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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 142-145, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862616

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#According to the Healthy China Action Plan, Wuhan gives full play to the role of preventing and controlling student myopia by promoting student health. The primary focus is placed on education in schools, and Wuhan has integrated educational resources to develop a multi-level myopia prevention and control system and service network for school students. The network contains educational adminstrative, schools, families, and professional technical service organizations. By integrating multiple disciplines, Wuhan has built a comprehensive vision health management service system for all students. The Internet and cloud intelligent monitoring facilitated the establishment of a smart vision health management platform for students, which thoroughly and efficiently implemented myopia prevention and control to safeguard students visual health by engaging in education, monitoring, and supervision. The prevention and control of student myopia is a breakthrough for comprehensive healthy development of students. A comparison of the standard myopia rate in Wuhan in 2019 and 2018 revealed that the standard myopia rate at different learning stages of primary school, junior high school, and high school dropped by 3.31, 2.50, and 2.26 percentage points, respectively, and the rate of myopia in primary school was significantly lower than the national level. Post-epidemic surveys showed that the compliance rate and the awareness rate of the visual environment and visual behaviors of primary and secondary school students in Wuhan reached more than 80%, and prevalence of newly onset myopia or decreased vision was 30%, which was lower than the national average. The "Wuhan Model" provides an important referential framework for public health services for school students.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844076

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of individualized contrast administration in improving the enhancement homogeneity in vessels and image quality in coronary CT angiography (CCTA). Methods: Sixty CCTA patients were randomly divided into two groups with different contrast injection protocols: treatment group (n=30) was treated with weight-dependent injection protocol at 22 mg/(g•s) of idion, injection velocity=body mass×22/contrast agent concentration. Control group (n=30) was treated with a different injection protocol. The iodine flow rate in this group was determined by patient body mass index (BMI), iodine flow rate=1.2 g/s, 1.4 g/s and 1.6 g/s. Injection flow rate= iodine flow rate/contrast agent concentration. Theiohexol (350 mg/mL) was used in both groups, and the injection time was fixed at 10 s and contrast agent dose=injection velocity×injection time. The other scanning parameters were the same. The enhancement change rate in AS and the three major arteries was calculated for the patient population. The subjective image quality scores were also compared. Results: The change rates of vascular enhancement at interested blood vessels in treatment group (12.9%, 11.8%, 11.0% and 11.1%, respectively) were significantly lower than those in in control group (23.3%, 18.7%, 16.7% and 20.5%, respectively) (P=0.001). There was no significant difference between the two groups in subjective image quality score (P=0.095). Conclusion: Individualized contrast injection protocol in CCTA can provide us with a more uniform enhancement in coronary arteries, and improve the overall image quality.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665566

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI ) in patients with progressive muscular dystrophy .Methods We enrolled 7 patients with known progressive muscular dystrophy (4 Becker muscle dystrophy ,BMD;3 limb-girdle muscle dystrophy ,LGMD) in this study .Both IVIM ,T1 WI and T2 STIR sequences were performed on both thighs of all the subjects .Slow ADC ,fast ADC and fraction of fast ADC (Ff ) were measured .Tl weighted images were used to assess the fat infiltration of their thigh muscles using a 0-5 modified version of Mercuri's scale .Slow ADC ,fast ADC and fraction of fast ADC (Ff) were compared among the fatty infiltration ,edematous muscle and unaffected muscle (neither edematous nor fatty infiltration muscles in patients ) .One-way analysis of variance was used for statistical analyses with a significance of P < 0 .05 . Results The mean slow ADC value of fatty infiltration . edematous muscle . and unaffected muscle was 0 .75+0.39,1 .14±0 .19,and 1.00±0 .11 (10 -3 mm2/s ) , respectively ( P < 0 .05 ) .The mean fast ADC value in the three groups was 7 .14±6 .51,13 .56±9 .67,and 4 .02±1.89 (10-3 mm2 /s ) , respectively (P< 0 .05 ) . There was no significant difference in the Ff values among the three groups ( P > 0 .05 ) .The mean slow ADC value in different grades of steatosis was 1 .00±0 .11, 0.98±0 .17, and 0 .50±0 .29 (10-3 mm2/s) , respectively ; the slow ADC value in heavy fat infiltration group differed significantly from that in the other two groups( P<0.05 ).Conclusion IVIM-DWI can be used to quantitatively evaluate the thigh diffusion and microcirculation characteristics of muscles in patients with PMD , make a quantitative analysis of edema and steatosis of the muscle .and reflect the degree of muscle steatosis .

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275448

ABSTRACT

Toad venom (Chansu) is prepared from the dried secretion of Bufo bufo gargarizans or B. melanostictus. It is not only one of the famous and expensive traditional Chinese medicines(TCMs) from animal origin, but also one of 28 kinds of toxic TCMs to be required for special management issued by the State Council of the People's Republic of China. Chansu contains the rich bufadienolides and indole alkaloids, and displays various bioactivity including cardiotonic, anti-tumor, analgesia, and local anesthesia. Based on the published references in the recent years, the advance on the identification of adulterants and quality evaluation as well as the influence factors on the quality of toad venom was summarized to improve the quality standards and promote the level of quality control of toad venom and its preparations.

5.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 131-135, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509451

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for determining phenytoin concentration in epilepsy patients' plasma,and compare this method with chemiluminescence microparticle immunoassay (CMIA),and to evaluate the consistency of the two methods.Methods HPLC and CMIA methods were applied to determine the plasma concentration of phenytoin in 60 epileptic patients,respectively.The difference of results was analyzed by two-side paired t-test,and then the correlation and consistency of the two methods were investigated with Passing-Bablok regression and Bland-Altman method.Results There was no significant difference between the results of the two methods (P >0.05).The regression equation of the determination results by HPLC (Y) and CMIA (X) was Y=0.992 9X +0.143 7 (R2 =0.992 6,n =60),which indicated the correlation of the two methods was good.Bland-Altman analysis showed that the consistency of the two methods for determining was good.Conclusion HPLC and CMIA method in monitoring plasma concentration of phenytoin have good correlation and consistency.Both methods can be used for therapeutic drug monitoring of phenytoin.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 944-947, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278295

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study CXCR3 and CCR5 chemokine receptor expression in spleens of patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) and its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The splenectomy specimens from 10 ITP patients (ITP group) and 8 patients with traumatic splenic rupture (normal control group) were studied. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to study the positive rate of CXCR3 and CCR5. Western blot was performed to detect CXCR3 and CCR5 protein expression, while real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was conducted to analyze their mRNA expression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The positive rate of CXCR3 and CCR5 were both higher in ITP group (90% and 100%, respectively) than those in control group (75% and 87.5%, respectively)(P < 0.05). The differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Protein and mRNA level of CXCR3 in ITP group were 3.0 and 3.5 times as high as those in control group, respectively. Those of CCR5 in ITP group were 1.2 and 1.7 times as high as those in control group, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>High expression of CXCR3 and CCR5 may play a part in the splenic immune disorders in patients with ITP.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Case-Control Studies , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Receptors, CCR5 , Metabolism , Receptors, CXCR3 , Metabolism , Spleen , Metabolism , Thrombocytopenia , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337987

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To kinds of establish a HPLC method for determining contents of indole alkaloids and bufadienolides contained in toad medicines, and analyze two kinds of components contained in toad venom, toad skin and toad periostracum.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>As for alkaloids, Nucleosil C18 column was adopted with acetonitrile and water containing 0.5% potassium dihydrogen phosphate (6: 94, adjust pH to 3.2 with phosphate acid) as the mobile phase. The flow rate was 0.8 mL x min(-1), the detection wavelength was 275 nm, and the column temperature was 30 degrees C. As for bufadienolides, Alltima C18 column was adopted with acetonitrile and water containing 0.3% acetic acid (B) as the mobile phase. The gradient process was as follows: a linear gradient from 28% to 54% acetonitrile in the first 15 min, then kept at 54% for additional 20 min. The flow rate was 0.6 mL x min(-1), the detection wavelength was 296 nm, and the column temperature was 30 degrees C.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The linear ranges were 0.079 6-0.796 microg for serotonin, 0.097 2-1.945 microg for N-methylserotonin, 0.074 4-0.744 microg for N,N-dimethylserotonin, 0.103-2.05 microg for N,N,N-trimethylserotonin, and 0.067 2-0.672 microg for bufothionine, respectively. The average recoveries of serotonin and N-methylserotonin were 98.6% and 91.3%, respectively. The linear ranges of gamabufotalin, bufotalin, bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin were 0.004 83-0.614, 0.007 9-1.006, 0.007 95-1.016, 0.009 7-1.24 and 0.009 6-1.22 microg, respectively, and their average recoveries were 101.6%, 102.5%, 101.0%, 99.1% and 98.9%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Toad venom has the highest contents of indole alkaloids and bufadienolides, followed by toad skin, and toad periostracum showed the lowest contents and even no detection result.</p>


Subject(s)
Amphibian Venoms , Chemistry , Animals , Bufanolides , Chemistry , Bufonidae , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Indole Alkaloids , Chemistry , Skin , Chemistry
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251243

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the inhibitory effect of total bufadienolides from toad venom against H22 tumor in mice and preliminarily analyze the structures of the metabolites in tissues.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>HPLC and LC-MS were used for analysis of the chemical composition of TBFs. High, middle and low dosages of TBFs were orally administered or intra-peritoneally injected to H22 tumor-bearing mice for thirteen days. The animals were killed and the tumors were stripped and weighed. The metabolites in the tissues such as heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney, were analyzed by HPLC and LC-MS.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The chemical composition of TBFs were identified by comparison of the retention times with those of reference substances, on-line UV spectra and MS data. Its main components are concerned with gamabufotalin, arenobufagin, bufotalin, resibufagin, cinobufotalin, bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin. TBFs had no obvious influence on body weight of H-22 tumor-bearing mice orally administered and the inhibition rate against tumor were 14.76%, 16.38% and 10.32% for low (5 mg x kg(-1)), middle (10 mg x kg(-1)) and high dosage (20 mg x kg(-1)), respectively. The mice intra-peritoneally injected with middle and high-dose of TBFs gained body weight slower than the control mice on the 5th day and recovered on the 13th day. The inhibition rate against tumor were 17.30%, 19.80% and 40.95% for low (1.5 mg x kg(-1)), middle (3 mg x kg(-1)) and high dose (6 mg x kg(-1)), respectively. The inhibitory effect took on dose-dependent manner. Based on the HPLC analyses on heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney, bufadienolides were found in the liver tissue and 11 compounds of them were tentatively identified by LC-DAD-MS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TBFs by oral administration had no inhibitory effect against H22 tumor in mice, however, TBFs by intra-peritoneal injection displayed the significantly inhibitory effect, accompanying some toxicity for early duration of the study. The identification of bufadienolides in the liver provides a good basis for the further investigation of the metabolic pathways of TBFs in vivo.</p>


Subject(s)
Amphibian Venoms , Chemistry , Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Metabolism , Bufanolides , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drug Administration Routes , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Neoplasm Transplantation
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260521

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the therapeutic effect of moxibustion and exercise comprehensive scheme intervention for children with short stature of deficience of the kidney essence.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty four cases of children in 12 to 14 years old were selected, 12 male and 12 female, they were treated with comprehensive therapy of exercise therapy and moxibustion. Running and jumping were selected as main exercise therapy, it became a suitable exercise amount when the heart rate reach to 150 to 170 times per minute, thrice each week, 35 to 45 minutes each time. After exercises they were treated with moxibustion, Qihai (CV 6), Guanyuan (CV 4), Zusanli (ST 36), Dazhu (BL 11), Xuanzhong (GB 39), Geshu (BL 17) etc. were selected. After treatment for half a year, the changes of the body height, body weight, bone age(BA), growth hormone (GH), testosterone (T) and estradiol (E2) were compared before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The body height and bone age of the boys and girls were significantly higher than those before treatment (all P<0.05), the growth of body height was more than 4 cm, the growth of bone age was more than 0.5 years old in half a year; the testosterone of all children was significantly increased (all P<0.05), and there were no significant differences in body weight, GH and E2 compared to those before treatment (all P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Moxbustion and exercise comprehensive scheme can effectively improve the children with short stature of deficience of the kidney essence, the mechanism is related to the improving of the testosterone level.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Body Height , Child , Estradiol , Metabolism , Exercise Therapy , Female , Growth Disorders , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Human Growth Hormone , Metabolism , Humans , Kidney , Male , Moxibustion , Testosterone , Metabolism , Treatment Outcome
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 402-407, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277840

ABSTRACT

A sensitive and selective liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the determination of betamethasone in human plasma. The analyte was isocratically eluted on a Venusil XBP C8 column (200 mm x 3.9 mm ID, 5 microm) with methanol-water mol x L(-1) ammonium formate) (80:20) at a flow rate of 0.4 mL x min(-1), and detected (containing 5 mmol x L(-1) ammonium formate) (80:20) at a flow rate of 0.4 mL x min(-1), and detected with a triple quad LC-MS/MS using ESI with positive ionization. Ions monitored in the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode were m/z 393.3-->355.2 for betamethasone and m/z 361.3-->343.2 for prednisolone (IS). Betamethasone was extracted from 0.5 mL human plasma with ethyl acetate. The average recovery is 88.24% and the low limit of quantitation (LLOQ) was 0.5 ng x mL(-1). The 3-day validation study demonstrated excellent precision and accuracy across the calibration range of 0.5-80.0 ng x mL(-1). The method was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of compound betamethason injection in healthy Chinese volunteers.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Area Under Curve , Betamethasone , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Chromatography, Liquid , Methods , Humans , Injections, Intramuscular , Male , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Young Adult
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355142

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the antibiotics resistance, aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes and homology of high-level gentamycin resistant enterococcus in clinical specimens.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The high-level gentamicin resistant (HLGR) isolates were screened by the agar method and the resistance of 14 antimicrobial agents was determined by K-B method. The aminoglycoside-modifying enzyme genes were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used to analyze the homology of HLGR isolates.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ratio of HLGR was 64.2% (68/106). Among the HLGR,there were no isolates resistant to linezolid, vancomycin and tecoplanin, and Enterococcus faecium was more resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics and quinolone than Enterococcus faecalis. The positive rate of aac(6')-Ie-aph(2')-Ia was 92.6% and 3 isolates had the resistance gene mostly similar to aph(2')-Id. And among 51 HLGR isolates from the hospitalized patients, PFGE grouped 17 E. faecalis isolates into 4 clusters (A-D), and 33 E. faecium isolates into 8 clusters (A-H) with A cluster as predominant.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HLGR has become the important antibiotic resistance bacteria which results in nosocomial infection; and aac(6')-Ie-aph(2')-Ia is the main aminoglycoside-modifying enzyme gene which causes HLGR.</p>


Subject(s)
Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Genetics , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Enterococcus , Genetics , Enterococcus faecalis , Genetics , Enterococcus faecium , Genetics , Gentamicins , Pharmacology , Humans , Kanamycin Kinase , Genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
12.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-525836

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To prepare compound astragali capsules and to establish its quality control standards.METH?ODS:The qualitation identification of the principal agents like American ginseng and asiatic cornelian cherry fruit were de?termined by TLC;the principal agent-astragalosideⅠin the astragali were identified by HPLC-ELSD.RESULTS:The condition for TLC qualitation was feasible and the spots were clear;good linear relationship was achieved when the detection concentration of astragalosideⅠwas within the range of2.8?g~8.4?g(r=0.9999);the average recovery was99.93%,RSD=1.17%.CONCLUSION:The preparing technique of this preparation was simple and the quality was stable,the quan?titation control method is simple,accurate and with high precision.

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