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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906260

ABSTRACT

Based on theory of "paired relationship between the heart and the small intestine" in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), heart disease can affect the small intestine, and intestinal diseases can also affect the heart. The heart controls mental activities, so if the secretions function of small intestine is impaired, it will hinder the mind of the mind. Modern medicine has found that intestinal flora is closely related to cognitive function, which is consistent with the "paired relationship between heart and small intestine" in TCM. Diabetes cognitive impairment (DCI) is a category of "diabetes dementia" in TCM. According to TCM, the imbalance of spleen and stomach is the starting factor of diabetes dementia, and the phlegm turbidity of spleen deficiency is the pathological product of diabetes dementia. Previous projects have proved that intestinal flora disturbance is the modern pathological basis of spleen and stomach imbalance in TCM, suggesting that restoring spleen and stomach function to adjust intestinal microbial homeostasis is helpful for the prevention and treatment of diabetes dementia. At present, many achievements have been made in the study of the mutual causality between diabetes and intestinal flora disorder. In recent years, the incidence of DCI has increased rapidly, and the pathogenesis is complex and unclear, which increases the difficulty of treatment. Therefore, finding new targets should not be ignored. Given the complex connections among intestinal flora, diabetes and cognitive impairment, it is particularly important to tease out the relationship among the three. Based on previous scientific research, the author analyzed layer by layer and found that intestinal flora can not only affect the synthesis of neurotransmitters in the brain, but also participate in the common pathogenesis of diabetes and cognitive impairment such as chronic inflammation, insulin resistance and blood glucose rise, with a typical target effect. The pathogenic mechanism of intestinal flora in DCI was summarized in order to establish a new target and direction for the treatment, and to explore the scientific connotation of TCM in regulating spleen and stomach for treatment of diabetes dementia.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906101

ABSTRACT

Cancer is a threat to human health. New treatments for cancer can significantly prolong the survival time of patients, but fail to improve the adverse reactions induced by chemoradiotherapy. Improving patient outcomes still requires the effort of cancer researchers. In recent years, the anti-tumor effects of active components from Chinese herbs have received wide attention. Kaempferol, a flavonoid mainly found in the medicinal plant Kaempferia galanga, can be used to treat obesity, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and other diseases. It has also exhibited good efficacy in inhibiting the occurrence and development of liver cancer, colon cancer, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, and other malignant tumors. Kaempferol mainly exerts the anti-cancer effect by inducing apoptosis. Specifically, it promotes the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and triggers cell apoptosis through the mitochondrial pathway. Besides, it is capable of interfering with the cancer cell cycle, causing most cancer cells to arrest in the G2/M phase, and inducing cell autophagy, a programmed cell death, thus inhibiting cell migration and invasion and angiogenesis, synergistically improving chemotherapeutic drug efficacy, and reducing adverse effects. Kaempferol acts on a series of intracellular and extracellular targets to participate in the regulation of tumor cell signaling pathways, involving phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK), and Wnt signaling pathways, with the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway being most significant. In addition, kaempferol also plays an important regulatory role in tumor epigenetics. This paper reviewed the anti-tumor effect and mechanism of kaempferol, aiming to provide reference for in-depth study on its prevention and treatment of tumor and the development of new anti-tumor drugs.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883229

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of preoperative red blood cell distribution width (RDW) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 1 025 HCC patients who were admitted to three medical centers (586 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, 248 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University and 191 in the Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital) between April 2002 and August 2017 were collected. There were 809 males and 216 females, aged (54±11)years, with a range from 16 to 83 years. The average coefficient of variation of RDW (RDW-CV) of 1 025 patients was 14.3%. Of 1 025 patients, 347 cases had high RDW of RDW-CV >14.3%, and 678 had low RDW of RDW-CV ≤14.3%. Observation indicators: (1) clinico-pathological data of HCC patients; (2) influencing factors for prognosis of HCC patients; (3) follow-up and survival. (4) stratified analysis of independent influencing factors. Follow-up was performed by outpatient examination, telephone interview or internet interview to detect postoperative survival of patients up to October 2017. Measurment data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD, and measurment data with skewed distribution were described as M (range). Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. The Graphpad Prism 7.0 was used to draw survival curves, and Log-rank test was used for survival analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using the COX proportional hazard model. Results:(1) Clinicopathological data of HCC patients: cases with age ≤70 years or >70 years, cases without cirhhosis or with cirhhosis , cases of Child-Pugh grade A or Child-Pugh grade B or C, cases with the level of alpha fetoprotein (AFP) ≤200 μg/L or >200 μg/L, cases with single tumor or multiple tumors were 313, 34, 152, 186, 161, 53, 158, 143, 186, 109 for high RDW patients, versus 641, 37, 359, 310, 415, 48, 367, 227, 547, 131 for low RDW patients, respectively, showing significant differences in above indicators between the two groups ( χ2=6.709, 6.787, 23.906, 7.114, 34.375, P<0.05). (2) Influencing factors for prognosis of HCC patients: results of univariate analysis showed that age, Child-Pugh grade, AFP, RDW-CV, tumor diameter, the number of tumors were related factors for prognosis of patients ( hazard ratio=1.388, 1.432, 1.534, 1.455, 2.813, 1.505, 95% confidence interval as 1.004-1.920, 1.086-1.887, 1.263-1.864, 1.211-1.748, 2.293-3.450, 1.173-1.932, P<0.05 ). Results of multivariate analysis showed that age, RDW-CV, tumor diameter and the number of tumors were independent factors for prognosis of patients ( hazard ratio=1.020, 1.340, 2.427, 1.438, 95% confidence interval as 1.007-1.032, 1.027-1.749, 1.801-3.272, 1.057-1.956, P<0.05). (3) Follow-up and survival: 1 025 patients were followed up for 1-124 months, with a median follow-up time of 25 months. The median survival time was 23 months for high RDW patients, versus 44 months for low RDW patients, showing a significant difference in the overall survival between the two groups ( χ2=11.640, P<0.05). (4) Stratified analysis of independent influencing factors: the results of stratified analysis of 3 independent influencing factors including age, tumor diameter and the number of tumors showed that in the 954 patients with age ≤70 years, the median survival time was 25 months for high RDW patients, versus 48 months for low RDW patients, showing a significant difference in the overall survival between the two groups ( χ2=14.030, P<0.05). In the 71 patients with age >70 years, the median survival time was 11 months for high RDW patients, versus 29 months for low RDW patients, showing no significant difference in the overall survival between the two groups ( χ2=0.933, P>0.05). In the 459 patients with tumor diameter ≤5 cm, the median survival time was 44 months for high RDW patients, versus 76 months for low RDW patients, showing a significant difference in the overall survival between the two groups ( χ2=8.660, P<0.05). In the 487 patients with tumor diameter >5 cm, the median survival time was 14 months for high RDW patients, versus 18 months for low RDW patients, showing no significant difference in the overall survival between the two groups ( χ2=2.950, P>0.05). In the 733 patients with single tumor, the median survival time was 20 months for high RDW patients, versus 48 months for low RDW patients, showing a significant difference in the overall survival between the two groups ( χ2=13.530, P<0.05). In the 240 patients with multiple tumors, the median survival time was 15 months for high RDW patients, versus 20 months for low RDW patients, showing a significant difference in the overall survival between the two groups ( χ2=6.820, P<0.05). Conclusions:Preoperative RDW can be used as a predictive index for prognosis of HCC patients, and patients with high RDW have poorer prognosis. RDW have better predictive value in patients with age ≤70 years or tumor diameter ≤5 cm.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882997

ABSTRACT

Objective:To test the reliability and validity of Urban empty-nesters Home Safety Risk Factor Assessment Scale (Uen-HAS), in order to provide an instrument for assessing the safety risk factors of urban empty-nesters.Methods:Totally 530 urban empty-nesters from Fuzhou City, Fujian Province were employed by convenient sampling method for household survey, from August to October 2018. Item analysis and validity and reliability test were conducted.Results:The final version of urban empty nest elderly home safety risk factor assessment scale (Uen-HAS) contains 5 scales, 12 sub-scales and 55 items. The Cronbach α coefficient of the scale was 0.896. The content validity index (S-CVI) of the total scale was 0.881. The correlations of the scores between each item and the total scale ranged from 0.509 to 0.812 with statistical significance ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The scale has good reliability and validity. It could be an instrument to access safety risk factors of urban empty nesters.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 442-455, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881146

ABSTRACT

Although different types of drugs are available for postmenopausal osteoporosis, the limitations of the current therapies including drug resistances and adverse effects require identification of novel anti-osteoporosis agents. Here, we defined that norlichexanthone (NOR), a natural product, is a ligand of estrogen receptor-alpha (ER

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of penetrating moxibustion on migraine without aura (MO) patients.@*METHODS@#Totally 60 MO patients from the Acupuncture Clinic of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Chinese Medicine were collected from November 2015 to February 2017. All patients were assigned to a treatment group and a control group using a random number table, 30 cases in each group. The treatment group was treated with penetrating moxibustion, and the control group was treated with mild moxibustion, thrice a week for 4 consecutive weeks. The total effective rate, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores, headache intensity, and Migraine Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MSQ) scores of patients after treatment were compared between the two groups. The moxibustion sensation and reaction after moxibustion were observed, and the adverse reactions were evaluated. All patients were followed up at 4 and 16 weeks after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate of the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group (93.33% vs. 80.00%, P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Penetrating moxibustion can significantly relieve pain and improve quality of life of MO patients. After penetrating moxibustion, flushing and sweating of patients were obvious, and the curative effect was superior to the mild moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Migraine without Aura/therapy , Moxibustion/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880177

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effect of spleen low molecular weight extracts on epileptics hydrochloride-induced leukopenia in mice and explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#The model of leukopenia in mice was established by the injection of epirubicin hydrochloride (10 mg/kg). After the injection of chemotherapeutic drugs, leukocytopenia mice were treated with different doses of spleen low molecular weight extract, Ganoderma oral solution and recombinant granulocyte colony stimulating factor (rhG-CSF). The general survival status indicators such as body weight, coat color and athletic ability of mice in each group were recorded; the tail vein blood of mice in each group was collected and the white blood cell count in them was calculated; bone marrow of mice was taken and bone marrow smears were observed.@*RESULTS@#In the model group, the weight of the mice gradually decreased in the later period, their coat became dark and rough, and the ability to exercise decreased, while the mice in the treatment groups showed different degrees of improvement in their survival status except for the mice treated by rhG-CSF. There was no significant fluctuation in the white blood cell count of the blank control mice. After injection of epirubicin, the white blood cell count of peripheral blood in the model mice and treated mice were decreased. The white blood cell count was lower in the mice treated with high-dose low molecular weight extract and rhG-CSF than that in other experimental groups. Bone marrow smear showed that the proportion of bone marrow nucleated cells in the mice treated with the low molecular weight extract of the spleen was significantly higher than that of model mice (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The low molecular weight spleen extracts can significantly improve the hematopoietic state of mouse bone marrow, promote the proliferation of inhibited bone marrow cells, and thus has the effect of treating leukopenia in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Epirubicin , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Leukocyte Count , Leukopenia/drug therapy , Mice , Molecular Weight , Plant Extracts , Recombinant Proteins , Spleen
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872879

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen out the active components of Platycodonis Radix-Armeniacae Semen Amarum, predict the targets and signaling pathways, construct the "multi-components, multi-targets and multi-pathways" interaction network and further investigate their molecular mechanism for the treatment of lung carcinoma based on network pharmacology. Method:Active components and corresponding targets of Platycodonis Radix-Armeniacae Semen Amarum were obtained through Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and literature consultation. Therapeutic targeted genes of Platycodonis Radix-Armeniacae Semen Amarum in the treatment of lung carcinoma were obtained from UniProt database and Genecards database. The "components-targets" network was constructed by using Cytoscape 3.6.0 software, and the protein-protein interactions network was constructed by String database and "Generate Style From Statistics" tool in Cytoscape software. Its molecular docking with active components of Platycodonis Radix-Armeniacae Semen Amarum was carried out by using Systems Dock Web Site network server. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis on the therapeutic targets of Platycodonis Radix-Armeniacae Semen Amarum were performed with the Database for Annotation, Visualization Andintegrated Discovery (DAVID). Result:Fourteen active components of Platycodonis Radix-Armeniacae Semen Amarum were screened out, including acacetin, cis-dihydroquercetin, spinasterol, licochalcone B, and luteolin, et al. One hundred and three therapeutic targets were screened out, including nitric oxide synthase 2 (NOS2), prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase 1 (PTGS1), androgen receptor (AR), prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2), and dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4), et al. Identified signaling pathways mainly involved prostate cancer signaling pathway, small cell lung cancer signaling pathway, hepatitis B signaling pathway and T cell receptor signaling pathway. Conclusion:The possible molecular mechanism of Platycodonis Radix-Armeniacae Semen Amarum for the treatment of lung carcinoma was explored in this study based on network pharmacology, providing the direction for subsequent research.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826298

ABSTRACT

In Taiwan, high-risk patients have been identified and tested for preventing community spread of COVID-19. Most sample collection was performed in emergency departments (EDs). Traditional sample collection requires substantial personal protective equipment (PPE), healthcare professionals, sanitation workers, and isolation space. To solve this problem, we established a multifunctional sample collection station (MSCS) for COVID-19 testing in front of our ED. The station is composed of a thick and clear acrylic board (2 cm), which completely separates the patient and medical personnel. Three pairs of gloves (length, 45 cm) are attached and fixed on the outside wall of the MSCS. The gloves are used to conduct sampling of throat/nasal swabs, sputum, and blood from patients. The gap between the board and the building is only 0.2 cm (sealed with silicone sealant). ED personnel communicate with patients using a small two-way broadcast system. Medical waste is put in specific trashcans installed in the table outside the MSCS. With full physical protection, the personnel conducting the sampling procedure need to wear only their N95 mask and gloves. After we activated the station, our PPE, sampling time, and sanitization resources were considerably conserved during the 4-week observation period. The MSCS obviously saved time and PPE. It elevated the efficiency and capacity of the ED for handling potential community infections of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Mass Screening , Methods , Pandemics , Personal Protective Equipment , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Taiwan , Epidemiology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865075

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the cure rate of critically ill patients in Wuhan epidemic area and reduce the fatality rate, the state have dispatched medical staffs from the whole country to support Wuhan and treat critically ill patients in dedicated facilities. A medical team from the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, consisting of 133 medical staffs major in critical care medicine, respiralogy, infection, cardiology, and general surgery, entirely took over the critical care unit of the East Hospital of the Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, and formed a multidisciplinary collaboration team with local medical staffs to treat patients together. Up to March 13th in 2020, the author′s medical team has admitted a total of 109 patients, of which 48 had been discharged up on recovery. Critically ill patients with Corona Virus Disease 2019 mainly have elder age, comorbidities, complicated conditions, and difficult diagnosis and treatment. The author and the author′s team combined with clinical practice, share experience and strategies of general surgery related issues in the treatment of critically ill patients, providing reference for collegues in general surgery.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2960-2967, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862296

ABSTRACT

The goal of this work was to establish a population pharmacokinetics (PPK) model of tacrolimus in idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) patients and to identify potential covariates that influence pharmacokinetic of tacrolimus. A total of 610 data points on the blood concentration of tacrolimus were collected from 96 IMN patients in routine clinical settings. Nonlinear mixed-effect modeling (NONMEM) was used to investigate the effects of CYP3A5 genotype, age, gender, weight, laboratory tests and co-therapy medications on the pharmacokinetic of tacrolimus. The PPK model was evaluated by the goodness-of-fit (GOT), bootstrap and prediction corrected visual predictive check (pc-VPC). The pharmacokinetic of tacrolimus was described by a one-compartment model. The apparent clearance (CL/F) of CYP3A5*1/*3 and *1/*1 were 1.57 and 1.86 times of that of *3/*3, respectively. The CL/F of tacrolimus was 73.6% in patients undergoing co-therapy with Wuzhi capsules, and 1.2 times than that of the patients undergoing co-therapy with Jinshuibao capsules. The evaluation of the model shows that the model is stable and has satisfactory predictive performance. The clinical trial was approved by the Society of Ethics and conducted in Binzhou Medical University Hospital. The established PPK model can describe the pharmacokinetic characteristics of tacrolimus in Chinese patients with IMN, and can facilitate individualized therapy with tacrolimus.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect on the joint attention and social communication in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) between the combined treatment of acupoint catgut embedding therapy with rehabilitation training and the simple application of rehabilitation training.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 children with ASD were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. In the control group, the routine ASD rehabilitation training was adopted, including conductive education, speech training and music therapy, once a day. In the observation group, on the base of the treatment as the control group, the catgut embedding therapy was applied to Shenting (GV 24), Baihui (GV 20), Shenmen (HT 7) and the optic area (the point of scalp acupuncture), once a week. In the two groups, the treatment for 4 weeks was as one course, at the interval of 1 week between the courses. A total of 3 courses of treatment were required. The social domain of the autism treatment evaluation checklist (ATEC) and the autism behavior checklist (ABC) were adopted to assess the therapeutic effect of the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of each item of the social domain in ATEC and the scores of ABC (feeling, communication, physical movement, language and healthy behavior) were all lower than those before treatment in the two groups (<0.01). The scores of each item in the observation group were lower than those in the control group after treatment (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The combined treatment of acupoint catgut embedding therapy with the rehabilitation training effectively improves in the joint attention and social communication. The therapeutic effect of this combined treatment is better than the simple application of rehabilitation training.

13.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 714-718, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754042

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) receiving percutaneous drainage (PCD). Methods Clinical data of SAP patients receiving PCD admitted to department of hepatobiliary surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from November 11th 2015 to May 13th 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into CRRT group and control group according to whether or not receiving CRRT. Demographic data, relevant variables before and after PCD, complication and outcome were all compared. Results A total of 75 patients were included in the study, 30 were treated with application of CRRT and 45 without CRRT. ① There was no significant difference in gender, age, body mass index (BMI), medical history (smoking, drinking), complications (cardiovascular disease, chronic lung disease, diabetes, chronic renal insufficiency), etiology (gallstone, alcohol abuse, hyperlipidemia and others), or white blood cell count (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), serum procalcitonin (PCT), fluid resuscitation, mechanical ventilation, vasoactive agent or intra-abdominal pressure within 48 hours after admission between the two groups. However, acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ(APACHEⅡ) score within 48 hours after admission of CRRT group was significantly higher than that of control group (18.3±4.5 vs. 12.8±6.2, P < 0.05). ② There was no significant difference in WBC, PCT, APACHEⅡ score or computed tomography severity index (CTSI) before PCD between the two groups. There was no significant difference in the position or times of PCD procedure between the two groups, but the time interval of PCD in the CRRT group was significantly longer than that in the control group (days: 19.4±5.4 vs. 12.8±2.2, P < 0.05). Meanwhile, there was no significant difference in drainage of fluid properties, incidence of abdominal bleeding, infection, gastrointestinal fistula, endoscopic removal of necrotic tissue, laparotomy for removal of necrotic tissue or the time from PCD to endoscopy or laparotomy between two groups. However, the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay and the length of hospital stay in the CRRT group were significantly longer than those in the control group (days: 23.2±8.5 vs. 15.3±12.1, 51.2±21.2 vs. 31.2±14.0, both P < 0.01). ③ Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that there was no significant differences in 1-year or 3-year cumulative survival rates between the two groups (χ21 = 0.097, P1 = 0.755; χ22 = 0.013, P2 = 0.908). Conclusions CRRT is safe and feasible in the treatment of SAP patients receiving PCD procedure. It does not increase the risk of bleeding and may delay the time interval of PCD intervention. However, it may prolong the length of ICU stay and the length of hospital stay. It should be worthy of much attention for clinicians.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753116

ABSTRACT

Objective :To study sympathetic activity in aged patients with essential hypertension (EH) complicated left ven-tricular hypertrophy (LVH).Methods : A total of 248 aged EH patients were selected from our hospital from Jun 2015 to Jun 2017- According to blood pressure level ,they were divided into EH stage 1 group (n=78) ,stage 2 group (n=89) and stage 3 group (n=81).According to presence of LVH ,patients were divided into no LVH group (n=122) and complicat-ed LVH group (n=126).According to blood pressure level ,LVH patients were divided into stage 1 group (n=28) ,stage 2 group (n=41) and stage 3 group (n=57).Another 130 healthy aged people undergoing physical examination were regar-ded as normal aged group .Plasma norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) contents were measured and compared among all groups ,and 24h DCG was performed.Results :Compared with normal aged group ,there were significant rise in plasma contents of NE [ (238-33 ± 18-04) ng/L vs.(312-90 ± 23-20) ng/L ,(279-28 ± 20-85) ng/L] ,E [ (262-86 ± 24-56) ng/L vs.(366-57 ± 25-53) ng/L ,(301-20 ± 23-80) ng/L] in complicated LVH group and no LVH group ( P=0-001 all) ,and plasma NE and E contents gradually and significantly rose along with blood pressure stage rose , P=0-001 all. Compared with normal aged group ,there was significant rise in mean heart rate [ (64-80 ± 5-40) beats/min vs.(69-02 ± 4-56) beats/min ,(66-72 ± 4-98) beats/min] in complicated LVH group and no LVH group ( P=0-001 ,0-017) ;signif-icant reductions in SDNN [ (122-07 ± 7-73) ms vs.(109-51 ± 8-13) ms ,(99-25 ± 7-89) ms] ,SDANN [ (111-72 ± 13-33) ms vs.(103-52 ± 10-41) ms ,(94-78 ± 8-75) ms] ,rMSSD [ (43-98 ± 6-31) ms vs.(37-25 ± 6-42) ms ,(32-05 ± 5-19) ms] and PNN50 [ (7-67 ± 0-71)% vs.(5-41 ± 0-67)%,(3-39 ± 0-63)%] in no LVH group and complicated LVH group , P=0-001 all ,above indexes gradually and significantly reduced along with blood pressure stage rose , P=0-001 all.Conclusion :Sympathetic activity significantly elevates in aged EH + LVH patients.Controlling sympathetic ac-tivity will help to improve prognosis .

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 409-413, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719740

ABSTRACT

@#Alport syndrome(AS)is a genetic disease characterized by abnormal basement membrane structure of the kidneys, ears and eyes. The incidence of the disease is 1:5000 approximately. The report on ocular manifestations is relatively scarce, however, it is of great value to diagnosis of the disease. The ocular tissue histopathological analysis provides an effective method to uncover the pathological mechanisms of AS. Besides, it is good for understanding and treatment of AS.

16.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 74-2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780408

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of perioperative treatment of lung transplantation for end-stage lung disease. Methods Perioperative clinical data of 7 recipients undergoing lung transplantation were retrospectively analyzed, including 3 cases with bilateral lung transplantation and 4 cases with unilateral lung transplantation. The perioperative status and clinical prognosis of lung transplantation recipients were observed. Results The operation time of 7 lung transplantation recipients was (344±133) min. Cold ischemia time was (236±74) min in 4 cases of single-lung transplantation and (480±120) min in 3 cases of bilateral-lung transplantation. The length of Intensive care unit(ICU) stay was 21 (13-25) d and the length of hospital stay was 101 (64-117) d. In the first 3 d after surgery, the daily fluid output was significantly larger than the fluid input (all P < 0.05). The arterial oxygen partial pressure (PaO2) of lung transplantation recipients in the first 3 d after surgery was significantly elevated than preoperative level (all P < 0.05), whereas the arterial carbon dioxide pressure (PaCO2) did not significantly change (all P > 0.05). All recipients had pulmonary bacterial infection after lung transplantation, including 3 cases complicated with fungal infection. One recipient underwent exploratory thoracotomy for hemostasis due to active thoracic bleeding after operation, 1 recipient suffered from primary graft dysfunction (PGD) and 4 recipients received secondary endotracheal intubation. Two cases died after operation, 1 case died of septicemia caused by multidrug-resistant acinetobacter baumannii, the other case died of rejection reaction after self-terminating use of immunosuppressive agents. The remaining 5 cases were successfully discharged and recovered well. The longest survival period was 3.1 years. Conclusions In the perioperative management of lung transplantation, it has great significance to hold the surgical indications, monitor and manage postoperative refined fluid and hemodynamics, implement the strategy of protective pulmonary ventilation, and early diagnose and treat severe postoperative complications for the recipients of lung transplantation to safety through the perioperative period.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776906

ABSTRACT

Antrodia camphorata, a well-known and highly valued edible medicinal mushroom with intriguing activities like liver protection, has been traditionally used for the treatment of alcoholic liver disease. A. camphorata shows highly medicinal and commercial values with the demand far exceeds the available supply. Thus, the petri-dish cultured A. camphorata (PDCA) is expected to develope as a substitute. In this paper, nineteen triterpenes were isolated from PDCA, and thirteen of them were the unique anthroic acids in A. camphorata, including the main content antcin K, which suggested that PDCA produced a large array of the same anthroic acids as the wild one. Furthermore, no obvious acute toxicity was found suggesting the edible safety of PDCA. In mice alcohol-induced liver injury model, triglyceride (TG), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and malondialdehyde (MDA) had been reduced by the PDCA powder as well as the main content antcin K, which indicated that the PDCA could protect alcoholic liver injury in mice model and antcin K could be the effective component responsible for the hepatoprotective activities of PDCA against alcoholic liver diseases.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase , Blood , Animals , Antrodia , Chemistry , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Biological Products , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Cholestenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Cholesterol, VLDL , Blood , Disease Models, Animal , Ethanol , Toxicity , Female , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Chemistry , Liver , Metabolism , Pathology , Liver Diseases, Alcoholic , Male , Malondialdehyde , Blood , Mice , Molecular Structure , Triglycerides , Blood , Triterpenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses
18.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 419-424, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776486

ABSTRACT

The complex spatial and temporal organization of neural activity in the brain is important for information-processing that guides behavior. Hence, revealing the real-time neural dynamics in freely-moving animals is fundamental to elucidating brain function. Miniature fluorescence microscopes have been developed to fulfil this requirement. With the help of GRadient INdex (GRIN) lenses that relay optical images from deep brain regions to the surface, investigators can visualize neural activity during behavioral tasks in freely-moving animals. However, the application of GRIN lenses to deep brain imaging is severely limited by their availability. Here, we describe a protocol for GRIN lens coating that ensures successful long-term intravital imaging with commercially-available GRIN lenses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biocompatible Materials , Brain , Physiology , Hippocampus , Cell Biology , Lenses , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Transgenic , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Methods , Neuroimaging , Methods , Neurons , Physiology
19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1531-1534, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824238

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of oXiris hemofilter for septic shock patients. Methods Clinical data of septic shock patients receiving continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) with oXiris hemofilter in department of surgical intensive care unit (SICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from March 1st, 2018 to July 20th, 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2), lactate (Lac), platelet count (PLT), serum procalcitonin (PCT), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP), noradrenaline (NE) dosage, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHEⅡ) and sequential organ failure score (SOFA) were compared before and after oXiris treatment and the prognosis were also analyzed. Results Six patients with septic shock were included [5 males, the average age was (56.3±11.8) years old]. A total of 13 oXiris hemofilter sets were performed during treatment. Compared with before treatment, the HR, IL-6 and CRP levels were significantly decreased after treatment [HR (bpm): 93.8±9.7 vs. 133.5± 18.3, IL-6 (ng/L): 509.2±169.6 vs. 3739.8±618.2, CRP (mg/L): 169.1±148.3 vs. 277.8±68.7, all P < 0.05], MAP, PaO2/FiO2 and PLT were significantly increased [MAP (mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 73.3±2.2 vs. 63.3±1.6, PaO2/FiO2 (mmHg): 166.8±40.4 vs. 95.1±56.2, PLT (×109/L): 73.3±27.5 vs. 41.2±21.4, all P < 0.05]; meanwhile, NE dosage, APACHEⅡ and SOFA scores were significantly decreased [NE (μg·kg-1·min-1): 0.4±0.3 vs. 1.2±0.7, APACHEⅡ:18.8±6.9 vs. 30.0±7.3, SOFA: 11.7±4.2 vs. 17.3±2.1, all P < 0.05]. Although Lac and PCT decreased after treatment, there was no significant difference [Lac (mmol/L): 3.5±2.1 vs. 6.1±3.2, PCT (μg/L): 37.7±48.3 vs. 85.1±32.8, both P > 0.05]. At the end, 3 of the 6 patients survived and the others were discharged again medical advice. The length of SICU stay was 3 to 23 days, with an average of (13.0±8.5) days. No adverse events occurred during the treatment. Conclusion oXiris hemofilter can effectively remove inflammatory mediators in circulation, significantly improve hemodynamic status and severity, and may be considered as a safe and reliable treatment modality for septic shock patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817714

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between serum complement C3,C4 and low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL- C)levels and early- onset coronary heart disease.【Methods】We enrolled 255 cases of coronary angiography confirmed coronary artery disease from January 2018 to September 2018. All the patients were divided into early- onset coronary heart disease group(108 cases)and late- onset coronary heart disease group(147 cases). Besides ,100 healthy subjects were enrolled and used as controls. Serum levels of C3 ,C4 and LDL-C were analyzed by automatic biochemical analyzer.【Results】Levels of serum C3,C4 and LDL-C in early-onset coronary heart disease group,late-onset coronary heart disease group and healthy control group were significantly different(P < 0.05). In early-onset coronary heart disease group,C3 and C4 were positively correlated with LDL-C(P < 0.05). However ,there was no significant correlation (P > 0.05) between C3 ,C4 and LDL- C in late- onset coronary heart disease group and healthy control group.【Conclusions】The levels of C3 and C4 were positively correlated with LDL-C only in the early-onset coronary heart disease patients.

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