Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 28
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 701-707, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909925

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of TiRobot-assisted surgery by O-arm navigation for minimally invasive treatment of type C pelvic fractures.Methods:A retrospective case control study was conducted on clinical data of 53 patients with type C pelvic ring fractures treated between January 2018 and September 2019 at Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital. There were 29 males and 24 females,aged 20-68 years[(40.4 ± 15.5)years]. All were diagnosed with AO type C fractures. A total of 32 patients underwent minimally invasive internal fixation by TiRobot orthopedic system assisted with O-arm navigation(TiRobot group),and 21 patients were managed by minimally invasive internal fixation under the fluoroscopy guidance of the C-arm X-ray machine(control group). The operation time,intraoperative blood loss,fluoroscopy time of screw and good and excellent rate of screw placement were recorded. One week after surgery,the pain intensity was assessed by visual analog scale(VAS),and the fracture reduction quality by Matta radiographic criteria. At the latest follow-up,the recovery of pelvic function was evaluated by Majeed criteria. Complications were recorded after operation and during the follow-up.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-15 months[(13.2 ± 0.3)months]. The operation time was(85.2 ± 6.9)minutes in TiRobot group and(101.0 ± 6.7)minutes in control group( P < 0.05). The intraoperative blood loss showed no significant difference between the two groups( P > 0.05). The fluoroscopy time of screw placement was 6(5,7)seconds in TiRobot group,compared to 10(10,15)seconds in control group( P < 0.05). In TiRobot group,the screw placement was excellent in 30 patients,good in 1,and fair in 1,with the excellent and good rate of 97%(31/32),while in control group,15 patients showed excellent placement of screws,2 good,and 4 fair,with the excellent and good rate of 76%(17/21)( P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS between the two groups at postoperative one week( P > 0.05).At the latest follow-up,the pelvic reduction quality based on Matta radiographic criteria and pelvic function using Majeed criteria did not differ significantly between the two groups( P > 0.05). No complications occurred after operation and during the follow-up,such as loosening or breakage of screws,heterotopic ossification,vascular injury or nerve injury. Conclusion:For type C pelvic fractures,TiRobot-assisted minimally invasive internal fixation by O-arm navigation can shorten operation time and intraoperative fluoroscopy time,and improve the accuracy of screw placement when compared to C-arm fluoroscopy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869851

ABSTRACT

During the epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the infection of the elderly population will bring great challenges to clinical diagnosis and treatment, outcome and management.Combined with the characteristics of anesthesia and the pathophysiological characteristics of COVID-19 on lung function impairment in elderly patients, Chinese Society of Anesthesiology formulated the " Recommendations for anesthesia management and infection control in elderly patients with COVID-19″. This recommendation expounds preoperative visit and infection control, anesthesia management protocol, anesthesia monitoring, anesthesia induction/endotracheal intubation, anesthesia maintenance and infection control, intraoperative lung protection strategy, anti-stress and anti-inflammatory management, hemodynamic optimization, infection control during emergence from anesthesia, and postoperative analgesia in elderly patients with COVID-19, and provides the reference for the safe and effective implementation of anesthesia management in elderly patients during the prevention and control of COVID-19 epidemic.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1345-1349, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660428

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate which cells persistantly express interleukin (IL)-1β during the transition of acute neuroinflammaiton to chronic neuroinflammaiton and therefore to provide the evidences of targeted therapy for blocking neuroinflammation.Methods A single does of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (2 mg/kg,LPS group) or 0.9% saline (Control group) was intraperitoneally injected in aged rats.Level and gene expression of IL-1β in hippocampual tissue were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR),respectively.Cells secreted IL-1β in hippocampus was detected via double fluorescence.Results Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule-1 (IBA-1) positive cells were significantly increased day 1 (P < 0.05) and latee on,gradually return to base level 30 days after LPS exposure.These changes were consistent with mRNA expressions of IL-1β and astrocytes-derived IL-1β in hippocampus.Neither IL-1β expressed in microglia nor in neurons was observed at any time point following LPS-treated.Conclusions LPS induces prolonged activation of glial cells and sustained expression of astrocytes-derived IL-1β,which may play an important role in the transition of acute neuroinflammation to chronic neuroinflammation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608628

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of group feedback and formative assessment respectively on teaching effectiveness of endotracheal intubation (ETI).Methods After atheoretical lecturing and theoretical test,eighty three undergraduates were randomized into concurrent-feedback group and groupfeedback group.ETIsimulation training was given respectively by providing concurrent or group feedback in the two groups,and then undergraduates received a skill assessment.After atheoretical lecturing and theoretical test,other 91 undergraduates were randomized into final-assessment group and formative-assessment group.ETIsimulationtraining and skill assessment were given in final-assessment group.Before training,first skill assessment was performed in formative-assessment group,and then feedback was delivered based on the assessment.After training,second skill assessment was given again.Skill assessment was evaluated using the criterion-based task specific checklist combined with global rating scale.t-test was used for comparison between groups.Results There was no statistical difference (P=0.212) in theoretical scores between group-feedback group,and concurrent-feedback group.Skill assessment score of group-feedback group (39.4 ± 4.9) was higher than that in concurrent-feedback group (35.4 ± 4.7),with statistical difference (P=0.000).There was no statistical difference (P=0.395) in theoretical scores between formative-assessment group and final-assessment group.Score of formative-assessment group (39.3 ± 6.2) was higher than that in final-assessment group (32.2 ± 2.4),with statistical difference (P=0.000).Conclusion Terminal feedback or formative assessment could enhance teaching effectiveness of endotracheal intubation among medical students.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1345-1349, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662618

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate which cells persistantly express interleukin (IL)-1β during the transition of acute neuroinflammaiton to chronic neuroinflammaiton and therefore to provide the evidences of targeted therapy for blocking neuroinflammation.Methods A single does of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (2 mg/kg,LPS group) or 0.9% saline (Control group) was intraperitoneally injected in aged rats.Level and gene expression of IL-1β in hippocampual tissue were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR),respectively.Cells secreted IL-1β in hippocampus was detected via double fluorescence.Results Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule-1 (IBA-1) positive cells were significantly increased day 1 (P < 0.05) and latee on,gradually return to base level 30 days after LPS exposure.These changes were consistent with mRNA expressions of IL-1β and astrocytes-derived IL-1β in hippocampus.Neither IL-1β expressed in microglia nor in neurons was observed at any time point following LPS-treated.Conclusions LPS induces prolonged activation of glial cells and sustained expression of astrocytes-derived IL-1β,which may play an important role in the transition of acute neuroinflammation to chronic neuroinflammation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619768

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide a simple, convenient, and safe anesthesia method for the establishment of a M1 segment of middle cerebral artery occlusion model in rhesus monkey or other large laboratory animals.Method Twenty male rhesus monkeys weighing 7-11 kg (ages 7-9 years) from Academy of Military Medical Sciences were used in this study.Sumianxin injection combined with 0.1 mg/kg ketamine was given before endotracheal intubation (ID:4.5-5.5#).The animals were then transported to an interventional operation room, where the intravenous access was established and a urinary catheter was inserted into the urinary bladder.Mechanical ventilation was used during the surgery, propofol was continuously injected in a speed of 2-4 mg/kg/h, and Sumianxin-ketamine could be given if necessary to maintain adequate anesthesia depth.The dose was adjusted according to vital signs of the rhesus such as body movements, physiological parameters, and demand of surgery.Brain MRI examination was performed before and after thrombolysis.Anesthetic injection was suspended and the animals were allowed to have a spontaneous breathing every time before the MRI text.Heart rates, temperature, non-invasive blood pressure, and SpO2 were monitored during the whole surgery.Blood samples were taken from the radial artery for blood gas analysis after anesthesia induction and during operation.Results All the 20 animals underwent the operation successfully, no animal had restlessness, respiratory depression, arrhythmia and other serious complications.At the end of the study, animals awake soon.Fifteen of them survived longer than 24 hours, only 5 died from serious cerebral hemorrhage and larger cerebral infarction.Conclusions General endotracheal anesthesia is safe for rhesus monkeys during such interventional operation and MRI examination.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615952

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of arterial pressure continuous output (APCO) derived from stroke volume variation (SVV)-guided fluid management in the patients undergoing supratentorial neoplasms surgery.Methods Sixty-three patients (29 males, 34 females, aged 18-65 years, ASA physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ) undergoing elective supratentorial neoplasma surgery were randomly divided into control group (group C, CVP-guided fluid management, n=30) and GDT group (group S, SVV-guided fluid management, n=33).Before the induction of general anesthesia, the hydmxyethyl starch Voluven (130/0.4) bolus 3 ml/kg in the two groups was administered followed by infusion of crystalloid at the rate of physical requirement.Hydroxyethyl starch or vasoactive agents were administrated to achieve the goal of CVP≥8 mm Hg or MAP>80% of baseline in group C andto reach the value of SVV≤12% and MAP>70% of baselinein group S.Intraoperativecrystal, intraoperative colloids,total fluid volume, bleeding volume, volume of blood transfusion and urine volume were recorded.The radial artery and venous blood was sampled for blood gas analysis, measurement of lactate concentration and laboratory parameters at 30 min before anesthesia induction (T0), the dura mater cutted (T1), end of operation (T2) and postoperative 24 h (T3).Postoperative complications and the number of patients with complications in postoperative period, the length of ICU stay and postoperative days were assessed.Results Total infused fluid volume [(1 478±312) ml vs (1 183±294) ml] and intraoperative colloids [(775±236) ml vs (487±243) ml] were significantly higher in group S than those in group C (P<0.05).Compared with T0, the lactate concentration were decreased significantly in two groups at T1 and T2.The lactate concentration in group S was significantly lower than group C at T2 [(0.91±0.25) mmol/L vs (1.31±0.46) mmol/L](P<0.05).There was no significant difference of postoperative complications, the length of ICU stay and postoperative days between two groups.Conclusion Fluid management guided by SVV during supratentorial neoplasms surgery reduces lactate levels.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497822

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical characteristics,diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune pancreatitis(AIP).Methods The retrospective descriptive study was adopted.The clinical data of 43 patients with AIP who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University between January 2010 and December 2014 were collected.All patients underwent laboratory tests and imaging examinations.For the patients who had the definite diagnosis of AIP,corticosteroid therapy was adopted,and for the patients who had the suspicion of pancreatic cancer,surgical operation was carried out.Observed indexes included clinical manifestations,laboratory findings,imaging findings,treatment,pathological findings and follow-up status.The follow-up of imaging examinations and laboratory tests via outpatient and inpatient examinations was performed on the patients until January 2016.Measurement data with skewed distribution were presented as average (range).Results (1) Clinical manifestations:of the 43 patients,33 demonstrated obstructive jaundice,19 had loss of weight,18 had upper abdominal pain and 5 had acute mild pancreatitis (the same patient with a variety of symptoms).Extrapancreatic organ involvement was detected in 23 of the 43 patients,including focal nephritis in 15 patients,sicca syndrome in 7 patients,pulmonary involvement in 5 patients,autoimmune thyroiditis in 5patients,hilar IgG4-associated cholangitis in 3 patients,retroperitoneal fibrosis in 3 patients and ulcerative colitis in 1 patient (the same patient with a variety of diseases).(2) Results of laboratory tests:17 patients underwent serum IgG4 detection and increased expression of IgG4 was found in 15 patients.(3) Imaging findings:all the 43patients underwent enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan of pancreas.Diffused enlargement of pancreas with appearance of sausage was observed in 34 patients and localized pancreatic head enlargement was observed in 9patients.Twenty patients had peripancreatic vascular involvement including stenosis or occlusion of splenic vein,stricture at the confluence of superior mesenteric vein,portal vein and splenic vein resulting in regional portal hypertension which led to gastric venous varices and splenomegaly.Three patients showed that superior mesenteric artery was surrounded by tissue masses with massive ascites.Five patients had pancreatic pseudocyst with splenic vein involvement and peripancreatic effusion.The abdominal CT examination of 15 patients with renal involvement showed renal cortical wedge or nodular lesions.Pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor and interstitial pneumonia appeared in 5 patients,CT of whom showed solid pulmonary nodules or diffuse ground-glass opacities and patchy shadows in pulmonary interstitium.Thirty-two patients underwent magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and 28 patients underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.The results showed the focal and diffuse or segmental stenosis of the main pancreatic duct were detected in 28 patients (diffuse stenosis in 23patients,local stenosis in 5 patients),stenosis of the intrapancreatic common bile duct in 32 patients,stenosis of hilar bile duct in 3 patients.Nine patients underwent endoscopic ultrasonography examination.The results showed 3 patients had hypoechoic mass in the head of pancreas and 6 patients had diffuse or heterogeneous hypoechoic of the pancreatic parenchyma.(4) Treatment status:of 43 patients,30 patients received initial steroid treatment.After steroid treatment,the clinical symptoms of 27 patients gradually improved and laboratory and imaging findings were both improved.Eleven patients didn 't receive initial steroid treatment,of whom 2 patients with obstructive jaundice underwent endoscopic biliary stent implantation,7 patients underwent surgical biliary drainage and 2 received neither endoscopic treatment nor surgical treatment.Two patients underwent pancreatoduodenectomy due to suspicion of pancreatic adenocarcinoma and were diagnosed as AIP based on postoperative pathological results and treated with steroid after operation.(5) Pathological examination:of the 43 patients,22 underwent pathological examination.Results of pathological examination of superficial lymph nodes showed lymph follicles hyperplasia,and immunohistochemistry staining showed massive IgG4 positive plasmocytes in 5 patients,supporting the diagnosis.Results of fine needle aspiration cytology in 15 patients showed no cytological evidence were detected in 14 patients and epithelial cells of malignant tumors in 1 patient.Results of pathological examination of surgical specimens showed dense infiltration of lymphocyte and immunohistochemistry staining showed massive IgG4 positive plasmocytes.(6) Follow-up status:of 43 patients,41 were followed up for an average time of 28 months (range,12-71 months).Of the 30 patients who received steroid treatment,27 had complete response and 3 had partial response.Of the 27 with complete response,4 patients relapsed during followup and were cured by continuous steroid treatment and extending treatment course,3 patients did not relapse,1 patient relapsed again,and long-term low dose steroid maintenance therapy was needed.The 3 patients with partial response were treated with mycophenolate mofetil for 6,4,4 months and imaging abmormalities disappeaved absolutely.Eleven patients received no steroid for the initial treatment,in whom 2 patients were lost to follow-up,1 patient with common bile duct jejunum anastomosis died in 1 year after surgery.In the other 8 patients,the imaging abnormalities were spontaneous remission or clinical and imaging manifestations were improved after steroid treatment and no recurrence was found.Two patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy due to suspicion of pancreatic adenocarcinoma received steroid treatment after operation and no recurrence was observed.Conclusion Clinicians should combine clinical manifestations,serological examination,imaging findings and pathological examination to make definite diagnosis of AIP and make differential diagnosis of pancreatic cancer to avoid unnecessary surgical treatment by misdiagnosis.

9.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2256-2258,2259, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604453

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of conscious sedation analgesia during superficial bladder tumor resection for elderly patients. Methods Forty elderly patients who needed 2 μm laser resection for bladder tumors were treated with target controlled infusion (TCI) remifentanil and propofol. The initial target concentration of remifentanil was 2.5 ng/mL and that of propofol was 1 μg/mL. The target concentration of those two agents was adjusted until loss of painfulness to the operative stimulus. The MAP, HR, SpO2, RR and PetCO2, BIS and scores by OAA/S were compared between pre-and post-surgery at different time points (time before anesthesia, T0; time before analgesia, T1; time when the resection began, T2; 5 minutes after the resection began, T3;10 minutes after the resection began, T4; 15 minutes after the resection began, T5; the end of operation, T6;5 minutes after operation). Results All patients lived through the surgery under a conscious sedation. After the anesthesia, blood pressure, heart rate and breathing rate were declined, while oxygen saturation was unchanged. Conclusion TCI with remifentanil and propofol provides better hemodynamic stability, satisfactory sedation analgesia and faster recovery of surgery.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451530

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of ulinastatin on postoperative cardiac troponin I ( cTnI) in patients underwent carotid endarterectomy ( CEA) under general anesthesia. Methods Forty patients with severe symptomatic carotid artery stenosis underwent unilateral CEA under general anesthesia from January 2011 to March 2012 were divided into either a ulinastatin group or a control group according to a random number table ( n=20 in each group) . Patients in the ulinastatin group received 500 000 U of ulinastatin via veins before induction of anesthesia. The patients in the control group were given the same amount of isotonic saline. The serum concentrations of cardiac troponin I ( cTnI ) were detected before surgery and at day 1,2,and 3 after procedure. Myocardial injury was defined as the cTnI peak concentration>0. 04μg/L . Results The levels of serum cTnI before procedure and at day 1,2,and 3 after procedure in the ulinastatin group were median (M) 0. 00 (0. 00-0. 03) μg/L,0. 07 (0. 00-1. 45) μg/L,0. 01 (0. 00-1. 21)μg/L,and 0. 05 (0. 00-0. 89)μg/L,respectively;those in the control group were 0. 00 (0. 00-0. 01)μg/L,0. 00 (0. 00-1. 42)μg/L,0. 00 (0. 00-1. 39)μg/L,and 0. 00 (0. 00-1. 24)μg/L, respectively. At day 1 after procedure,6 patients ( 30%) in the control group and 11 ( 55%) in the ulinastatin group occurred myocardial injury. There was no significant difference between the two groups (P1. 5μg/L) of indicating patients occurring myocardial infarction. Conclusion Ulinastatin may not decrease the postoperative serum cTnI levels in CEA patients under general anesthesia. For whether to the CEA patients have myocardial protective effect,more samples are needed to be confirmed.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423901

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of different methods of volume therapy on tissue oxygenation in elderly patients undergoing radical operation for gastrointestinal tumor.Methods Sixty ASA Ⅱ or Ⅲ patients,aged > 65 yr,weighing 42 -85 kg,undergoing elective radical operation for gastrointestinal tumor,were randomized into 3 groups ( n =20 each):lactated Ringer' s solution (LR) group ( group Ⅰ ),LR + 0.6 % hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 (2 ∶ 1 ) group ( group Ⅱ ) and LR + 0.6 % HES 130/0.4 ( 1 ∶1 ) group ( group Ⅲ ).Anesthesia was induced with propofol,vecuronium and fentanyl and maintained with sevoflurane,remifentanil and vecuronium.The patients were mechanically ventilated after tracheal intubation.PETCO2 was maintained at 30-35 mm Hg.Transcutaneous partial pressure of oxygen (TcPO2) and transcutaneous partial pressure of carbon dioxide (TcPCO2) were measured within 5 min before fluid infusion (To ),25-30 min after beginning of fluid infusion (T1),within 5 min before skin incision (T2),within 5 min after skin incision (T3 ),within the first hour after beginning of surgery (T4),within the second hour after beginning of surgery (T5 ) and within 5 min before the end of surgery (T6 ).The average value within each time period was obtained.Blood gas analysis was performed simultaneously and PaO2 and PaCO2 were recorded.The fluid infused,urine volume,blood loss and requirement for norepinephrine,RBC and plasma were recorded during operation.The time when the patients passed the flatus,duration of stay in ICU and postoperative complications were recorded.Results There was no significant difference in TcPO2,TcPCO2,PaO2,PaCO2,the time when the patients passed the flatus,duration of stay in ICU and the incidence of postoperative complications among the three groups ( P > 0.05).TcPO2 and PaO2 were significantly higher at T2-6 in the three groups and TcPCO2 was significantly lower at T3 in group Ⅲ than those at To and T1 ( P< 0.05 or 0.01).TcPCO2 was significantly lower at T3 than at T2 in the three groups (P < 0.05).Compared with group Ⅰ,the requirement for norepinephrine was significantly lower ( P < 0.05),and no significant change was found in the fluid infused,urine volume,blood loss and requirement for RBC and plasma in groups Ⅱ and Ⅲ ( P>0.05).Conclusion When LR,LR+0.6% HES 130/0.4 (2∶1) or LR + 0.6% HES 130/0.4 (1∶1) is used for volume therapy,tissue oxygenation is improved,however,LR + 0.6% HES 130/0.4 (2∶1) or LR + 0.6% HES 130/0.4 (1∶1 ) is better in maintaining circulatory stability than LR infused alone and is more suitable for elderly patients undergoing radical operation for gastrointestinal tumor.

12.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1257-1261, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430271

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the reduction of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury by fentanyl postconditioning and remote limb ischemic postconditioning in rats.Methods Sixty-three male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 8 weeks,weighing 250-350 g,were equally and randomly allocated into 7 groups:sham operation group (group S),group I/R,fentanyl postconditioning group (group F),remote limb ischemic postconditioning group (group R),ROS scavenger N-(2-Mercaptopropionyl) glycine (MPG) group (group M),MPG + fentanyl postconditioning group (group MF),and MPG + remote limb ischemic postconditioning group (group MR).Myocardial I/R was induced by occlusion of anterior descending branch of left coronary artery for 30 min followed by 180 min of reperfusion.In group S the anterior descending branch was only exposed but not ligated.MPG 5 mg/kg was infused intravenously from 5 min before ischemia to 15 min of reperfusion in groups M,MF and MR,while the equal volume of normal saline was given in the other four groups.In groups F and MF,fentanyl 30 μg/kg was injected intravenously at 15 min of myocardial ischemia.In groups R and MR,the animals underwent 10 min ischemia of bilateral hind limbs starting from 15 min of myocardial ischemia.Arterial blood samples were taken at 180 min of reperfusion to determine the serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) concentration.The rats were then sacrificed.The infarct size was measured by TTC.Results Compared with group S,the serum cTnI concentration and infarct size were significantly increased in the other six groups (P <0.05).Compared with group I/R,no significant change was found in the serum cTnI concentration and infarct size in M group,and the serum cTnI concentration and infarct size were significantly decreased in F and R groups (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the serum cTnI concentration and infarct size between MF group and F group (P > 0.05).The serum cTnI concentration was significantly higher and the infarct size was larger in group MR than in group R (P < 0.05).Conclusion ROS is involved in the reduction of myocardial I/R injury by remote limb ischemic postconditioning in rats,but not in the myocardial protection provided by fentanyl postconditioning.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427359

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of anesthesia with etomidate administered by TCI in combination with continuous iv remifentanil infusion titrated to maintain BIS values at 40-60 for non-cardiac surgery in a prospective randomized single-blinded multicenter controlled clinical study.Methods Two hundred and forty-four ASA Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients of both sexes aged 20-60 yr undergoing non-cardiac surgery lasting less than 3 h were randomly allocated into 2 groups:etomidate group (group E,n =123) and propofol group (group P,n =121 ).The patients were unpremedicated.A bolus of midazolam 0.03 mg/kg was injected iv immediately before induction of anesthesia.Anesthesia was induced with sufentanil 0.3-0.4 μg/kg and TCI of etomidate (effect-site concentration (Ce) =0.5-1.0 μg/ml) or propofol (Ce =3-4 μg/ml).Tracheal intubation was facilitated with rocuronium 0.9 mg/kg.The patients were mechanically ventilated (VT 8-10 ml/kg,RR 10-12 bpm,FiO2 =1 ).PETCO2 was maintained at 35-40 mm Hg.Anesthesia was maintained with TCI of etomidate ( Ce =0.3-0.8 μg/ml ) or propofol ( Ce =3-4 μg/ml) in combination with continuous iv infusion of remifentanil at 0.1-1.0 μg· kg-1 ·min-1 and intermittent iv boluses of rocuronium.BIS values were maintained at 40-60 during operation.Sufentanil 0.1 μg/kg was administered iv before skin closure.Ce at loss of consciousness,during maintenance of anesthesia and at emergence,the consumption of remifentanil and vasoactive agents,the emergence time and extubation time were recorded.The incidences of injecton pain,post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and emergence agitation were measured.Results Ce of etomidate at loss of consciousness,at emergence and during maintenance of anesthesia was (0.50 ± 0.22),(0.16 ± 0.09) and 0.22-0.39 μg/ml respectively.The incidence of injection pain and the consumption of vasoactive agents were significantly lower but more remifentanil was needed in group E than in group P (P <0.05 or 0.01).There was no significant difference in emergence time and extubation time between the 2 groups (P > 0.05).The incidence of PONV and emergence agitation were significantly higher during recovery in group E than in group P ( P < 0.05 ).Conclusion The hemodynamics is stabler during operation,but the incidence of PONV and emergence agitation are significantly higher during recovery in group E than in group P.Etomidate induces little injection pain.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385925

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the protective effects of fentanyl postconditioning and remote limb ischemic postconditioning (RLIP) against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. Methods Thirty-nine male SD rats aged 8 weeks weighing 250-350 g were randomly allocated into 5 groups: Ⅰ group sham operation (group S, n = 5); Ⅱ group I/R ( n = 7); Ⅲ group fentanyl postconditioning (group F, n= 9); Ⅳ group RLIP (group R, n = 9) and group Ⅴ fentanyl postconditioning + RLIP (group F-R, n = 9). The animals were anesthetized with intraperitoneal 3% pentobarbital 50 mg/kg, intubated and mechanically ventilated. Myocardial I/R was induced by occlusion of anterior desending branch of left coronary artery for 30 min followed by 180 min reperfusion. Fentanyl 30 μg/kg was injected iv at 15 min of myocardial ischemia in group F and F-R In group R and F-R the animals underwent 10 min ischemia of bilateral hind limbs starting from 15 min of myocardial ischemia. HR and MAP were recorded at 5,60,120 and 180 min of reperfusion and rate-pressure product( RPP, HR × MAP) were calculated. At the end of 180 min reperfusion, arterial blood samples were obtained for measurement of the activities of plasma lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase isoenzyme MB (CK-MB), and the concentration of serum cardiac troponin Ⅰ (cTnI). The animals were then sacrificed. The infarct size was evaluated by double staining with Evans blue and triphenyl tetrazolium chloride. Results Myocardial I/R significantly increased plasma LDH and CK-MB activities and serum cTnI concentration and decreased HR,MAP and RPP as compared with group S.Fentanyl postconditioning and RLIP both decreased plasma CK-MB activity, serum cTnI concentration and infarct size and increased HR, MAP and RPP in group F, R and F-R as compared with group I/R. Plasma CK-MB activity,serum cTnI concentration and RPP were significantly lower and infarct size was smaller in group F-R than in group F. The infarct size was significantly smaller and MAP and RPP were higher in group F-R than in group R.Conclusion Fentanyl postconditioning can provide a myocardial protection against I/R injury. Myocardial protection is enhanced by combination of fentanyl postconditioning and RLIP.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384724

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the pre- and intra-operative risk factors associated with delayed weaning from ventilator during the early postoperative period in patients undergoing liver transplantation.Methods Two hundred and twelve patients (152 male, 60 female) aged 22-69 yr undergoing liver transplantation from Sept 2004to Aug 2006 were enrolled in this study and were divided into 2 groups according to the time when the patients were weaned from ventilator: normal weaning group (Group A, the patients weaned from ventilator within 24 h after operation) and delayed weaning group (Group B, the patients weaned from ventilator more than 24 h after operation). Routine anesthesia wes performed. Blood and blood products were transfused according to the guidelines for blood transfusion to maintain the mean arterial pressure (MAP)≥60 mm Hg during operation. Sixteen preoperative variables (age>64 yr, gender, BMI ≥ 30kg/m2, PaO2<75 mm Hg,pleural effusion, a history of asthma, smoking, drinking alcohol, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, encephalopathy>grade 3, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, preoperative MELD score, serum albumin, ascites≥20 ml/kg and moderate hepatopulmonary hypertension) and 7 intraoperative variables (duration of operation, duration of anhepatic stage, transfusions of RBC,fresh frozen plasma (FFP), crystalloid and colloid, and urine output< 1 ml·kg-1·h-1) were recorded and compared between the two groups.Results There were significant differences in 9 preoperative variables (age > 64 yr, PaO2<75 mm Hg, pleural effusion,encephalopathy>grade 3, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, preoperative MELD score, serum albumin, ascites≥20 ml/kg and moderate hepato-pulmonary hypertension) and 5 intraoperative variables (transfusions of RBC, FFP, crystalloid and colloid, and urine output<1 mi·kg-1·h-1) between the two groups (P<0.05 or 0.01). And logistic regression analysis showed that 5preoperative variables (age>64 yr, PaO2<75 mm Hg, encephalopathy > grade 3, preoperative MELD score, and moderate hepato-pulmonary hypertension) and 2 intraoperative variables (transfusion of RBC and urine output<1 ml·kg-1·h-1) were confirmed to be associated with delayed weaning from ventilator.Conclusion Such variables es age > 64 yr, preoperative PaO2 < 75 mm Hg, encephalopathy > grade 3, preoperative MELD score, moderate hepato-pulmonary hypertension, transfusion of RBC during operation and urine output < 1 ml· kg-1 · h-1 are associated with delayed weaning from ventilator during early postoperative period after liver transplantation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394395

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical implications of portal vein bloodletting immediately before reperfusion during orthotopic liver transplantation(OLT).Methods Thirty-two patients with end-stage liver diseases undergoing non veno-venous OLT were divided into bloodletting group (n=21)and control group(n=11).During anhepatic phase,we maintained mean arterial pressure >70 mm Hg,cardiac index>2.5 L·min-1·m-2 by infusion,norepinephrine and dopamine.Blood samples were taken at the time when portal vein was clamped(T1),the time when portal vein was unclamped (T2),10 minutes after neohepatic phase(T3),neohepatic phase 30 minutes(T4)for electrolytes,blood gas and plasma inflammatory cytokines.Hemodynamic and ventilation parameters were also recorded.Results There was no significant difference in mortality(X2=1.12,P>0.05)and arrhythmia incidence (X2=1.73,P>0.05)between the two groups.Serum calcium,magnesium were both significantly lower than normal.After anhepatic phase,potassium,tumor necrosis factor alpha,interleukin-6 in radial artery didn't alter significantly;Bloodletting had no effect on lactic acid.There was no significant difference in hemodynamic and ventilation parameters among four time periods.Conclusion Bloodletting seemed to have no effect on changes of internal environment.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-532459

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and side effect during target controlled infusion of remifentanil and propofol in elderly patient undergoing nasal-endoscopy surgery.METHODS 60 patients of nasal-endoscopy surgery were devided into two groups based on age(non-elderly group age

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565408

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of guiding the volume management during orthotopic liver transplantation by right ventricular end-diastolic volume index(RVEDVI).Methods:Thirty-two patients who accepted OLT were studied during operation.A modified pulmonary artery catheter equipped with a fast response thermistor(774HF75)was used to determine RVEDVI,EF,CCI,CVP,MPAP,PAOP and SVI.The above-mentioned hemodynamic measures were taken in 9 phases:T0,before induction of anesthesia;T1,before operation;T2,pre-anhepatic phase;T3,30 minutes after PV occlusion;T4,10 minutes after graft reperfusion;T5,30 minutes after graft reperfusion;T6,60 minutes after graft reperfusion;T7,120 minutes after graft reperfusion;and T8,at the end of surgery.The linear regression analyses of SVI and CVP,SVI and PAOP,SVI and RVEDVI in each phase were calculated,and the best measure of representing the volume of the OLT patient was selected.Results:The variation of the RVEF value was(42.04?9.40)%.Linear regression analyses showed a significant correlation between RVEDVI and stroke volume index(SVI) in each phase(P

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565407

ABSTRACT

A 60-years-old(85 kg,178 cm) coronary arterial disease patient having had acute myocardial infarction for several times received liver transplantation successfully.He had a previous episode of acute myocardial infarction associated with entire obstruction of right coronary 6 years ago,and was inserted a bracket then.One year ago the patient got chest pain again,and was diagnosed as inferior wall myocardial infarction.Then he received expectant treatment in internal medical department for several days.A 774HF75 PAC catheter(Edwards Lifescience,USA) was inserted into an internal jugular vein,and cardiac output,right ventricular end diastolic volume index,right ventricular ejection fraction,stroke volume index,system vascular resistance,pulmonary vascular resistance,left ventricular-stroke work index and right ventricular-stroke work index were calculated.During the operation,cardiovascular medications such as dopamine,norepinephrine,dobutamine were infused and adjusted by steps carefully.Electrolytes and acid-base balance were maintained normal.With these hemodynamic parameters,BGA and systemic management,the anesthesia was managed safely and successfully.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-522941

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the mechanisms that contribute to lung injury in patients undergoing heart valve replacement with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) .Methods Eight HYHA grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ patients (4 males, 4 females) aged 47-67 years weighing 49.4-68.6 kg undergoing heart valve replacement with CPB were studied. The patients were premedicated with intramuscular morphine 0.1-0.2 mg?kg-1 and scopolamine 0.3 tng. Anesthesia was induced with midazolam 0.05-0.1 mg? kg-1 , fentanyl 15-20 ?g?kg-1 and pipecuronium 0.1 mg?kg-1 and maintained with intermittent Ⅳ boluses of midazolam 0.05 mg?kg-1 , fentanyl 10-30?g?kg-1 and pipecuronium 2 mg. Swan-Ganz catheter was placed via internal jugular vein after induction of anesthesia. Operation was performed under mild hypothermic (28-32℃) CPB. Blood samples were taken from radial and pulmonary artery for blood gas analysis and determination of neutrophil (PMN) counts, plasma TNFa and LPO concentrations and SOD activity prior to CPB (T0), 5 min after venae cava declamping (T1) and at the end of CPB (T2) and operation (T3 ) . The differences in the variables measured between pulmonary artery and vein were calculated to show the PMN entrapped, TNFa produced, SOD depleted and LPO released in the lungs. The alveolar-arterial oxygen tension difference (PA-aDO2) and intrapulmonary shunt( QS/QT)were calculated. Lung ischemia time was defined as the duration between occlusion and release of vena cava superior and inferior. Results The mean lung ischemia time was (97?21)min. MPAP, PVRI, PA-a.DO2 and QS/QT significantly increased after CPB, while PaO2/FiO2 and lung compliance significantly decreased compared with those before CPB (P

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL