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1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 260-266, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010333

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The effects of acupuncture have varied in different randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and there are many factors that influence treatment effect of acupuncture in different outcomes, with conflicting results.@*OBJECTIVE@#To identify factors and their impact on the treatment effect of acupuncture in different outcomes.@*METHODS@#Acupuncture RCTs were searched from 7 databases including Medline (PubMed), Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, VIP Database, and China Biology Medicine disc between January 1st, 2015 and December 31st, 2019. Eligible studies must compare acupuncture to no acupuncture, sham acupuncture, or waiting lists, and report at least 1 patient-important outcome. A multi-level meta-regression was conducted using a 3-level robust mixed model and univariate analyses were performed for all independent variables, even those excluded from the multivariable model due to collinearities. We used thresholds of 0.2 and 0.4 for the difference of standardized mean differences (SMDs), categorising them as small (<0.2), moderate (0.2-0.4), or large (>0.4) effects.@*RESULTS@#The pain construct analysis involved 211 effect estimates from 153 studies and 14 independent variables. High-frequency acupuncture treatment sessions produced larger effects compared to low-frequency sessions [large magnitude, the difference of adjusted SMDs 0.46, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.07 to 0.84; P=0.02]. The non-pain symptoms construct analysis comprised 323 effect estimates from 231 studies and 15 independent variables. Penetrating acupuncture showed moderately larger effects when compared to non-penetrating acupuncture (0.30, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.53; P=0.01). The function construct analysis included 495 effect estimates from 274 studies and 14 independent variables. Penetrating acupuncture and the flexible acupuncture regimen showed moderately larger effects, compared to non-penetrating acupuncture and fixed regimen, respectively (0.40, 95% CI 0 to 0.80; P=0.05; 0.29, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.53; P=0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#High-frequency acupuncture sessions appear to be a more effective approach to managing painful symptoms. Penetrating acupuncture demonstrated greater effect in relieving non-painful symptoms. Both penetrating acupuncture type and flexible acupuncture regimen were linked to significant treatment effects in function outcomes. Future studies should consider the factors that are significantly associated with the effects of acupuncture in patient-important outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Pain , Pain Management , China
2.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 93-98, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961834

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the effects of programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) and continuous epidural infusion (CEI) on enhanced recovery after cesarean section. MethodsTotally 120 women scheduled to undergo elective cesarean section under combined spinal and epidural anesthesia, aged 18-45 years, with single fetus, full-term pregnancy (≥37 weeks), ASA grade II or III, were recruited, with 60 cases in each group. At the end of the surgery, after a similar epidural loading dose, patients were randomLy assigned to receive either PIEB (6 mL·h-1 beginning 30 minutes after the loading dose) or CEI (6 mL·h-1, beginning immediately after the loading dose) for the maintenance of analgesia with 0.1% ropivacaine. At 2, 6, 12, 24 and 36 h postoperatively, VAS score was used to evaluate the composite pain, and Bromage Score was used to evaluate the degree of lower extremity motor block. The time to first flatus, time to first ambulation and the satisfaction scores were also recorded. ResultsThe VAS scores at 12, 24 and 36 h postoperatively and the lower extremity motor block scores at 6, 12 and 24 h postoperatively in the PIEB group were significantly lower than those in the CEI group (P < 0.01). The epidural analgesic dosage was less in the PIEB group than that of the CEI group (P=0.002). The time to first flatus and time to first ambulation were significantly shorter than those in the CEI group (P < 0.05). The satisfaction scores were significantly higher in the PIEB group than in the CEI group (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the first urination time after urinary catheter removal and the length of hospital stay between the two groups (P > 0.05). ConclusionCompared with CEI, PIEB provides better postoperative analgesia, less motor block scores, lower epidural analgesic dosage, shorter the time to first flatus and defecation and time to first ambulation, and greater patient satisfaction, which is more consistent with the ERAS concept of analgesia.

3.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 321-327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961327

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the distribution characteristics and functional genes of cariogenic bacteria in oral microorganisms of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and to improve the understanding of the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus and dental caries.@*Methods@#The experimental group included 10 patients with type 2 diabetes treated in the Department of Endocrinology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University. The normal control group included healthy oral subjects without type 2 diabetes in the community population (10 cases). Samples of supragingival plaque from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and normal controls were collected and sequenced. Bioinformatics and statistical analysis of cariogenic bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus, Actinomyces viscosus and Candida albicans were carried out.@*Results@#There were slightly fewer cariogenic bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus, Actinomyces viscosus and Candida albicans in supragingival plaque samples of type 2 diabetic patients than in normal controls, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The results of KEGG pathway functional metabolic differences showed that the metabolic pathways of D-arginine and D-ornithine metabolism, biofilm formation-Escherichia coli, carolactam degradation and arginine biosynthesis were more abundant in the T2DM group than in the normal control group, while metabolic pathways such as tyrosine metabolism, selenocompound metabolism and pyruvate metabolism showed the opposite trend. @*Conclusion @#There was no significant difference in the content of cariogenic microorganisms between type 2 diabetic patients and normal control group. The differential metabolic pathways of the functional genes indicated that an increase in the arginine metabolic pathway was beneficial to the maintenance of acid-base balance in the oral microecological environment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 440-445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of elderly patients with papillary thyroid cancer(PTC)by age grouping.Methods:The patients were divided into three groups according to age at diagnosis: old(≥60 years, 90 cases), middle(40-59 years, 359 cases)and young patients(<40 years, 203 cases). The clinical data of 652 patients with PTC who were admitted to the Department of Thyroid Surgery of Beijing Hospital from December 2019 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were divided into elderly group(≥60 years old, 90 cases), middle-aged group(40-59 years old, 359 cases)and young group(<40 years old, 203 cases). The clinical characteristics, ultrasound characteristics and invasion-related factors of patients in different groups were analyzed by statistical methods.Results:Compared with the young and middle-aged group, the elderly patients with PTC had a higher proportion of microcarcinoma(75.6%, 75.2%, 61.4%, χ2=13.054, P=0.001), less cervical lymph node metastasis(24.4%, 34.3%, 58.1%, χ2=41.650, P<0.001), and lower proportion of metastatic lymph nodes(0.08, 0.14, 0.24, χ2=40.618, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in tumor location and extra glandular invasion among the three age groups(35.56%, 36.2%, 38.4%, χ2=0.959, P=0.545). Conclusions:Compared with the young and middle-aged groups, PTC showed low invasiveness in the elderly population.In addition to surgical treatment, for elderly patients with low-risk clinical characteristics, it is worth performing a further study on whether careful observation or palliative treatment can be selected after comprehensive evaluation.

5.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 126-130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990490

ABSTRACT

Community-acquired pneumonia(CAP) is one of the leading causes of death in children under 5 years of age.Early identification and clarification of its severity and appropriate therapeutic measures can improve survival, but there are limitations in the existing laboratory indices applied to diagnose CAP.Therefore, it is still necessary to find new and highly specific biomarkers that can identify the etiology and predict the severity of the disease before it worsens in children, and provides a basis for more effective therapeutic measures.Metabolomics provides a new way to search for biomarkers and pathogenesis through qualitative and quantitative analysis of metabolite changes in biological samples.This review summarized the latest research progress on metabolomics in childhood CAP, hoping to provide ideas for the early diagnosis and treatment of childhood CAP.

6.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 750-757, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988720

ABSTRACT

High-level pathogenic microorganism laboratories are strategic scientific and technological forces of national biosafety, so it is significant to improve the policy and system management and strengthen the safety supervision. This paper reviewed the current status of management policy and system of high-level pathogenic microorganism laboratories, summarized the problems and challenges in terms of safety laws and regulations, supervision mechanism, hierarchical and classified management, standards and norms, legal person responsibility system, occupational access system and personnel training system. This paper also proposed targeted policy suggestions that might underlie the biosafety management of high-level pathogenic microorganism laboratories in China.

7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 231-240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981000

ABSTRACT

Persistent neurogenesis exists in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the ventricles and the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus in the adult mammalian brain. Adult endogenous neurogenesis not only plays an important role in the normal brain function, but also has important significance in the repair and treatment of brain injury or brain diseases. This article reviews the process of adult endogenous neurogenesis and its application in the repair of traumatic brain injury (TBI) or ischemic stroke, and discusses the strategies of activating adult endogenous neurogenesis to repair brain injury and its practical significance in promoting functional recovery after brain injury.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Humans , Brain/physiopathology , Hippocampus/physiopathology , Mammals/physiology , Neurogenesis/physiology , Brain Hemorrhage, Traumatic/therapy , Ischemic Stroke/therapy , Recovery of Function , Spinal Cord/physiopathology
8.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1534-1542, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015665

ABSTRACT

Endoplasmic reticulum is one of the most important organelles in maintaining cellular homeo⁃ stasis, mainly involved in intracellular lipid synthesis, protein folding and calcium ion homeostasis. Trau⁃ ma, ischemia and hypoxia and other pathological changes can cause protein folding dysfunction in the en⁃ doplasmic reticulum, triggering endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS). Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a com⁃ mon traumatic disease with anextremely high disability rate, which seriously affects the quality of life. There is no safe and effective clinical methods so far. Investigations have shown that ERS is one of the important pathological changes leading to cell death and neuronal dysfunction after SCI, and is closely as⁃ sociated with signaling pathways such as apoptosis, autophagy, and inflammation in neurons after SCI; however, the molecular mechanisms between ERS and SCI have not yet been thoroughly investigated. A deeper understanding and exploration of the potential molecular mechanisms associated with ERS and SCI may be the future SCI therapeutics. In this paper, we first summarized the relationship between the chan⁃ ges of ERS⁃related genes and the pathological process of SCI, Then the interrelationships between ERS and the apoptosis, inflammation, and autophagy signaling pathways after SCI were analyzed, starting from the three main modes of regulation, including unfolded protein response (UPR), endoplasmic reticulum⁃ associated degradation (ERAD), and endoplasmic reticulophagy (ER⁃phagy),Finally, we summarize the relevant drugs and application prospects of targeting ERS for SCI in recent years, which may provide a theoretical basis for targeting the ERS pathway for SCI and provide some ideas and insights for the de⁃ velopment of future therapeutic strategies after SCI.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1048-1054, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013780

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate whether resveratrol (Resveratrol, Res) induces cardiomyocyte protection by increasing intracellular zinc ion and its possible signal mechanism. Methods H9c2 cells were routinely cultured and 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) was used to establish an endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) model. The experiment was randomly divided into control group, 2-DG group, Res +2-DG group, TPEN + Res + 2-DG group and 3-MA + Res +2-DG group. Cell viability was detected by MTT and CCK-8; the expression levels of ERS molecular chaperone proteins glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), glucose-regulated protein 94 (GRP94) and autophagy proteins LC3 II / I, p62 and p-AMPK were detected by Western blot; the expression of LC3 protein was measured by cellular immunofluorescence; the mitochondrial membrane potential (Aijjm) and the intracellular zinc ion level were measured by laser scanning confocal microscope. Results Compared with the control group, 2-DG reduced cell activity and resveratrol inhibited the changes caused by 2-DG, which was reversed by zinc chelator TPEN. 2-DG increased GRP78 and GRP94 expression and resveratrol inhibited the protein changes caused by 2-DG, which was reversed by TPEN. 2-DG increased the expression of LC3 II / I, p-AMPK and decreased the expression of p62, and resveratrol promoted the effect of 2-DG. 2-DG increased the fluorescence intensity of LC3, and resveratrol enhanced the effect of 2-DG, which was reversed by TPEN and 3-MA. 2-DG reduced the red fluorescence intensity of mitochondrial TMRE and green fluorescence intensity of intracellular zinc ions, and resveratrol inhibited these changes caused by 2-DG, which was also reversed by TPEN and 3-MA. The above differences were all statistically significant (P < 0. 05). Conclusion Resveratrol increases intracellular zinc to promote ERS-induced autophagy and prevent the mPTP opening in H9c2 cardiac cells.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2494-2502, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999105

ABSTRACT

Radiation enteritis (RE) is a common syndrome in the radiotherapy of abdominal and pelvic malignant tumors, heavy influencing living quality, but no specific clinical regimens are available. Long oil (LO) is composed of the fat components from cuttlebone, safflower, walnut oil and rapeseed oil and has been clinically used for wound healing. In this study, oral LO was applied for the prevention and treatment of RE and the mechanisms were explored. Animal experiments were approved by the Ethics Committee of the Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, and the experiments were conducted in accordance with relevant guidelines and regulations. An RE mouse model was established after single whole abdominal γ-ray radiation of 13 Gy. LO (8 mL·kg-1) was intragastrically administered to the mice 1 h pre-radiation. Compared to the models, the mice of the LO group had more regenerated intestinal crypts and longer villus on day 3.5, and remarkable increase in the abundance of gut microbiota on day 7, especially the amounts of probiotics including Eubacterium and Lactobacillus. Moreover, the mice of the LO group showed longer total movement distance, shorter immobility time, and higher speed than the model mice on day 7. On day 14, the mice of the LO group showed the high descending of proinflammatory factors including tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6, close to the normal levels. Therefore, oral LO can alleviate the inflamed syndromes of RE and improve the repair of damaged intestinal tissues. Moreover, the mice of the LO group had highly low permeability of intestinal mucosa according to the fluorescence labeling experiment, which was close to the normal level. Oral LO can protect intestine mucosa and prevent RE by modification of the intestinal microenvironment, alleviation of the inflammatory response, and promotion of tissue repair.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2961-2969, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999038

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary fibrosis is an interstitial lung disease characterized by inflammatory injury and tissue structure destruction. Currently, there is a lack of effective therapeutic drugs for pulmonary fibrosis, and the mechanism is still unknown. Therefore, it is urgent to seek new targets for effective drugs. In pulmonary fibrosis, the level of autotaxin (ATX) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid increases and stimulates the production of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). The involvement of LPA receptors in activating a variety of G-protein-mediated signal transduction pathways leads to a range of related physiological effects, including pro-inflammatory signaling in epithelial cells, activation of transforming growth factor signaling, and stimulation of fibroblast accumulation. LPA receptor antagonists and ATX inhibitors have been concerned as new targets for pulmonary fiber therapy, and currently related drugs have entered clinical trials. In this paper, the pathophysiological effects of LPA and ATX in pulmonary fibrosis disease and related drug development progress were reviewed to provide reference information of new drug development for pulmonary fibrosis based on the ATX-LPA axis.

12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 813-817, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980800

ABSTRACT

As an indicator that measures the degree of implementation of intervention measures during the implementation process, fidelity could be used for monitoring and quality evaluation of the completion degree of intervention measures, and plays an important role in improving the degree of intervention implementation and clarifying the factors that affect intervention implementation. This article aims to introduce the connotation and significance, measurement, control, and current application status of fidelity, as well as the current application status of fidelity in acupuncture-moxibustion clinical research and its inspiration for future research. Meanwhile, based on the existing evaluation tool development methods of fidelity and the characteristics of acupuncture-moxibustion clinical research, a preliminary fidelity evaluation framework is proposed. Introducing fidelity into acupuncture-moxibustion clinical research could improve the implementation quality and compliance of acupuncture-moxibustion in clinical research, increase the credibility and effectiveness of clinical research results, and promote the transformation of acupuncture-moxibustion experience into easily learnable and promotable treatment plans.


Subject(s)
Moxibustion , Acupuncture Therapy
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1441-1451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978735

ABSTRACT

We used network pharmacology to predict the mechanism in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) via modified Gan Cao Fu Zi Decoction (GCFZ), and validated the results of the analysis and explored the pharmacodynamic effects of GCFZ through animal experiments. Firstly, TCMID, SymMap, HERB, STITCH and GEO databases were utilized to obtain the target genes of GCFZ for the treatment of RA, which yielded a total of 1 250 differentially expressed genes for RA, 534 genes for GCFZ targets and 83 intersecting genes. Then functional enrichment analysis of the intersecting genes was performed through GO and KEGG databases, and the results revealed that GCFZ and its active ingredients mainly functioned through cytokine pathways, where chemokine signaling pathway and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway were enriched with a high number of genes. Cytoscape 3.8.0 software was used to construct the drug-target-disease network and screen key proteins, which included TNF, C-X-C chemokine ligand 8 (CXCL8), C-X-C chemokine ligand 10 (CXCL10), C-C chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5), C-X-C chemokine ligand 2 (CXCL2) and C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4). The molecular docking technology was used to confirm the binding ability of the main active ingredients of GCFZ to the core proteins. Additionally, the therapeutic effects of GCFZ in low (4 g·kg-1), medium (8 g·kg-1) and high (16 g·kg-1) dose groups were investigated by constructing the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rat model. X-ray imaging approach, HE staining and Safranin O-Fast Green staining showed that GCFZ treatment significantly improved bone destruction, synovial hyperplasia and cartilage damage in CIA rats, while immunofluorescence results showed that GCFZ treatment could regulate the expression of TNF, CXCL8 and CCL5. In summary, our results indicate that GCFZ contains a variety of small molecule pharmacodynamic substances, which can exert therapeutic effects via multiple targets and pathways, and obviously reduce the symptoms of arthritis in CIA rats. This animal experiment of our research was approved by the Experimental Animal Management and Ethics Committee of Bengbu Medical College.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6191-6199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008818

ABSTRACT

Simiao Yong'an Decoction is a classic prescription for treating gangrene. Modern medical evidence has proven that Si-miao Yong'an Decoction has therapeutic effects on atherosclerosis(AS), vascular occlusion angeitides, and hypertension, while its pharmacodynamic mechanism remains unclear. The evidence of network pharmacology, molecular docking, literature review, and our previous study suggests that luteolin and kaempferol are two major flavonoids in Simiao Yong'an Decoction and can inhibit macrophage inflammation and exert anti-AS effects. However, due to lack of the metabolism studies in vivo, little is known about the metabolic characteristics of luteolin and kaempferol. This study employed ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with linear ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometry(UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS/MS) and relevant software to identify the metabolites and metabolic pathways of luteolin and kaempferol in rat plasma, urine, and feces, after oral administration of luteolin and kaempferol, respectively. After the administration of luteolin, 10, 11, and 3 metabolites of luteolin were detected in the plasma, urine, and feces, respectively. After the administration of kaempferol, 9, 3, and 1 metabolites of kaempferol were detected in the plasma, urine, and feces, respectively. The metabolic pathways mainly involved methylation, glucuronidation, and sulfation. This study enriches the knowledge about the pharmacological mechanism of luteolin and kaempferol and supplies a reference for revealing the metabolic process of other flavonoids in Simiao Yong'an Decoction, which is of great significance for elucidating the pharmacological effects and effective substances of this decoction in vivo.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Luteolin/analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Kaempferols/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Molecular Docking Simulation
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1315-1323, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007489

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the report quality, methodological quality and evidence quality of the systematic reviews and meta-analyses (SRs/MAs) of acupuncture for in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET).@*METHODS@#The SRs/MAs of acupuncture for IVF-ET were searched electronically from databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, from inception of each database to September 27th, 2022. Two reviewers independently screened the literature and extracted the data. Using PRISMA statement, the AMSTAR 2 scale and the GRADE system, the report quality, methodological quality and evidence quality of the included SRs/MAs were assessed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 28 SRs/MAs were included, with PRISMA scores ranging from 8.5 points to 27 points. The problems of report quality focused on protocol and registration, retrieval, risk of bias in studies, additional analysis, limitations and funding. The methodological quality of included studies was generally low, reflecting on items 2, 3, 7, 10, 12 and 16. A total of 85 outcome indexes were included in the GRADE system for evidence grade evaluation. Most of the evidences were low or very low in quality. The reasons for the downgrade were related to study limitations, inconsistency, imprecision and publication bias.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Acupuncture therapy improves the outcomes of IVF-ET, but the methodological quality and evidence quality of related SRs/MAs are low. It is recommended to conduct more high-quality studies in the future to provide more reliable evidences.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Databases, Factual , Embryo Transfer , Fertilization in Vitro , Publication Bias , Systematic Reviews as Topic
16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 701-707, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009121

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore method and clinical effect of microsurgical thinned anterolateral thigh perforator flap to repair soft tissue defects of foot and ankle.@*METHODS@#From March 2017 to January 2022, totally 20 patients with soft tissue defects of ankle joint were treated with micro-thinning anterolateral perforator flap for free transplantation, included 13 males and 7 females, aged from 22 to 58 years old with an average of (36.45±12.36) years old. The size of flap ranged from 8.0 cm×5.0 cm to 20.0 cm×12.0 cm. Before operation, perforating vessels on the anterolateral thigh region were detected and marked with a portable Doppler detector. For the defect width less than 8 cm, 11 patients were repaired with a single flap. For the defect width more than 8 cm, the wound could not be sutured directly, and the lobulated flap technique was used in 9 patients, the width was converted to length, and the donor site was closed directly. Under the microscope, all flaps were thinened in a stepwise manner from the center of the pedicle to the periphery. After operation, survival of the flap, the shape, texture, sensory function recovery were observes, and recovery of foot function was evaluated by Maryland foot function evaluation standard.@*RESULTS@#All 20 patients with microsurgical thinned anterolateral thigh perforator flaps were survived. Venous crisis occurred in 1 patient due to subcutaneous hematoma, after removal of the hematoma, the crisis was relieved and the flap survived successfully. The wounds in the donor and recipient sites healed well, and only linear scars left in the donor sites. Twenty patients were followed up for 3 to 26 months after operation, good shape of flaps without bloated, and good texture. The two-point discrimination of free flaps ranged from 9.0 to 16.0 mm, and the protective sensation was restored. The ankle flexion and extension function recovered well and patients could walk normally. According to Maryland foot function evaluation standard, 8 patients got excellent result, 10 patients good and 2 middle.@*CONCLUSION@#Microsurgical thinned anterolateral thigh perforator flap is an ideal method to repair soft tissue defects in functional area of foot and ankle, with good appearance and texture of the flap, no need for re-plastic surgery, reduced hospitalization costs, and less donor site damage.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Ankle/surgery , Thigh/surgery , Ankle Joint , Perforator Flap , Hematoma
17.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 845-854, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010221

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The optimal apolipoprotein or lipid measures for identifying statin-treated patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) at residual cardiovascular risk remain controversial. This study aimed to compare the predictive powers of apolipoprotein B (apoB), non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apoB/apolipoprotein A-1 (apoA-1) and non-HDL-C/HDL-C for myocardial infarction (MI) in CAD patients treated with statins in the setting of secondary prevention.@*METHODS@#The study included 9191 statin-treated CAD patients with a five-year median follow-up. All measures were analyzed as continuous variables and concordance/discordance groups by medians. The hazard ratio (HR) with 95% CI was estimated by Cox proportional hazards regression. Patients were classified by the clinical presentation of CAD for further analysis.@*RESULTS@#The high-apoB-low-LDL-C and the high-non-HDL-C-low-LDL-C categories yielded HR of 1.40 (95% CI: 1.04-1.88) and 1.51 (95% CI: 1.07-2.13) for MI, respectively, whereas discordant high LDL-C with low apoB or non-HDL-C was not associated with the risk of MI. No association of MI with discordant apoB versus non-HDL-C, apoB/apoA-1 versus apoB, non-HDL-C/HDL-C versus non-HDL-C, or apoB/apoA-1 versus non-HDL-C/HDL-C was observed. Similar patterns were found in patients with acute coronary syndrome. In contrast, no association was observed between any concordance/discordance category and the risk of MI in patients with chronic coronary syndrome.@*CONCLUSIONS@#ApoB and non-HDL-C better predict MI in statin-treated CAD patients than LDL-C, especially in patients with acute coronary syndrome. ApoB/apoA-1 and non-HDL-C/HDL-C show no superiority to apoB and non-HDL-C for predicting MI.

18.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 7-12, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984173

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the difference in CT values between pulmonary thromboembolism and postmortem clot in postmortem CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) to further improve the application value of virtual autopsy.@*METHODS@#Postmortem CTPA data with the definite cause of death from 2016 to 2019 were collected and divided into pulmonary thromboembolism group (n=4), postmortem clot group (n=5), and control group (n=5). CT values of pulmonary trunk and left and right pulmonary artery contents in each group were measured and analyzed statistically.@*RESULTS@#The average CT value in the pulmonary thromboembolism group and postmortem clot group were (168.4±53.8) Hu and (282.7±78.0) Hu, respectively, which were lower than those of the control group (1 193.0±82.9) Hu (P<0.05). The average CT value of the postmortem clot group was higher than that of the pulmonary thromboembolism group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#CT value is reliable and feasible as a relatively objective quantitative index to distinguish pulmonary thromboembolism and postmortem clot in postmortem CTPA. At the same time, it can provide a scientific basis to a certain extent for ruling out pulmonary thromboembolism deaths.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autopsy , Thrombosis , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Angiography , Cadaver
19.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 376-383, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985683

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, pathological diagnosis and prognosis of diffuse midline glioma (DMG) with H3K27 alteration in adults. Methods: Twenty cases of H3K27-altered adult DMG diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were enrolled from 2017 to 2022. All cases were evaluated by clinical and imaging presentations, HE, immunohistochemical staining and molecular genetics; and the relevant literature was reviewed. Results: The ratio of male to female was 1∶1, and the median age was 53 years (range from 25 to 74 years); the tumors were located in the brainstem (3/20, 15%) and non-brainstem (17/20, 85%; three in thoracolumbar spinal cord and one in pineal region). The clinical manifestations were non-specific, mostly dizziness, headache, blurred vision, memory loss, low back pain, limb sensation and/or movement disorders, etc. Microscopically, the tumors showed infiltrative growth, with WHO grade 2 (3 cases), grade 3 (12 cases), and grade 4 (5 cases). The tumors showed astrocytoma-like and oligdendroglioma-like, pilocytic astrocytoma-like and epithelioid-like patterns. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for GFAP, Olig2 and H3K27M, and H3K27me3 expression was variably lost. ATRX expression was lost in four cases, p53 was strongly positive in 11 cases. Ki-67 index was about 5%-70%. Molecular genetics showed p. k27m mutation in exon 1 of H3F3A gene in 20 cases; BRAF mutation in two cases: V600E and L597Q mutation in one case each. Follow up intervals ranged from 1 to 58 months, and the survival time for brainstem (6.0 months) and non-brainstem (30.4 months) tumors was significantly different (P<0.05). Conclusions: DMG with H3K27 alteration is uncommonly found in adults, mostly occurs in non-brainstem, and can present in adults of all ages. Owing to the wide histomorphologic features, mainly astrocytic differentiation, routine detection of H3K27me3 in midline glioma is recommended. Molecular testing should be performed on any suspected cases to avoid missed diagnosis. Concomitant BRAF L597Q mutation and PPM1D mutation are novel findings. The overall prognosis of this tumor is poor, with tumors located in the brainstem showing worse outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Histones/genetics , Brain Neoplasms/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/metabolism , Glioma/pathology , Astrocytoma/pathology , Mutation
20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 837-844, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985570

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the status of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) cohort studies and explore the feasibility of constructing ASD disease-specific cohorts based on real-world data (RWD). Methods: ASD cohort studies published by December 2022 were collected by literature retrieval from major Chinese and English databases. And the characteristics of the cohort were summarized. Results: A total of 1 702 ASD cohort studies were included, and only 60 (3.53%) were from China. A total of 163 ASD-related cohorts were screened, of which 55.83% were birth cohorts, 28.22% were ASD-specific cohorts, and 4.91% were ASD high-risk cohorts. Most cohorts used RWD such as hospital registries or conducted community-based field surveys to obtain participant information and identified patients with ASD by scales or clinical diagnoses. The contents of the studies included ASD incidence and prognostic risk factors, ASD comorbidity patterns and the impact of ASD on self-health and their offspring's health. Conclusions: ASD cohort studies in developed countries have been in the advanced stage, while the Chinese studies are still in their infancy. RWD provides the data basis for ASD-specific cohort construction and offers new opportunities for research, but work such as case validation is still needed to ensure the scientific nature of cohort construction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Cohort Studies , Databases, Factual
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