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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873333

ABSTRACT

Objective::To identify and analyze the chemical constituents in Bufei Jianpi formula by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. Method::An Agilent Poroshell SB-C18 column (4.6 mm×100 mm, 2.7 μm) was used with a mobile phase system of 0.1% formic acid solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-10 min, 3%B; 10-100 min, 3%-50%B; 100-120 min, 50%-100%B) under positive ion mode and water (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-5 min, 3%B; 5-60 min, 3%-100%B) under negative ion mode, the flow rate was 0.6 mL·min-1, and the column temperature was 30 ℃. Mass spectrometric data were obtained under electrospray inoization (ESI) in positive and negative ion modes, the collection range was m/z 50-1 000.Agilent MassHunter Qualitative Analysis software was used to extract and match chromatographic peaks. Result::Combined with reference, related literature and database analysis, 95 compounds were identified by mass spectrometry information, including 41 flavonoids, 23 alkaloids, 12 lignans, 9 organic acids, and 10 other compounds. Conclusion::The chemical composition of Bufei Jianpi formula is complex, and the cracking rules of different components are different. Flavonoids are prone to deglycosylation, dehydration, Diels-Alder reaction (RDA) cleavage of the ring during lysis, and loss of some neutral molecules such as CO, CO2, CHO. Lignans has a substituent such as a hydroxyl group, a carbonyl group or a methoxy group on the benzene ring, and it is easy to obtain a fragment ion which loses H2O or CO. The basic structure of organic acids is a phenolic hydroxyl group-substituted aromatic ring, acrylic acid, fatty acid or the like, this kind of compound is easy to lose H2O and COOH in negative ion mode, and it is easy to break at the carbonyl to form fragment ions. This established method is rapid, sensitive and accurate, which can quickly identify the chemical constituents in Bufei Jianpi formula and provide evidences for clarifying efficacy material base of this formula.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1456-1461, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827590

ABSTRACT

Periodontitis is one of the most prevalent epidemics affecting human health and life recently, and exploration of the pathogenesis and treatment of periodontitis has been valued by scholars. In recent years, sclerostin, a new factor on bone resorption and reconstruction caused by inflammation and mechanical stimulation, has been a research hotspot. This article summarizes the researches on sclerostin in periodontitis development in recent years. Among them, sclerostin has been shown to be a critical negative regulator of bone formation, thereby inhibiting bone remodeling in periodontitis development, and is closely associated with tooth movement. Besides, evidence indicates that the removal of sclerostin seems to reasonably protect the alveolar bone from resorption. Regulation of sclerostin expression is a novel, promising treatment for periodontitis and addresses several complications seen with traditional therapies; accordingly, many drugs with similar mechanisms have emerged. Moreover, the application prospect of sclerostin in periodontal therapy combined with orthodontic treatment is another promising approach. There are also a lot of drugs that regulate sclerostin. Anti-sclerostin antibody (Scl-Ab) is the most direct one that inhibits bone resorption caused by sclerostin. At present, drugs that inhibit the expression of sclerostin have been applied to the treatment of diseases such as multiple myeloma and osteoporosis. Therefore, the application of sclerostin in the oral field is just around the corner, which provides a new therapeutic bone regulation strategy in oral and general health.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 222-227, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780108

ABSTRACT

The chemical composition of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) compounds is complex, the treatment is broad, and the quality control indexes cannot accurately reflect the functional properties. According to the above problems, the authors take the research process of quality markers of Qizhiweitong granules as an example to innovate the research ideas and technical methods, and constructed five progressive steps of TCM compounds quality control and evaluation model: "based on function, to figure out the attending", "components and pharmacodynamics correlation, multiple components with multiple effects", "to analyze the components, and systematically integrate them", "spectrum and effect correlation, from a spectrum to see the efficiency", and "from the content-effect colour atla to see the quality". Based on the multiple effects of components, multiple components of multi-effect pharmacological efficacy evaluation system were established. All-time isobaric multiwavelength fusion fingerprint technology was improved and developed. "Spectrum-effect colour atla" software was research and developed for the first time, to realize the "visualization" of TCM efficacy. The aim of this work is to provide an exploratory solution for the integrated quality control of TCM compounds.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798517

ABSTRACT

Objective:To define the anti-gastric cancer activity in vitro of petroleum ether fraction of Boehmeria nivea root and reveal the material basis of its efficacy, so as to lay the foundation for the development and utilization of B. nivea root. Method:Methyl thiazolyl tetraolium(MTT) method was used to evaluate the inhibitory rate and time-dose relationship of petroleum ether fraction of B. nivea root with different doses and delivery times on human gastric cancer HGC-27 cells. Flow cytometry was used to detect the change of cell apoptosis and cell cycle after petroleum ether fraction of B. nivea root acted on human gastric cancer HGC-27 cells. GC-MS was used to detect the components of petroleum ether fraction of B. nivea root. Result:Experiment data showed significant cell proliferation inhibition in an obvious time-dose-effect manner, with statistically significant differences (PB. nivea root. The effect of petroleum ether fraction of B. nivea root on human gastric cancer HGC-27 cells could induce apoptosis,which affects the normal changes of cell cycle. The percentage of cells was decreased significantly in G0/G1 phase,and that in S phase was significantly increased. GC-MS was used to identify 26 chemical constituents in petroleum ether of B. nivea root,including sitosterol and stigmasterol. Conclusion:Petroleum ether fraction of B. nivea root is the active anti-gastric cancer part,and its main effective component is sterol compounds. This lays the foundation for the rational application of B. nivea root in clinic and the further research in tis anti-tumor effect.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798501

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study on the chemical constituents of total tannins from Spatholobi Caulis,and to analyze the pharmacodynamics and mechanism of total tannins from Spatholobi Caulis on cervical cancer HeLa cells. Method:UPLC-Q-TOF/MS was used to qualitatively analyze the composition of total tannins from Spatholobi Caulis.The appropriate concentration and time of administration were screened by 3 dimensional(3D) microfluidic chip.Flow cytometry was used to determine the effect of total tannins from Spatholobi Caulis on the cell cycle and apoptosis of cervical cancer HeLa cells and analyzed by FlowJo v10.0.7 and ModFit LT 3.2 software.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to determine the changes of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)-A and Caspase-3 factors in cervical cancer HeLa cells supernatant treated with total tannins from Spatholobi Caulis. Result:Total of 15 components in total tannins from Spatholobi Caulis were identified or inferred.The low,medium and high dosages of total tannins from Spatholobi Caulis were 0.5,1.0, 2.0 g·L-1 and the best time of administration was 36 h.The proportions of early and late apoptosis of cervical cancer HeLa cells increased significantly in the apoptosis analysis after being treated by total tannins from Spatholobi Caulis.The DNA synthesis early phase(G0/G1 phase) of cervical cancer HeLa cells significantly increased,and the DNA synthesis phase(S phase) and the DNA synthesis late phase(G2/M phase) reduced.After being treated with total tannins from Spatholobi Caulis,the expression of VEGF-A in cervical cancer HeLa cells supernatant was significantly decreased and the expression of Caspase-3 was significantly increased. Conclusion:Spatholobi Caulis is rich in tannins,which can significantly inhibit the proliferation of cervical cancer HeLa cells and promote its apoptosis.This paper can provide the basis for further research of total tannins from Spatholobi Caulis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701553

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate drug resistance genes and epidemic characteristics of β-lactamase carried by carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) in the respiratory intensive care unit(RICU) in a hospital.Methods Clinically isolated CRAB from RICU patients in October-December 2015 were collected.Five drug resistance genes (KPC-2,IMP,VIM,NDM-1,OXA-23) were specifically amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR),amplified products were performed agarose gel electrophoresis and sequencing analysis,the homology was analyzed with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE).Results A total of 22 CRAB strains were isolated in October-December 2015,19 (86.36%) of which were isolated from sputum.The resistance rate of 22 CRAB strains to compound sulfamethoxazole was 59.09 %,resistance rate to minocycline was 9.09 %,all were sensitive to polymyxin B,resistance rates to other antimicrobial agents were more than 80%.Three kinds of resistance genes KPC-2,IMP and NDM-1 were not found by PCR amplification,positive rates of VIM and OXA-23 were both 100%.PFGE homology analysis revealed that 22 strains were divided into 13 different types,each type contained 1-5 strains,9 types(69.23%) contained only 1 strain respectively,the other 4 types (30.77%) contained 2-5 strains.A5,A7,and A8;A9,A11,A14,A19 and A22;A4,A10 and A12;A16 and A18 were of the same type respectively.Conclusion The main types of β-lactamase-resistant genes of CRAB in RICU are VIM and OXA-23.Homology analysis shows a small parts are of the same clone strains,which reveals epidemic of a small scale.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701552

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate clinical distribution,capsular serotyping,molecular typing,virulence gene carriage,and antimicrobial susceptibility of hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKP) strains isolated from a hospital in Hainan Province in 2016.Methods Klebsiella pneumoniae(K.pneumoniae) isolated from the hospital between January and December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively,hvKP strains were selected through string test,antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed and compared with classic K.pneumoniae(cKP);capsular serotyping,virulence genes,and drug resistance genes of hvKP strains were detected with polymerase chain reaction,molecular typing was performed with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multiloeus sequence typing.Results A total of 84 hvKP strains were isolated,the main specimen source was sputum(45 strains);K1 and K2 were the major capsular serotypes of hvKP,while ST23,ST65,and ST86 were the main sequence types of hvKP.The carriage rates of rmpA,aerobatin,allS,kfuBC,and cf29a in hvKP were 90.48%,96.43%,42.86%,66.67%,and 53.57% respectively,all of them were statistically higher than those of cKP strains,PFGE found that allS was positive only among K1 strains;most antimicrobial resistance rates of hvKP were lower than those of the cKP.Conclusion Sputum is the main specimen source of hvKP,especially K1 serotype;more than 90% of hvKP strains carry rmpA and aerobatin genes,allS gene only exists in K1 type hvKP.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350122

ABSTRACT

In order to further clarify the rational use of different medicinal parts of Schizonepeta, microfluidic technology was used in this study to investigate the differences in drug efficacy against lung cancer in vitro. The ethanol extracts were examined with HPLC to establish their fingerprints in order to analyze the relationship between the spectrum and efficacy index through Grey Correlation software, and a rapid HPLC-Q-TOF/MS method was established. The result in vitro shows that the effect and components of different medicinal parts had a certain differences, and apoptosis and necrosis rate from big to small in turn is leaf, flower, root, stem. The chromatographic peaks of the 26, 12, 2, 6 and 15th are the luteolin, icynaroside, rosmarinic, caffeic acid, and hesperidin, while the 20 and 10th may be dan phenolic acid L and benzoic acid. On the one hand, preliminary study reflects that the root of Schizonepeta tenuifolia may be developed into the medicinal parts in future. On the other hand, the major chemical composition of S. tenuifolia was found to have the anti-lung-tumor effects. This new method was established for the quality control and the rational use of different parts of traditional Chinese medicine.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 126-131, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779830

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to elucidate the chemical composition and anti-cancer effects of Schizonepeta tenuifolia's ethanol extracts. Microfluidic technology was used in the study of Schizonepeta tenuifolia from 9 different geographic regions. The ethanol extracts were examined with HPLC to establish their Fingerprints in order to analyze the relationship between the spectrum and efficacy index through Grey Correlation software, and a rapid HPLC-Q-TOF/MS method was established. The result shows that chromatographic peaks of the 19, 6, 11, 16, 18th are the representative diosmetin, luteoloside, hesperidin, luteolin, and apigenin. The 10, 12, 20th peaks may be naringenin-7-O-glucuronide or quercitrin, rosmarinate or acetylcorynoline, and 5,7-dihydroxy-6,4-dimethoxy flavone. The major chemical composition of Schizonepeta tenuifolia was found to have the anti-lung-tumor effects. A new method was established for the quality control of traditional Chinese medicine.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246861

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>CD200 and its receptor CD200R are both type-1 membrane glycoproteins, which are members of the immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF). Besides the inhibitory effect on macrophages, CD200/CD200R also play an important role in regulating the regulatory T cells, allergicreaction, autoimmune diseases, allograft, neurological diseases and other autoimmune-related diseases, etc.</p><p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of CD200 and its receptor in the graft versus host disease (GVHD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Experimental samples were divided into aGVHD group, non-aGVHD group, cGVHD group and non-cGVHD group, the healthy persons were used as normal controls. Firstly, the expression levels of CD200 and CD200R on CD19+ cell, CD3+ cell and dendritic cell (CD19- CD14- CD1c+) surfaces in each group were detected by using flow cytometry, so as to determine whether there were expression differences among each groups. Then, the mRNA levels of each groups were tested by using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction for finding the differences of mRNA expression level among each group. Finally, the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of the patients and healthy controls were co-cultured with anti-CD200R1 antibody for 48 hours, and the interleukin-10 level in the co-culture system was tested by using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for verifying the function of CD200/CD200R.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The CD200 expression level on CD19+ cell surface in the aGVHD group and non-aGVHD group was both lower than that in healthy control group; that in the non-aGVHD group was higher than that in the aGVHD group. The CD200 expression level on CD19+ CD200+ cells in the non-cGVHD group were higher than that in the cGVHD group and healthy control group. There were no significant differences of CD200 and CD200R expression levels on CD3 cells and dendritic cells among all groups. The CD200 mRNA expression levels in the aGVHD group and cGVHD group were both lower than the healthy control group. The CD200 mRNA expression level was lower in the aGVHD group than in the non-aGVHD group, and was lower in the cGVHD group than in the non-cGVHD group. There was no significant difference of the CD200R mRNA expression level among all groups. After the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of the patients and healthy controls were co-cultured with anti-CD200R1 antibody for 48 hours, the interleukin-10 concentration decreased with the increasing of anti-CD200R1 antibody concentrations in the co-culture system.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The CD200/CD200R may play a role in the pathogenesis of GVHD after allo-HSCT.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Coculture Techniques , Dendritic Cells , Metabolism , Flow Cytometry , Graft vs Host Disease , Metabolism , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Interleukin-10 , Metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Membrane Glycoproteins , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Receptors, Cell Surface , Metabolism , Transplantation, Homologous
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 513-520, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255918

ABSTRACT

This study aims to detect the expression of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in lung carcinoma A549 cells, and to investigate the effects of mGluR8 and mGluR4 activation on the growth of A549 cells in vitro. The mRNA expression levels of the 8 subtypes of mGluRs in A549 cells were determined by real-time PCR. Immunohistochemistry was used to analyze the protein expression of mGluR4 and mGluR8 in A549 cells and lung tissue sections obtained from lung adenocarcinoma patients. To observe the effects of mGluR8 and mGluR4 activation on the growth of A549 cells, the cultured cells were treated with (S)-3,4-DCPG (an agonist of mGluR8) and VU0155041 (an agonist of mGluR4), respectively, and then the cell viability was analyzed by CCK-8 kit, the percentage of DNA synthesis was detected by EdU incorporation, and the apoptosis of the cells was measured by hoechst 33258 staining and flow cytometry. The results showed that there were low expressions of mGluR1, mGluR5, mGluR6, mGluR7 mRNA, no expression of mGluR2 and mGluR3 mRNA, and high expressions of mGluR8 and mGluR4 mRNA in A549 cells. Accordingly, there were also mGluR4 and mGluR8 protein expressions in the A549 cells and the lung adenocarcinoma tissue sections. VU0155041 had no effect on the growth of A549 cells, but (S)-3,4-DCPG significantly decreased the cells' growth in a dose-dependent manner and increased the apoptosis of the cells. The results revealed a role of mGluR8 in the growth and apoptosis of A549 cells and suggested a potential target for clinical treatment of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Anilides , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Benzoates , Pharmacology , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids , Pharmacology , Glycine , Pharmacology , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Pathology , Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate , Physiology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302361

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the effects of lymphoma cells on the differentiation of monocytes from peripheral blood to tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) and the effect of TAM on proliferation of lymphoma cells in vitro, and investigate the difference between newly diagnosed lymphoma patients and healthy volunteers. Blood samples were obtained from 15 newly diagnosed lymphoma patients and 8 healthy volunteers. Monocytes from peripheral blood were isolated by Ficoll- Hypaque density gradient centrifugation and CD14 immuno-magnetic beads. Then monocytes were directly co-cultured with HUT-78 lymphoma cells by using Transwell apparatus in vitro. Expression of the markers of TAM (CD68 and CD163) were detected by flow cytometry to analyse the proportion of differentiated TAM. Growth curve of HUT-78 cells was made by direct cell count. The IL-10 and VEGF levels in the co-culture system were detected by ELISA. The detection results of newly diagnosed lymphoma patients were compared with that of healthy controls. The results showed that the proportion of CD68(+), CD163(+) and CD68+CD163 (+) cells were significantly up-regulated after co-cultured with HUT-78 lymphoma cells in both patients and healthy controls (P < 0.05). There was no statistical significance in the increasing degree between patients and healthy controls. TAM differentiated from peripheral blood monocytes showed no significant promotion or inhibition on the growth of co-cultured lymphoma cells. For patients, the IL-10 and VEGF levels in the co-culture group were significantly lower than those in two single culture groups (P < 0.05) . For healthy controls, there was no significant difference between these two. It is concluded that lymphoma cells can promote the differentiation of monocytes to macrophages with M2-like phenotype. There is no difference in the promoting degree between patients and healthy controls. TAM differentiated from patients' monocytes significantly down-regulate levels of IL-10 and VEGF in the co-culture system, exhibited functions more like M1 macrophages. In contrast, TAM differentiated from monocytes of healthy controls show no such effects on the co-culture system.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Coculture Techniques , Humans , Interleukin-10 , Metabolism , Lymphoma , Pathology , Macrophages , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Monocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
13.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E351-E354, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803931

ABSTRACT

Objective To report the method used to treat knee joint contracture by static progressive stretch and evaluate its curative effect. Methods Sixteen patients with knee joint contracture after the orthopedic surgery were selected,including 2 femoral shaft fractures, 5 distal femur fracturs, 4 patellar fractures, 5 tibial plateau fractures. The average course of postoperative treatment was 13.7 weeks. Static progressive stretch (SPS) was applied by isokinetic dynamometer, with 5 sets of stretch in one direction for one treatment, each set lasts 5 minutes with 1 minute interval for rest, and the degree of joint position was increased progressively for the next set. Patients received SPS 2 times per day, 30 minutes per time, 5 days per week, and the course of treatment lasted 2 months. The knee flexion degree (F), extension degree (E) and range of motion (R) were measured by goniometer before treatment, after treatment, 6 months after treatment, respectively. Results E, F and R of the knee joint were improved significantly both after treatment and 6 months after treatment as compared with those before treatment. Conclusions Application of isokinetic dynamometer by static progressive stretch can be used to treat knee joint contracture effectively.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263182

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the effect of electroacupuncture in different frequencies by electromyography and walking function measure in post-stroke patients with lower-extremity (OLE) spasticity and hemiparesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty cases of post-stroke whose motor deficit was classified into Brunnstrom stage II - IV were randomly divided into a 100 Hz group, a 50 Hz group and a 2 Hz group. They were accepted 100 Hz, 50 Hz or 2 Hz of electroacupuncture (EA) therapy combined with standard rehabilitation program. Main outcome measures included integrated electromyography (IEMG) score during maximum isometric voluntary contraction (MIVC) of the knee flexors and extensors, ankle dorsiflexors and planterflexors in the affected LE recorded by surface EMG, Co-contraction ratio calculated by IEMG score of the antagonist over that of the agonist plus antagonist, Composite Spasticity Scale (CSS), Fugl-Meyer Motor Scale (FMS) and Functional Ambulation Categories (FAC) on LE. All outcomes were assessed at the baseline and after treatment by the professional practitioners who blinded to the treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After EA treatment, IEMG of rectus femoris were decreased in 100 Hz and 50 Hz groups (P < 0.01, P < 0.05), and better than that in 2 Hz group (both P < 0.05); gastrocnemius IEMG were decreased in 100 Hz and 50 Hz groups (P < 0.05, P < 0.01); but IEMG of tibialis anterior muscle was increased only in 50 Hz group (P < 0.05). During knee flexion, EMG co-contraction ratio in MIVC declined in 100 Hz and 50 Hz groups were decreased significantly (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), and the co-contraction ratio between the non-affected and affected side were increased significantly in all the 3 groups after treatment (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). During ankle dorsiflexion, co-contraction ratio were decreased significantly in all the 3 groups (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), and cocontraction ratio between the non-affected and affected side was increased significantly only in 100 Hz after treatment (P < 0.01). FMS score, CSS and FAC were improved in all the 3 groups after treatment (all P < 0.01), but only FAC in 100 Hz group showed better effect than that in 50 Hz group or 2 Hz group (both P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Electroacupuncture therapy combined with rehabilitation program is effective for the spasticity status of lower-extremity in post-stroke. The therapeutic effect of EA in the frequencies of 100 Hz or 50 Hz is superior to that of 2 Hz stimulation and parameter of 100 Hz may be optimal.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Electroacupuncture , Electromyography , Female , Humans , Lower Extremity , Male , Middle Aged , Muscle Spasticity , Therapeutics , Paresis , Therapeutics , Stroke , Treatment Outcome , Walking
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273637

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of total alkaloids of Rubus alceaefolius Poiron (RAP) on gene expressions of drug-metabolic enzymes, CYP2E1 and CYP3A1 in liver.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into six groups (10 rats in each), the blank control group, the model control group, the bifendate group and the three RAP treated groups treated respectively with low-, middle- and high-dose of RAP. The model of acute hepatic injury was established with intra-peritoneal injection of carbon tetrachloride. Serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and severity of hepatic tissue injury were measured, and the mRNA expressions of CYP2E1 and CYP3A1 in liver tissue were detected by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>As compared with the model group, serum levels of ALT and AST were significantly lower in the high- and middle-dose ARP group (P <0.01), but in the low-dose group, only ALT was significantly lower (P<0.01); the severity of liver injury was milder in the RAP groups (P<0.01); and both CYP2E1 and CYP3A1 mRNA expressions in liver were significantly lower in the bifendate and all RAP treated groups (P<0.01 or P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RAP could significantly reduce the ALT and AST levels, protect liver cells from injury, and inhibit the mRNA expressions of CYP2E1 and CYP3A1 in liver tissue.</p>


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Metabolism , Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Metabolism , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Metabolism , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 , Metabolism , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A , Metabolism , Female , Gene Expression , Liver , Metabolism , Male , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rosaceae , Chemistry
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