Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 10 de 10
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822568

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the predictive value of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) on pulmonary nodules in people aged less than 50 years. Methods    The 147 patients with pulmonary nodules and aged less than 50 years who were treated in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Sichuan Cancer Hospital from August 1, 2019 to January 15, 2020 were divided into a lung cancer group and a lung benign disease group. The lung cancer group included 36 males and 68 females, with the age of 27-49 (43.54±5.73) years. The benign lung disease group included 23 males and 20 females, with the age of 22-49 (42.49±6.83) years. Clinical data and exhaled breath samples were collected prospectively from the two groups. Exhaled breath VOCs were analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to select variables and establish a prediction model. The sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of the prediction model were calculated. Results    There were statistically significant differences in sex (P=0.034), smoking history (P=0.047), cyclopentane (P=0.002), 3-methyl pentane (P=0.043) and ethylbenzene (P=0.009) between the two groups. The sensitivity, specificity and area under the ROC curve of the prediction model with gender, cyclopentane, 3-methyl pentane, ethylbenzene and N,N-dimethylformamide as variables were 80.8%, 60.5% and 0.781, respectively. Conclusion    The combination of VOCs and clinical characteristics has a certain predictive value for the benign and malignant pulmonary nodules in people aged less than 50 years.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871640

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of corona virus disease 2019(COVID 19), the epidemic has spread rapidly, which brings great challenge to the surgical diagnosis, treatment and management of lung neoplasm Sichuan International Medical Exchange &Promotion Association organized thoracic surgery experts to sum up experiences from experts in major hospital, and formulated the Guidance suggestion on surgical diagnosis, treatment and management of lung neoplasm during the outbreak of COVID-19 to provide references for thoracic surgeons.

3.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 235-238, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776313

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Bronchial pleural fistula (BPF) is a common complication after thoracic surgery for lung resection. Clinical treatment is complex and the effect is poor. The treatment of BPF after lung resection has plagued thoracic surgeons. We reviewed retrospectively the clinical and follow-up data of 6 patients in our hospital who underwent the omentum transplantation in thorax to cover bronchial stump as treatment of BPF after pulmonary resection to analyze why BPF occurs and describe this treatment method. We intend to discuss and evaluate the feasibility, safety and small sample success rate ofthis treatment method.@*METHODS@#During August 2016 to February 2018, six patients in our hospital underwent remedial open thoracotomy and omentum transplantation in pleura space to cover bronchial stump as treatment of bronchopleural fistula after pulmonary resection. Four patients had undergone a prior pneumonectomy and two patients had undergone a prior lobectomy (the residual lungs were resected with the main bronchus cut by endoscopic stapler during the reoperation). The bronchial stumps were sutured by 4-0 string with needle and covered by omentums, which were transplanted in pleura space from the cardiophrenic angle. Postoperatively, the pleura space was irrigated and drained. Summarize the clinical effect and technique learning points.@*RESULTS@#The patients were all males, aged 61 to 73 years (median age: 66). BPF occurred from postoperative day 10 to 45 (median postoperative day 25). The reoperation was finished in 80 mins-150 mins (median 110 mins). Total blood loss was 200 mL-1,000 mL (median 450 mL). These patients were discharged on postoperative day 12-17 (median 14 days), and there was no more complications associated with bronchopleural fistula. All six patients' bronchial stumps were well closed (100%) and have recovered well during the follow-up period, which lasted 1 month-18 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Remedial operation should be performed as soon as possible when BPF after pulmonary resection diagnosed. Excellent prognoses can be achieved by omentum which is easy to get transplanted in thorax to cover bronchial stump as treatment in patients with BPF after pulmonary resection those who can tolerate reoperation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bronchi , General Surgery , Bronchial Fistula , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Lung , General Surgery , Lung Neoplasms , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Omentum , Transplantation , Pleura , General Surgery , Pleural Diseases , General Surgery , Pneumonectomy , Postoperative Complications , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Thoracotomy
4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 683-686, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661648

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney of unilateral nephrectomy patients.Methods 1048 patients,including 596 males and 452 females,underwent unilateral nephrectomy from June 2010 to June 2016.Their age ranged from 16-87 years old (mean 58.7 years old).532 patients combined with components of metabolic syndrome and 213 patients with metabolic syndrome.164 patients had a previous history of urolithiasis.The incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney after nephrectomy was recorded and analyzed.The urolithiasis incidences in different gender,age,comorbidity and history of urolithiasis patients after uninephrectomy were compared.Results All patients were followed up within 0.5 to 6 years (mean 3.2 years).89 patients suffered from urinary stones in the contralateral kidney after uninephrectomy.The incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney was 8.5% (89/1048),which was higher than that in general population of China.1%-5%.The urolithiasis incidence was 9.1% (54/596)in male patients and 7.7% (35/452)in female patients after nephrectomy.The incidence of urinary stone formation was 8.6% (3/35)in patients aged under 30 years old,12.5% (34/272) in patients aged 30-49 years old,7.3% (37/504) in patients aged 50-69 years old,6.3% (15/237)in patients aged 70 and over.The incidence of urinary stone formation was 12.2% (65/532) in patients with components of metabolic syndrome after nephrectomy and 19.7% (42/213) in patients with metabolic syndrome,while the incidence was 4.7% (24/516)in patients without components of metabolic syndrome.In patients with history of urolithiasis,the incidence was up to 30.5% (50/164) after nephrectomy,while 4.4% (39/884)in patients without history of urolithiasis.Conclusions The incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney of uninephrectomy patients was higher,especially in patients with metabolic syndrome or urolithiasis history.Patients after unilateral nephrectomy are more vulnerable to urolithiasis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 683-686, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658729

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney of unilateral nephrectomy patients.Methods 1048 patients,including 596 males and 452 females,underwent unilateral nephrectomy from June 2010 to June 2016.Their age ranged from 16-87 years old (mean 58.7 years old).532 patients combined with components of metabolic syndrome and 213 patients with metabolic syndrome.164 patients had a previous history of urolithiasis.The incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney after nephrectomy was recorded and analyzed.The urolithiasis incidences in different gender,age,comorbidity and history of urolithiasis patients after uninephrectomy were compared.Results All patients were followed up within 0.5 to 6 years (mean 3.2 years).89 patients suffered from urinary stones in the contralateral kidney after uninephrectomy.The incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney was 8.5% (89/1048),which was higher than that in general population of China.1%-5%.The urolithiasis incidence was 9.1% (54/596)in male patients and 7.7% (35/452)in female patients after nephrectomy.The incidence of urinary stone formation was 8.6% (3/35)in patients aged under 30 years old,12.5% (34/272) in patients aged 30-49 years old,7.3% (37/504) in patients aged 50-69 years old,6.3% (15/237)in patients aged 70 and over.The incidence of urinary stone formation was 12.2% (65/532) in patients with components of metabolic syndrome after nephrectomy and 19.7% (42/213) in patients with metabolic syndrome,while the incidence was 4.7% (24/516)in patients without components of metabolic syndrome.In patients with history of urolithiasis,the incidence was up to 30.5% (50/164) after nephrectomy,while 4.4% (39/884)in patients without history of urolithiasis.Conclusions The incidence of urinary stone formation in the contralateral kidney of uninephrectomy patients was higher,especially in patients with metabolic syndrome or urolithiasis history.Patients after unilateral nephrectomy are more vulnerable to urolithiasis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489145

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics and risk factors of abdominal lymph node metastasis in thoracic esophageal squamous cell cancer.Methods The clinical data of 586 patients with thoracic esophageal cancer who underwent surgery via transabdominal and transthoracic approaches between June 2009 and June 2014 at the Sichuan Cancer Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.All the patients received resection of esophageal cancer and lymph node dissection, and the transabdominal right thoracic approach or cervico-thoracicabdominal triple incision was selected according to the condition of patients.No.18, 19, 20 lymph nodes were dissected seperately and No.16, 17 and lesser curvature lymph nodes were separated.All the specimens of lymph nodes were detected by regular pathological examination.Measurement data with normal distribution were presented as x ± s and count data were described as rate.Comparisons of rate between 2 specimens and among the multiple specimens were respectively analyzed using the chi-square test and partition of chi-squared.The multivariate analysis was done using the logistic regression.Results The number of lymph node dissected in 586 patients was 12 524 with an average number of 20 ± 11 per case, and the rate of lymph node metastasis was 55.63% (326/586).The number of mediastinal lymph node dissected was 7 012 with an average number of 12 ± 5 per case, and a rate of mediastinal lymph node metastasis was 40.96% (240/586).The number of abdominal lymph node dissected was 5 512 with an average number of 9 ± 8 per case, and a metastasis rate was 31.74% (186/586).The abdominal lymph node metastasis rate of the upper, middle and lower thoracic esophageal cancer were 13.73% (14/102), 31.51% (92/292) and 41.67% (80/192), respectively, showing a significant difference among the above 3 indexes (x2 =25.91, P < 0.05).The lymph node metastasis rate in No.16, 17, 18,19, 20 and lesser curvature lymph nodes were 12.80% (75/586), 16.89% (99/586), 1.71% (10/586),0.68% (4/586), 1.71% (10/586) and 2.05% (12/586), respectively, with a significant difference among the above 6 indexes (x2 =287.95, P < 0.05).The results of univariate analysis showed that the tumor location,surgical procedure, T stage, N stage, G stage, pathological stage and mediastinal lymph node metastasis were risk factors affecting abdominal lymph node metastasis of thoracic esophageal cancer (x2 =24.02, 23.97, 37.87,136.85, 38.79, 7.70, 154.27, P < 0.05).The tumor in the lower thoracic portion, N3 stage and stage Ⅳ were independent risk factors affecting abdominal lymph node metastasis of thoracic esophageal cancer in the multivariate analysis (RR =5.80, 2.36, 2.76, 95% confidence interval: 1.022-1.813, 1.317-3.950, 1.652-12.351, P < 0.05).Conclusions Abdominal lymph node metastasis is common in thoracic esophageal cancer in which No.16 and 17 lymph nodes predominate, and it is easy to occur in patients with lower thoracic esophageal cancer, and advanced N stage and pathological type.

7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 863-866, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272274

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Thoracoscopic esophagectomy has gained worldwide popularity. This study compared the perioperative outcomes and lymphadenectomy after thoracoscopic esophagectomy in semi prone position and open esophagectomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-two consecutive patients after thoracoscopic esophagectomy were compared with 62 patients who underwent open esophagectomy. Outcomes included surgical time, blood loss, length of hospital stay, 30-day mortality, complications and gained lymph nodes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean length of hospital stay of the thoracoscopic group was 12.4 ± 7.4 days, and 13.6 ± 6.7 days in the open esophagectomy group (P > 0.05). The median total operation time and median thoracic operation time were 270 and 130 min, the median total blood loss and median thoracic blood loss were 300 and 180 ml in the thoracoscopic group, while the results in open esophagectomy group were 290, 150 min and 300, 180 ml. The median total operation time and median thoracic operation time were of statistically significant difference (P < 0.01). But there were no significant differences between the two groups in total blood loss and thoracic blood loss (P > 0.05) . The numbers of obtained lymph nodes in the thoracoscopic group and open esophagectomy group were 20.5 and 16.9 (P < 0.01). Among them, the median numbers of mediastinal lymph nodes in the thoracoscopic group and open esophagectomy group were 12.4 and 8.8, the left recurrent laryngeal nerve lymph nodes were 1.8 and 1.0, and the right recurrent laryngeal nerve lymph nodes were 2.9 and 1.2 (P < 0.01 for all). There were 8 positive recurrent laryngeal nerve lymph nodes (12.9%) in the thoracoscopic group, while 5 in the open esophagectomy group (8.1%, P > 0.05). There were no peri-operative period death, heavy bleeding, or thoracic gastric fistula in both groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Thoracoscopic esophagectomy in semi prone position may achieve good surgical field exposure, therefore, to make esophagectomy, lymph node dissection and digestive tract reconstruction possible. These findings suggest that with further technical refinement, thoracoscopic esophagectomy may have the upper hand on reducing postoperative complications and performing mediastinal lymph node dissection.</p>


Subject(s)
Esophageal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Esophagectomy , Humans , Length of Stay , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , General Surgery , Mediastinum , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Prone Position , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve , Thoracoscopy
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 504-507, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314680

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy between total ureterectomy and partial ureterectomy in treatment of ureteral carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data and follow-up results of 102 patients with ureteral urothelial carcinoma from August 1996 to August 2011 were analyzed retrospectively. According to surgical procedures, the patients were divided into total ureterectomy group (61 cases) and partial ureterectomy group (41 cases). The subsequent bladder cancer incidence, ureteral carcinoma recurrence rate, distant metastasis rate and survival rate were compared between two groups. The prognostic factors of ureteral carcinoma were analyzed by multivariable Cox regression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nineteen patients (31.1%) suffered subsequent bladder cancer in total ureterectomy group, and 10 (24.4%) in partial ureterectomy group(χ² = 0.550, P = 0.458). Ten patients (16.4%) re-suffered contralateral ureteral carcinoma in total ureterectomy group, and 6 (14.6%) in partial ureterectomy group, 2 (4.9%) ipsilateral and 4 (9.7%) contralateral (χ² = 0.057, P = 0.811). Eight patients (13.1%) occurred distant metastasis in total ureterectomy group, and 3 (7.3%) in partial ureterectomy group (χ² = 0.360, P = 0.549). Twenty patients died of carcinoma in total ureterectomy group, and 18 in partial ureterectomy group. The median survival time was 78 months in total ureterectomy group, and 75 months in partial ureterectomy group. The 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates in total ureterectomy group were 97.8%, 76.8% and 63.6%, and in partial ureterectomy group were 93.0%, 66.9% and 58.8%. The multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that tumor stage (RR = 2.468, P = 0.009) and local lymph node status (RR = 3.081, P = 0.020) were independent prognostic factors of ureteral carcinoma. The 5-year survival rate of Ta-2 stage tumor was 73.4%, and of T3-4 stage was 42.8%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Tumor stage and local lymph node status are key prognostic factors of ureteral carcinoma. The efficacy between total ureterectomy and partial ureterectomy in treating early stage of low ureteral carcinoma is similar. Partial ureterectomy can be used in selective patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ureter , General Surgery , Ureteral Neoplasms , General Surgery
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435160

ABSTRACT

Objective This study was performed to assess the clinical feasibility of video-assisted mediastinoscopic lymphadenectomy in the treatment of resectable lung cancer.Methods Between March 2011 and May 2012,we retrospectively analyzed the data from 56 patients who underwent video-assisted mediastinoscopic lymphadenectomy(VAMLA).In patients receiving tumour resection subsequently,radicality of the previous mediastinoscopic dissection was controlled during thoracotomy.Results Mean operative time of video-assisted mediastinoscopic lymphadenectomy was(42.0 ± 13.5) min(range of 26-86 min).Mean number of resected lymph nodes was 12.4 ± 6.7 (range of 5-24).In video-assisted mediastinoscopic lymphadenectomy,the rates of lymph node dissection of stations 2,4,5,7,8 were 54.5%,92.7%,58.2%,100%,61.8%,respectively,there was no operative mortality and morbility.90.9% patients achieved radical dissection.Conclusion Video-assisted mediastinoscopic lymphadenectomy is a clinically feasible procedure and provides more accurate staging of mediastinal node in lung cancer patients.It also plays an important role in minimal invasive surgery and neoadjuvant therapy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339334

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The prevalence of lung cancer in the elder increases gradually recently, and lung cancer has become the main cause of cancer-related death. The aim of this study is to analyse the operative indication, complication, perioperative management and surgical measures, results and specificity for lung cancer in the elderly patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and thirty-seven elderly patients with lung can-cer, aged from 70 to 83 years old with mean age of 74 were analysed. Of the 137 cases, 13 patients were in the stage I, 76 in stage II, 48 in stage III. Surgical procedures included pneumonectomy for 4 patients, lobectomy for 122 patients, segmentectomy and wedge resection for 7 patients, sleeve lobectomy for 19 patients, bronchoplastic procedure and pulmonary artery reconstruction for 2 patients. Video-assisted thoracic surgery was performed in 13 cases for segmentectomy and wedge excision</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no operative death. The resection rate was 97.1%, and postoperative complication rate was 29.9%. The follow-up rate was 88.3% . The 1-, 2-, 3-year survival rate was 62%, 35%, 28% respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Elderly patients with lung cancer can obtain good therapeutic results and prognosis undergoing surgical therapy, but the operative indications will be limited. Exquisite surgical technique and application of respirator after operation may expand the operative indications.</p>

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL