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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of glucose metabolism disorders on the short-term prognosis in neonates with asphyxia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of the neonates with asphyxia who were admitted to 52 hospitals in Hubei Province of China from January to December, 2018 and had blood glucose data within 12 hours after birth. Their blood glucose data at 1, 2, 6, and 12 hours after birth (with an allowable time error of 0.5 hour) were recorded. According to the presence or absence of brain injury and/or death during hospitalization, the neonates were divided into a poor prognosis group with 693 neonates and a good prognosis group with 779 neonates. The two groups were compared in the incidence of glucose metabolism disorders within 12 hours after birth and short-term prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the good prognosis group, the poor prognosis group had a significantly higher proportion of neonates from secondary hospitals (48.5% vs 42.6%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Recurrent hyperglycemia in neonates with asphyxia may suggest poor short-term prognosis, and it is necessary to strengthen the early monitoring and management of the nervous system in such neonates.


Subject(s)
Asphyxia , Asphyxia Neonatorum/epidemiology , Humans , Hyperglycemia , Infant, Newborn , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881029

ABSTRACT

Three new mycophenolic acid derivatives, penicacids E-G (1-3), together with three known analogues, mycophenolic acid (4), 4'-hydroxy-mycophenolic acid (5) and mycophenolic methyl ester (6), were isolated from a marine-derived fungus Penicillium parvum HDN17-478 from a South China Sea marine sediment sample. The structures of compounds 1-3 were elucidated by HRMS, NMR, and Mosher's method. Among them, compounds 1 and 2 were the first examples of mycophenolic acid analogs with a double bond at C-3'/C-4' position. The cytotoxicity of 1-6 was evaluated against the HCT-116, BEL-7402, MGC-803, SH-SY5Y, HO-8910 and HL-60 cell lines, and compounds 4 and 6 showed potent cytotoxicity with IC

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693328

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the secondary metabolites from diethyl sulfate(DES)mutant 3d10-01 derived from Peni-cillium chrysogenum S-3-25. Methods The secondary metabolites were isolated by multiple separation techniques,such as silica gel,Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and HPLC. The structures of the compounds were determined by ESI-MS and NMR spectroscopic data. The antitumor activity was assayed by the MTT method. HPLC-UV analysis was used to determine if compounds 1-7 were newly produced by the mutant. Results Seven secondary metabolites,including methyl 2,4-dihydroxy-3,5,6-trimethylbenzo-ate(1),6-hydroxymethyl-2,2-dimethylchromanone(2),regiolone(3),(3S,4S)-3,4-dihydro-3,4,8-trihydroxy(2H)naphthalenone (4),cerebroside C(5),cerebroside D(6)and dankasterone A(7),were isolated from the fermentation products of the mutant 3d10-01. Compounds 1,4 and 7 showed strong inhibitory effects on the five tested cell lines,but 2,3 and 6 only exhibited the proliferation of HL-60 cells to some extent. Compounds 1-4 and 7 were newly produced by the mutant 3d10-01. Conclusion Compounds 1-7 are firstly isolated from P. chrysogenum. The inhibitory effects on certain tested antitumor cell lines of compounds 1-4,6 and 7 are report-ed for the first time.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261203

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs9390754 and rs4840200, in the glutamate receptor 2 (GRIK2) gene and the genetic susceptibility to epilepsy (EP) in the Han population in Central China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case-control study was performed in 284 EP children (including 132 children with refractory epilepsy) and 315 normal children from Central China. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was used to determine the genotypes of the two SNPs rs9390754 and rs4840200. The genotype frequency was compared between groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The frequencies of GG, GA, and AA genotypes of SNP rs9390754 showed a significant difference between the EP and normal control groups (P=0.016). The allele frequency also showed a significant difference between the two groups (P=0.002). The frequencies of CC, CT, and TT genotypes of SNP rs4840200 and allele frequency showed no significant differences between the two groups. The C allele frequency of SNP rs4840200 in the refractory EP subgroup was significantly higher than in the non-refractory EP subgroup (OR=1.435, 95% CI: 1.021-2.016, P=0.037).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In the Han population in Central China, the polymorphisms of SNP rs9390754 in the GRIK2 gene may be associated with EP susceptibility, and the C allele of SNP rs4840200 may be a genetic risk factor for the development of drug resistance in children with EP.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Epilepsy , Genetics , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Male , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptors, Kainic Acid , Genetics , Risk Factors
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279938

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) rs22833188 and rs2833195 in TIAM1 gene with the susceptibility to Kawasaki disease (KD) and its clinical characteristic in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case-control study was performed in this study. One hundred and eighty-eight children with KD and 197 normal children served as controls were enrolled. The genotypes of two SNPs rs22833188 and rs2833195 in TIAM1 gene were detected using PCR-RFLP.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in the genotype (AA, AG and GG) and allele frequencies of SNP rs2833188 between the KD and control groups. Significant differences in the genotype (CC, GC and GG) frequency of SNP rs2833195 were noted between the KD and control groups (P=0.017). The frequency of C allele in the KD group was higher than in the control group (P=0.015). The polymorphism of SNP rs2833188 was associated with the occurrence of rash (P=0.011), and the polymorphism of SNP rs2833195 was associated with the occurrence of conjunctival hyperemia (P=0.021).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The polymorphism of rs2833195 in TIAM1 gene is associated with the susceptibility to KD. The polymorphisms rs2833188 and rs2833195 in TIAM1 gene may be associated with some clinical characteristics in children with KD.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors , Genetics , Humans , Infant , Male , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , T-Lymphoma Invasion and Metastasis-inducing Protein 1
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685994

ABSTRACT

Objective The cytotoxic microbial strains isolated from the deep ocean water and sediments were screened,and the secondary metabolites of bioactive fungus c2b were investi- gated.Methods Active bioactive microbial strains were screened using brine shrimp and chro- nic medulla leucocythemia leukocythemia(K562)cell line.The cytotoxic components of fun- gus c2b were isolated by bioassay-guided fractionation and solvent extraction,silica gel col- umn chromatography and preparative HPLC.Their structures were established by pbysico- chemical properties and spectral analyses.The cytotoxicities of compounds were evaluated by SRB method.Results and Conclusion Twenty-nine strains of fungi were isolated.Among them,seven strains showed cytotoxic activities.Six compounds(1~6)were isolated and i- dentified as N-acetyl histamine(1),chrysogine(2),ergosterol peroxide(3),5,8-epidioxy- 24-methylcholesta-6,22-dien-3?-ol(4)cerevisterol(5)and(4E,8E)-N-[(2'R,3'E)-2'-hy- droxy-3'-hexadecenoyl]-1-O-?-D-glycopyranosyl-9-methyl-4,8-sphingadiene(6),respective- ly.Compound 3 and 4 showed median cytotoxicity.

7.
Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-684805

ABSTRACT

In this study, 101 strains of bacteria were isolated from arct ic water and sediment samples. The methanol extracts of the fermented broth prod uced by these strains were screened in vitro for anti-tumor activity on mou se tsFT210 cells using the method of flow cytometry, and screened for antibacter ial activity by the method of paper disk diffusion. The result showed that one strain exhibited anti-tumor activity and eight strains had antibacterial activ ity. The stability of the antibacterial components produced by strain AR084 an d its optimum medium were also studied. The research indicated that arctic bac teria had potential application in pharmaceutics.

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