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1.
Journal of Tradition Chinese Medicine ; (24): 1754-1758, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987107

ABSTRACT

@#The experience of famous and veteran physicians in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a supplement to the cognition of industry groups and a high-quality learning resource. Digital inheritance of the experience of famous and veteran TCM physicians refers to the use of digital technology to record, organize, protect, spread, share and innovate the knowledge, skills and experiences of famous and veteran TCM physicians, which helps to overcome the inefficiency of traditional experience inheritance and realize the inheritance and development of TCM culture. Digital inheritance has certain advantages in accessibility, loss resistance, accuracy, innovation ability and effectiveness, which can assist the digital preservation, analysis and excavation of the experience of famous and veteran TCM physicians, and is an important supplement to the traditional way of learning from teachers. Digital inheritance is usually divided into the following steps: building a database of TCM knowledge, building a database of experienced medical records of famous and veteran TCM physicians, discovering laws by data mining, and assisting clinical decision-making with machine learning. The digital inheritance of famous and veteran TCM physicians is not only the use of experience information, but also the process of innovation and productization based on experience, which may become a new service model of TCM diagnosis and treatment.

2.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1754-1758, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984527

ABSTRACT

The experience of famous and veteran physicians in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a supplement to the cognition of industry groups and a high-quality learning resource. Digital inheritance of the experience of famous and veteran TCM physicians refers to the use of digital technology to record, organize, protect, spread, share and innovate the knowledge, skills and experiences of famous and veteran TCM physicians, which helps to overcome the inefficiency of traditional experience inheritance and realize the inheritance and development of TCM culture. Digital inheritance has certain advantages in accessibility, loss resistance, accuracy, innovation ability and effectiveness, which can assist the digital preservation, analysis and excavation of the experience of famous and veteran TCM physicians, and is an important supplement to the traditional way of learning from teachers. Digital inheritance is usually divided into the following steps: building a database of TCM knowledge, building a database of experienced medical records of famous and veteran TCM physicians, discovering laws by data mining, and assisting clinical decision-making with machine learning. The digital inheritance of famous and veteran TCM physicians is not only the use of experience information, but also the process of innovation and productization based on experience, which may become a new service model of TCM diagnosis and treatment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1004-1007, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955584

ABSTRACT

Taking the curriculum integration of skin diseases as an example, this paper summarizes the skin diseases with high incidence in the army such as acne, tinea pedis, warts, folliculitis, corns and calluses, sunburns, etc. The results have been applied to the integration of the skin disease curriculum in Air Force Medical University. During the course integration process, we integrated the courses of dermatology, plastic surgery and burn surgery together, and simplified the teaching content according to the "organ-system" orientation and features of military medical university. In the teaching process, the PBL teaching method was used to guide the students to discuss with the problems. At the end of the course, the students were assessed by tests, and the satisfaction evaluation were carried out. The results showed that the application of high incidence of skin diseases in the army in curriculum integration can help improve the teaching effect and the satisfaction of students, which will provide a certain reference for the curriculum integration reform of military medical universities.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 382-386, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912631

ABSTRACT

Objective:As the amount of scientific reagents/consumables procurement in tertiary medical institutions increases year by year, it is necessary to seek for a more optimized operation mode for the current management needs to improve the procurement service and management of scientific reagents/consumables.Methods:Focused on the bottleneck problem of scientific research reagents/consumables procurement management, combined with the investigation of management mode in the same field and the review of relevant literature, a scientific research reagents/consumables procurement platform suitable for hospital was established, which was operated in the whole hospital for 2 years and continuingly improved.Results:The application of the scientific reagents/consumables procurement platform is expected to save 7%~8% of the scientific reagents/consumables related expenditure, which can make the scientific research procurement work standardized and simple, the procurement management precise and fast, and also provide favorable support for the prevention and control of epidemic diseases in hospitals.Conclusions:This platform is conducive to improving the service and management level of scientific reagents/consumables procurement in our hospital, and has conditions to expand the scope and increase the depth of management and service.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 278-283, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912611

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on the analysis of case report and case series studies involving COVID-19 pregnant women in China, we aimed to discuss the updated management requirements for publication of scientific papers at hospitals in the new circumstances and context.Methods:The case report and case series studies published by domestic scholars in the early stage of COVID-19 outbreak were retrieved. Bibliometrics were used to analyze the research time, research content and research objects of the included literatures.Results:Nearly 200 cases (55%) of the 360 cases of COVID-19 pregnant women could not be clearly excluded from the possibility of repeated reporting. However, all these cases were not disclosed in the paper for possible repeated report.Conclusions:Potential repeated report problem may cause trouble for later meta-analysis, which also may have negative impact for the development of clinical guidelines. The departments of scientific research management at hospital should pay more attention to the management of patient′s data in scientific papers, so that it can better serve the accurate assessment of disease characteristics and epidemic situation, as well as the scientific formulation of clinical guidelines and control strategies.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 34-38, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746296

ABSTRACT

Objective From the perspective of the application of Beijing Tongzhou district science and technology project,we can grasp the present situation,existing problems and opportunities of the hospital.Methods Taking the information of the application declared by Beijing Luhe Hospital in 2017 as the research object,using the Excel,statistical analysis of the applicants'age,professional title,degree and departments distribution;summing up the common problems of the expert feedback.Results The study found that the 144 subjects participated in the declaration had been laying particular stress on each of the five areas,including:research category,applicants‘ age,professional title,degree and department.Conclusions Based on the data of the application,we have made a preliminary discussion about the overall planning and management measures of the future hospital scientific research.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 358-361, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804955

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To isolate and identify human rhinovirus (HRV) from throat swab samples from patients with acute respiratory infection in Anhui Bengbu.@*Methods@#The throat swab specimens from 108 patients with acute upper respiratory tract infection diagnosed in the Anhui Bengbu were selected as samples. RNA was extracted and detected by HRV universal primers; H1-Hela cells were infected with the positive samples for virus isolation, and HRV VP1 gene amplification was performed and gene phylogenetic tree analysis of the successfully isolated HRV strains was done.@*Results@#Only 5 samples were positive for HRV by the real-time PCR, and only one sample showed significant cytopathic effects after three passages of H1-Hela cells were infected, and the HRV VP1 gene was amplified by RT-PCR in the sample that was named TYZQ201901. The sequence analysis showed that the VP1 nucleotide homology of the strain with other representative HRV A strains was over 95%. The gene phylogenetic tree analysis showed that the strain had the closest genetic distance to the RMH127/2013 strain, and both were on a branch and was confirmed to be HRV type A virus.@*Conclusions@#An HRV type A strain virus was isolated from throat swab samples from patients with acute respiratory infection in Anhui Province by the H1-Hela cells, and the HRV virus separation technology system were initially established.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 248-252, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804821

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the changes of endogenous small interfering RNA (siRNA) in H1-Hela cells infected with human rhinovirus 16 (HRV 16).@*Methods@#To determine whether HRV16 infection induced the changes of siRNA, H1-HeLa cells were infected with HRV16 for 12 h, 24 h and 36 h, siRNAs were detected by high-throughput sequencing, second-generation sequencing) and qRT-PCR.@*Results@#The result showed that siRNA was generated differently at different time points post-infection, among which novel_sir907 and novel_sir1950 decreased at three time points. Further validation by qRT-PCR showed that novel_sir907 decreased at 12 h, 24 h and 36 h post-infection compared with the cell control, but novel_sir1950 increased at 12 h then decreased at 24 h and 36 h.@*Conclusions@#HRV16 infection induces changes endogenous siRNAs.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 244-247, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804820

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of thapsigargin (TG) which can induce endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) on the replication of coxsackievirus B 3 (CV-B3).@*Methods@#After 10 MOI CV-B3 infected HeLa cells were exposed 0.25 μmol/L TG for 3 h, 6 h and 9 h, virus RNA of HeLa cells were extracted and viral replication was evaluated by real time PCR. After 0.25 μmol/L、0.08 μmol/L and 0.025 μmol/L TG exposed, the plaque of CV-B3 was used to confirm further replication of CV-B3. To verify TG induced ERS through three signal pathway, one of among PERK, ATF6 and IRE1 inhibitors GSK2656157, AEBSF and STF-083010, and 0.25 μmol/L TG were used in HeLa cells infected with 10 MOI CV-B3, replication of CV-B3 was evaluated by qRT-PCR.@*Results@#The stimulation of TG did not induce increase of virus replication after post-infection 3 h. However, TG induced replication of virus to increase 2.5 times after post-infection 6 h and 158.6 times after post-infection 9 h. And, the area of viral plaque was significantly increased. ATF6 inhibitors AEBSF significantly inhibited promotion of virus replication from TG.@*Conclusions@#TG can promote the replication of CV-B3 through ATF6 signal pathway.

10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 176-178, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756514

ABSTRACT

Objective Through analyzing and summarizing the experiences and reflections during the construction of regional medical scientific research alliance,to explore the ultimate goal and ideal model of such work.Methods Literature review,as well as working experience summary and analysis.Results The purpose of setting up regional medical scientific research alliance lies in shared regional medical scientific research data information,using the two-way transformation model of laboratory and clinical research to support the medical service of primary health care in local hospitals,at the same time,promoting the construction and development of regional medical alliance.The ideal model is to make good use of the regional clini cal scientific research data sharing platform and related information sharing platform to promote the collaborative development of regional medical scientific research.Conclusions The ultimate goal of collaborative development of scientific research is to establish "an information map of regional scientific research resources",the map can be used for scientific research project cooperation,resource allocation,integration of scientific research forces and training of talent echelon,thereby comprehensively improve the regional research capacity.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 343-347, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754310

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of Astograph methacholine provocation test in patients with chest tightness variant asthma ( CTVA)??Methods From January 2011 to February 2017,156 patients with CTVA in outpatient or inpatient department of respiratory medicine of Kailuan General Hospital affiliated to North China University of Science and Technology were selected as case group ( chest tightness variant asthma group )??The control group were 361 non?asthmatic patients including interstitial lung disease ( 23 cases), coronary disease ( 157 cases), hypertensive cardiopathy ( 22 cases), myocardiosis (16 cases),congenital heart disease ( 3 cases),rheumatic valvular heart disease (6 cases), central airway disease (3 cases),thyromegaly (10 cases),mediastinal tumor (5 cases),thoracic or spinal deformity (8 cases),phrenoparalysis (2 cases) and vegetative nerve functional disturbance (106 cases)??All participants received pulmonay ventilation test, average daily and nightly variation rate of PEF ( Peak expiratory flow) or PEF weekly variability, Astograph methacholine provocation test ( forced expirataory volume in one second≥70% expectation),and other relevant examinations??The diagnostic value of Astograph methacholine provocation test on CTVA was assessed by analyzing the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value,negative predictive value,and Yunden index of Astograph methacholine airway??Results Compared with the control group (( 1??18 ± 0??44)%), theforced expiratory flow from 75% of Forced vital capcacity ( FEF75 ) index of CTVA group (( 1??29 ± 0??50 )%) had significant difference (, t= 2??96, P=0??006)??The sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,negative predictive value,Yunden index,and diagnostic accuracy of Astograph methacholine provocation test on CTVA were 0??814,0??695,0??536,0??305, 0??509 and 0??731, respectively??Conclusion The sensitivity, negative predictive value, Yunden index and diagnostic accuracy of Astograph methacholine provocation test on CTVA were higher,whereas the specificity and positive predictive value were relatively lower,suggesting that Astograph methacholine provocation test had a reliable diagnostic value on CTVA,with lower false negative and higher false positive??

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 433-436, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735077

ABSTRACT

Objective To achieve the hospital's scientific research objectives during the 13th five-year plan period,we designed to know about the potential NSFC application capacity and existed problems in our hospital.Methods Using "Questionnaire Star" network investigation platform to design questionnaire and conduct data analysis.Results Respondents are divided into two groups,one was who intend to apply in next three years while the other would not.it is found that there are obvious differences between the publication of SCI,as well as the previous research project application and conducting experiences.Conclusions In order to improve the rate of NSFC application,the hospital scientific management workers can consider doing the following:Improve the number of SCI papers published from the perspective of helping to encourage and forcing pressure.Strive for financial support from all parties and build a central experimental platform to create conditions for basic experiments for clinical medical workers.Regular and in time training for NSFC application.Some pressure when necessary to promote the extension of low-level study.Pay more attention to the incentives of research performance at the department level.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 158-160,封3-封4, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712266

ABSTRACT

Objective Sharing and exploring the efficient development of scientific research management with peers in large tertiary general hospital.Methods This article took the whole process management of scientific research in our hospital during the past five years as example,analyzed and elaborated the quality control and related safeguarding measures.Results According to the comparison between 2012 and 2016,the number of SCI papers published,the number of National Natural Science Funding and other important indicators all have been increased significantly in our hospital.Conclusions The implementation of the whole process quality control management and security measures of scientific research helps hospital to achieve initial and efficient development in research management.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 186-189,193, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620851

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the lean management model for the application of National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC).Methods Under the framework of lean management,Peking University Third Hospital (PUTH) tapped potential through the earlier stage survey and policy guidance,focused on improving efficiency based on discipline and talent,curriculum service were also provided to bolster application quality.This paper reviewed the NSFC application situation of PUTH in 2014 2016 and compared with 2011-2013,summarized the management experience.Results All the indexes increased significantly during 2014-2016,also achieved a breakthrough in talent projects.Compared with 2011 2013,the application number of 2014-2016 increased by 34.8%,meanwhile,both the support number and amount of NSFC increased 44.2% and 111.6 % respectively.We also achieved 71.8% growth and added 5 experts in high end talent projects.Conclusions The lean management significantly improves the management efficiency,and we hope to make reference to other clinical hospitals in promoting basic research management.

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