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1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 6-11, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005420

ABSTRACT

Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is one of important factors against from the damage under oxidative stress in human body. A high proportion of East Asians carry ALDH2 inactive mutation gene. There are many diseases closely related to ALDH2, such as cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases and liver diseases. Recent studies also have found that ALDH2 is associated with ferroptosis. Therefore, ALDH2 has becoming a potential target for the treatment of the above related diseases. Several types of small molecule activators with potential value of clinical application have been reported. The research progress on the structure and function of ALDH2 , the relationship with human diseases and its activators were summarized in this paper.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 140-146, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011452

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effects of Baihe Yuzi prescription (BYP) on the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), aquaporin (AQP), zinc/iron-regulated transporter-like protein (ZIP) and local oxidative stress in epididymis of oligoasthenozoospermia (OAS) rats, and to explore the mechanism of its intervention in OAS. MethodAfter 35 rats were acclimatized for 1 week, 7 rats were randomly selected as the normal group, and the remaining 28 rats were given tripterygium glycosides (TG) 30 mg·kg-1. After 4 weeks of modeling, they were randomly divided into 4 groups: model group, BYP low-dose group (LBYP), BYP high-dose group (HBYP) and levocarnitine group, with 7 rats in each group. The rats in the normal group and model group were given normal saline at the same dosage. The levocarnitine group rats were given L-carnitine oral liquid (100 mg·kg-1) by gavage. The LBYP group rats were given BYP 6.3 g·kg-1, and the HBYP group rats were given BYP 12.6 g·kg-1 by gavage once a day for consecutive 4 weeks. After the end of the intervention, sperm count and motility of all rats were detected, the histopathological structure of epididymis was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the expressions of CFTR, AQP9, AQP3, ZIP8, ZIP12 and other proteins were detected by Western blot. The contents of α-glycosidase (α-GC), sialic acid (SA), carnitine, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Total zinc content was measured using an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer. Free zinc ion content was detected by zinc ion probes. ResultCompared with those in the normal group, the sperm count and motility of rats were decreased and the epididymal structure was disordered in the model group. The contents of α-GC and carnitine were decreased in epididymis (P<0.05). MDA levels were increased, while SOD, GSH-Px and zinc levels were decreased (P<0.05). The expressions of CFTR and ZIP12 in the head and cauda of the epididymis were down-regulated, and AQP3 expression was up-regulated. The expression of ZIP8 in the cauda epididymis was up-regulated (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, BYP can significantly improve the sperm count and motility, the epididymal structure of OAS rats and the levels of α-GC and carnitine (P<0.05). The expressions of CFTR and ZIP12 in the head and cauda of the epididymis were up-regulated, while the expressions of ZIP8 in the cauda epididymis and AQP3 in the head of the epididymis were decreased (P<0.05). The SOD and GSH-Px levels and total zinc content in epididymis were increased, and the MDA levels were decreased (P<0.05). ConclusionBYP may improve the sperm quality and repair epididymal tissue structure and function of OAS rats, by regulating the expressions of CFTR, AQP3, and ZIP12 ion channels and local antioxidant mechanism.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 824-829, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996624

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare clinical effects of enlarged thymectomy for the treatment of myasthenia gravis (MG) complicated with thymoma via subxiphoid and subcostal arch thoracoscopic resection versus median sternotomy resection. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients with MG complicated with thymoma admitted in Tangdu Hospital of the Air Force Military Medical University between December 2011 and December 2021. Patients who underwent subxiphoid and subcostal arch thoracoscopic enlarged thymectomy were allocated to a SR group, and patients who underwent median sternotomy enlarged thymectomy were allocated to a MR group. Perioperative outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results    A total of 456 patients were collected. There were 51 patients in the MR group, including 30 males and 21 females aged 23-66 (49.5±11.8) years. There were 405 patients in the SR group, among whom 51 patients were matched to the MR group by propensity score matching, including 28 males and 23 females aged 26-70 (47.2±12.2) years. The operations were accomplished successfully in all patients, and no conversion to thoracotomy occurred in the SR group. The SR group had advantages in the operation time, intraoperative blood loss,  chest drainage duration, hospital stay time, patients’ satisfaction level, pain score and complications (all P<0.05). No statistical difference was found in the number of intraoperative lymph node dissection stations, number of intraoperative lymph nodes dissected or remission of MG between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion    Subxiphoid and subcostal arch thoracoscopic enlarged thymectomy and lymphadenectomy is a safe, effective and feasible minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of MG complicated with thymoma.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 358-362, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996089

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the hospitalization costs of delivery for postpartum women with different delivery methods, ages and comorbidities or complications, for references for medical institutions and medical insurance management departments to develop payment and compensation standards for inpatient delivery.Methods:The first page of medical records of hospitalized delivery women admitted to 8 large tertiary hospitals in Beijing from January 2018 to December 2021 were selected. Descriptive analysis was made on the mode of delivery, age, hospitalization expenses and cost structure of puerpera, as well as the hospitalization expenses of puerpera with different complications or complications. Wilcoxon rank sum test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, and Chi-squared test were used to statistically compare the level and structure differences between groups. Results:A total of 23 320 pregnant women were included, with an average age of 32.3 years. There were 13 605 cases of natural delivery and 9 715 cases of caesarean section. The median cesarean section rate in the right age group (<35 years old) and the elderly group (35-50 years old) were 36.73% and 56.58%, respectively, and the median hospital expenses were 5 865 yuan and 7 042 yuan, respectively. The median hospital expenses for natural delivery and caesarean section were 4 452 yuan and 10 033 yuan, respectively. The highest proportion of hospitalization expenses for natural delivery and cesarean section were treatment expenses (23.45%) and medicine expenses (29.19%), respectively. The median of hospitalization cost for women with≥2 comorbidities or complications (6 736 yuan) was higher than that for women with 1 comorbidities or complications (5 794 yuan).Conclusions:The hospitalization cost of cesarean section was significantly higher than that of natural delivery and the rate of cesarean section and the cost of delivery in women aged 35 and above were higher than those under 35 years old. The structure of hospitalization cost was different in different delivery modes, and the complications or complications had a greater impact on the average hospitalization expenses.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 293-298, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913086

ABSTRACT

OBJ ECTIVE To predict the quality marker (Q-Marker)of Forsythia suspensa . METHODS The fingerprints of 10 batches of F. suspensa were established by high performance liquid chromatography. The common peaks were confirmed. The candidate components of Q-Marker in F. suspensa were screened. The volatile oil of F. suspensa were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS),and the candidate components of Q-Marker in volatile oil were screened. The network pharmacology analysis was performed for the candidate components of Q-Marker. The network diagram of the “candidate components of F. suspensa Q-Marker-target-pathway”was constructed to predict the Q-marker of F. suspensa . RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS Twenty-one common peaks were obtained for 10 batches of F. suspensa ,and four components were identified as phillyrin,forsythoside A ,pinoresinol-4-O-β-D-glucoside and rutin. Seven candidate components were obtained by GC-MS analysis,such as β-pinene,α-pinene,terpinen-4-ol,limonene,γ-terpinene,α-phellandrene,β-myrcene. By network pharmacology analysis, 16 key targets and 17 pathways were obtained. It was preliminarily predicted that phillyrin , forsythoside A , pinoresinol-4-O-β-D-glucoside,rutin,terpinen-4-ol,α-phellandrene,α-pinene and β-pinene were Q-marker of F. suspensa .

6.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 936-942, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958603

ABSTRACT

Objective:This work aims to investigate the phenotype-characteristics of drug resistance and the possible mechanisms of extensively drug-resistance Klebsiella pneumoniae(XDRKP). Methods:Screened by the previous drug susceptibility results, 116 clinical Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates were collected from Shanxi Bethune Hospital from January 2018 to December 2020. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) rapid microbial identification system and VITEK-compact 2 were used. The modified carbapenem inactivation method (mCIM) combining with EDTA carbapenem inactivation method (eCIM) was used to identify the strains′ carbapenemase phenotypes, which were compared with subsequent qPCR results. The qPCR amplification combining with agarose gel electrophoresis were carried out to detect various drug-resistant related genes, including: carbapenemase genes: blaKPC, blaNDM, blaVIM, blaIMP, blaOXA; aminoglycosides resistance genes: ① 16S rRNA methylase genes: rmtA, rmtC, rmtD, rmtG, rmtH, armA, npmA, rmtB, rmtE, rmtF, ② variant of aminoglycosides acetyltransferase gene: aac(6′)-Ib-cr; quinolone resistance genes: DNA gyrase protection protein qnr family: qnrA, qnrB, qnrC, qnrD, qnrS, efflux pump protein gene: oqxAB, qepA, variant of aminoglycoside acetyltransferase gene: aac(6′)-Ib-cr; and tigecycline-resistant Tet protein genes: efflux pump protein gene: tet (A), tet (L), ribosome protection protein gene: tet (M), tigecycline modified enzyme gene: tet (X). Each isolate′s phenotype and resistance gene result were compared and analyzed correspondingly. Results:A total number of 116 XDRKP isolates were collected in 3 years, 115 of which are identified as carbapenem resistant. Both cephalosporins and quinolones resistant rate were 100%, while the resistant rate of aminoglycosides antibiotic gentamicin, tobramycin and amikacin was 95.69% (111/116), 94.83% (110/116), or 88.79% (103/116) respectively. Sulfonamide antibiotics and tigecycline showed a relatively lower resistant rate. Compared with PCR amplification results, mCIM combining with eCIM phenotype testing had a high conformity, up to 95.65% (110/115). Positive rate of each resistance related gene was: blaKPC 90.52% (105/116), blaNDM 10.34% (12/116), rmtB 81.90% (95/116), armA 2.59% (3/116), oqxAB 65.52% (76/116), qnrB 6.03% (7/116), qnrS 12.93% (15/116), aac(6′)-Ib-cr 7.76% (9/116), or tet(A) 21.55% (25/116), respectively. Other resistance related genes were not detected. Corresponding analysis between the resistant phenotypes and resistance related genes indicated that a total of 65 XDRKP didn′t have a matched pairs, i.e. bacteria′s resistance to specific antibiotic could not be interpreted by carrying some associated resistant genes.Conclusions:The wide distribution of resistant genes and multiple-antibiotic-inactivated trait of some genes(such as aac(6′)-Ib-cr and oqxAB) in XDRKP are potential causes of the generation of extensively drug resistant phenotype. Different XDRKP isolates may carry one or more resistant genes in responding to specific antibiotic. In addition, there are some bacteria with an unmatched phenotype-gene feature indicating that both resistance genes′ regulation and some other mechanisms also play a role in development of XDR.

7.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 254-258, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883429

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the potential value of indocyanine green combined with methylene blue and methylene blue alone in the detection of sentinel lymph nodes (SLN) in breast cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 118 patients with early breast cancer from November 2016 to October 2018 in Dalian Central Hospital Affiliated to Dalian Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 62 patients underwent SLN biopsy under methylene blue (methylene blue group, 160 SLN), and 56 patients underwent SLN biopsy under indocyanine green combined with methylene blue (combined group, 190 SLN). After SLN biopsy, patients underwent grade Ⅰ and Ⅱ axillary lymph node dissection.Results:There was no significant difference in the positive lymph node rate and accuracy rate between 2 groups ( P>0.05); the SLN dyeing rate and SLN biopsy positive rate in combined group were significantly higher than those in methylene blue group: 97.9% (186/190) vs. 93.1% (149/160) and 28.4% (54/190) vs. 18.1% (29/160), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05); the false negative rate in combined group was lower than that in methylene blue group: 5.3% (3/57) vs. 14.7% (5/34), but there was no statistical difference ( P>0.05). Conclusions:In breast cancer patients, the dual -tracing method of indocyanine green combined with methylene blue is better than using methylene blue alone in identifying SLN and predicting the status of axillary lymph nodes, and it has a tendency to reduce the false negative rate.

8.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 473-478, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876079

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare clinical effects of extended thymectomy for the treatment of thymic abnormalities with myasthenia gravis (MG) between subxiphoid and subcostal arch thoracoscopic resection (SR) and the unilateral thoracoscopic resection (UR) by a propensity-score matching analysis. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 612 patients who presented with MG and were admitted to Tangdu Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University between December 2011 and December 2018. Of these patients, 520 patients underwent subxiphoid and subcostal arch thoracoscopic extended thymectomy (a SR group) and 92 unilateral thoracoscopic extended thymectomy (a UR group). Ninety-two patients in the SR group were matched with the UR group by propensity-score matching analysis. There were 52 males and 40 females with an average age of 26-70 (50.2±10.3) years in the SR group, and 47 males and 45 females with an average age of 20-73 (51.5±12.1) years in the UR group. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, thoracic drainage time, postoperative hospital stay, thorough adipose tissue removal, postoperative remission of MG, patients’ satisfaction score, pain and complications were compared and analyzed between the two groups. Results    All operations were accomplished successfully, without conversion to thoracotomy of the two groups. There were statistical differences between the two groups in operation time (46.2±19.5 min vs. 53.4±23.5 min), chest drainage duration (0 d vs. 3.4±1.2 d), hospital stay (2.9±1.9 d vs. 3.6±1.7 d), patients’ satisfaction score (7.9±2.1 points vs. 6.7±1.2 points) and pain scores (all P<0.05). There were no statistical differences between the two groups in intraoperative blood loss (52.2±12.7 mL vs. 51.2±10.3 mL), peripheral adipose tissue removal (8.1±0.6 vs. 7.9±0.9), remission rate of MG (89.1% vs. 85.9%) and rate of postoperative complications (10.9% vs. 6.5%) (all P>0.05). Conclusion    Subxiphoid and subcostal arch thoracoscopic extended thymectomy is a safe and feasible minimally invasive procedure for the management of MG with thymic abnormalities.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2707-2711, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817507

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the status quo of cost estimation in pharmacy intravenous admixture services (PIVAS), and to provide cost basis for the construction of PIVAS in China. METHODS: Retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library, CBM, CNKI, CSJD and Wanfang database from database establishment to Jan. 2019, the studies about the status quo of cost estimation in PIVAS of China were included. The descriptive analysis was conducted for content and method of cost estimation, infection to hospital. RESULTS: A total of 17 literatures were included, involving 8 before and after control studies, 6 experience sharing studies and 3 reviews. Existing reports showed that the estimation contents and methods of PIVAS cost were roughly the same. The cost included manpower, medical and health materials, fixed asset purchase, depreciation, repair costs, medicine cost and indirect costs. At the same time, the infection to hospital were reported, such as in manpower adopting, formulating detailed management measures and systems, concurrent allocation of the same kind of drugs, shortening infusion preparation and replacement time, in order to save manpower cost. CONCLUSIONS: PIVAS cost calculation method is roughly the same in some hospitals, but there is no uniform standard. It is necessary to further improve the PIVAS cost measurement standard and provide a basis for the construction and development of PIVAS in China.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2414-2418, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817151

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate current status of charges in pharmacy intravenous admixture services (PIVAS), and to provide reference for the formulation of China’s pharmacy intravenous admixture services (PIVAS) charging standards. METHODS: Retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library, CBM, CNKI, VIP, Wanfang database and related goverment websets, the literatures about current status evaluation of charges in PIVAS of China were collected during the establishment of database to Jan. 2019. Cost estimation, charge standard, influential factors and other indicators were collected, and the results were presented by descriptive analysis. RESULTS: A total of 5 literatures were included, all of which were reviewed. According to the existing literatures, except for Shandong, Guangdong and Yunnan provinces, there were no regional charge standards in other provinces (districts and cities). The cost estimation methods of PIVAS in these three provinces were basically the same. The cost could be obtained by adding up the business fees, labor fees, fees of medical instruments purchase and use, indirect fees etc. Dispensing charges in PIVAS were 3-5 yuan per piece for general drug, 5 yuan per piece for antibiotics and 8-12 yuan per piece for cancer chemotherapeutics, 20-35 yuan per piece for TPN. The charging level was mainly affected by local prices, PIVAS scale, hardware investment, management and other factors. CONCLUSIONS: There is no unified charging standard for PIVAS in most provinces (districts, cities) of China. The cost estimation methods of the hospitals from the included literatures are basically the same. It is necessary to construct national PIVAS charging standard and cost estimation method, which could provide a basis for formulating the price of medical and health services.

11.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 893-896, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797811

ABSTRACT

Cholecystolithiasis is one of the long-term complications after bariatric surgery, of which the exact cause is still unclear. Based on the recent domestic and international literature, the contributing factors for new onset cholecystolithiasis after bariatric surgery and countermeasures are reviewed in this article.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 893-896, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790094

ABSTRACT

Cholecystohthiasis is one of the long-term complications after bariatric surgery,of which the exact cause is still unclear.Based on the recent domestic and international literature,the contributing factors for new onset cholecystolithiasis after bariatric surgery and countermeasures are reviewed in this article.

13.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 410-415, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810647

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To screen the risk factors of patients with frequent acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by detecting the clinical indicators of periodontitis and the level of bacterial and inflammatory markers in saliva.@*Methods@#Thirty-eight COPD patients in their stable period were recruited and detected from Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital,Capital Medical University during December 2016 to May 2017. The periodontal index were recorded. The levels of inflammatory factors in saliva samples were examined by using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The bacteria composition in the saliva samples were identified by using 16SrRNA gene pyrosequencing. All patients were followed up and monitored for acute exacerbation of COPD for 12 months. The patients were divided into frequent acute exacerbation group (≥2 times/year, n=10) and non frequent acute exacerbation group (<2 times/year, n=28).@*Results@#In univariate analysis, the patients′ average age of frequent acute exacerbation group (69.0±7.3) was significantly older than that of non-frequent acute exacerbation group (61.8±8.3) (P=0.02). The numbers of remaining teeth ≤26 [100% (10/10)] was significantly higher and plaque index ≤2.5 (2/10) in frequent acute exacerbation group was significantly lower compared with the remaining teeth ≤26 [43% (12/28)] and the plaque index ≤2.5 [71% (21/28)] in non-frequent acute exacerbation group (P=0.02, P=0.01). The proportions of salivary inflammatory factors interleukin-6 (IL-6) level ≤60 ng/L (10%),C-reactive protein (CRP) level ≤1 550 μg/L (30%), matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) level ≤140 μg/L (30%) and fibrinogen level ≤90 mg/L (30%) in frequent acute exacerbation group were significantly lower compared with salivary inflammatory factors IL-6 level ≤60 ng/L (71%),CRP level ≤1 550 μg/L (71%), MMP-8 level ≤140 μg/L (86%) and fibrinogen level ≤90 mg/L (71%) in non-frequent acute exacerbation group (P<0.05). The differences of relative abundances of salivary bacteria,such as species of Chloroflexi, Anaerolineae, Anaeroales, Corynebacteriales, Anaerolineaceae, Tissierellaceae, Leptotrichiaceae, Corynebacteriaceae, Leptotrichia, Moryella, Lachnoanaerobaculum and Corynebacterium between frequent acute exacerbation group and non-frequent acute exacerbation group were significantly different (P<0.05). In multivariate logistics regression analysis,the level of IL-6 >60 ng/L and the relative abundance of Corynebacteriales >0.2 had significant difference (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The level of IL-6 and the relative abundance of Corynebacteriales might be the markers of frequent acute exacerbation in COPD patients.

14.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 26-30,31, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604315

ABSTRACT

Objective:Mechanical ventilation has been the regular equipment or the therapy equipment in the hospital. In order to establish a safe condition of using ventilator, not only standard operations are required, but also high quality of ventilators should be ensured. This article will introduce a kind of ventilator detection system made in Switzerland, especially the portable device which supports the technology to detect ventilator at any time and every place. These detection equipments provide the protection of high risk medical equipment. Methods: According to the requirement of mechanical ventilation detection and the instruction of imtmedical ventilator detection system, the application methods of imtmedical detection system were introduced. Results: Compared the difference with other ventilator detectors, the priority, portability, stability and accuracy of the Citrex H4 detection were understood. Conclusion:The Citrex H4 ventilator detector is satisfactory for quality testing of ventilator, ion evaluate can make the output performance parameters more accurate and the quality higher.of the ventilators.

15.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 48-52, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493890

ABSTRACT

Objective:Now the mechanical ventilation has become the essential emergency or therapy equipment in the all sizes of hospitals. However with the widely application of ventilators, they are still the kind of high risk of medical instruments. In order to reduce various equipment failures, an overall management strategy based on traceability of two-dimension code is constructed in this article, which will provide a new direction for medical equipment management.Methods: Using the popular application of WiFi network and creating the only identified two-dimension code, the overall management strategy is established for the ventilators.Results: The centralized and decentralized management model is adopted in the preservation of ventilators. And all the operators of ventilators will be supported technology service about equipment failures and setting parameters by the respiratory department and engineering department. In addition to this, the two departments should organize the staff to learn the operation of ventilators in the hospital. All of those compose the structure of overall management.Conclusion: With the management of this method, the efficiency of ventilators is improved, and the rate of machine failures is dropped. The difficulty about technology service caused by space can be solved in time. Finally, the professional ability of the staff in hospital will be improved with the communication among the different departments.

16.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3788-3792, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461886

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Sodium hyaluronate is a polysaccharide polymer biomaterial, which is considered to have a certain effect to repair the cartilage surface, reduce the release of inflammatory mediators, and promote meniscal repair. OBJECTIVE:To observe the therapeutic effect of Fast-Fix combined with sodium hyaluronate in meniscal repair under arthroscope. METHODS:Eighty-six patients with meniscus injury admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, CNPC Central Hospital, from March 2008 to March 2014 were enrol ed in the study. The average age was 25.5 years, and the average duration of disease was 1.5 months. The main clinical manifestations included knee joint pain and swel ing after exercise and positive McMurray signs. The MRI results showed meniscus tear or degeneration. Arthroscopic repairing surgeries were performed with Fast-Fix combined with sodium hyaluronate injection (2.5 mL at the end of surgery), and then sodium hyaluronate was injected intraarticularly at 1, 2, 3 weeks after surgery. Each patient was assessed with Lysholm knee joint score system before and after operation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Eighty-one patients were fol owed up for an average of 1.5 years and five patients were lost to fol ow-up. Joint locking, significant tenderness and movement disorder symptoms disappeared in 79 of 81 patients, and meniscal healing was shown on MRI review within 1 year after surgery;the Lysholm score was higher than 75 points, and the excel ent rate was 98%. Only the remained two patients felt swel ing and tenderness and the movement was slightly restricted when going down or standing up. The Fast-Fix combined with sodium hyaluronate in meniscal repair under arthroscope has good effect and good function of knee joint.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 160-164, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466308

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the imaging appearances of congenital splenorenal venous shunt,and to evaluate their clinical significances.Methods Of 127 283 patients who underwent upper abdominal CT scanning,6 patients were diagnosed to have congenital splenorenal venous shunt.The imagings were studied retrospectively.Plain scanning,enhanced CT and Doppler ultrasonography were performed on all these patients.Results The incidence was about 47/million.The six patients were all females,the age was between 32 to 67 years.The mean age was 48.8 years.Enhanced CT demonstrated that there were twisted and dilated shunting blood vessels between the splenic and renal veins.The diameters in four patients were larger than the splenic and portal veins.In the remaining two patients,they were smaller shunting blood vessels.One patient had an associated absence of right portal vein.Two patients had associated dysplasia of portal veins and splenic veins.MPR,CPR,MIP and VR could three-dimensionally depict the courses,the beginnings and the ends of the splenorenal shunts.Doppler ultrasonography showed counterflow between the portal and splenic veins,and showed the blood in the splenic vein to flow into the left renal vein.Conclusions A congenital splenorenal venous shunt is one of the rare form of congenital extrahepatic portosystemic venous shunts.Enhanced MSCT scan combining with its post-processing techniques could clearly demonstrate the shunt vessels and the associated lesions.Doppler ultrasonography could further demonstrate the shunt direction.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 502-505, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636843

ABSTRACT

Background Cataract was directly associated with the damage to the structure and function of lens epithelial cells (LECs).In those patients who suffer from cataracts,morphologic changes of LECs is the most compelling evidence confirming loss of cellular structure and function of LECs.So,learning about the morphological changes of LECs of the different types of cataracts is very important for study on biological behaviors of LECs in different environments or diseases.Objective This study was to evaluate the morphological and ultrastructural changes of the LECs in different types of cataracts.Methods Anterior capsular member from age-related cataracts,diabetic cataracts and high myopia complicated cataract were obtained during the cataract surgery and 15 pieces for each.Trypan blue and alizarin red (TB-AR) stain,haematoxylin and eosin stain were performed in the samples to assess the viability and morphology of LECs.The ultrastructural change of LECs was observed under the transmission electron microscope.The features of the LECs were compared among the different types of cataract.Results TB-AR stain showed that LECs were polygon in shape with the mosaic arrangement and round cell nucleus,and a few dead cells were seen in the samples age-related cataract.In the diabetic samples,LECs largened from swelling with different sizes.More dead cells were found in the high myopia complicated cataract.Haematoxylin and eosin stain exhibited that the anterior capsular membrane presented a homogeneuous membrane,and monolayer LECs attached firmly anterior capsular membrane in the samples of related cataract.Majority of the cells had the intact structure.However,the interspaces between cells and capsular membrane were found in diabetic cataract.Also,smaller LECs were seen in high myopia complicated cataract with the irregular cell morphology.Under the transmission electron microscope,LECs presented the normal shape,intact intercellular tight junction and well attachment between cells and capsular membrane in the samples of the age-related cataract.In the samples of the diabetic cataract,edema of LECs and large intercellular spaces were seen.In addition,the jogged pump and vacuolar degeneration of cytoplasm were revealed in the high myopia complicated cataract.Conclusions The degeneration,necrosis and apoptosis was a common pathological basis of age-related cataract,diabetic cataract and high myopia complicated cataract.However,the damage of LECs was more serious in diabetic cataract and high myopia complicated cataract than that of agerelated cataract.

19.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 365-367, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470918

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical curative effect of Depmas double blood purification system for acute severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning.Methods Retrospectively study was carried out on 147 patients of acute severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning.Patients were divided into four groups,the conventional treatment group treated with drug therapy,hemoperfusion group given HA230 hemoperfusion in addition to conventional treatment,plasma exchange combined with hemoperfusion group given HA230 hemoperfusion and plasma exchange therapy in addition to conventional treatment,and Depmas group treated with plasma separation by Baxter blood fiber and then given series HA230 and BS330 hemoperfusion treatment on the separated plasma in addition to conventional treatment.Survival rate,mean survival time of death patients,the concentration changes of cholinesterase and bilirubin in peripheral blood were observed.Results Compared to the conventional treatment group,survival rates of hemoperfusion group,hemoperfusion combined with plasma exchange group and Depmas group were higher,the mean survival time was longer,the cholinesterase concentration in peripheral blood was higher and the elevated bilirubin concentration was decreased with the differences statistically significant (P<0.01).Compared to hemoperfusion group,the survival rates of hemoperfusion combined with plasma exchange group and Depmas group were higher,the mean survival time was longer,the cholinesterase concentration in peripheral blood were higher and the elevated bilirubin concentration was decreased with the differences statistically significant (P<0.05).Besides,there were no significant differences between the survival rate,mean survival time,peripheral blood cholinesterase and bilirubin concentration of hemoperfusion combined with plasma exchange group and that of Depmas group (P>0.05).Conclusions Depmas dual blood purification system has remarkable curative effect for the treatment of acute severe organophosphorus poisoning.

20.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1169-1171, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447857

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the influence and curative effect observation of inhalation of formoterol/budesonide on matrix metalloproteinase of plasma(MMP)-2 and 9 for asthmatic patients (AAPs).Methods According to the digital table,68 cases of AAPs in acute stage of attack were randomly divided into observation group and control group.The patients in two groups were given routine medical treatments like anti-infection,antispasmodic and relieving asthma,relieving coμgh and reducing sputum and etc.In addition,the patients in observation group were given the inhalation of formoterol/budesonide with 4.5μg/160μg,two times daily for 2 weeks.Except for formoterol/budesonide,the medical treatments given to patients in control group were the same with those in observation group.The changes of MMP-2 and 9 levels in blood serum before and after 2 weeks' medical treatment were observed and compared,and proceed with the curative and safety observation.Results After 2 weeks' medical treatment,the MMP-2 and 9 in blood serum both were declined sharply(t =2.87,2.97,2.21,2.31,P < 0.01 or P < 0.05),and the compared with control group,the decrease value(t =2.45,2.37,all P < 0.05) was obviously higher.Meanwhile,the total clinical effective rate in observation group (94.12%) was obviously higher than that in control group (70.59%)(x2 =6.48,P < 0.05) ; The numbers of untoward effect occurrence in the medical treatment period were 3 cases in control group and 5 cases in observation group,which both had light symptom and did not appeared serious untoward effects.The comparison result of untoward effect between two groups had no obvious statistical difference(x2 =0.14,P > 0.05).Conclusion formoterol/budesonide has reliable medical treatment effect and high security to asthmatic,whose mechanism of action has effect on MMP-2 and 9 level adjustment,correction of degradation of extracellular matrix and dysequilibrium,and chronic airway inhibition and remodeling.

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