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1.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 868-876, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985489

ABSTRACT

Objective: This article investigated the clinical characteristics and distribution of drug resistance mutation sites in HBV RT region of hepatitis B infected patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis was made on 1 948 patients with HBV infection, who had been tested for NAs resistance mutation and had a medical history of NAs in the Laboratory Department of the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from January 2020 to December 2021. Basic clinical information and drug resistance related mutation information were recorded. Meanwhile, the serological index data of hepatitis B were collected. Drug resistance gene mutant group and non-mutated group were grouped according to whether the drug resistance genes had a mutation in HBV RT region, and the clinical characteristics and genotype distribution of the two groups were statistically analyzed. The pattern of drug resistance gene mutation, number of mutation sites, drug resistance type and mutation of NAs resistance-related sites were analyzed in 917 patients with drug resistance gene mutation in HBV RT region. χ2 Inspection was used for counting data. Meanwhile, two independent samples t-test and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used for measurement data. Results: Among the 1 948 patients with chronic HBV infection, 917 patients had drug resistance gene mutation in RT region (47.07%). The proportion of patients with acute hepatitis B and CHB in HBV RT resistance gene mutant group was lower than that in the non-mutated group, while the proportion of patients with HBV-related cirrhosis was higher than that in the non-mutated group, these differences were statistically significant. Compared with the non-mutated group in HBV RT region, the age, the positive rates of HBeAg and HBV DNA, and HBV DNA load of these patients were increased in drug resistance gene mutant group, these differences were statistically significant. Genotypes of patients in both groups were dominated by C, followed by B and D. The proportion of patients with genotype C in HBV RT drug resistance gene mutant group was higher than that of non-mutated group, the difference was statistically significant. There were 53 gene mutation patterns in 917 patients with drug resistance gene mutation in HBV RT region, and the main pattern was rtL180M+rtM204V+rtS202G (9.70%). The mutation sites were dominated by 3 (20.74%). There were 5 types of drug resistance, LAM+Ldt (21.25%) was the most. Among the 18 sites that were clearly associated with LAM, ADV, ETV and Ldt resistance in the HBV RT region, 14 sites were mutated, and the most common mutation sites were rtL180M, rtM204V, rtM204 and rtS202G. what's more, the proportion of patients with NAs drug resistance was LAM>Ldt>ETV>ADV. Conclusion: In order to prevent adverse consequences of this study such as disease recurrence or disease progression caused by HBV drug resistance, HBV infected patients, who have long-term use of NAs antiviral therapy, should monitor the level of HBV DNA and drug resistance genes in HBV RT region in order to optimize the treatment plan in time or guide individualized treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Mutation , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , Lamivudine/therapeutic use
2.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 646-651, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818744

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of the three-dimensional visualization technology for the preoperative assessment of liver autotransplantation for end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. Methods A total of 8 patients with end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis undergoing liver autotransplantation in Qinghai Provincial People’s Hospital from May 2013 to July 2017 were collected. All cases received preoperative abdominal CT scanning and dynamic three-phase enhanced CT scanning, and the original CT data were transferred to the human 3D visualization virtual surgical planning system. The volumes of Echinococcus multilocularis and pre-resected liver were measured using the 3D visualization reconstruction, and the relationship between the lesion and the neighboring tissues was observed. The value of the 3D visualization technology for the preoperative assessment of liver autotransplantation for end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis was assessed by comparing with the intraoperative findings. Results The 3D visualization reconstruction model clearly displayed the adjacent relationship between the lesions of end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis and the neighboring tissues, and no significant difference was seen between the pre-resected liver volume in 3D visualization reconstruction model and the actually resected liver volume (t = 1.083, P > 0.05). Conclusions 3D visualization technology is feasible to develop a reasonable scheme for liver resection and vascular anastomosis for end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis prior to liver autotransplantation, which may increase the success of surgery and improve the prognosis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 646-651, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818866

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of the three-dimensional visualization technology for the preoperative assessment of liver autotransplantation for end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. Methods A total of 8 patients with end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis undergoing liver autotransplantation in Qinghai Provincial People’s Hospital from May 2013 to July 2017 were collected. All cases received preoperative abdominal CT scanning and dynamic three-phase enhanced CT scanning, and the original CT data were transferred to the human 3D visualization virtual surgical planning system. The volumes of Echinococcus multilocularis and pre-resected liver were measured using the 3D visualization reconstruction, and the relationship between the lesion and the neighboring tissues was observed. The value of the 3D visualization technology for the preoperative assessment of liver autotransplantation for end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis was assessed by comparing with the intraoperative findings. Results The 3D visualization reconstruction model clearly displayed the adjacent relationship between the lesions of end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis and the neighboring tissues, and no significant difference was seen between the pre-resected liver volume in 3D visualization reconstruction model and the actually resected liver volume (t = 1.083, P > 0.05). Conclusions 3D visualization technology is feasible to develop a reasonable scheme for liver resection and vascular anastomosis for end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis prior to liver autotransplantation, which may increase the success of surgery and improve the prognosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 294-298, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346161

ABSTRACT

Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD) is the most common X-linked recessive inherited neuromuscular disease, characterized by progressive muscle weakness. Mutations in the dystrophin gene are responsible for this disease. Treatment for this disease has always been a topic of interest. With the development of diagnosis and treatment technology of molecular biology, promising therapies have been developed. This review article summarizes the advance in traditional therapy, cell transplantation and gene therapy for this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetic Therapy , Glucocorticoids , Therapeutic Uses , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Therapeutics , Stem Cell Transplantation
5.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 2339-2343, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854826

ABSTRACT

Objective: To optimize the high pressure processing of Comus officinalis with wine. Methods: The yield of loganin, morroniside, ursolic acid, and oleanolic acid in C. officinalis was served as indexes. The orthogonal design was used to investigate the effects of wine volume, moistening time, processing time, and processing temperature on the processing technology, so as to obtain the optimal high pressure processing of C. officinalis with wine. Results: The best processing conditions were as follows: wine volume was 25% of medicinal herbs, moistening time was 30 min, processing time was 60 min, and processing temperature was 115℃. Conclusion: Combining the product quality and appearance, the processing technology can save time and ensure the quality, which could lay a good foundation for the processing technology by enterprise scale production preparation of C. officinalis.

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