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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 693-697, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922982

ABSTRACT

Exosomes have the dual characteristics of promoting and inhibiting cancer and can induce the proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of hepatoma cells by altering tumor microenvironment, promoting neovascularization, and regulating epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Exosomes can regulate hepatocellular carcinoma and inhibit the growth and metastasis of hepatoma cells by regulating a variety of physiological and pathological processes, thus playing an important role in clinical diagnosis and treatment. It is pointed out that exosomes may become an effective antitumor treatment method through immune regulation and remodeling of tumor microcirculation.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 688-692, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922981

ABSTRACT

Due to the rapid proliferation and growth of tumor cells, hypoxic microenvironment exists in many solid tumors, and hypoxia inducible factors (HIF) are critical for sensing oxygen tension within tumors and subsequently mediating the activation of hypoxia responses. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most hypoxic tumors. This article summarizes the mechanism of action of HIF in promoting the development and progression of HCC by promoting glycolysis, angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis, immune escape, and cancer stem cell formation. At present, the development of targeted drugs for HIF inhibitors has broad prospects in the treatment of HCC, and the detection of HIF also has a potential value in prognostic evaluation HCC.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920788

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate a local outbreak of dengue fever in 2019 in a city village in Yong'an City, determine its characteristics, and evaluate the effect of countermeasures. Methods Epidemic characteristics of the outbreak were analyzed by descriptive analysis, and the effect of countermeasures was evaluated using the number of new cases and the change in mosquito vector density. Results The density of mosquito vectors in the core areas of the epidemic areas was gradually reduced by implementing multiple countermeasures. The Braitu index decreased below the threshold of dengue fever transmission. After the longest incubation period of the last case, there was no further case of dengue fever. The outbreak ended on 28th November. Conclusion This is a local outbreak of dengue fever. Comprehensive measures should be implemented to control the epidemic by principally eliminating adult mosquitoes and clearing mosquito breeding grounds, be supplemented by isolation and treatment of cases.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2919-2923, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906889

ABSTRACT

An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that exosomes are closely associated with liver fibrosis and mediate the process of liver fibrosis by participating in cytokine secretion, macrophage activation, extracellular matrix remodeling, and hepatic stellate cell activation. This article summarizes that the resolution of liver fibrosis requires the reduction of pro-inflammatory and fibrotic cytokines, the reduction of extracellular matrix protein production, the increase of collagenase activity, and finally the loss of activated myofibroblasts. It is believed that exosomes play an important role in the treatment of liver fibrosis and are potential markers for diagnosis and treatment, and in future studies, it is necessary to improve exosome extraction techniques and standardization of treatment quantification.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906332

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects and mechanism of zedoary turmeric oil and its active components on the vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) in the ovarian cancer (OC). Method:Network pharmacology technology was employed to analyze the mechanism of Curcumae Rhizoma on OC. Bioinformatics was used to analyze the expression of VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in OC and the effect on the prognosis of OC to explore the feasibility of zedoary turmeric oil in regulating VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in OC.The xenograft tumor model of nude mice was established, and the effects of zedoary turmeric oil and its active components on VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in OC were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), Western blot, and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Result:Bioinformatics analysis and literature research showed that VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR played a special regulatory role in the occurrence and development of OC, and were potential key targets for the proliferation of OC. Network pharmacology analysis revealed that Curcumae Rhizoma could regulate multiple disease targets of OC, and mediate VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in OC through these multiple targets. As demonstrated by HE staining, the tumor cells in the model group were densely arranged, with no erosion on the edge and no vesicles inside. Compared with the model group, the cell density in other treatment groups was reduced, and strip-shaped erosion on the edge and small empty vesicles were observed in the tumor tissue, especially in the zedoary turmeric oil group. According to the results of Real-time PCR and IHC, zedoary turmeric oil and its active components could inhibit the mRNA and protein expression of VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in the OC tissue (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Zedoary turmeric oil and its active components could reduce the expression of VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in tumor tissue of nude mice, and inhibited the proliferation of OC through VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888191

ABSTRACT

A detection method of ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) was established to detect concentrations of isoorientin, orientin, quercetin, vitexin and kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucoside in H9 c2 cells and applied to the pharmacokinetic study of Polygonum orientale extract in the cells. H9 c2 cells were treated with 100 μg·mL~(-1) P. orientale extract and then they and the corresponding nuclei, mitochondria and Golgi bodies were collected at the set time. After protein precipitation, UPLC-MS/MS was used to determine concentrations of isoorientin, orientin, quercetin, vitexin and kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucoside in the whole cells and subcellular structures. Also, related pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated. The results showed that the peak time was 8 h for all these components. Orientin, vitexin, quercetin and isoorientin have high affinities to nuclei and mitochondria, while the affinity of kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucoside is higher with mitochondria compared to nuclei. It is suggested that these chemical components of P. orientale may mainly act on nuclei or mitochondria to exert pharmacological effects of protecting cardiomyocytes.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Polygonum , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906040

ABSTRACT

As a new technology with unique drug delivery advantages, nanoemulsion has been widely used in the field of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparations. By searching, classifying and sorting out the literature reports at home and abroad in recent years, this paper systematically expounded the application advantages and production mechanism of nanoemulsion in delivering effective components of TCM from three aspects of improving oral bioavailability, enhancing targeting effect and delaying drug release. The current formulation optimization strategies, preparation processes and quality evaluation indicators commonly used in TCM nanoemulsion were summarized. Based on the research status of TCM nanoemulsion with different active components, the common problems and possible solutions in the development of TCM nanoemulsion were discussed, and the future research hotspots and directions of TCM nanoemulsion were prospected. This article clarifies the feasibility of nanoemulsion for enriching the selection of TCM dosage forms, which can provide reference for the subsequent rational design and improvement of TCM preparations. At the same time, it is revealed that the research focus of TCM nanoemulsion in the future lies in the integrated research of TCM compounds, and shows a trend of multi-disciplinary joint and targeted research.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773258

ABSTRACT

In this experiment,the gradation analysis method was used to evaluate the quality of different pieces of Gardeniae Fructus through the extraction rate difference and the difference analysis of the main components in the extract. In this experiment cold-dip and hot-dip methods were used to compare the yield of Gardeniae Fructus extract and the content of chemical constituents with water,25%,50%,75% and 95% ethanol fractions. By weighted calculation,the optimal extraction method of Gardeniae Fructus was determined,and this was verified by practical application. RESULTS:: showed that for the water-soluble extract,cold dip method was better than the hot dip method; and for alcohol-soluble extract,75% ethanol under cold dip method was best. The verification results showed that water-soluble extracts under cold dip methods could be used to significantly distinguish the raw Gardeniae Fructus( GF) and processed( stir-baked) GF( GFP) collected from the market. Meanwhile,this method could be also used to distinguish the same batch of GF,GFP and carbonized GF( GFC) with significant differences,respectively( P<0. 05). Ethanol-soluble extract can be used to clearly distinguish GFP and GFC pieces in the same batch( P<0. 05). The results of content determination showed that the variation coefficient of components in GF processed products was higher than that in extracts,and the content of hydroxygeniposide was the most significant component between GF and its processed products. It is suggested that the method of water-soluble extract of GF and the determination of the content of gardoside should be combined together to evaluate the quality of GF and its heat processed products.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Chemistry , Gardenia , Chemistry , Plant Extracts
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1322-1327, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772224

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The transcription factor paired box 8 (PAX8) was associated with type 2 congenital non-goitrous hypothyroidism (CHNG2), a clinical phenotype of congenital hypothyroidism (CH). Though studied in a few regions with different ethnicities, the incidence of PAX8 mutations varied, even among Chinese cohorts in different regions. This study aimed to identify and characterize PAX8 mutations and explore the prevalence of its mutations in another cohort of CH.@*METHODS@#The 105 unrelated Chinese patients with CH were collected from four major hospitals. Exomes of the 105 samples were sequenced by Hiseq 2000 platform to identify mutations of PAX8 on genomic DNAs extracted from peripheral blood samples. Luciferase reporter assays were used to assess the effects of mutations on the transcription of thyroid peroxidase (TPO).@*RESULTS@#Three PAX8 mutations in four subjects were identified in 105 samples. One variant, rs189229644, was detected in two subjects, and categorized as uncertain significance. The other two missense mutations (275T>C/Ile92Thr and 398G>A/Arg133Gln) were not detected in three large-scale genotyping projects, namely 1000 Genome Project, Exome Aggregation Consortium and GO Exome Sequencing Project. Functional studies for the two mutations revealed that they could impair the transcription ability of PAX8 on one of its target genes, TPO. Therefore, the two mutations were causative for the pathogenesis of CHNG2. After combining the studies of PAX8 mutations, an average frequency of 1.74% (21/1209) could be obtained in Chinese patients with CH.@*CONCLUSION@#The study specifically demonstrates the role of two mutations in impairing the transcription ability of PAX8, which should be considered as pathogenic variants for CH.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1322-1327, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800848

ABSTRACT

Background@#The transcription factor paired box 8 (PAX8) was associated with type 2 congenital non-goitrous hypothyroidism (CHNG2), a clinical phenotype of congenital hypothyroidism (CH). Though studied in a few regions with different ethnicities, the incidence of PAX8 mutations varied, even among Chinese cohorts in different regions. This study aimed to identify and characterize PAX8 mutations and explore the prevalence of its mutations in another cohort of CH.@*Methods@#The 105 unrelated Chinese patients with CH were collected from four major hospitals. Exomes of the 105 samples were sequenced by Hiseq 2000 platform to identify mutations of PAX8 on genomic DNAs extracted from peripheral blood samples. Luciferase reporter assays were used to assess the effects of mutations on the transcription of thyroid peroxidase (TPO).@*Results@#Three PAX8 mutations in four subjects were identified in 105 samples. One variant, rs189229644, was detected in two subjects, and categorized as uncertain significance. The other two missense mutations (275T>C/Ile92Thr and 398G>A/Arg133Gln) were not detected in three large-scale genotyping projects, namely 1000 Genome Project, Exome Aggregation Consortium and GO Exome Sequencing Project. Functional studies for the two mutations revealed that they could impair the transcription ability of PAX8 on one of its target genes, TPO. Therefore, the two mutations were causative for the pathogenesis of CHNG2. After combining the studies of PAX8 mutations, an average frequency of 1.74% (21/1209) could be obtained in Chinese patients with CH.@*Conclusion@#The study specifically demonstrates the role of two mutations in impairing the transcription ability of PAX8, which should be considered as pathogenic variants for CH.

11.
Chinese Hospital Management ; (12): 38-41, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706622

ABSTRACT

Medical security is a prominent problem in China,and the medical safety supervision system needs to be improved.Through the analysis of the existing literature,medical supervision process,current situation and problems are analyzed,and the medical supervision system in England is comparatively analyzed,and the relationship model of British regulators is built,the internal mechanism of British medical supervision is analyzed,and finally through combining with the actual situation of China,new ideas for perfecting the medical safety supervision are put forward.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1824-1830, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338846

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Nuclear mitotic apparatus protein 1 (NuMA1) had been reported to produce three groups of isoforms categorized as long, middle, and short groups, of which short NuMA displayed distinct localization patterns compared to long and middle isoforms. However, the function of short NuMA was not clear in the progress of cancer formation. This study aimed to unveil the role of short NuMA in cancer pathogenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression levels of short isoforms were explored in paired gastric carcinoma (GC) samples and different cell lines. Furthermore, the short isoform behaved as a putative tumor suppressor based on cell proliferation and cell colony formation assays. Pull-down assay and whole-genome gene expression analysis were carried out to search candidate interaction partners of short NuMA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of short NuMA was highly expressed in S and G2 phases of the cell cycle; compared with nontumor tissues, short NuMA downregulated in nine GCs (GC1 [0.131, P = 5 × 10-4]; GC2 [0.316, P = 3 × 10-5]; GC3 [0.111, P = 6 × 10-4]; GC4 [0.456, P = 0.011]; GC5 [0.474, P = 0.001]; GC6 [0.311, P = 0.004]; GC7 [0.28, P = 3 × 10-5]; GC8 [0.298, P = 0.007]; and GC9 [0.344, P = 0.002]). Besides, high expression of short NuMA significantly inhibits cell growth (2.43 × 105 vs. 2.97 × 105, P = 0.0029) and cell clone information in vitro (70 vs. 2, P = 1.67 × 10-45). Short NuMA could bind with alpha-actinin-4 (ACTN4), a putative tumor promoting gene. Overexpression of short NuMA could tremendously decrease the expression of MYB proto-oncogene like 2 (MYBL2) of about 92-fold, which played an important role in the cell cycles.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Short isoform of NuMA might be functioned as a putative role of tumor suppressor. Further studies should be made to illuminate the relationship between ACTN4, MYBL2, and tumor progression.</p>

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1677-1682, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330557

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) is an autoimmune disease and the leading cause of adult nephritic syndrome. HLA-DQA1 had been identified to be associated with IMN in Europeans and the result was replicated in Chinese Han population. In this study, six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter of HLA-DQA1 and other two SNPs with IgA nephropathy were included for the association analysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The SNPs were genotyped in 509 patients and 601 controls by the MassArray iPLEX. The quantification of anti-phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) antibodies in sera of IMN patients was performed by anti-PLA2R ELISA (IgG) kit.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After analysis, four SNPs were significantly associated with IMN, with rs2187668 and rs28383345 as the top two signals (P = 8.42×10-5 and 2.48×10-5, respectively). Even under dominant model, the two SNPs were still significantly associated with IMN (P = 3.50×10-3 for rs28383345 and P = 6.55×10-5 for rs2187668). After conditional study with rs2187668, rs28383345 was the only variant significantly correlated with IMN after Bonferroni correction (P = 0.016). The minor alleles of the two SNPs were also mutually exclusive in our cohort. This indicated that the two SNPs were independently associated with IMN in Chinese Han population. Levels of anti-PLA2R autoantibodies were correlated with the genotypes of the two SNPs, but not significantly (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our results revealed that a novel independent variant in the promoter of HLA-DQA1 was associated with IMN in Chinese Han population. The locus possessed regulatory role according to the data of RegulomeDB. The exact role of the SNPs on the expression of HLA-DQA1 needs further investigation.</p>

14.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 683-686, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479915

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of aminolevulinic acid-based photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) on the proliferation and apoptosis of HaCaT cells stably expressing human papillomavirus type 16 E7 protein (HaCaT/HPVl6 E7 cells).Methods Cultured HaCaT/HPV16 E7 cells were divided into several groups: blank control group receiving no treatment, ALA group treated with ALA alone, irradiation group irradiated with 630-nm red laser (30 mW/cm2,12 J/cm2), ALA-PDT groups pretreated with ALA for 5 hours followed by 630-nm red laser radiation at 4, 8, 12 J/cm2 respectively.CCK8 assay was performed to determine the survival rate of cells at 24 hours after PDT, and flow cytometetry and confocal microscopy were conducted to detect cell apoptosis and observe cell morphology respectively at 3 hours.Results At 24 hours, the survival rate of cells was 68.98% ± 1.03%, 46.03% ± 2.96% and 23.57% ± 3.83% in the 4-,8-and 12-J/cm2 ALA-PDT groups respectively, significantly lower than that in the blank control group, ALA group and irradiation group (99.15% ± 0.64%, 98.13% ± 0.83% and 96.85% ± 1.37% respectively, all P < 0.05).With the increase in radiation dose, cell apoptosis was accelerated with obvious morphological changes and shrinkage of cells in the ALA-PDT groups.Conclusion ALA-PDT can inhibit the proliferation, and promote the apoptosis of HPV-infected HaCaT cells in a dose-dependent manner within a certain range of radiation dose.

15.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 181-185, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444488

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanisms underlying the effect of 5-aminolevulinic acid photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) on cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in mice.Methods A model of cutaneous SCC was established in 21 SKH-1 hairless mice,which were treated with topical ALA 8% cream followed by single irradiation with He-Ne laser at a total dose of 30 J/cm2 (ALA-PDT).Three mice were sacrificed before and at 1,3,6,12,24 hours and 7 days after the irradiation,separately,and SCC tissue was taken from the mice.Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) were performed to determine the pattern of tumor cell death(necrosis,apoptosis and autophagy) during 1-24 hours after ALA-PDT,and immunohistochemical techniques were used to estimate the expressions of LC3B and CD34 on SCC cells,as well as the quantity of CD1a+ cells,CD4+ T and CD8+ T lymphocytes in SCC tissue 7 days after the irradiation.Statistical analysis was done by two-sample t test using SPSS 17.0 software.Results TEM showed gradual necrosis and apoptosis (especially necrosis) of tumor cells and formation of autophagosomes in macrophages within 24 hours after ALA-PDT.The number of apoptotic cells per high power field (× 400) in SCC tissue significantly increased at 24 hours compared with that before ALA-PDT (7.30 ± 2.18 vs.2.00 ± 0.69,P < 0.05).As immunohistochemistry revealed,there was a significant decrease in the number of CD34+ cells (1.33 ± 0.58 vs.19.00 ± 2.66,P< 0.01),but a marked increase in that of CD1a+ ce1ls (23.01 ± 2.04 vs.10.33 ± 1.88,P< 0.05),CD4+ T cells (28.67 ± 1.76 vs.12.40 ± 2.27,P< 0.05),CD8+ T cells (25.79 ± 2.37 vs.11.67 ± 1.45,P < 0.05) and LC3B+ interstitial cells (30.6 ± 3.21 vs.21.44 ± 4.3,P < 0.05) per high power field (× 400) in SCC tissue on day 7 compared with that before ALA-PDT.Conclusions ALA-PDT may directly kill SCC cells by inducing cell necrosis and apoptosis rather than autophagy.Additionally,ALA-PDT can injure microvascular endothelial cells and cause the aggregation of dendritic cells,CD4+ T cells and CD8+ T cells in SCC tissue.

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1021-1026, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283989

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effects of different stimulatory factors on proliferation and function of cytokine induced killer (CIK) cells. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) were separated by Ficoll-Hypacue gradient. According to supplement of different stimulatory factors (CD28 mAb, IL-15 and IL-21), the experiment was divided into five groups:control group (CIK), CB28+IL-15+IL-21 group, IL-15+IL-21 group, CD28+IL-15 group and CD28+IL-21 group. Effects of different stimulatory factors on the proliferation of CIK cells were assayed by an automated hematology analyzer. Changes of granzyme B,perforin and CD107a were detected by flow cytometry. IL-10, IL-12, INF-γ and TNF-α were quantified by ELISA. Cytotoxicities on lung cancer cell line A549, breast adenocarcinoma cell line MFC-7 and human melanoma cell line HME1 were examined by lactate dehydrogenase release method. The results showed that there were significant differences among different groups. The highest proliferation index on days 10 was observed in group CD28mAb, IL-15 and IL-21(255.3 ± 6.3), which was higher than control group, IL-21+IL-15 group and CD28 mAb+IL-21 group (166.6 ± 13.5, 199.4 ± 15.0 and 228.8 ± 16.6) (P < 0.05). The expression of perforin in CD28 mAb+IL-15 group was higher than the other groups. The expression of perforin,GranB and CD107a of costimulatory groups was higher than control group. The cytotoxicities of CD28 mAb+IL-15 group on A549, MFC-7 and HME1 cells (82.2%, 59.3% and 70.6%) were much higher than that of control group (60.9%, 49.6% and 48.4%) (P < 0.05). The highest IFN-γsecretion was found in CD28 mAb, IL-15 and IL-21 groups. It is concluded that there are significant difference of proliferative capacity, cytokine secretion and cytotoxicity after being activated by different stimulatory factors. Adding corresponding stimulatory factors into the culture system displays a great value for target cells culture.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cytokine-Induced Killer Cells , Cell Biology , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Metabolism , Interleukin-10 , Metabolism , Interleukin-12 , Metabolism , Interleukin-15 , Pharmacology , Interleukins , Pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
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