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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 167-175, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012706

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the effects of new integration processing method in producing area and traditional method on the composition and pharmacological action of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata(PMRP), and to illustrate the advantages of toxicity reducing and efficacy enhancing of the decoction pieces prepared by the new method. MethodFresh Polygoni Multiflori Radix(PMR) was taken from Dao-di producing area, and was processed by new integration processing method in producing area(steaming with black bean juice under pressure of 0.1 MPa and temperature at 120 ℃ for 10.5 h) and traditional method(steaming with black bean juice under water for 36 h), respectively. Samples were collected during the processing process of the two methods, For new method, the samples were collected at 0.5, 3, 5.5, 8, 10.5 h, separately. For traditional method, the samples were collected every 4 h. High performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) was used to establish fingerprint and identify common peaks, the content of polysaccharides was determined by anthrone-sulfuric acid colorimetry at 627 nm, and the contents of anthraquinones and stilbene glycosides in different processed products were determined according to the methods under the item of determination of PMR and PMRP in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. In pharmacological experiments, 90 SD rats were randomly divided into 9 groups with 10 in each group(half of male and half of female), including the blank group, and raw products, 24 h processed products under atmospheric pressure, 30 h processed products under atmospheric pressure, 8 h processed products under high pressure groups with low and high dosages(4.125, 16.5 g·kg-1). Rats were given the drug by gavage for 29 d with once a day, blood was collected from the abdominal aorta after the last administration, and the serum was isolated, the body mass and liver mass of rats were weighed and the organ index was calculated. The pathological change of liver tissue was observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, and biochemical methods were used to detect the contents of aspartate aminotransferase(AST), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), alkaline phosphatase(ALP), γ-glutamyltransferase(GGT), lactic dehydrogenase(LDH) in serum which used as liver function indicators and the levels of superoxide dismutase(SOD), malondialdehyde(MDA), glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px) in brain tissues which used as oxidation indicators. ResultA total of 14 common peaks were identified in the fingerprint of PMR, PMRP prepared by new method and traditional method, and three of the peaks were designated as stilbene glycoside, emodin and emodin methyl ether, respectively. The characteristic peak areas of each processed products changed significantly from 0 min to 25 min, indicating that different processing methods had an effect on the contents of components with high polarity in PMRP, and the trend of the changes of the two methods was similar, with the higher degree of change in the new method. The determination results showed that compared with the traditional method, the content of polysaccharide(a kind of beneficial component in PMRP obtained by the new method) significantly increased, while the contents of stilbene glycoside and bound anthraquinone(liver-damaging ingredients) significantly decreased. The pharmacological results showed that compared with the blank group, AST and LDH levels of male rats in the low and high dose groups of 24 h processed products under atmospheric pressure and AST level of male rats in the low and high dose groups of 8 h processed products under high pressure were significantly reduced(P<0.05, P<0.01), while compared with the raw product groups with the same dose, AST and LDH levels of male rats in the low dose group of 30 h processed products under atmospheric pressure were significantly reduced(P<0.05, P<0.01), the AST levels of male rats in the low and high dose groups of 8 h processed products under high pressure were significantly decreased(P<0.01), and there was no statistical significance in the differences of biochemical indexes of female rats in each administration group as compared with those of the blank group. ConclusionThe new integration processing method in producing area of PMRP can reach the quality of relevant regulations in 8 h. The processed products obtained by this method have more advantages than the traditional method in terms of toxicity reducing and efficacy enhancing, and energy saving to avoid the loss of ingredients, which can provide ideas for the production of high-quality decoction pieces of PMRP, and the integration processing method in producing area of other roots and rhizomes of traditional Chinese medicines.

2.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 101-107, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992920

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and treatment of Beh?et′s disease complicated with cardiac valve involvement.Methods:We searched the wanfang medical database and Medline database to reviewed the domestic and foreign literature reports on cardiac Beh?et′s disease and analyzed their clinical features and therapeutic strategies. Chi-squared test was used for data analysis.Results:It was shown that Beh?et′s disease with cardiac valve involvement mainly affect men. The male to female ratio was 3.86∶1 in China and 2.50∶1 in foreign patients( χ2=1.32, P=0.251). The preoperative diagnosis rate was not high(60.3% in China, 57.1% abroad) ( χ2=0.13, P=0.716). Aortic valve and perivalvular lesions were the most common involved sites, of which aortic regurgitation was the most frequenty occurred, followed by mitral valve lesions. Glucocorticoids was still the main means treatment for medical(93/235 in China, 28/420 abroad), cyclophosphamide was more widely used in China(28/235), azathioprine was more widely used in foreign countries (12/42). Aortic replacement (AVR) was the mainly surgical approach, followed by artificial aortic valve replacement and left ventricular outflow tract plasty (Bentall).The incidence of postoperative perivalvular leakage or valve prolapse was higher with AVR than with Bentall(AVR 76.3%/Bentall 21.8% at home, χ2=32.60, P<0.001, AVR 71.4%/Bentall 0 abroad, χ2=13.84, P<0.001). Conclusions:Cardiac valve involvement is a severe complication of Beh?et′s disease. Heart involvement are more common, and the preoperative diagnosis rate is lower in China. The incidence of perivalve leakage (PVL) or valve prolapse (PD) after operation is higher with AVR than with Bentall surgery.The Bentall operation could improve prognosis and the postoperative complications abroad are lower than domestic.

3.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 406-411, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992846

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of multiparametric ultrasonography consisting of gray-scale ultrasound(US), color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI), real-time strain elastography(RTE), and contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS) in the differential diagnosis of testicular lesions.Methods:Forty patients (40 lesions) detected by ultrasonography examination at the Ultrasound Medical Center of Lanzhou University Second Hospital from June 2020 to June 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, and further the CDFI, CEUS and RTE were performed. The presence of vascularization in the lesion was determined by CDFI and CEUS, avascular lesions were defined as benign, vascularization lesions were defined as malignant. The lesion tissue elasticity was assessed by real-time strain elastography, tissue stiffness was encoded as red(soft), green(intermediate), and blue(hard), and the hard lesions were defined as malignant, soft lesions were defined as benign. All lesions were subjected to pathological histologic examination after surgical resection or puncture biopsy as a reference standard. The correct classification rate, sensitivity, specificity and likelihood ratio of the multiparametric ultrasonography imaging for the diagnosis of benign and malignant testicular lesions were analyzed by ROC.Results:Of 40 testicular lesions, 24 (60.0%) were benign and 16 (40.0%) were malignant. The sensitivity of CDFI, CEUS and RTE in the diagnosis of testicular lesions was 0.875, 1.000 and 1.000, and the specificity was 0.833, 0.750 and 0.708, respectively. The correct classification rate was 85.0%, 85.0% and 82.5%, and the positive likelihood ratio was 5.24, 4.00 and 4.42, respectively. AUC was 0.781, 0.802, 0.771, respectively. By combining RTE and CDFI, a sensitivity of 1.000 and specificity of 0.875 and correct classification rate of 92.8% and positive likelihood ratio of 8.00 and AUC of 0.915 ( P<0.001) were achieved in differentiating testicular lesions. And combining RTE and CEUS, achieved sensitivity of 1.000 and specificity of 0.917 and correct classification rate of 95.0% and positive likelihood ratio of 12.0 and AUC of 0.958( P<0.001). Conclusions:Multiparametric US is of great value in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant testicular lesions.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 679-684, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991388

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct the evaluation index system of "early clinical contact" education of undergraduate medical students, and to provide guidance for the evaluation of "early clinical contact" education in medical teaching.Methods:The evaluation index system of "early clinical contact" education of undergraduate medical students was constructed by literature research, Delphi expert consultation and analytic hierarchy process, and the weight of each index was determined. Excel 2010 and SPSS 25.0 were used to make data entry and statistical analysis.Results:The enthusiasm of experts in the two rounds of expert consultation were 100.00%(26/26) and 96.15%(25/26) respectively, the expert authority coefficients were 0.900 and 0.920, and the coordination coefficients were 0.255 and 0.175 respectively ( P < 0.05). The evaluation index system included 4 first-class indexes, 12 second-class indexes and 47 third-class indexes. Conclusion:The index system has high scientificity and reliability. After further verification, it can be used as an evaluation tool for the teaching quality of "early clinical contact" education of undergraduate medical students.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 384-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991326

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of early clinical clerkship training in the early exposure to clinical practice of eight-year program medical students.Methods:Experimental control method was used in this study. A total of 120 eight-year program medical students in the third year of Batch 2014 to 2016 from the Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology were selected as the research objects. The students of each grade were randomly selected by computer and divided into experimental group and control group, with 20 students in each group. Before early clinical exposure, the experimental group received 16 class hours of early clinical clerkship training, while the control group did not receive early clinical clerkship training. After the early clinical exposure, the clinical diagnosis and treatment ability of the two groups of students was compared. SPSS 24.0 software was used for t test. Results:The scores of medical history inquiry of experimental group and control group were [(17.45±1.96) points and (15.95±1.93) points; (18.30±1.03) points and (16.75±1.86) points; (17.95±1.36) points and (16.40±1.60) points, respectively]. The physical examination scores were [(17.75±1.65) points and (16.05±1.64) points; (17.85±1.18) points and (16.80±1.47) points; (18.25±1.16) points and (16.85±1.63) points, respectively]. The clinical judgment scores were [(18.15±1.42) points and (16.35±2.41) points; (18.20±1.24) points and (16.65±1.53) points; (18.35±1.35) points and (16.25±1.83) points, respectively]. Diagnosis and treatment scheme scores were [(17.15±1.57) points and (14.55±2.56) points; (17.30±1.42) points and (15.90±1.48) points; (17.80±1.06) points and (16.35±1.87) points, respectively]. The scores of communication skills were [(17.95±1.15) points and (17.00±1.19) points; (18.55±0.83) points and (17.45±1.50) points; (18.45±1.00) points and (17.45±1.23) points, respectively], with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The application of early clinical clerkship training in the early exposure to clinical practice of eight-year program medical students can improve the quality of students' clerkship.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1991-1995, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990439

ABSTRACT

The high incidence of unplanned readmission of postoperative patients with gynecologic malignancies not only seriously affects the quality of life of patients, but also increases the medical burden. This paper reviews the current situation, common causes, relevant factors and insights of unplanned readmission of postoperative gynecologic malignancy patients, and further explores the unplanned readmission of postoperative gynecologic malignancy patients in China by drawing on existing foreign studies and combining them with the actual situation in China, with the aim of providing a basis for clinical health care professionals to develop targeted intervention plans, so as to effectively reduce the unplanned readmission of postoperative gynecologic malignancy patients.

7.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 620-625, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989679

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the research hotspots and trends in the field of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for cervical cancer at home and abroad in recent 30 years through visualization method.Methods:By setting "cervical cancer" and "TCM" as the research subjects, the articles were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, and Web of Science Core database (WoS) from January 1, 1992 to January 1, 2022. Citespace 5.8 R3 software was used to conduct visual analysis on the authors, institutions and keywords included in the articles.Results:A total of 1 123 Chinese articles and 573 English articles were included. The number of articles issued showed a gradual upward trend; the author with the largest number of Chinese publications was Jin Zhe, and the author with the largest number of English publications was Chen Guo. The institution with the largest number of Chinese publications was Beijing University of Chinese Medicine; the institution with the largest number of English publications was Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Keywords co-occurrence of the top 3 Chinese keywords in the network frequency (excluding the search words) were "cervical erosion", "urinary retention" and "Yunnan Baiyao"; English keywords were "HeLa cell", "bibliometric", and "information monitoring system". Chinese keywords formed 11 clusters and 25 emergent words; English keywords formed 9 clusters and 17 emergent words.Conclusions:The research content in the field of TCM of cervical cancer about knowledge map in the past 30 years at home and abroad is rich. TCM can play the role of antagonizing human papillomavirus, enhancing immune function, regulating TCM constitution, improving quality of life and so on. At present, the research hotspot is the mechanism exploration of cervical cancer and the curative effect research of clinical complications, and the research trend is clinical curative effect research.

8.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 356-362, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989638

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the rule of acupoint selection for acupuncture in relieving postoperative pain based on data mining technology.Methods:Articles about acupuncture for postoperative pain were retrieved from CNKI, SinoMed, VIP, Wanfang, PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases from establishment to June 6, 2022. Excel 2019 and SPSS Modeler 18.0 software were used to establish acupoints database and conduct the data analysis.Results:Totally 308 articles were obtained, involving 317 acupuncture prescriptions and 173 acupoints. Acupoints of bladder meridian, stomach meridian, large intestine meridian and spleen meridian were used frequently. Zusanli (ST 36), Hegu (LI 4) and Neiguan (PC 6) were high-frequency acupoints with a frequency of ≥50 times. Five-shu acupoint was often selected in specific acupoints. The common sites for acupuncture to relieve postoperative pain were abdomen, perianal, lumbar back and knee. Zusanli (ST 36), Neiguan (PC 6) and other acupoints were commonly used for abdominal postoperative pain, and the most commonly used combination was "Zusanli (ST 36)-Neiguan (PC 6)"; Chengshan (BL 57), Changqiang (GV 1) and other acupoints were often used for perianal postoperative pain, and "Chengshan (BL 57)-Changqiang (GV 1)" was highly correlated combination; Shenshu (BL 23) and Huantiao (GB 30) were commonly used for postoperative pain in the lumbar and back region, and acupoints with high correlation were "Ashi acupoint-Huantiao (GB 30)" and "Shenshu (BL 23)-Huantiao (GB 30)"; Xuehai (SP10) and Liangqiu (ST 34) were commonly used for postoperative pain of knee, and their compatibility had a high correlation.Conclusion:Acupuncture therapy for relieving postoperative pain often selects Yang meridians acupoints, and follows the principle of distal-proximal points combination and acupoint selection along meridians, and pays attention to the use of specific acupoints.

9.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1253-1258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006482

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a rat model of hyperuricemia (HUA), to study the effect of Liqing granules on lowering serum uric acid, and to evaluate its safety . MethodsMale SD rats were randomly divided into solvent control group and model group according to their body weight. For the model group, serum uric acid (SUA) was determined after 7 days of intra-gastric administration of potassium oxyazinate. The model group were randomly divided into model control group, positive control group, and low, medium, high dose group based on SUA level. Each group from the model group continued to receive potassium oxyazinate in the morning. The animals in the model groups received 0.5% CMC-Na, 10 mg·kg-1 benzbromarone (Doses by body weight) and Liqing granules 0.6, 1.2, 2.4 g·kg-1 (Doses by body weight), respectively in the afternoon. 0.5% CMC-Na suspension with the same volume was given both in the morning and afternoon for the solvent control group. Levels of SUA, creatinine (CREA), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) were determined after 32 and 45 days administration of the test substance. ResultsSUA of the model group was (218±23) μmol·L-1 after 7 days of modeling, which was significantly higher than that of the solvent control group (P<0.001). After 32 days administration of the test substance, SUA didn’t significantly decrease in each dose group (P>0.05). CREA in the medium and high dose groups significantly decreased (P<0.05). After 45 days administration of the test substance, SUA in each dose group was significantly decreased (P<0.001), but CREA, ALT, and AST were not significantly different in each dose group in comparison with the model control group (P>0.05). ConclusionLiqing granules can assist in lowering blood serum uric acid in the rat HUA model, and no damage to liver and kidney function is found.

10.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1260-1265, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005590

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To explore the relationship between the moral courage of nurses in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and the hospital ethical climate, and to provide a theoretical basis for enhancing the moral courage of ICU nurses. 【Methods:】 A total of 468 ICU nurses from 8 tertiary A hospitals in Shaanxi Province were selected as the subjects by convenience sampling method, and the General Information Form, Hospital Ethical Climate Survey, and Nurses’ Moral Courage Scale were used for the questionnaire survey. 【Results:】 A total of 468 questionnaires were distributed and 463 valid questionnaires were returned, with an effective recovery rate of 98.93%. The score of hospital ethical climate for ICU nurses was (100.69±19.76), and the score of moral courage was (83.67±15.48). There was a positive correlation between hospital ethical climate and moral courage (r=0.866, P<0.001). Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that hospital ethical climate entered the influencing factor model of ICU nurses’ moral courage, which can independently explain 57% of the variation in ICU nurses’ moral courage. 【Conclusion:】 The moral courage of ICU nurses was at a medium level, and positively correlated with the hospital ethical climate, that is, the better the hospital ethical climate perceived by ICU nurses, the higher their level of moral courage. Nursing managers should focus on deepening the hospital ethical climate, and enhance the level of hospital ethical climate through scientific methods to promote the improvement of ICU nurses’ moral courage.

11.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 128-134, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005054

ABSTRACT

Iron overload cardiomyopathy (IOC) is a type of cardiac dysfunction caused by several factors resulting in iron overload in the myocardium. Two major causes of IOC include hereditary hemochromatosis and transfusion-dependent anemia. IOC significantly reduces long-term survival of patients. Since IOC is a rare disease in Asian populations that also lacks etiology-specific manifestations, early diagnoses in clinical practice are challenging. Two groups of patients with high risk of IOC should be further investigated: those who present heart failure of unknown origin will be screened for iron overload followed by confirmation of IOC; and those who have high risk of iron overload or an established diagnosis will be monitored for the development of IOC. Serum ferritin is recommended as the first-line screening test for iron overload, while cardiac magnetic resonance T2* should be used to confirm iron overload in the myocardium. Phlebotomy and iron chelating agents can effectively remove the extra iron from the body, preventing IOC, as well as reverse the disease at an early stage and slow down its progession. Timely diagnosis and treatment is critical in improving the prognosis of patients with IOC. Therefore, this review aims to help clinicians to understand IOC in multiple dimensions including pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnostic methods and treatment choices.

12.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 289-295, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015221

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To investigate the protective effect of exogenous hydrogen sulfide (H

13.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1450-1456, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013735

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of astragaloside IV (AS-IV) on cell proliferation and collagen expression in cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) of rats induced with angiotensin II (Ang II) and its mechanism. Methods CFs were pretreated with short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (SCAD) siRNA1186 for 12 h and then co-treated with Ang TJ and AS-IV for 36 h. The expressions of SCAD, α-SMA, collagen I and collagen III in CFs were detected by Western blot. mRNA expression levels of SCAD, a-SMA, collagen I and collagen III in CFs were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. The SCAD enzymatic activity, the content of ATP, hydroxyproline and free fatty acid were measured by detection kits. Results The expression of α-SMA, collagen I and collagen III were up-regulated (all P < 0. 01) in CFs induced by Ang II compared with the control cells, and the expression and enzymatic activity of SCAD significantly decreased (P < 0. 01, P< 0. 05). The content of ATP decreased (P < 0.01), and the content of hydroxyproline and free fatty acids increased (all P < 0.01). Compared with Ang II group, SCAD expression and enzymatic activity, and ATP content were significantly increased (all P < 0.01) in Ang II + AS-TV group, but the content of hydroxyproline and free fatty acids, and the expression of α-SMA, collagen I and collagen III significantly decreased (all P < 0.01). However, compared with the Ang II + NC group, there was no significant difference in all indices in the Ang II + SiRNA1186 + AS-TV group. The protective effect of AS-TV on Ang II -induced cell proliferation and collagen expression in CFs was eliminated by the interference of SCAD SiRNA1186. Conclusions AS-IV may inhibit Ang II-induced cell proliferation and collagen expression in CFs by activating SCAD.

14.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 573-582, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011415

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficiency of multiple etiological techniques for detection of Schistosoma japonicum infections in wild mice, so as to provide technical supports to assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk. Methods Wild mice were captured with baited traps at night in Oncomelania hupensis snail-infested settings in schistosomiasis-endemic foci of Anhui Province from October to November, 2022. S. japonicum infections were detected in wild mice using microscopy of mouse liver tissues, microscopy of mouse mesenteric tissues, microscopy of mouse liver tissue homogenates, miracidial hatching test of mouse liver tissue homogenates, Kato-Katz technique and miracidial hatching test of mouse stool samples alone and in combinations. Identification of S. japonicum eggs or miracidia by any of these six assays was defined as an infection. The sensitivity of six assays alone or in combinations was compared for detection of S. japonicum infections in wild mice. Results A total of 1 703 wild mice were captured, with 366 wild mice detected positive for S. japonicum (21.49%). There were significant differences in the prevalence of S. japonicum infections in wild mice by six assays (Q = 529.33, P < 0.001) and in the sensitivity of six assays for detection of S. japonicum infections in wild mice (χ2 = 527.78, P < 0.001). In addition, the combination of microscopy of mouse liver tissues and mesenteric tissues, combination of microscopy of mouse liver tissues and liver tissue homogenates and combination of microscopy of mouse liver tissues, microscopy of mesenteric tissues, microscopy of liver tissue homogenates and Kato-Katz technique showed 86.61%, 87.16% and 97.27% sensitivities for detection of S. japonicum infections in wild mice, respectively. Conclusions Diverse etiological assays show various efficiencies for detection of S. japonicum infections in wild mice. Combination of microscopy of mouse liver tissues and microscopy of mesenteric tissues, and combination of microscopy of mouse liver tissues and microscopy of liver tissue homogenates are potential approaches for field detection of S. japonicum infections in wild mice.

15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1291-1297, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010942

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of microRNA-509-3p (miR-509-3p) on the apoptosis of atherosclerotic vascular endothelial cells.@*METHODS@#Mouse aortic endothelial cells (MAECs) were divided into normal control group, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) group, miR-509-3p overexpression group, miR-509-3p overexpression control group, miR-509-3p inhibitor + ox-LDL group, and miR-509-3p inhibitor control + ox-LDL group. MAEC were induced with 100 mg/L ox-LDL for 24 hours, and then transfected with miR-509-3p overexpression/inhibitor and corresponding control for 48 hours. The miR-509-3p expression in MAECs exposed to ox-LDL was detected using real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Flow cytometry was used to detect the level of apoptosis, and cell counting kit (CCK-8) was used to detect the proliferation activity of MAECs. The direct gene targets of miR-509-3p were predicted using bioinformatics analyses and confirmed using a dual luciferase reporter assay. The expression of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein was detected by RT-qPCR and Western blotting, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal control group, miR-509-3p was significantly upregulated in ox-LDL-stimulated MAECs (1.68±0.85 vs. 1.00±0.30, t = 2.398, P < 0.05). After transfection of MAECs with miR-509-3p overexpression, the luciferase activity of the BCL2 3'UTR WT reporter gene was significantly lower than that of miR-509-3p overexpression control group (0.83±0.06 vs. 1.00±0.07, t = 4.531, P = 0.001). The luciferase activity of the BCL2 3'-UTR mutant (MUT) reporter gene was not significantly different from that of miR-509-3p overexpression control group (0.94±0.05 vs. 1.00±0.08, t = 1.414, P = 0.188). Compared with the normal control group and miR-509-3p mimics control group, the cell proliferation activity was decreased [(0.60±0.06)% vs. (1.00±0.09)%, (0.89±0.04)%, both P < 0.01], the percentage of apoptotic cells were increased [(23.46±2.02)% vs. (7.66±1.52)%, (10.40±0.78)%, both P < 0.05], and the mRNA and protein expression of Bcl-2 were significantly downregulated (Bcl-2 mRNA: 0.52±0.13 vs. 1.00±0.36, 1.10±0.19, Bcl-2 protein: 0.42±0.07 vs. 1.00±0.11, 0.93±0.10, both P < 0.01) in miR-509-3p overexpression group. Compared with the ox-LDL group, inhibition of miR-509-3p expression could increase the proliferation activity of MAECs induced by ox-LDL [(0.64±0.35)% vs. (0.34±0.20%)%, P < 0.05], and reduce the apoptosis rate [(13.59±2.22)% vs. (29.84±5.19)%, P < 0.01], and up-regulated the expression of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein in MAECs induced by ox-LDL (Bcl-2 mRNA relative expression: 0.82±0.09 vs. 0.52±0.10, Bcl-2 protein relative expression: 0.83±0.17 vs. 0.40±0.07, both P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Bcl-2 was one of the target genes of miR-509-3p. miR-509-3p can reduce the proliferation activity of endothelial cells, reduce the expression of Bcl-2, and promote cell apoptosis, thereby promoting the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis. Inhibition of miR-509-3p expression may be a potential therapeutic target for atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Endothelial Cells , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Lipoproteins, LDL/metabolism , Apoptosis , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/pharmacology , Atherosclerosis/metabolism , Luciferases/pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells
16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 401-407, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986143

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect and possible mechanism of Y-box-binding protein 1 (YB-1) on sorafenib resistance in hepatoma cells. Methods: Lentiviral vectors with YB-1 overexpression and knockdown were constructed, respectively, to stimulate human hepatoma cell lines (HepG2 and Huh7) alone or in combination with sorafenib.The overexpression part of the experiment was divided into four groups: overexpression control group (Lv-NC), YB-1 overexpression group (Lv-YB-1), overexpression control combined with sorafenib resistance group (Lv-NC+sorafenib), YB-1 overexpression combined with sorafenib resistance group (Lv-YB-1 + sorafenib). The knockdown part of the experiment was also divided into four groups: knockdown control group (Lv-shNC), YB-1 knockdown group (Lv-shYB-1), knockdown control combined with sorafenib resistance group (Lv-shNC + sorafenib), YB-1 knockdown combined with sorafenib resistance group (Lv-shYB-1 + sorafenib). The occurrence of cell apoptosis was detected by TUNEL. The protein expression levels of phosphorylated (p)-ERK and ERK, key proteins in the extracellular regulatory protein kinase (ERK) signaling pathway, were detected by Western blot and quantified by ImageJ software. Subcutaneous tumorigenesis experiments were performed in nude mice. The effect of YB-1 on the efficacy of sorafenib was verified in vivo. The comparison between the two sets of data was carried out by an independent sample t-test. One-way ANOVA was used for comparisons between the three groups of data above. Results: Sorafenib had accelerated the occurrence of apoptosis in hepatoma cells, while YB-1 overexpression had inhibited cell apoptosis, and at the same time also inhibited the apoptosis-accelerating impact of sorafenib. On the contrary, YB-1 knockdown accelerated cell apoptosis and amplified the induction effect of sorafenib on apoptosis. Furthermore, sorafenib resistance had down-regulated p-ERK levels (HepG2: Lv-NC 0.685 ± 0.143, Lv-NC + sorafenib 0.315 ± 0.168, P < 0.05; Huh7: Lv-NC 0.576 ± 0.078, Lv-NC + sorafenib 0.150 ± 0.131, P < 0.01), whereas YB-1 overexpression had inhibited sorafenib resistance p-ERK reduction (HepG2: Lv-NC + sorafenib 0.315 ± 0.168, Lv-YB-1 + sorafenib 0.688 ± 0.042, P < 0.05; Huh7: Lv-NC + sorafenib 0.150 ± 0.131, Lv-YB-1 + sorafenib 0.553 ± 0.041, P < 0.05). YB-1 knockdown further increased sorafenib-induced p-ERK downregulation (HepG2: Lv-shNC + sorafenib 0.911 ± 0.252, Lv-shYB-1 + sorafenib 0.500 ± 0.201, P < 0.05; Huh7: Lv-shNC + sorafenib 0.577 ± 0.082, Lv-shYB-1 + sorafenib 0.350 ± 0.143, P < 0.05), which was further verified in naked mice (Lv-shNC + sorafenib 0.812 ± 0.279, Lv-shYB-1 + sorafenib 0.352 ± 0.109, P < 0.05). Conclusion: YB-1 mediates the occurrence of sorafenib resistance via the ERK signaling pathway in hepatoma cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Sorafenib/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Y-Box-Binding Protein 1/metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mice, Nude
17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1204-1210, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973620

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study protective effect and potential mechanism of Modified yupingfeng nasal spray (YPF+) on nasal mucosal injury in allergic rhinitis (AR) model rats. METHODS AR model was induced by ovalbumin (OVA) and randomly divided into model group, YPF+group (50 µg/side,twice a day), positive control group (Mometasone furoate aqueous nasal spray, 50 µg/side,once a day); the blank group was set up, with 10 rats in each group. Administration groups were given relevant medicine, and blank group and model group were given equivalent normal saline for consecutive 4 weeks. Thirty minutes after last medication, the behavioral scores of rats were recorded, and the pathological changes of their nasal mucosa tissue were observed. The level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in nasal mucosa tissue was detected. The protein and mRNA expressions of nucleotide- binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3),caspase-1,gasdermin D (GSDMD) were detected; the contents of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-18 in serum were also determined. RESULTS Compared with blank group, in model group, the nasal mucosa tissue structure was disordered, inflammatory cells infiltrated seriously, and lamina propria vascular dilation was visible; its behavioral score and pathological score, the level of ROS, protein and mRNA expressions of NLRP3, caspase-1 and GSDMD, serum contents of IL-1β and IL-18 in nasal mucosa tissue were increased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with model group, the symptoms of nasal mucosal injury in rats of each drug group were improved to varying degrees, and the above indicators were significantly reduced (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS YPF+ may improve nasal mucosal injury of rats, relieve AR symptoms such as sneezing, itchy nose, runny nose, the mechanism of which may be associated with reducing the production of ROS in nasal mucosa and downregulating NLRP3/caspase-1/ GSDMD pathway.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 632-647, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971739

ABSTRACT

Cryoablation (CRA) and microwave ablation (MWA) are two main local treatments for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, which one is more curative and suitable for combining with immunotherapy is still controversial. Herein, CRA induced higher tumoral PD-L1 expression and more T cells infiltration, but less PD-L1highCD11b+ myeloid cells infiltration than MWA in HCC. Furthermore, CRA had better curative effect than MWA for anti-PD-L1 combination therapy in mouse models. Mechanistically, anti-PD-L1 antibody facilitated infiltration of CD8+ T cells by enhancing the secretion of CXCL9 from cDC1 cells after CRA therapy. On the other hand, anti-PD-L1 antibody promoted the infiltration of NK cells to eliminate PD-L1highCD11b+ myeloid cells by antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) effect after CRA therapy. Both aspects relieved the immunosuppressive microenvironment after CRA therapy. Notably, the wild-type PD-L1 Avelumab (Bavencio), compared to the mutant PD-L1 atezolizumab (Tecentriq), was better at inducing the ADCC effect to target PD-L1highCD11b+ myeloid cells. Collectively, our study uncovered the novel insights that CRA showed superior curative effect than MWA in combining with anti-PD-L1 antibody by strengthening CTL/NK cell immune responses, which provided a strong rationale for combining CRA and PD-L1 blockade in the clinical treatment for HCC.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 662-677, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971726

ABSTRACT

Alanine-serine-cysteine transporter 2 (ASCT2) is reported to participate in the progression of tumors and metabolic diseases. It is also considered to play a crucial role in the glutamate-glutamine shuttle of neuroglial network. However, it remains unclear the involvement of ASCT2 in neurological diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we demonstrated that high expression of ASCT2 in the plasma samples of PD patients and the midbrain of MPTP mouse models is positively correlated with dyskinesia. We further illustrated that ASCT2 expressed in astrocytes rather than neurons significantly upregulated in response to either MPP+ or LPS/ATP challenge. Genetic ablation of astrocytic ASCT2 alleviated the neuroinflammation and rescued dopaminergic (DA) neuron damage in PD models in vitro and in vivo. Notably, the binding of ASCT2 to NLRP3 aggravates astrocytic inflammasome-triggered neuroinflammation. Then a panel of 2513 FDA-approved drugs were performed via virtual molecular screening based on the target ASCT2 and we succeed in getting the drug talniflumate. It is validated talniflumate impedes astrocytic inflammation and prevents degeneration of DA neurons in PD models. Collectively, these findings reveal the role of astrocytic ASCT2 in the pathogenesis of PD, broaden the therapeutic strategy and provide a promising candidate drug for PD treatment.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1632-1641, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970635

ABSTRACT

With the improvement of living standards and changes in working style, the prevalence of abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism in humans is increasing in modern society. Clinically, the related indicators are often improved by changing the lifestyle and/or taking hypoglycemic and lipid-lowering drugs, but there are no therapeutic drugs for disorders of glucose and lipid metabolism at present. Hepatitis C virus core protein binding protein 6(HCBP6) is a newly discovered target that can regulate triglyceride and cholesterol content according to level oscillations in the body, thereby regulating abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism. Relevant studies have shown that ginsenoside Rh_2 can significantly up-regulate the expression of HCBP6, but there are few studies on the effect of Chinese herbal medicines on HCBP6. Moreover, the three-dimensional structural information of HCBP6 has not been determined and the discovery of potential active components acting on HCBP6 is not rapidly advanced. Therefore, the total saponins of eight Chinese herbal medicines commonly used to regulate abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism were selected as the research objects to observe their effect on the expression of HCBP6. Then, the three-dimensional structure of HCBP6 was predicted, followed by molecular docking with saponins in eight Chinese herbal medicines to quickly find potential active components. The results showed that all total saponins tended to up-regulate HCBP6 mRNA and protein expression, where gypenosides showed the optimum effect on up-regulating HCBP6 mRNA and ginsenosides showed the optimum effect on up-regulating HCBP6 protein expression. Reliable protein structures were obtained after the prediction of protein structures using the Robetta website and the evaluation of the predicted structures by SAVES. The saponins from the website and literature were also collected and docked with the predicted protein, and the saponin components were found to have good binding activity to the HCBP6 protein. The results of the study are expected to provide ideas and methods for the discovery of new drugs from Chinese herbal medicines to regulate glucose and lipid metabolism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glucose , Lipid Metabolism , Molecular Docking Simulation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Ginsenosides , Proteins , Saponins , RNA, Messenger
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