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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920423

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between family background and parental support and adolescents physical activity and motor skills, and to provide a corresponding theoretical basis for the health promotion of children and adolescents in China.@*Methods@#From November to December 2019, 140 junior high school students aged 12-14 years in a junior high school in Shanxi Province were selected, and physical activity was recorded for 7 days using an ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer. The Activity Support Scale for Children (ACTS CN) was used to evaluate parents support and attitude towards children s activities and behaviors. The Canadian Agility and Movement Skill Assessment (CAMSA) was used to evaluate the motor ability development of adolescents.@*Results@#The daily participation time in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was (40.57±13.54) and (31.65± 9.98 ) min for males and females, respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( t =4.44, P <0.05); The average motor skill scores were (10.8±1.9) and (10.1±1.9), and completion times were (17.7±2.8) and (19.1±2.5)s, respectively; regression analyses showed that mothers education, monthly household income, mothers attention to children s exercise and fathers support for club participation were all significantly associated with adolescents MVPA ( B =-0.28,-0.16,-0.16, 0.18, P <0.05). Parental provision of exercise space was significantly associated with motor ability ( r =0.17, 0.17, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Parents with higher levels of education have a more positive influence on their children s physical activity participation. Parental presence can contribute to a certain extent to the level of physical activity of adolescents, and a supportive environment provided from parents can positively influence the level of motor skills of adolescents.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 446-452, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922907

ABSTRACT

As one of the "Three Drugs Three Prescriptions" anti-COVID-19 traditional Chinese medicine, Jinhua Qinggan granules (JHQG) has been proved to have clear clinical effects. With complex medicinal flavors and ingredients, there is no systematic research report on chemical composition in vivo or in vitro. An ultrahigh pressure liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF/MS) method was developed in this study to identify the components of the anti-COVID-19 traditional Chinese medicine JHQG granules. Analyze the collected rat plasma samples after administration and explore the exposed components in rats within 8 hours after intragastric administration. Preliminary pharmacokinetic analysis was then performed on this basis. Through UPLC-QTOF/MS analysis and verification by standard products, a total of 77 chemical components in JHQG formula have been identified, among which 22 compounds were highly exposed in vivo, mainly derived from three medicinal materials of honeysuckle, scutellaria and forsythia. Through the assessment of the blood drug concentration by the compartment model, 6 PK parameters of 4 high-exposure chemical components have been obtained, clarifying the metabolic characteristics of the main exposed components in JHQG briefly. The method is simple, efficient, sensitive and accurate and provides research basis to the clarification of the pharmacodynamics material basis and mechanism of JHQG, which has certain reference significance for the basics and applications research of the traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions in fighting the SARS-CoV-2.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921972

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of five Chinese pedigrees affected with short stature.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was carried out for the clinical data and results of genetic testing for the probands. A literature search was also conducted.@*RESULTS@#The five probands have all featured short stature with a family history. Genetic testing has revealed that they have harbored variants of the ACAN gene, including p.Val2042Argfs*6, p.Val1597del, c.630-1G>A, c.23delT and c.2026+1G>A(previously reported).@*CONCLUSION@#Except for short stature, children harboring heterozygous variants of the ACAN gene may have no involvement of other systems. Some of these children may response to short-term growth hormone treatment.


Subject(s)
Aggrecans/genetics , Body Height/genetics , Child , China , Genetic Testing , Humans , Pedigree , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1338-1342, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921056

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of @*METHODS@#A total of 74 patients with RIF of thin endometrium type undergoing freeze-thaw embryo transfer were randomly divided into an observation group (37 cases) and a control group (37 cases). The patients in the control group were treated with freeze-thaw embryo transfer in hormone replacement cycle, and the estradiol valerate tablets were taken orally from the fifth day of menstruation, 2 mg per day. On the basis of the control group, the observation group was additionally treated with @*RESULTS@#The clinical pregnancy rate was 37.8% (14/37) in the observation group, which was higher than 16.2% (6/37) in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of conventional medication,


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Embryo Transfer , Endometrium , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Rate
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912499

ABSTRACT

Objective:Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) was used to detect the species and content of metabolites in urine of patients with inherited metabolic diseases, and to explore the application value of NMR technology in the diagnosis of inherited metabolic diseases.Methods:Urine samples were collected from 20 patients with inherited metabolic diseases diagnosed in Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from March to June 2019, including 9 cases of methylmalonic acidemia (MMA). NMR pulse length-based concentration determination and Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) semi-quantitative method were used to detect the composition of metabolites in urine samples of patients with inherited metabolic diseases, and the levels of abnormal metabolites in the two methods were analyzed.Results:NMR technology can detect the levels of characteristic metabolites significantly increased in the urine of patients with MMA, isovalerinemia, glutaric acidemia, propionic acidemia, 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase deficiency, ornithine carbamyltransferase deficiency, Citrin deficiency, Canavan disease, tyrosinemia and lysinuria protein intolerance. The average is 8 times of the upper limit of the reference value, and the highest is 545 times. Compared to GC/MS, NMR technology can detect the levels of various metabolites such as organic acids, amino acids and sugars. In 9 cases of untreated MMA,the median levels of methylmalonic acid and 3-hydroxypropionic acid in NMR [1 800 (180-12 000) and 50 (0-270) mmol/mol Cr] were higher than the reference values (0-31, 0-35). The median levels of methylmalonic acid and methylmalonic acid in GC/MS [136.56 (43.79-518.67) and 4.87 (1.52-7.52)] were higher than the reference values (0-4 and 0-0.7).Conclusions:NMR and GC/MS technologies are specific for the diagnosis of organic acidemia. The primary component detected by GC/MS is organic acid. NMR technology can break through this limitation and measure the level of various metabolites in urine, which provides a more theoretical basis for the diagnosis and research of inherited metabolic disease.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878418

ABSTRACT

Cartilage stem cells (CSCs) are cells that self-proliferate, have surface antigen expression, and have multidirectional differentiation potential in the articular cartilage. CSCs, as an ideal source of stem cells, has a good application prospect in stem cell therapy. This article reviews the CSCs markers, cartilage differentiation signaling pathway, and clinical treatment of osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Cartilage, Articular , Cell Differentiation , Chondrocytes , Humans , Osteoarthritis , Stem Cells
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877670

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the impacts on weight reduction effect treated with acupoint thread embedding therapy at different tissue levels under ultrasonic guidance.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 patients with overweight or obesity were randomized into a shallow-tissue thread embedding group (35 cases, 5 cases dropped off) and a deep-tissue thread embedding group (35 cases, 4 cases dropped off). Under ultrasonic guidance, the thread was embedded in the shallow tissue level and the deep tissue level respectively. The acupoints were Zhongwan (CV 12), Xiawan (CV 10), Shuifen (CV 9), Zhongji (CV 3), etc. The thread embedding therapy was exerted once every 2 weeks, totally for 3 times. Before and 2 weeks after treatment, body mass, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and hip circumference were recorded in the patients of the two groups separately. After each treatment, the number and the property of blood vessels under each acupoint were detected by ultrasound. Besides, the needling sensation and the intensity were scored and the adverse events were observed after thread embedding therapy.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the reduction range of body mass, BMI and waist circumference in the deep-tissue thread embedding group were larger than those in the shallow-tissue thread embedding group successively (@*CONCLUSION@#The deep-tissue thread embedding therapy achieves the stronger


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Body Mass Index , Catgut , Humans , Ultrasonics , Weight Loss
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877619

ABSTRACT

The evolution from "vessel dominated by heart" of "heart dominating pericardium meridian of hand-


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Hand , Meridians , Moxibustion , Pericardium
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876066

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the clinical features and prognosis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. Methods    A total of 379 confirmed COVID-19 patients admitted to Public Health Clinical Center of Chengdu from January 16 to November 30, 2020 were divided into two groups including an elderly group (42 patients, ≥60 years) and a non-elderly group (337 patients, <60 years) by age. The epidemiology, clinical features, laboratory tests, treatment and prognosis of the two groups were compared. Results    Among the 379 patients, 286 (75.5%) were males and 93 (24.5%) were females, aged from 2 months to 87 years, with an average age of 41.2 years. The average age of the elderly group was 69.5 years, and 61.9% of them were females. They were imported from Wuhan or local secondary patients (73.8%), mainly common or critical type (88.1%). While, the average age of the non-elderly group was 37.8 years, and males were more common (80.1%). There were mostly from foreign input (75.7%), mainly mild or ordinary type (95.0%). A total of 179 patients (47.2%) had one or more underlying diseases. Hypertension (15 patients, 35.7%) and diabetes (11 patients, 26.2%) were more common in the elderly group, while non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (132 patients, 39.2%) was more frequent in the non-elderly group. The most common clinical manifestations were fever (138 patients, 36.4%) and cough (129 patients, 34.0%). Fever, cough, dyspnea, and fatigue were more common in the elderly group than those in the non-elderly group (P<0.05). Compared with the non-elderly group, the elderly group had lower total lymphocyte count, CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell count, higher level of myocardial injury or inflammation markers (P<0.05). Abnormal echocardiography in 139 patients (36.7%) was mainly caused by decreased left ventricular diastolic function (22.7%) and heart valve regurgitation (14.0%), and the rate in the elderly group was significantly higher than that in the non-elderly group (85.7% vs. 30.6%, P<0.05). After treatment, 3 patients in the elderly group died, and the others were cured and discharged. The hospitalization duration of the elderly group was longer than that of the non-elderly group (22.1 d vs. 18.8 d, P=0.033). Conclusions    Elderly COVID-19 patients are mainly imported from Wuhan or secondary to the local population, mainly common or critical type, often associated with basic diseases such as hypertension or diabetes. While, non-elderly COVID-19 patients are mainly imported from abroad, mainly mild or common type, often associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. After treatment, most of the patients have a good prognosis.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1819-1827, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887610

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Twin pregnancies continue to increase worldwide; however, the current clinical prenatal evaluation for the intrauterine growth of twins still relies on the growth standards of singletons. We attempted to establish a set of fetal biometric references for Chinese twin pregnancies, stratified by chorionicity and conception mode as spontaneously conceived monochorionic diamniotic (SC-MCDA), spontaneously conceived dichorionic diamniotic (SC-DCDA), and assisted reproductive technology dichorionic diamniotic (ART-DCDA) twins.@*METHODS@#From 2016 to 2019, the ultrasonographic fetal biometric measurements were longitudinally collected in pregnant women, including fetal weight, biparietal diameter, head circumference, abdominal circumference, femur length, and humerus length. The linear mixed models were used to test the difference of growth patterns between groups, and the growth curve of each biometric parameter was modeled by a generalized additive model for location scale and shape.@*RESULTS@#A total of 929 twin pregnant women and 2019 singleton pregnant women, met the inclusion criteria. Among twin pregnancies, 148 were SC-MCDA, 215 were SC-DCDA, and 566 were ART-DCDA twins. Overall, SC-DCDA twins grew faster than SC-MCDA twins, while slower than ART-DCDA twins (all P < 0.05), and all of the three groups showed significant differences comparing with singletons, especially during the third trimester. Hence, the customized fetal growth charts of each fetal biometric parameter were, respectively, constructed for SC-MCDA, SC-DCDA, and ART-DCDA twins.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The fetal biometric trajectories demonstrated characteristic patterns according to chorionicity and conception mode. To fill the gap, we modeled fetal biometric parameters for Chinese SC-MCDA, SC-DCDA, and ART-DCDA twin pregnancies, hoping to provide a reference for the further establishment of fetal growth reference values for Chinese twin fetuses.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Fetal Development , Growth Charts , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Twin , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1602-1609, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887587

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hypertension is considered an important risk factor for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The commonly anti-hypertensive drugs are the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), and beta-blockers. The association between commonly used anti-hypertensive medications and the clinical outcome of COVID-19 patients with hypertension has not been well studied.@*METHODS@#We conducted a retrospective cohort study that included all patients admitted with COVID-19 to Huo Shen Shan Hospital and Guanggu District of the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province, Wuhan, China. Clinical and laboratory characteristics were extracted from electronic medical records. Hypertension and anti-hypertensive treatment were confirmed by medical history and clinical records. The primary clinical endpoint was all-cause mortality. Secondary endpoints included the rates of patients in common wards transferred to the intensive care unit and hospital stay duration. Logistic regression was used to explore the risk factors associated with mortality and prognosis. Propensity score matching was used to balance the confounders between different anti-hypertensive treatments. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to compare the cumulative recovery rate. Log-rank tests were performed to test for differences in Kaplan-Meier curves between different groups.@*RESULTS@#Among 4569 hospitalized patients with COVID-19, 31.7% (1449/4569) had a history of hypertension. There were significant differences in mortality rates between hypertensive patients with CCBs (7/359) and those without (21/359) (1.95% vs. 5.85%, risk ratio [RR]: 0.32, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.13-0.76, χ2 = 7.61, P = 0.0058). After matching for confounders, the mortality rates were similar between the RAAS inhibitor (4/236) and non-RAAS inhibitor (9/236) cohorts (1.69% vs. 3.81%, RR: 0.43, 95% CI: 0.13-1.43, χ2 = 1.98, P = 0.1596). Hypertensive patients with beta-blockers (13/340) showed no statistical difference in mortality compared with those without (11/340) (3.82% vs. 3.24%, RR: 1.19, 95% CI: 0.53-2.69, χ2 = 0.17, P = 0.6777).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In our study, we did not find any positive or negative effects of RAAS inhibitors or beta-blockers in COVID-19 patients with hypertension, while CCBs could improve prognosis.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19 , Calcium Channel Blockers/therapeutic use , Child , China , Humans , Hypertension/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885524

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the treatment and prognosis of children with propionic acidemia (PA).Methods:This study involved 82 children with PA treated in the Department of Pediatric Endocrinol-ogy and Genetic Metabolism, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from December 2002 to June 2020. Clinical data, including manifestations, laboratory test results, treatment strategy, and follow-up data, were summarized and analyzed using t-test or Mann-Whitney U test. Results:(1) Among the 82 cases consisting of 50 (61.0%) boys and 32 (39.0%) girls, 59 (72.0%) were diagnosed after clinical onset; 22 (26.8%) were diagnosed by newborn screening, including eight asymptomatic ones; the other one (1.2%) was asymptomatic but confirmed after the diagnosis of PA in the patient's sibling. The average age at first onset was 4.5 months (2 d-5 years) in 73 subjects, of which 28 (38.4%) were early-onset PA (within three months after birth). (2) Cranial MRI was performed on 26 cases, and abnormality was identified in 19 (73.1%) cases. (3) Hyperlactatemia was found in 16 cases among 30(53.3%) who underwent relevant examination with the average lactic acid level of 3.5 (2.1-4.3) μmol/L, while 35 out of 40 patients (87.5%) had hyperammonemia with an average blood ammonia level of 105.4 (34-907) μmol/L. (4) Among the 28 early-onset PA cases, 16 (57.1%) died, and 12 (42.9%) survived. There was no significant difference in the serum propionylcarnitine level, propionylcarnitine to acetylcarnitine ratio, urine 3-hydroxypropionic acid, or methylcitrate level between the survival and death cases. (5) Genetic mutations were detected in 75 patients (91.5%), among which 26 (34.7%) carried PCCA gene mutations and 48 (64%) with PCCB gene mutations. One patient (1.3%) harbored one known pathogenic mutation in each of the PCCA and PCCB genes. All mutations were inherited from the parents. (6) Followed up to June 2020, 57 (69.5%) patients survived, and 25 (30.5%) died from multiple organ failure secondary to severe acidosis, including 16 early-onset and nine late-onset cases. Conclusions:The primary treatment of PA is dietary control. Most PA patients are diagnosed after clinical onset, but symptoms may recur and even have developmental retardation despite treatment. Some of those diagnosed through newborn screening are asymptomatic after treatment. Newborn screening using tandem mass spectrometry is recommended for early diagnosis and treatment of PA.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883961

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the status and association of health literacy and self-management ability of hypertensive patients in the community and to provide reference for further intervention research.Methods:From June 2019 to October 2019, a random number table method was used to randomly select multiple streets or towns/townships, and then 401 residents in the community or village aged above 18 years of age diagnosed as hypertension were selected as the subjects of this study. The general data questionnaire, high blood pressure-health literacy scale into Chinese(C-HBP-HLS) and hypertension patients self-management behavior rating scale(HPSMBRS)were used to conduct one-to-one field survey. SPSS 24.0 was used to analyze the scores of health literacy and self-management behavior of patients with hypertension. SAS 9.4 was used to analyze the canonical correlation between health literacy and self-management behavior of patients with hypertension.Results:The score of health literacy and self-management ability were (38.94±17.56) points and (129.45±16.53) points, respectively.The results of canonical correlation analysis showed that the canonical correlation coefficient between health literacy and self-management behavior reached 0.57, which was mainly reflected in the great correlation between " drug label" and " diet management" .Conclusion:Attention should be paid to the positive effect of health literacy on self-management ability, and further intervention research should take the " drug label" and " written health literacy" dimensions of health literacy as entry points to effectively improve the self-management ability of hypertension patients in the community.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882762

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS), anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP-6) in prediction of rapidly progressive puberty(RPP) in girls.Methods:The data of 750 girls who visited the Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Genetic Disorders, Children′s Hospital of Soochow University from August 2017 to October 2018 because of breast development were retrospectively analyzed.After following up these girls for 6 months to 1 year, those who were lost to follow up, received early treatment and failed to meet the inclusion criteria were excluded.The remaining 138 girls were divided into the central precocious puberty group (CPP, 32 cases), the early puberty with RPP group (EP-RPP, 33 cases), the early puberty with slow progression puberty group (EP-SPP, 32 cases) and RPP group (41 cases) according to the inclusion criteria.The healthy control group consisted of 33 undeveloped girls aged 8 to 9 who underwent physical examination in the same hospital over the same period.The serum concentrations of IGF-1, DHEAS, AMH and BMP-6 were measured.The general information, clinical manifestations, laboratory examination results and radiological features were compared among different groups.Statistical analysis was performed by using SPSS 22.0, and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn to investigate the value of IGF-1, DHEAS, AMH and BMP-6 in prediction of RPP.Results:(1)The serum follicle stimulating hormone(FSH) peak value was 15.10(13.86-19.80) IU/L in the EP-SPP group, 11.99(9.18-16.16) IU/L in the EP-RPP group and 11.43(9.37-15.63) IU/L in the RPP group.The ratio of serum FSH/luteinizing hormone(LH) peak values was 3.20(2.44-4.58) in the EP-SPP group, 1.86(1.05-3.16) in the EP-RPP group and 0.76(0.49-0.99) in the RPP group.The serum FSH peak value and the ratio of serum FSH/LH peak values in the EP-SPP group were significant higher than those in the EP-RPP group(all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the serum FSH peak value between the EP-RPP group and the RPP group( P>0.05). (2)The serum IGF-1 levels of the healthy control group, EP-SPP group, EP-RPP group, CPP group and RPP group were 166.00(126.50-188.00) μg/L, 199.00(170.50-262.50) μg/L, 252.00(233.00-291.50) μg/L, 288.00(252.00-376.00) μg/L and 382.00(264.0-499.50) μg/L, respectively.The serum IGF-1 levels of the EP-SPP group, EP-RPP group, CPP group and RPP group were all significantly higher than those in the healthy control group (all P<0.05). The serum IGF-1 levels in the EP-RPP group were higher than those in the EP-SPP group( P<0.01). As the puberty rapidly progressed, the serum IGF-1 levels gradually increased.The RPP group had the highest IGF-1 levels, and the difference in IGF-1 levels between the RPP group and EP-RPP group was statistically significant( P<0.01). (3)The serum DHEAS levels were 41.65(14.80-59.88) μg/L in the healthy control group, 42.50(30.15-79.83) μg/L in the EP-SPP group, 52.32(43.08-98.54) μg/L in the CPP group, 63.30(34.00-81.55) μg/L in the EP-RPP group and 70.89(51.85-100.02) μg/L in the RPP group.The DHEAS levels of the healthy control group, EP-RPP group and RPP group gradually increased.The RPP group had the highest DHEAS levels.There was significant difference in DHEAS levels among the healthy control group, EP-RPP group and RPP group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in DHEAS levels among the EP-SPP group, CPP group and EP-RPP group( P>0.05). (4)The serum AMH and BMP-6 levels in the EP-RPP group, EP-SPP group, RPP group, CPP group and healthy control group were not significantly different( P>0.05). (5)The area under the ROC curve of serum IGF-1 levels was 0.765, the cut-off value was 232.5 μg/L, the specificity for the cut-off value was 83.30%, and the sensitivity was 75.00%.The combined area under the ROC curve of the serum FSH peak value and the ratio of serum FSH/LH peak values was 0.795. Conclusions:Serum IGF-1 levels and the combination of the serum FSH peak value and the ratio of serum FSH/LH peak values can be used as effective indicators of slowly and rapidly progressive puberty in early adolescent girls.Serum DHEAS cannot be used as an early warning index of RPP, but it plays a critical role in the regulation of puberty initiation and process.Serum DHEAS levels may be related to the Tanner stage.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1621-1626, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881566

ABSTRACT

Hyperuricemia is not only the biochemical basis of gout, but also closely related to the development of metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, chronic kidney disease, etc. Xanthine oxidase (XOD) is the key catalytic enzyme for uric acid biosynthesis, therefore the vital target for anti-hyperuricemic drugs. In this study, compound CC18022 was designed and synthesized specifically targeting to XOD. Molecular docking analysis indicated a fairly tight binding between CC18022 and XOD. In the in vitro study, CC18022 significantly inhibited XOD activity with a half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) value in the order of nmol·L-1, which is relative to the XOD inhibitor febuxostat. By using both acute and chronic hyperuricemic mice model, compound CC18022 was found to have serum uric acid-lowering effect in a dose-dependent manner in vivo. The animal welfare and experimental processes were in accordance with the provisions of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. In the acute hyperuricemic mice, CC18022 significantly inhibited serum XOD activity, and also the XOD activity in intestine and liver, which were related to purine absorption and metabolism. Therefore, the novel compound CC18022 exhibited significant inhibition on XOD activity and anti-hyperuricemic effects, making it a favorable candidate for further research.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880542

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Kangquan Recipe (, KQR) on bone morphogenetic protein and activin membrane-bound inhibitor (BAMBI) expression and its mechanism in rats with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).@*METHODS@#Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 6 groups using a random number table, with 8 in each group: the normal group (normal saline 10 mL/kg), the model group (normal saline 10 mL/kg), the finasteride group (0.5 mg/kg), the low-dose KQR group (3.5 g/kg), the middle-dose KQR group (7 g/kg), and the high-dose KQR group (14 g/kg). The 40 rats were subcutaneously injected with testosterone propionate after castration for 30 days to establish the BPH rat model except for those in the normal group. At the same time, the corresponding drugs were administered by gavage for 30 consecutive days. The effects of different doses of KQR on the protate wet weight, prostate volume and prostate index (PI) were observed. The changes in histopathology were monitored with hematoxylin-eosin staining. BAMBI protein and mRNA expression contents were determined by Western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, respectively.@*RESULTS@#All doses of KQR could decrease prostatic epithelial tissue proliferation. Compared to the model group, the high and middle-dose KQR significantly reduced prostate wet weight, prostate volume and PI; increased BAMBI protein expression in the hypothalamus, pituitary and prostate tissue; all doses of KQR up-regulated BAMBI mRNA expression in serum, prostatic fluid and prostate tissue (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#KQR could inhibit the proliferation of rat prostatic tissue, promote BAMBI protein expression in the hypothalamic-pituitary-prostate of rats with BPH; and increase BAMBI mRNA expression in the blood, prostatic fluid and prostate tissue of rats with BPH, showing a dose-effect relationship. KQR can be used as a potential drug for the treatment of BPH.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880025

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the antileukemia activity of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) inhibitor ZSTK474 on human leukemia cell line U937.@*METHODS@#MTT, soft agar assay, flow cytometric analysis and western blot were used to detect the effect of ZSTK474 on U937 cell proliferation, tumorigenicity, cell cycle, cell apoptosis and phosphorylation levels of the key factor of PI3K/AKT pathway. Chou-Talalay method was used to evaluate the combination of ZSTK474 with Cytarabine or Homoharringtonine.@*RESULTS@#PI3K inhibitor ZSTK474 could inhibit the proliferation and tumorigenicity of U937 cell, induce G@*CONCLUSION@#ZSTK474 can inhibit the pathway of PI3K/AKT, ZSTK474 alone or in combination with Homoharringtonine shows potential antileukemia activity on U937 cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Triazines , U937 Cells
18.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 351-355, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923177

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the distribution characteristics of surveillance results of key occupational diseases in Nanning City.METHODS: The occupational health monitoring data of key occupational diseases of Nanning City from 2015 to 2019 were collected using judgment sampling method and analyzed by descriptive epidemiology method. RESULTS: A total of 38 cases of key occupational diseases were reported in Nanning City during the past 5 years.The main diseases were occupational pneumoconiosis and occupational noise-induced deafness(ONID). The rate of occupational health examination was 40.06%, showing an increasing trend with the increase of years(P<0.01). The detection rate of occupational pneumoconiosis was higher than that of ONID(0.19% vs 0.01%, P<0.01). However, the abnormal detection rate of occupational health special examination in noise-exposed workers was higher than that in dust-exposed workers(10.98% vs 0.35%, P<0.01). The detection rate of pneumoconiosis-like changes in dust-exposed workers was the highest in private enterprises(P<0.01). The detection rate of binaural high frequency average hearing threshold ≥40 dB was highest in small and micro enterprises and private enterprises(all P<0.01). The detection rate of blood lead level >400 μg/L was 24.75%, and 98.80% of the abnormal workers were concentrated in medium-sized foreign-funded enterprises. The detection rates of abnormal leukocyte, neutrophil and platelet counts in benzene-exposed workers were 1.17%, 3.21% and 0.26% respectively. CONCLUSION: Among the key occupational disease risk factors in Nanning City, the number of workers exposed to dust and noise is relatively high, which results in serious consequences and harm. But the hazards of lead and benzene cannot be ignored. Emphasis should be placed on strengthening the supervision and management of key occupational diseases in small and medium-sized micro-enterprises and private enterprises.

19.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 529-533, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923082

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To test and analyze the vibration transmissivity of three common kinds of protective gloves, and to determine their actual protecting effect. METHODS: Three kinds of protective gloves were selected as test materials, and five healthy volunteers were selected as subjects using typical sampling methods. According to the ISO 10819:2013 Mechanical Vibration and Shock--Hand-arm Vibration--Measurement and Evaluation of the Vibration Transmissibility of Gloves at the Palm of the Hand(hereinafter referred to as ISO 10819:2013), investigation and measurement of basic parameters of protective gloves. The gloved vibration transmission(GVT) test system was used to test the vibration transmission of different protective gloves worn by the subjects, and the spectrum analysis of vibration reduction characteristics was carried out. RESULTS: The thickness of damping material of all the three kinds of protective gloves met the standard requirements. The mean value for the corrected frequency-weighted glove vibration transmissibility values at 25.0-200.0 Hz were 0.91, 0.75 and 0.94, and 1.05, 0.85 and 1.10 at 200.0-1 250.0 Hz, for the protective gloves A, B and C, respectively. The results of anti-vibration characteristic spectrum analysis show that there has no vibration reduction effect at the frequency of 25.0-200.0 Hz when wearing these three kinds of gloves. Wearing gloves A and B on part of the 200.0-1 250.0 Hz frequency vibration has an amplifying effect. Wearing glove C has a partial vibration reduction effect at the 200.0-1 250.0 Hz frequency, and the vibration reduction efficiency is the highest at the frequency of 1 250.0 Hz.CONCLUSION: According to the ISO 10819:2013 standard, the mean value of GVT measured when wearing the three kinds of protective gloves does not meet the relevant requirements, and the anti-vibration effect is poor. These gloves cannot be defined as anti-vibration gloves.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907563

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) inhibitor on wild-type Kras differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) and its mechanism.Methods:The DTC cell line Kras WT TPC-1 was selected and the mutant Kras G12D TPC-1 cells were constructed. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effect of BRD4 inhibitor JQ-1 on the proliferation activity of Kras WT TPC-1 cells. Kras WT TPC-1 cells were treated with 0.2 μmol/L JQ-1 (JQ-1 group), and a negative control group (NC group) was set. Transwell invasion assay and flow cytometry were used to detect the effect of JQ-1 on the invasion and apoptosis of Kras WT TPC-1 cells. The effect of JQ-1 on the expressions of BRD4, miR-106b-5p and P21, and the effect of P21 inhibitor UC2288 on the expressions of P21 and BRD4 were detected. Kras WT TPC-1 cells were divided into JQ-1+ NC-OE group, JQ-1+ p21-OE group (overexpression of p21) and JQ-1+ p21-OE+ miR-106b-5p mimic group (overexpression of p21 and miR-106b-5 at the same time), and the proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of cells in each group were detected. TPC-1 cells were divided into Kras WT group, Kras WT+ JQ-1 group, Kras G12D group and Kras G12D+ JQ-1 group, and the cell proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of each group were detected. Results:JQ-1 inhibited the proliferation activity of Kras WT TPC-1 cells in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. In the NC group and JQ-1 group, the numbers of cell invasion were 124.67±9.61 and 82.67±8.02, and the apoptosis rates were (5.91±0.34)% and (10.33±1.10)%, respectively, with statistically significant differences ( t=5.812, P=0.004; t=6.653, P=0.003). JQ-1 significantly inhibited the expressions of BRD4 and miR-106b-5p, and promoted the expression of P21 in Kras WT TPC-1 cells. UC2288 significantly inhibited P21 expression, but had no significant effect on BRD4 expression. In the JQ-1+ NC-OE group, JQ-1+ p21-OE group and JQ-1+ p21-OE+ miR-106b-5p mimic group, the proliferation activities at 24 h of Kras WT TPC-1 cells was 0.46±0.03, 0.35±0.04 and 0.44±0.03 ( F=8.720, P=0.017), and the proliferation activity of JQ-1+ p21-OE group was significantly lower than that of the JQ-1+ NC-OE group ( P<0.05). The numbers of cell invasion in the three groups were 83.00±9.17, 56.67±6.03 and 79.67±10.07 ( F=8.347, P=0.018), and the number of cell invasion in the JQ-1+ p21-OE group was significantly lower than that in the JQ-1+ NC-OE group ( P=0.009). The apoptosis rates of the three groups were (10.00±0.49)%, (15.39±1.14)% and (10.32±0.80)% ( F=37.764, P<0.001), and the apoptosis rate of the JQ-1+ p21-OE group was significantly higher than that in the JQ-1+ NC-OE group ( P<0.001). There were no significant differences in cell proliferation activity, invasion number and apoptosis rate between JQ-1+ p21-OE+ miR-106b-5p mimic group and JQ-1+ NC-OE group (all P>0.05). In Kras WT group, Kras WT+ JQ-1 group, Kras G12D group and Kras G12D+ JQ-1 group, the cell proliferation activities at 24 h were 0.50±0.05, 0.39±0.04, 0.68±0.08 and 0.64±0.05 ( F=17.776, P<0.001). Compared with the Kras WT group, cell proliferation activity in the Kras WT+ JQ-1 group was significantly decreased, while that in the Kras G12D group was significantly increased (both P<0.05). The numbers of cell invasion in the four groups were 129.33±11.50, 86.00±9.54, 161.67±13.01 and 146.33±13.20 ( F=22.598, P<0.001). Compared with the Kras WT group, the number of cell invasion in the Kras WT+ JQ-1 group was significantly decreased ( P=0.002), and that in the Kras G12D group was significantly increased ( P=0.010). The apoptosis rates in the four groups were (6.17±0.50)%, (10.42±0.73)%, (3.43±0.47)% and (3.41±0.32)% ( F=119.170, P<0.001). Compared with the Kras WT group, the apoptosis rate in the Kras WT+ JQ-1 group was significantly increased ( P<0.001), and that in the Kras G12D group was significantly decreased ( P<0.001). There were no significant differences in cell proliferation activity, invasion number and apoptosis rate between Kras G12D+ JQ-1 group and Kras G12D group (all P>0.05). Conclusion:BRD4 inhibitor can specifically inhibit the development of wild-type Kras DTC via regulating the molecular axis of BRD4/miR-106b-5p/P21, but has no significant effect on the proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of mutant Kras DTC tumor cells.

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