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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 299-308, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992602

ABSTRACT

The acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults have a higher rate of neurological injury and early death compared with atlas or axial fractures alone. Currently, the diagnosis and treatment choices of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults are controversial because of the lack of standards for implementation. Non-operative treatments have a high incidence of bone nonunion and complications, while surgeries may easily lead to the injury of the vertebral artery, spinal cord and nerve root. At present, there are no evidence-based Chinese guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults. To provide orthopedic surgeons with the most up-to-date and effective information in treating acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults, the Spinal Trauma Group of Orthopedic Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized experts in the field of spinal trauma to develop the Evidence-based guideline for clinical diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults ( version 2023) by referring to the "Management of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults" published by American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS)/Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) in 2013 and the relevant Chinese and English literatures. Ten recommendations were made concerning the radiological diagnosis, stability judgment, treatment rules, treatment options and complications based on medical evidence, aiming to provide a reference for the diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 204-213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992589

ABSTRACT

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) combined with spinal fractures with thoracic and lumbar fracture as the most common type shows characteristics of unstable fracture, high incidence of nerve injury, high mortality and high disability rate. The diagnosis may be missed because it is mostly caused by low-energy injury, when spinal rigidity and osteoporosis have a great impact on the accuracy of imaging examination. At the same time, the treatment choices are controversial, with no relevant specifications. Non-operative treatments can easily lead to bone nonunion, pseudoarthrosis and delayed nerve injury, while surgeries may be failed due to internal fixation failure. At present, there are no evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of AS combined with thoracic and lumbar fracture. In this context, the Spinal Trauma Academic Group of Orthopedics Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized experts to formulate the Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of adult ankylosing spondylitis combined with thoracolumbar fracture ( version 2023) by following the principles of evidence-based medicine and systematically review related literatures. Ten recommendations on the diagnosis, imaging evaluation, classification and treatment of AS combined with thoracic and lumbar fracture were put forward, aiming to standardize the clinical diagnosis and treatment of such disorder.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 258-263, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933721

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognosis of hip fracture in elderly patients with dementia.Methods:From January 2012 to December 2017, 91 dementia patients aged (82.7±6.6)y (21 males and 70 females) with hip fracture were enrolled in the study; 91 non-dementia patients matched by age, gender and fracture type were selected as controls. There were 54 cases of intertrochanteric fracture and 37 cases of femoral neck fracture. The length of hospital stay, mortality within 30 days and 1 year, walking ability and risk of reoperation were compared between the two groups. The effect of dementia on the mortality after surgery was analyzed by adjusting confounding factors through multivariate logistic regression analysis.Results:There was no significant difference in the length of hospital stay between dementia group and non-dementia group [(13.95±7.33) vs.(12.63±8.68)d, t=1.12, P=0.266]. The incidence rate of perioperative complications in dementia group was higher than that in non-dementia group [63.7%(58/91) vs. 23.1%(21/91), χ 2 = 44.59, P<0.001]. The incidence of delirium in dementia group was higher than that in non-dementia group [35.3%(42/91) vs.13.2%(12/91), χ 2 = 5.71, P=0.017]. The incidence of pulmonary infection in dementia group was higher than that in non-dementia group [11.0%(10/91) vs. 2.2%(2/91), χ 2= 11.989, P<0.001]. There was no significant difference in 30-day fatality rate [7.7%(7/91) vs. 1.1%(1/91), χ 2= 3.27, P=0.071] between two groups; while the 1-year fatality rate in dementia group was higher than that in non-dementia group [27.5%(25/91) vs. 14.3%(13/91), χ 2= 4.79, P=0.029]. After adjusting for the differences of confounding factors between the two groups, dementia was an independent risk factor for 1-year mortality after hip fracture surgery ( OR = 1.852, 95 %CI:1.048-3.043, P= 0.022). For walking ability of 1 year after operation, 22 (33.3%) patients in dementia group walked independently, 38 (57.6%) patients partially walked independently, 6 (9.1%) patients were in bed; while in non-dementia group, 45 (57.7%) patients walked independently, 27 (34.6%) patients partially walked independently, 6 (7.7%) patients were in bed; there was significant difference between the two groups (χ 2= 8.82, P=0.012). There was no significant difference in reoperation rate between two groups [6.6%(6/91) vs. 5.5%(5/91), χ2=0.10, P=0.756]. Conclusion:Compared to non-dementia patients, dementia patients with hip fracture have poorer prognosis, higher incidence of perioperative complications, pulmonary infection and delirium, higher risk of mortality 1 year after operation, and poorer ability of independent walking.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 46-53, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932290

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the factors related to postoperative 1-year and 5-year mortalities in elderly patients with hip fracture plus chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the elderly patients with hip fracture who had sought medical attention at Department of Orthopaedics, The 7th Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from January 2012 to December 2016.Of them, 103 were complicated with COPD, and another 103 without COPD were selected as controls who were matched in age, gender and fracture site. The 2 groups were compared in terms of postoperative 30-day, 1-year and 5-year mortalities; the risk factors were explored for postoperative 1-year and 5-year mortalities in patients with hip fracture plus COPD.Results:The postoperative 30-day, 1-year and 5-year mortalities in the COPD group were 7.8%(8/103), 29.1%(30/103) and 48.5%(50/103), significantly higher than those in the control group except for the 30-day value [1.9%(2/103), 13.6%(14/103) and 31.1%(32/103)] ( P<0.05). Advanced age ( P=0.003), cardiovascular disease ( P=0.006), respiratory disease ( P=0.009), acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) ( P<0.01), American Society of anesthesiologists (ASA) grades Ⅲ+Ⅳ ( P=0.001), delayed surgery (>48 h) ( P=0.015), pre-injury activities of daily living (ADL) score ( P=0.002) and mobility ( P=0.010) were related to an increased risk for 1-year mortality after operation. Advanced age ( OR=1.106, 95% CI: 1.016 to 1.210, P=0.021), AECOPD ( OR=5.053, 95% CI: 1.520 to 16.800, P=0.008), and ASA grades Ⅲ+Ⅳ ( OR=1.657, 95% CI: 1.072 to 3.912, P=0.040) were the risk factors for 5-year mortality in patients with COPD; pre-injury ADL ( OR=0.974, 95% CI: 0.987 to 0.967, P=0.043) was negatively correlated with 5-year mortality. Conclusions:COPD can significantly increase the short-term and long-term mortalities in elderly patients with hip fracture.Cardiovascular disease, AECOPD and ASA grades Ⅲ+Ⅳ are factors related to postoperative 1-year mortality in patients with hip fracture plus COPD. Advanced age, AECOPD and ASA grades Ⅲ+Ⅳ and delayed surgery (>48 h) are risk factors for postoperative 5-year mortality in patients with hip fracture plus COPD. ADL score before injury is negatively correlated with postoperative 1-year and 5-year mortalities.

5.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 173-182, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925084

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) show considerable promise in regenerative medicine. Many studies demonstrated that BMSCs cultured in vitro were highly heterogeneous and composed of diverse cell subpopulations, which may be the basis of their multiple biological characteristics. However, the exact cell subpopulations that make up BMSCs are still unknown. @*Methods@#and Results: In this study, we used single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-Seq) to divide 6,514 BMSCs into three clusters. The number and corresponding proportion of cells in clusters 1 to 3 were 3,766 (57.81%), 1,720 (26.40%), and 1,028 (15.78%). The gene expression profile and function of the cells in the same cluster were similar. The vast majority of cells expressed the markers defining BMSCs by flow cytometry and gene expression analysis. Each cluster had at least 20 differentially expressed genes (DEGs). We conducted Gene Ontology enrichment analysis on the top 20 DEGs of each cluster and found that the three clusters had different functions, which were related to self-renewal, multilineage differentiation and cytokine secretion, respectively. In addition, the function of the top 20 DEGs of each cluster was checked by the National Center for Biotechnology Information gene database to further verify our hypothesis. @*Conclusions@#This study indicated that scRNA-Seq can be used to divide BMSCs into different subpopulations, demon-strating the heterogeneity of BMSCs.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 950-956, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956612

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive values of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte to lymphocyte ratio (MLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) for postoperative delirium in the elderly patients with hip fracture.Methods:The data of 1,278 elderly patients with hip fracture were analyzed retrospectively who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedics, The 7th Medical Center, General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army from January 2012 to December 2018. There were 418 males and 860 females, with a median age of 81 (75, 90) years. There were 728 intertrochanteric fractures and 550 femoral neck fractures. The working characteristic curves (ROC) of NLR, MLR, and PLR used to predict postoperative delirium in the elderly patients with hip fracture were worked out to obtain the best cutoff points (sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve) respectively. According to the best cutoff points, the NLR, MLR, and PLR were respectively divided into an increase group and a normal group. According to whether postoperative delirium occurred or not, the patients were divided into a delirium group and a delirium-free group. After univariable analysis was conducted to screen out the risk factors, binary logistic regression analysis was conducted of the factors with P<0.05 to determine the risk factors. Results:The median values of NLR, MLR and PLR in the 1,278 elderly patients with hip fracture at admission were 5.43 (3.87, 7.88), 0.40 (0.29, 0.54) and 158.40 (118.00, 222.50), respectively. Postoperative delirium occurred in 153 patients (12.0%). In the study of the predictive values of NLR, MLR, and PLR using ROC curves for postoperative delirium in the elderly patients with hip fracture, the best cutoff points (sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve) for prediction were 7.613 (57.5%, 77.1%, 0.726), 0.512 (52.3%, 74.0%, 0.663), and 201.125 (68.6%, 73.3%, 0.751), respectively. The risk factors for postoperative delirium were increased NLR ( OR=2.046, 95% CI: 1.322 to 3.166, P<0.001), increased MLR ( OR=1.568, 95% CI: 1.039 to 2.367, P=0.032), and increased PLR ( OR=3.489, 95% CI: 2.290 to 5.317, P<0.001). Conclusion:As NLR≥7.613, MLR≥0.512 and PLR≥201.125 may be risk factors for postoperative delirium in elderly patients with hip fracture, NLR, MLR and PLR may have a positive value in prediction of postoperative delirium.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 961-972, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956541

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) can lead to lower back pain and may be even accompanied by scoliosis, neurological dysfunction and other complications, which will affect the daily activities and life quality of patients. Vertebral augmentation is an effective treatment method for OVCF, but it cannot correct unbalance of bone metabolism or improve the osteoporotic status, causing complications like lower back pain, limited spinal activities and vertebral refracture. The post-operative systematic and standardized rehabilitation treatments can improve curative effect and therapeutic efficacy of anti-osteoporosis, reduce risk of vertebral refracture, increase patient compliance and improve quality of life. Since there still lack relevant clinical treatment guidelines for postoperative rehabilitation treatments following vertebral augmentation for OVCF, the current treatments are varied with uneven therapeutic effect. In order to standardize the postoperative rehabilitation treatment, the Spine Trauma Group of the Orthopedic Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized relevant experts to refer to relevant literature and develop the "Guideline for postoperative rehabilitation treatment following vertebral augmentation for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (2022 version)" based on the clinical guidelines published by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) as well as on the principles of scientificity, practicality and advancement. The guideline provided evidence-based recommendations on 10 important issues related to postoperative rehabilitation treatments of OVCF.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 1030-1035, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992663

ABSTRACT

Objective:To characterize the geriatric osteoporotic pelvic fractures using 3-D computed tomography (CT) fracture mapping.Methods:Retrospectively analyzed were the 79 elderly patients with pelvic fracture who had been admitted to Department of Orthopaedics, The 7th Medical Center of PLA General Hospital between January 2017 and December 2021. There were 24 men and 55 women, aged from 60 to 98 years (average, 74.3 years). The CT scan data of the pelvis from all patients were imported into the software (Mimics Medical 18.0, Geomagic Studio 2014, Rhinoceros 6.0, and Matlab) to create a 3-D pelvic fracture model. The fracture pieces were imported into a standard pelvic template to obtain the morphology of the fracture lines after fitting. A map of fracture line distribution frequency and a fracture heat map were created by fitting the fracture lines of all patients into a common pelvic template.Results:Of the 79 elderly patients with pelvic fracture, 69 (87.3%) had fractures of both the anterior and the posterior rings. The fracture map and heat map of geriatric pelvic fractures showed the following: the fracture lines of the anterior ring were concentrated in the junction of the cancellous bone and cortical bone of the superior and inferior pubic rami; the fracture lines of the posterior ring were concentrated in the middle and posterior 1/3 of the ilium and in the sacral wing; the fracture frequencies incurred by the pubic bone, sacrum, and ilium were from the highest to the lowest.Conclusions:Fracture mapping can visually characterize the distribution of fracture lines of the geriatric pelvic fractures. Simultaneous fractures of the anterior and posterior rings of the pelvis are the most typical kind of pelvic fractures in the elderly. The junction of the cancellous and cortical bones of the superior and inferior pubic rami and the area surrounding the sacroiliac joint are the most frequent locations for the fractures.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1033-1039, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910687

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship between hyperlactatemia and hip fracture complications, length of hospital stay, and mortality; And to study the predictive value of serum lactic acid on the risk of death after hip fracture surgery.Methods:The data of 1 004 cases of hip fracture admitted to our unit from January 2012 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The levels of lactate at admission, 1 day, 3 days and 5 days after operation were recorded. According to whether the average lactate level during hospitalization was higher than 2 mmol/L, the patients were divided into hyperlactic acid and control group. Finally, according to receiver operating characteristic (ROC), the predictive value of lactic acid in predicting the risk of death 30 days and 1 year after hip surgery was obtained.Results:Lactate level: 1.84±0.84 mmol/L on admission, 1.89±0.77 mmol/L at 1 day after operation, 1.79±0.78 mmol/L 3 day after operation, and 1.75±0.72 mmol/L at 5 day after operation. The incidence of lactic acid was 27.1% (272/1 004) in 272 patients with average lactic acid higher than 2 mmol/L during hospitalization. The mortality of 30 days (12.5%, 34/272) and 1 year (29.4%, 80/272) in the hyperlactemia group were significantly higher than that of 1.2% (9/732) and 10.8% (79/732) in the control group (30 days, t=61.448, P<0.001; 1 year, t=51.581, P<0.001). The incidence of perioperative complications in the hyperlactemia group was 28.7% (78/272), which was higher than 22.3% (163/732) in the control group ( χ2=4.465, P=0.035). The average length of hospital stay in the hyperlactemia group (13.95±9.02 d) was significantly higher than that in the control group (12.53±7.71 d) ( t=2.775, P=0.036). Lactic acid level could predict the 30 day mortality risk of hip fracture ( P<0.001). The cutoff value was 2.25 mmol/L, the sensitivity and specificity were 0.721 and 0.820, respectively, and the area under the curve was 0.832. Conclusion:The incidence of serum hyperlactatemia after hip fracture was high. Compared to patients with control group, the length of stay was longer, the incidence of complications was higher, and the mortality within 30 days and 1 year after operation were higher in serum hyperlactatemia group. Lactate level (2.25 mmol/L) could be used to predict the risk of mortality within 30 days after hip fracture operation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 519-525, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910003

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine whether subpopulations may exist which are related to regulation of immunization or inflammation in bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNCs) from 2 elderly patients with hip fracture and whether there might be any difference in the subpopulations between them.Methods:Two elderly patients with hip fracture were enrolled in this study. Their venous blood was harvested to determine subpopulations of complement (C)3, C4, interleukins (IL)-2, IL-6, IL-10, and lymphocytes. Single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-Seq) was used to group their BMMNCs. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses were performed of the top 20 differentially expressed genes for each subpopulation to judge the main function of each subpopulation. The subpopulations and the key genes related to regulation of immunization or inflammation were found out. The relationships were explored between subpopulations and prognosis of the patients.Results:By the venous blood indexes, IL-10 was slightly high in patient A; C3 below normal, C4 close to the lower normal limit, IL-2, IL-6 and IL-10 were significantly high, CD8 +T % was low, and CD4 +/CD8 + high in patient B. After scRNA-Seq and bioinformatics analyses, the BMMNCs in the 2 patients were divided into 5 subpopulations. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses showed that the functions of subpopulation 2 and subpopulation 4 were related to immunization or inflammation. CCL4, CCL5, LTB and CXCR4 in subpopulation 2 and C1QA, C1QB, CD14 and SPP1 in subpopulation 4 were related to the regulation of immunization or inflammation. The final prognosis of patient A was much better. The proportions of BMMNCs involved in subpopulation 2 and subpopulation 4 from patient A were higher than those from patient B [47.00% (1,431/3,045) versus 29.28% (882/3,012); 5.88% (179/3,045) versus 3.85% (116/3,012)]. Conclusions:The BMMNCs from elderly patients with hip fracture can be divided into subpopulations by scRNA-Seq. Some of the subpopulations may be related to regulation of immunization or inflammation, which may affect the post-injury immune inflammatory state and prognosis of the patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 548-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909997

ABSTRACT

Pelvic fragility fractures are increasing with the aging population in China, characterized by high incidence, high mortality and high morbidity just as geriatric hip fractures. In diagnosis of a pelvic fragility fracture in the elderly, the patient's age, comorbidities, osteogenic factors, clinical manifestations and imaging examinations should be taken into consideration, as well as the special anatomical features and morphologies resulted from degenerative anatomy of the pelvis in the aged. Standard pelvic X-rays and CT scans may confirm the diagnosis in most cases, but MRI may prevent missing a fracture of malfunctioning pelvis or an insidious fracture line on the posterior ring. Fragility fractures of pelvis (FFP) classification, base on X-ray and CT checks, is a common guiding system in current clinic. Usually, conservative treatment is indicated for fractures of FFP types Ⅰ-Ⅱ while surgery for those of FFP types Ⅲ-Ⅳ. As far as possible, minimally invasive reduction and simultaneous fixation of the anterior and posterior rings are recommended. This article intends to review the characteristics, classification and development of minimally invasive techniques concerning pelvic fragility fractures in recent years, and to discuss the future trends in treatment of geriatric pelvic fractures.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 549-554, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909903

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) through anterolateral approach in treatment of middle-distal humeral shaft fracture.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 21 patients with middle-distal humeral shaft fracture admitted to 7th Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from August 2015 to March 2018, including 12 males and 9 females, aged 18-68 years [(31.3±3.6)years]. All were closed fracture. According to AO classification, the fracture were classified as type A in 6 patients, type B in 10 and type C in 5. All patients were treated with anterolateral minimally invasive plate fixation. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay were recorded. The fracture healing was observed after operation. The visual analogue scale (VAS), University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder rating scale, and Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) were used to evaluate the effectiveness before operation and at 2 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after operation.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-26 months [(18.2±2.4)months]. The operation time was 50-82 minutes [(68.2±19.4)minutes], with intraoperative blood loss of 40-95 ml [(60.2±21.3)ml]. The hospital stay was 6-16 days [(6.8±1.2)days]. There was no iatrogenic vascular or nerve injury during operation. The patients with radial nerve injury before operation were all adventitia contusion. The nerve function returned to normal within 3 months after operation. All fractures were healed within 5-10 months [(5.3±1.2)months]. At 2 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after operation, the VAS [(3.6±0.8)points, (2.1±0.4)points, (1.8±0.3)points] was lower than that before operation [(8.3±1.6)points] ( P<0.05); UCLA shoulder rating scale [(31.2±1.5)points, (33.6±0.8)points, (34.6±0.5)points] was higher than that before operation [(28.4±2.3)points] ( P<0.05); and MEPS [(80.2±3.4)points, (93.4±2.2)points, (96.4±3.5)points] was higher than that before operation [(60.5±4.5)points] ( P<0.05). At the last follow-up, the UCLA shoulder rating scale and MEPS showed excellent results. Conclusion:For middle and lower humeral shaft fracture especially for the fracture line relatively distal to the shaft, MIPO technique through anterolateral approach can attain satisfactory results in terms of pain, range of motion of shoulder and elbow joint, and joint function.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1556-1559, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933011

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the predictive value of high serum lactate for the risk of death after hip fractures.Methods:Data of hip fracture patients admitted to the authors' unit from January 2012 to December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.A total of 1004 patients were included.According to the receiver operating characteristic(ROC), the predictive values of lactate for predicting the risk of death 30 days and 1 year after hip surgery were obtained.Results:The mortality rates of patients with serum hyperlactatemia were 10.8% and 23.3% for 30 days and 1 year after surgery, respectively.The 30-day and 1-year mortality rates for patients in the normal group were 1.3% and 11.8%, respectively.The differences between the two groups were statistically significant( χ2=47.764, 27.433, P=0.000 for both). The average survival time was(23.9±16.6)m for patients in the hyperlactatemia group and(28.8±16.5)m for subjects in the normal group, with a significant difference between the two groups( t=4.340, P=0.000). The incidences of complications were 28.6% for the serum hyperlactatemia group and 21.9% for the normal lactate group.There were significant differences between the two groups( χ2=5.249, P=0.022). The average length of stay was(13.6±8.7)d for the hyperlactatemia group and(12.5±7.8)d for the normal group, with the difference showing statistical significance( t=1.988, P=0.047). Lactate levels were able to predict the risk of death 30 days after hip fracture surgery.The predicted cutoff value was 2.35 mmol/L, the sensitivity and specificity were 0.744 and 0.834, respectively, and the area under the curve was 0.829. Conclusions:The incidence of hyperlactatemia after hip fractures is high.Compared with hip fracture patients with normal lactate levels, patients with hyperlactatemia show longer hospital stays, a higher incidence of complications, and higher mortality rates within 30 days and 1 year of surgery.Lactate levels(2.35 mmol/L)may be used to predict the risk of death within 30 days of hip fracture surgery.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 1044-1050, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of fragility fractures of pelvis(FFP) in the elderly and compare the clinical efficacy between conservative treatment and minimally invasive surgery.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted in the 56 elderly FFP patients who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics, The General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army from January 2017 to January 2019. They were 16 males and 40 females, with an age of 73.4 years (from 65 to 93 years). By the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, there were 12 cases of grade Ⅰ, 16 cases of grade Ⅱ, 20 cases of grade Ⅲ, and 8 cases of grade Ⅳ; by the FFP classification, there were 6 cases of type Ⅰ, 10 cases of type Ⅱ, 36 cases of type Ⅲ, and 4 cases of type Ⅳ. The morphological characteristics and injury mechanisms of FFP were analyzed. According to the treatment methods, the patients were divided into a conservative treatment group of 32 cases and a minimally invasive surgery group of 24 cases. The 2 groups were compared in terms of complication incidence, mortality and the Koval attenuation rate of walking ability after one-year follow-up.Results:There were mostly the fractures of pubic branches on both sides of the pubic symphysis and compression fractures of the sacral wing caused by lateral crush injury. The 2 groups were comparable due to no significant differences in the preoperative general data between them other than FFP classification ( P>0.05). By one year after treatment, the conservative treatment group had a complication incidence of 34.4% (11/32), a mortality of 9.4% (3/32) and a Koval attenuation rate of walking ability of 13.8% (4/29) while the minimally invasive surgery group had a complication incidence of 20.8% (5/24), a mortality of 4.2% (1/24) and a Koval attenuation rate of walking ability of 8.7%(2/23), showing no significant difference between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The injury mechanism of geriatric FFP is mostly lateral compression injury. The fracture sites are mostly located on both sides of the pubic symphysis, pubic branches and the sacral wing of anterior and posterior rings simultaneously. Although there may be no significant difference in complication incidence, mortality or Koval attenuation rate of walking ability between conservative treatment and minimally invasive surgery after one year, the minimally invasive surgery deals with more unstable fracture types.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 919-927, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869043

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the brain function changes in patients with cervical vertigo using functional MRI.Methods:Twenty-two patients who were diagnosed with cervical vertigo were recruited in this study for functional MRI (fMRI) analysis, while 25 age- and sex-matched adult healthy individuals were chose forhealthy controls. The Visual Analogue Scale(VAS) and Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) were used to access the severity of cervical vertigo, and the six-point categorical rating scale was used to measure the frequency of vertigo. Functional MRI was used to investigate the regions with brain functional changes between the cervical vertigo group and the control group. All the data was analyzed using low-frequency oscillation amplitude (ALFF) to explore local brain function changes. The ALFF values between the two groups were tested by two independent samples t-tests. Finally, the ALFF values in abnormal brain regions were extracted using the REST software package and correlated with the diseaseduration of cervical vertigo and thevertigo scores (VAS and DHI) using Pearson correlation analysis. P <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:Compared to healthy controls, patients with cervical vertigo haddecreased ALFF valuesin the left superior temporal gyrus (voxel=45, t=-3.36), right superior temporal gyrus (voxel=32, t=-2.82) and left supramarginal gyrus (voxel=57, t=-4.85), and increased ALFF values in the left and right cerebellum (voxel=41, t=4.26; voxel=33, t=4.57; respectively)(AlphaSim Rest, all P values >0.05). The ALFF values of left and right superior temporal gyrus were negatively correlated with the disease duration of vertigo (left R2=0.437, right R2==0.259), the VAS score (left R2==0.453, right R2==0.341) and DHI score (left R2=0.553, right R2=0.594), respectively, and there were significant differences (all P values < 0.05). The ALFF values of left and right cerebellum were positively correlated with the disease duration of vertigo (left R2==0.555, right R2=0.490) and the VAS score (left R2=0.307, right R2=0.282) and DHI score (left R2=0.632, right R2=0.591), respectively, and the differences were significant (all P values < 0.05). Conclusion:Patients with cervical vertigo have reduced spontaneous nerve activity in bilateral Vestibular cortex, and increased spontaneous nerve activity in the bilateral cerebellum. The brain functional changes were correlated with the disease duration and the severity of vertigo.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 518-522, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867884

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors for adverse cardiac events within 30 postoperative days in the aged patients with hip fracture.Methods:We retrospectively evaluated the clinical data of 1, 004 aged patients who had been admitted to Department of Orthopaedics, The 7th Medical Center, PLA General Hospital for hip fractures from January 2012 to December 2016. According to whether cardiac complications occurred within 30 days after operation, they were divided into 2 groups: a group with adverse cardiac events and a group free from adverse cardiac events. The 2 groups were compared in terms of age, gender, concomitant disease, timing of surgery, type of surgery and anesthesia mode. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors of adverse cardiac events 30 days after operation. In addition, the 2 groups were also compared in 30-day mortality, 1-year mortality, and total mortality postoperation.Results:Adverse cardiac events occurred in 45 patients (4.5%) within 30 days after operation. The multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that advanced age ( OR=1.085, 95% CI: 1.033-1.139), chronic renal insufficiency ( OR=5.296, 95% CI: 2.172-12.910), cardiac insufficiency ( OR=2.938, 95% CI: 1.283-6.729), delayed operation ( OR=3.682, 95% CI: 1.110-12.220) were independent risk factors for cardiac adverse events 30 days after operation. The 30-day mortality, 1-year mortality, and total mortality postoperation were respectively 17.8% (8/45), 26.7% (12/45) and 46.7% (21/45) for the group with adverse cardiac events, and respectively 3.6% (35/959), 9.1% (87/959) and 28.5%(273/959) for the group free from adverse cardiac events, showing significant differences between the2 groups (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Advanced age, cardiac insufficiency, chronic renal insufficiency and delayed surgery may be independent risk factors for adverse cardiac events within 30 days after surgery in the elderly patients with hip fracture who show a significantly higher mortality than those free from adverse cardiac events.

17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 206-211, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867843

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the impacts of operative timing on the operative outcomes in elderly patients with hip fracture.Methods:A cohort of 814 elderly patients with hip fracture were analyzed retrospectively who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics, The 7th Medical Center, General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army from January 2012 to December 2015. They were 272 males and 542 females, aged from 60 to 99 years (average, 79.9 years). They were divided into 2 categories according to their systemic status by the American Association of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification. There were 403 cases of ASA class Ⅰ and Ⅱ in the good status category and 411 cases of ASA class Ⅲ and Ⅳ in the poor status category. Each category was further divided into one early operation group and one late operation group depending on whether the patients were operated on within 48 hours after admission. The 2 groups were compared in terms of hospital stay, incidence of complications, 30-day and 1-year mortalities, and 1-year activities of daily living(ADL) scores.Results:In the good status patients there were no significant differences between the 2 groups in the preoperative general data, showing compatibility ( P>0.05). The early operation group showed significantly lower 30-day mortality [0% (0/94)] and 1-year mortality [5.3% (5/94)], significantly shorter hospital stay (9.6 d ± 5.2 d) and significantly higher 1-year ADL scores [75 (70, 85)] than the late operation group [4.2% (13/309) and 14.2% (44/309), 12.3 d ± 5.9 d, and 70 (60, 80), respectively] (all P< 0.05). There was no significant difference in incidence of complications between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). In the poor status patients there were no significant differences between the 2 groups in the preoperative general data, showing compatibility ( P>0.05). The incidence of complications in the early operation group [42.2% (35/83)] was significantly higher than in the late operation group [30.5% (100/328)] ( P< 0.05). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in 30-day mortality, 1-year mortality, hospital stay or 1-year ADL score ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For the elderly patients with hip fracture, operation can be carried out as soon as possible if they are in good physical condition, and early operation is not necessary if they are in poor systemic condition because operation should be carried out at an appropriate time after evaluation of their physical condition allows.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 577-586, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867755

ABSTRACT

According to the pathological characteristics of symptomatic chronic thoracic and lumbar osteoporotic vertebral fracture (SCOVF), the different clinical treatment methods are selected, including vertebral augmentation, anterior-posterior fixation and fusion, posterior decompression fixation and fusion, and posterior correction osteotomy. However, there is still a lack of a unified understanding on how to choose appropriate treatment method for SCOVF. In order to reflect the new treatment concept and the evidence-based medicine progress of SCOVF in a timely manner and standardize its treatment, the clinical guideline for surgical treatment of SCOVF is formulated in compliance with the principle of scientificity, practicability and advancement and based on the level of evidence-based medicine.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 428-432, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867726

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence and risk factors of autonomic reflex dysfunction hypotension in patients with acute spinal cord injury.Methods:A retrospective case control study was made on the data of 191 patients with acute spinal cord injury admitted to Seventh Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from January 2011 to December 2016, including 164 males and 27 females, aged 18-60 years with an average age of 46.4 years. The injury mechanisms of injuries were traffic accidents in 97 patients, high falling injury in 55, heavy pound injury in 30 and fall injury in 9. The injured segments included 98 patients with cervical spinal cord injury, 52 with thoracic spinal cord injury, 19 with lumbar spinal cord injury and 22 with cone injury. According to the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA), 61 patients were classified as grade A, 52 as grade B, 38 as grade C and 40 as grade D. Autonomic reflex dysfunction hypotension was defined as a systolic blood pressure below 90 mmHg and heart rate below 60 beat/min. There were 35 patients in hypotension group and 156 patients in non-hypotension group. Incidence of autonomic reflex dysfunction hypotension was observed. The data of sex, age, body mass index, injury mechanism, fracture type, spinal cord injury segment, spinal cord injury grade, blood pressure, heart rate, combined injury and length of hospital stay were collected. Univariate analysis was used to observe the correlation between each factor and the occurrence of autonomic reflex dysfunction hypotension, to screen the suspected related factors, and then Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent correlation factors related to autonomic reflex dysfunction hypotension.Results:Autonomic reflex dysfunction hypotension was found in patients with acute spinal cord injury at the cervical and thoracic regions. In 98 patients with cervical spinal cord injury, 26 patients (27%) had autonomic reflex dysfunction hypotension; in 54 patients with thoracic spinal cord injury, 9 patients (17%) had autonomic reflex dysfunction hypotension. All of them showed T 5 segment or above injury. Univariate analysis showed significant differences in spinal cord injury segment and spinal cord injury grading between the two groups( P<0.01), but not in gender, age, body mass index, injury mechanism, fracture type, combined injury or not, and length of hospital stay ( P>0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that spinal cord injury segment( OR=0.185, 95% CI 0.081-0.424) and spinal cord injury grade ( OR=0.108, 95% CI 0.048-0.244) were independent factors related to autonomic reflex dysfunction hypotension ( P<0.01). Conclusions:Spinal cord injury segment and spinal cord injury grading are independently correlated to autonomic reflex dysfunction hypotension. The higher the injury segment is and the severer the injury is, the more likely autonomic reflex dysfunction hypotension is to occur.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 372-376, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867709

ABSTRACT

The crescent fracture-dislocation of pelvis (CFDP), also known as sacroiliac joint fracture dislocation, is the posterior iliac wing crescent fracture result from lateral compression force with associated sacroiliac joint dislocation. CFDP accounts for about 12% of the pelvic injury. At present, Day classification has been widely used in clinic. With the development of minimally invasive treatment of pelvic fracture, fine classification, closed reduction and precise screw placement are still the difficulties for clinicians. The authors review the applied anatomy, injury mechanism, classification, diagnosis and treatment of CFDP in order to provide reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment of CFDP.

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