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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 335-344, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789030

ABSTRACT

The objective of this research was to clone 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase gene (MoDXR) and its promoter sequence from Morinda officinalis and carry out bioinformatic analysis, cis-acting elements analysis, and prokaryotic expression. On the basis of the MoDXR gene sequence obtained from the M. officinalis transcriptome and with NCBI-ORFfinder analysis, a pair of specific primers were designed, and used for RT-PCR amplification. The promoter region sequence at the 5′ end of MoDXR gene was isolated by the genome walking technique. Localization of MoDXR was carried out by subcellular analysis. The prokaryotic expression plasmid pET-28a-MoDXR was constructed and transfected into Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) chemically-competent cells; the recombiant plasmid expressed fusion protein after the induction by IPTG. The full-length cDNA of MoDXR was 2 015 bp,and open reading frame (ORF) size was 1 425 bp, and it encoded 474 amino acid residues and had a molecular mass of 51.27 kD. Sequence comparison with BlastP to the NCBI database revealed that MoDXR had high sequence similarity with many other DXRs, such as Coffea arabica DXR (CaDXR) and Rauvolfia verticillata DXR (RvDXR). A phylogenetic tree revealed that MoDXR had its closest relationship with DXR from Coffea arabica and Gardenia jasminoides. The subcellular localization revealed that MoDXR protein was located on the chloroplast. Plantcare analysis indicated that the promoter region sequence of MoDXR was 1 493 bp, covering multiple light, stress, and hormone-responsive cis-regulatory elements; protein electrophoresis showed that the expressed protein was the anticipated size. This research lays the foundation for further purification and structural and functional characterization of the MoDXR protein.

2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1155-1159, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776197

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect of acupuncture, conventional acupuncture and oral estazolam tablet on refractory insomnia.@*METHODS@#A total of 180 patients with refractory insomnia were randomized into a acupuncture group, a conventional acupuncture group and a medication group, 60 cases in each group. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Waiguan (TE 5), Neiguan (PC 6), Weishu (BL 21), Zhongwan (CV 12) and Taixi (KI 3); in the conventional acupuncture group, conventional acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Shenmen (HT 7), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Zhaohai (KI 6), Shenmai (BL 62) and Anmian (Extra). Supplementary acupoints were added according to different patterns in the two acupuncture groups, and the treatment was given once a day, 7 times as one course and 4 courses were required. In the medication groups, estazolam was taken orally 1 h before sleep, 1 mg each time, once a day for 4 weeks. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) score was observed before and after treatment and the therapeutic effect was evaluated in the 3 groups.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rates in the acupuncture group and the conventional acupuncture group were 90.0% (54/60) and 83.3% (50/60), which were superior to 30.0% (18/60) in the medication group (both <0.05). Compared before treatment, the PSQI scores were significantly reduced in the two acupuncture groups (all <0.05), the sleep efficiency and the total score of PSQI were reduced in the medication group (both <0.05). After treatment, the changes of sleep latency, sleep efficiency, sleep disorder, daytime function and total score of PSQI in the acupuncture group were significantly larger than those in the conventional acupuncture group (all <0.05). The changes of PSQI scores in the acupuncture group were significantly larger than the medication group (all <0.05). The changes of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep time, sleep disorder, daytime function and total score of PSQI in the conventional acupuncture group were significantly larger than the medication group (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The therapeutic effect of acupuncture on refractory insomnia is superior to estazolam and conventional acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Estazolam , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Sleep , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775852

ABSTRACT

Professor -'s experience of acupuncture and moxibustion for postpartum wind is introduced. With more than 40 years of experience, professor has developed a systematic theoretical basis and technical operation. He points out that postpartum wind, caused by weakened body resistance after delivery, is characterized by intermingled deficiency and excess; the treatment focuses on dispelling wind, and the wind-related acupoints are essential; nourishing blood is important for dispelling wind. He emphasizes that if the cold in uterus would hinder the dispelling of wind and dampness. He has highly valued the manipulation, advocating the treatment of "treating three spirits", especially the spirits after the treatment of acupuncture; he also values the physical and mental health of the puerpera, and runs this principle through the treatment. With the 's herbal long-snake moxibustion, the dual therapeutic effect of medicine and moxibustion can be brought into play, and the therapeutic effect can be enhanced.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Female , Humans , Moxibustion , Postpartum Period
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237879

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study clinical efficacy of smoothing Gan reinforcing Shen (SGRS) method in treating poor response of diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) patients in in vitro fertilization and embryo, transfer (IVF-ET).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 84 DOR patients undergoing IVF-ET were assigned to the experimental group (SGRS Chinese herbs as adjuvant therapy) and the control group according to random digit table, 42 in each group. Patients in the control group received controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) and IVF-ET. Those in the experimental group additionally received basic formula of SGRS method, one dose per day. The dose and use time of recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (r-FSH) were recorded during ovarian stimulation process. On the injection day of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) and serum levels of estradiol (E2) on the oocyte retrieval day were determined using chemiluminescent method. E2 contents in the follicular fluid on the oocyte retrieval day were detected using ELISA. The total number of retrieved oocytes, the number of mature oocytes in metaphase II (M II), the number of normal fertilization [with two pronucleus (2PN)], the number of portable embryos, and the number of good quality embryos were recorded. The correlation between Chinese medical adjuvant therapy and the aforesaid indices were observed. The clinical pregnancy rate and the abortion rate were finally compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total dose of r-FSH, the E2 level on HCG injection day, the serum E2 level on the oocyte retrieval day, the number of retrieved oocyte, the number of oocytes in M II the number of oocytes with 2PN, the number of portable embryos, and the number of good quality embryos were all positively correlated with Chinese medical adjuvant therapy (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Compared with the control group, serum E2 levels on the HCG injection day and the oocyte retrieval day obviously increased, the number of retrieved oocytes, the number of oocytes in M II, and the number of portable embryos were increased more in the experimental group with statistical difference (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). There was no statistical significance in the clinical pregnancy rate or the abortion rate between the two groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SGRS Chinese herbs as adjuvant therapy could improve ovarian responsiveness of DOR patients undergoing IVF-ET, increase the number of retrieved oocytes, elevate the quality of oocytes and the number of embryos.</p>


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic , Therapeutic Uses , Chorionic Gonadotropin , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Embryo Transfer , Methods , Estradiol , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Methods , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Metabolism , Therapeutic Uses , Follicular Fluid , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Oocyte Retrieval , Oocytes , Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome , Ovulation Induction , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337202

ABSTRACT

Abundant experiences have already been accumulated in treatment of stroke with acupuncture. Development of rehabilitation theory also brings unprecedented opportunity and challenge to acupuncture. Combined with the modern rehabilitation theory and practice, it is very helpful to deepen the understanding on treatment of acupuncture for cerebral apoplexy and enhance the therapeutic effect in clinic by studying the mechanism of acupuncture treatment, opportunity of intervention, selection of acupoints, needling manipulations and quantity of stimulations etc. Through analysis on the necessity and the way of combination of acupuncture and modern rehabilitation, it is concluded that rehabilitation evaluation, rehabilitation phases and obstacle analysis should be taken as references by acupuncturists to reinforce the therapeutic effect and creditability of acupuncture treatment on cerebral apoplexy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Hemiplegia , Rehabilitation , Therapeutics , Humans , Stroke , Therapeutics , Stroke Rehabilitation
6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 451-455, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350880

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the changes of inflammatory cytokines in autoimmune prostatitis (AIP) rats treated by electro-acupuncture (EA) at Sanyin points.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We selected 40 Wistar male rats in this study, 10 as normal controls, and the other 30 made AIP models by intradermal injection of protein purification liquid from the prostate of allogeneic male rats with dual immune adjuvant. Then we randomly divided the AIP models into a model, a Cernilton control and an EA group of equal number, the latter two groups treated by Cernilton enema and EA, respectively. After 15 days of treatment, all the animals were sacrificed for detection of the levels of TNF-alpha, iNOS, MDA and T-AOC in the prostate tissue.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the normal controls, the model rats showed significantly elevated TNF-alpha expression ([15.31 +/- 1.36] vs [32.20 +/- 1.65] pg/ml, P < 0.01), iNOS activity ([0.81 +/- 0.33] vs [1.25 +/- 0.23] U/ml, P < 0.01) and MDA content ([0.66 +/- 0.14] vs [0.91 +/- 0.21] nmol/ml, P < 0.05), but markedly reduced T-AOC activity ([1.56 +/- 0.16] vs [1.11 +/- 0.15] U/ml, P < 0.01). In comparison with the model group, the EA group exhibited significantly reduced levels of TNF-alpha ([17.32 +/- 2.69 ] pg/ml, P < 0.01), iNOS ([0.98 +/- 0.5 ] U/ml, P < 0.05) and MDA ([0.70 +/- 0.20] nmol/ml, P < 0.05), but remarkably increased level of T-AOC ([1.44 +/- 0.26] U/ml, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Electro-acupuncture at Sanyin points can protect the prostate tissue from morphological damage and reduce inflammatory reaction by decreasing pro-inflammatory cytokine activity, vascular permeability and inflammatory cell infiltration and increasing the activity of the antioxidant defense system.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Cytokines , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Electroacupuncture , Inflammation , Male , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Metabolism , Prostate , Metabolism , Prostatitis , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280799

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effective therapeutic method in the treatment of idiopathic sudden hearing loss (ISHL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and eighty-eight cases of ISHL were randomized into a warming-promoting needling group (74 cases), a conventional acupuncture group (56 cases) and a medication group (58 cases). In the conventional acupuncture group, the conventional needling technique was applied to Baihui (GV 20), Fengchi (GB 20), Yifeng (TE 17), Tinggong (SI 19), Touqiaoyin (GB 11) and Zhigou (TE 6) on the affected side. The treatment was given 5 times each week. Totally, the treatment of 6 weeks was required. In the warming-promoting needling group, on the basic treatment as the conventional acupuncture group, the warming-promoting needling technique was applied to Fengchi (GB 20). In the medication group, the intravenous drop with salvia injectio and mecobalamin was prescribed, once per day, for 10 days totally. Meanwhile, Erlong Zuoci Wan was prescribed for oral administration, 8 pills each time, three times a day for 30 days continuously.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All of the three therapeutic methods achieved the effect on ISHL. The total effective rate was 89.2% (66/74) in the warming-promoting needling group, which was better than 62.5% (35/56) in the conventional acupuncture group and 53.4% (31/58) in the medication group (both P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The warming-promoting needling techinque achieves the significant efficacy on ISHL. The hearing improvement is superior to that treated with either the conventional needling technique or medication.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Adult , Female , Hearing Loss, Sudden , Therapeutics , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Needles , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280772

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the efficacy difference between meridian cosmetology and western medicine in the treatment of chloasma and explore the impacts of meridian cosmetology on E2 and PRGE.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three hundreds cases of chloasma were randomized into a meridian cosmetology group and a western medication group according to the visit sequence, 150 cases in each one. In the meridian cosmetology group, the meridian regulation, acupuncture based on pattern/syndrome differentiation [at the body acupoints such as Qihai (CV 6), Xuehai (SP 10), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Ganshu (BL 18), Pishu (BL 20) and Shenshu (BL 23), etc.] and the local surrounding needling therapy on the chloasma skin lesion were adopted. In the western medication group, the oral administration of Vitamin C and E was prescribed for 3 months. The clinical efficacy was observed for the patients in the two groups. Additionally, 30 cases were collected from the meridian cosmetology group randomly for the detection of estrogen (E2) and progestin (PRGE) before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The effective rate in the meridian cosmetology group was 92.6% (126/136), which was superior to 67.0% (75/112) in the western medication group (P < 0.05). For the patients collected from the meridian cosmetology group, as compared with that before treatment, E2 level was decreased (P < 0.01) and PRGE level was increased (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The meridian cosmetology achieves the superior efficacy as compared with the western medication group for the chloasma and it can regulate the levels of E2 and PRGE.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Adult , Cosmetic Techniques , Estrogens , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Melanosis , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Meridians , Progestins , Metabolism , Young Adult
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285139

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare therapeutic effects of herb-partitioned spread moxibustion and western medicine on chronic nonspecific ulcerative colitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty cases were randomly divided into a spread moxibustion group (n = 28) and a western medicine group (n = 32). The spread moxibustion group was treated with herb-partitioned spread moxibustion at lower limb around stomach meridian, abdomen region around Guanyuan (CV 4) and lower Jiaji (EX B 2) points; and the western medicine group was treated with oral administration of Sulfasalazine. Their therapeutic effects were observed after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cured-markedly effective rate was 71.4% (20/ 28) in the spread moxibustion group, and 25.0% (8/32) in the western medicine group, the former was better than the latter (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The therapeutic effect of herb-partitioned spread moxibustion for treatment of chronic nonspecific ulcerative colitis is better than that of the oral administration of Sulfasalazine with less adverse reaction, and is worth popularizing in clinic.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Adult , Chronic Disease , Therapeutics , Colitis, Ulcerative , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Male , Meridians , Middle Aged , Moxibustion , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267267

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To search for an effective therapy for allergic rhinitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty cases of allergic rhinitis were randomly divided into a treatment group (n=60) treated mainly with penetration needling, Yintang (EX-HN 3)-through-Bigen (root of nose), Sibai (ST 2)-through-Bigen, Yingxiang (LI 20)-through-Bigen, and a control group (n=60) treated with oral Biyankang, 4 tablets each time, 3 times daily. Their therapeutic effects were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total effective rate was 85.0% in the treatment group and 60.0% in the control group, with a very significant difference between the two groups (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The penetration needling as main therapy has a definite therapeutic effect on allergic rhinitis, which is significantly better than that of oral Biyankang.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Nose , Rhinitis, Allergic
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