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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2905-2909, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877912

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Benvitimod cream, a novel synthetic small molecule, was effective in treating mild-to-moderate plaque psoriasis. We conducted a phase III clinical trial to assess the efficacy and safety of benvitimod cream in patients with mild-to-moderate plaque psoriasis.@*METHODS@#We randomly assigned 686 patients (2:1:1) to receive 1% benvitimod cream, 0.005% calcipotriol ointment or placebo twice a day for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy end points were the percentage of patients with a 75% or greater reduction from baseline in the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI 75) score and with a score of 0 or 1 in static physician's global assessment (sPGA) at week 12.@*RESULTS@#The results showed that 50.4% of patients in the benvitimod group achieved PASI 75, which was significantly higher than that in the calcipotriol (38.5%, P < 0.05) and placebo (13.9%, P < 0.05) groups. The proportion of patients achieving an sPGA score 0 or 1 was 66.3% in the benvitimod group and 63.9% in the calcipotriol group, which were both significantly higher than that in the placebo group (34%, P < 0.05). In the long-term follow-up study, 50.8% of patients experienced recurrence. After retreatment with 1% benvitimod, 73.3% of patients achieved an sPGA score of 0 or 1 again at week 52. Adverse events included application site irritation, follicular papules, and contact dermatitis. No systemic adverse reactions were reported.@*CONCLUSION@#During this 12-week study, benvitimod cream was demonstrated with high effectiveness and safety in patients with mild-to-moderate plaque psoriasis.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR), ChiCTR-TRC-13003259; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showprojen.aspx?proj=6300.


Subject(s)
Double-Blind Method , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Ointments , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Resorcinols , Severity of Illness Index , Stilbenes , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1845-1851, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283707

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Tumor necrosis factor-α is a key mediator in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Infliximab is a monoclonal antibody that specifically binds to tumor necrosis factor-α. The purpose of this study was to validate the efficacy and safety of 5 mg/kg infliximab therapy in Chinese patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 129 patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis were randomized to the induction therapy (weeks 0, 2 and 6) with infliximab 5 mg/kg (n = 84) or placebo (n = 45), followed with infliximab 5 mg/kg scheduled at week 14 and week 22 in the infliximab group, and infliximab 5 mg/kg scheduled at weeks 10, 12 and 16 in the placebo group. The primary end point was the proportion of patients who achieved at least 75% improvement in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI 75 response rate) from baseline at week 10.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At week 10, 81.0% of patients treated with infliximab (5 mg/kg) achieved a 75% or greater improvement compared with 2.2% of patients treated with placebo (P < 0.001). A significant improvement in PASI, Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), was seen from week 6 through week 14 in the infliximab group compared with the placebo group. Through week 22, PASI, PGA, DLQI were well maintained. The incidence of adverse events for the infliximab treatment group was slightly higher in comparison to the placebo treatment group during the first 10 weeks without statistical significance. However, there were 3 cases of tuberculosis that developed during the 26 weeks treatment with infliximal.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Infliximab treatment was effective as induction and maintenance treatments for Chinese patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Most drug-induced adverse events were mild to moderate, and well tolerated. Screening for tuberculosis is essential and prophylactic treatment should be given if necessary.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Therapeutic Uses , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Asians , Double-Blind Method , Female , Humans , Infliximab , Male , Middle Aged , Psoriasis , Drug Therapy , Young Adult
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 429-433, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249969

ABSTRACT

Human antibodies generated by phage antibody technology have been widely used in the immunotherapy of various diseases. Among the characteristics of these therapeutic antibodies, affinity is one of the most important determinants of their biological efficacy. The binding of an antibody and its corresponding antigen could be disrupted by thiocyanate solution of different concentrations, depend upon the affinity of the antibody. This mechanism has been adopted to determine the relative affinity of monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies in routine immunological practice. Correlation between the elution method and other techniques that measure the affinity such as equilibrium dialysis and biospecific interaction analysis (BIA) has been established. Here we describe the applications of the thiocyanate elution method in the determination of the relative affinity index (RAI) of phage antibodies (Phabs). Five clone antibodies, including 3 clones of anti-keratin antibodies (AK1, AK2 and AK3) and 2 clones of anti-HBsAg antibodies (HB1 and HB2) were selected to express Phabs and Fabs, and the RAI were determined by ELISA after thiocyanate elution. A HRP-conjugated anti-M13 was used as secondary antibody for Phabs and HRP-goat-anti-human Fab was used for Fabs. The affinity ranks of the Phabs were compared with that of the Fab fragments. The results showed that all the Phabs tested were tolerant to thiocyanate treatment. The relative affinity rank of 5 Phabs coincided well with that of their corresponding Fabs. We conclude that the thiocyanate elution can be used as an easy and rapid method to measure and compare the relative affinity of Phabs.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Allergy and Immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Allergy and Immunology , Antibodies, Viral , Allergy and Immunology , Antibody Affinity , Cloning, Molecular , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Methods , Hepatitis B Antibodies , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Keratins , Allergy and Immunology , Peptide Library , Proteomics , Methods , Thiocyanates , Chemistry , Transfection
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