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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 230-234, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913028

ABSTRACT

@#Microbial mixed infectious keratitis is an ocular surface disease caused by corneal infection, which has an acute onset and rapid progression and can lead to blindness in severe cases. Establishing an animal model of microbial mixed infectious keratitis is conducive to exploring its pathogenesis, prevention, clinical diagnosis and treatment. This article reviews the methods of making animal models of mixed infectious keratitis with microorganisms and the diagnostic methods after successful modelling infections, aiming to provide references for the further development and research of animal models of the disease.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1061-1065, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936536

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate mental health and its associated factors in college students during COVID-19 confinement in campus, and to provide a scientific basis for mental health education.@*Methods@#A general questionnaire, the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder- 7 (GAD-7) were administered. A total of 1 816 college students under COVID-19 confinement in campus in Lanzhou City were surveyed from October 18 to November 18, 2021. Data were analyzed by using the ordinal Logistic regression method.@*Results@#The overall incidence of depressive emotions was 38.76%, and the incidences of mild, moderate to severe depression emotions were 31.33% and 7.43%, respectively. About 16.36% of students showed anxiety, with mild, moderate to severe anxiety being 13.33% and 3.03%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that poverty( OR =1.29), daily schedule (basically normal OR =0.33, normal OR =0.18), adaptability of online learning (moderate adaptation OR =0.45, high level of adaptation OR =0.25), concerns about the infection of oneself and family members (some concerns OR =1.73, considerable concerns OR =2.09),male( OR =0.78), and the isolation mode( OR =1.70). The music listening (sometimes OR =0.44, often OR =0.41), daily schedule (basically normal OR =0.36, normal OR =0.19), adaptability of online learning (moderate adaptation OR =0.42, high level of adaptation OR =0.28), and concerns about the infection of oneself and family members (some concerns OR =1.87, considerable concerns OR =3.27) were primary factors associated with high level of anxiety among college students( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The incidence of depression and anxiety among college students increased following COVID-19 confinement and centralized isolation for medical observation in campus. Universities and relevant departments should take timely and precise measures for psychological counseling.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the miRNAs targeting vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene and their effect on parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion in secondary hyperparathyroidism.@*METHODS@#Primary parathyroid cells with secondary hyperparathyroidism were isolated by collagenase digestion and cultured. The miRNAs targeting VDR were screened by bioinformatics methods and full transcriptome sequencing, and dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the targeting relationship between VDR and the screened miRNA. The effects of overexpression or inhibition of the candidate miRNA on VDR mRNA and protein expressions and PTH secretion were evaluated using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The expression levels of the candidate miRNAs and VDR mRNA in clinical specimens of parathyroid tissues were verified by qRT-PCR, and the expression of VDR protein was detected by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#We successfully isolated primary parathyroid cells. Dual-luciferase reporter assay verified the targeting relationship of hsa-miR-149-5p, hsa-miR-221-5p, hsa-miR-222-3p, hsa-miR-29a-5p, hsa-miR-301a-5p, hsa-miR-873-5p, hsa-miR-93-3p with VDR, and among them, the overexpression of hsa-miR-149-5p and hsa-miR-301a-5p significantly increased PTH secretion in the parathyroid cells. In patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism, hsa-miR-149-5p was highly expressed in the parathyroid tissues (P=0.046), where the expressions of VDR mRNA (P=0.0267) and protein were both decreased.@*CONCLUSION@#The two miRNAs, hsa-miR-149-5p and hsa-miR-301a-5p, may promote the secretion of PTH in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism by down-regulating the expression of VDR gene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Parathyroid Hormone , RNA, Messenger , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an cell model of hyperparathyroidism by isolation, in vitro culture, and identification of parathyroid cells from patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT).@*METHODS@#The parathyroid gland tissues obtained from 10 patients with SHPT were dissociated by collagenase digestion for primary culture of the parathyroid cells. Morphological changes and growth characteristics of the cells were assessed by microscopic imaging and cell counting. The mRNA and protein expression levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), and glial cells missing 2 (GCM2) in the primary and passaged cells were determined by immunofluorescence, qRT-PCR, and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Primary cultures of parathyroid cells were successfully obtained. The cells exhibited a high expression of PTH shown by immunofluorescence assay and had a population doubling time of approximately 71.61 h. PTH secretion in the second-passage (P2) cells was significantly lower than that in the primary (P0) and first-passage (P1) cells (P < 0.001). Despite a significant downregulation of CaSR mRNA (P=0.017) and protein (P=0.006) in P1 cells as compared with P0 cells, no significant differences were found in mRNA and protein expressions of PTH or GCM2 between the two cell generations.@*CONCLUSION@#Primary cultures of parathyroid cells isolated from SHPT patients by collagenase digestion show similar biological properties to the cells in vivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/metabolism , Parathyroid Glands/metabolism , Parathyroid Hormone , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Receptors, Calcium-Sensing/metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the differences in the factors associated with endometriosis between Chinese and British patients.@*METHODS@#This case-control study was conducted in 387 patients with endometriosis and 199 non-endometriosis patients admitted to John Radcliffe Hospital (Oxford, UK) and in 101 patients with endometriosis and 50 non-endometriosis patients admitted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine. The clinical data including height, weight, body mass index, marital status, employment, menstruation, fertility, and operation reasons were collected via a standardized WERF EPHect questionnaire.@*RESULTS@#Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that body mass index, surgery for dysmenorrhea, history of pregnancy, counts of previous surgeries for endometriosis and status of employment were all significantly associated with endometriosis in the UK (P < 0.05), while a history of dysmenorrhea was significantly correlated with endometriosis in Chinese patients (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Dysmenorrhea may be the most important common factor associated with endometriosis in China and the UK, but the other factors contributing to endometriosis may differ between these two countries.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Endometriosis/complications , Female , Humans , Menstruation , Pregnancy , United Kingdom
6.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 456-460, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923689

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the effects of acute exposure to electronic cigarette ( e-cigarette ) on leukocyte and total protein levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid ( BALF ) and pulmonary surfactant protein expression in a mouse model, so as to provide insights into the elucidation of the mechanism underlying the damages to the respiratory system caused by e-cigarette.@*Methods@#Twenty-one C57BL/6N female mice were randomly divided into the blank control group, the solvent control group and the nicotine group. Mice in the solvent control group and the nicotine group were exposed to the solvent aerosol or e-cigarette aerosol containing 25 mg/mL nicotine for 3 hours daily, while mice in the blank control group were bred in clean air. Following 3-day exposure, mouse BALF and lung specimens were collected. The cell morphology was observed using microscopy following Wright-Giemsa staining and the leukocyte count was estimated in BALF, while the total protein expression was quantified using bicinchoninic acid ( BCA ) assay. In addition, the mRNA expression of pulmonary surfactant protein genes was detected in mouse lung specimens using quantitative real-time PCR ( qPCR ) assay.@*Results@#All mice in three groups grew well without obvious abnormality or death seen. Wright-Giemsa staining showed a higher number of mononuclear macrophages in mouse BALF in the nicotine group than in the blank control group and the solvent control group. The leukocyte counts were ( 2.00±0.77 )×107, ( 1.79±0.99 )×107 and ( 4.00±1.35 )×107 cells/L ( F=9.199, P=0.002 ), and the total protein levels were ( 0.16±0.03 ), ( 0.12±0.02 ) and ( 0.16±0.04 ) mg/mL in mouse BALF in the blank control group, solvent control group and nicotine group ( F=3.610, P=0.048 ), and the relative mRNA expression of pulmonary surfactant protein B (SP-B) and SP-D was 1.00±0.14, 0.82±0.12 and 0.74±0.07 ( F=5.491, P=0.028 ), and 1.00±0.06, 0.90±0.02 and 0.71±0.15 in mouse lung specimens, respectively ( F=10.460, P=0.005 ). The leukocyte count was significantly higher in the nicotine group than in the blank control group and solvent control group (P=0.007, 0.003), and the total protein content was higher in the nicotine group than in the solvent control group ( P=0.060 ), while the relative SP-B mRNA expression was lower in the nicotine group than in the blank control group ( P=0.025 ), and the relative SP-D mRNA expression was lower in the nicotine group than in the blank control group and solvent control group ( P=0.004, 0.041 ).@*Conclusion@#Acute exposure to e-cigarette results in elevated intrapulmonary inflammatory responses, pulmonary capillary barrier impairment and reduced pulmonary surfactant protein expression.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 429-432, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923145

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand physical activity status and its relation with cardiopulmonary endurance among Chinese children and adolescents, so as to provide reference for cardiopulmonary endurance improvement and intervention of Chinese children and adolescents.@*Methods@#During September to November 2018, a stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 4 269 children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in six major regions of China, 20 m shuttle run test and physical activity were assessed.@*Results@#Average duration for daily lowintensity physical activity among boys was (31.49±30.01) min, for moderate to vigorous physical activity (68.37±46.50) min. Average duration for low intensity physical activity among girls was (34.02±31.58) min, for moderate to vigorous physical activity was (63.02±44.91) min. The number of 20 m shuttle run test for boys reached ( 36.17 ±21.94) times, and the maximal oxygen uptake per minute was (44.51±5.05) mL/kg; the number of 20 m shuttle run test for girls reached (26.59±12.56) times, and the maximal oxygen uptake per minute was (41.99±5.29) mL/kg. There were statistically significant differences in the number of 20 m shuttle run test and maximal oxygen uptake across age groups in boys ( F= 589.37 , 152.79, P <0.01), as well as that in girls ( F=305.21, 1 032.46, P <0.01). The proportion of boys and girls who met moderate to vigorous physical activity standard was 49.24% and 42.92%, respectively. Linear regression analysis showed that there was a significant positive correlation between the duration of moderate to vigorous physical activity and maximal oxygen uptake ( β=0.11, P < 0.01).@*Conclusion@#There is a significant correlation between moderate to vigorous physical activity with cardiorespiratory endurance among Chinese children and adolescents. Higher level of moderate to vigorous physical activity is important to help improve cardiopulmonary endurance among children and adolescents.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 651-664, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929317

ABSTRACT

Inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit beta (IKKβ) is one of important kinases in inflammation to phosphorylate inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B (IκBα) and then activate nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB). Inhibition of IKKβ has been a therapeutic strategy for inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Here we report that IKKβ is constitutively activated in healthy donors and healthy Ikkβ C46A (cysteine 46 mutated to alanine) knock-in mice although they possess intensive IKKβ-IκBα-NF-κB signaling activation. These indicate that IKKβ activation probably plays homeostatic role instead of causing inflammation. Compared to Ikkβ WT littermates, lipopolysaccharides (LPS) could induce high mortality rate in Ikkβ C46A mice which is correlated to breaking the homeostasis by intensively activating p-IκBα-NF-κB signaling and inhibiting phosphorylation of 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (p-AMPK) expression. We then demonstrated that IKKβ kinase domain (KD) phosphorylates AMPKα1 via interacting with residues Thr183, Ser184, and Thr388, while IKKβ helix-loop-helix motifs is essential to phosphorylate IκBα according to the previous reports. Kinase assay further demonstrated that IKKβ simultaneously catalyzes phosphorylation of AMPK and IκBα to mediate homeostasis. Accordingly, activation of AMPK rather than inhibition of IKKβ could substantially rescue LPS-induced mortality in Ikkβ C46A mice by rebuilding the homeostasis. We conclude that IKKβ activates AMPK to restrict inflammation and IKKβ mediates homeostatic function in inflammation via competitively phosphorylating AMPK and IκBα.

9.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 474-488, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929086

ABSTRACT

Astrocytes are increasingly recognized to play an active role in learning and memory, but whether neural inputs can trigger event-specific astrocytic Ca2+ dynamics in real time to participate in working memory remains unclear due to the difficulties in directly monitoring astrocytic Ca2+ dynamics in animals performing tasks. Here, using fiber photometry, we showed that population astrocytic Ca2+ dynamics in the hippocampus were gated by sensory inputs (centered at the turning point of the T-maze) and modified by the reward delivery during the encoding and retrieval phases. Notably, there was a strong inter-locked and antagonistic relationship between the astrocytic and neuronal Ca2+ dynamics with a 3-s phase difference. Furthermore, there was a robust synchronization of astrocytic Ca2+ at the population level among the hippocampus, medial prefrontal cortex, and striatum. The inter-locked, bidirectional communication between astrocytes and neurons at the population level may contribute to the modulation of information processing in working memory.


Subject(s)
Animals , Astrocytes , Hippocampus/physiology , Humans , Memory, Short-Term/physiology , Mice , Neurons/physiology , Population Dynamics
10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2130-2135, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942674

ABSTRACT

Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is an autoimmune disease commonly observed in middle-aged women, and it may progress to liver cirrhosis and liver failure. Ursodeoxycholic acid and obeticholic acid are the only first - and second-line drugs approved by the FDA, but about 40% of patients are insensitive to UDCA. Studies are being conducted on a variety of second-line drugs such as fibrates and immunosuppressive drugs, and liver transplantation is the only treatment method for end-stage PBC. This article reviews the research advances in the treatment of PBC and related mechanisms, in order to provide a reference for clinical practice.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2811-2820, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941510

ABSTRACT

Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole/time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q/TOF-MS/MS) has been used to detect the metabolites of schaftoside in plasma, bile, urine and feces of mice after oral administration. The study was approved by the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee from Xuzhou Medical University (No. XZMULL201612024). Compounds were identified by analyzing their high-resolution mass spectrometry data, mass spectra, and comparison with reference substances and the literatures. The parent compound and 29 metabolites were detected in the plasma, bile, urine and feces samples of mice. The main metabolic pathways of schaftoside in mice include deglycosylation/glycosylation, hydroxylation/dehydroxylation, hydrogenation, methylation, acetylation, sulfation, and glucuronidation. This study provides references for the material basis of schaftoside in vivo.

12.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 569-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941476

ABSTRACT

Liver transplantation has become an effective treatment for end-stage liver diseases. With rapid development of surgical techniques, donor selection, organ preservation and transportation, immunosuppressants and perioperative management, the overall incidence of complications after liver transplantation has been significantly decreased, whereas the incidence of biliary complications remains relatively high. At present, biliary complications after liver transplantation are still an important cause of graft failure. Nevertheless, the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of biliary complications remain controversial, which are also research hotspots in the field of organ transplantation in recent years. In this article, new breakthrough and research progress upon biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation in adults were reviewed, aiming to provide theoretical basis for resolving biliary complications-related clinical issues.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940542

ABSTRACT

Seborrheic alopecia is a chronic dermatological disease caused by multiple factors. It occurs frequently in young and middle-aged men aged 20-30 years. The main clinical manifestations are greasy hair, itching, excessive dandruff, receding hairline, sparse hair on the top of the head, and progressive hair loss in the frontotemporal area. Seborrheic alopecia is not fatal, but it affects the appearance of patients, seriously harming their self-esteem and bringing great psychological distress to them. The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway widely exists in multicellular eukaryotes and is a basic growth regulatory pathway which regulates cell proliferation and differentiation, maintains stem cells activity and organ homeostasis, and affects cell migration. At present, it has been reported in China and abroad that Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is closely related to the occurrence and development of seborrheic alopecia and the action mechanism of drugs. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has multi-component, multi-target, and multi-pathway advantages, and it can promote the formation of hair follicle laminae, the proliferation and differentiation of hair follicle stem cells, and the periodic changes in hair follicles by regulating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, thereby alleviating seborrheic alopecia. This article reviewed the relationship of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and its key target protein factors with seborrheic alopecia to clarify the important role of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in seborrheic alopecia. At the same time, the TCM that targeted the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway to relieve seborrheic alopecia were summarized, so as to provide reference for the treatment of seborrheic alopecia and further development of new drugs.

14.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 443-460, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939579

ABSTRACT

The mammalian internal circadian clock system has been evolved to adapt to the diurnal changes in the internal and external environment of the organism to regulate diverse physiological functions, such as the sleep-wake cycle and feeding rhythm, thereby coordinating the rhythmic changes of energy demand and nutrition supply in each diurnal cycle. The circadian clock regulates glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism, and hormones secretion in diverse tissues and organs, including the liver, skeletal muscle, pancreas, heart, and vessels. As a special "organ" of the host, the gut microbiota, together with the intestinal microenvironment (tissues, cells, and metabolites) in a co-evolutionary process, constitutes a micro-ecosystem and plays an important role in the process of nutrient digestion and absorption in the intestine of the host. In recent years, accumulating evidence indicates that the compositions, quantities, colonization, and functional activities of the gut microbiota exhibit significant circadian variations, which are closely related to the changes of various physiological functions under the regulation of host circadian clock system. In addition, several studies have shown that the gut microbiota can produce many important metabolites such as the short-chain fatty acids through the degradation of indigestive dietary fibers. A portion of gut microbiota-derived metabolites can regulate the circadian clock system and metabolism of the host. This article mainly discusses the interaction between the host circadian clock system and the gut microbiota, and highlights its influence on energy metabolism of the host, providing a novel clues and thought for the prevention and treatment of metabolic diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Circadian Clocks/physiology , Circadian Rhythm/physiology , Ecosystem , Energy Metabolism , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/physiology , Lipid Metabolism/physiology , Mammals
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936069

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct a prediction model of pathologic complete response (pCR) in locally advanced rectal cancer patients who received programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) antibody and total neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy by using radiomics based on MR imaging data and to investigate its predictive value. Methods: A clinical diagnostic test study was carried out. Clinicopathalogical and radiological data of 38 patients with middle-low rectal cancer who received PD-1 antibody combined with total neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and underwent TME surgery from January 2019 to September 2021 in our hospital were retrospectively collected. Among 38 patients, 23 were males and 15 were females with a median age of 68 (47-79) years and 13 (34.2%) a chieved pCR. These 38 patients were stratified and randomly divided into the training group (n=26) and test group (n=12) for modeling. All the patients underwent rectal MRI before treatment. The clinical, imaging and radiomics features of all the patients were collected, and the clinical feature model and radiomics model were constructed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of each model were drawn, and the constructed model was evaluated through the area under the curve (AUC), accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value. Results: There were no significant differences in age, gender, primary location of tumor and postoperative pathology between the two groups (all P>0.05). Forty-one features were extracted from region of interest in each modality, including 9 first-order features, 24 gray level co-occurrence matrix features and 8 shape features. From 38 patients, 41 features were extracted from each imaging modality of baseline and preoperative DWI and T2WI images, totally 164 features. Only 4 features were preserved after correlation analysis between each pair of features and t-test between pCR and non-pCR subjects. After LASSO cross validation, only the first-order skewness of the baseline DWI image before treatment and the volume in the baseline T2WI image before treatment were retained. The area under the curve, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the prediction model established by applying these two features in the training group and the test group were 0.856 and 0.844, 77.8% and 100.0%, 88.2% and 75.0%, 77.8% and 66.7%, 88.2% and 100.0%, respectively. The decision curve analysis of the radiomics model showed that the strategy of this model in predicting pCR was better than that in treating all the patients as pCR and that in treating all the patients as non-pCR. Conclusion: The pCR prediction model for rectal cancer patients receiving PD-1 antibody combined with total neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy based on MRI radiomics has the potential to be used in clinical screening or rectal cancer patients who can be spared from radical surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antibodies/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935751

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of lead exposure on the neurobehavior and gut microbiota community structure in mice. Methods: In August 2019, 64 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group (0 ppm) , low lead exposure group (20 mg/l) , medium lead exposure group (100 mg/l) and high lead exposure group (500 mg/l) . During the experiment, they were free to eat and drink. The drinking water of the lead exposure group was mixed with lead acetate, and sodium acetate was added in the control group. After 10 weeks of exposure, the Morris water maze was used to test the learning and memory ability of each group of mice, and then they were sacrificed for sampling. ICP-MS was used to detect lead content in whole blood and brain tissue. ELISA was used to determine the level of IL-1β in mouse serum. 16S rRNA sequencing was used to detect the structural diversity of the intestinal flora in feces, and then the correlation between the flora and behavior indicators was analyzed. Results: In the Morris water maze experiment, compared with the control group, there was no significant difference in the body weight and swimming speed of the mice in the lead exposure groups. The escape latency of the mice in the 100 mg/l and 500 mg/l dose groups was prolonged, and the number of platform crossings decreased (P<0.05) ; meanwhile, the staying time of the mice in the 500 mg/l Pb-treated group in the target quadrant was lower than that of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) . Compared with the control group, the blood lead content of the mice in each lead exposure group was significantly increased, and the brain lead content of mice in the 500 mg/l dose group was significantly elevated (P<0.05) . The serum IL-1β levels of mice in each lead exposure group were higher than those of the control group (P<0.05) . At the phylum level, the relative abundance of the Proteobacteria phylum in all of Pb-treated groups was significantly increased (P<0.05) ; at the genus level, Allobaculum, Desulfovibrio, Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group, Turicibacter and Ureaplasma were significantly increased (P<0.05) . Among them. The relative abundance of Desuffaoibrio, Turici bacter, and Ureaplasma was negatively correlated with the residence time of mice in the quadrant of the platform (r=-0.32, -0.29, -0.44, P<0.05) . Conclusion: Lead exposure induced learning and memory impairments in mice, which may be related to the disturbance of the gut microbiota.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Lead/toxicity , Maze Learning , Memory Disorders , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 523-527, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935421

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the distribution of HIV-1 genetic subtypes and pretreatment drug resistance (PDR) among men who have sex with men (MSM) from 19 cities of 6 provinces in China. Methods: From April to November 2019, 574 plasma samples of ART-naive HIV-1 infected MSM were collected from 19 cities in Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, and Guangdong provinces, total ribonucleic acid (RNA) was extracted and amplified the HIV-1 pol gene region by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) after reverse transcription. Then sequences were used to construct a phylogenetic tree to determine genetic subtypes and submitted to the Stanford drug resistance database for drug resistance analysis. Results: A total of 479 samples were successfully amplified by PCR. The HIV-1 genetic subtypes included CRF01_AE, CRF07_BC, B, CRF55_01B, CRF59_01B, CRF65_cpx, CRF103_01B, CRF67_01B, CRF68_01B and unrecognized subtype, which accounted for 43.4%, 36.3%, 6.3%, 5.9%, 0.8%, 0.8%, 0.4%, 0.4%, 0.2% and 5.5%, respectively. The distribution of genetic subtypes among provinces is statistically different (χ2=44.141, P<0.001). The overall PDR rate was 4.6% (22/479), the drug resistance rate of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, and protease inhibitors were 3.5% (17/479), 0.8% (4/479) and 0.2% (1/479), respectively. The PDR rate of recent infections was significantly higher than that of long-term infections (χ2=4.634, P=0.031). Conclusions: The HIV-1 genetic subtypes among MSM infected with HIV-1 from 19 cities of 6 provinces in China are diverse, and the distribution of subtypes is different among provinces. The overall PDR rate is low, while the PDR rate of recent infections was significantly higher than that of long-term infections, suggesting the surveillance of PDR in recent infections should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Cities , Drug Resistance , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , Female , Genotype , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV Seropositivity/drug therapy , HIV-1/genetics , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Phylogeny , Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Sexual and Gender Minorities
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935352

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the incidence of HIV-1 infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) in key areas of China through HIV-1 limiting antigen avidity enzyme immunoassay (LAg-Avidity EIA), analyze the deviation from the actual results and identify influencing factors, and provided reference for improving the accuracy of estimation results. Methods: Based on the principle of the cohort randomized study design, 20 cities were selected in China based on population size and the number of HIV-positive MSM. The sample size was estimated to be 700 according to the HIV-1 infection rate in MSM. MSM mobile phone app. was used to establish a detection appointment and questionnaire system, and the baseline cross-sectional survey was conducted from April to November 2019. LAg-Avidity EIA was used to identify the recent infected samples. The incidence of HIV-1 infection was calculated and then adjusted based on the estimation formula designed by WHO. The influencing factors were identified by analyzing the sample collection and detection processes. Results: Among the 10 650 blood samples from the participants, 799 were HIV-positive in initial screening, in which 198 samples (24.78%) missed during confirmation test. Only 621 samples were received by the laboratory. After excluding misreported samples, 520 samples were qualified for testing. A total of 155 samples were eventually determined as recent infection through LAg-Avidity EIA; Based on the estimation formula , the incidence of HIV-1 infection in MSM in 20 cities was 4.06% (95%CI:3.27%-4.85%), it increased to 5.53% (95%CI: 4.45%-6.60%)after the adjusting for sample missing rate. When the sample missing rate and misreporting rate were both adjusted, the incidence of HIV-1 infection in the MSM increased to 5.66% (95%CI:4.67%-6.65%). The actual incidence of HIV-1 infection in MSM in the 20 cities might be between 4.06% and 5.66%. Conclusions: Sample missing and misreporting might cause the deviation of the estimation of HIV-1 infection incidence. It is important to ensure the sample source and the quality of sample collection and detection to reduce the deviation in the estimation of HIV-1 infection incidence.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV-1 , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Immunoenzyme Techniques , Incidence , Male , Sexual and Gender Minorities
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935315

ABSTRACT

Based on the open data of China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), 249 children, adolescents and 249 heads of families who completed two rounds of surveys in 2011 and 2015 were selected in this study. According to the fast food consumption of children and adolescents, they were divided into fast food consumption group and non-fast food consumption group. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between children and adolescents watching Food TV advertising and fast food consumption. After adjusting relevant factors, the results showed that children and adolescents requiring their parents to buy food in TV advertisements (OR=3.122, P=0.001), parents buying food for their children in TV advertisements (OR=4.717, P=0.036), children and adolescents buying food in TV advertisements themselves (OR=3.728, P=0.041), children and adolescents' preference for food in TV advertisements (OR=2.946, P=0.044) and the frequency of children and adolescents reported by their parents asking their parents to buy food in TV advertisements (OR=3.113, P=0.002) were associated with children and adolescents' fast food consumption.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Advertising , Child , China , Fast Foods/analysis , Humans , Nutrition Surveys , Television
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935309

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of hepatitis E vaccine(HEV)in Maintenance hemodialysis(MHD)patients. Methods: Based on an open-labeled controlled trial, from May 2016 to March 2018, 35 eligible MHD patients were recruited in the Hemodialysis Center of Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University as the experimental group, and 70 MHD patients with matched age, gender and underlying diseases as the control group. The experimental group received HEV at 0, 1 and 6 months according to the standard vaccination procedures, while the control group received routine diagnosis and treatment without vaccine and placebo injection to observe the safety and immunogenicity of the vaccine. The safety of vaccine in MHD population was evaluated by the incidence of adverse reactions/events in the experimental and control groups. The immunogenicity of HEV in MHD patients was evaluated by comparing the data from the phase Ⅲ clinical trial. Results: The overall incidence of adverse reactions/events was 17.1% (18/105), and there were no grade 3-4 adverse reactions/events related to vaccination. In the experimental group, the incidence of local adverse reactions/events was 20.0% (7/35), and the incidence of systemic adverse reactions/events was 17.1% (6/35).There was no significant difference in the incidence of systemic adverse reactions/events between the experimental group and the control group (P>0.05). There were 23 patients receiving 3 doses with the standard schedule. The positive rate of HEV-IgG antibody was 100% and the GMC was 14.47(95%CI:13.14-15.80) WU/ml, which showed no significant difference compared with the 46 patients in Phase Ⅲ clinical trial (t=-1.04, P>0.05). Conclusion: Recombinant HEV has good safety and immunogenicity in MHD patients.


Subject(s)
Clinical Trials, Phase III as Topic , Female , Hepatitis E , Humans , Immunogenicity, Vaccine , Immunoglobulin G , Male , Renal Dialysis , Viral Hepatitis Vaccines/adverse effects
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