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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782435

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) continues to spread throughout the country, and the prevention and control of the epidemic has entered a critical period. However, southern cities with severe outbreaks are about to enter the seasonal influenza season. We should strengthen the epidemiological investigation, optimize the laboratory testing strategy, take effective measures, strengthen the prevention and control of influenza epidemic, and minimize the interference to the new coronavirus epidemic.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1113-1121, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779978

ABSTRACT

The abnormal activation of hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway plays an important role in the development and progression of glioblastoma (GBM). As a transcription factor at the end of the HH pathway, the final effector of glioma-associated oncogene homoglog-1 (GLI1) is an important target in the treatment of GBM. The study was designed to evaluate the anti-tumor activities and mechanisms of a novel GLI1 inhibitor FL18 in GBM. MTT and colony formation assay were performed to determine anti-proliferation activity of FL18 in vitro. The effect of FL18 on cell apoptosis was measured by flow cytometry (FCM) analysis. Transwell experiment was used to explore the inhibitory activity of FL18 in cell invasion. In vivo experiments, the subcutaneously transplanted and orthotopic U-87 MG GBM xenograft model were used to study the activity of FL18 on tumor growth. The optimized dual report gene screening model was used to detect the effect of FL18 on the transcriptional activity of GLI1. Western blot assay was used to study the mechanisms of action of FL18. The results showed that the IC50 of FL18 in glioblastoma was in the nanomole level in vitro. It was observed that 22.5 and 45 mg·kg-1 FL18 reduced the tumor volume with the rate of 55.4% and 89.8% in xenograft model in mice in situ. The IC50 of FL18 on the inhibition of GLI1 transcriptional activity was 3.32×10-11 mol·L-1 analyzed by the optimized dual report gene screening model. By the Western blot experiments, it was proved that FL18 inhibited expression of GLI1 without influencing the upstream canonical HH/SMO signaling and cross-talk oncogenic pathway, such as ERK and AKT signaling. The results also demonstrated that FL18 significantly downregulated GLI1 target genes such as Bcl-2, MMP2 and MMP9 and increased the expression of c-caspase3, c-PARP and Bax. These data suggest that FL18 may generate the anti-glioma activity by inhibition of GLI1.

3.
KMJ-Kuwait Medical Journal. 2014; 46 (1): 57-59
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-152334

ABSTRACT

Adenocarcinoma of appendiceal stump is extremely rare, with only four such patients reported to date. It has no specific clinical signs, symptoms, or radiologic features, making preoperative diagnosis difficult. Secondary right hemicolectomy is recommended and is difficult to perform, with peritoneal dissemination and lymph node metastases sometimes found at the second operation. We report on a case of a 72-year-old patient who underwent an appendectomy in 2005 and was admitted because of a 3-month history of repeated constipation with vomiting. He was not relieved with the use of gastrokinetic drugs. Initial diagnosis was chronic adhesive intestinal obstruction due to previous lower abdominal surgery. He recovered well postoperatively. A histological examination showed a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma of the appendiceal stump

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1705-1709, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298022

ABSTRACT

To screen the harmful substance 5-hydroxymethyl furfural content in commercially available traditional Chinese medicine injection which are commonly used, and to preliminarily evaluate the quality of these injections, 5-hydroxymethyl furfural was taken as an index. The contents of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural in 56 samples which consist of 23 kinds of traditional Chinese medicine injections and glucose injection were determined using LC-MS/MS, and 5-hydroxymethyl furfural was detected in 52 of these samples. The minimal content was 0.0038 microg x L(-1) and the maximum content was 1420 microg x mL(-1). The contents of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural were significantly different in traditional Chinese medicine injection which came from different kinds, manufacturers or batches. The results showed the quality difference of commercially available traditional Chinese medicine injection is significant taking 5-hydroxymethyl furfural content as assessment index. More attention should be paid to the safety of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural in traditional Chinese medicine injection, and unified limitation standard should be set to improve medication safety of traditional Chinese medicine injection.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Eleutherococcus , Chemistry , Furaldehyde , Glucose , Chemistry , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247098

ABSTRACT

Ecological methodology plus negative binomial regression were used to identify dengue fever (DF) epidemiological status and its relationship with meteorological variables. From 2007 to 2012, annual incidence rate of DF in Guangzhou was 0.33, 0.11, 0.15, 0.64, 0.45, and 1.34 (per 100 00) respectively, showing an increasing trend. Each 1° C rise of temperature corresponded to an increase of 10.23% (95% Cl 7.68% to 12.83%) in the monthly number of DF cases, whereas 1 hPa rise of atmospheric pressure corresponded to a decrease in the number of cases by 5.14% (95% Cl: 7.10%-3.14%). Likewise, each one meter per second rise in wind velocity led to an increase by 43.80% or 107.53%, and one percent rise of relative humidity led to an increase by 2.04% or 2.19%.


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Epidemiology , Dengue , Epidemiology , Humans , Weather , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242687

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the risk of human infection after the outbreak of avian influenza H5N1 in animals, and probe the possibility for virus transmission.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>By means of field epidemiological study, molecular epidemiology, serology and emergency surveillance, persons who had ever closely contacted with sick or dead poultry were observed. While, the RT-PCR and gene sequencing method were used to detect H5 nucleic acid from environmental swabs from 4 epidemic spots, and hemagglutination inhibition assay was also used to detect H5 antibody.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 22 environmental swabs detected from 4 epidemic spots, one was positive for H5 nucleic acid, and the homogeneity was 95.9% as compared with H5N1 virus A/China/GD01/2006 (H5N1) found in Guangzhou in 2006 by gene sequence analysis. 62 environmental swabs from live poultry stalls of food markets near epidemic spot were detected negative. Six of 68 blood samples of contacts were positive for H9 antibody, and all were negative for H5 antibody. 68 throat swabs of contacts were detected negative for H5 nucleic acid. No close contact was found abnormal after 7 days medical observation. 337 influenza-like cases were reported in emergency surveillance, and no suspicious case was found.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The current outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza in water fowls has not yet caused further transmission, and human avian influenza case has not been observed. It indicates that the ability of H5N1 virus to transmit to human is not strong yet, and the risk of human infection for H5N1 is still low.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Blood , China , Epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Ducks , Humans , Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype , Genetics , Virulence , Influenza in Birds , Epidemiology , Influenza, Human , Epidemiology , Risk Assessment
7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 684-686, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266461

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the first locally identifcd A/HINI secondary cases outbreak in China. Methods Interview and field investigation were integrated to describe the whole process of transmission on each case and to illustrate the relationships between the onset of the disease and the retated factors. Results Two contact persons appearanced fever and whose throat swabs were tested positive to H1N1 viral nucleic acid. The two had a history of contact in a short distance with the initial imported case without any protective measure in the poor air ventilation. The patients clinical situation was slight. The incubation was between 37 hours and 57 hours. No other new case was found after intervention as isolation and antisepsis were taken. Conclusion This event was proved to be an outbreak of local A/H1N1 secondary cases caused by the imported case. The main mode of transmission was personal contact in a short distance without protection, through air and droplet. The locus with poor air ventilation was high risk place. Contact persons should be observed seven days and tested continuously.Infectivity and pathogenicity of the A/H1N1 virus were limited and appeared weakened by generations. Patient's condition was related with persistence and frequency of contact with the infection sources. Enhancing management of contact persons, health education, early diagnose, early treatment and early insulation were effective measures of controling and prenventing the spread A/H1N1.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325121

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the relation of the detection rates of the novel influenza virus A/H1N1 RNA in clinically confirmed patients in the 2009 pandemic with the age distribution of the patients and the disease course.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 151 clinical patients with H1N1 infection were enrolled in this study, from whom 833 dynamic throat swab samples were obtained for detecting the H1N1 RNA using real-time PCR. A statistical analysis of the age distribution was performed among the patients with different disease courses. Chi-square for trend test was used to study the correlation between the detection rates of H1N1 RNA and the time of disease onset.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The majority of patients were young with their ages ranging from 10 to 20 years (57.26%) and 20 to 30 years (22.18%). Chi-square for trend test revealed that the positivity rates of the throat swabs in the patients decreased with the prolongation of the disease course (chi(2)=9.784, P=0.002).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Most of the H1N1 patients are young within the age range of 10-30 years, and the longest disease course can exceed 10 days. The positivity rates of throat swabs from the H1N1 patients decreases with the prolongation of the disease course.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , Child , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Genetics , Influenza, Human , Epidemiology , Virology , Male , Pharynx , Virology , RNA, Viral , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Young Adult
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1111-1113, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321035

ABSTRACT

Objective To conduct serological investigation on H5N1/H9N2/H7N7 infection among people occupied in poultry fields. Methods Serum samples were collected from people working in live poultry and none-poultry retailing food markets, poultry wholesaling, large-scale poultry breading factories and in small-scale farms, wide birds breeding, swine slaughtering houses and from normal population. Antibodies of H5, H9 and H7 with hemagglutination inhibition and neutralization tests were tested and analyzed. Logistic regression and χ2 test were used. Results Among 2881 samples, 4 were positive to H5-Ab(0.14%), 146 were positive to H9-Ab (5.07%) and the prevalence of H9 among people from live poultry retailing (14.96%) was the highest. Prevalence rates of H9 were as follows: 8.90% in people working in the large-scale poultry breading factories, 6.69% in the live poultry wholesaling business, 3.75% in the wide birds breeding, 2.40% in the swine slaughtering, 2.21% in the non-poultry retailing, 1.77% in the rural poultry farmers and 2.30% in normal population. None was positive to H7-Ab among 1926 poultry workers. Conclusion The H5 prevalence among people was much lower than expected, but the H9 prevalence was higher. None of the populations tested was found positive to H7-Ab. There was a higher risk of AIV infection in live poultry retailing, wholesaling and large-scale breading businesses, with the risk of live poultry retailing the highest. The longer the service length was, the higher the risk existed.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 887-890, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298359

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and risk factors for anxiety among inhabitants in the relief centers one month after the 5·12 Sichuan earthquake and to formulate intervention strategies.Methods A total of 402 tent inhabitants aged ≥18 years were randomly sdected from 13 relief centers of 4 townships in Jiangyou city.Data were collected by Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and risk factor questionnaires.Results The prevalence of anxiety among inhabitants in the relief centers was 22.1%(95%CI:18.2%-26.6%)(89/402).In single factor analysis,female,aged ≥40 years,family per-capita monthly income of <600 Yuan,education level of less than junior high school,inconvenient living conditions,history of chronic diseases,limited living space in tents,shortage of goods,and sex life being interrupted etc might increase anxiety.In multi-factor analysis,female (OR=2.921),inconvenient living conditions (OR=2.475),history of chronic diseases (OR=3.997),and limited living space in tents (OR=2.982) were the risk factors for anxiety.Conclusion Inhabitants in the relief centers exhibited higher prevalence of anxiety as compared with the general population.Measures to improve the living conditions of the relief centers,inehiding guarantee of water,electricity and material supply,sewage treatment,living space and privacy,and early psychological interventions were recommended for prevention and relief of anxiety.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352424

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prevalence of anxiety among tent inhabitants one month after the 5.12 Sichuan earthquake as to formulating intervention strategies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A stratified random sampling method was adopted. Inclusion criteria were: inhabitants, aged above 18 years old, living in tent in 13 relief centers of 4 townships in Jiangyou city; and only one person from each tent/family could be enrolled in this study. A total of 402 subjects were interviewed with Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). SAS scores were compared between different groups and symptomatic differences between anxiety and non-anxiety victims were analyzed by stepwise multiple regression analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The prevalence of anxiety among tent inhabitants was 22.1% (89/402). A higher rate of anxiety was observed in senior age group than in younger age group (F = 7.03, P < 0.01). Age with > or = 50 years (42.85 +/- 11.15), 40-49 years (41.57 +/- 10.30), 30-39 years (37.99 +/- 9.66), 18-29 years (36.62 +/- 9.92). Female (43.13 +/- 10.45) had a high rate of anxiety than male (36.80 +/- 9.88) (t = -6.09, P < 0.01). The most common symptoms were anxiety (79.4%, 319/402), fatigue (68.2%, 274/402), phobia (65.7%, 264/402), sleep disorders (65.4%, 263/402), unfortunate feelings (65.2% , 262/402), akathisia (59.7%, 240/402), and fear (58.2%, 234/402). Stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that insane feelings(t = 5.37, P < 0.01), trembling(t = 5.33, P < 0.01), dyspnea (t = 4.28, P < 0.01), unfortunate feelings (t = 3.87, P < 0.01), headache(t = 3.85, P < 0.01), facial flushing (t = 3.48, P <0.01), fatigue (t = 3.27, P < 0.01), dizziness (t = 2.79, P < 0.01), frequent micturition (t = 2.41, P < 0.05), and akathisia (t = 2.31, P < 0.05) were more frequently experienced in the anxiety victims than non-anxiety victims.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Tent inhabitants in the post-earthquake relief centers exhibit a higher prevalence of anxiety as compared with the general population. Much attention should be paid to elderly, female, and those who have developed specific symptoms such as insane feelings, trembling, dyspnea, etc. Meanwhile, some intervention measures should be timely taken.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Age Distribution , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anxiety , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Disasters , Earthquakes , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Residence Characteristics , Sex Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247345

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is one of the most common hereditary colon cancer syndromes accounting for 1%-5% of all colorectal cancer cases. Germline mutations in at least five genes coding for DNA mismatch repair (MMR) proteins are associated with the clinical phenotype of HNPCC. More than 400 MMR mutations have been identified in HNPCC patients, and about 40% of mutations affect MSH2 gene including nucleotide substitutions, deletions, and insertions. Only a few mutations have been reported in Chinese families.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A Chinese family with HNPCC was collected and peripheral blood of individuals from the family was obtained. Mutation analysis was performed on genomic DNA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The family fulfilled Amsterdam criteria I, and 17 people out of 31 were diagnosed as malignant tumor for 21 times. Twelve people (70.6%) had rectal cancer, and the onset age was young with an average of 42.9 years old. Right side colon cancer was common in the family. A novel duplication mutation of four nucleotides in exon 7 MSH2 (MSH2: c.1215_1218dupCCGA) was found, which result in a premature stop 10 codons downstream in MSH2 (p.L407fsX417) in the family. Site-specific PCR was applied to the pre-symptomatic diagnosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This novel genomic mutation MSH2 was confirmed to be pathogenic, and polymerase chain reaction with modified primer was successfully applied to the pre-symptomatic diagnosis. These data expand the spectrum MSH2 mutations causing HNPCC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Asians , Genetics , Base Sequence , China , Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis , Ethnology , Genetics , DNA Mismatch Repair , Genetics , Family Health , Female , Germ-Line Mutation , Genetics , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , MutS Homolog 2 Protein , Genetics , Pedigree , Polymerase Chain Reaction
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813750

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the rules of lymphatic metastasis of rectal carcinoma, and to help clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed in the 979 patients with rectal carcinoma who underwent surgical resection from 1995 to 2004. The associations between lymphatic metastasis and clinicopathologic variables were evaluated by Chi-squared test and logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#The rate of lymph node metstasis was 71.4% for patients younger than 30 years old, 40.7% in the patients with tumor diameters over 6 centimeters, 82.5% in the patients with extraneous tumor invasion, 71.6% for patients of poor-differentiated adenocarcinoma, 70.4% for patients with mucoid adenocarcinoma, 100% for patients with signet-ring cell carcinoma and 46.4% for patients with more than half intestinal circumference invasion. Logistic regression analysis showed that the degree of lymphatic metastasis was related to the differentiating degrees, depths of tumor invasion and intestinal circumference invasion, and the differentiating degree was the major factor.@*CONCLUSION@#The lymphatic metastasis of rectal carcinoma is related to age, tumor size, intestinal circumference invasion, depth of tumor invasion and the differentiating degree of the tumor; the differentiating degree is the major factor.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Pathology , Adult , Age Factors , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell , Pathology , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Rectal Neoplasms , Pathology , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813735

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a genetic diagnosis method for a novel MSH2 mutation.@*METHODS@#A specific primer on the mutated site of MSH2 was synthesized and PCR was conducted using the specific primer and another downstream primer. PCR products were electrophoresed and then the carriers with the novel gene mutation of the carriers or non-carriers were identified.@*RESULTS@#MSH2 in a hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer family were successfully found.@*CONCLUSION@#The method is effective and simple for genetic diagnosis of the novel mutation in MSH2.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis , Genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Molecular Sequence Data , MutS Homolog 2 Protein , Genetics , Pedigree , Point Mutation , Polymerase Chain Reaction
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813578

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical significance of serum hepatitis C virus (HCV) core antigen detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).@*METHODS@#The serum HCV core antigen, which was taken from 149 patients with chronic hepatitis C, 20 patients of chronic hepatitis B and 20 health volunteers, was detected by ELISA. Meanwhile, the serum HCV RNA was detected by RT-PCR, and anti-HCV was detected by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The qualitative HCV core antigen in the serum, which was take from 20 patients of chronic hepatitis B and 20 health volunteers, was negative.The positive percentage of HCV core antigen was 49.66% in the 149 sera of patients with chronic hepatitis C. The coincidence of detective results of HCV RNA and HCV core antigen was 54.36%, without significant difference (P>0.05). The positive percentage of HCV RNA and HCV core antigen in the 149 anti-HCV antibody positive sera samples were 55.03% (82/149) and 49.66% (74/149), respectively, and there was no significant difference (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The qualitative HCV core antigen detected by ELISA has a high specificity. The positive percentage of HCV core antigen in the serum of patients with chronic hepatitis C is 49.66%. HCV core antigen is related to HCV RNA. HCV core antigen may be a useful serum marker which could show HCV viraemia like HCV RNA.


Subject(s)
Hepatitis C Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Blood , Humans , RNA, Viral , Blood , Viral Core Proteins , Blood
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