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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 467-473, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922925

ABSTRACT

To simultaneously determine the contents of p-coumaric acid, chlorogenic acid, 5-caffeoylquinic acid, 4-caffeoylquinic acid, caffeic acid and ferulic acid in Imperatae Rhizoma concentrated granules, an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) with two internal references method (TIRM) was established and validated. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a ZORBAX RRHD Eclipse Plus C18 column (2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.8 µm) using 1.7 mmol·L-1 oxalic acid in water and methanol as mobile phase. The flow rate was 0.4 mL·min-1 and the column temperature was set as 35 ℃. The relative correction factors (RCFs) of caffeic acid and ferulic acid using p-coumaric acid as internal reference were calculated and the RCFs of 4-caffeoylquinic acid and 5-caffeoylquinic acid were calculated using chlorogenic acid as the internal reference. The TIRM was fully validated for linearity, accuracy, repeatability, stability and recovery so that it could be compared with the external standard method (ESM). The RCFs of 5-caffeoylquinic acid, 4-caffeoylquinic acid, caffeic acid, and ferulic acid were 1.069, 1.022, 1.368, and 1.493, respectively. The TIRM and ESM were used to determine the contents of six ingredients in Imperatae Rhizoma concentrated granules from different manufacturers and the variation between results was within acceptable limits. In conclusion, the newly established TIRM allowed simultaneous determination of six ingredients (p-coumaric acid, chlorogenic acid, 5-caffeoylquinic acid, 4-caffeoylquinic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid) in Imperatae Rhizoma concentrated granules, providing support for the quality control of this traditional Chinese medicine.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 331-342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922912

ABSTRACT

Ionic liquids (ILs) are liquid mixtures formed by anions and cations in a certain stoichiometric ratio under certain conditions. They are widely used in various fields because of their simple preparation process, low volatility, high stability, high conductivity and non-flammability. Here, we firstly introduce their formation principles, classification, and physical and chemical properties in detail. Then, we summarize their functions in pharmaceutical preparations, such as improving the solubility of insoluble drugs, enhancing the stability of drugs, and promoting the permeability of drugs, as well as their role as active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) to fabricate new drug delivery systems of API-ILs. Finally, we reviewed the applications of ILs in different administration routes, including oral, transdermal, mucosal, and injection routes, and meanwhile offer perspectives for the further use of ILs.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922565

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of Tangshen Formula (, TSF), a Chinese herbal medicine, on interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in the colon of diabetic rats.@*METHODS@#Fifty-four male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control (NC, n=14) and high-fat diet (HFD) groups (n=40). After 6 weeks, the rats in the HFD group were injected intraperitoneally streptozotocin once (30 mg/kg). Thirty rats with fasting blood glucose higher than 11.7 mmol/L were randomly divided into diabetes (DM) and TSF groups, 15 rats in each group. Rats in the NC and DM groups were intragastrically administered with saline, and those in the TSF group were given with TSF (2.4 g/kg) once daily for 20 weeks. Expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2, and caspase-3 in colonic smooth muscle layer were measured by Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining. The number of ICC was determined by immunohistochemical staining. Immunofluorescence was used for analyzing the ratio of classically activated macrophages (M1) and alternatively activated macrophages (M2) to total macrophages. Electron microscopy was used to observe the epithelial ultrastructure and junctions.@*RESULTS@#TSF appeared to partially prevented loss of ICC in DM rats (P<0.05). Compared with the NC group, expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3, and TNF-α as well as the ratio of M1 to total macrophages increased in DM rats (all P<0.05), and the ratio of M2 to total macrophages decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the DM group, TSF decreased the expression levels of abovementioned proteins and restore M2 to total macrophages ratio (P<0.05 or P<0.01). TSF appeared to attenuate the ultrastructural changes of epithelia and improve the tight and desmosome junctions between epithelia reduced in the DM rats.@*CONCLUSION@#Reduced number of ICC in DM rats may be associated with damage of the intestinal barrier. The protective effects of TSF on ICC may be through repair of the epithelial junctions, which attenuates inflammation and inflammation-initiated apoptosis in colon of DM rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colon , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Male , Rats , Rats, Wistar
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880465

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Based on the TGAM PCB module, a system of emotion control using audio-visual feedback is designed.@*METHODS@#TGAM collects EEG information through the electrode in contact with the forehead skin. The system analyzes the user's emotion through the STM32F103ZET6 of the main control chip, and finally controls the control end of the system to regulate the user's emotion.@*RESULTS@#It can be seen from the test results that the system can precisely recognize the user's emotions, and at the same time effectively adjust the user's emotions from both audio-visual aspects.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The system has high recognition accuracy and good adjustment effect.


Subject(s)
Emotional Regulation , Emotions , Recognition, Psychology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880157

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of red cell distribution width (RDW), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and hemoglobin (Hb) A2 combined determination scheme for screening thalassemia.@*METHODS@#The RDW levels of thalassemia group and healthy control group were detected and compared. The efficiency of RDW for screening thalassemia was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The diagnostic cut-off value of RDW was also acquired by Youden index. Then, 3 groups for thalassemia screening scheme were set, including MCV+MCH+HBA @*RESULTS@#The RDW level in thalassemia group was significantly higher than that in healthy control group (P15.15, when the Youden index was the biggest among all data. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, false negative rate and consistency rate of MCV+MCH+RDW(>15.15)+HBA @*CONCLUSION@#The diagnostic cut-off value of RDW for thalassemia screening has been established. The group of MCV(<82.0 fl)+MCH(<27.0 pg)+HBA


Subject(s)
Erythrocyte Indices , Hemoglobin A2/analysis , Humans , Mass Screening , Research , Thalassemia/diagnosis
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879961

ABSTRACT

To establish a rabbit model of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type9 () point mutation with CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technique. According to the PubMed gene protein data, the PCSK9 protein functional regions of human and rabbit were analyzed by Blast. The 386S (Ser) amino acid functional region of human gene was homologous to the 485S of rabbit gene. Three small guide RNAs and one single-stranded donor oligonucleotide were designed according to the 485S base substitution position and sequence analysis of rabbit gene. The synthetic small guide RNAs, Cas9 mRNA and single-stranded donor oligonucleotide were co-injected into the cytoplasm of rabbit fertilized eggs and the embryos were transferred into the pregnant rabbits. PCR, TA cloning and off-target analysis were performed on the F0 rabbits to identify whether the PCSK9 mutation was successful. Fifteen F0 rabbits were obtained. The sequencing results showed that one of them was PCSK9 point mutation homozygote and two of them were PCSK9 point mutation heterozygotes, and the mutation could be stably inherited. The rabbit model of PCSK9 point mutation was successfully constructed by CRISPR/Cas9 technique, which provides an animal model for exploring the molecular mechanism of impaired PCSK9 function and developing reliable and effective diagnosis and treatment measures.


Subject(s)
Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Mutation , Point Mutation , Proprotein Convertase 9/metabolism , Rabbits
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905322

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the quality of rehabilitation medical service in tertiary general hospitals in Gansu Province. Methods:Stratified sampling was used to sample tertiary general hospitals in Gansu Province for on-site surveys in 2017. A quality evaluation index system was established in the view of medical service providers, including 17 indicators, based on Donabedian model and experts' opinions. Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) and Rank-sum Ratio were applied to make a comprehensive evaluation on the overall service quality of the hospital rehabilitation medical service. Results:A total of 27 tertiary general hospitals were sampled, in 13 cities/prefectures of Gansu Province. For the structure quality, the compliance rate of the business operation area and the number of beds in the rehabilitation medicine department were 77.78% and 51.85% respectively; while the compliance rates of the physicians, therapists and nurses were all less than 50%. For the process and results quality, the compliance rates were all more than 85%. For the overall quality of rehabilitation medical service, five hospitals were classified as Good, located in Lanzhou, Tianshui and Jiayuguan; 18 hospitals were classified as Medium, located in Longnan, Longdong, Lanzhou and surround, Linxia and Hexi regions; four hospitals classified as Poor, located in Lanzhou and Tianshui. Conclusion:The overall quality of rehabilitation services in the tertiary general hospitals of Gansu Province needs to be improved, and the development of rehabilitation services is uneven in various regions. Comprehensive evaluation provides an important reference to promote the rational distribution of rehabilitation medical resources and improve the quality of rehabilitation medical services.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905078

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the grade evaluation method for Codonopsis Radix slices based relative quality constants, in order to provide scientific theoretical basis for grading of Codonopsis Radix slices. Method:Through literature and market research,the main production areas of Codonopsis Radix slices were determined,and 67 batches of Ludangshen slices(52 batches) and Baitiaodang slices (15 batches) were collected. The appearance traits (average quality and average thickness of Codonopsis Radix slices) were observed and measured. According to Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015 edition), the extract and the content of Codonopsis pilosula polysaccharide was determined by phenol-sulphoacid method. Then the relative quality constant was calculated,and the results of grade evaluation were evaluated through systematic cluster analysis and correlation analysis. Result:Relative quality constants of 67 batches of Codonopsis Radix slices were between 0.32-2.97. If these samples were divided into three grades:the first-grade relative quality constants were greater than or equal to 2.08,the second grade was greater than or equal to 0.89 but less than 2.08,while the third grade was less than 0.89. The results of systematic cluster analysis showed that 67 batches of Codonopsis Radix slices were clustered into 3 categories,and the results were basically consistent with the classification. The correlation analysis showed a positive correlation between the content of the extracts and the polysaccharide content (P<0.05). Conclusion:This method links the extrinsic characteristics to the intrinsic quality,and objectively grade Codonopsis Radix slices, so as to provide a basis for its grade standards.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 462-466, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873445

ABSTRACT

@#With the progress in refractive cataract surgery, the refractive effects after cataract surgery are more accurate and predictable. Various types of intraocular lens have been applied to clinical practice and there is an increasingly higher demand on the precision of intraocular lens(IOL)calculation formula. According to calculation principles and different parameters required, this article aims to give a review on the research progress of IOL calculation formula.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 9-20, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872595

ABSTRACT

Fibrosis is a pathological process of abnormal hyperplasia and excessive deposition of extracellular matrix during the process of repair after tissue and organ damage. Injury/inflammation caused by variously chronic diseases is a major trigger for fibrogenesis. Fibrosis of the liver and kidney is a common organ fibrosis. Recently, the intestinal microbiota has been shown to be extensively involved in the development of liver and kidney diseases, which may follow from changes in the intestinal microbial composition and intestinal integrity. This promotes the development of liver and/or kidney fibrosis through endocrine, cell signaling and other pathways. This paper reviews the research progress in understanding liver fibrosis and kidney fibrosis based on the gut-liver-kidney axis, which may be helpful for providing new strategies and theoretical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of hepatic and renal fibrosis.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 651-667, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881161

ABSTRACT

Insulin therapy plays an essential role in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. However, frequent injections required to effectively control the glycemic levels lead to substantial inconvenience and low patient compliance. In order to improve insulin delivery, many efforts have been made, such as developing the nanoparticles (NPs)-based release systems and oral insulin. Although some improvements have been achieved, the ultimate results are still unsatisfying and none of insulin-loaded NPs systems have been approved for clinical use so far. Recently, nano‒protein interactions and protein corona formation have drawn much attention due to their negative influence on the

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881075

ABSTRACT

The management of post-stroke complications plays an important role in the quality of life. Di-Tan Decoction (DTD; ) is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine. This study incorporated systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of DTD in post-stroke neurological disorders. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were searched from English, Chinese and Korean electronic medical databases, by including the keywords "Di-Tan Tang", "Di-Tan Decoction", "Scour Phlegm Decoction", "stroke", and "RCT. Each RCT included control (placebo, conventional therapy, or Western medicine) and experimental (DTD treatment) groups. For patients inflicted with stroke for 1-6 weeks, the outcomes of post-stroke neurological disorders were measured by scales for post-stroke symptoms and were classified as "completely healed", "markedly effective", "effective" and "ineffective". Totally, 11 RCTs (n = 490 controls and n = 502 DTD subjects) were selected from 210 articles identified in the initial search. A meta-analysis of evaluation criteria in post-stroke symptoms revealed that the overall odds ratio (ORs) for alleviating post-stroke neurological disorders were 0.30-fold lower (95% CI = 0.21-0.43) in the DTD group than the control (Western medicine) group (P < 0.000 01). Moreover, regardless of the type of stroke diagnostic scale applied (including NFA, HDS, and NIHSS), the overall post-stroke symptoms determined were less severe in the DTD group (n = 219) than the control group (n = 217). No adverse effects of DTD were observed in the 11 RCTs reviewed. All 11 studies used an appropriate method for randomization of subjects to evaluate the risk of bias (ROB), and 7 studies included allocation concealment as well as blinding of patients and practitioners. High-risk ROB was included in 6 RCTs. No significant publication bias was derived from the funnel plot. Our results indicate that the administration of DTD alone, and DTD in combination with Western medicine, exert greater efficacy for post-stroke complication therapy, than Western medicine administered alone. More rigorous and regulated studies are required to confirm the therapeutic efficacy of DTD for post-stroke neurological disorders. disorders.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912629

ABSTRACT

Objective:By building a COVID-19 related scientific research progress monitoring system, to mitigate the information needs of different stakeholders such as government decision-makers, enterprises and scientific research institutions, provide reference for global scientific research progress monitoring for possible public health emergencies in the future.Methods:Literature review and expert consultation were adopted to systematically sort out the data sources of journal papers, preprints and other scientific papers, formed their respective monitoring catalogs and determined the tracking path.Results:COVID-19-related papers mainly include journal papers and preprints. The data source monitoring range of journal papers includes the official websites of top journals in biomedical and natural sciences, the database Web of Science and Science Direct, and the monitoring scope of the preprint platform includes medRxiv, bioRxiv, and SSRN, etc. In addition, the virological websites virological and nextstrain should also be monitored.Conclusions:COVID-19-related scientific research progress monitoring system can be used for daily monitoring to provide support for decision-making and deployment of prevention and control work.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912158

ABSTRACT

A total of three early gastric cancers (EGC)patients with submucosal severe fibrosis were successfully treated by endoscopic precise muscular dissection (EPMD) from May 2018 to August 2020.All the three lesions were en bloc resection and specimens were not damaged. The maximum diameter of specimens and fibrosis areas were 2.0-5.7 cm and 0.5-0.8 cm, respectively. The operation time was from 30 to 70 mins. Intraoperative perforation occurred in one case, post-operation fever cccured in one case, and no delayed perforation or bleeding occured. Two cases were cured resection and one case was non-cured resection without additional treatment. No recurrence or metastasis was observed during follow-up period.According to primary results, EPMD can be used for EGC with submucosal severe fibrosis, but the safety and effectiveness need clinical validation with more samples.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912070

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a transposon mutation library and screen new virulence genes of hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae(hvKp). Methods:The transposon mutation library was constructed and treated with human serum. The changes in the abundance of the genes of library mutant strains were analyzed by Transposon sequencing (Tn-seq). Besides, KEGG (kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes) annotation and enrichment analysis were performed on the screened genes.Results:A total of 405 genes were screened out according to the abundance of the genes in the library treated with human serum was 20% lower than that without treated, and 351 genes, 86.7% of these genes were conserved in HS11286, NJST258_1, NTUH-K2044 and RJF293. Ten genes existed in strains NTUH-K2044 and RJF293 with high virulence, while these genes were absent in HS11286 and NJST258_1 with low virulence. The mutants with genes such as glycosyl transferase gene wzy, aggregator protein gene wzi and capsule transporter gene wza, which belong to the capsule polysaccharide gene clusters, could not be detected after serum treatment. The abundance of iron carriers gene clusters such as aerobacterin and salmonellin in each library changed less than one time. KEGG annotation results showed that most annotated genes were involved in amino acid metabolism, cofactor and vitamin metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, etc. Conclusions:Tn-seq is a reliable method to screen functional genes. In this study, 405 candidate virulence genes of hvKp were successfully screened out, providing an experimental basis for further research on the function and regulation mechanism of new virulence genes of hvKp.

16.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 612-619, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of microRNA (miR) -26a in human skin fibroblasts during photoaging induced by ultraviolet A (UVA) , and to evaluate the effect of up-or down-regulation of miR-26a expression on the methylation level of the whole genome, the target gene enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) and cell aging.Methods:Some human skin fibroblasts were irradiated with 10 J/cm 2 UVA once a day for 7 consecutive days, RNA was extracted on days 0, 3 and 7, and real-time quantitative reverse PCR (RT-PCR) was performed to determine the expression of miR-26a; miR-26a mimics and inhibitors were transfected into fibroblasts to up-or down-regulate the expression of miR-26a respectively, and fluorescence microscopy and RT-PCR were performed to determine the expression of miR-26a and evaluate the transfection efficiency. Some human skin fibroblasts were divided into 6 groups: blank control group receiving no treatment, UVA group treated with UVA irradiation according to the above method, miR-26a mimic group transfected with miR-26a-mimics, UVA+miR-26a mimic group transfected with miR-26a-mimics followed by UVA irradiation, miR-26a inhibitor group transfected with miR-26a inhibitors, UVA+miR-26a inhibitor group transfected with miR-26a inhibitors followed by UVA irradiation. On day 7, cells in each group were collected after the end of UVA irradiation. Then, flow cytometry was performed to detect cell cycle, DNA methylation quantitative detection kit was used to detect the methylation level of whole genome, RT-PCR was conducted to determine the mRNA expression of EZH2 (a histone-lysine N-methyltransferase enzyme) , DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) and miR-26a, and Western blot analysis was performed to determine the protein expression of EZH2 and DNMT1. Statistical analysis was carried out by using one-way analysis of variance and least significant difference- t test. Results:Compared with the unirradiated control group, the expression of miR-26a gradually increased in the UVA irradiation group over time during the culture, and there was a significant difference in the expression of miR-26a between the two groups after 7 days of UVA irradiation ( t=5.295, P < 0.05) . Strong fluorescence signals were observed in the miR-26a mimic-or miR-26a inhibitor-transfected fibroblasts, suggesting a high transfection efficiency. Flow cytometry showed that the proportion of cells at G1 phase significantly differed among the blank control group, UVA group, miR-26a mimic group, UVA+miR-26a mimic group, miR-26a inhibitor group, and UVA+miR-26a inhibitor group (52.82% ± 2.56%, 78.56% ± 4.34%, 53.63% ± 3.13%, 89.52% ± 4.17%, 54.39% ± 3.86%, 65.34% ± 4.78%, respectively; F=46.728, P < 0.01) , and significantly higher in the UVA group than in the blank control group ( t=8.848, P < 0.01) , higher in the UVA+miR-26a mimic group than in the miR-26a mimic group and UVA group ( t=11.922, 3.154, P < 0.01, < 0.05, respectively) , and higher in the UVA+miR-26a inhibitor group than in the miR-26a-inhibitor group ( t=3.087, P < 0.05) , but significantly lower in the UVA+miR-26a inhibitor group than in the UVA group ( t=3.547, P < 0.05) . Detection of the genome-wide methylation level showed that the methylation level ( A450 value) significantly differed among the above groups (0.676 ± 0.024, 0.323 ± 0.043, 0.506 ± 0.035, 0.169 ± 0.024, 0.602 ± 0.036, 0.422 ± 0.029, respectively, F=97.402, P < 0.01) , and significantly lower in the UVA group than in the blank control group ( P < 0.01) , lower in the UVA+miR-26a mimic group than in the miR-26a mimic group and UVA group (both P < 0.01) , and lower in the UVA+miR-26a inhibitor group than in the miR-26a inhibitor group ( P < 0.01) , but significantly higher in the UVA+miR-26a inhibitor group than in the UVA group ( P < 0.05) . RT-PCR and Western blot analysis showed significant differences in the mRNA and protein expression of EZH2 and DNMT1 respectively among the 6 groups (both P < 0.05) , which were significantly lower in the UVA group than in the blank control group ( P < 0.05) , lower in the UVA+miR-26a mimic group than in the miR-26a mimic group and UVA group (both P < 0.05) , and lower in the UVA+miR-26a inhibitor group than in the miR-26a inhibitor group ( P < 0.05) , but significantly higher in the UVA+miR-26a inhibitor group than in the UVA group ( P < 0.05) . Conclusion:In the UVA irradiation-induced photoaging of skin fibroblasts, miR-26a expression was up-regulated, cellular proliferative activity and genome-wide methylation level decreased; up-regulation of miR-26a expression could down-regulate the expression of its target gene EZH2 and methylation-related gene DNM1, and promote cell photoaging, while down-regulation of miR-26a expression could up-regulate the expression of EZH2 and DNMT1, and inhibit cell photoaging.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911439

ABSTRACT

To investigate clinical characteristics of muscular sarcoidosis presenting muscle mass as initial symptom. The clinical data of 10 patients diagnosed with muscular sarcoidosis and admitted in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from May 2014 to October 2020 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. All patients were female, including 2 patients with unilateral involvement of lower extremities, 7 patients with bilateral involvement of lower extremities, and 1 patient with bilateral involvement of upper and lower extremities. Lung lesions were presented in all patients, and 9 cases had mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (sACE) was 57-118 IU/ml. No specific characteristics were found by ultrasound. Typical “dark-star” sign and “three-stripe” sign were shown in the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The pathology of striated muscle was non-necrotizing granulomatous inflammation. Three patients were not treated. In 7 patients treated with prednisone 0.5-1 mg ·kg -1·d -1, immunosuppressants were combined in 3 patients at initial and the other 4 patients later on. During the follow-up of 7-62 months, 1 patient was stable, 6 improved and 3 relapsed. Till now, 5 patients are still on the treatment of glucocorticoid and immunosuppressant.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 422-428, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909886

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore different surgical treatment options and effect for intraspinal cement leakage after percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP).Methods:A retrospective case series study was carried out to analyze the clinical data of 5 patients with intraspinal cement leakage after PVP for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) admitted to People's Hospital of Shanxi between May 2016 and January 2020, including 1 male and 4 females, with the age of 65-82 years [(75.4±7.5)years]. Injured segments were located at T 12-L 1 in 1 patient, L 1 in 1, L 2-4 in 1, L 3 in 1 and L 4-5 in 1. The American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) classification was grade C in 2 patients and grade D in 3. Muscle strength was grade II in 2 patients and grade III in 3. The leakage of bone cement in the spinal canal was strip or columnar in 3 patients, leaning to one side of the spinal canal and adjacent to the nerve root, and the bone cement was removed by transforaminal endoscope for decompression. The leakage of bone cement in the dura mater and spinal canal was found in 2 patients. The intradural bone cement leakage was removed by durotomy, and the bone cement in the spinal canal was removed by transpedicular osteotomy, bone graft fusion and internal fixation. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI), ASIA grade and muscle strength were observed before operation, at 3 days, 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up. Results:All patients were followed up for 12-16 months [(13.6±1.8)months]. The VAS was significantly decreased at postoperative 3 days, 3 months and at the last follow-up [(2.6±0.6)points, (2.1±0.3)points, (1.9±0.5)points] when compared to (7.1±1.5)points before operation ( P<0.01). However, the VAS had no statistical difference at different time points after operation ( P>0.05). The ODI was 42.4±10.2, 25.6±6.0 and 21.4±3.6 at postoperative 3 days, 3 months and at the last follow-up, significantly different from that before operation (74.2±7.3) ( P<0.05 or 0.01). However, the ODI had no statistical difference at postoperative 3 months and at the last follow-up ( P>0.05). Two patients with preoperative ASIA grade C recovered to grade D and 3 patients with preoperative grade D recovered to grade E at the last follow-up ( P<0.05). Two patients could walk without crutches with muscle strength improved from grade II preoperatively to grade IV at the last follow-up ( P<0.01). Three patients had completed recovery of neurological function with muscle strength improved from grade III preoperatively to grade V at the last follow-up ( P<0.01). Conclusions:For OVCF patients with intraspinal canal cement leakage and neurological symptoms after PVP, if the bone cement is located on one side of the spinal canal and adjacent to the nerve root, the bone cement should be removed by foraminal endoscope for decompression; if the cement leakage occurs in the dura mater, the dura mater should be cut to remove the bone cement for decompression, which can effectively relieve pain and promote functional recovery.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of compression treatment on occurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after tension-free inguinal hernia repair.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinical data of 13 263 patients with inguinal hernia who were admitted to 58 medical centers from January to December in 2017 were collected, including 1 668 in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital of Capital Medical University, 782 in East Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University, 558 in Huadong Hospital of Fudan University, 525 in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 488 in Ruijin Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 382 in Tianjin People's Hospital, 378 in Peking University Third Hospital, 364 in Beijing Hospital, 356 in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, 348 in Huashan Hospital of Fudan University, 348 in Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, 328 in Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, 304 in Beijing Luhe Hospital of Capital Medical University, 296 in People's Hospital of Changshou District in Chongqing, 290 in Anhui Provincial Hospital, 281 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, 281 in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous People's Hospital, 247 in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, 220 in Wuhan NO.1 Hospital, 214 in the First Hospital of China Medical University, 213 in West China Hospital of Sichuan University, 206 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, 202 in Taiyuan Central Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, 197 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou University, 191 in Zhongda Hospital of Southeast University, 190 in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, 189 in Xuzhou Central Hospital, 188 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, 187 in the Second Hospital Affiliated to Naval Medical University, 175 in Chengdu Fifth People's Hospital, 173 in Tianjin Nankai Hospital, 172 in the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, 172 in Zhangjiakou First Hospital, 161 in Henan Provincial People's Hospital, 153 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, 149 in Shandong Provincial Hospital, 142 in the Second Hospital of Shandong University, 137 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan University of Medicine, 136 in the Fourth Hospital of Harbin Medical University, 127 in Pingjiang District of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, 102 in the Central Hospital of Wuhan, 100 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, 98 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, 97 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, 96 in Xijing Hospital Affiliated to Air Force Medical University, 90 in the Fourth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, 81 in Hunan Provincial Hospital of Traditional Medicine, 80 in the First Hospital of Tsinghua University, 80 in Xinhua Hospital of Hubei Province, 61 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, 57 in Peking University International Hospital, 50 in Peking University First Hospital, 39 in Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, 38 in Jilin Yan'an Hospital, 37 in China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, 20 in Taikang Xianlin Drum Hospital, 16 in Chinese PLA General Hospital, 3 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University. There were 11 852 males and 1 411 females, aged from 18 to 102 years, with a median age of 64 years. Of 13 263 patients, 9 995 with compression treatment after tension-free inguinal hernia repair were divided into compression group and 3 268 without compression treatment after tension-free inguinal hernia repair were divided into non-compression group. Observation indicators: (1) compression treatment of patients in the compression group; (2) occurrence of VTE after tension-free inguinal hernia repair in the two groups; (3) analysis of influencing factors for VTE after tension-free inguinal hernia repair. Follow-up using telephone interview was performed to detect history of patient's thrombosis, medical history of patient's family and the incidence of postoperative VTE up to February 2018. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M ( P25, P75) or M (range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Wilcoxon rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis were conducted using the Logistic regression model. Results:(1) Compression treatment of patients in the compression group: of the 9 995 patients in the compression group, 6 086 underwent compression treatment with 0.5 kg of sandbag or 500 mL of packed 0.9% sodium chloride solution, 1 881 underwent compression treatment with trusses, 745 underwent compression treatment with girdles, 675 underwent compression treatment with elastic underwear combined with 0.5 kg of sandbag, and 608 underwent compression treatment with elastic underwear. (2) Occurrence of VTE after tension-free inguinal hernia repair in the two groups: patients of the two groups after matching were followed up. Occurrence of VTE after matching were 15 and 1 in the compression group and non-compression group, respectively, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=2.010, P>0.05). (3) Analysis of influencing factors for VTE after tension-free inguinal hernia repair: results of univariate analysis showed that cases with varix of lower limb, cases with oral contracep-tives or hormone replacement therapy history, cases with VTE history, clinical classification, clinical typing, surgical method, cases with anticoagulant drugs history, cases undergoing oral antiplatelet drugs, cases undergoing postoperative VTE prevention with medication were related factors for occurrence of VTE after tension-free inguinal hernia repair ( odds ratio=13.98, 37.71, 19.21, 4.43, 4.21, 0.07, 0.08, 0.10, 31.04, 95% confidence interval: 3.15?62.11, 8.35?170.24, 6.15?60.00, 1.43?13.76, 1.20?14.82, 0.01?0.49, 0.02?0.27, 0.04?0.29, 8.53?112.93, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that cases with VTE history and surgical method were independent influencing factors for occurrence of VTE after tension-free inguinal hernia repair ( odds ratio=7.78, 11.19, 95% confidence interval: 2.06?29.42, 1.45?86.55, P<0.05). Conclusion:Cases with VTE history and surgical method are independent influencing factors for occurrence of VTE after tension-free inguinal hernia repair.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908397

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the neurodevelopmental status of very/extremely low birth weight preterm infants with gestational age less than 32 weeks at the corrected age of 1 year.Methods:Preterm infants admitted to the Neonatology Department after birth at Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center from January 2015 to December 2018 and followed up regularly to the high-risk infants clinic for at least 1 year after discharge were selected as the research subjects.According to the birth weight(BW), preterm infants were divided into very/extremely low birth weight group(BW<1 500 g), low birth weight group(1 500 g<BW<2 500 g)and normal birth weight group(2 500 g≤BW<4 000 g). The neurodevelopment of preterm infants with different BW at the corrected age of 1 year were compared and the influence of perinatal risk factors on neurodevelopment of very/extremely low birth weight preterm infants were analyzed.Results:A total of 270 preterm infants were included in the study, including 95 in the very/extremely low birth weight group, 124 in the low birth weight group, and 51 in the normal birth weight group.At the corrected age of 1 year, adaptability, gross motor, fine motor, language, individual sociability and development quotient(DQ) in the very/extremely low birth weight group were lower than those in the other two groups( P<0.05). The incidence of neurodevelopmental abnormality(DQ<85)in very/extremely low birth weight preterm infants was 42.1%(40/95) at the corrected age of 1 year.The incidence of intracranial hemorrhage in neurodevelopmental abnormality group(85.0%, 34/40) was higher than that in the control group(29.1%, 16/55)( P<0.05). Conclusion:Very/extremely low birth weight preterm infants are at high risk of neurodevelopmental abnormality at the age of 1 year, and intracranial hemorrhage may be a related potential risk factor.Perinatal follow-up care and early intervention should be emphasized to strengthen neurodevelopmental monitoring.

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