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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 816-821, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016530

ABSTRACT

In recent years, transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) has emerged as a common treatment modality for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, with the ongoing development of embolic agent techniques, the new advances in microspheres and nanoparticles have brought new hope for improving the efficacy and safety of TACE. This article reviews the latest advances and applications of microspheres and nanoparticles in TACE for HCC. First, this article introduces the background of TACE as a therapeutic approach and the emergence of microsphere and nanoparticle techniques, and then it describes the application of various types of microspheres and nanoparticles in TACE and discusses the requisite attributes of an ideal embolic agents. The article focuses on the advances in material science and engineering, as well as the clinical efficacy of drug-eluting microspheres and nanoparticles versus conventional TACE. Furthermore, it discusses the importance of radiological examination in TACE and summarizes the research advances in the radiopaque and magnetic resonance-visible embolic agents. This article also explores the future development directions and challenges of TACE. It also points out the combination of microspheres and nanoparticles with other treatment modalities, the application of personalized and precision medicine in TACE, and the potential regimen of TACE in clinical translation, and meanwhile, it raises the issues of ethics and regulation that need to be further discussed. It is believed that microspheres and nanoparticles have a potential effect in TACE, which provides a theoretical basis and technical support for innovating HCC treatment regimens and improving the prognosis of patients through TACE interventions.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 682-687, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016509

ABSTRACT

Biliary tract carcinoma (BTC) is a type of gastrointestinal tumor with a low incidence rate and a strong invasive ability, mainly including intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC), extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ECC), and gallbladder carcinoma (GC), often accompanied by local progression or distant metastasis. Surgery is often the preferred treatment method for patients with local resectable tumor; however, there is still a high risk of recurrence after radical surgery. Therefore, multiple treatment modalities are often required for BTC patients, including surgical resection, systemic treatment (such as targeted therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy), and/or a combination of local treatment methods. With the development of the field of BTC, it is critical for surgical oncologists to understand and master the latest surgical strategies and the best patient selection and management systems. In view of the complexity of treatment and the continuous development of diagnosis and treatment techniques, Annals of Surgical Oncology, an authoritative American journal of cancer surgery, recently published the practical diagnosis and treatment guidelines for hepatobiliary tumors, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), ICC, ECC, and GC, aiming to provide more evidence-based evidence for the clinical management and decision-making of patients with hepatobiliary tumors. Due to the limitations of length and different emphases, this article mainly introduces the recommendations for the evaluation points and clinical treatment of ECC and GC in the guidelines, so as to provide a reference for clinical practice.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 38-45, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013604

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of quercetin on the aging model of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells established under microgravity. Methods Using 3D gyroscope, a aging model of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells was constructed, and after receiving quercetin and microgravity treatment, the anti-aging effect of the quercetin was evaluated by detecting related proteins and oxidation indexes. Results Compared to the control group, the expressions of age-related proteins p21, pi6, p53 and RB in the microgravity group significantly increased, while the expressions of cyclin D1 and lamin B1 significantly decreased, with statistical significance (P<0.05). In the microgravity group, mitochondrial membrane potential significantly decreased (P<0.05), ROS accumulation significantly increased (P <0.05), SOD content significantly decreased and MDA content significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared to the microgravity group, the expressions of age-related proteins p21, pi6, p53 and RB in the quercetin group significantly decreased, while the expressions of cyclin D1 and lamin B1 significantly increased, with statistical significance (P<0.05). In the quercetin group, mitochondrial membrane potential significantly increased (P<0.05), ROS accumulation significantly decreased (P<0.05), SOD content significantly increased and MDA content significantly decreased (P<0.05). Conclusions Quercetin can resist oxidation, protect mitochondrial function and normal cell cycle, thus delaying the aging of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells induced by microgravity.

4.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 17-24, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013565

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the level of deltamethrin resistance and mutation sites in the sodium iron channel gene in Rhipicephalus microplus in Huaihua City, Hunan Province, and to examine the correlation between deltamethrin resistance and mutation sites in the sodium iron channel gene in Rh. microplus. Methods Rh. microplus was sampled from multiple yellow cattle farms in Huaihua City, Hunan Province from June to September 2022, and the level of resistance to deltamethrin was determined in ticks using the adult immersion test. The sodium iron channel domain III gene was amplified in deltamethrin-resistant and wild-type Rh. microplus using PCR assay. Following sequencing and sequence alignment, mutation sites were detected in bases. The sodium iron channel domain III gene in Rh. microplus was translated, and the signal peptide, transmembrane domain, and phosphorylation and glycosylation sites were detected in amino acid sequences. The tertiary structures of the sodium iron channel domain III protein of deltamethrin-resistant and wild-type Rh. microplus were deduced and compared, and the association be tween mutation sites in bases and resistance to deltamethrin was examined in Rh. microplus according the level of deltamethrin resistance, sequence alignment and protein tertiary structure. Results The median (LC50) and 95% lethal concentrations (LC95) of deltamethrin were 121.39 mg/L and 952.61 mg/L against Rh. microplus, with a resistance factor of 9.24 and level II resistance. The sequence of the sodium ion channel domain III gene was 1 010 bp in size, and mutation sites were detected in two neighboring bases in the sequence of the sodium ion channel domain III gene in deltamethrin-resistant Rh. microplus. Although no signal peptides were found in the sodium iron channel domain III protein of deltamethrin-resistant or wild-type Rh. microplus, 6 trans-membrane domains, 42 phosphorylation sites and 8 glycosylation sites were identified, with a significant difference in the tertiary structure of the sodium iron channel domain III protein between deltamethrin-resistant and wild-type Rh. microplus. Conclusions Level II resistance to deltamethrin is detected in Rh. microplus in Huaihua City, Hunan Province, and two mutation sites that correlate with the emergence of deltamethrin resistance are identified in the sequence of the sodium iron channel domain III gene in deltamethrin-resistant Rh. microplus.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 866-872, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990708

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of textbook outcomes in liver surgery (TOLS) after radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 530 patients who underwent radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma in 15 medical centers, including the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University et al, from January 2014 to January 2020 were collected. There were 209 males and 321 females, aged (61±10)years. Patients underwent radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma, including cholecystectomy, hepatectomy, invasive bile duct resection, and lymph node dissection. Observation indicators: (1) situations of TOLS; (2) influencing factors of TOLS. Measure-ment data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. The univariate analysis was conducted using the corresponding statistical methods based on data type, and variables with P<0.10 were included in multivariate analysis. Multivariate analysis was conducted using the Logistic stepwise regression model. Results:(1) Situations of TOLS. All 530 patients underwent radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma, and there were 498 cases achieving R 0 resection, 508 cases without ≥grade 2 intra-operative adverse events, 456 cases without postoperative grade B and grade C biliary leakage, 513 cases without postoperative grade B and grade C liver failure, 395 cases without severe com-plications within postoperative 90 days, 501 cases did not being re-admission caused by severe com-plications within postoperative 90 days. Of the 530 patients, 54.53%(289/530) of patients achieved postoperative TOLS, while 45.47%(241/530) of patients did not achieve postoperative TOLS. (2) Influencing factors of TOLS. Results of multivariate analysis showed that American Society of Anesthesiologists classification >grade Ⅱ, preoperative jaundice, T staging as T3?T4 stage, N staging as N2 stage, liver resection as right hemi-hepatectomy, and neoadjuvant therapy were independent factors influencing TOLS in patients undergoing radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma ( odds ratio=2.65, 1.87, 5.67, 5.65, 2.55, 3.34, 95% confidence interval as 1.22?5.72, 1.18?2.95, 2.51?12.82, 2.83?11.27, 1.41?4.63, 1.88?5.92, P<0.05). Conclusion:American Society of Anesthesiologists classification >grade Ⅱ, preoperative jaundice, T staging as T3?T4 stage, N staging as N2 stage, liver resection as right hemi-hepatectomy, and neoadjuvant therapy are independent factors influencing TOLS in patients undergoing radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 286-292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990641

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary hepatic malign-ancy in clinic. The prognosis of patients remains extremely poor because of the high malignancy and easy recurrence and metastasis of HCC. In recent years, the roles of platelets in promoting the malignant progression of HCC have increasingly attracted much attention. It is known that platelets could promote HCC cells proliferation and invasion through tumor microenvironment. On the other hand, platelets are capable to promote HCC cells distant metastasis by facilitating tumor cells evasion of immune surveillance. Besides, the platelet-derived growth factors and proangiogenic factors are also involved in the proliferation, invasiveness, and neovascularization of HCC. In addition, patients with HCC normally have a background of cirrhosis, and it is still controversial that whether the thrombocytopenia by portal hypertension and hypersplenism can promote the malignant progress of HCC. In view of this, the diagnostic and prognostic value of platelet levels, as well as platelet-associated scores in HCC have increasingly become research focus. The authors elaborate the detailed mechanisms of platelets in malignant progression of HCC, and discuss the recent research progress of platelets as effective diagnostic or prognostic tools for the assessment of HCC, which is of great importance to optimize the current treatment regimen and explore novel therapeutic strategies against HCC.

7.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 277-292, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999960

ABSTRACT

Even though the combined use of ultrasound (US) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is recommended for the surveillance of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the utilization of AFP has its challenges, including accuracy dependent on its cut-off levels, degree of liver necroinflammation, and etiology of liver disease. Though various studies have demonstrated the utility of protein induced by vitamin K absence II (PIVKA-II) in surveillance, treatment monitoring, and predicting recurrence, it is still not recommended as a routine biomarker test. A panel of 17 experts from Asia-Pacific, gathered to discuss and reach a consensus on the clinical usefulness and value of PIVKA-II for the surveillance and treatment monitoring of HCC, based on six predetermined statements. The experts agreed that PIVKA-II was valuable in the detection of HCC in AFP-negative patients, and could potentially benefit detection of early HCC in combination with AFP. PIVKA-II is clinically useful for monitoring curative and intra-arterial locoregional treatments, outcomes, and recurrence, and could potentially predict microvascular invasion risk and facilitate patient selection for liver transplant. However, combining PIVKA-II with US and AFP for HCC surveillance, including small HCC, still requires more evidence, whilst its role in detecting AFP-negative HCC will potentially increase as more patients are treated for hepatitis-related HCC. PIVKA-II in combination with AFP and US has a clinical role in the Asia-Pacific region for surveillance. However, implementation of PIVKA-II in the region will have some challenges, such as requiring standardization of cut-off values, its cost-effectiveness and improving awareness among healthcare providers.

8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 351-359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981011

ABSTRACT

To explore the changes of cold sensitivity after exposure to acute hypoxia and its mechanisms, Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into normoxia control group (21% O2, 25 °C), 10% O2 hypoxia group (10% O2, 25 °C), 7% O2 hypoxia group (7% O2, 25 °C), normoxia cold group (21% O2, 10 °C) and hypoxia cold group (7% O2, 10 °C). Cold foot withdrawal latency and preference temperature of each group were measured, skin temperatures were estimated using an infrared thermographic imaging camera, body core temperature was recorded by wireless telemetry system, immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of c-Fos in the lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPB). The results showed that acute hypoxia significantly prolonged the latency of cold foot withdrawal and significantly enhanced the intensity of cold stimulation for foot withdrawal, and the rats under hypoxia preferred cold temperature. Cold exposure (10 °C) for 1 h significantly enhanced the expression of c-Fos in LPB of rats in normoxia, while hypoxia inhibited cold-induced c-Fos expression. Acute hypoxia significantly increased the skin temperature of feet and tails, decreased the skin temperature of interscapular region, and decreased the body core temperature of rats. These results indicate that acute hypoxia can significantly blunt cold sensitivity through the inhibition of LPB, suggesting actively keeping warm measures should be taken at the early stage after ascent to high altitude to prevent the upper respiratory infection and acute mountain sickness.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Parabrachial Nucleus/physiology , Temperature , Cold Temperature , Hypoxia , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 401-407, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984636

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for treating steroid-refractory gastrointestinal acute graft-versus-host disease (GI-aGVHD) . Methods: This analysis included 29 patients with hematology who developed steroid-refractory GI-aGVHD after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in Huaian Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University from March 2017 to March 2022. Among them, 19 patients underwent FMT treatment (the FMT group) and 10 patients did not (the control group). The efficacy and safety of FMT were assessed, as well as the changes in intestinal microbiota abundance, lymphocyte subpopulation ratio, peripheral blood inflammatory cytokines, and GVHD biomarkers before and after FMT treatment. Results: ① Complete remission of clinical symptoms after FMT was achieved by 13 (68.4%) patients and 2 (20.0%) controls, with a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). Intestinal microbiota diversity increased and gradually recovered to normal levels after FMT and FMT-related infections did not occur. ②The proportion of CD3(+) and CD8(+) cells in the FMT group after treatment decreased compared with the control group, and the ratio of CD4(+), regulatory T cells (Treg), and CD4(+)/CD8(+) cells increased (all P< 0.05). The interleukin (IL) -6 concentration in the FMT group was lower than that in the control group [4.15 (1.91-5.71) ng/L vs 6.82 (2.40-8.91) ng/L, P=0.040], and the IL-10 concentration in the FMT group was higher than that in the control group [12.11 (5.69-20.36) ng/L vs 7.51 (4.10-9.58) ng/L, P=0.024]. Islet-derived protein 3α (REG3α) was significantly increased in patients with GI-aGVHD, and the REG3α level in the FMT group was lower than that in the control group after treatment [30.70 (10.50-105.00) μg/L vs 74.35 (33.50-139.50) μg/L, P=0.021]. Conclusion: FMT is a safe and effective method for the treatment of steroid-refractory GI-aGVHD by restoring intestinal microbiota diversity, regulating inflammatory cytokines, and upregulating Treg cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fecal Microbiota Transplantation/methods , Treatment Outcome , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Steroids
10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 321-327, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991893

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of sarcopenia in liver cirrhosis and construct a diagnosis model for sarcopenia in cirrhosis.Methods:73 patients with liver cirrhosis hospitalized in Department of Gastroenterology of Shanxi Provincial People's Hospital between June 2021 and June 2022 were included. Common measurements in liver cirrhosis and abdominal CT scans of all patients were collected. The cross-sectional area of skeletal muscle at L3 level was calculated by sliceomatic and the skeletal muscle index (SMI) was subsequently obtained by height standardization. The patients were divided into sarcopenia group and non-sarcopenia group using Asian cut-off per European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People-2nd meeting (EWGSOP2) criteria. Risk factors related to sarcopenia in cirrhosis were analyzed and a subsequent diagnosis model was established.Results:among the cirrhotic patients included in the study, the prevalence of sarcopenia was 65.75% (48/73), 47.73% (21/44) in males and 93.10% (27/29) in females, respectively. There were significant differences in age, sex, BMI, liver function grade per Child Pugh classification, etiology, ferritin level, prothrombin time and hemoglobin level between sarcopenia and non-sarcopenia groups (P < 0.05). Age, liver function, sex and ferritin level were closely related to the occurrence of sarcopenia in cirrhosis. A diagnostic model was developed based on these 4 indexes and the area under curve reached up to 95.7%.Conclusion:≥ 60 years old, female, Child-Pugh C grade and ferritin < 29.60 μg/L are independent risk factors for sarcopenia in cirrhosis and the model with these indexes shows good diagnostic value for sarcopenia in cirrhosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1510-1517, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990583

ABSTRACT

In October 2022, the European Society for the Study of the Liver (EASL) publishes officially the EASL Clinical Practice Guidelines on the management of cystic liver diseases, which covers the diagnosis, treatment, and management of hepatic cysts, mucinous cystic neoplasms of the liver, biliary hamartomas, polycystic liver disease, Caroli disease, Caroli syndrome and peribiliary cysts. Combined with the contrast-enhanced imaging examination, the guideline is of great significance for standardized diagnosis and treatment of hepatic cystic lesions. The authors interpret the guideline in detail, and systematically introduce the key points of assessment of various types of cystic liver disease and related recommendations for treatment. Meanwhile, the future applications and research directions are further prospected in order to provide more evidence basis for the clinical manage-ment and decision-making for patients with cystic liver diseases.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 142-145, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934088

ABSTRACT

Clinical data of 26 patients with proton pump inhibitor dependent gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) who underwent anti-reflux mucosectomy (ARMS) in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from July 2017 to December 2020 were reviewed, and the GERD questionnaire (GERD-Q) score, the short-form reflux-qual (RQS) score, esophageal motility and 24 h esophageal pH parameters before and after ARMS were compared. With a median follow-up period of 18.4 months (6-27 months), 23 (88.5%) patients reported symptomatic improvement and 15 (57.7%) patients discontinued the use of proton pump inhibitors. After ARMS, the mean scores of GERD-Q (6.23 VS 13.19, P=0.004) and RQS (26.67 VS 10.98, P<0.001) were significantly improved, the mean DeMeester score (10.69 VS 53.15, P<0.001), the mean acid exposure time percentage (3.56% VS 9.92%, P<0.001) and the mean number of acid reflux episodes (36.9 VS 139.9, P=0.001) were lower, and the mean rest pressure at lower esophageal sphincter (LES) (25.19 mmHg VS 13.63 mmHg, P<0.001) and the mean distal contractile integral (1 819.15 mmHg·s·cm VS 1 007.67 mmHg·s·cm, P<0.001) were significantly increased compared with those before surgery. ARMS has significant short-term efficacy in the treatment of proton pump inhibitor dependent GERD, which can effectively improve reflux symptoms and life quality of patients, and strengthen the rest pressure of LES and peristalsis of the esophageal body.

13.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 475-482, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930959

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of We-Media platforms opened and opera-ted by surgeons in tertiary first-class hospitals nationwide and analyze its influence on patients and surgeons.Methods:The retrospective cross-sectional investigation study was conducted. The investigation was conducted on the surgeons who had opened We-Media platforms in their units or associations through the contact of all members of the second Elite Committee of Chinese Digestive Surgery of the Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery from November 5 to 30, 2021. Questionnaires were distributed through wechat, and the software platform was Questionnaire Star. Observation indicators: (1) results of questionnaire survey; (2) basic information of surgeons running We-Media platforms; (3) daily workload and research background of surgeons running We-Media platforms; (4) information related to We-Media platforms; (5) influence of running We-Media platforms on patients; (6) influence of running We-Media platforms on surgeons; (7) feelings and suggestion of surgeons after running We-Media platforms. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as Mean± SD, and count data were expressed as absolute numbers and percentages. Results:(1) Results of questionnaire survey: a total of 229 complete and valid questionnaires were collected in this survey. (2) Basic information of surgeons running We-Media platforms: of 229 surgeons, there were 195 males and 34 females, aged (40±8)years. There were 120 surgeons aged from 36-45 years, 80 surgeons aged <35 years and 29 surgeons aged >45 years. There were 86.46% (198/229) of surgeons from teaching hospitals and 74.67%(171/229) of surgeons from provincial cities. Of 229 surgeons, junior, intermediate, deputy senior and senior titles accounted for 17.90%(41/229), 27.51%(63/229), 37.12%(85/229) and 17.47%(40/229), respectively. Surgeons with working years ≤5 years, 6-10 years, 11-15 years and ≥16 years accounted for 19.21%(44/229), 22.27%(51/229), 26.64%(61/229) and 31.88%(73/229), respectively. Hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgeons, esophageal and gastrointestinal surgeons were the main specialties, accounting for 48.03%(110/229) and 14.41%(33/229), respectively. The original intentions of opening We-Media platforms (multiple choice) included increasing patient population and improving the income, accumulating cases to facilitate clinical research projects, increasing the popularity of the industry and gain peer recognition, increasing social awareness and improving spiritual satisfaction, passive assignments form units or hospitals, which accounted for 52.84% (121/229), 54.15%(124/229), 64.19%(147/229), 58.08%(133/229), 17.90%(41/229), respectively. (3) Daily workload and research background of surgeons running We-Media platforms: 60.26%(138/229) of surgeons participated in offline social welfare activities 1-3 times per year and 26.64%(61/229) of surgeons participated >3 times per year. There were 47.60% (109/229) of surgeons performing 5-10 operations per week and 33.19%(76/229) of surgeons performing >10 operations per week. In terms of scientific researches, 38.43%(88/229) of surgeons had not published high-quality English articles as the first author or co-first author, 24.89%(57/229) of surgeons had published 1-3 articles and 36.68%(84/229) of surgeons had published >3 articles. There were 51.09%(117/229) of surgeons without any longitu-dinal projects, 13.54%(31/229) of surgeons with national projects, 35.37%(81/229) of surgeons with provincial and ministerial projects. (4) Information related to We-Media platforms: there were 65.50%(150/229) of surgeons running wechat public account, 55.02%(126/229) of surgeons running consultation platform, 31.44%(72/229) of surgeons running TikTok, 21.40%(49/229) of surgeons running wechat video account (some surgeons operated multiple We-Media platforms). The time of operating the platform was <1 year in 35.81%(82/229) of surgeons, 1-3 years in 42.79%(98/229) of surgeons, >3 years in 21.40%(49/229) of surgeons, respectively. The contents of We-Media platforms were updated >2 weeks in 45.85%(105/229) of surgeons. There were 63.32%(145/229) of surgeons with We-Media platforms win-ning emotional support from their department or hospital, 12.66%(29/229) of surgeons with We-Media platforms winning financial support. There were 82.53%(189/229) of surgeons operating We-Media platforms by theirselves. The We-Media plat-form operation was smooth in 47.16%(108/229) of surgeons, unsustainable in 50.22%(115/229) of surgeons and suspended in 2.62%(6/229) of surgeons. On average, it took less than 30 minutes for 60.70%(139/229) of surgeons and 30-60 minutes for 27.07%(62/229) of surgeons to operate the We-Media platforms of surgeons every times, respec-tively. The background message or consulta-tion was allowed in 89.08%(204/229) of surgeons. The number of leaving messages was <5 times in 52.84%(121/229) of surgeons and >50 times in 6.99%(16/229) of surgeons. On average, each content in 59.39%(136/229) of surgeons were "liked" or "viewed" <100 times, and each content in 29.26%(67/229) of surgeons were "liked" or "viewed" 100-300 times. There were 60.26%(138/229) of surgeons having content with the highest "liked" or "viewed" clicks <1 000 times and 6.99%(16/229) of surgeons having content with the highest "liked" or "viewed" clicks >10 million times. On average, each content in 74.67%(171/229) of surgeons were "forwarded" <100 times, and each content in 6.55%(15/229) of surgeons were "forwarded" >300 times, respectively. The number of followers was <1 million in 87.34%(200/229) of surgeons. The We-Media audiences (multiple choices) included related professional peers, related health care professionals, patients of surgeons, general public, accounting for 42.36%(97/229), 31.00%(71/229), 52.40%(120/229), 53.71%(123/229), respectively. (5) Influence of running We-Media platforms on patients: 34.93%(80/229) of surgeons believed that the operation of We-Media platform significantly increased the number of outpatient and inpatient patients of themselves, 29.69%(68/229) of surgeons believed that the operation of We-Media platform significantly increased the number of outpatient and inpatient patients in their departments, respectively. In the view of 75.98%(174/229) of surgeons, the percent of outpatient and inpatient patients by We-Media platforms was <10%. After 6 months of We-Media operation, 39.74%(91/229) and 25.33%(58/229) of surgeons believed that inpatient and outpatient compliance was significantly improved, respectively, and 46.29% (106/229) of surgeons believed that preopera-tive and pre-chemotherapy or pre-radiotherapy conversations saved more time. (6) Influence of running We-Media platforms on surgeons: 20.09%(46/229) and 6.55%(15/229) of surgeons attributed the success to "long-term, sustainable, absorbed operation" and "important contents of We-Media platforms and wide audiences". There were 72.49%(166/229) of surgeons yet to be successful. There were 26.64% (61/229) and 22.27%(51/229) of surgeons believing that opening We-Media platforms was conducive to the association's employment and multicenter clinical research. Operating We-Media platforms was conducive to professional knowledge improvement, clinical research ability enhancement and teaching level of students, which was believed by 54.59%(125/229), 40.17%(92/229) and 48.91%(112/229) of surgeons, respectively. Although the total income in 88.65%(203/229) of surgeons increased less than 20% after 6 months of operation, 47.60%(109/229) of surgeons believed that "the sense of achievement or pleasure in work has been significantly improved", and 48.91%(112/229) of surgeons did not have the idea of quitting. There were 7.42%(17/229) of surgeons with the idea of quitting the operation of We-Media platforms. (7) Feelings and suggestions of surgeons after running We-Media platforms: the proportion of surgeons who hoped to get help from departments, hospitals, associations and the society were 61.57%(141/229), 72.05%(165/229), 47.16%(108/229) and 53.28%(122/229), respectively. Only 9.61%(22/229) of surgeons did not require help. Commercial advertisement was allowed by 40.17%(92/229) of surgeons and forbidden by 59.83%(137/229) of surgeons. In terms of alternative suggestion, 70.74%(162/229) of surgeons believed that it was necessary for the We-Media platforms to involve more doctors of different specialties, but 40.61%(93/229) of surgeons believed that relevant departments or associations should strengthen supervision under the current situation. In addition, 32.75%(75/229) of surgeons believed that the operation of We-Media platform requires more investment. The were 27.95%(64/229) of surgeons giving specific suggestions on running We-Media platforms, 7.81%(5/64) of which did not suggest a blind try.Conclusions:Most surgeons who open and operate We-Media platforms in China are faced with problems such as busy work, limited time and energy, low-income increase, and lack of professional promotion and maintenance teams and external support. Even so, there are still many surgeons who have achieved success through long-term persistence and high-quality content output, thus increasing the number of patient visits, improving their own ability and industry influence, and bringing a greater sense of professional achievement.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 743-746, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958316

ABSTRACT

To analyze the endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and histopathological features of esophageal epithelial malignant tumors misdiagnosed as esophageal submucosal tumors (SMT), data of patients diagnosed as having esophageal SMT preoperatively but confirmed as esophageal epithelial malignant tumor by pathology after operation in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2012 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and the clinical data including age, gender, size and location of the lesion, origin and echo of the lesion under EUS, endoscopic treatment and postoperative pathology were recorded. Among the 11 patients, there were 9 males and 2 females, aged (65.5±6.2) years. The length diameter of 9 lesions was ≤2 cm, and 8 lesions were located in the middle thoracic esophagus. Among the 11 patients, 10 underwent EUS before operation. The lesions originated from submucosa in 6 cases, muscularis propria in 2 cases and muscularis mucosa in 2 cases. The echo of the lesions was hypoechoic in 9 cases and isoechoic in only 1 case. Of the 11 patients, 3 underwent endoscopic mucosal resection, 6 underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection, and 2 underwent submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection. The histopathological types included 3 cases of moderately to poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, 3 cases of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma, 2 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma (including 1 case of adenoid cystic carcinoma colliding with squamous cell carcinoma), 2 cases of adenocarcinoma, and 1 case of esophageal sarcomatoid carcinoma with basaloid squamous cell carcinoma. Endoscopic manifestations of submucosal eminence in esophageal epithelial malignant tumors are extremely rare. EUS is helpful for differential diagnosis, and diagnostic treatment can make a definite diagnosis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 534-537, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958289

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the influence on the results and safety of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) at different combination time.Methods:Patients who received combined DBE procedures in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from April 2019 to August 2020 were divided into the one-day combination group and the non-one-day combination group. The complete enteroscopy rate, time of anterograde approach, time of retrograde approach, total time of combined approach, adverse events, hospital stay and cost were compared.Results:Among 119 patients who received DBE, 23 patients were excluded due to small intestinal stenosis. The complete enteroscopy rate was 92.9% (39/42) in the one-day group and 74.1% (40/54) in the non-one-day group, showing significant difference ( χ2=4.390, P=0.036). There were significant differences in the time of retrograde approach (35.59±23.29 min VS 55.10±19.04 min, t=-4.080, P<0.001), total time of combined approach (89.10±27.82 min VS 114.20±24.55 min, t=-4.254, P<0.001), hospital stay (9.24±3.76 d VS 11.76±4.41 d, t=-2.599, P=0.011) between the two groups. There were no significant differences in the time of anterograde approach, hospital cost or adverse events between the two groups. Conclusion:Combined DBE on one day yields a higher complete enteroscopy rate, less examination time and less hospital stay, which is worth of clinical application.

16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 277-280, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927373

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect between Tiaoshen acupuncture combined with psychotherapy and simple psychotherapy on anxiety after methamphetamine withdrawal.@*METHODS@#A total of 78 patients were randomized into an observation group (39 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (39 cases, 1 case dropped off). Psychotherapy was given in the control group. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, Tiaoshen acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), Benshen (GB 13), Neiguan (PC 6) and Shenmen (HT 7) in the observation group. The treatment was given once a day, 6 days were as one course and totally 4 courses were required in both groups. The scores of Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA), quality of life for drug addicts (QOL-DA) and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) before and after treatment were observed in both groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the various scores and the total scores of HAMA, QOL-DA and PSQI were decreased compared before treatment in both groups (P<0.05), and the scores of somatic anxiety factor, the psychic anxiety factor and the total score of HAMA, each various score and the total score of QOL-DA as well as the scores of sleep quality, time to fall asleep, sleep time, daytime dysfunction and the total score of PSQI in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Tiaoshen acupuncture combined with psychotherapy can relieve the anxiety in patients with anxiety after methamphetamine withdrawal, improve the quality of life and sleep, the therapeutic effect is superior to the simple psychotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Anxiety/therapy , Methamphetamine/adverse effects , Quality of Life
17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 162-166, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927352

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the curative effect of Tiaoshen acupuncture combined with artificial tears and artificial tears alone for dry eye syndrome with yin deficiency of liver and kidney.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 patients of dry eye syndrome with yin deficiency of liver and kidney were randomized into an acupuncture combined with medication group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a medication group (35 cases, 3 cases dropped off). In the medication group, 0.1% sodium hyaluronate eye drop was applied, 3 times a day, 1 drop each time. On the basis of the treatment as the medication group, Tiaoshen acupuncture was applied at Shenting (GV 24), Shenmen (HT 7), Benshen (GB 13), Taixi (KI 3), Taichong (LR 3), Guangming (GB 37), Fengchi (GB 20), Tongziliao (GB 1), Yuyao (EX-HN 4) in the acupuncture combined with medication group, Tongziliao (GB 1) and Yuyao (EX-HN 4) were connect with electroacupuncture, the needles were retained for 30 min, once a day, 6 times a week. Both groups were treated for 2 weeks. Before and after treatment, the clinical symptom score, SchirmerⅠtest (SⅠT), break-up time (BUT), corneal fluorescein staining (FL) score and Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) score were observed in the two groups, and the clinical efficacy was compared in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the clinical symptom scores, corneal FL and HAMA scores were decreased (P<0.05), the levels of SⅠT and BUT were increased after treatment in the two groups (P<0.05). After the treatment, the clinical symptom score, FL and HAMA scores in the acupuncture combined with medication group were lower than the medication group (P<0.05), the levels of SⅠT and BUT in the acupuncture combined with medication group were higher than the medication group (P<0.05). The total effective rate in the acupuncture combined with medication group was 90.9% (30/33), which was higher than 71.9% (23/32) in the medication group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Tiaoshen acupuncture combined with artificial tears could promote the secretion of tears for patients of dry eye syndrome with yin deficiency of liver and kidney, repair corneal defect and prolong tear film break-up time, and alleviate anxiety state, its curative effect is better than simple artificial tears.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Dry Eye Syndromes/therapy , Kidney , Liver , Treatment Outcome , Yin Deficiency/therapy
18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 75-78, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927337

ABSTRACT

To summarize SUN Shen-tian's treatment ideas and clinical features. SUN applies meridian syndrome differentiation to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases; advocates that prevention and treatment of diseases should be regulated mind firstly; applies transcranial repetitive acupuncture combined modern cerebral cortex function positioning; emphasizes the application of multiple acupuncture methods and manipulation, and includes the meridian penetrating needling method, the flat needling and penetrating needling method, and the stagnant needle lifting method, pays attention to the importance of achieving qi and manipulation for the effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Moxibustion
19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1247-1252, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To com pare the long-term efficacy and safety betwe en domestic Mycophenolate mofetil dispersible tablets(dt-MMF)and imported Mycophenolate mofetil capsules (c-MMF)in kidney transplant recipients. METHODS In retrospective cohort study ,the data of patients who had undergone the living donor kidney transplantat during the period of 2012 to 2014 in West China Hospital of Sichuan University were screened and included ,and then divided into dt-MMF group and c-MMF group according to the drug use of kidney transplant recipients. Initial oral dose of dt-MMF and c-MMF were both 1 000 mg each time , twice a day ;at the same time ,both groups were additionally given Tacrolimus capsules 1.5 mg,twice a day+Prednisone acetate tablets 5-10 mg,orally after breakfast every day. The clinical data of the two groups were collected before and after kidney transplant for 5 years;the efficacy and safety indexes of two drugs were compared ,and the robustness of results were analyzed by 1∶1 propensity score matching (PSM). RESULTS A total of 666 kidney transplant recipients were included ,involving 316 patients in dt-MMF group and 350 patients in c-MMF group. The 5-year patient survival rates of dt-MMF group and c-MMF group were 99.68% and 99.43%,the 5-year graft survival rates were 96.20% and 94.29%,the acute rejection rates were 3.80% and 6.57%,the 5-year chronic rejection rates were 2.22% and 2.86%,and the incidences of delayed recovery of transplanted renal function were 0.63% and 0.29%,respectively;there was no statistical significance (P>0.05). There were no significant differences in the incidence of major adverse events between 2 groups,including infection ,adverse events of the blood system and diges tive system (P>0.05). PSM analysis indicated the efficacy and safety results were robust (except for acute rejection ). CONCLUSIONS There is no significant difference in clinical efficacy and safety between dt-MMF and c-MMF for immunosuppression after kidney transplant.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1736-1740, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886715

ABSTRACT

@#Macular hole is a retinal disease that seriously threatens vision. With the progress of science and technology and the improvement of examination methods, understanding this disease has been further clarified. This article reviews the latest advances in pathogenesis, diagnosis, classification, healing process, prognosis, closure mode, and treatment macular hole, in order to help ophthalmologists formulate surgery.

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