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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 641-652, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922997

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the management level of medicine list of medical institutions in China ,and help medical institutions build a medicine list of medical institutions with reasonable drug use structure ,standardized adjustment procedures , convenient operation and application and scientific evaluation methods ,so as to meet the needs of clinical rational drug use to the greatest extent ,with the support of the Pharmaceutical Care Professional Committee of the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association , China-Japan Friendship Hospital and the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China (Anhui Provincial Hospital )jointly initiate and complete Guideline for the Evaluation of Medicine List in Chinese Medical Institutions jointly with a number of medical institutions. In strict accordance with the methodological requirements of World Health Organization standard guidelines ,based on the Delphi method ,the guideline formulation working group has constructed the quality evaluation index system and quantitative scoring table of medicine list management in medical institutions from the 5 dimensions of organization and management ,structure,adjustment,application and e valuation of the list. It is used to help medical institutions evaluate the quality of their medicine list management ,so asto play a positive role in the fine management of medicine list in medical institutions.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 969-974, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876737

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To detect the expression of miR-486-3p in human pterygium tissue and normal conjunctival tissue and explore the possible mechanism of miR-486-3p in the development of pterygium. <p>METHODS: Totally 69 patients 69 eyes with primary pterygium treat in Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University and Hankou Aier Eye Hospital from September 2018 to December 2019 were collected by excision of pterygium during surgery(experimental group). At the same time, a total of 69 patients with normal conjunctival tissue of their same eyes were taken as control group during surgery. The relative expression levels of miR-486-3p in the experimental group and the control group were quantitatively detected by RT-PCR. The Targetscan database, miWalk3.0 database and miRDB database were used to predict the potential target genes of miR-486-3p. DAVID database was used to analyse and enrich the function and pathway of the potential target genes of miR-486-3p. The String website performed an interactional analysis of the potential target genes of miR-486-3p. <p>RESULTS: The relative expression level of miR-486-3p in the experimental group(6.183±1.366)×10<sup>-6</sup> was significantly different from that in the control group(7.930±1.394)×10<sup>-5</sup>(<i>P</i><0.0001). By the prediction of their target genes and bioinformatical analysis, a total of 436 potential target genes of miR-486-3p were found. The biological functions were mainly concentrated in the regulation of RNA polymerase II promoter transcription, vesicle-mediated transport, transcriptional regulation and the regulation of DNA-dependent RNA metabolism. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)pathway was mainly enriched in the Axon guidance pathway and lysosomal pathway. And the Axon guidance pathway might play an important regulatory role in the occurrence and development of pterygium. PPI network analysis further elucidated that the key genes of ABL1 and PLXNA1(cell protein receptor A1)play an important role in the Axon guidance pathway for pterygium. <p>CONCLUSION: MiR-486-3p might be involved in the occurrence and development of pterygium through SLIT(neuro-targeting factor)/Robo(rotatory guide receptor)and SEMA3A(neuro-guiding factor Semaphorin 3A)/ PLXNA1 of Axon guidance pathways, which resulted in the abnormal new blood vessels of pterygium.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 799-807, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876521

ABSTRACT

Autophagy, an evolutionarily conserved process by which components of the cell are degraded in lysosomes, may facilitate survival of cancer cells under stress conditions. 8-Azaguanine (8-AG), an inhibitor of purine nucleotide biosynthesis, shows antineoplastic activity in multiple tumor cells. However, chemoresistance has restricted its development as an anticancer agent, and the mechanism of 8-AG resistance is not fully understood. We report here that 8-AG induces a protective autophagy to eliminate its cytotoxicity, and inhibition of autophagy increases cellular sensitivity of cancer cells to 8-AG treatment. Using HepG2 or SMMC-7721 hepatic cancer cell lines, we found that 8-AG inhibited cell viability and induced intrinsic apoptosis, accompanied by the up-regulation of the pro-apoptotic protein BimS, one of Bim (also known as BCL-2-like protein 11, BCL2L11) isoforms. Furthermore, 8-AG treatment enhanced the autophagy flux by promoting the dephosphorylation and activation of Unc-51-like autophagy activating kinase 1 (ULK1) via Akt/mTORC1 (mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1) signaling inhibition. Depletion of autophagy-related gene 7 (ATG7) markedly enhanced the level of BimS, and promoted cell death in response to 8-AG. 8-AG in combination with autophagy inhibitor chloroquine (CQ) or bafilomycin A1 (Baf A1) promoted the 8-AG-induced apoptosis in hepatic cancer cells. Altogether, these findings suggest that autophagy promotes chemoresistance of cancer cells for 8-AG, and blocking autophagy increases cellular sensitivity of cancer cells to 8-AG treatment.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 595-601, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873675

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To mine t he data of adverse even ts of 7 kinds of commonly used fluid therapy drugs (normal Ringer ’ s solution ,Ringer’s lactate solution ,Ringer’s acetate solution ,hydroxyethyl starch ,succinylated gelatin ,dextran and human albumin) based on FAERS database of FDA ,in order to provide reference for carrying out fluid therapy in clinic safely. METHODS:Data from the first quarter of 2004 to the fourth quarter of 2019(64 quarters)in FAERS database were downloaded. After data cleaning ,adverse drug event report cases related to 7 kinds of fluid therapy drug as the primary and secondary suspected drugs were extracted ,and ADR signal was mined by using the reporting odds ratio method (ROR)and the proportional reporting ratio method (PRR). RESULTS :A total of 2 383 adverse event reports were extracted ,including 26 reports(1.09%)of normal Ringer’s solution ,479 reports(20.10%)of Ringer ’s lactate solution ,65 reports(2.73%)of Ringer ’s acetate solution ,256 reports (10.74%)of hydroxyethyl starch ,79 reports(3.32%)of succinylated gelatin ,154 reports(6.46%)of dextran ,1 324 reports (55.56%)of human albumin. Totally 879 cases(36.89%)were male and 985 cases(41.33%)were female ,the rest were unknown. The main age was 18-64 years old (950 cases,39.87%);most of the reporters were doctors (634 cases,26.60%). Totally 382 cases(16.03%)died. Among the adverse event reports of fluid therapy drugs ,70 cases(14.61%)administered Ringer ’s lactated solution and 259 cases(19.56%)administered human albumin died. Among them ,the top three adverse events in the number of reports were immune system diseases ,heart organ diseases ,vascular and lymphatic diseases. CONCLUSIONS :ADRs of fluid therapy drugs are mainly related to immune system and heart organ. In the process of them ,especially for patients with allergic history and heart disease ,patients’volume indicators should be closely monitored ;during fluid therapy ,especially during the use of colloids , great importance should be attached to renal and urinary system related adverse events , and renal function should be closely monitored .

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888088

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine injections combined with antiviral wes-tern medicine in the treatment of influenza by Bayesian network Meta-analysis. Four Chinese databases(CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM) and three English databases(PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library) were retrieved by computer for randomized controlled trials(RCT) about the comparison between the combined administration of traditional Chinese medicine injections with antiviral western medicine(or with placebo) and the single administration of antiviral western medicine in the treatment of influenza, or the comparison between two different traditional Chinese medicine injections combined with antiviral western medicine in the treatment of influenza. The retrieval time was from the establishment of the databases to July 2020. Two researchers independently screen out the literatures and extracted the data according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The included studies were evaluated by the Cochrane 5.1 bias risk assessment tool, and data analysis was conducted by ADDIS 1.16.8 and Stata 14.0. A total of 49 literatures about 5 061 cases were included finally, involving six traditional Chinese medicine injections, namely Reduning Injection, Xiyanping Injection, Tanreqing Injection, Yanhuning Injection, Qingkailing Injection and Shuanghuanglian Injection. The results of network Meta-analysis,(1)in terms of total effective rate, 6 traditional Chinese medicine injections combined with antiviral western medicine was better than antiviral western medicine alone. In terms of probability sorting, Shuanghuanglian Injection combined with antiviral western medicine ranked first.(2)There was no significant statistical difference in adverse reaction rate among all groups, but Reduning Injection ranked first in the probability sorting, due to the least side effects.(3)In terms of antipyretic time, Yanhuning Injection, Xiyanping Injection and Tanreqing Injection combined with antiviral western medicine was better than antiviral western medicine alone and Xiyanping Injection ranked first in the probability sorting.(4)In terms of cough relief time, Qingkailing Injection and Tanreqing Injection combined with antiviral western medicine was better than antiviral western medicine alone and Qingkailing Injection was superior to Yanhuning Injection. Qingkailing Injection combined with antiviral western medicine ranked first in the probability sorting.(5)In terms of the length of hospital stay, Xiyanping Injection, Tanreqing Injection and Reduning Injection combined with antiviral western medicine was superior to antiviral western medicine alone, and Reduning Injection ranked first in the probability sorting due to the shortest hospital stay. Because of the small quantity and low quality of included studies, the results of this study shall be regarded cautiously and comprehensively. In the future, multi-center, large-sample and clinical randomized controlled trials shall be conducted to verify the results.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Bayes Theorem , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Influenza, Human/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887974

ABSTRACT

Overtaking lung cancer,breast cancer is now the most commonly diagnosed cancer seriously threatening people's health and life. As the main effective component of Tripterygium wilfordii,triptolide( TP) has attracted increasing attention due to its multitarget and multi-pathway anti-tumor activity. Recent studies have revealed that breast cancer-sensitive TP enables the inactivation of breast cancer cells by inducing tumor cell apoptosis and autophagy,interfering in tumor cell metastasis,resisting drug resistance,arresting tumor cell cycle,and influencing tumor microenvironment. It has been recognized as a promising clinical antitumor agent by virtue of its widely accepted therapeutic efficacy. This paper reviewed the anti-breast cancer action and its molecular mechanisms of TP on the basis of the relevant literature in the past ten years,and proposed application strategies in view of the inadequacy of TP to provide a reference for further research on the application of TP in the treatment of breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Diterpenes/pharmacology , Epoxy Compounds , Female , Humans , Phenanthrenes , Tumor Microenvironment
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 281-291, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878037

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Conventional pressure support ventilation (PSP) is triggered and cycled off by pneumatic signals such as flow. Patient-ventilator asynchrony is common during pressure support ventilation, thereby contributing to an increased inspiratory effort. Using diaphragm electrical activity, neurally controlled pressure support (PSN) could hypothetically eliminate the asynchrony and reduce inspiratory effort. The purpose of this study was to compare the differences between PSN and PSP in terms of patient-ventilator synchrony, inspiratory effort, and breathing pattern.@*METHODS@#Eight post-operative patients without respiratory system comorbidity, eight patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and obvious restrictive acute respiratory failure (ARF), and eight patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and mixed restrictive and obstructive ARF were enrolled. Patient-ventilator interactions were analyzed with macro asynchronies (ineffective, double, and auto triggering), micro asynchronies (inspiratory trigger delay, premature, and late cycling), and the total asynchrony index (AI). Inspiratory efforts for triggering and total inspiration were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Total AI of PSN was consistently lower than that of PSP in COPD (3% vs. 93%, P = 0.012 for 100% support level; 8% vs. 104%, P = 0.012 for 150% support level), ARDS (8% vs. 29%, P = 0.012 for 100% support level; 16% vs. 41%, P = 0.017 for 150% support level), and post-operative patients (21% vs. 35%, P = 0.012 for 100% support level; 15% vs. 50%, P = 0.017 for 150% support level). Improved support levels from 100% to 150% statistically increased total AI during PSP but not during PSN in patients with COPD or ARDS. Patients' inspiratory efforts for triggering and total inspiration were significantly lower during PSN than during PSP in patients with COPD or ARDS under both support levels (P < 0.05). There was no difference in breathing patterns between PSN and PSP.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PSN improves patient-ventilator synchrony and generates a respiratory pattern similar to PSP independently of any level of support in patients with different respiratory system mechanical properties. PSN, which reduces the trigger and total patient's inspiratory effort in patients with COPD or ARDS, might be an alternative mode for PSP.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01979627; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT01979627.


Subject(s)
Cross-Over Studies , Humans , Prospective Studies , Respiration , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory System , Ventilators, Mechanical
8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 778-782, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907523

ABSTRACT

Obesity is an independent risk factor for many chronic diseases, which seriously affects the quality of life and physical and mental health of patients, and is a serious public health problem facing society. Obesity research is the focus and difficulty of current medical research. At present, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass surgery have become important ways to treat obesity, but the specific mechanism is still unclear. In recent years, research on obesity-related genes has made certain progress. The link between surgery and obesity gene expression is gradually being discovered. Different gene functions such as energy intake and consumption and fat storage by fat cells have also derived different treatment methods. This article will summarize the research on obesity genes.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the material basis and potential molecular mechanism of Epimedii Folium against osteoporosis. Method:The chemical components in 14 batches of Epimedii Folium were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). With the activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) as the pharmacodynamic index,the partial least squares regression analysis (PLSR) was conducted to establish a model uncovering the spectrum-effect relationship between UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS spectral peak and ALP activity and screen the active components against osteoporosis. Online databases such as the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP),Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD),Database for Annotation,Visualization,and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) and Cytoscape 3.6.1 were employed to predict the possible mechanism of action of Epimedii Folium against osteoporosis. Result:A total of 61 peaks and 56 compounds were identified by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. PLSR showed that icariin,baohuoside Ⅰ,epimedin A,sagittatoside A,and baohuoside Ⅱ might be the active components for Epimedii Folium to inhibit osteoporosis considering their strong correlation with ALP activity. As revealed by the network pharmacological analysis of the five components mentioned above,Epimedii Folium<italic> </italic>mainly regulated seven targets such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF),androgen receptor (AR),and estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) and eight key pathways like endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption,vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway,and transient receptor potential (TRP) channels to exert its anti-osteoporosis effect. Conclusion:The exploration of material basis and potential molecular mechanism of Epimedii Folium against osteoporosis based on UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS,spectrum-effect relationship,and network pharmacology has provided an experimental basis for the scientific explanation and clinical application of Epimedii Folium in treating osteoporosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884558

ABSTRACT

Objective:The investigate the roles and significance of HIF-1α and CYPJ in tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell (TSCC), and further evaluate the regulatory effect of hyperthermia (HT) on HIF-1α and CYPJ in TSCC cells.Methods:Eighty samples of cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues from TSCC patients were collected. The expression levels of HIF-1α and CYPJ were detected by immunohistochemistry, Western blotting (WB) and fluorescence quantitative PCR, and the relationship between the expression levels of HIF-1α and CYPJ and clinicopathological characteristics was further analyzed. The expression levels of HIF-1α and CYPJ in Cal-27 cells under normoxic and hypoxic conditions for 24 h when combined with HT (42℃), chemotherapy and both were detected by qPCR and WB. Cell migration was detected by cell scratch test and cell apoptosis was measured by flow cytometry.Results:The expression levels of HIF-1α and CYPJ proteins in the tumor tissues of TSCC patients were higher than those in the adjacent normal tissues, which were significantly correlated with tumor size, TNM stage, differentiation degree and lymph node metastasis in TSCC patients (all P<0.05), whereas they were not correlated with gender or age (all P>0.05). The expression levels of HIF-1α and CYPJ in Cal-27 cells were significantly up-regulated in the hypoxic microenvironment (both P<0.05), which were also significantly enhanced by hyperthermia alone (both P<0.05). Compared with hyperthermia or chemotherapy alone, hyperthermia combined with chemotherapy significantly inhibited the expression of HIF-1α and CYPJ, suppressed cell migration and promoted cell apoptosis (all P<0.05). Conclusions:HIF-1α and CYPJ may be potential biomarkers for TSCC tumorigenicity and prognosis. In addition, tumor recurrence after hyperthermia may be due to the role of hyperthermia in triggering HIF-1α expression, which promotes the growth and survival of tumor cells adaptive to hyperthermia treatment by activating the downstream target genes, while hyperthermia combined with chemotherapy may be a promising treatment for TSCC.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884515

ABSTRACT

Metabolic reprogramming is a malignancy hallmark, which refers to the ability of cancer cells to alter metabolic and nutrient acquisition modes in order to support the energy demands for accomplishing the rapid growth, dissemination, metastasis and obtain the "building blocks" needed to maintain cell division. When solid tumors are exposed to low pH, low oxygen and tumor microenvironment with nutrient deficiencies, the hypoxia-inducible factor-1 can be activated, which mediates the remodeling of metabolic patterns in tumor cells, namely, energy is obtained by circulating intracellular components (removing substrates such as proteins and lipid) or by utilizing adaptive metabolic reprogramming (such as glycolysis, autophagy and lipid metabolism, etc.). As a treatment scheme based on local heating of tumors, hyperthermia has a variety of anticancer mechanisms and can be used in combination with radiotherapy, chemotherapy and biological immune therapy. In this review, we briefly discussed the metabolic remodeling model mediated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1 in a hypoxia microenvironment, described the possible regulatory mechanism of hyperthermia on hypoxia-inducible factor-1 and prospected the application of hyperthermia in oral and maxillofacial tumors.

12.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 361-367, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884400

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features, risk factors, treatment and prognosis of dermatomyositis (DM) patients with positive anti-melanoma differentiation associated gene 5(MDA5) antibody with rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RPILD).Methods:The clinical data of 88 DM patients from June 2019 to June 2020, at the rheumatology department of Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital were collected and retrospectively analyzed. T-test, non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test, Chi-squared test, Fisher exact probability and Logistics regression analysis were used for data analysis. Results:① 37%(36/88) DM patients were positive for anti-MDA5 antibody. The frequency of ulcerative rash, Gottron's sign, arthritis, clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was significantly higher in patients with anti-MDA5 antibody ( P<0.05). The cell count of white blood cell, neutrophil, lymphocyte, and serum creatine kinase (CK) level were significantly lower in the anti-MDA5 antibody positive group than those in the negative group ( P<0.05). Of anti-MDA5 antibody positive DM patients, 100% developed ILD, 34% (11/32)developed RP-ILD, 16%(5/32) died, which were significantly higher than those of anti-MDA5 antibody negative patients ( P<0.05). ② Of anti-MDA5 antibody positive DM patients, the C reactive protein (CRP) level, positive rate of anti-Ro-52 antibody and mortality rate were significantly higher RPILD group than those in the non-RPILD group [15.70(4.49, 29.00) vs 3.22 (1.66, 7.15), Z=-2.440, P=0.014; 91% vs 43%, P=0.011; 46% vs 0, P=0.002]. Logistics regression analysis indicated that positive anti-Ro-52 antibody [ OR=4.561, 95% CI (1.797, 11.580), P=0.001] might be a risk factor for anti-MDA5 antibody positive DM-RPILD. ③ Among patients with anti-MDA5 antibody with RPILD, serum ferritin and D-dimer level was significantly higher and oxygenation index was significantly lower in the non-survival group than those in the survival group [1 931 (1 377, 7 379) vs 638(196, 876), Z=-2.556, P=0.009; 2 760(1 995, 4 854) vs 985(533, 1 588), Z=-2.379, P=0.017; 230(140, 256) vs 309(262, 382), Z=2.191, P=0.030]. In addition, the delayed intensive treatment time was significantly longer in the non-survival group than those in the survival group [(14.0±2.6) vs (4.5±1.4), t=7.899, P<0.01]. Furthermore, the proportion of combined therapy with two disease modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARDs) was significantly lower in the non-survival group than those in the survival group (0 vs 83%, P=0.015). Conclusion:Anti-MDA5 antibody may be associ-ated with characteristic clinical manifestations of DM, ILD, RPILD and high mortality rate. Positive anti-Ro-52 antibody may be a risk factor for anti-MDA5 antibody positive DM-RPILD. High serum ferritin and D-dimer level and low oxygenation index in RPILD patients may be associated with poor prognosis. Early treatment with two DMARDs may improve the prognosis of RPILD.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881062

ABSTRACT

Triptolide (TP), an active component of Tripterygium wilfordiiHook. f. (TWHF), has been widely used for centuries as a traditional Chinese medicine. However, the clinical application of TP has been restricted due to multitarget toxicity, such as hepatotoxicity. In this study, 28 days of oral TP administration (100, 200, or 400 μg·kg

14.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 572-579, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922376

ABSTRACT

Programmed DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are necessary for meiosis in mammals. A sufficient number of DSBs ensure the normal pairing/synapsis of homologous chromosomes. Abnormal DSB repair undermines meiosis, leading to sterility in mammals. The DSBs that initiate recombination are repaired as crossovers and noncrossovers, and crossovers are required for correct chromosome separation. Thus, the placement, timing, and frequency of crossover formation must be tightly controlled. Importantly, mutations in many genes related to the formation and repair of DSB result in infertility in humans. These mutations cause nonobstructive azoospermia in men, premature ovarian insufficiency and ovarian dysgenesis in women. Here, we have illustrated the formation and repair of DSB in mammals, summarized major factors influencing the formation of DSB and the theories of crossover regulation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromosome Segregation , DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded , DNA Repair/physiology , Humans , Mammals/genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828377

ABSTRACT

To optimize the formulation and preparation process of icaritin-coix seed oil microemulsion(IC-MEs) based on quality by design(QbD) concept. IC-MEs were prepared by water titration. Firstly, the risk factors that may affect the quality of IC-MEs were evaluated. Then Plackett-Burman design was used to screen out prescription factors and process parameters that had a significant effect on the indicators. Finally, Box-Behnken design was used to optimize the prescription ratio of IC-MEs. Through the risk assessment and Plackett-Burman design, three formulation factors [drug loading efficiency, the ratio of mixed-oil(coix seed oil-Glycerol tributyrate) to mixed-surfactant(HS15-RH40) and water addition] were determined as the key factors affecting IC-MEs. The regression model established by Box-Behnken design had a good predictability. The optimal formula was as following: the drug loading efficiency of 0.92%, the ratio of mixed-oil(coix seed oil-glycerol tributyrate) to mixed-surfactant(HS15-RH40) of 4∶6, and the water addition of 5.7 mL. According to this prescription, IC-MEs were prepared, and its encapsulation efficiency after 1 week was 92.45%±1.00%. Therefore, the stability of IC-MEs could be improved by optimizing prescription and process parameters of IC-MEs based on the QbD concept, which can provide certain reference value for the future development of IC-MEs.


Subject(s)
Coix , Emulsions , Flavonoids , Plant Oils
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 722-725, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815768

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To analyze changes in objective visual quality before and after femtosecond laser <i>in situ</i> keratomileusis(FS-LASIK)and smart pulse technology-assisted transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy(SMART).<p>METHODS: Prospective study. We collected 50 cases(100 eyes)treated with FS-LASIK(FS-LASIK group)and another 50 cases(100 eyes)treated with SMART(SMART group)from the Ophthalmology Department of our hospital between October 2018 and December 2018 using Optical Quality Analysis System(OQAS)to measure objective scatter index(OSI), modulation transfer function cut off frequency(MTF cut off), strehl ratio(SR)before and after surgery.<p>RESULTS: In the FS-LASIK and SMART groups, the OSI values were higher in the 1 and 3mo after surgery, whereas the MTF cut off and SR were lower in the 1 and 3mo after surgery(<i>P</i><0.05). There was no statistical difference between the two groups in the objective visual quality index before and after 1mo(<i>P</i>>0.05). However, after 3mo, the OSI value of the FS-LASIK group was higher than the SMART group(0.88±0.28 <i>vs</i> 0.70±0.27, <i>P</i><0.001), whereas the SR was lower than SMART group(0.21±0.05 <i>vs</i> 0.24±0.05, <i>P</i>=0.002).<p>CONCLUSION: Both FS-LASIK and SMART caused an increase in the intraocular scattering index and a decrease in objective visual quality. However, the visual quality of the SMART group was generally better than that of the FS-LASIK group, and long-term visual quality was more dominant.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872993

ABSTRACT

Objective::To compare the adsorption characteristics of different macroporous adsorption resins for the total flavonoids in Epimedii Folium, clarify the adsorption mechanism, and screen the optimal resin for the purification of total flavonoids in Epimedii Folium. Method::Taking the adsorption and desorption capacities of the total flavonoids in Epimedii Folium and five representative flavonoids (epimedin A, epimendin B, epimendin C, icariin, baohuoside Ⅰ) as indexes, static adsorption and dynamic adsorption experiments were conducted to compare the adsorption characteristics of five macroporous including HPD100, HPD600, AB-8, X-5 and D101.The adsorption kinetics of the selected resin was studied by using the pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order kinetic models and intraparticle diffusion model, and the thermodynamic process was analyzed by using the Langmuir and Freundlich isothermal adsorption models, which explored the adsorption mechanism of resin from the perspective of physical chemistry. Result::HPD100 macroporous resin had a better adsorption and desorption properties than the others. The adsorption process of HPD100 macroporous resin for total flavonoids in Epimedii Folium and five representative flavonoids conformed to the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The adsorption thermodynamic process of HPD100 resin for total flavonoids of Epimedii Folium conformed to the Freundlich model, and for the sum of five representative flavonoids conformed to the Langmuir model. The adsorption process of HPD100 resin for total flavonoids in Epimedii Folium was the exothermic process dominated by physical adsorption, and the optimal adsorption temperature was 25 ℃. Conclusion::HPD100 macroporous resin has large adsorption capacity, easy desorption and clear adsorption mechanism, it is suitable for isolation and purification of total flavonoids in Epimedii Folium.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871138

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) combined with donepezil on the cognition of persons with post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) and their ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL).Methods:A total of 106 PSCI patients were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group using a random number table. Those in the observation group received 10Hz rTMS (5 seconds on and 25 seconds off for 20 minutes daily) and donepezil daily, 5 days per week for 4 weeks, while those in the control group were provided with donepezil but only sham rTMS on the same schedule. Before and after 4 weeks of treatment, the Montreal cognitive assessment scale (MoCA), the Rivermead behavior memory test (RBMT) and the modified Barthel index (MBI) were used to evaluate the subjects′ cognitive functioning, memory capacity and ADL ability. The latency and amplitude of auditory event-related potential P300 were also assessed using a myoelectric evoked potential apparatus.Results:After the treatment, improvement was observed in all the measurements of both groups. After the treatment, the average MoCA, RBMT and MBI scores, as well as the latency and amplitude of P300 in the observation group were all significantly better than among the control group.Conclusions:rTMS can supplement donepezil′s ability to improve the cognition and ADL ability of persons with PSCI. Such therapy is worthy of clinical promotion and application.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868744

ABSTRACT

With the in-depth study of tumor hyperthermia and tumor immune microenvironment (TIME), the role of hyperthermia in TIME has captivated increasing attention from scholars in recent years. Based upon recent research progress at home and abroad, the effect and mechanism of hyperthermia on several major immune cells and immune-related cytokines in the TIME were reviewed in this article. Comprehensive and deep understanding of the regulation of hyperthermia on the TIME could provide new ideas and methods for tumor treatment.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879496

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen for Vel- rare blood type donors and determine the frequency of SMIM1 c.64_80del allele in Yili Prefecture of Xinjiang, China.@*METHODS@#DNA pooling and PCR-sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) was conducted to screen individuals carrying the SMIM1 c.64_80del variant, and Sanger sequencing of SMIM1 exon 3 was carried out to verify the genotype of those with the variation. SMIM1 intron 2 was also sequenced to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that may affect the expression of Vel antigen.@*RESULTS@#Among 3328 blood donors, 14 were identified as heterozygotes for the SMIM1 c.64_80del allele, its allele frequency was 0.21%; no homozygous SMIM1 c.64_80 deletions was found. For SNP rs1175550, all of the 14 individuals had an AA genotype, among whom 5 carried heterozygous 7111ins GCA variant in intron 2.@*CONCLUSION@#The allelic frequency of SMIM1 c.64_80del in Yili area is approximately 0.21%, which is reported for the first time.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Blood Group Antigens/genetics , China , Gene Frequency , Genetic Variation/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics
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