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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878985


Two phloroglucinol compounds(1-2) were isolated and purified from 95% ethanol extract of Dryopteris fragrans through various column chromatographies on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, medium pressure column chromatography, and preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated as 2',4',6'-trihydroxy-5'-methyl acetate-3'-methyl-1'-butyrophenone(1) and aspidinol B(2) based on their chemical and physicochemical methods and spectroscopic data. Compound 1 is a new phloroglucinol compound named "dryofraginol".

Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Dryopteris , Ethanol , Phloroglucinol , Plant Extracts
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 797-800, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844378


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at different time-points on postoperative gastrointestinal function in patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS: Eighty patients with colorectal cancer undergoing laparotomy were randomly assigned to intravenous anesthesia, EA A, EA B, and EA C groups (n=20 cases in each group). All the patients in the four groups received intravenous anesthesia with midazolam, sufentanil, cisatracurium besylate and Propofol, postoperative gastrointestinal decompression and drug analgesia. EA (2-3 mA, 2 Hz) was applied to Zhongwan (CV 12) and Tianshu (ST 25), Neiguan (PC 6), Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Xiajuxu (ST 39) on the right side for 30 min, once (one day before surgery) in the EA A group, twice (one day and 30 min before surgery) in the EA B group, and 3 times (one day, 30 min before and one day after surgery) in the EA C group. The acupoints used after surgery were PC 6, ST 36, ST 37 and ST 39. The time of postoperative ventilation, defecation, food-intake and water drinking, stomach tube removal and abdominal drainage tube removal, the volumes of stomach tube drainage and abdominal drainage, and postoperative adverse reactions were recorded. RESULTS: The first ventilation time, after surgery in the EA C group was significantly earlier than those in the intravenous anesthesia, EA A and EA B groups (P0.05).. CONCLUSION: EA treatment combined with intravenous anesthesia conducted before and after surgery is effective in promoting the recovery of gastrointestinal function in patients undergoing colorectal cancer laparotomy, and is obviously better than simple pre-operative EA.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348993


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship between the partial deletions in the azzospermia factor(AZFc) region of Y chromosome and male infertility.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Multiplex PCR technology was performed to screen the partial deletions in the AZFc region in 158 azoospermia, 160 severe oligozoospermia and 135 oligozoospermia patients and 236 men with normal spermatogenesis.For samples with gr/gr, b2/b3 recombinogenic deletions, author applied RFLP method to identify which DAZ gene doublet deletion was involved.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The gr/gr and b2/b3 were two types of common deletions detected. There were significant differences in the b2/b3 deletion in patients with oligozoospermia and severe oligozoospermia compared to the controls (both P< 0.05). However, there was no difference for the gr/gr deletion between the patients and controls.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results suggested that the b2/b3 deletion might be a risk factor to spermatogenic impairment and might lead to male infertility.</p>

Chromosomes, Human, Y , Genetics , Genetic Loci , Humans , Infertility, Male , Genetics , Male , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Seminal Plasma Proteins , Genetics , Sequence Deletion , Genetics