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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811629

ABSTRACT

Viruses infect host cells by binding to receptors on thesurface of cells. Receptor is an important factor affecting host range and interspecific transmission. In December 2019, an outbreak of unexplained pneumonia occurred in Wuhan, Hubei province. The pathogen was a new coronavirus, named 2019 NovelCoronavirus (2019-nCoV) by WHO. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) was found to be the receptor of 2019-nCoV.This review provides a brief overview of human coronavirus receptors and their applications, with a view to providing references for the tracing, cross-species transmission, epidemiological analysis and antiviral and vaccine studies of 2019-nCoV.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871887

ABSTRACT

Viruses infect host cells by binding to receptors on their surfaces of cells. Receptor is an important factor affecting host range and interspecific transmission. In December 2019, an outbreak of unexplained pneumonia occurred in Wuhan, Hubei province. The pathogen was a new coronavirus, named 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) by WHO. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) was found to be the receptor of 2019-nCoV. This review provides a brief overview of human coronavirus receptors and their applications, with a view to providing references for the tracing, cross-species transmission, epidemiological analysis and antiviral and vaccine studies of 2019-nCoV.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871869

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the alterations and clinical significance of serum calcium binding protein S100A8/A9 and soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).Methods:Enzyme-linked immonosorbent assay was established to detect serum levels of S100A8/A9 and sRAGE in 203 patients with COPD[male166, female 37, aged 52-92 years, average years(69.72±9.079)] and in 41 smoking elderly non-COPD patients[male 35,female 6, aged 55-89 years, average years(68.66±8.74)], and 167 non-smoking healthy subjects as the control group[male 132, female 35, aged 57-92 years, average years(69.13±7.21)] from April 2018 to January 2019. The relationship between the S100A8/A9, sRAGE and clinical biomarkers [the percentage of fored expiratory volume in one second(FEV 1) in the predicted value, FEV 1/fored vital capacity(FVC), neutrophile granulocyte(NEU)%, pack-year] were investigated. The diagnostic value of S100A8/A9, sRAGE and their combined detection for COPD was analyzed using the subject operating characteristic curve. Results:The serum S100A8/A9 level [(2.70±1.11)μg/ml] in COPD patients was significantly higher than that in the smoking control group [(1.65±0.63) μg/ml] and the non-smoking control group[(0.99±0.48)μg/ml], t=5.807, P<0.000 1; t=18.45, P<0.000 1. The serum S100A8/A9 levels in patients with COPD[GOLD Ⅰ(2.08±1.08) μg/ml, GOLDⅡ (2.58±1.06) μg/ml, GOLD Ⅲ (2.69±1.12) μg/ml, GOLDⅣ (2.95±1.10)μg/ml] were significantly higher than the non-smoking control group(0.99±0.48)μg/ml, t=6.616, P<0.000 1; t=14.56, P<0.000 1; t=17.10, P<0.000 1; t=18.09, P<0.000 1.The serum sRAGE level [(0.29±0.25)ng/ml] in COPD patients was significantly higher than that in the smoking control group[(0.60±0.24)ng/ml] and the non-smoking control group[(0.85±0.35)ng/ml], t=7.367, P<0.000 1; t=18.14, P<0.000 1. The serum sRAGE levels in patients with COPD[GOLD Ⅰ(0.46±0.40),GOLDⅡ (0.28±0.25),GOLD Ⅲ (0.29±0.25),GOLD Ⅳ (0.25±0.19)ng/ml] were significantly lower compared with non-smoking control group[(0.85±0.35)ng/ml], t=3.459, P=0.000 5; t=10.23, P<0.000 1; t=13.95, P<0.000 1; t=11.70, P<0.000 1. Serum S100A8/A9 levels were positively correlated with smoking amount and NEU% ( r=0.458 5, P<0.000 1; r=0.228 3, P=0.001 1), negatively correlated with FEV 1/FVC, the percentage of FEV 1 in the predicted value, and sRAGE( r=-0.190 6, P=0.006 4; r=-0.186 3, P=0.007 8; r=-0.201 7, P=0.003 9). sRAGE levels were negatively correlated with NEU% ( r=-0.155 9, P=0.026 4). In the ROC curve, the area under the curve of S100A8/A9, sRAGE and combined detection were 0.922[95 %CI(0.897-0.947)], 0.926[95 %CI(0.899-0.952)]and 0.966 [95 %CI(0.950-0.983)], respectively. Conclusion:S100A8/A9 and sRAGE are closely correlated with the degree of airflow constrains and the levels of serum inflammatory mediators, which are expected to be as potential biomarkers of COPD.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799472

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the alterations and clinical significance of serum calcium binding protein S100A8/A9 and soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).@*Methods@#Enzyme-linked immonosorbent assay was established to detect serum levels of S100A8/A9 and sRAGE in 203 patients with COPD[male166, female 37, aged 52-92 years, average years(69.72±9.079)] and in 41 smoking elderly non-COPD patients[male 35,female 6, aged 55-89 years, average years(68.66±8.74)], and 167 non-smoking healthy subjects as the control group[male 132, female 35, aged 57-92 years, average years(69.13±7.21)] from April 2018 to January 2019. The relationship between the S100A8/A9, sRAGE and clinical biomarkers [the percentage of fored expiratory volume in one second(FEV1) in the predicted value, FEV1/fored vital capacity(FVC), neutrophile granulocyte(NEU)%, pack-year] were investigated. The diagnostic value of S100A8/A9, sRAGE and their combined detection for COPD was analyzed using the subject operating characteristic curve.@*Results@#The serum S100A8/A9 level [(2.70±1.11)μg/ml] in COPD patients was significantly higher than that in the smoking control group [(1.65±0.63) μg/ml] and the non-smoking control group[(0.99±0.48)μg/ml], t=5.807, P<0.000 1; t=18.45, P<0.000 1. The serum S100A8/A9 levels in patients with COPD[GOLD Ⅰ(2.08±1.08) μg/ml, GOLDⅡ (2.58±1.06) μg/ml, GOLD Ⅲ (2.69±1.12) μg/ml, GOLDⅣ (2.95±1.10)μg/ml] were significantly higher than the non-smoking control group(0.99±0.48)μg/ml, t=6.616, P<0.000 1; t=14.56, P<0.000 1; t=17.10, P<0.000 1; t=18.09, P<0.000 1.The serum sRAGE level [(0.29±0.25)ng/ml] in COPD patients was significantly higher than that in the smoking control group[(0.60±0.24)ng/ml] and the non-smoking control group[(0.85±0.35)ng/ml], t=7.367, P<0.000 1; t=18.14, P<0.000 1. The serum sRAGE levels in patients with COPD[GOLD Ⅰ(0.46±0.40),GOLDⅡ (0.28±0.25),GOLD Ⅲ (0.29±0.25),GOLD Ⅳ (0.25±0.19)ng/ml] were significantly lower compared with non-smoking control group[(0.85±0.35)ng/ml], t=3.459, P=0.000 5; t=10.23, P<0.000 1; t=13.95, P<0.000 1; t=11.70, P<0.000 1. Serum S100A8/A9 levels were positively correlated with smoking amount and NEU% (r=0.458 5, P<0.000 1; r=0.228 3, P=0.001 1), negatively correlated with FEV1/FVC, the percentage of FEV1 in the predicted value, and sRAGE(r=-0.190 6, P=0.006 4; r=-0.186 3, P=0.007 8; r=-0.201 7, P=0.003 9). sRAGE levels were negatively correlated with NEU% (r=-0.155 9, P=0.026 4). In the ROC curve, the area under the curve of S100A8/A9, sRAGE and combined detection were 0.922[95%CI(0.897-0.947)], 0.926[95%CI(0.899-0.952)]and 0.966 [95%CI(0.950-0.983)], respectively.@*Conclusion@#S100A8/A9 and sRAGE are closely correlated with the degree of airflow constrains and the levels of serum inflammatory mediators, which are expected to be as potential biomarkers of COPD.

5.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 543-547, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707886

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of F-actin autoantibodies in the serum of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE),and to explore the relationships between F-actin autoantibodies and other clinical indicators.Methods ELISA was established to detect serum levels of F-actin autoantibodies in 93 inpatients with SLE from March 2017 to January 2018 (case group,n=93),72 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (disease control group) and 83 healthy subjects (healthy control group) were included during the same period.The positive rates of F-actin autoantibodies between the case group and the two control group were compared.Clinical data including SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI),immuno-globulin (lg)G,erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR),anti-dsDNA,and antinuclear antibody (ANA) of 93 patients with SLE were collected and the correlation analysis between F-actin autoantibodies units was applied respectively.The diagnostic performance of F-actin autoantibodies in SLE was analyzed by using the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC).T test,Chi-square test and Spearman/Pearson correlation analysis were applied for statistical analysis.Results The serum levels of F-actin autoantibodies in the SLE case group,disease control group,and healthy control group were (18±13),(12±6),and (11±5) U,respectively,the differences between SLE case group and disease control group,and healthy control group were significant (t=3.163,P=0.001 9;t=4.436,P<0.01).The positive rates of F-actin autoantibodies were 33%(31/93) in patients with SLE,10%(7/72) in disease control group,and 4%(3/83) in healthy control group.The F-actin autoanti-bodies units in SLE were correlated with SLEDAI,IgG,ESR,anti-dsDNA,and ANA (r=0.273 7,P=0.008 3;r=0.558 7,P<0.01;r=0.419 9,P=0.000 1,r=0.351 4,P=0.001 1,r=0.460 9,P<0.01),in which F-actin autoantibodies units showed significant correlation with IgG and ANA.In the ROC curve,the area under the curve(AUC) was 0.62 [95%CI(0.54,0.70)],P=0.001 3.which was statistically significant.When the cut-off value of the F-actin autoantibodies was 14.04 U,the Youden's index (YI) was the largest (YI=0.30),and the sen-sitivity for the diagnosis of SLE was 0.77,the specificity was 0.53.Conclusion The positive rate of F-actin autoantibodies in the serum of patients with SLE is higher than that of RA and healthy controls,so it has certain diagnostic value for SLE.The F-actin autoantibodies units is correlated with both SLEDAI,ESR,and anti-dsDNA,suggesting that F-actin autoantibodies units may be a new biomarker for disease activity assessment of SLE patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491422

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a specific form of chronic, progressive, fibrosing interstitial pneumonia of unknown etiology , a median survival time of which is 2 to 3 years.The diagnosis and treatment are important for IPF in time.Krebs von den lungen-6(KL-6), Surfactant protein-A(SP-A) and Surfactant protein-D(SP-D) are acceptable biomarkers in clinical for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in Japan,which have shown good sensitivity at diagnosis IPF and predict the prognoses for patients with IPF . However , the differential diagnosis of IPF from other interstitial lung diseases is still challenging .Other biomarkers are being developed , one of which would have the best specificity and sensitivity at diagnosis IPF.Those biomarkers about pathogenesis of IPF includes alveolar epithelial cell dysfunction , fibrogenesis and immune dysregulation are shown .They are potential to account for underlying disease mechanisms , accelerated drug development and advance clinical management.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489056

ABSTRACT

Autoimmune blistering skin diseases are a group of organ-specific autoimmune disorders that are characterized by autoantibodies against desmosome and hemidesmosome which are structural proteins of the epidermis or the dermal-epidermal junction and clinically by blisters and erosions on skin and/or mucous membranes.According to the skin level at which the blister occurs and the structural proteins that the autoantibodies target,autoimmune blistering diseases can be categorized into intraepithelial blister group and subepidermal blister group.The treatment options and prognosis are different among the various diseases.Since clinical criteria and histopathological characteristics are not sufficient for an accurate diagnosis of autoimmune blistering skin diseases,direct immunofluorescence microscopy,indirect immunofluorescence microscopy,ELISA,immunoblotting and immunoprecipitation are needed for exact diagnosis.The detection of serum autoantibodies have been shown to correlate with disease activity and thus may be helpful in deciding treatment options for the patients.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473938

ABSTRACT

Objective To verify the performance of quantitative detection of interleukin-6 by using IMMUNITE1000 chemilumi-nescence analyzer.Methods According to the requirements of International Organization for Standardization(ISO)1 5 189,serum specimen were collected and levels of IL-6 were detected.The precision,accuracy,analytical measurement range,reportable range amd normal reference range of quantitative detection of interleukin-6 by using IMMUNITE1000 chemiluminescence analyzer were verified,and its performance was evaluated.Results The coefficient variation(CV)of between-day precision of high and low value was 6.42% and 1.97% respectively,and that of within-run precision was 3.40% and 3.82% respectively.Compared the test re-sults with the target values,the bias % was 0.91%.The regression equation:Y =0.986X - 7.1 (r 2 = 0.999,P < 0.05 ).With 27 times diluted,the recovery rate was from 97% to 100%,and the clinical reportable range was 2 to 27 000 pg/mL.The 95% refer-ence interval ranged from 0 to 5.3 pg/mL.Conclusion The performance of this system meets the manufacturer′s declaration,and could satisfy the quality requirements of clinical laboratory.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458705

ABSTRACT

Impaired clearance of apoptotic cells is important in the pathogenesis of autoimmune disease.C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute phase protein that plays a major role in the regulation of the autoimmune and inflammatory response .CRP has a role in the clearance of bacteria and dying and altered cells through binding to phosphocholine and might also have more complex immunomodulatory functions . CRP function as opsonins for pathogens and dying and apoptotic cells through activation of the complement pathway and through binding to Fcγreceptors , and is associated with the clearance of apoptotic cells and nuclear antigen , thus becoming a protective molecule against pathogenic autoimmune responses in general . Measurement of serum CRP level is in widespread clinical use as a sensitive marker of inflammation and autoimmune disease , particularly in relation to the use of the CRP-based disease activity score in the evaluation of rheumatoid disease.

10.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3505-3507, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457586

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigated the association of serum level of growth arrest-specific protein 6 (Gas6) with the disease activity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Methods The expression levels of Gas6 were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay in 102 SLE patients and 67 healthy persons; and statistical methods were used to analyze the expressions of Gas6 in the patients with different clinical symptoms. Results The expression of Gas6 was significantly higher in the SLE group [54.59 (2.41 ~ 614.93) ng/mL] than in the healthy control group [19.22 (15.06 ~ 384.93) ng/mL, P < 0.05]. And serum Gas6 levels were significantly higher in the patients with dsDNA (+) , renal disorder , rash and vasculitis than the patients without symptoms (P < 0.05). The expression of Gas6 was correlated with SLEDAI significantly (r = 0.569, P < 0.01). Conclusions Gas6 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of SLE and it is an effective biomarker for the disease activity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455407

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate clinical significance of plasma D-dimer (D-D),fibrinogen (FIB) and fibrin/fibrinogen degradation product (FDP) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods The level of plasma D-D,FIB and FDP in 150 patients with COPD and 80 healthy persons were detected,and compared.Results The level of plasma D-D,FIB and FDP in COPD patients were significantly higher than those in healthy persons[(2.16 ± 0.61) mg/L vs.(0.55 ± 0.04) mg/L,(5.88 ± 1.52) g/L vs.(3.12 ± 0.35) g/L,(7.18 ± 1.63) mg/L vs.(3.62 ± 1.55) mg/L],there were significant differences (P < 0.01).Conclusion Monitoring the level of plasma D-D,FIB and FDP in COPD patients can provide reliable basis in hypercoagulable state and primary and secondary hyperfibrinolysis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 205-209, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403262

ABSTRACT

Objective:Ghrelin is a brain-gut peptide with GH-releasing,apetide-inducing and anti-inflammation activities and with widespread tissue distribution.Ghrelin is the endogenous ligand of GH secretagogue receptor (GHSR),and both ghrelin and the GHSR are expressed in T cells.We therefore examined the effect of Ghrelin on human T cell and its signal transduction.Methods:Ghrelin-activating mTOR pathway in human primary T cell was studied using immunoblotting and inhibitors of the PI3K(LY294002,3-Methyladenine) or mTOR(rapamycin) and antagonist of GHSR1a(Des-Lys-3-GHRP6).Results:The results showed that GHSR1a was expressed on T cells.Ghrelin caused a significant increase in the phosphorylated mTOR,P70S6K,S6K,4E-BP-1,eIF4G,eIF4E by immunoblotting.While the phosphorylated mTOR,P70S6K were abolished by the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin and PI3K inhibitor LY294002,3-methyladenine and also antagonist of GHSR1a,Des-Lys-3-GHRP6.Conclusion:The data document that Ghrelin activates translation of T cells through mTOR pathway.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383791

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the peptides that can mimic the blood type A antigen and evaluate the anti-A antibody detection value of these peptides.Methods The anti-A monoclonal antibodv (NaM87-1F6)was used to panning the phage clones from a phage display 12-mer peptide library.Positive clones were identified by phage ELISA,phage mieropanning methods.Phage DNA Was sequenced and the corresponding peptide sequences were deduced.Agglutination inhibition test WaS performed to assess the ability of phage clones to inhibit the binding between the type A red blood cell and the anti-A antibody. ABO-ELISA based on the selected peptides was compared with classical haemagglutination test jn the detection of senlm anti-A antibody.Results Seven positive clones were chosen after panning,phage ELISA and phage micropanning.Six clones displayed peptide EYWYCGMNRTGC(C5),the other one displayed peptide QIWYERTLPFTF(C17).The phages displaying the selected peptides could specifically inhibit agglutination of type A red blood cells(RBCs)by anti-A antibodies.In the ABO-ELISA based on C5 and C17,the receiver operating characteristic(ROC)Curve showed that area under curve(AUC)were 0.889 (P=0.000),0.75l(P=0.000)respectively.The Spearman correlation Coeffieient between the ABO-EliSA value and the antibody titer derived from haemagglutination assay were 0.743(P<0.01),0.664(P<0.01)respectively.As for C5,0.300 was the best cut-off for ABO-ELISA with 82.2% sensitivity and 83.3% specificity.As for C17,the sensitivity and specificity of ABO-ELISA was 68.9% and 63.3% respectively when the cut-off value was 0.250.Conclusions The peptides EYWYCGMNRTGC and QIWYERTLPFTF can mimic the blood type A antigenic epitope.ABO-ELISA based on these peptides has the potential for the detection of anti-A antibody.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634651

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate peptide mimics of carbohydrate blood group A antigen, a phage display 12-mer peptide library was screened with a monoclonal antibody against blood group A antigen, NaM87-1F6. The antibody-binding properties of the selected phage peptides were evaluated by phage ELISA and phage capture assay. The peptides were co-expressed as glutathione S-transferase (GST) fusion proteins. RBC agglutination inhibition assay was performed to assess the natural blood group A antigen-mimicking ability of the fusion proteins. The results showed that seven phage clones selected bound to NaM87-1F6 specifically, among which, 6 clones bore the same peptide sequence, EYWYCGMNRTGC and another harbored a different one QIWYERTLPFTF. The two peptides were successfully expressed at the N terminal of GST protein. Both of the fusion proteins inhibited the RBC agglutination mediated by anti-A serum in a concentration-dependent manner. These results suggested that the fusion proteins based on the selected peptides could mimic the blood group A antigen and might be used as anti-A antibody-adsorbing materials when immunoabsorption was applied in ABO incompatible transplantation.


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Bacteriophages , Blood Group Antigens/chemistry , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epitopes/chemistry , Glutathione Transferase/metabolism , Peptide Library , Peptides/chemistry , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/chemistry
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634577

ABSTRACT

Outwardly rectifying swelling-activated chloride conductance (ICl,Swell) in rabbit heart plays a critical role in cardioprotection following ischemic preconditioning (IP). But the functional characterization and molecular basis of this chloride conductance in rabbit heart ventricular myocytes is not clear. Candidate chloride channel clones (e.g. ClC-2, ClC-3, ClC-4 and ClC-5) were determined using RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Whole cell ICl,Swell was recorded from isolated rabbit ventricular myocytes using patch clamp techniques during hypo-osmotic stress. The inhibitory effects of 4,4' isothiocyanato-2,2-disulfonic acid (DIDS), 5-nitro-2(3-phenylroylamino) benzoic acid (NPPB) and indanyloxyacetic acid 94 (IAA-94) on ICl,Swell were examined. The expected size of PCR products for ClC-2, ClC-3 and ClC-4 but not for ClC-5 was obtained. ClC-2 and ClC-3 expression was confirmed by automated fluorescent DNA sequencing. RT-PCR and Western blot showed that ClC-4 was expressed in abundance and ClC-2 was expressed at somewhat lower levels. The biological and pharmacological properties of I(Cl,Swell), including outward rectification, activation due to cell volume change, sensitivity to DIDS, IAA-94 and NPPB were identical to those known properties of ICl,Swell in exogenously expressed systems and other mammals hearts. It was concluded that ClC-3 or ClC-4 might be responsible for the outwardly rectifying part of ICl,Swell and may be the molecular targets of cardioprotection associated with ischemic preconditioning or hypo-osmotic shock.


Subject(s)
Biophysics/methods , Chlorides/chemistry , Chlorides/metabolism , DNA Primers/chemistry , Electrophysiology/methods , Gene Expression Regulation , Glycolates/pharmacology , Heart Ventricles/cytology , Ischemic Preconditioning , Muscle Cells/cytology , Osmosis , Sequence Analysis, DNA
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266358

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the value of combined detection of atypical lymphocytes (ATL) and transaminase (alanine aminotransferase, ALT; asparate aminotransferase, AST) in the diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis (IM), The data of blood routine and liver function were collected from 54 IM patients, 34 acute hepatitis (AH) patients, 44 upper respiratory infection (URI) patients in Union Hospital during March 2002 to March 2005. Same data were also collected from 40 healthy children as normal control. These data were analyzed retrospectively. Both proportion of atypical lymphocytes and enzyme activity of transaminase were elevated simultaneously (ALT>40 IU/L,AST>45 IU/L) in 57.4% (31/54) IM patients. There was significant difference (P<0.01) between IM group and the other groups. Combined detection of atypical lymphocytes and transaminase can be regarded as a diagnostic marker of infectious mononucleosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-588604

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to establish a new method for genotyping ATP7B Arg778Leu gene mutation that does not require RFLP PCR or sequencing.Method 4-primer amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS)-PCR was performed to screen the Arg778Leu mutation in 47 unrelated Wilson's disease (WD) patients and 30 unrelated healthy controls.Direct sequencing was used to confirm the specific amplification products.Results PCR products were visualized on agarose gel electrophoresis.Among the 47 WD patients,4 were homozygous and 14 were heterozygous for this mutation.The total mutation rate was 38.3% (18/47).The results of direct sequencing completely consisted with the results of 4-primer ARMS-PCR.Conclusions The ATP7B Arg778Leu gene mutation is a hot spot for the research of Chinese WD patients.4-primer ARMS-PCR is a fast convenient and accurate method for typing mutation in high throughput population screening.This approach can be used to detect other point mutations.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634397

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the value of combined detection of atypical lymphocytes (ATL) and transaminase (alanine aminotransferase, ALT; asparate aminotransferase, AST) in the diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis (IM), The data of blood routine and liver function were collected from 54 IM patients, 34 acute hepatitis (AH) patients, 44 upper respiratory infection (URI) patients in Union Hospital during March 2002 to March 2005. Same data were also collected from 40 healthy children as normal control. These data were analyzed retrospectively. Both proportion of atypical lymphocytes and enzyme activity of transaminase were elevated simultaneously (ALT > 40 IU/L, AST > 45 IU/L) in 57.4% (31/54) IM patients. There was significant difference (P < 0.01) between IM group and the other groups. Combined detection of atypical lymphocytes and transaminase can be regarded as a diagnostic marker of infectious mononucleosis.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236567

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate whether Arg110Gln polymorphism in the coding region of the IL-13 gene is associated with asthma and total plasma IgE level in Han nationality in Hubei Chinese population, the allele frequency of 4257(g/a) site and Arg110Gln genotype of IL-13 was detected by using restriction fragment length polymorphism in Han nationality in Hubei Chinese population including 43 asthmatic children, 45 asthmatic adults, 31 control children and 46 control adults. Total plasma IgE was measured by Chemiluminescence assay. The results showed that the frequency of allele A at 4257 bp of IL-13 in children and adults was 0.39 and 0.32, respectively. The GlnGln form of Arg110Gln polymorphism of IL-13 gene was associated with susceptibility of asthma and elevated total plasma IgE in children (P=0.030 and 0.0009, respectively), but not with them in adults (P=0.219 and 0.174, respectively). Our results suggest that the Arg110Gln polymorphism of IL-13 gene is associated with susceptibility of asthma and elevated total plasma IgE in Chinese children of Han nationality in Hubei, but not with them in adults.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asthma , Genetics , China , Ethnology , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5 , Genetics , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Interleukin-13 , Genetics , Male , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetics
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634141

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate whether Arg110Gln polymorphism in the coding region of the IL-13 gene is associated with asthma and total plasma IgE level in Han nationality in Hubei Chinese population, the allele frequency of 4257(g/a) site and Arg110Gln genotype of IL-13 was detected by using restriction fragment length polymorphism in Han nationality in Hubei Chinese population including 43 asthmatic children, 45 asthmatic adults, 31 control children and 46 control adults. Total plasma IgE was measured by Chemiluminescence assay. The results showed that the frequency of allele A at 4257 bp of IL-13 in children and adults was 0.39 and 0.32, respectively. The GlnGln form of Arg110Gln polymorphism of IL-13 gene was associated with susceptibility of asthma and elevated total plasma IgE in children (P=0.030 and 0.0009, respectively), but not with them in adults (P=0.219 and 0.174, respectively). Our results suggest that the Arg110Gln polymorphism of IL-13 gene is associated with susceptibility of asthma and elevated total plasma IgE in Chinese children of Han nationality in Hubei, but not with them in adults.


Subject(s)
Asthma/genetics , China/ethnology , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Interleukin-13/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics
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