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1.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1754-1758, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984527

ABSTRACT

The experience of famous and veteran physicians in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a supplement to the cognition of industry groups and a high-quality learning resource. Digital inheritance of the experience of famous and veteran TCM physicians refers to the use of digital technology to record, organize, protect, spread, share and innovate the knowledge, skills and experiences of famous and veteran TCM physicians, which helps to overcome the inefficiency of traditional experience inheritance and realize the inheritance and development of TCM culture. Digital inheritance has certain advantages in accessibility, loss resistance, accuracy, innovation ability and effectiveness, which can assist the digital preservation, analysis and excavation of the experience of famous and veteran TCM physicians, and is an important supplement to the traditional way of learning from teachers. Digital inheritance is usually divided into the following steps: building a database of TCM knowledge, building a database of experienced medical records of famous and veteran TCM physicians, discovering laws by data mining, and assisting clinical decision-making with machine learning. The digital inheritance of famous and veteran TCM physicians is not only the use of experience information, but also the process of innovation and productization based on experience, which may become a new service model of TCM diagnosis and treatment.

2.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 262-270, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965841

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo assess the prognostic value of 18F-FDG PET/CT parameters for predicting therapeutic response in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). MethodsWe retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and 18F-FDG PET/CT radiomics features of 81 DLBCL patients enrolled between June 2015 and October 2020. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the predictive factors for therapeutic response of DLBCL, based on which a predictive model was developed accordingly. The performance of the model was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and calibration plots. ResultsDuring the two years after first chemotherapy, 23 patients (28.3%) developed relapse and 58 patients (71.7%) had progression-free survival (PFS). The analysis for the predictive capability of the binary logistic regression model incorporating the PET/CT features revealed that the imaging features of 18F-FDG PET/CT after chemotherapy were independent prognostic factors for PFS. Among them, SUVTHR-mean2 was the most important factor for predicting therapeutic response in DLBCL patients after chemotherapy, with a cutoff value of 2.00 (AUC=0.81). Conclusions18F-FDG PET/CT showed a valuable prognostic performance for PFS in DLBCL patients after chemotherapy, with the imaging feature after chemotherapy SUVTLR-mean2 being the optimal independent predictor. Our predictive model of imaging features might have an important prognostic value in assessing the risk of disease progression, guiding the treatment and follow-up protocol, improving therapeutic efficiency and cutting down the medical cost.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 551-555, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986168

ABSTRACT

Relevant research in recent years has demonstrated that the atrial fibrillation occurrence rate is significantly higher in patients with cirrhosis. The most common indication for long-term anticoagulant therapy is chronic atrial fibrillation. The use of anticoagulant therapy greatly reduces the incidence rate of ischemic stroke. Patients with cirrhosis combined with atrial fibrillation have an elevated risk of bleeding and embolism during anticoagulant therapy due to cirrhotic coagulopathy. At the same time, the liver of such patients will go through varying levels of metabolism and elimination while consuming currently approved anticoagulant drugs, thereby increasing the complexity of anticoagulant therapy. This article summarizes the clinical studies on the risks and benefits of anticoagulant therapy in order to provide a reference for patients with cirrhosis combined with atrial fibrillation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Stroke/epidemiology , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Hemorrhage , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy , Risk Factors
4.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 330-336, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996162

ABSTRACT

As a form of Tuina(Chinese therapeutic massage)Qigong exercises and an essential part of exercise therapy,static training has proven clinical efficacy.However,further evidence is required to reveal its mechanism of action provided by animal experiments.There are four major ways to establish static training animal models:pole climbing,hind-limb suspension,isometric-contraction weight bearing,and electrical stimulation.These models have been used to study diseases of the motor,circulatory,and endocrine systems,etc.,and the mechanism has got extensive exploration.It reviewed static training animal models and the research progress to provide theoretical evidence for static training's experimental research and mechanism exploration.

5.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 483-492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995754

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical and laboratory characteristics of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with NPM1 mutation, and to explore the prognostic factors.Methods:A total of 77 AML patients with NPM1 gene mutation admitted to Hebei Yanda Ludaopei Hospital from May 1st 2012 to December 31st 2021 were enrolled in the study, including 34 male and 43 female patients. The median age was 40 (3, 68) years old. Patients were selected and divided into 4 groups according to the morphological FAB classification. There were 29 cases (37.7%) of M1 type, 13 cases (16.9%) of M2 type, 23 cases (29.9%) of M4 type, and 12 cases (15.5%) of M5 type. The clinical characteristics, bone marrow/peripheral blood cell morphology, immunophenotype, cytogenetics, molecular biology and overall survival of different groups were retrospectively analyzed, and the risk factors affecting the prognosis of AML were also explored. Cox multivariate regression was used to analyze the clinical influencing factors of survival and prognosis.Results:The white blood cell counts were highest in M4 and M5 patients and lowest in M2 patients, while no significant difference in the red blood cell, hemoglobin, and platelet counts( P>0.05). Morphologically, there were significant differences in the percentage of blasts and blasts with cup-like nuclei on bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB). The proportion of blasts in BM and PB was the highest in M1 and the lowest in M2 ( P<0.001). The positive rate of blasts with cup-like nuclei was the highest in M1 and the lowest in M5 of BM ( P<0.001), while the highest in M2 and the lowest in M5 of PB ( P=0.006). The scores of myeloperoxidase and chloroacetate esterase were all the highest in M1 and the lowest in M5 ( P<0.001, 0.001, respectively). In terms of molecular biology, the occurence rate of blasts combined with DNMT3A mutation was the highest in M4 and the lowest in M2 ( P=0.044), while those combined with FLT3-ITD mutation was the highest in M4 and the lowest in M5 ( P=0.002). In immunophenotype, there were significant differences in the expression positivities of seven antigens including HLA-DR, CD56, CD11c, CD15, CD14, CD96 and cMPO ( P<0.05). Multivariate COX regression analysis showed that no recurrence after treatment ( P<0.001), complete remission after treatment ( P=0.015) and transplantation ( P<0.001) were correlated with overall survival (OS). No recurrence after treatment ( P=0.033), transplantation ( P=0.027), no mutation of FLT3-ITD ( P=0.040), and hemoglobin concentration ( P=0.023) were associated with relapse-free survival (RFS). Survival analysis by Kaplan-Meier curve showed that there was no significant difference in survival time between the M1, M2, M4 and M5 groups in OS and RFS. Conclusion:There were significant differences in the white blood count, the percentage of blasts and blasts with cup-like nuclear morphology, cytochemical staining (MPO integration, CE integration and percentage of NAS-DCE), gene mutation (DNMT3A and FLT3-ITD) and immunophenotypes (HLA-DR, CD56, CD11c, CD15, CD14, CD96 and cMPO) between the four groups. The multivariate analysis revealed that no recurrence after treatment and transplantation were independent prognostic factors in NPM1 mut AML patients. On the other hand, FLT3-ITD mutation and hemoglobin concentration were associated with RFS and complete remission after treatment was associated with OS in the entire NPM1 mut cohort.

6.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 339-343, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995107

ABSTRACT

Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy often causes long-term adverse effect on neurological system or even death in near-term or full-term infants, but no effective treatment is available currently. Studies have shown that xenon can reduce brain injury caused by hypoxia-ischemia and is promising in clinical practice. The possible mechanisms include antagonism to glutamic acid receptors, anti-apoptosis, promotion of cell repair and xenon preconditioning. This article reviews the mechanism and research progress on neuroprotection effect of xenon in the treatment of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 56-58, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994438

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze types of mucosal candidiasis and drug resistance of relevant pathogens in a dermatology outpatient clinic in Taiyuan.Methods:Clinical data were collected from 172 patients with mucosal candidiasis, who had positive fungal culture results, in the dermatology outpatient clinic of Shanxi Bethune Hospital from 2019 to 2020. Pathogens were identified by a molecular biological approach, and in vitro drug sensitivity test was performed. Results:Among the 172 patients with mucosal candidiasis, 142 (82.6%) had vulvovaginal candidiasis, 24 (14.0%) had candidal balanoposthitis, and 6 (3.5%) had oral candidiasis; 3 patients were aged ≤ 18 years, 155 were aged 19 - 59 years, and 14 were aged ≥ 60 years, and the proportion of patients with vulvovaginal candidiasis significantly differed among the above 3 age groups (2/3, 134/155[86.45%], 6/14, respectively; χ2 = 14.29, P < 0.05) . Molecular biological identification showed that all the 172 isolated strains belonged to the genus Candida, including 165 strains of Candida albicans (95.9%) , 5 strains of Candida glabrata (2.9%) , and 2 strains of Candida parapsilosis (1.2%) ; the sensitivity to common antifungal agents including flucytosine, amphotericin B, fluconazole, itraconazole and voriconazole was 95.9%, 100.0%, 62.2%, 47.1% and 56.4%, respectively. Conclusion:In the dermatology outpatient clinic of Shanxi Bethune Hospital, vulvovaginal candidiasis was the most common type of mucosal candidiasis, and the main pathogen was Candida albicans; the Candida isolates showed high sensitivity to flucytosine and amphotericin B.

8.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 188-192, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994400

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the association between serum anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody (anti-tTG) titers and the severity of histological damage to the duodenal mucosa and to predict a possible anti-tTG cutoff value for diagnosing celiac disease (CD) and villous atrophy in the domestic population. Clinical and pathological data from 76 adult CD patients with positive anti-tTG titers and duodenal biopsy results who were treated at the People′s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from July 2017 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The correlation between anti-tTG titers and the severity of duodenal mucosal damage was statistically assessed to predict the optimal anti-tTG titer cut-off value for diagnosing CD and villous atrophy. Of the 76 patients, 10 had underlying CD, and of the 66 patients with duodenal histopathology, four were Marsh Ⅰ, six were Marsh Ⅱ, and 56 were Marsh Ⅲa-c grade. In adults with CD, anti-tTG titers were shown to be associated with the severity of histological damage to the duodenal mucosa. When the anti-tTG level was ≥5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN), the sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing CD were 83.9% and 92.9%, respectively. When the anti-tTG titer was ≥8 times the ULN, the sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing villous atrophy were 67.9% and 90.0%, respectively. Anti-tTG levels had a strong predictive value for diagnosing CD in adults when titers exceeded 10 times the ULN. Thus, the anti-tTG cut-off value can be combined with clinical judgment to diagnose CD, limiting the use of invasive endoscopy.

9.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 35-42, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994385

ABSTRACT

Objective:The study aimed to analyze the clinical and endoscopic characteristics of adult celiac disease (CD) to provide a scientific basis for more effective CD diagnosis and treatment.Methods:In this cross-sectional study, the clinical and endoscopic data of 96 adult CD patients treated in the Department of Gastroenterology of the People′s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from March 2016 to December 2021 were retrospectively collected and analyzed.Results:A total of 96 CD patients were diagnosed, including 33 men and 63 women. The average age was 47±14 years (range, 18-81 years). The disease occurred mainly in the age group of 31-60 years. The median course of the disease was 2.0 (0.2-40.0) years. There were 41 (42.7%) classical and 55 (57.3%) non-classical CD patients. All patients with classical CD showed chronic diarrhea, often accompanied by abdominal pain (46.3%, 19/41), abdominal distension (17.1%, 7/41), anemia (65.9%, 27/41), and chronic fatigue (48.8%, 20/41). The main manifestations of non-classical CD were chronic abdominal pain (58.2%, 32/55), abdominal distension (32.7%, 18/55), anemia (40.0%, 22/55), and osteopenia/osteoporosis (38.2%, 21/55). Compared with non-classical CD, anemia developed more frequently in classical CD, and the difference was statistically significant ( P = 0.012). The incidence of complications in CD patients was 36.5% (35/96), and the main complications were thyroid disease (19.8%, 19/96), connective tissue disease (6.2%, 6/96), and kidney disease (6.2%, 6/96). There was no significant difference between classical and non-classical CD ( P>0.05). The frequency of endoscopic manifestations in CD patients was 84.4% (81/96). Duodenal bulb endoscopy showed nodular changes (72.9%, 70/96), grooved changes (10.4%, 10/96), and focal villous atrophy (9.4%, 9/96). The main manifestations of descending endoscopy were the decrease, flattening, or disappearance of duodenal folds (43.8%, 42/96), scallop-like changes (38.5%, 37/96), and nodular changes (34.4%, 33/96). Conclusions:Adult CD patients are mostly female. CD occurred mainly in the age group of 31-60 years. The clinical manifestations were mainly those of non-classical CD. Some patients often had other autoimmune diseases. Patients with characteristic endoscopic manifestations should be warned about the possibility of developing CD. Clinicians should strengthen the understanding of CD and reduce the related rates of missed diagnosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 124-130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993162

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinically acceptable and reproducible bladder and rectum volumes of prostate cancer patients during radiotherapy under bladder and bowel preparation, aiming to provide quantitative indicators for bowel and bladder preparation before and after radiotherapy.Methods:Clinical data of 275 prostate cancer patients with strict bladder and bowel preparation and completion of whole course radical radiotherapy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from April 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were scanned with cone beam CT (CBCT) before each treatment and the setup error was recorded. Sixty-six patients were selected by simple random sampling and the bladder and rectum on daily CBCT was outlined using MIM software. The relationship between the ratio of daily bladder or rectum volume to the planned bladder or rectum volume (relative value of volume) and setup error was analyzed. Quantitative data were expressed as mean±SD. Normally distributed data were analyzed by paired t-test while non-normally distributed data were assessed by Kruskal-Wallis test.Results:The bladder and rectum volume on planning CT were (370.87±110.04) ml and (59.94±25.07) ml of 275 patients. The bladder and rectum volumes on planning CT were (357.51±107.38) ml and (65.28±35.37) ml respectively of the 66 selected patients with 1611 sets of CBCT images. And the bladder and rectum volumes on daily CBCT were (258.96±120.23) ml and (59.95 ± 30.40) ml. The bladder volume of patients was decreased by 3.59 ml per day on average during the treatment and 0.37 ml for the rectum volume. According to the bladder volume on planning CT, all patients were divided into three groups: <250 ml, 250-450 ml and >450 ml groups. The relative value of volume in the 250-450 ml group during the course of radiotherapy was the smallest. And the setup error in the superior and inferior (SI) direction was (0.28±0.24) cm and (0.19±0.17) cm in the left and right (LR) direction, significantly lower than those in the other two groups (both P≤0.027). According to the rectum volume on planning CT, all patients were divided into four groups: <50 ml, 50-<80 ml, 80-120 ml and >120 ml groups. The <50 ml group had the smallest relative value of volume during radiotherapy, and the setup error in the SI direction was (0.26±0.22) cm and (0.24±0.22) cm in the anterior and posterior (AP) direction, significantly smaller than those in the other groups (both P≤0.003). The setup errors in the SI, LR, AP directions of the enrolled 66 patients were (0.30±0.25) cm, (0.20±0.18) cm and (0.28±0.27) cm, respectively. Among them, the relative value of bladder volume in the AP direction was (0.73±0.37) in the setup error <0.3 cm group, which was statistically different from those in the setup error 0.3-0.5 cm and >0.5 cm groups (both P<0.05). Conclusion:Under the bladder and bowel preparation before planning CT, the appropriate bladder and rectum volumes are in the range of 250-450 ml and <50 ml, which yields higher reproducibility and smaller setup error.

11.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 191-197, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992887

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the vaginal microecological status of vaginitis population and non-vaginitis population of gynecological female outpatients.Methods:A total of 30 265 women who visited the gynecological outpatient clinic of Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from December 2018 to December 2020 completed vaginal microecological examination. After removing the follow-up patients, 23 181 women were divided into group with symptoms and signs of vaginitis (6 697 cases) and group without symptoms and signs of vaginitis (16 484 cases), according to whether the women with symptoms and signs of vaginitis or not. And the vaginal microecological status of the two groups was compared and analyzed.Results:(1) The total detection rate of vaginitis in the initial women was 34.87% (8 083/23 181), of which 46.10% (3 087/6 697) in group with symptoms and signs of vaginitis and 30.31% (4 996/16 484) in group without symptoms and signs of vaginitis, nearly 1/3 of the gynecological outpatients without signs and symptoms of vaginitis had vaginitis. (2) Among the types of simple vaginitis, vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) was the most frequent in group with symptoms and signs of vaginitis (16.01%, 1 072/6 697), followed by aerobic vaginitis (AV; 12.83%, 859/6 697), with significant differences compared with group without symptoms and signs of vaginitis (all P<0.001). There were no statistical differences between the two groups of bacterial vaginosis (BV) and trichomonal vaginitis (TV), indicating that BV and TV were more likely to be neglected (all P>0.05). (3) The proportion of various combinations of vaginitis among 2 632 cases of mixed vaginitis were, in descending order: BV+AV, VVC+AV, BV+AV+VVC, AV+TV, AV+TV+BV, BV+VVC. (4) Microecological analysis of 15 098 cases diagnosed with non-vaginitis had normal flora (including those with normal flora and those with normal flora but decreased function) in 14 013 cases (92.81%, 14 013/15 098), abnormal flora in 429 cases (2.84%, 429/15 098) and the BV intermediate in 656 cases (4.34%, 656/15 098); this indicated that the vast majority of the microecological tests were normal in the vaginal microbiota of those without vaginitis. Conclusions:Microecological examination could diagnose multiple pathogenic infections at once, and is especially important as a guide for the definitive diagnosis of mixed vaginitis and vaginitis with atypical clinical symptoms. Vaginal infections such as BV and TV that are easily overlooked should be concerned.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 670-675, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992765

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the outcomes of isolated Mason type Ⅱ radial head fracture between operative and non-operative treatments.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of patients who had been treated for isolated Mason type Ⅱ radial head fracture either operatively or nonoperatively at Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2017 to October 2020. The patients were divided into a non-operative group and an operative group according to their treatment method. After 1:1 propensity score matching method was used to match the patients in the 2 groups, a total of 58 pairs of patients were successfully matched. In the operative group, there were 24 males and 34 females with a mean age of (40±14) years and a body mass index of (23.7±3.4) kg/m 2; in the non-operative group, there were 22 males and 36 females with a mean age of (42±13) years and a body mass index of (23.5±3.9) kg/m 2. Elbow flexion-extension, forearm rotation, Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS), Quick-disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (q-DASH) score and complications were compared between the 2 groups. Results:There was no significant difference in the baseline data between the 2 groups, indicating comparability ( P>0.05). All the patients were followed up for (24±9) months. At the last follow up in the operative and the non-operative groups, respectively, the elbow flexion-extension was 134° (132°, 136°) and 134°(131°, 136°), the forearm rotation 176° (174°, 179°) and 178° (175°, 179°), the MEPS 100 (100, 100) and 100 (100, 100), the q-DASH score 0 (0, 0) and 0 (0, 0), showing no significant differences between the 2 groups in the above items ( P>0.05). Elbow pain was reported respectively in 4 (6.9%) and 6 (10.3%) patients in the operative and non-operative groups, showing no significant difference between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The outcomes of operative and non-operative treatments of isolated Mason type Ⅱ radial head fracture are comparable.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 58-63, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the compliance with enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol in geriatric patients with fresh fracture.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on the data of the patients with fresh extremity fracture which had been included in the ERAS perioperative protocol database during May 2019 and January 2022 at Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. The patients ≥65 years were selected as a study group which was matched by a control group of the patients < 65 years in sex, fracture type and date frame of hospitalization at a ratio of 1∶1. The 2 groups were compared in the compliance with the 14 ERAS core perioperative elements.Results:The study group and the control group each included 66 patients who were matched in sex and fracture type. 62.1% (41/66) of the patients in the study group had combined diseases, significantly more than that [16.7% (11/66)] in the control group( P<0.001). Altogether, the compliance with the 14 ERAS core perioperative elements was 78.6 (71.4, 85.7) % in both groups, showing no significant difference between them ( P>0.05). Respectively, the compliance with the postoperative oral intake in the study group (80.3%, 53/66) was significantly lower than that in the control group (92.4%, 61/66) ( P<0.05); the compliance with the other 13 elements showed no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The ERAS perioperative protocol can be carried out smoothly in geriatric patients with fresh fracture whose compliance may be comparable to that of the none-elderly patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 359-364, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990764

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the protective effects and mechanisms of melatonin (MTn) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and hypoxic-ischemic(HI) induced white matter damage (WMD) in neonatal rats.Methods:Seventy-two 3-day-old newborn Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly assigned into sham operation group (the sham group), model group (the HI group) and MTn intervention group (the HI+MTn group) ( n=24 for each group). For the sham group, only dissection of the right common carotid artery was performed without ligation. Animal models of WMD were established using LPS pretreatment and HI method in both the HI group and HI+MTn group. The HI+MTn group received MTn intraperitoneal injection (15 mg/kg, 1 h before LPS injection and then once daily). The HI group and the sham group received equal volume of normal saline containing 1% ethanol intraperitoneal injection. The rats were sacrificed on d7 of experiment and periventricular white matter (PVWM) was collected for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and TUNEL staining to determine WMD and apoptosis. The distribution and morphology of microglial cells in the PVWM were studied using IBA1 immunofluorescence staining. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) kit was used to detect ROS. The expression of nucleotide-binding domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-18 and mitochondrial autophagy markers (pink1 and parkin) were determined using real-time quantitative PCR. Results:Compared with the sham group, the HI group showed WMD, cell degeneration and necrosis,increased cell apoptosis and increased expressions of NLRP3 inflammasomes and downstream inflammatory factors (IL-1β and IL-18) in PVWM. Compared with the HI group,the HI+MTn group showed reduced WMD, cell apoptosis, microglia infiltration and inflammatory factors expression. MTn increased pink1 and parkin expression and reduced ROS production in PVWM.Conclusions:MTn reduces ROS production by enhancing mitochondrial autophagy and inhibits NLRP3 inflammasomes hyperactivation to alleviate endotoxin- and HI-induced WMD in neonatal rats.

15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1636-1641, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990384

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of the intelligent ward combined with DMAIC in improving the procedure and shortening the time of operation, so as to provide a reasonable basis for optimizing and improving the operation process.Methods:This was a prospective study. A total of 240 patients with gynecological surgery hospitalized in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from August to November 2021 were selected as the research object. From August to September 2021, the routine management mode of staff in the operating room and ward was adopted as the control group, with a total of 120 cases. From October to November 2021, the intelligent ward combined with DMAIC mode of staff in the operating room and ward was adopted as the observation group, with a total of 120 cases. The time of receiving operation notice, preoperative preparation time, preparation time of transfer personnel, waiting time after the arrival of transfer personnel and the total time of receiving operation were compared between the two groups.Results:The time of receiving operation notice was (1.42 ± 0.61) min in the observation group, which was less than that in the control group (3.53 ± 1.12) min, the difference was statistically significant ( t=18.14, P<0.05). The preoperative preparation time was (8.43 ± 1.80) min in the observation group,which was less than that in the control group (11.36 ± 2.01) min, the difference was statistically significant ( t=11.89, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the preparation time of transfer personnel between the two groups ( P>0.05). The waiting time after the arrival of transfer personnel was 2.33(1.75, 2.93) min in the observation group, which was less than that in the control group 5.19(3.46, 8.42) min, the difference was statistically significant ( t=-10.06, P<0.05). The total time of receiving operation was (23.90 ± 4.94) min in the observation group, which was less than that in the control group (28.84 ± 4.75) min, the difference was statistically significant ( t=7.90, P<0.05). Conclusions:The intelligent ward combined with DMAIC improves the operation receiving process of the ward, shortens the total time for receiving the operation, and effectively improves the work quality and efficiency of the medical staff.

16.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 4-9, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989308

ABSTRACT

Biomedical engineering uses engineering disciplines to solve medical-related problems efficiently and intelligently. It is a discipline that integrates multiple fields such as medicine, automation, computer science, data science, and integrated circuits, and is playing an increasingly important role in healthcare, the economy, and comprehensive national strength. In this paper, the research layout of the Center of Medical Artificial Intelligence and Robotics of the Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences was introduced in the field of biomedical engineering, including sound, light and electricity. The achievements in various fields under this framework were also introduced, and the development prospects and future vision of the Center in biomedical engineering were analyzed.

17.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 557-560, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988640

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the efficacy and safety of dabigatran etexilate in the treatment of elderly patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), so as to provide reference for clinical treatment and rational drug use. Methods Eighty elderly patients with NVAF in The Seventh People's Hospital of Shanghai from December 2020 to June 2021, aged 65 to 80 years, were enrolled in a self-controlled study. Dabigatran etexilate 110 mg was given orally, twice a day (one in the morning and one in the evening) for 6 months. During the follow-up visit, the coagulation function indexes including APTT, TT, FIB and D-D were observed in patients taking medicine for 1 month and 6 months. Liver function indexes including ALT, AST and TBIL, renal function indicators including UREA and eGFR, and blood routine indexes including HGB and ESR, also were observed in patients taking medicine for 1 month and 6 months. Results Patients were compared at 1 month and 6 months after treatment with dabigatran and before: the difference of coagulation function indexes as APTT and TT was statistically significant (P<0.05);There was no significant difference in liver function index, renal function index and blood routine index (P>0.05); A total of 25 adverse events occurred, and the incidence rate of adverse reactions was 31.25%, there was no adverse events such as serious hemorrhage,life threatening and organ failure hemorrhage occurred.Conclusion Dabigatran has good efficacy and safety in the treatment of the elderly NVAF.

18.
Journal of Tradition Chinese Medicine ; (24): 1754-1758, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987107

ABSTRACT

@#The experience of famous and veteran physicians in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a supplement to the cognition of industry groups and a high-quality learning resource. Digital inheritance of the experience of famous and veteran TCM physicians refers to the use of digital technology to record, organize, protect, spread, share and innovate the knowledge, skills and experiences of famous and veteran TCM physicians, which helps to overcome the inefficiency of traditional experience inheritance and realize the inheritance and development of TCM culture. Digital inheritance has certain advantages in accessibility, loss resistance, accuracy, innovation ability and effectiveness, which can assist the digital preservation, analysis and excavation of the experience of famous and veteran TCM physicians, and is an important supplement to the traditional way of learning from teachers. Digital inheritance is usually divided into the following steps: building a database of TCM knowledge, building a database of experienced medical records of famous and veteran TCM physicians, discovering laws by data mining, and assisting clinical decision-making with machine learning. The digital inheritance of famous and veteran TCM physicians is not only the use of experience information, but also the process of innovation and productization based on experience, which may become a new service model of TCM diagnosis and treatment.

19.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1035-1040, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987019

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the problems in clinical radiotherapy planning for cervical cancer through quantitative evaluation of the radiotherapy plans to improve the quality of the plans and the radiotherapy process.@*METHODS@#We selected the clinically approved and administered radiotherapy plans for 227 cervical cancer patients undergoing external radiotherapy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from May, 2019 to January, 2022. These plans were transferred from the treatment planning system to the Plan IQTM workstation. The plan quality metrics were determined based on the guidelines of ICRU83 report, the GEC-ESTRO Working Group, and the clinical requirements of our center and were approved by a senior clinician. The problems in the radiotherapy plans were summarized and documented, and those with low scores were re-planned and the differences were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#We identified several problems in the 277 plans by quantitative evaluation. Inappropriate target volume selection (with scores < 60) in terms of GTV, PGTV (CI) and PGTV (V66 Gy) was found in 10.6%, 65.2%, and 1% of the plans, respectively; and the PGTV (CI), GTV, and PCTV (D98%, HI) had a score of 0 in 0.4%, 10.1%, 0.4%, 0.4% of the plans, respectively. The problems in the organs at risk (OARs) involved mainly the intestines (the rectum, small intestine, and colon), found in 20.7% of the plans, and in occasional cases, the rectum, small intestine, colon, kidney, and the femoral head had a score of 0. Senior planners showed significantly better performance than junior planners in PGTV (V60 Gy, D98%), PCTV (CI), and CTV (D98%) (P≤0.046) especially in terms of spinal cord and small intestine protection (P≤0.034). The bowel (the rectum, small intestine and colon) dose was significantly lower in the prone plans than supine plans (P < 0.05), and targets coverage all met clinical requirements. Twenty radiotherapy plans with low scores were selected for re-planning. The re-planned plans had significantly higher GTV (Dmin) and PTV (V45 Gy, D98%) (P < 0.05) with significantly reduced doses of the small intestines (V40 Gy vs V30 Gy), the colon (V40 Gy vs V30 Gy), and the bladder (D35%) (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Quantitative evaluation of the radiotherapy plans can not only improve the quality of radiotherapy plan, but also facilitate risk management of the radiotherapy process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Rectum , Colon , Kidney , Organs at Risk
20.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 308-314, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986853

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological features of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN).@*METHODS@#A total of 13 cases of BPDCN diagnosed in Peking University First Hospital from January 2013 to March 2022 were collected. The clinical features, histopathological characteristics, immunophenotypes and prognosis of the patients were analyzed retrospectively, and the related literatures was reviewed as well.@*RESULTS@#Among the 13 patients, 11 were male and 2 were female, with a median age of 62 years (ranging from 5 to 78 years). Among them, single organ involvement occurred in 5 cases, all of which presented with skin lesions. Two or more organs were involved in other 8 cases (single organ with bone marrow involved in 3 cases; skin, bone marrow and lymph node involved simultaneously in 3 cases; skin, bone marrow, lymph node and spleen involved simultaneously in 2 cases). Histopathologically, it was characterized by the proliferation of medium to large atypical blastic cells, which infiltrated the whole thickness of dermis. When involved, the bone marrow lesions mainly appeared in a diffuse pattern, while the lymph node structure was usually destroyed, and the red pulp of the affected spleen was diffusely invaded. Immunohistochemical staining showed that all the 13 cases were positive for CD4, CD56, and CD123 (13/13) in varying degrees. All the 9 cases expressed TCL1 (9/9). Variable expression of CD68 (KP1) (8/13), TdT (7/12), CD117 (2/6), and high Ki-67 proliferation index (40%~80%) were showed. The neoplastic cells lacked expressions of CD20, CD3, MPO, CD34, or CD30; EBER in situ hybridization were negative (0/9). After definite diagnosis, 6 cases received chemotherapy, among which 1 received adjuvant radiotherapy, and 2 received subsequent bone marrow transplantation. Another 2 cases only received maintenance treatment. The median follow-up time was 14 months (ranging from 6 to 36 months), 5 patients died of the disease (6 to 18 months), 3 patients survived (7 to 36 months up to now), and the remaining 5 patients lost follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#BPDCN is a rare type of malignant lymphohematopoietic tumor with aggressive behavior and poor prognosis. The diagnosis should be made combining clinical features, histopathology, and immunohistochemical phenotype. Attention should be paid to differentiating BPDCN from other neoplasms with blastoid morphology or CD4+CD56+ tumors.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Hematologic Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , Dendritic Cells , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Skin/pathology
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