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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1004-1024, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927759

ABSTRACT

Triterpenoid saponins are widely used in medicine, health cares, cosmetics, food additives and agriculture because of their unique chemical properties and rich pharmacological activities. UDP-dependent glycosyltransferases (UGTs) are the key enzymes involved in triterpenoid saponin biosynthesis, and play important roles in the diversity of triterpenoid saponin structures and pharmacological activities. This review summarized the UGTs involved in plant triterpenoid saponin biosynthesis based on the sources of UGTs and the types of receptors. Moreover, the application of UGTs in heterologous biosynthesis of triterpenoid saponins based on synthetic biology was also discussed.


Subject(s)
Glycosyltransferases/genetics , Plants , Saponins/chemistry , Triterpenes
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874355

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The evidence of adherence to cancer prevention guidelines and endometrial cancer (EC) risk has been limited and controversial. This study summarizes and quantifies the relationship between adherence to cancer prevention guidelines and EC risk. @*Materials and Methods@#The online databases PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE were searched for relevant publications up to June 2, 2020. This study had been registered at PROSPERO. The registration number is CRD42020149966. Study quality evaluation was performed based on the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. The I2 statistic was used to estimate heterogeneity among studies. Egger’s and Begg’s tests assessed potential publication bias. Summary hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the relationship between adherence to cancer prevention guidelines score was assigned to participants by summarizing individual scores for each lifestyle-related factor. The scores ranged from least healthy (0) to most healthy (20) and the EC risk was calculated using a randomeffects model. @*Results@#Five prospective studies (four cohort studies and one case‑cohort study) consisted of 4,470 EC cases, where 597,047 participants were included. Four studies had a low bias risk and one study had a high bias risk. Summary EC HR for the highest vs. lowest score of adherence to cancer prevention guidelines was 0.54 (95% CI, 0.40 to 0.73) and had a high heterogeneity (I2=86.1%). For the dose-response analysis, an increment of 1 significantly reduced the risk of EC by 6%. No significant publication bias was detected. @*Conclusion@#This study suggested that adherence to cancer prevention guidelines was negatively related to EC risk.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921701

ABSTRACT

The freeze-drying technique, characterized by low-temperature processing, is especially suitable for sensitive volatile oils with thermal instability. However, there are few studies focusing on the retention of volatile oils in the processing of freeze-dried preparations. This study evaluated the effects of different addition methods(adsorption, emulsification, solid dispersion, and inclusion) on the retention rate of the main components in peppermint oil, aiming to explore the application feasibility of freeze-dried preparations of volatile oils. Firstly, the addition method was determined based on the retention rates of menthol in four freeze-dried preparations. Secondly, an orthogonal test was designed to optimize the preparation process based on the characteristics of the preferred addition method. The results showed that the most suitable preparation form of peppermint oil was inclusion with beta-cyclodextrin(β-CD), and the retention rate of menthol in freeze-drying was 86.36%. According to the two-step preparation process of inclusion and freeze-drying, we introduced the product of inclusion rate and retention rate, i.e., comprehensive retention rate, to determine the optimum processing parameters. The results showed that β-CD/oil ratio of 7∶1, inclusion temperature of 40 ℃, and inclusion time of 2 h were the optimum processing parameters. The product prepared with these parameter had the comprehensive retention rate of 68.41%, retention rate of 92.53%, and inclusion rate of 73.93%. The inclusion compound was white powder with significantly increased solubility. The pre-paration process based on cyclodextrin inclusion in this study is stable and reliable and provides a new idea for ensuring the efficacy and stability of volatile components in freeze-dried preparations.


Subject(s)
Cyclodextrins , Freeze Drying , Mentha piperita , Oils, Volatile , Plant Oils , Solubility , Technology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888121

ABSTRACT

Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pills(QSYQ) are used clinically to treat various myocardial ischemic diseases, such as angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and heart failure; however, the molecular mechanism of QSYQ remains unclear, and the scientific connotation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) compatibility has not been systematically explained. The present study attempted to screen the critical pathway of QSYQ in the treatment of myocardial ischemia by network pharmacology and verify the therapeutic efficacy with the oxygen-glucose deprivation(OGD) model, in order to reveal the molecular mechanism of QSYQ based on the critical pathway. The key targets of QSYQ were determined by active ingredient identification and target prediction, and underwent pathway enrichment analysis and functional annotation with David database to reveal the biological role and the critical pathway of QSYQ. Cell counting Kit-8(CCK-8), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), and Western blot tests were launched on high-content active ingredients with OGD cell model to reveal the molecular mechanism of QSYQ based on the critical pathway. The results of network pharmacology indicated that QSYQ, containing 18 active ingredients and 82 key targets, could protect cardiomyocytes by regulating biological functions, such as nitric oxide biosynthesis, apoptosis, inflammation, and angiogenesis, through TNF signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway, PI3 K-Akt signaling pathway, etc. HIF-1 signaling pathway was the critical pathway. As revealed by CCK-8 and LDH tests, astragaloside Ⅳ, salvianic acid A, and ginsenoside Rg_1 in QSYQ could enhance cell viability and reduce LDH in the cell supernatant in a concentration-dependent manner(P<0.05). As demonstrated by the Western blot test, astragaloside Ⅳ significantly down-regulated the protein expression of serine/threonine-protein kinase(Akt1) and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α(HIF-1α) in the HIF-1 signaling pathway, and up-regulated the protein expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA). Salvianic acid A significantly down-regulated the protein expression of upstream phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha(PIK3 CA) and downstream HIF-1α of Akt1. Ginsenoside Rg_1 significantly down-regulated the expression of HIF-1α protein and up-regulated the expression of VEGFA. The therapeutic efficacy of QSYQ on myocardial ischemia was achieved by multiple targets and multiple pathways, with the HIF-1 signaling pathway serving as the critical one. The active ingredients of QSYQ could protect cardiomyocytes synergistically by regulating the targets in the HIF-1 signaling pathway to inhibit its expression.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Myocardial Ischemia/genetics , Signal Transduction , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888101

ABSTRACT

Terpenes are the largest group of natural products and contain the widest assortment of structural types. Terpene cyclization is also the most complex reaction found in nature. For a long time, terpenoids with diverse structures have attracted natural product chemists to explore their biosynthesis mechanism. Such a large number of terpene skeletons are catalyzed by enzymes called terpene synthase. Sesquiterpene synthase is a kind of terpene synthase, which can catalyze the cyclization of linear precursor farnesyl pyrophosphate(FPP) to sesquiterpene skeletons. Sesquiterpene synthase cyclize a single precursor FPP into many sesquiterpene skeletons. With the continuous discovery of sesquiterpene synthase, the cyclization mechanism of sesquiterpene synthase has been studied deeply. In recent years, with the development and improvement of isotope labeling of substrate FPP and structural analysis of sesquiterpene synthase, the structure and cyclization mechanism of sesquiterpene synthase have been studied more systematically and accurately. In this review, we reviewed the progress of the research methods on the mechanism of sesquiterpene cyclization by substrate isotope labeling and protein structure, as well as the summary and prospect of sesquiterpene synthase research.


Subject(s)
Cyclization , Sesquiterpenes , Terpenes
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1952-1967, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887774

ABSTRACT

Cadinanes are a class of bicyclic sesquiterpenes with complex stereochemistry and broad pharmacological activities, such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and hypoglycemic activities. To date, structurally diverse and bioactive cadinane sesquiterpenes have been isolated and identified from a variety of plants and microorganisms. Moreover, deeper understandings on cadinane sesquiterpene synthases have been made. This article categorized the 124 new cadinanes which were published in the literatures in the past four years (2017-2020) into five structural types, and presented their pharmacological activities. We also illustrated the elucidation of the biosynthetic pathways for typical cadinanes, summarized the research progress on cadinane sesquiterpene synthases. Finally, current challenges and future prospects were proposed and discussed.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Polycyclic Sesquiterpenes , Sesquiterpenes
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1931-1951, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887773

ABSTRACT

Medicinal natural products derived from plants are usually of low content and difficult to extract and isolate. Moreover, these compounds are structurally complex, making it difficult to obtain them by environmental unfriendly chemical synthesis. Biosynthesis of medicinal natural products through synthetic biology is a novel, environment-friendly and sustainable approach. Taking terpenoids (ginsenosides, paclitaxel, artemisinin, tanshinones), alkaloids (vincristine and morphine), and flavonoids (breviscapine) as examples, this review summarizes the advances of the biosynthetic pathways and synthetic biology strategies of plant-derived medicinal natural products. Moreover, we introduce the key technologies and methods of synthetic biology used in the research of medicinal natural products, and provide future prospects in this area.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Biosynthetic Pathways , Plants , Synthetic Biology , Terpenes
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3322-3334, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922797

ABSTRACT

10-Deacetylbaccatin III (10-DAB) C10 acetylation is an indispensable procedure for Taxol semi-synthesis, which often requires harsh conditions. 10-Deacetylbaccatin III-10-

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828003

ABSTRACT

To discuss the effect of deterioration on the quality of Armeniacae Semen Amarum by observing the changes of macroscopic characteristics, active components and rancidness degrees of Armeniacae Semen Amarum in deterioration process. The traditional macroscopic identification was used to observe, identify and classify the morphologic and organleptic characteristics of Armeniacae Semen Amarum. The contents of amygdalin and fatty oil(two representatives of active components) were detected by HPLC and general rule 0713 in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, respectively. Acid value and peroxide value of the samples were selected as the representative indices of different rancidness degrees, and the general rule 2303 was adopted as the method for quantitative analysis. Then principal component analysis(PCA), partial least square analysis discrimination analysis(PLS-DA) were further utilized to establish the discriminative models of samples with different rancidness degrees, and also to screen out the largest contribution factors. In sensory evaluation, Armeniacae Semen Amarum samples were divided into three groups: non-rancid, slightly-rancid, and noticeably-rancid. The color of seed coat, cotyledon and surface of noticeably-rancid samples was deepened, and the odor differed much from non-rancid samples. Average content of amygdalin and fatty oil in non-rancid samples was 4.12% and 67.77%, respectively, both meeting the requirements of Chinese Pharmacopoeia; and decreased to some extent in slightly-rancid samples. However, the content of amygdalin sharply dropped to 0.074% in noticeably-rancid samples. The acid value and peroxide value were increased significantly with the intensifying of the rancidness degree, from only 1.363 and 0.016 74 in non-rancid samples to 1.865 and 0.023 70 in slightly-rancid samples, even doubled in noticeably-rancid samples(2.167 and 0.033 82). The discriminative models established by PCA and PLS-DA could complete the task of distinguishing the non-rancid samples from noticeably-rancid ones. The contribution degree of amygdalin content as one of the input attributes of discriminative model was higher than 1. Rancidness affected the quality of Armeniacae Semen Amarum, resulting in appearance changes, decrease in content of active components, and increase in acid value and peroxide value. Obviously, noticeably-rancid samples were non-conforming to Chinese Pharmacopoeia and no longer suitable for medicinal use. Rancidness can significantly reduce the quality of Armeniacae Semen Amarum, and even could possibly produce toxicity, which should attach more attention.


Subject(s)
Amygdalin , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Semen
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827936

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to develop a simple, rapid and reliable method for identifying Armeniacae Semen Amarum from different processed products and various rancidness degrees. The objective odor information of Armeniacae Semen Amarum was obtained by electronic nose. 105 batches of Armeniacae Semen Amarum samples were studied, including three processed products of Armeniacae Semen Amarum, fried Armeniacae Semen Amarum and peeled Armeniacae Semen Amarum, as well as the samples with various rancidness degrees: without rancidness, slight rancidness, and rancidness. The discriminant models of different processed products and rancidness degrees of Armeniacae Semen Amarum were established by Support Vector Machine(SVM), respectively, and the models were verified based on back estimation of blind samples. The results showed that there were differences in the characteristic response radar patterns of the sensor array of different processed products and the samples with different rancidness degrees. The initial identification rate was 95.90% and 92.45%, whilst validation recognition rate was 95.38% and 91.08% in SVM identification models. In conclusion, differentiation in odor of different processed and rancidness degree Armeniacae Semen Amarum was performed by the electronic nose technology, and different processed and rancidness degrees Armeniacae Semen Amarum were successfully discriminated by combining with SVM. This research provides ideas and methods for objective identification of odor of traditional Chinese medicine, conducive to the inheritance and development of traditional experience in odor identification.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Electronic Nose , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Semen , Support Vector Machine
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773668

ABSTRACT

For the effects of multi-component environment on the solubility and permeability of single components,and the problems of biopharmaceutical attribute classification of single components in the compound prescriptions environment,baicalein was used as the research object in this study to investigate the biopharmaceutic attributes of single-component and their traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) biopharmaceutic attributes in the multi-component environment of Gegen Qilian Decoction. Shaking flask method,intrinsic dissolution rate test and HPLC were used to determine solubility of baicalein. Markers specified by FDA were utilized as permeable boundary reference materials to verify the applicability of the single-pass intestinal perfusion method( SPIP),and the quantitative research on the permeability of baicalein was also conducted. It is concluded that baicalein could be categorized as BCS-Ⅱ drug based on its low solubility and high intestinal permeability values,and it may be categorized into CMMBCS-I in the multi-component environment of Gegen Qilian Decoction due to its poor solubility but enhanced solubility and permeability in compound environment. This study could provide verification ideas for clinical determination of the best human oral dose of baicalein,and provide the data basis for the study of biopharmaceutics classification system of Chinese materia medica( CMMBCS).


Subject(s)
Biopharmaceutics , Classification , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavanones , Chemistry , Humans , Intestinal Absorption , Materia Medica , Classification , Permeability , Solubility
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 626-638, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774968

ABSTRACT

Taxol is a "blockbuster" antitumor drug produced by species with extremely low amount, while its analogue 7--xylosyl-10-deacetyltaxol is generally much higher in the plants. Both the fungal enzymes LXYL-P1-1 and LXYL-P1-2 can convert 7--xylosyl-10-deacetyltaxol into 10-deacetyltaxol for Taxol semi-synthesis. Of them, LXYL-P1-2 is twice more active than LXYL-P1-1, but there are only 11 significantly different amino acids in terms of the polarity and acidic-basic properties between them. In this study, single and multiple site-directed mutations at the 11 sites from LXYL-P1-1 to LXYL-P1-2 were performed to define the amino acids with upward bias in activities and to acquire variants with improved catalytic properties. Among all the 17 mutants, E12 (A72T/V91S) was the most active and even displayed 2.8- and 3-fold higher than LXYL-P1-2 on -xylosidase and -glucosidase activities. The possible mechanism for such improvement was proposed by homology modeling and molecular docking between E12 and 7--xylosyl-10-deacetyltaxol. The recombinant yeast GS115-P1E12-7 was constructed by introducing variant , the molecular chaperone gene and the bacterial hemoglobin gene . This engineered yeast rendered 4 times higher biomass enzyme activity than GS115-3.5K-P1-2 that had been used for demo-scale fermentation. Thus, GS115-P1E12-7 becomes a promising candidate to replace GS115-3.5K-P1-2 for industrial purpose.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707147

ABSTRACT

The promotion or inhibition of blood vessels by TCM, active ingredients of TCM, TCM compounds, and Chinese patent drugs is currently a research hotspot, with relatively abundant research. However, the study of the role and profound mechanism of TCM on angiogenesis after cerebral ischemia is relatively rare. Therefore, this article reviewed theories, in vitro studies and in vivo studies on the promotion of cerebral angiogenesis by TCM, and summarized the studies on TCM regulation of angiogenesis through Notch and Wnt signaling pathway mechanisms, with a purpose to provide references for resarch on related mechanisms and development of new deugs.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1565-1570, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780034

ABSTRACT

UDP-glycosyltransferase PgUGT74AE2 from Panax ginseng can transfer a glucose moiety to the free C-3 hydroxyl of protopanaxadiol (PPD) to produce ginsenoside Rh2. However, no report demonstrates that PgUGT74AE2 can transfer a glucose moiety to the free C-3 hydroxyl of protopanaxatriol (PPT) to produce a PPT-type ginsenoside. In this study, the expression plasmid pET-32a-PgUGT74AE2 was constructed for expression of the recombinant protein and transferred into Escherichia coli Transetta (DE3) to generate the recombinant strain Transetta-PgUGT74AE2. The recombinant enzyme PgUGT74AE2 was expressed by induction of isopropyl-β-D-thiogalactoside (IPTG). An in vitro enzymatic reaction system was established with the recombinant enzyme PgUGT74AE2 and the substrate PPT. PgUGT74AE2 catalyzed the glycosylation of the free C-3 hydroxyl of PPT to produce 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-dammar-24-ene-3β,6α,12β,20S-tetraol, a new PPT-type ginsenoside. This study provides an efficient approach for the biosynthesis of a new PPT-type ginsenoside through in vitro enzymatic reaction, which may pave a way to produce promising lead in drug discovery.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709778

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of different administration routes of lipid emulsion on bupivacaine-induced cardiotoxicity in rats.Methods Forty-eight clean healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 300-350 g,were divided into 6 groups (n=8 each) using a random number table:Ⅳ infusion of normal saline (NS) group (group VN),Ⅳ infusion of lipid emulsion group (group VL),duodenal infusion of NS group (group DN),duodenal infusion of lipid emulsion group (group DL),intraperitoneal intusion of NS group (group PN) and intraperitoneal infusion of lipid emulsion group (group PL).In VN and VL groups,preheated NS and 20% lipid emulsion 3 ml · kg-1 · min-1 were infused via the femoral vein for 5 min,respectively,and then 0.75% bupivacaine was infused at the rate of 2 mg · kg-1 · min-1 until cardiac arrest happened.Preheated NS and 20% lipid emulsion 15 ml/kg were infused via the duodenum (over 1 min,at a constant rate) in DN and DL groups,respectively,and were intraperitoneally infused in PN and PL groups,respectively,followed by an infusion of 0.2 ml/min for 15 min in DN,DL,PN and PL groups.Then 0.75% bupivacaine was infused via the left femoral vein at a rate of 2 mg · kg-1 · min-1 until cardiac arrest happened.The time to ventricular arrhythmia,mean arterial pressure (MAP) decreasing to 50% of the baseline and cardiac arrest was recorded.The amount of bupivacaine consumed was calculated immediately after ventricular arrhythmia occurred (T0),immediately after MAP decreased to 50% of the baseline (T1) and immediately after occurrence of cardiac arrest (T2).Arterial blood samples were collected at T0-2 for determination of the concentration of bupivacaine in plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography.Results Compared with group VN,the time to ventricular arrhythmia,MAP decreasing to 50% of the baseline and cardiac arrest was significantly prolonged,and the amount of bupivacaine consumed was increased at T0-2 in group VL (P<0.01).There was no significant difference in the parameters mentioned above between group DN and group DL,and between group PN and group PL (P>0.05).Compared with group VL,the time to ventricular arrhythmia,MAP decreasing to 50% of the baseline and cardiac arrest was significantly shortened,and the amount of bupivacaine consumed was decreased at T0-2 in DL and PL groups (P<0.01).Compared with group DL,the time to ventricular arrhythmia,MAP decreasing to 50% of the baseline and cardiac arrest was significantly prolonged,and the amount of bupivaeaine consumed was increased at T0.2 in group PL (P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the concentration of plasma bupivacaine between six groups (P>0.05).Conclusion Ⅳ infusion of lipid emulsion can decrease bupivacaine-induced cardiotoxicity when compared with duodenal and intraperitoneal infusion in rats.

16.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 226-230, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509373

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the awareness,willingness,motivation,and influencing factors of outpatients for participating drug clinical trials,and provide references for decision-making of drug clinical trials.Methods An amnonymous survey was conducted in the departments of internal medicine,surgery,gynecology,and obstetrics of a randomly selected tertiary referral center,and the results were statistically analyzed.Results A total of 1 067 available questionnaires were received.The total awareness rate of clinical trials was 31.02%,which was closely correlated with age and the degree of education.40.86% of respondents were willing to participate in drug clinical trials.And 55.28% of them chose yes because of the willingness to contribute to the development of medical science.People having cognition on clinical trials had more willingness to participate in drug(OR:1.361,95 % CI:1.042-1.777).59.14% of the respondents refused to participate in drug clinical trials,68.62% of whom refusing to participate mainly worried about the safety of drugs.57.37% of the respondents comfirmed that they might change their idea if experts were involved.41.33% were willing to accept training about clinical trials.Conclusion Investigators'overall cognition on clinical trials is closely correlated with the willingness to participate in drug clinical trials.There should propagandize drug clinical trials to make sure the improvement of drug clinical trial progress.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 998-2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779269

ABSTRACT

To study the expression and subcellular localization of recombinant dammarenediol-Ⅱ synthase (DS) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the dammarenediol-Ⅱ synthase gene ds was cloned from Panax ginseng, and the gene ds was fused with the gene of green fluorescent protein to obtain the fusion gene ds-gfp. The recombinant expression plasmids pESC-HIS-DS and pESC-HIS-DS-GFP were constructed and transformed into S. cerevisiae INVSc1 to obtain recombinant strains INVSc1-DS and INVSc1-DS-GFP. Microsomes of recombinant strains were prepared by differential centrifugation and observed by fluorescence microscope. The green fluorescence was only detected in INVSc1-DS-GFP microsomes, which indicated that DS was a membrane protein. It was also proved that dammarenediol-Ⅱ was produced from the cyclization of 2, 3-oxidosqualene catalyzed by DS through in vitro enzymatic reaction. In addition, our results revealed that the fusion expression of ds with gfp significantly improved the production of dammarenediol-Ⅱ from 7.53 mg·g-1 to 12.24 mg·g-1. This study provides a new strategy in the optimization of the pathway of ginsenosides biosynthesis in S. cerevisiae.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493527

ABSTRACT

Acetazolamide, a sulfonamide-derived medication, is frequently used in the treatment of various types of glaucoma. But this kind of medicine is associated with acute angle closure glaucoma. This paper is a review for the researches of this rare adverse reaction at internal and abroad. It can prompt more ophthalmologists to understand and pay attention to this rare adverse reaction of acetazolamide and sulfonamides derived drugs. Then the doctor will make accurate diagnosis, timely treatment and grasp the right operation opportunity and reduce the occurrence of postoperative complications ultimately.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496986

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the accuracy of stroke volume variation (SVV),central venous pressure (CVP) and puhnonary arterial wedge pressure (PAWP) in monitoring the changes in blood volume in the patients undergoing renal transplantation.Methods Sixteen patients with chronic renal failure,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅱ or Ⅲ,aged 18-55 yr,scheduled for elective allograft renal transplantation under general anesthesia,were enrolled in the study.SVV was continuously monitored with the FloTrac/Vigileo monitor,and CVP,PAWP and stroke volume index (SVI) were continuously monitored with the volumetric pulmonary artery catheter during surgery.The parameters of hemodynamics were recorded at 30 min after induction of anesthesia,5 min before renal artery opening,5 and 30 min after renal artery opening,and at the end of surgery.Hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 electrolyte solution 6 ml/kg was infused over 15 min via the central venous catheter to perform fluid responsiveness starting from 30 min after induction of anesthesia.Positive fluid responsiveness was defined as the change in SVI ≥ 15%.The relationship between SVV and CVP and between SVV and PAWP was analyzed using the Pearson correlation analysis.The receiver operating characteristic curve for CVP,SVV and PAWP in monitoring the changes in blood volume was drawn,and the area under the curve was calculated.Results Compared with the value at 5 min before renal artery opening,SVV was significantly increased after renal artery opening (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in CVP and PAWP after renal artery opening (P>0.05).SVV was negatively correlated with CVP,and r=-0.82 (P<0.01);SVV was negatively correlated with PAWP,and r=-0.77 (P<0.01).The area under the curve of SVV in monitoring the changes in blood volume was 0.87,and of CVP and PAWP was 0.69 and 0.66,respectively.Conclusion SVV provides better accuracy than CVP and PAWP in monitoring the changes in blood volume in the patients undergoing renal transplantation.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272685

ABSTRACT

This article aims to compare the qualities of Armeniacae Semen Amarum before and after rancidness, in order to study the rancidness of Armeniacae Semen Amarum. In the experiment, content of fatty oil, acid value and peroxide value were determined before and after rancidness,respectively. Meanwhile, HPLC, GC-MS were utilized to analyze laetrile and fatty acid components. Besides, colorimeter and e-nose were introduced to quantify and compare "color and odor". A correlation analysis was conducted on the above results. The results showed that color of post-rancidness Armeniacae Semen Amarum changed from yellow to brown, with sour and lower content of laetrile. On the contrary, acid and peroxide values increased significantly, with changes in fatty acid component. There was a considerable correlation between appearance characteristics and changes in internal quality. The "sensory analysis-quality identification system" can provide a certain scientific basis for prediction of the content of chemical components in traditional Chinese medicine, preliminary judgment of quality of traditional Chinese medicine and real-time quality monitoring, which offers us novel ideas and reference for storage principles of traditional Chinese medicines of "pre-event prediction, during-event intervention and post-event identification".

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