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1.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 953-956, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476867

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of salmon calcitonin on osteoporosis induced by spinal cord injury. Methods 100 patients with osteoporosis induced by spinal cord injury from September 2011 to September 2014 in our department were included. They were ran-domly divided into control group (n=50) and observation group (n=50). The control group received vitamin D3 only, while the observation group received vitamin D3 combined with salmon calcitonin on the basis of rehabilitation physiotherapy, for 6 months. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) of pain was evaluated in different periods. The bone mineral density (BMD) of lumbar spine and femoral neck, the parathyroid hormone (PTH), bone gla protein (BGP) and 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3) were tested and recorded. Results The VAS score was lower in the observation group than in the control group 1, 2, 3 and 6 months after treatment (P<0.001). The BMD of lumbar spine and femoral neck was significantly higher, the PTH and BGP were significantly lower and the 1,25-(OH)2D3 was significantly higher in the obser-vation group than in the control group after treatment (P<0.001). Conclusion Combination of salmon calcitonin can effectively reduce the bone pain and improve the BMD in patients with osteoporosis induced by spinal cord injury.

2.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 953-956, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940090

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the effect of salmon calcitonin on osteoporosis induced by spinal cord injury. Methods 100 patients with osteoporosis induced by spinal cord injury from September 2011 to September 2014 in our department were included. They were randomly divided into control group (n=50) and observation group (n=50). The control group received vitamin D3 only, while the observation group received vitamin D3 combined with salmon calcitonin on the basis of rehabilitation physiotherapy, for 6 months. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) of pain was evaluated in different periods. The bone mineral density (BMD) of lumbar spine and femoral neck, the parathyroid hormone (PTH), bone gla protein (BGP) and 1,25- dihydroxy vitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3) were tested and recorded. Results The VAS score was lower in the observation group than in the control group 1, 2, 3 and 6 months after treatment (P<0.001). The BMD of lumbar spine and femoral neck was significantly higher, the PTH and BGP were significantly lower and the 1,25-(OH)2D3 was significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group after treatment (P<0.001). Conclusion Combination of salmon calcitonin can effectively reduce the bone pain and improve the BMD in patients with osteoporosis induced by spinal cord injury.

3.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1142-1147, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814181

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the surgical techniques and clinical outcomes of total hip replacement for patients with end-stage osteoarthritis secondary to developmental dysplasia of the hip.@*METHODS@#From May 2004 to March 2008, a total of 36 total hip replacements were performed in 32 patients with end-stage osteoarthritis secondary to developmental dysplasia of the hip. The acetabulum cup was reconstructed in the corresponding anatomical position in all cases. Cemented components were used in 16 hips, and cementless components in the other 20 hips. The mean follow-up was 31.3 months. Clinical outcomes were determined with Harris hip score. Radiographs were taken after the surgery and in every follow-up examination for further reference.@*RESULTS@#All patients postoperatively gained a limb lengthening with an average of (3.4+/-1.3) cm. Three patients had complications, 2 had nondisplaced fractures of the proximal part of the femur,and 1 sciatic nerve palsy which disappeared after 3 months. There was no infection, dislocation and symptomatic deep vein thrombosis. Compared with preoperation, the mean Harris hip scores on the 3rd day, the 14th day after the operation and at the last follow-up were all improved significantly (all P<0.05). There was no loosening, migration, heterotopic ossification radiographically, and no revision during the follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#Total hip replacement is an effective treatment for patients with end-stage osteoarthritis secondary to developmental dysplasia of the hip. The key is to place the acetabulum cup in the corresponding anatomical position, and choose proper prosthesises during the surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Methods , Hip Dislocation, Congenital , General Surgery , Orthopedic Procedures , Methods , Osteoarthritis , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 693-698, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969502
5.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 903-903, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972049
6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 110-112, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977960

ABSTRACT

@#ObjectiveTo investigate the living condition of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) after Tangshan earthquake.MethodsA questionnaire was designed for the investigation with 41 items including resident environment, income, mood, etc. The faculty of surveillance was composed of trained professionals. 1261 SCI patients living in Tangshan at present, 420 of which live in the sanatoriums and others live in the common families. The patients of four sanatoriums were chosen randomly from fourteen sanatoriums to be investigated in detail, and patients in the common families in two communities, one from city, another from countryside, were also chosen. This investigation was performed in 2003.The results are compared with that of 1988' survey.ResultsGreat improvements in the living condition of SCI patients in Tangshan were shown by the comparison of these two surveys, they were mainly in: the progress in the housing environments (100% SCI patients now live in the specially designed reconstructed houses); better medical services provided (the ratio of wheelchair available from 38.1% to 100%); the majority of the patients in acceptance stage of their disability; the increase of income (21.1% takes up various occupation) with a vigorous spare time; decrease in the common complications with SCI patients; although uremia was still the first death cause of the SCI patients, the percentage was decreased apparently; cardiovascular accident had a higher percentage in the death cause(the second leading cause), implies that the death cause of the SCI survivors had approached the normal person.ConclusionThe improvements reflect the social progress in China. However, still there are some problems to be remained for further solution: the ratio of employment is low; the insurance of living and medical rehabilitation needs further improvement.

7.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 412-413, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979093

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To survey the situation of spinal cord injuries (SCI) in Beijing.Methods China Rehabilitation Research Center and Information Center of Beijing Health Bureau sponsored the surveillance of 86 hospitals in Beijing which had hospitalized SCI patients in 2002. The faculty of surveillance was composed of trained professionals. The number of registered SCI patients in 2002 was 1077, and 264 patients in 11 hospitals were chosen to be investigated in detail according to stratified sampling result.Results There were 1077 registered patients with a neurological deficit and the annual SCI incidence was 60 per million. The ratio of male to female was 3:1 and the ratio of cervical, thoracic, lumbar injuries and others is 4.9%, 28%, 66.7%, 0.4% respectively. The mean age at the time of injury was 41 years. The causes most frequently seen were falls from a height and traffic accidents. The mean time of hospitalization was 18.9 days and the mean expenditure of hospitalization was 27819.3 RMB. Four patients were transferred to rehabilitation hospitals, and others went homes directly after discharge.Conclusion There are many reasons for the high annual SCI incidence in Beijing and the first SCI cause was falling from a height, which should be pay special attention when the prevention measures are taken into account. The rate of SCI patients who received systemic medical rehabilitation was low.

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