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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928934

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism underlying the anti-hepatic fibrosis activity of ethyl acetate fraction Dicliptera chinensis (L.) Juss. (EDC) in human hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) in vitro and in a carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatic fibrosis mouse model in vivo.@*METHODS@#For in vitro study, HSCs were pre-treated with platelet-derived growth factor (10 ng/mL) for 2 h to ensure activation and treated with EDC for 24 h and 48 h, respectively. The effect of EDC on HSCs was assessed using cell counting kit-8 assay, EdU staining, transmission electron microscopy, immunofluorescence staining, and Western blot, respectively. For in vivo experiments, mice were intraperitoneally injected with CCl4 (2 ° L/g, adjusted to a 25% concentration in olive oil), 3 times per week for 6 weeks, to develop a hepatic fibrosis model. Forty 8-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were divided into 4 groups using a random number table (n=10), including control, model, positive control and EDC treatment groups. Mice in the EDC and colchicine groups were intragastrically administered EDC (0.5 g/kg) or colchicine (0.2 mg/kg) once per day for 6 weeks. Mice in the control and model groups received an equal volume of saline. Biochemical assays and histological examinations were used to assess liver damage. Protein expression levels of α -smooth muscle actin (α -SMA) and microtubule-associated protein light chain 3B (LC3B) were measured by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#EDC reduced pathological damage associated with liver fibrosis, downregulated the expression of α -SMA and upregulated the expression of LC3B (P<0.05), both in HSCs and the CCl4-induced liver fibrosis mouse model. The intervention of bafilomycin A1 and rapamycin in HSCs strongly supported the notion that inhibition of autophagy enhanced α -SMA protein expression levels (P<0.01). The results also found that the levels of phosphoinositide (PI3K), p-PI3K, AKT, p-AKT, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), p-mTOR, and p-p70S6K all decreased after EDC treatment (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#EDC has anti-hepatic fibrosis activity by inducing autophagy and might be a potential drug to be further developed for human liver fibrosis therapy.


Subject(s)
Acetates , Animals , Autophagy , Carbon Tetrachloride , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Liver/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883339

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of four-point fixation in patients with posterior chamber intraocular lens dislocation.Methods:A retrospective case series study was adopted.Sixteen patients (16 eyes) with posterior chamber intraocular lens dislocation who underwent suture suspension techniques with four-point fixation in Changzhou No.2 people's Hospital from January 2015 to January 2018 were enrolled.Postoperative effects were observed during follow-up, ranging from 6 to 13 months.The preoperative and 6-month postoperative uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), corneal endothelium cell count and astigmatism were measured and the differences were compared, and the relationships between total astigmatism and corneal astigmatism or intraocular lens induced astigmatism were analyzed, and the postoperative position of intraocular lens and complications were observed.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Changzhou No.2 People's Hospital (No.2015-C-012-01).Written informed consent was obtained from each patient before surgery.Results:The mean preoperative UCVA (LogMAR) and BCVA (LogMAR) were 1.09±0.24 and 0.48±0.20, respectively, which were significantly improved to 0.30±0.12 and 0.26±0.13 at 6 months after operation, respectively.And the differences were statistically significant ( t=11.782, 3.795; both at P<0.01).The preoperative and 6-month postoperative corneal endothelium cell count were (2 270±360)/mm 2 and (2 032±327)/mm 2, respectively, and the difference was not significant ( t=1.921, P=0.074).The 6-month postoperative mean total astigmatism, corneal astigmatism and intraocular lens induced astigmatism were (-1.47±0.82)D, (-1.34±0.61)D and (-0.22±0.35)D, respectively.There was a highly positive correlation between total astigmatism and corneal astigmatism ( r=0.885, P<0.05), but there was no significant correlation between total astigmatism and intraocular lens induced astigmatism ( r=-0.432, P=0.095).No dislocation, deviation or torsion of intraocular lens were observed during the follow-up.Varying degree of symptoms of iridocyclitis were observed during early stage after operation, which disappeared after treatment.There were two cases of high intraocular pressure, which were normal after treatment.No retinal detachment, choroidal detachment, expulsive suprachoroidal hemorrhage, endophthalmitis, corneal endothelial decompensation or other complications occurred during and after operation. Conclusions:There is a stable position of intraocular lens, good visual acuity and few complications after four-point fixation with suture and suspension, which is a feasible method to treat dislocated intraocular lens.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 71-88, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881125

ABSTRACT

@#Disrupted redox status primarily contributes to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MIRI). NRF2, the endogenous antioxidant regulator, might provide therapeutic benefits. Dihydrotanshinone-I (DT) is an active component in Salvia miltiorrhiza with NRF2 induction potency. This study seeks to validate functional links between NRF2 and cardioprotection of DT and to investigate the molecular mechanism particularly emphasizing on NRF2 cytoplasmic/nuclear translocation. DT potently induced NRF2 nuclear accumulation, ameliorating post-reperfusion injuries via redox alterations. Abrogated cardioprotection in NRF2-deficient mice and cardiomyocytes strongly supports NRF2-dependent cardioprotection of DT. Mechanistically, DT phosphorylated NRF2 at Ser40, rendering its nuclear-import by dissociating from KEAP1 and inhibiting degradation. Importantly, we identified PKC-δ-(Thr505) phosphorylation as primary upstream event triggering NRF2-(Ser40) phosphorylation. Knockdown of PKC-δ dramatically retained NRF2 in cytoplasm, convincing its pivotal role in mediating NRF2 nuclear-import. NRF2 activity was further enhanced by activated PKB/GSK-3β signaling via nuclear-export signal blockage independent of PKC-δ activation. By demonstrating independent modulation of PKC-δ and PKB/GSK-3β/Fyn signaling, we highlight the ability of DT to exploit both nuclear import and export regulation of NRF2 in treating reperfusion injury harboring redox homeostasis alterations. Coactivation of PKC and PKB phenocopied cardioprotection of DT in vitro and in vivo, further supporting the potential applicability of this rationale. Graphical abstract

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 4045-4054, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922459

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a non-apoptotic regulated cell death caused by iron accumulation and subsequent lipid peroxidation. Currently, the therapeutic role of ferroptosis on cancer is gaining increasing interest. Baicalin an active component in

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873516

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To study the distribution of sleep duration in mid-pregnancy women and examine its association with prehypertension ( PHT) . Methods In the baseline survey of a prospective cohort study,943 women in mid-pregnancy were recruited in Guangzhou,China in 2017-2018. A standardized questionnaire was used to assess demographic characteristics,sleep duration and other lifestyles. We obtained maternal blood pressure values,weights,heights,and medical histories from medical records. Multivariate logistic regression was conducted to examine the association between sleep duration and PHT. Results The average daily sleep duration of women in mid -pregnancy was ( 10. 41 ± 1. 67 ) hours,and it was negatively related to age and educational level. Overall,98. 33% of pregnant women had a daily sleep duration ≥ 7 h and the distribution was related to passive smoking. The average night time sleep duration was ( 9. 48±1. 21 ) hours,and it was negatively related to age and educational level. The daytime sleep duration was ( 0. 93 ± 0. 69 ) hours,and it was positively associated with physical activity. The average bedtime was( 22 ∶ 42 ± 1.24) ,and it was positively associated with passive smoking. The prevalence of PHT was 9. 61%. We did not observe any significant association between sleep duration and PHT. Conclusions The mid-pregnancy women in Guangzhou had relatively long sleep duration, and it differed by maternal age,educational level,physical activity,and passive smoking. There was no significant association between sleep duration and PHT.

6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1018-1023, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829060

ABSTRACT

The application of special acupoints for different primary symptoms of chronic gastritis in ancient literature of acupuncture and moxibustion was analyzed and summarized. With keywords, electronic and manual retrieval of ancient literature being performed to establish a database, the association rules were performed with SPSS Modeler 18. As a result, ① among all the 2243 items included, 109 items mentioned special acupoints (excluding those only mentioned crossing acupoint). The frequency of special acupoints was 2554 (71.7%), and the special acupoints on the spleen meridian, the stomach meridian, the conception vessel were frequently used. The frequency of five- point was highest, followed by front- points. ② The special acupoints for four main primary symptoms of chronic gastritis, "stomachache" "vomiting and regurgitation" "belching and acid regurgitation" and "epigastric fullness", included Zusanli (ST 36), Neiguan (PC 6), Zhongwan (CV 12), Gongsun (SP 4), Taibai (SP 3). In addition, the back- points were also selected to treat the primary symptoms other than "epigastric fullness". Zhangmen (LR 13) was added to treat "belching and acid regurgitation". The combination of Neiguan (PC 6) and Gongsun (SP 4) showed the strongest correlation; due to different primary symptoms, the combination had different emphasis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 282-290, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870798

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between enlarged perivascular space (EPVS) and retinal vessel abnormalities in transient ischemic attack (TIA) and mild stroke patients.Methods:TIA and mild cerebral infarction (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score≤3) patients were enrolled from March to August 2019 in Changzhou Second People′s Hospital. Magnetic resonance imaging and retinal fundus photography were performed in all patients. Retinal arteriovenous diameter was semi-automatically measured, and retinal arteriosclerosis grades, vascular curvature, hemorrhages, microangioma, hard exudation, soft exudation, arteriovenous nicking and venous beads were assessed. Patients were divided into two groups according to the existence of EPVS: EPVS group and non-EPVS group. The baseline data of the two groups were compared and further multivariate Logistic regression was carried out. After normal transformation of the number of EPVS, the correlation between the grades of EPVS and converted EPVS was analyzed. The relationship between the number of converted EPVS and the grades and retinal fundus vascular lesions was further analyzed.Results:A total of 123 patients were included, including 99 patients with cerebral infarction, 24 patients with TIA; 52 patients without EPVS and 71 patients with EPVS. The EPVS group was more than the non-EPVS group in age ((68.61±12.71) years and (63.37±13.53) years, t=-2.198, P=0.030), history of hypertension (52 (73.2%) and 25 (48.1%), χ 2=8.118, P=0.004), hemangioma (17 (23.9%) and 5 (9.6%), χ 2=4.196, P=0.041), arteriovenous nicking (50 (70.4%) and 8 (15.4%), χ 2=36.488, P<0.05) and arteriosclerosis grades (1 (1, 2) and 0 (0, 1), Z=-7.454, P<0.05), and less than the non-EPVS group in central retinal artery equivalent (CRAE; (106.31±15.02) mm and (113.89±11.86) mm, t=3.014, P=0.003) and arteriole-to-venule ratio (AVR; 0.54±0.07 and 0.59±0.05, t=4.553, P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed arteriosclerosis grades ( OR=7.781, 95 %CI 2.876-21.055, P<0.05) and hypertension ( OR=3.203, 95 %CI 1.049-9.777, P=0.041) were related factors for EPVS. Adjusting for age, sex, hypertension and diabetes, the normally transformed EPVS was found positively correlated with arteriovenous nicking ( B=0.556, 95 %CI 0.203-0.910, P=0.003) and arteriosclerosis grade ( B=0.417, 95 %CI 0.259-0.576, P<0.05), and negatively correlated with AVR ( B=-4.213, 95 %CI-6.712--1.714, P=0.001). The grades of EPVS were positively correlated with arteriosclerosis ( r=0.764, P<0.05), and negatively correlated with CRAE ( r=-0.287, P<0.05) and AVR ( r=-0.422, P<0.05). Conclusions:Hypertension and retinal arteriosclerosis are related factors of EPVS in mild stroke and TIA patients. EPVS is correlated with retinal vessel abnormalities. The more serious of EPVS is, the more serious of retinal arteriosclerosis is, the higher ratio of arteriovenous nicking is, the smaller of CRAE and AVR are.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862456

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of prevention of dental caries in preschool children by family-based oral health management. Methods A total of 144 families with 3 years old children in Huangpu District were randomly divided equally into intervention group and control group.The intervention period was 2 years.Semi-annual oral health guidance was given to families in the intervention group(including oral examination, children′s deciduous teeth coating with fluoride, dental caries filling, oral health lectures for families, distribution of family oral health brochures, etc.)Families in the control group received annual oral examination.After the intervention, the parents completed their child′s oral health questionnaire. Results In the 2-year oral monitoring period, the incidence of dental caries in the intervention group and the control group was 9.72% and 22.22%, respectively within one year, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant(χ2=4.19, P < 0.05).The incidence of dental caries was 12.50% and 36.11% within two years, and the difference between the two groups was also statistically significant(χ2=10.91, P < 0.01).Result of the questionnaire survey showed that children in the intervention group had better eating and oral health habits than the control group, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant(P < 0.05). Conclusion Regular and professional family oral health management can effectively reduce the incidence of dental caries and improve the oral health in preschool children.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the symptomatic burden of patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and its relation with clinical characteristics including the mutation status, therapeutic protocols and sex.@*METHODS@#Total of 173 Chinese ET patients were selected and grouped on the basis of disease characteristics (mutation status, therapeutic pro to- cols, and sex).@*RESULTS@#All the groups showed low-to-high symptom burden, with the highest in the Hu (hydroxyurea)-group (total symptom score [TSS], 14.7; range, 7.6-14.7). In the JAK2V617F-positive, Hu-treated, and female groups TSS and independent symptom scores were higher than those in the control group. The CALR-positive and IFN-α-treated groups had lower overall and individual scores as compared with groups lacking the corresponding characteristics. As the number of characteristics (JAK2V617F-positive, Hu-treated, and female) increases, the severity of symptoms gradually increased.@*CONCLUSION@#The different characteristics have various effects on symptom burden in ET patients. The accumulation of certain characteristics will lead to more severe symptom burden, thus the patient's symptom burden should be considered comprehensively when making up the treatment schemes and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Asians , Calreticulin , Female , Humans , Hydroxyurea , Janus Kinase 2 , Mutation , Thrombocythemia, Essential
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752058

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effects of Shenqi Yizhi Granule on the cognitive function and the expression of MMP-2 and VEGF in serum of APP/PS1 transgenic mice. Methods: Taking APP/PS1 double transgenic mice as the research carrier, Shenqi Yizi granule was used to interven for 180 days. The learning and remembering ability was tested by Morris water maze, passive avoidance test, and open field. The pathomorphism of the hippocampus CA1 region of mice was tested by HE staining and electron microscopy. The concentration of MMP-2 and VEGF in serum was tested by ELISA. Results: Compared with the blank group, the escape latency of the model group was significantly increased (P < 0.05), and the frequency of the entering medium ring was obviously decreased (P < 0.05). The number of nerve cells in the hippocampal CA1 area was reduced, and the arrangement was disordered. The nuclear pyknosis was deeply stained, and the ultrastructure of nerve cells was abnormal. The concentration of MMP-2 and VEGF in serum was significantly increased (P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, the escape latency of treatment group was decreased (P < 0.05) and the frequency of the entering middle ring was increased (P < 0.05). The concentration of MMP-2 and VEGF in serum was decreased (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Shenqi Yizhi Granule could improve the ability of learning and memory of APP/ PS1 double transgenic mice, and decrease the concentration of MMP-2 and VEGF in serum.

11.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 25-28, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698859

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of rotation map of insulin injection site in patients with type 2 diabetes in-sulin intensive therapy.Methods 240 patients with type 2 diabetes hospitalized in the endocrinology department for insulin intensive therapy were enrolled in the study by random sampling method from February to September 2016.The patients were divided into ob-servation group and control group by random digit table, 120 cases in each group. The routine insulin injection method was used to guide the patients in the control group. The patients in the observation group were guided by the rotation map of insulin-injection sites during the hospital stay.In the three months and six months after discharge,the two groups were compared in terms of cutaneous reaction. Result The cutaneous reaction of the insulin injection site in the two groups was compared,showing that the incidences of cutaneous reaction in the observation group were significantly lower than the control group 3 months and 6 months after discharge(P<0.05). Conclusion The rotation map of insulin injection sites can prevent patients from repeatedly injecting insulin and thus reduce the incidence of cutaneous reaction.It is worthy of clinical application.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350218

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) is a kind of metabolic liver injury, which is closely associated with insulin resistance and genetic susceptibility. Traditional Chinese herbs used in the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease are widely investigated in recent years. A series of recent studies show that the effects of the active components in traditional Chinese herbs on NAFLD are associated with activating AMPK signaling pathway, improving insulin resistance, modulating the activity and expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities and regulating intestinal flora. In this review, the potential therapeutic targets of the active components from traditional Chinese herbs for NAFLD would be summarized to provide a new thought for further research and clinical treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2624-2627, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620742

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the preventive and therapeutic effect of Shuganning injection on alcoholic liver fibrosis (ALF) in model rats,and provide experimental basis for its clinical application for alcoholic liver disease. METHODS:50 rats were enrolled and intraperitoneally given mixed liquid of 60% alcohol-corn oil-pyrazole to reduce ALF model. Another 10 rats were enrolled and intraperitoneally given normal saline,as normal control group. After 16 weeks,survived model rats(n=40)were ran-domly divided into model group,positive control group(Anluo huaxian pill 0.75 g/kg,ig),Shuganning injection high-dose,medi-um-dose,low-dose groups(4.8,2.4,1.2 mL/kg,ip),8 in each group. Normal control group and model group were intraperitone-ally injected equal volume of normal saline (5 mL/kg),administration groups were given relevant medicines,once a day,for 8 weeks;and modeling was contiuously conducted at the same time. After administration,body mass of rats was weighed,and the levels of liver function indexes [aspartate aminotransferase(AST),alanine aminotransferase(ALT)] and liver fibrosis indexes [hyal-uronic acid(HA),laminin(LN),type Ⅲ procollagen(PⅢNP),type Ⅳ collagen(Ⅳ-C)] in serum of rats were detected. Liver index of rats was determined and pathological changes of liver tissue were observed. RESULTS:Compared with normal control group,body mass of rats in model group was significantly decreased(P<0.05);liver index,and liver function index,liver fibro-sis index levels in serum were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Liver tissue showed steatosis,hepatocyte vacuoliza-tion,a large number of fibrous tissue deposition around portal areas and other pathological changes. Compared with model group,above-mentioned changes were improved significantly in administration groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS:Shugan-ning injection can obviously improve liver tissue damage of model rats with ALF,showing certain preventive and therapeutic effect on alcoholic liver disease.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693350

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the extraction conditions of Schisandra sphenanthera(SS)seed oil by supercritical CO2ex?traction and identify its components by GC-MS.Methods SS seed oil was used as tested material,response surface methodology was used to optimize the process of supercritical CO2extraction,and GS-MS method was used to analyse SS seed oil composition.Results A model of an equation was established,which could be used to optimize the process parameters of supercritical CO2extraction of SS seed oil. The optimum extraction parameters were as follows:the extraction pressure was 33 MPa,the extraction temperature was 53℃,the extraction time was 90 min,the CO2flow rate was 21.40 ml/min.In this condition,the extraction rate of SS seed oil was 7.97%.The SS seed oil was analyzed by GC-MS,and 23 compounds were identified.In these compounds,(1α,4a.β,8a.α)-1,2,3, 4,4a,5,6,8a-octahydro-7-methyl-4-methylene-1-(1-methylethenyl)-naphthalene,(-)-1,7-dimethyl-7-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-tricyc?lo[2.2.1.0(2,6)]heptane and(R)-2,4a,5,6,7,8-octahydro-3,5,5,9-tetramethyl-1H-(σ-phenyl)cycloheptene had the content of more than 10% and the contents were 27.78%,14.77% and 13.12% respectively.Conclusion This process has high extraction rate, fast speed and simple operation,and can be used for the extraction of SS seed oil.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487123

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the role of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) in the dysfunction of vascular endo-thelial cells exposed to high glucose.METHODS: In human aortic endothelial cells cultured under high-glucose ( 22 mmol/L glucose) medium, nitric oxide ( NO) level, polymorphonuclear neutrophil-endothelial cell adhesion rate, protein level of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 ( ICAM-1) , migration of endothelial cells and Akt/endothelial nitric oxide syn-thase ( eNOS) pathway activation were observed after S1P, sphingosine kinase-1 inhibitor and/or Akt inhibitor treatments. RESULTS:S1P decreased NO level, increased polymorphonuclear neutrophil adhesive rate, enhanced ICAM-1 protein level, and inhibited migration of endothelial cells and activation of Akt/eNOS pathway in endothelial cells cultured under high-glucose condition.Sphingosine kinase-1 inhibitor, which reduced S1P content, significantly improved the above endo-thelial cell function indexes and restored the activation of Akt/eNOS pathway.CONCLUSION: S1P promoted high glu-cose-induced dysfunction of endothelial cells probably by inhibiting the activation of Akt/eNOS signal pathway.Targeting S1P is expected to become one of potential treatment strategies to reduce endothelial cell dysfunction.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486758

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of growth differentiation factor 11 ( GDF11 ) on the expansion of CD8 +memory stem T cells ( Tscm) and to further improve the effect of adoptive immunotherapy.METHODS:Healthy human peripheral blood mononuclear cells ( PBMCs) were isolated by density gradient centrifugation at first.Among the i-solated PBMCs, CD8 +T cells were further purified with MACS microbeads.The CD8 +T cells were then randomly divided into experimental groups and control group.The same volume of different concentrations of GDF11 were added into the ex-perimental groups, and the same volume of PBS solution was added into the control group.Finally, the expansion of Tscm in experimental groups and control group was measured by flow cytometry at several time points.RESULTS:GDF11 sig-nificantly increased the number of Tscm in CD8 +T cells in vitro expansion and also dramatically increased the ratio of Tscm in CD8 +T cells.Furthermore, 400 μg/L GDF11 treatment for 3 weeks was the optimal condition to induce CD8 +Tscm. CONCLUSION:GDF11 effectively increases the number and ratio of Tscm in the CD8 +T cells in cell culture growth, thereby creating a new strategy to further improve the efficiency of adoptive immunotherapy.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854564

ABSTRACT

Objective: To find the new type of structures with protease activated receptor 1 (PAR-1) inhibition from plant ingredients. Methods: Thirty ingredients were docked into PAR-1, and then, docking score, occupied space, hydrogen bonding, and other indicators were used for virtual screening. In vitro platelet aggregation experiments in guinea pig were performed to screen the activities of all ingredients. Results: Virtual screening suggested that T30 and T21 had the prospects to inhibit PAR-1. Experiment screening showed that T21, T5, T28, and T29 have the real inhibitory effects on PAR-1. Combination analyses of virtual and experimental screening suggested the following results. Residue 258 and area III had the key effects. Hydrogen matching was required at area II. Area IV and V regions mainly need hydrophobic match. The hydrogen bonding played an important role in improving the activity. Conclusion: According to the binding mode of control drug, T21 is found. To examine the binding mode of T5, T28, and T29, their experimental activities suggest a novel action mode which provides a new direction to find the PAR-1 antagonist.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1406-1412, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299120

ABSTRACT

Ginsenoside Rb3 (GRb3) is one of the main components in plasma of Panax quinquefolius Saponin of stem and leaf (PQS), which can be into human plasma. Previous studies have found PQS has estrogen-like vascular protective effects. In the present study, we investigated the estrogen-like protective effect of GRb3 on oxidative stress and dysfunction of endothelial cells induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein. The activities of SOD, NOS and the contents of MDA in the cell lysate were examined by enzyme method or spectrophotometry. The NO and ET-1 concentrations in the cell culture supernatant were measured by ELISA method. The iNOS and eNOS mRNA expression were measured by real time RT-PCR, while the phosphorylation levels of Akt was measured by Western blotting. The results showed that GRb3 could enhance the activity of SOD, reduce the content of MDA, increase the level of NOS, NO, ET-1 and iNOS mRNA expression while decrease the eNOS mRNA expression and the phosphorylation level of Akt. These effects were blocked by estrogen receptor antagonist ICI182780. GRb3 can play a role in protecting vascular endothelial cells by estrogen receptors, the protective mechanism is similar to 17-β estrodiol.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Endothelin-1 , Metabolism , Estradiol , Estrogens , Pharmacology , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Humans , Lipoproteins, LDL , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Panax , Chemistry , Phosphorylation , Saponins , Pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452664

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and compare the pathological changes of lung tissue in mice infected with the novel H7N9 influenza virus and 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus, respectively, and to preliminarily study the mecha-nisms of acute lung injury induced by those virus infection .Methods SPF 6-week old BALB/c mice ( body weight 18-20 g, male∶female=1∶1) (n=3 in each subgroup) were intranasally infected with H7N9 virus and H1N1 virus, respec-tively.The behavior and survival time of mice after virus infection were observed and the survival rates were analyzed .The heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, intestines, and brain were collected at indicated time points for histopathological exami-nation using H&E staining .The distribution of virus antigen was detected by immunohistochemistry .The neutrophil infiltra-tion was also observed .The correlation of lung injury with virus replication and host immune responses was analyzed .Re-sults The lung and spleen injury of mice infected with H 7N9 virus was slighter and their survival rate (100%) was high-er than those of mice infected with H1N1 virus.The damages of the lung and spleen in H1N1virus-infected mice were more severe than that in H7N9 virus-infected mice, and all the 10 mice in this group died within 9 days after virus inoculation . The distributions of both the virus antigens were mainly in the bronchial epithelial cells , a few stromal cells and alveolar ep-ithelial cells .The levels of virus replication in the two groups were not significantly different .There were more intense neu-trophil infiltration in the lung and inflammatory response in the H 1N1 virus-infected mice than those in the H7N9 virus-in-fected mice .Conclusions There are some differences of the pathological characteristics and extent of lung injury in the mice infected with H7N9 virus and H1N1 virus, respectively.The virus replication is a precipitating factor but not the deci-sive factor of the lung injury , and there is a close relationship between the host immune responses and acute lung injury .

20.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 282-284,后插4, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598124

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the surgical treatment effect reconstructing calcaneus partial defect with deep iliac circumflex artery illium lamella and sural nerve slap. Methods Sevens of calcaneus fracture with posterior part defect from July 2005 to July 2010 were rehabilitated with deep iliac circumflex artery ilium lamella whose artery were anastomosed to posterior tibial artery and whose skin were repaired with sural nerve slap. Results All patients were obtained follow-up,which ranged from 9 to 30 months with a mean of 19.5 months. Its Bohler angle maintain a range from 35 to 45 degree and foot bridge maintain its figure,as well as perfect skin.According to Maryland grades system,the result were excellent in 3 cases with score 90,good in 2 with score 85 and fair in 2 with score 75. Conclusion It is a perfect method for calcaneus trauma which lose its foot bridge to rehab its figure and function with deep iliac circumflex artery ilium lamella and sural nerve slap.

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