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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392754

ABSTRACT

Objective To survey the compliance degree of patients with allergic rhinitis completing their specific desensitizing therapy and to evaluate the relating factors with this compliance degree, and to explore the nursing countermeasures. Methods A retrospective study was carried out in 186 patients with allergic rhinitis receiving specific immunotherapy from January 2007 to December 2008. Noncompliance patients were contacted with scheduled telephone interviews to investigate the causes. Results Compliance rate was 71.0%,primary reason for non-compliance is poor efficacy (16 patients, 29.6% ), followed by busy work or study (10 patients, 18.5%) and disappearance of symptoms (7 patiens, 13.0%). Conclusions The compliance degree of AR patients receiving specific desensitizing therapy is still poor, but the reasons for non-compliance can be controlled by many factors, compliance is still much room for improvement.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748085

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate kinetic expression of genes T-bet and GATA-3 in blood mononuclear cells (BMCs) in allergic rhinitis rats model at different stages of development of allergic rhinitis.@*METHOD@#Twenty SD rats (including 10 male and 10 female) were divided into 2 groups, experimental group and control group, randomly, 10 rats for each group. Ten rats in experimental group were sensitized and intranasally challenged by OVA, aluminium hydroxide hydrate gel and Bordelella pertussis inactive microorganism suspension (B. pertussis) adjuvants, as allergic rhinitis models, Ten rats in control group were investigated using physiological saline only. BMCs were separated from 2 ml blood which was extracted from rat heart at the end of sensitization, 10- hour after the first challenge and 10-hour after the final challenge, respectively. RT-PCR was utilized to detect the expression of T-bet and GATA-3.@*RESULT@#At the end of sensitization, 10-hour after the first challenge and 10-hour after the final challenge, in experimental group, Relative quantitation of expression of T-bet was 0.404 +/- 0.187, 1.676 +/- 0.708, 0.503 +/- 0.514 and that of GATA-3 was 0.434 +/- 0.147, 0.600 +/- 0.480, 1.029 +/- 0.690, respectively. While, In control group, Relative quantitation of expression of T-bet was 0.487 +/- 0.212, 0.486 +/- 0.148, 0.495 +/- 0.103 and and its of GATA-3 was 0.596 +/- 0.249, 0.474 +/- 0.101, 0.550 +/- 0.119, respectively. At 10-hour after the first challenge, relative quantitation of expression of T-bet in experimental group was increased markedly and there was significant difference compared with contol group (t=4.18, P<0.01). In experimental group, The amount of expression of T-bet at 10-hour after first challenge was higher than it at 10-hour after the final challenge and there was markedly difference (t=5.14, P<0.01). The amount of expression of T-bet at 10-hour after first challenge was increased significantly compared with it at the end of sensitization (t= 5.27, P<0.01). while, the expression of GATA-3 at 10-hour after final challenge was markedly increased compared with it at the end of sensitization (t= 3.51, P<0.05) and was higher than it at 10-hour after first challenge (t=2.53, P<0.05). At 10-hour after final challenge, The amount of expression of GATA-3 in experimental group was significantly higher than it in control group (t=2.71, P<0.05). However, both the expression of GATA-3 and T-bet had not markedly changed in control group.@*CONCLUSION@#It is thought that the development of allergic rhinitis is a successive and sequencing kinetic course, and imbalance of expression of GATA-3 and T-bet may be genetic base on allergic rhinitis, both GATA-3 and T-bet were involved in allergic rhinitis only in different phase of development of allergic rhinitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Asthma , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Female , GATA3 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rhinitis , Metabolism , T-Box Domain Proteins , Metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597458

ABSTRACT

[Objective]This study was designed to discover the expression of histamine H4 receptor in allergic rhinitis(AR)and its clinical significance.[Methods]Seventy-three patients with allergic rhinitis and 30 volunteers were recruited in our study.Western blot and Real-time fluorescent quantification PCR were used to detect the protein and mRNA expression of H4R on peripheral blood monocytes(PBMC).To analyze the relationship between the H4R and allergic rhinitis,the level of serum interleukin 4(IL-4)and interleukin 12(IL-12)were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbnent assay(ELISA)in the AR group.[Results]The protein and mRNA expression of H4R in the AR group were significantly higher than that in the NAR group.Person correlation analysis revealed that H4R was positively correlated with IL-4(r=0.71,P<0.01)and negatively correlated with IL-12(r=-0.50,P<0.01).The expression of H4R also had positive relationship with IL-4/IL-12 ratio(r=0.75,P<0.01).[Conclusion]These results indicate that histamine H4 receptor is closely related with allergic rhinitis and is important in the pathogenesis of AR.The elevated expression of H4R in AR patients' PBMC may be closely correlated with Th1/Th2 balance.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1034-1036, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398548

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between the expression of P53 protein and the radiosensitivity in patients with advanced maxillary squamous cell carcinoma.Methods An immunohistochomical method wag used to detect the expression of P53 protein in patients with advanced maxillary squamous cell carcinoma.The follow up time was 2 years.The local recurrence of the patients having been treated with radical surgery and affiliated radiotheraphy were analyzed.Results The overexpression of P53 protein in 26 cages was 65.4% (17/26).In the P53 overexpression group,the local recurrence after systiem therapy wag occurred in one case within 6 months,6 cages between 7~12 months.3 cages between 13~18 months and 2 cases between 19~24 months.In the P53 low expression group,there were no recurrence within 6 and 12 months and one case ocurred within 18 months.5 cages between 19~24 months.The difference of recurrence within 18 months after system therapy between the expression of P53 Wag statistically significant(P<0.05),but it Wag not significant for those within 24 months(P>0.05).Conclusions The expression of P53 protein Wag correlated with the radiosensitivity in patient with advaneed maxillary squamous cell carciaoma,especially for the resid.rod cells in mitosis phase.The affiliated radiotherapy after radical surgery Wag limited effect.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748347

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the pattern and value of the expression of T-bet in nasopharyngeal-associated lymphatic tissue (NALT) of patients with or without allergic rhinitis (AR).@*METHOD@#T-bet and CD4/T-bet expression in adenoids, tonsils and nasal mucosa was respectively detected with single stain and double stain of immunohistochemistry.@*RESULT@#The positive ratio of T-bet expression in tonsils, adenoids and nasal mucosa between AR group and the control group had statistically different (P < 0.05). There was statistical difference of T-bet expression in tonsils from AR group in three different age groups (P < 0.05). The difference was that T-bet expression in adults group was significantly lower than that in children group and adolescent group. There was no difference of T-bet expression among different age groups in non-AR group. There were some positive expression of CD4 and T-bet in tonsils, adenoids and nasal mucosa from two groups and most positive expression of T-bet on CD4 positive cell.@*CONCLUSION@#T-bet expression was down-regulated in NALT of patients with AR. T-bet expression of NALT is associated with allergic mucosal inflammation and functional status of NALT, as well as the weak Th1 response at the level of transfer factor in local mucosa of respiratory tract in AR patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Humans , Lymphoid Tissue , Metabolism , Palatine Tonsil , Metabolism , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial , Metabolism , T-Box Domain Proteins , Metabolism , Young Adult
6.
Immunological Journal ; (12): 506-510, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434069

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate T-bet mRNA expression on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and its relations with allergen specific IgE (SIgE), eosinophile cationic protein (ECP) levels, and allergic symptom in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR). Methods The allergen, SIgE, and ECP in serum of patients with AR were detected by Unicap CAP system. Blood samples were taken from 15 healthy controls and 35 house dust mite allergic patients. PBMC was isolated by density gradient centrifugation and one part of them was cultured with mite allergen at a concentration of 50 μg/mL. PBMC was subjected to analysis of T-bet mRNA expression using semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results The ratio of T-bet to β-actin mRNA levels was 0.418 ± 0. 101 in patients of AR and 0.706 ± 0.091 in healthy controls and the difference was significant (P < 0.01). The expression intensity of T-bet mRNA was not related to varying severity of allergic symptom and ECP levels ( r = - 0.227, - 0.033, P > 0.05). However, there was an inverse correlation between expression intensity of T-bet mRNA and SIgE concentration (r = -0.375, P < 0.05). There was a positive correlation between SIgE and allergic symptom scores ( r = 0.426, P < 0.05). After that PBMC was stimulated by mite allergen, the expression intensity of T-bet mRNA, ECP, and SIgE changed very little ( P > 0.05). Conclusion Down-regulated expression of T-bet mRNA in mite-AR patients is not related to serum ECP and symptom scores but one of important links in the mechanism of imbalance of Th1/Th2 in the occurrence of AR. Specific allergen has no effect on T-bet mRNA, ECP, and SIgE of children and adults with AR in vitro. The level of SIgE objectively and directly indicates the severity of allergic symptom, but T-bet did not. T-bet may be one of indirect factors which affect the level of IgE.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543563

ABSTRACT

Objective In order to identify cytotoxicity and specificity of the suicide gene systems which vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2(KDR) and CMV were used as promoters respectively. Methods Two cell lines, HUVEC and CNE-2, one expresses KDR highly,another doesn't, were used as target cells for identifying the cytotoxicity and specificity of recombinant adenoviral vectors with herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) gene expression driven by KDR promoter and CMV promoter respectively (pAdKDR-tk and pAdCMV-tk) in Vitro by adding GCV. Results HUVEC and CNE-2 showed similarly sensitivity to GCV when they were transfected by pAdCMV-tk. However, They shown different sensitivity to GCV when they were transfected by pAdKDR-tk. When HUVEC was transfected in high MOI (MOI=100) and concentration of GCV was 50 ?g/ml, The cell growth rate decreased to (23.12?4.90)% .On the contrary, CNE-2 cells growth rate remained as high as (70.46 ?3.27)%. Conclusion Two kinds of cell line CNE-2 and HUVEC can be killed by pAdCMV-tk suicide gene system, but pAdKDR-tk suicide gene system only can kill HUVEC cell line. The result implied that pAdKDR-tk could kill the cells that express KDR specifitly.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-411610

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the IL\|5 values in the tissue and secretion of nasal polyp. Methods: The concentrations of IL\|5, either in tissue homogenate or in nasal secretion, were measured by ELISA. The values of total protein in tissue homogenate were measured by Bradford colorimetry. In this study, 31 cases with nasal polyp, 8 patients with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR), 11 cases with chronic sinusitis (CS) and 6 control cases were chosen. Results: ① In tissue homogenate, the IL\|5 concentrations of nasal polyp were higher than that in CS or control group (P<0.001). ② In nasal secretion, IL\|5 values of both nasal polyp and PAR group were significantly higher than that in CS or control group (P<0.05). ③ When all cases or only patients with nasal polyp were taken as the subjects, the Pearson correlation coefficient were 0.70, 0.66 respectively. Conclusions: IL\|5 values, both in tissue homogenate and nasal secretion, are significantly higher, which suggested that there were a close relationship between IL\|5 and nasal polyp, and IL\|5 play a key role in the formation of nasal polyp.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433918

ABSTRACT

Objective:Detecting nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC) patients′olfactory before and after radiotherapy for investigating the infection of radiotherapy on these patients′olfactory.Method:100 NPC patients′olfactory were detected before the start of radiotherapy and after the termination of therapy in 3,6,12,24 and 36 months.Result:Patients′smell acuity decreased sharply 3 months after therapy,but varying degrees of recovery were noted in 6 and 12 months. However their smell acuity became worse in the following time.Conclusion:NPC patients′smell acuity can be profoundly affected by radiotherapy.And after radiotherapy, their smell acuity will decrease wave-likely and cannot fully recover.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433771

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression of IL-5 and its role in the formation and development ofnasal polyp. Method: 31 patients with nasal polyp, 11 patients with chronic sinusitis (CS) and 6 control cases werechosen . Their IL-5 concentration in tissue homogenate were measured by ELISA. All patients with chronic si-nusitis,control cases and 15 patients with nasal polyp were chosen to be counted eosinophils in their HE slice.Result :①The values of IL-5(pg/ml) in nasal polyp,CS and control group separately were .. 23.44± 6.68,16.41±3.09,12.86±4.17. IL-5 concentration in nasal polyp group was higher than that in the other two groups( P <0. 001). ②The numbers of eosinophils in nasal polyp ,CS and control group were 7.42±2.33,1.30± 0. 59,1.07±0.70 separately,the numbers of eosinophils in nasal polyp group were higher than that in CR or control group(P < 0.05). Conclusion: Nasal polyp is a disease characterized by eosinophilia, and IL-5 which activateseosinophil plays part role in the formation of nasal polyp.

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