suggesting that the addition of CHA@MSNs had little effect on the bracket shedding. The OD540 value of bacterial fluid indicated that the difference among groups A, B and C was statistically significant (P < 0.05), and the antibacterial effect of group C was the best; there was no statistically significant difference between group C and group D (P > 0.05).@*Conclusions@#Therefore, adding 5% CHA@MSN antibacterial agent significantly improved the antibacterial effect and did not affect the bond strength.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1345-1351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935010

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the effect of 0.02% mitomycin-C(MMC)on the corneal density after transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy(Trans-PRK). METHODS: Retrospective case analysis. Selected 28 patients with 56 eyes in moderate myopia who underwent Trans-PRK surgery from January 2021 to June 2021 in our hospital. They were divided into MMC group in 28 eyes with a combination of 0.02% MMC 20s during the surgery and the control group in 28 eyes was not use MMC during the surgery. The Pentacam anterior segment analyzer was used to measured the corneal density in different diameter ranges and different thickness layers before and after surgery at 14d, and after surgery at 1 and 3mo.RESULTS: The total corneal density value of MMC group was 16.60(15.70,17.10 )before the surgery, after the surgery at 14d was 16.63(15.90,17.50 ), at 1mo was 16.57(15.10,16.70 ), at 3mo was 16.04(14.60,16.60 ). The total corneal density value of control group was 16.30(15.50,17.30 )before the surgery, after the surgery at 14d was 16.20(15.20,17.10 ), at 1mo was 16.08(14.90,16.40 )and at 3mo was 15.60(14.60,16.40 ). In the zone of 0-2mm diameter was centered on the corneal vertex, the corneal density of the two groups at 14d after the surgery was higher than those before surgery(P<0.001 ). In the zone of 2-6mm diameter, the corneal density of the two groups at 1mo and 3mo after surgery was higher than those before the surgery(P<0.001). In the zone of 6-10mm, the corneal density of the two groups at 14d, 1 and 3mo after surgery was higher than those before the surgery(P<0.001). In the layer of anterior 120 μm, the corneal density of the two groups at 1mo and 3mo after the surgery was decreased than that before surgery(P<0.01). In the middle layer, the corneal density of the two groups at 1mo after the surgery was decreased than those before surgery(P<0.01).CONCLUSION:The use of 0.02% MMC during the operation can reduce the corneal density and increase the corneal light transmittance in the early postoperative period. The occurrence and prognosis of haze can be effectively quantified by observing the changes of corneal optical density in different ranges in different time periods after operation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 313-319, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933862

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy and safety of roxadustat in the treatment of renal anemia in calciphylaxis dialysis patients who had poor response to recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO).Methods:This study was a prospective cohort study. The dialysis patients who were diagnosed with calciphylaxis and had previous regular use of rHuEPO≥3 months with hemoglobin (Hb) levels<110 g/L in the Department of Nephrology of Zhong Da Hospital affiliated to Southeast University from January 1, 2019 to March 28, 2021 were recruited. The effect of oral roxadustat in calciphylaxis dialysis patients with renal anemia was analyzed by self-comparison method.Results:There were totally 18 calciphylaxis dialysis patients with renal anemia enrolled in the study and the age was (49.7±16.2) years old, including 11 males and 7 females, and 14 cases on hemodialysis and 4 cases on peritoneal dialysis. The high-sensitivity C-reactive protein level was 27.3(15.6, 48.5) mg/L(reference value 0-3 mg/L) at baseline. The baseline Hb level was (85.4±11.6) g/L, and after 3 months of oral roxadustat, the Hb level was (105.8±15.2) g/L ( t=-9.282, P<0.001). The Hb compliance rate was 44.4%(8/18). Ferritin decreased significantly at 3 months compared with the baseline level [208.0(59.0, 306.3) μg/L vs 229.0(127.3, 385.2) μg/L, Z=-3.637, P<0.001]. The total iron binding capacity level increased significantly compared with the baseline level [127.0(65.0, 211.5) μmol/L vs 105.5(43.8, 153.7) μmol/L, Z=-2.156, P=0.031]. Transferrin saturation level at 3 months was lower than that at baseline, but there was no significant difference [20.2%(14.2%, 27.7%) vs 20.5%(18.7%, 34.9%), Z=-1.546, P=0.122]. No adverse reactions occurred during the observation period. Conclusion:The application of roxadustat can effectively correct Hb level and improve iron metabolism with high safety in calciphylaxis dialysis patients with renal anemia under inflammatory status.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 922-930, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928010

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the kinetics and variation of volatile components of Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma during the hot-air drying process to obtain the optimal process parameters under multiple goals such as drying efficiency and drying quality. The dry basis moisture content and drying rate curves along with the change of drying time of Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma were investigated at five levels of drying air temperatures(30, 40, 50, 60, and 70 ℃). The relationship between moisture ratio and time in the drying process of Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma was fitted and verified by Midilli model, Page model, Overhults model, Modified Page model, Logaritmic model, Two terms Exponential model, and Newton model. Meanwhile, the effective diffusion coefficient of moisture(D_(eff)) and activation energy(E_a) in Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma were calculated under different drying air temperatures. GC-MS was used to determine the volatile components and content changes of the fresh Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma and dried products at different temperatures. The dry basis moisture content and drying rate of Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma were closely related to the temperature of the drying medium, and the moisture of the Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma decreased with the prolonged drying time. As revealed by the drying rate curve, the drying rate increased with the increase in hot air temperature, and the migration of moisture was accelerated. The comparison of the correlation coefficient(R~2), chi-square(χ~2), and root mean standard error(RMSE) of each model indicated that the parameter average of the Midilli model had the highest degree of fit, with R~2=0.999 2, χ~2=8.78×10~(-5), and RMSE=8.20×10~(-3). Besides, the D_(eff) at 30-70 ℃ was in the range of 1.04×10~(-9)-6.28×10~(-9) m~2·s~(-1), and E_a was 37.47 kJ·mol~(-1). The volatile components of fresh Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma and dried products at different temperatures were determined by GC-MS, and 18, 18, 18, 17, 17, and 18 compounds were identified respectively, which accounted for more than 84.76% of the volatile components. In conclusion, the hot-air drying of Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma can be model-fitted and verified and the variation law of the moisture and volatile components of Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma with temperature is obtained. This study is expected to provide new ideas for exploring the drying characteristics and quality of aromatic Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Atractylodes , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hot Temperature , Kinetics , Rhizome
7.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 67-71, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862733

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between smoking, white blood cell counts, and serum bilirubin levels in male radiation workers, and to explore the role of systemic inflammatory response in the changes of serum bilirubin level induced by smoking. Methods Occupational health examination data of 1 320 male radiation workers in a medical institution was collected. Linear regression analysis method was used to analyze the correlations between smoking and white blood cell counts, between smoking and serum bilirubin levels, and between white blood cell counts and serum bilirubin levels. Results There was a significant positive correlation between smoking and white blood cell counts (P 0.05). By dividing white blood cell counts into two groups, an inverse correlation was found between smoking and serum bilirubin levels in the high white blood cell count group (P < 0.05). Conclusion Serum bilirubin may be an effective indicator of early health damage caused by smoking in male radiation workers. Smoking may induce inflammatory reaction, thus deplete serum bilirubin and cause its levels to drop.

8.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 42-47, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862224

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% to 30% of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) develop recurrent angina pectoris following successful and complete coronary revascularization utilizing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We aim to investigate predictors of recurrent angina pectoris in patients who have undergone successful coronary revascularization using PCI, but on repeat coronary angiography have no need for secondary revascularization. METHODS: The study comprised 3,837 patients with CAD, who were enrolled from January 2007 to June 2019. They had undergone successful PCI; some of them redeveloped angina pectoris within one year after the procedure, but on repeat coronary angiography had no need for revascularization. Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) frame count was used to evaluate the velocity of coronary blood in the follow-up angiogram. Multivariate logistic regression was used to investigate risk factors for recurrent angina pectoris. Similarly, predictors of recurrent angina according to the TIMI frame count were assessed using multivariate linear regression. RESULTS: In this retrospective study, 53.5% of patients experienced recurrent angina pectoris. By multivariate logistic regression, the following characteristics were statistically identified as risk factors for recurrent angina pectoris: female sex, older age, current smoking, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥1.8 mmol/L, and an elevated TIMI frame count (P for all <0.05). Similarly, using multivariate linear regression, the statistical risk factors for TIMI frame count included: female sex, older age, diabetes, body mass index (BMI), post-procedural treatment without the inclusion of dual antiplatelet therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Patient characteristics of female sex, older age, diabetes, and elevated BMI are associated with an increased TIMI frame count, coronary microcirculation dysfunction, and recurrent angina pectoris after initially successful PCI. In addition, current smoking and LDL-C ≥1.8 mmol/L are risk factors for recurrent angina pectoris. In contrast, the treatment with dual antiplatelet therapy is negatively correlated with a higher TIMI frame count and the risk of recurrent angina pectoris.

9.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 999-1005, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988486

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation of pretreatment EBV DNA load, EBV EA-IgA and VCA-IgA antibodies levels with the clinical characteristics, curative effect and prognosis of the patients with early-stage extranodal nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL). Methods We analyzed the clinical features and prognostic factors of 78 ENKTCL patients. Results Positive rates of pretreatment EBV DNA, VCA-IgA and EA-IgA were 43.6%, 20.5% and 14.1%, respectively. EBV DNA was significantly associated with Ann Arbor stage, primary site, PTI and non-CR (all P < 0.05). VCA-IgA and EA-IgA were related to positive EBV DNA and non-CR (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that age, EBV DNA and non-CR were independent prognostic factors for OS (all P < 0.05); age, EBV DNA, primary site and non-CR were independent prognostic factors for PFS (all P < 0.05). Conclusion The pretreatment positive EBV DNA is related to advanced Ann Arbor stage, PTI, primary extra-nasal subtypes of upper aerodigestive tract and poor response to treatment. The elevated levels of EA-IgA and VCA-IgA are related to positive EBV DNA and poor response to treatment. Pretreatment EBV DNA could be used for risk stratification and prognosis prediction of ENKTCL, while EA-IgA and VCA-IgA play limited role in guiding the prognosis of ENKTCL.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 631-636, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910440

ABSTRACT

Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL) is the subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with high heterogeneity and invasiveness. Though most ENKTCL patients are present as early-stage at diagnosis, clinical prognosis significantly differs due to the limitations of clinical staging. Radiotherapy (RT) and chemotherapy (CT) are the first-line treatments for early ENKTCL patients. However, there is no consensus on the combined modalities of RT and CT, and their optimal strategy. With the continuous renewal of clinical staging and prognostic models, early-stage ENKTCL patients tend to accept risk-adapted treatment with proper stratification. In this review, the latest research progresses on clinical staging, prognostic models and treatment were retrospectively analyzed, aiming to provide references for clinical decision-making.

11.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 863-867, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907644

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Jianpi-Huazhuo Decoction in the treatment of complication patients with phlegm-dampness in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and Diabetic nephropathies (DN). Methods:A total of 72 patients with with phlegm dampness T2DM and DN in Huaibei Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Anhui Province from June 2018 to June 2020 were randomly divided into two groups with 36 in each group. The control group were treated with oral metformin sustained-release tablets on the basis of diabetes propaganda. The observation group was treated with Jianpi-Huazhuo Decoction on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks. The blood glucose (plasma, enzyme method), HbA1c (whole blood, high performance liquid chromatography) and fasting insulin (serum, chemiluminescence method) were measured, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was calculated. Plasma BUN, SCR and urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER) were measured by automatic biochemical analyzer. The plasma laminin (LN), procollagen Ⅲ (PC Ⅲ) and collagen type Ⅳ (Ⅳ-c) were detected by ELISA. The adverse events during treatment were observed and the clinical efficacy was evaluated. Results:The total effective rate was 86.1% (31/36) in the observation group and 58.3% (21/36) in the control group ( χ2 =6.923, P=0.009). After treatment, the levels of FBG, 2 hPG, HbA1c, FINS and HOMA-IR in the observation group were significanlty lower than those in the control group ( t values were 4.242, 2.751, 3.565, 3.613 and 4.512, respectively, all Ps<0.05). After treatment, the plasma levels of LN, PC Ⅲ and Ⅳ-c were significanlty lower than those in the control group ( t values were 3.612, 1.864 and 2.046, respectively, all Ps<0.05). After treatment, the levels of serum creatinine and urinary albumin excretion rate in the control group were significanlty lower than those in the control group ( t values were 5.864 and 3.286, respectively, all Ps<0.05). Conclusion:The Jianpi-Huazhuo Decoction can reduce the blood glucose level and renal fibrosis related factors in patients with phlegm dampness T2DM complicated with DN, improve the clinical symptoms and improve the clinical curative effect.

12.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 485-490, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907352

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between 24 h blood pressure variability and early neurological improvement (ENI) in patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO) after endovascular thrombectomy (ET).Methods:Patients with LVO received ET in the Emergency Department, the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from January 2012 to February 2018 were enrolled retrospectively. During the first 24 h after ET, the blood pressure was recorded every 2 h, and blood pressure variability was evaluated by standard deviation (SD) and successive variation (SV). At 24 h after ET, the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was evaluated again. The re-evaluation of 0 point or a decrease of ≥4 from the baseline score was defined as ENI. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between blood pressure variability and ENI. Results:A total of 74 patients with LVO received ET were enrolled, of which 39 (52.7%) had ENI. Univariate analysis showed that the proportion of patients with good recanalization in the ENI group after procedure were significantly higher than that in the non-ENI group ( P<0.05), while the average systolic blood pressure, average diastolic blood pressure, systolic blood pressure variability (SBPV) -SD and SBPV-SV within 24 h after ET and baseline total cholesterol level were significantly lower than those in the non-ENI group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher SBPV-SV was an independent risk factor for non-ENI (odds ratio 1.223, 95% confidence interval 1.038-1.440; P=0.016). Conclusion:Higher SBPV-SV after ET is associated with poor early neurological improvement in patients with LVO, and it is expected to be a potential target for blood pressure management in patients after ET.

13.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 604-608, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907222

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) and prognosis of extranodal nasal NK/T cell lymphoma (ENKTL).Methods:The data of 184 patients with ENKTL who were admitted to Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital and the Second People's Hospital of Datong in Shanxi Province from January 2002 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Contal-O'Quigley variable point method was used to calculate the optimal cut-off value of ALC for predicting the prognosis of ENKTL, and the patients were divided into two groups based on this value. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the survival of the two groups of patients. Cox proportional hazard regression model was used for univariate and multivariate survival analyses.Results:According to the Contal-O'Quigley variable point method, the best cut-off value of ALC for predicting ENKTL prognosis was 1.5×10 9/L. According to this value, patients were divided into ALC>1.5×10 9/L group (98 cases) and ALC≤1.5×10 9/L group (86 cases). Compared with the ALC≤1.5×10 9/L group, the proportions of patients with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score ≥2 points, serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)> 245 U/L, Korean prognostic index (KPI) score 2-4 points and international prognostic index (IPI) score 2-5 points were lower in the ALC>1.5×10 9/L group, but the proportion of patients with hemoglobin > 120 g/L was higher (all P < 0.05). The overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in the ALC>1.5×10 9/L group were better than those in the ALC≤1.5×10 9/L group (3-year OS rate: 65.7% vs. 45.4%, 5-year OS rate: 61.0% vs. 36.6%; 3-year PFS rate: 61.7% vs. 41.0%, 5-year PFS rate: 51.9% vs. 32.2%; all P < 0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that ECOG score, serum LDH level, ALC, radiotherapy and L-asparaginase-containing chemotherapy were independent influencing factors of OS and PFS (all P < 0.05), and for OS, when ALC>1.5×10 9/L compared with≤1.5×10 9/L, RR was 0.634 (95% CI 0.398-1.008, P=0.050), and for PFS, RR was 0.625 (95% CI 0.406-0.962, P=0.033). Conclusion:Patients with high ALC have good prognosis, and therefore ALC may be a powerful prognostic factor of ENKTL.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1450-1456, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878191

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Drug-coated balloons (DCBs) have emerged as potential alternatives to drug-eluting stents in specific lesion subsets for de novo coronary lesions. Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a method based on the three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography and contrast flow velocity during coronary angiography (CAG), obviating the need for an invasive fractional flow reserve procedural. This study aimed to assess the serial angiographic changes of de novo lesions post-DCB therapy and further explore the cut-off values of lesion and vessel QFR, which predict vessel restenosis (diameter stenosis [DS] ≥50%) at mid-term follow-up.@*METHODS@#The data of patients who underwent DCB therapy between January 2014 and December 2019 from the multicenter hospital were retrospectively collected for QFR analysis. From their QFR performances, which were analyzed by CAG images at follow-up, we divided them into two groups: group A, showing target vessel DS ≥50%, and group B, showing target vessel DS <50%. The median follow-up time was 287 days in group A and 227 days in group B. We compared the clinical characteristics, parameters during DCB therapy, and QFR performances, which were analyzed by CAG images between the two groups, in need to explore the cut-off value of lesion/vessel QFR which can predict vessel restenosis. Student's t test was used for the comparison of normally distributed continuous data, Mann-Whitney U test for the comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for the evaluation of QFR performance which can predict vessel restenosis (DS ≥50%) at mid-term follow-up using the area under the curve (AUC).@*RESULTS@#A total of 112 patients with 112 target vessels were enrolled in this study. Group A had 41 patients, while group B had 71. Vessel QFR and lesion QFR were lower in group A than in group B post-DCB therapy, and the cut-off values of lesion QFR and vessel QFR in the ROC analysis to predict target vessel DS ≥50% post-DCB therapy were 0.905 (AUC, 0.741 [95% confidence interval, CI: 0.645, 0.837]; sensitivity, 0.817; specificity, 0.561; P < 0.001) and 0.890 (AUC, 0.796 [95% CI: 0.709, 0.882]; sensitivity, 0.746; specificity, 0.780; P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The cut-off values of lesion QFR and vessel QFR can assist in predicting the angiographic changes post-DCB therapy. When lesion/vessel QFR values are <0.905/0.890 post-DCB therapy, a higher risk of vessel restenosis is potentially predicted at follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Coronary Restenosis , Follow-Up Studies , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2415-2421, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877827

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acute coronary syndromes mainly result from abrupt thrombotic occlusion caused by atherosclerotic vulnerable plaques (VPs) that suddenly rupture or erosion. Fibrous cap thickness (FCT) is a major determinant of the propensity of a VP to rupture and is recognized as a key factor. The intensive use of statins is known to have the ability to increase FCT; however, there is a risk of additional adverse effects. However, lower dose statin with ezetimibe is known to be tolerable by patients. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of intensive statin vs. low-dose stain + ezetimibe therapy on FCT, as evaluated using optical coherence tomography.@*METHOD@#Patients who had VPs (minimum FCT 90°) and deferred from intervention in our single center from January 2014 to December 2018 were included in the trial. They were divided into the following two groups: intensive statin group (rosuvastatin 15-20 mg or atorvastatin 30-40 mg) and combination therapy group (rosuvastatin 5-10 mg or atorvastatin 10-20 mg + ezetimibe 10 mg). At the 12-month follow-up, we compared the change in the FCT (ΔFCT%) between the two groups and analyzed the association of ΔFCT% with risk factors. Fisher exact test was used for all categorical variables. Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U-test was used for analyzing the continuous data. The relationship between ΔFCT% and risk factors was analyzed using linear regression analysis.@*RESULT@#Total 53 patients were finally enrolled, including 26 patients who were in the intensive statin group and 27 who were in the combination therapy group. At the 12-month follow-up, the serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), total triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) levels were reduced in both the groups. The ΔTC%, ΔLDL-C%, and ΔLp-PLA2% were decreased further in the combination therapy group. FCT was increased in both the groups (combination treatment group vs. intensive statin group: 128.89 ± 7.64 vs. 110.19 ± 7.00 μm, t = -9.282, P < 0.001) at the 12-month follow-up. The increase in ΔFCT% was more in the combination therapy group (123.46% ± 14.05% vs. 91.14% ± 11.68%, t = -9.085, P < 0.001). Based on the multivariate linear regression analysis, only the serum Lp-PLA2 at the 12-month follow-up (B = -0.203, t = -2.701, P = 0.010), ΔTC% (B = -0.573, t = -2.048, P = 0.046), and Δhs-CRP% (B = -0.302, t = -2.963, P = 0.005) showed an independent association with ΔFCT%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Low-dose statin combined with ezetimibe therapy maybe provide a profound and significant increase in FCT as compared to intensive statin monotherapy. The reductions in Lp-PLA2, ΔTC%, and Δhs-CRP% are independently associated with an increase in FCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anticholesteremic Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Ezetimibe/therapeutic use , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/drug therapy , Rosuvastatin Calcium/therapeutic use , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Treatment Outcome
16.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 44-47, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820935

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the residential radon concentration in typical areas of Hubei Province and assess the dose hazards of radon to human body. Methods According to geographical location, five cities including Wuhan, Enshi, Shiyan, Xianning and Daye were selected, and the stratified cluster sampling and monitoring were conducted in accordance with the residential building structure. From April to July, 2019, RSKS standard detectors were placed in the bedroom or living room of the tested families. After continuously sampling for three months, those detectors were returned back to the laboratory for test readings using Radosys system. Results A total of 651 detectors were deployed in 577 households of 70 communities, and 634 detectors were recovered. The recovery rate of detectors was 97.4%. The indoor residential radon concentration in Hubei Province showed a logarithmic normal distribution, with a median (25% quantile and 75% quantile) of 40.52 (29.13,64.74) Bq/m3 and an annual effective dose of 2.02 mSv. The indoor radon concentrations in Wuhan and Enshi were significantly higher than those in Shiyan, Xianning and Daye (P<0.05). The indoor radon concentrations in brick wood or civil structures were significantly higher than those in reinforced concrete structures (P<0.05), and indoor radon concentration in the first floor was significantly higher than those in other floors (P<0.05). The indoor radon concentrations after 2010 were significantly lower than those between 2001 and 2010 (P<0.05). Conclusion The number of households with indoor radon concentrations exceeding the national limit in newly-built buildings accounted for 10.1%; The indoor residential radon concentration levels of in Hubei Province were influenced by building structure, age and floor.

17.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 169-176, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773420

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#We aimed to evaluate the combined effects of a high body shape index (ABSI) and a high serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level on the incidence of ischemic stroke in a Mongolian population in China.@*METHODS@#A prospective cohort study was conducted among 2,589 participants from June 2002 to July 2012 in Inner Mongolia, China. The participants were categorized into 4 groups according to their level of ABSI and CRP. Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for ischemic stroke among all groups.@*RESULTS@#The multivariate adjusted HRs (95% CI) of ischemic stroke for high ABSI and high CRP level were 1.46 (0.89-2.39) and 1.63 (0.95-2.79), respectively. Compared with the low ABSI/low CRP level group, the multivariate adjusted HRs (95% CI) of ischemic stroke in the low ABSI/high CRP, high ABSI/low CRP, and high ABSI/high CRP groups were 1.04 (0.46-2.35), 1.06 (0.58-1.95) and 2.52 (1.27-5.00), respectively. The HR of ischemic stroke for the high ABSI/high CRP level group was the highest and most statistically significant.@*CONCLUSION@#We found that participants with simultaneously high ABSI and high CRP levels had the highest risk of ischemic stroke in the Mongolian population. Our findings suggest that the combination of high ABSI and high CRP levels may increase the risk of ischemic stroke.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anthropometry , Brain Ischemia , Epidemiology , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , China , Epidemiology , Incidence , Mongolia , Ethnology , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke , Epidemiology
18.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 646-651, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818744

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of the three-dimensional visualization technology for the preoperative assessment of liver autotransplantation for end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. Methods A total of 8 patients with end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis undergoing liver autotransplantation in Qinghai Provincial People’s Hospital from May 2013 to July 2017 were collected. All cases received preoperative abdominal CT scanning and dynamic three-phase enhanced CT scanning, and the original CT data were transferred to the human 3D visualization virtual surgical planning system. The volumes of Echinococcus multilocularis and pre-resected liver were measured using the 3D visualization reconstruction, and the relationship between the lesion and the neighboring tissues was observed. The value of the 3D visualization technology for the preoperative assessment of liver autotransplantation for end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis was assessed by comparing with the intraoperative findings. Results The 3D visualization reconstruction model clearly displayed the adjacent relationship between the lesions of end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis and the neighboring tissues, and no significant difference was seen between the pre-resected liver volume in 3D visualization reconstruction model and the actually resected liver volume (t = 1.083, P > 0.05). Conclusions 3D visualization technology is feasible to develop a reasonable scheme for liver resection and vascular anastomosis for end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis prior to liver autotransplantation, which may increase the success of surgery and improve the prognosis.

19.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 646-649, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772443

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This work aimed to compare the effect of retention and preventive caries of the pit and fissure sealant on primary teeth by using glass ionomer cements (GIC) with or without acid etching technique.@*METHODS@#In this clinical trail, 100 children aged 3-4 years old with a split-mouth design were equally divided into two groups (the left second upper and lower mandibular primary molars were present in group A, and the right second upper and lower mandibular primary molars were present in group B; each group had 200 molars). All participants were placed in pit and fissure sealant with Ketac® Molar Easymix and seated with atraumatic restorative treatmen press-finger technique in the two groups. Group A was subjected to acid etching (40 s, 35% H₃PO₄), while group B were not subjected to acid etching. GIC preservation rate, caries rate, and decayed teeth (dt) index were observed after 12 months.@*RESULTS@#After a 12-month follow-up period, the completely lost, partially losing, and losing rates of GIC in 86 children (172 second primary molars) were 83.14%, 9.88%, 6.98% in group A and 62.79%, 20.35%, and 16.86% in group B, respectively. The differences between the two groups were insignificant (P<0.05). The caries rates of groups A and B were 8.14% and 16.86%, and their dt indices were 0.08±0.31 and 1.17±0.46, respectively, thereby indicating significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Using acid etching technology, the retention rate of the pit and fissure sealant increased, while its losing rate decreased. The retention effect of the GIC was improved, and the dental caries prevention effect was enhanced. Sealant processing was a self-curing procedure that sets without the external energy. Hence, this procedure is suitable for the preventive caries of primary teeth in children.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Dental Caries , Glass Ionomer Cements , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Tooth, Deciduous , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 646-651, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818866

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of the three-dimensional visualization technology for the preoperative assessment of liver autotransplantation for end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. Methods A total of 8 patients with end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis undergoing liver autotransplantation in Qinghai Provincial People’s Hospital from May 2013 to July 2017 were collected. All cases received preoperative abdominal CT scanning and dynamic three-phase enhanced CT scanning, and the original CT data were transferred to the human 3D visualization virtual surgical planning system. The volumes of Echinococcus multilocularis and pre-resected liver were measured using the 3D visualization reconstruction, and the relationship between the lesion and the neighboring tissues was observed. The value of the 3D visualization technology for the preoperative assessment of liver autotransplantation for end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis was assessed by comparing with the intraoperative findings. Results The 3D visualization reconstruction model clearly displayed the adjacent relationship between the lesions of end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis and the neighboring tissues, and no significant difference was seen between the pre-resected liver volume in 3D visualization reconstruction model and the actually resected liver volume (t = 1.083, P > 0.05). Conclusions 3D visualization technology is feasible to develop a reasonable scheme for liver resection and vascular anastomosis for end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis prior to liver autotransplantation, which may increase the success of surgery and improve the prognosis.

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