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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 750-757, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013114

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of the triple therapy of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists, neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists and dexamethasone (referred to as “triple therapy”) in the prevention and treatment of acute nausea and vomiting caused by moderately and highly emetogenic chemotherapy drugs. METHODS Retrieved from PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI and Wanfang data, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about triple therapy or 5-HT3 receptor antagonist combined with dexamethasone (referred to as “dual therapy”) were collected during the inception to May 2023. After literature screening, data extraction and literature evaluation, network meta-analysis was performed by using Stata 16.0 software. RESULTS A total of 59 RCTs were included, involving 23 418 patients and 15 interventions. Results of network meta-analysis showed that fosaprepitant + palonosetron + dexamethasone (FPD) was most effective in terms of acute nausea and vomiting control rate, followed by fosaprepitant + granisetron + dexamethasone (FGD) and aprepitant + ramosetron + dexamethasone (AMD). In terms of acute nausea control rate, FPD was the most effective, followed by aprepitant + palonosetron + dexamethasone (APD) and FGD. In terms of acute vomiting control rate, FPD was the most effective, followed by FGD and APD. CONCLUSIONS Fosaprepitant + palonosetron + dexamethasone is better than other triple therapy or dual therapy in preventing acute nausea and vomiting caused by moderately and highly emetogenic chemotherapy drugs.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 601-606, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012580

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the effects of ADRB1 Arg389Gly polymorphisms on the efficacy of bisoprolol, thus providing some information for individualized drug therapy. METHODS A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI, and Wanfang Data to retrieve and find out all relevant literature about bisoprolol and ADRB1 Arg389Gly polymorphism from the inception to May 2023. The retrieved literature was screened and selected according to the inclusive and exclusive criteria, thereafter quality assessment was conducted. RevMan 5.4 software was utilized to perform the meta- analysis for the outcome index. RESULTS Overall 7 literature with 1 339 cases were included. Among them, 4 studies provided the changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (ΔSBP and ΔDBP); 4 involving the change (ΔLVEF) of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Results of the study showed that there was no statistical significance in the improvement of blood pressure between wild-type group (AA) and mutation group (AG+GG) of ADRB1 Arg389Gly treated with bisoprolol {ΔSBP [SMD=0.17,95%CI (-0.97,1.31), P=0.77], ΔDBP [SMD=-0.01,95%CI (-0.65,0.62), P=0.97]}; there was no statistical significance in the improvement of ΔLVEF [SMD=-0.61, 95%CI (-2.74,1.53), P=0.58] between 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS ADRB1 Arg389Gly gene polymorphism has no significant influence on the improvement of SBP, DBP, and LVEF in cardiovascular patients who use bisoprolol.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 12-20, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005248

ABSTRACT

In the quality control of Chinese medicine, the detection of active components and toxic and harmful components are two important links. Although conventional methods such as high performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry can accurately quantify the above substances, they have shortcomings such as complicated operation, high costs, inability of detection at any time, difficult detection of insoluble and macromolecular substances. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) can adsorb antigens or antibodies on the surface of solid carriers and realize qualitative or quantitative analysis of targets by using the specific reactions of antigens and antibodies. This method is praised for the simple operation, high sensitivity, strong specificity, simple requirements for experimental equipment, a wide application range, and low costs. In recent years, ELISA has been widely used in the quality control of Chinese medicine, especially in the content determination of mycotoxins represented by aflatoxin and the qualitative and quantitative analysis of active components. ELISA plays an increasingly important role with its unique advantages, providing new methods and ideas for the rapid quality examination of large quantities of Chinese medicines. This paper reviews the research progress in ELISA for the quality control of Chinese medicine in recent years and prospects its technical development and application prospects, aiming to provide reference and research ideas for further using this method to ensure the quality, safety, and controllability of Chinese medicine.

4.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 760-765, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985469

ABSTRACT

Childhood and adolescent obesity has become a global epidemic. The interventions mainly include lifestyle intervention, medication treatment and bariatric surgery. Among them, lifestyle intervention, especially intensive lifestyle intervention with participation of family members, is the first-line treatment for obesity in children and adolescents. Both medication and bariatric surgery are adjuvant treatments for severely obese children and adolescents. Currently, metformin is the most widely used drug for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents in both China and other countries; orlistat and liraglutide are also the drugs that are safe and often used in other countries; other drugs are not recommended. As a tertiary prevention and treatment strategy for obesity, bariatric surgery should be carried out on the basis of good compliance from both the children and their family members, with the cooperation of multiple disciplines. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are the most common types of procedure performed. Meanwhile, as a new treatment method, intra-gastric balloon procedure needs to be paid more attention to its efficacy and safety.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Child , Pediatric Obesity/prevention & control , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Gastric Bypass/methods , Metformin , Gastrectomy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1294-1298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988818

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of Internet addiction and depression of students, and to analyze the co-occurrence and trend, so as to provide a theoretical basis for prevention and controlling measures of Internet addiction and depression.@*Methods@#A total of 6 317,7 152,81 808,71 180 and 89 932 students aged 10 to 24 years from 12 leagues (103 banners) in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region were selected by stratified random cluster sampling in September each year from 2017 to 2021. The Internet Addiction Scale and the Central for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale(CES-D) was used to measure Internet addiction and depression. And the annual inspection rate, group difference and annual change trend in students were calculated. Multivariate linear regression and restricted cubic spline analysis were used to estimate the linear and non linear associations between Internet addiction and depression in students.@*Results@#The Internet addiction proportion in students gradually decreased from 4.1% in 2017 to 2.1% in 2020, but increased to 3.9% in 2021. And the depressive symptoms proportion increased from 20.9% in 2017 to 28.0% in 2020 and 27.0% in 2021. The detection rate of Internet addiction and depression comorbidities remained at 1.8% to 2.5 %. The Internet addiction proportion in boys was higher than that in girls( χ 2=42.82, P <0.05). The depressive symptoms prevalence in girls was higher than that in boys( χ 2= 553.90, P <0.05). Taking reversal in prevalence of Internet addiction in urban and rural areas was observed in 2019. The detection rates of depressive symptoms and comorbidity were higher in urban areas than these in suburban counties on the whole, and the difference showed a trend of decreasing or even equalizing year by year. Internet addiction was positively correlated with depressive symptoms score ( B=1.67, 95%CI =1.64-1.71), the proportion of depressive symptoms ( OR=1.39, 95%CI =1.38-1.41) and the proportion of major depressive symptoms ( OR=1.35, 95%CI =1.33-1.36) among students in 2021 ( P <0.05). An N-shaped curve was found in the significant nonlinear associations between internet addiction and depression across sex, region and school stage.@*Conclusion@#Internet addiction and depression in students show significant linear and non-linear associations, which are consistent in different sexes, regions and school stages. Therefore, relevant measures should be made and implemented in each region, especially in suburb areas, so as to prevent the increasingly development of adolescents and children s Internet addiction and depression.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 447-450, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965910

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence of abnormal spinal curvature and related factors among middle school students in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, so as to provide evidence for abnormal spinal curvature prevention and treatment.@*Methods@#By using a random stratified cluster sampling method, 87 908 students of middle and high school students from all 12 counties(districts) were investigated via questionnaires for abnormal spinal curvature and health influencing factors in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Chi square test was used to perform demographic characteristics and univariate analysis, and binary multivariate Logistic regression model was used to screen the risk factors for spinal curvature abnormalities in middle school students.@*Results@#A total of 3 131(3.56%) students with spinal curvature abnormalities were detected, with boys (3.69%) higher than that of girls(3.44%), urban areas (6.15%) higher than that of the suburban counties (2.50%), and high school students ( 4.97 %) higher than that of junior high school(2.73%) students( χ 2=4.01, 702.19, 299.36, P <0.05). The detectable rate of spinal curvature abnormalities increased with grade ( χ 2 trend =309.29, P <0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that factors influencing abnormal spinal curvature included myopia, overweight, obesity, the frequency of classroom seating arrangements, time spent on homework/reading after school every day, time spent in daytime outdoor activities, self imposed requirements for posture of sitting and standing, phase of studying, gender, and area ( OR =0.53-2.55, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Abnormal spinal curvature is strongly correlated to nutritional status, myopia, sitting posture when reading and writing, sedentary time, and time spent in outdoor activities. The collaboration of multiple departments is required to establish anenvironment to protect the spine, early detection and early intervention.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1354-1361, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013932

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the molecular mechanisms of alcohol extracts of Euphorbia fischeriana steud. against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) through a combination of network pharmacology analysis and experimental validation. Methods The active ingredients and targets of alcohol extracts of Euphorbia fischeriana steud. were determined through TCMSP, Swiss ADME, Swiss Target Prediction database and references. The databases DisGeNET and GeneCards were employed to screen potential HCC-related genes. Venny platform, STRING platform and Cytoscape software were applied to construct active ingredient-target-disease and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network maps. Gene ontology (GO) and kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses were performed using the DAVID database. To assess the effects of Euphorbia fischeriana steud. alcohol extracts on BEL-7402 cells, the proliferation and apoptosis were detected by CCK-8, EdU and flow cytometry assays, and the related protein levels of JAK2/STAT3 pathway were analyzed by Western blot. Additionally, H22 hepatocellular carcinoma mouse model was used to evaluate the in vivo efficacy of Euphorbia fischeriana steud. alcohol extracts. Results A total of 916 HCC targeted genes, 30 active ingredients containing the related 567 potential targeted genes, and 115 intersection targets of disease and compounds were obtained. KEGG enrichment analysis identified JAK2/STAT3 signaling as a critical pathway. In vitro experiments showed the alcohol extracts of Euphorbia fischeriana steud. could inhibit proliferation, promote apoptosis and suppress JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in a dose-dependent manner in BEL-7402 cells. In addition, the alcohol extracts of Euphorbia fischeriana steud., either alone or in combination with sorafenib, dramatically blocked tumor growth in in vivo tests. Conclusions Euphorbia fischeriana steud. alcohol extracts have anti-cancer effects in HCC, and the molecular mechanisms may be connected to the regulation of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 244-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013850

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of luteolin on M1 macrophages polarization through HIF-1α-mediated glycolytic pathway. Methods RAW264.7 cells were divided into control groups(M0)and LPS+IFN-γ groups(M1). M1 groups were further divided into luteolin group, 2-DG(glycolysis inhibitor)group, luteolin+2-DG group,luteolin+DMOG(HIF-1α agonist)group. The protein expression levels of iNOS, Arg-1 and HIF-1α were detected by Western blot. Macrophage phenotype was detected by flow cytometry. In addition, the expression levels of IL-6 and IL-10 were measured by ELISA. The gene expression levels of GLUT1, HK2, PFK1, PK and HIF-1α were quantified by quantitative real-time PCR. Results Compared with M1 groups, luteolin and luteolin+2-DG treatment groups decreased the expression levels of GLUT1, HK2, PFK1, PK and HIF-1α related to glycolysis. In addition, luteolin and luteolin+2-DG treatment group significantly inhibited the expression of M1 macrophage markers such as iNOS, CD86 and IL-6, whereas up-regulated M2 macrophage markers Arg-1, CD206 and IL-10. Notably, the inhibitory effects of luteolin on M1 macrophages were restored by DMOG. Conclusion Luteolin regulates M1 macrophage polarization by inhibiting the glycolytic pathway induced by HIF-1α.

9.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 338-342, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972771

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the epidemiological characteristics of influenza in Jingzhou from 2016 to 2021, so as to provide scientific evidence for the formulation of influenza prevention and control policies in this region, and effectively protect people's health. MethodsData of influenza-like illness (ILI) and pathogen surveillance in Jingzhou during 2016‒2021 were collected and statistically analyzed. ResultsA total of 46 272 ILI cases were reported from two hospitals in Jingzhou City from 2016 to 2021. The difference in the constituent ratio of ILI was statistically significant among different age groups (P<0.05). A total of 12 812 specimens were collected from two hospitals for influenza surveillance. A total of 1 513 cases were RNA positive,and the positive rate of influenza virus nucleic acid detection was 11.81%. The RNA positive specimens were mainly B (Victoria), accounting for 39.33%. There were statistically significant differences in the positive rate of influenza virus nucleic acids and different types of influenza virus nucleic acids among different years (P<0.05). ConclusionThe influenza epidemic in Jingzhou peaks in winter and spring, and the new A (H1),A (H3), B (Victoria) and B (Yamagata) types alternate and mixed epidemics dominate.

10.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 186-191, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971341

ABSTRACT

Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) is a senile brain lesion caused by the abnormal structure and function of arterioles, venules and capillaries in the aging brain. The etiology of CSVD is complex, and disease is often asymptomatic in its early stages. However, as CSVD develops, brain disorders may occur, such as stroke, cognitive dysfunction, dyskinesia and mood disorders, and heart, kidney, eye and systemic disorders. As the population continues to age, the burden of CSVD is increasing. Moreover, there is an urgent need for better screening methods and diagnostic markers for CSVD, in addition to preventive and asymptomatic- and mild-stage treatments. Integrative medicine (IM), which combines the holistic concepts and syndrome differentiations of Chinese medicine with modern medical perspectives, has unique advantages for the prevention and treatment of CSVD. In this review, we summarize the biological markers, ultrasound and imaging features, disease-related genes and risk factors relevant to CSVD diagnosis and screening. Furthermore, we discuss IM-based CSVD prevention and treatment strategies to stimulate further research in this field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Integrative Medicine , Brain/pathology , Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases/pathology , Stroke/complications , Cognitive Dysfunction/complications , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1800-1807, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981397

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the use of active substances as excipients or as substitutes for other excipients in the design of modern drug delivery systems has received widespread attention, which has promoted the development of the theory of unification of medicines and excipients in the design of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) preparations. Adopting the theory of unification of medicines and excipients to design drug delivery systems can reduce the use of excipients and thus the cost of preparations, reduce drug toxicity, increase drug solubility and biocompatibility, enhance synergistic effect, and realize targeted delivery and simultaneous delivery of multiple components. However, the research on the application of this theory in the modern drug delivery system of TCM preparations is still insufficient, with few relevant articles. In addition, the TCM active substances that can be used as the excipients remain to be catalogued. In this paper, we review the types and applications of the drug delivery systems with TCM active substances as excipients and describe their common construction methods and mechanisms, aiming to provide references for the in-depth research on the modern drug delivery systems for TCM preparations.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Excipients , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Nanomedicine , Pharmaceutical Preparations
12.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1429-1438, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004675

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the application value of CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) in assessing the severity of acute pulmonary embolism (APE) and right heart function in rehabilitation patients. MethodsFrom January, 2013 to January, 2020, 133 inpatients (94 positive and 39 negative) who underwent CTPA examination in Beijing Bo'ai Hospital were involved. Positive patients were further divided into mild, moderate and severe groups based on the pulmonary artery obstruction index (PAOI). The clinical parameters and right heart function indicators were compared. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between PAOI, and clinical parameters and right heart function indicators, and Logistic regression analysis was used to predict the risk factors of APE. ResultsThere was significant difference in lower extremity venous thrombosis, D-dimer, oxygen partial pressure, PAOI and left process of interventricular septum among four groups (H ≥ 12.350, P < 0.01). PAOI was moderately positively correlated with D-dimer (r = 0.443, P < 0.001) and left process of interventricular septum (r = 0.520, P < 0.001), and was weakly positively correlated with lower extremity venous thrombosis (r = 0.399, P < 0.001), left pulmonary artery diameter (r = 0.213, P = 0.014) and inferior vena cava regurgitation (r = 0.229, P = 0.008). Lower extremity venous thrombosis (OR = 7.708, P < 0.001) and left process of interventricular septum (OR = 3.641, P = 0.008) were independent risk factors for the onset of APE. The combination of the two indicators was effective for diagnosis of APE, and AUC was 0.795 (95% CI 0.715 to 0.874). ConclusionCTPA may be applied to evaluate the severity of APE and right heart function in rehabilitation patients.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1194-1202, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970590

ABSTRACT

Ionic liquids(ILs) are salts composed entirely of anions and cations in a liquid state at or near room temperature, which have a variety of good physicochemical properties such as low volatility and high stability. This paper mainly reviewed the research overview of ILs in the application of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) volatile oil preparation technology. Firstly, it briefly introduced the application of TCM volatile oil preparation technology and composition classification and physicochemical properties of ILs, and then summarized the application of ILs in the extraction, separation, analysis, and preparation of TCM volatile oil. Finally, the problems and challenges of ILs in the application of TCM volatile oil were explained, and the application of ILs in TCM volatile oil in the future was prospected.


Subject(s)
Ionic Liquids/chemistry , Oils, Volatile/analysis , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Cations , Biological Products , Technology
14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 446-453, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014144

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of Morinda officinalis on serum metabolisms in ovariectomized osteoporosis rats based on metabonomics, and explore the mechanism of Morinda officinalis in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis.Methods Forty-eight SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group and Morinda officinalis group.The Morinda officinalis group was given Morinda officinalis water extract by gavage.The model group and sham operation group were given normal saline by gavage.The bone mineral density(BMD)of the right femur was measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry; the maximum load of the tibia bending at three points and the lumbar compression was measured by universal material testing machine.The endogenous metabolites of ovariectomized osteoporosis rats were identified by serum metabonomics, and the potential differential metabolites were screened and identified..Results The BMD and maximum load of the model group decreased significantly, while the Morinda officinalis group increased significantly compared with the model group.The serum metabolic spectrum of the sham operation group was completely separated from that of the model group, and the Morinda officinalis group was close to the sham operation group, suggesting that the body had a tendency to return to normal after intervention of Morinda officinalis.28 metabolites and 5 metabolic pathways were identified to be related to ovariectomized osteoporosis.Morinda officinalis could regulate the contents of stearic acid, uracil and other metabolites, which were related to the biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, the metabolism of pyrimidine and so on.Conclusion Morinda officinalis can prevent ovariectomized osteoporosis by regulating the lipid metabolism and nucleic acid metabolism.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 75-80, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931497

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the correlation between endemic arsenic poisoning and abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG).Methods:PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang data, VIP and other databases were used for literature retrieval, and epidemiological literatures related to abnormal ECG of endemic arsenic poisoning published in domestic and abroad were included in the study. The time limit was from the establishment of the database to December 1, 2020. RevMan 5.3 was used for Meta-analysis of binary variables. Random effect model was selected according to the results of heterogeneity, and odds ratio ( OR) was used as the effect index. Characteristic changes were found by subgroup analysis. Bias was published by funnel plot. Results:Nine articles were included in this Meta-analysis, with 6 articles in Chinese and 3 articles in English, respectively. The abnormal ECG changes included QTc prolongation, ST-T segment change, left axis deviation and arrhythmia. Finally, 1 975 cases were included in the exposure group, including 575 cases of abnormal ECG; 750 cases of control group, including 145 cases of abnormal ECG. Meta-analysis showed that the combined OR value [95% confidence interval ( CI)] of abnormal ECG changes was 4.41 (2.83 - 6.87), with statistical significance between the two groups ( Z = 6.56, P < 0.05); the results of subgroup analysis showed that the combined OR values (95% CI) of QTc prolongation, ST-T segment change, left axis deviation and arrhythmia were 12.30 (5.91 - 25.59), 2.74 (1.39 - 5.41), 2.93 (0.89 - 9.62) and 4.13 (2.38 - 7.17), respectively. Conclusions:Endemic arsenic poisoning may cause abnormal ECG. Prolongation of QTc caused by arsenic exposure may be the characteristic change of abnormal ECG.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 451-466, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929306

ABSTRACT

The combination of chemotherapy and immunotherapy motivates a potent immune system by triggering immunogenic cell death (ICD), showing great potential in inhibiting tumor growth and improving the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (ITM). However, the therapeutic effectiveness has been restricted by inferior drug bioavailability. Herein, we reported a universal bioresponsive doxorubicin (DOX)-based nanogel to achieve tumor-specific co-delivery of drugs. DOX-based mannose nanogels (DM NGs) was designed and choosed as an example to elucidate the mechanism of combined chemo-immunotherapy. As expected, the DM NGs exhibited prominent micellar stability, selective drug release and prolonged survival time, benefited from the enhanced tumor permeability and prolonged blood circulation. We discovered that the DOX delivered by DM NGs could induce powerful anti-tumor immune response facilitated by promoting ICD. Meanwhile, the released mannose from DM NGs was proved as a powerful and synergetic treatment for breast cancer in vitro and in vivo, via damaging the glucose metabolism in glycolysis and the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Overall, the regulation of tumor microenvironment with DOX-based nanogel is expected to be an effectual candidate strategy to overcome the current limitations of ICD-based immunotherapy, offering a paradigm for the exploitation of immunomodulatory nanomedicines.

17.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 433-441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936231

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between NLRP3-mediated pyroptosis and olfactory dysfunction (OD) in allergic rhinitis (AR), and to evaluate the therapeutic potential of CY-09, a selective NLRP3 inhibitor for OD. Methods: An AR mouse model was established with ovalbumin, and the olfactory function of AR mice was detected by the buried food pellet test. Mice with OD were intraperitoneally injected with CY-09 or saline. The activation of microglia and astrocytes in olfactory bulb was detected by immunohistochemistry. The expression level of pyroptosis associated protein was detected by Western blot. The level of pyroptosis associated proinflammatory factor mRNA was determined by real-time PCR. SPSS 24.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: After the test, ovalbumin successfully established AR mice model, in which 52.5% (21/40) of them showed OD. The number of activated microglia and astroglia in olfactory bulb tissue in OD group were more than those in non-OD group (all P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1 and gasdermin D (GSDMD) was significantly increased in the olfactory bulb of the OD group (all P<0.05). CY-09 could significantly reduce the level of NLRP3, caspase-1, GSDMD, IL-1β and IL-18 expression, and inhibite the activation of microglia and astrocytes in the olfactory bulb tissues (all P<0.05). Conclusion: NLRP3-mediated pyroptosis is closely related to the OD associated with AR. CY-09 could improve the olfactory function in AR mice, which may be related to blocking the NLRP3-mediated pyroptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Caspases/therapeutic use , Disease Models, Animal , Inflammasomes/therapeutic use , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Ovalbumin , Pyroptosis , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Smell
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2021-2027, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928141

ABSTRACT

Black-bone silky fowl, sweet, pungent, and hot-natured, is one of the valuable domesticated birds with special economic value in China's genebank of poultry breed, which has a long history of medicinal and edible uses. It has the effects of tonifying liver and kidney, replenishing Qi and blood, nourishing yin, clearing heat, regulating menstruation, invigorating spleen, and securing essence. Therefore, it has remarkable efficacy of enhancing physical strength, tonifying blood, and treating diabetes and gynecological diseases. Various local black-bone silky fowl breeds have been generated due to the differences in environmental conditions, breed selection, and rearing conditions in different areas of China, which are mainly concentrated in Taihe, Wan'an, and Ji'an in Jiangxi province and Putian, Jinjiang, and Yongchun in Fujian province. The indigenous chicken breeds in China have different body sizes, appearance, coat colors, etc. The complex lineages lead to extremely unstable genetic traits. The diverse breeds similar in appearance result in the confusion in the market of silky fowl breeds. With the rapid development of molecular biological technology, the genetics of black-bone silky fowls has been intensively studied. This article reviews the research progress of the germplasm resources, genetic diversity, and breed identification of black-bone silky fowl in China at the morphology, chromosome, protein, and DNA levels. Further, it introduces the principles, application status, and limitations of DNA markers such as mitochondrial DNA, microsatellite markers, and SNPs. This review provides a theoretical basis for the mining of elite trait genes and the protection and utilization of local black-bone silky fowl germplasm resources in China.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Chickens/genetics , DNA, Mitochondrial , Genetic Variation , Microsatellite Repeats , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Silk/genetics
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 603-610, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927942

ABSTRACT

Essential oils from Chinese medicine are popular in the fields such as medicine, food, and cosmetics because of their unique biological characteristics. However, since essential oils are lipophilic compounds with high volatility, poor stability, and strong irritation, various preparation technologies need to be employed to improve stability, reduce irritation, and increase bioavailability. At present, a variety of preparation technologies have been applied to the encapsulation of essential oils. Various encapsulation strategies are formed because of different delivery systems featured with multiple principles and characteristics and are widely used to improve the stability of essential oils. Essential oils of Chinese medicine are widely used in the medical field, and they are under continuous innovation and development in clinical research, the pharmaceutical industry, medical products, etc. The present study summarized various delivery systems that could improve the stability of essential oils and reviewed the applications of essential oils encapsulated in the delivery systems in the medical field to provide re-ferences for the improvement of stability of essential oils and their safety, efficiency, and wide use in the medical field.


Subject(s)
China , Oils, Volatile
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 271-278, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927934

ABSTRACT

Due to the characteristics of confusing varieties of Chinese medicinal materials, different sources, complex chemical composition, non-standard preparation process, and non-standard pharmaceutical equipment, the quality of Chinese medicinal preparations is difficult to be controlled and evaluated effectively under the current quality control mode and method of Chinese medicinal preparation. The present study proposed an engineering quality view of Chinese medicine pharmacy and a strategy to control the quality of Chinese medicinal preparations based on the current situation. The "overall, dialectical, and dynamic" multi-factor engineering quality view, covering original medicinal materials, preparation technologies, pharmaceutical equipment, and Chinese medicinal preparations, ensures the traceable process, measurable procedures, and feedback quality. The quality control mode of Chinese medicinal preparation with controllable sources, standardized preparation technologies, green pharmaceutical equipment, and intelligent manufacturing is built up.


Subject(s)
Commerce , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pharmacy , Quality Control
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